Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 61
Filtrar
1.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; : 15385744211068614, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34978227

RESUMO

A 34-year-old patient underwent liver transplantation for progressive hepatic failure in the setting of congenital hepatic fibrosis. In past medical history, the patient had undergone splenectomy with proximal Linton's splenorenal surgical shunt creation for symptomatic portal hypertension with hypersplenism. The patient developed an early allograft dysfunction, with radiologic evidence of a reduced portal flow associated to portal steal from the patent surgical shunt. The patient was successfully treated through endovascular placement of a 30 mm Amplatzer cardiac plug at the origin of the splenic vein.

2.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775944

RESUMO

We report a rare variant of the hepatic arterial supply observed during liver procurement from a 71-year-old female donor for whom an ischemic stroke caused brain death. Preoperative computed tomography showed a partially obliterated celiac trunk and an atypical arterial branch that coursed in a retropancreatic plane away from its origin at the superior mesenteric artery to anastomose with the common hepatic artery at the origin of the proper hepatic artery. The gastroduodenal artery and the dorsal pancreatic artery are the 2 conventional anastomotic arcades between the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery. However, another potential anastomotic route is a rare physiological phenomenon known as the arc of Bühler, which, if present, connects the superior mesenteric artery with the celiac trunk or one of its branches. Although the arc of Bühler is known to occur in less than 3% of the general population, it could serve as a crucial anastomotic option in the case of median arcuate ligament syndrome or atheromatous obliteration of the celiac trunk. In our case, we were able to dissect and preserve the entire anastomotic arc from the donor. For arterial reconstruction during liver transplant, we anastomosed the arc of Bühler to the recipient's hepatic artery at the origin of the gastroduodenal artery. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the recipient was in good health at the 6-month follow-up. The arc of Bühler, when present, is an important anastomotic option in hepatobiliary surgery to avoid potential damage to the arterial supply of the liver.

3.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: In Italy, since August 2014, LT candidates with MELD≥30 receive a national allocation priority. This multi-center cohort study aims to evaluate waiting time in the list, dropout rate, and graft survival before and after introducing the macroarea sharing policy. METHODS: 4,238 patients registered from 2010 to 2018 have been enrolled and categorized in an ERA-1 Group (n=2,013; before August 2014) and an ERA-2 Group (n=2,225; during and after August 2014). Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the HR of receiving LT or death between the two ERAs. The Fine-Gray model was used to estimate the HR for dropout from the waiting list and graft loss, considering death as a competing risk event. A Fine-Gray model was also used to estimate risk factors of graft loss. RESULTS: MELD≥30 patients had a lower median waiting time in the list for LT (4vs.12 days, p<0.001) and a higher probability to be transplanted (HR=2.27, 95%CI 1.78-2.90; p=0.001) in the ERA-2 when compared to ERA-1. The subgroup analysis on 3,515 LTs confirmed ERA-2 (odds ratio=0.56, 95%CI=0.46-0.68; p=0.001) as a protective factor for better graft survival rate. The protective variables for lower dropouts on the waiting list were: ERA-2, high volume centers, no competition centers, male recipients, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The protective variables for graft loss were high volume center and ERA-2, while MELD≥30 remained related to a higher risk of graft loss. CONCLUSIONS: The national MELD≥30 priority allocation was associated with improved patient outcomes, although MELD≥30 had a higher risk of graft loss. The transplant centers volume and competition among centers may have a role in the recipient prioritization and outcome. CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NCT04530240 LAY SUMMARY: After introducing the Italian national MELD≥30 priority, more LT, fewer dropouts, and shorter waiting times were observed in patients with MELD≥30. However, a higher risk of graft loss still burdens these cases compared to MELD<30. The volume of transplant centers and competitions among centers may have a role in the recipient prioritization and outcome.

5.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To identify the best possible outcomes in liver transplantation from donation after circulatory death donors (DCD) and to propose outcome values, which serve as reference for individual liver recipients or patient groups. METHODS: Based on 2219 controlled DCD liver transplantations, collected from 17 centres in North America and Europe, we identified 1012 low-risk, primary, adult liver transplantations with a laboratory MELD of ≤20points, receiving a DCD liver with a total donor warm ischemia time of ≤30minutes and asystolic donor warm ischemia time of ≤15minutes. Clinically relevant outcomes were selected and complications were reported according to the Clavien-Dindo-Grading and the Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI). Corresponding benchmark cut-offs were based on median values of each centre, where the 75th-percentile was considered. RESULTS: Benchmark cases represented between 19.7% and 75% of DCD transplantations in participating centers. The one-year retransplant and mortality rate was 5.23% and 9.01%, respectively. Within the first year of follow-up, 51.1% of recipients developed at least one major complication (≥Clavien-Dindo-Grade-III). Benchmark cut-offs were ≤3days and ≤16days for ICU and hospital stay, ≤66% for severe recipient complications (≥Grade-III), ≤16.8% for ischemic cholangiopathy, and ≤38.9CCI points at one-year posttransplant. Comparisons with higher risk groups showed more complications and impaired graft survival, outside the benchmark cut-offs. Organ perfusion techniques reduced the complications to values below benchmark cut-offs, despite higher graft risk. CONCLUSIONS: Despite excellent 1-year survival, morbidity in benchmark cases remains high with more than half of recipients developing severe complications during 1-year follow-up. Benchmark cut-offs targeting morbidity parameters offer a valid tool to assess the protective value of new preservation technologies in higher risk groups, and provide a valid comparator cohort for future clinical trials. LAY SUMMARY: The best possible outcomes after liver transplantation of grafts donated after circulatory death (DCD) were defined using the concept of benchmarking. These were based on 2219 liver transplantations following controlled DCD donation in 17 centres worldwide. The following benchmark cut-offs for the most relevant outcome parameters were developed: ICU and hospital stay: ≤3 and ≤16 days; primary non function: ≤2.5%; renal replacement therapy: ≤9.6%; ischemic cholangiopathy: ≤16.8% and anastomotic strictures ≤28.4%. One-year graft loss and mortality were defined as ≤14.4% and 9.6%, respectively. Donor and recipient combinations with higher risk had significantly worse outcomes. The use of novel organ perfusion technology achieved similar, good results in this high-risk group with prolonged donor warm ischemia time, when compared to the benchmark cohort.

6.
Am J Transplant ; 21(12): 3919-3925, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467627

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic dramatically impacted transplantation landscape. Scientific societies recommend against the use of donors with active SARS-CoV-2 infection. Italian Transplant Authority recommended to test recipients/donors for SARS-CoV-2-RNA immediately before liver transplant (LT) and, starting from November 2020, grafts from deceased donors with active SARS-CoV-2 infection were allowed to be considered for urgent-need transplant candidates with active/resolved COVID-19. We present the results of the first 10 LTs with active COVID-19 donors within an Italian multicenter series. Only two recipients had a positive molecular test at LT and one of them remained positive up to 21 days post-LT. None of the other eight recipients was found to be SARS-CoV-2 positive during follow-up. IgG against SARS-CoV-2 at LT were positive in 80% (8/10) of recipients, and 71% (5/7) showed neutralizing antibodies, expression of protective immunity related to recent COVID-19. In addition, testing for SARS-CoV-2 RNA on donors' liver biopsy at transplantation was negative in 100% (9/9), suggesting a very low risk of transmission with LT. Immunosuppression regimen remained unchanged, according to standard protocol. Despite the small number of cases, these data suggest that transplanting livers from donors with active COVID-19 in informed candidates with SARS-CoV-2 immunity, might contribute to safely increase the donor pool.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(15)2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359560

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma accounts for approximately 10% of all hepatobiliary tumors and represents 3% of all new-diagnosed malignancies worldwide. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (i-CCA) accounts for 10% of all cases, perihilar (h-CCA) cholangiocarcinoma represents two-thirds of the cases, while distal cholangiocarcinoma accounts for the remaining quarter. Originally described by Klatskin in 1965, h-CCA represents one of the most challenging tumors for hepatobiliary surgeons, mainly because of the anatomical vascular relationships of the biliary confluence at the hepatic hilum. Surgery is the only curative option, with the goal of a radical, margin-negative (R0) tumor resection. Continuous efforts have been made by hepatobiliary surgeons in order to achieve R0 resections, leading to the progressive development of aggressive approaches that include extended hepatectomies, associating liver partition, and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy, pre-operative portal vein embolization, and vascular resections. i-CCA is an aggressive biliary cancer that arises from the biliary epithelium proximal to the second-degree bile ducts. The incidence of i-CCA is dramatically increasing worldwide, and surgical resection is the only potentially curative therapy. An aggressive surgical approach, including extended liver resection and vascular reconstruction, and a greater application of systemic therapy and locoregional treatments could lead to an increase in the resection rate and the overall survival in selected i-CCA patients. Improvements achieved over the last two decades and the encouraging results recently reported have led to liver transplantation now being considered an appropriate indication for CCA patients.

10.
Transpl Int ; 34(9): 1712-1721, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448275

RESUMO

Although the diagnostic value of Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) protocol is well recognized in clinical practice, its role in liver transplant (LT) setting is under-explored. We sought to evaluate the oncological impact of LI-RADS classification applied to Metroticket 2.0 calculator in a single-centre retrospective cohort of transplanted hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, exploring which LI-RADS subclasses need to be considered in order to grant the best Metroticket 2.0 performance. The most recent pre-LT imaging of 245 patients undergoing LT for HCC between 2005 and 2015 was retrospectively and blindly reviewed, classifying all nodules according to LI-RADS protocol. Metroticket 2.0 accuracy was subsequently tested incorporating all vital nodules identified during multi-disciplinary team (MDT) meetings attended before LI-RADS reclassification of the latest pre-LT imaging, LR-5 and LR-treatment-viable (LR-TR-V), LR-4/5 and LR-TR-V, and LR-3/4/5 and LR-TR-V nodules respectively. Considering their extremely low probability for harbouring HCC, LR-1 and LR-2 nodules were not considered in this analysis. Incorporation of all HCCs identified during MDT meetings attended before LI-RADS reclassification of the latest pre-LT imaging resulted in a Metroticket 2.0 c-index of 0.72, [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64-0.80]. Metroticket 2.0 c-index dropped to 0.60 [95% CI: 0.48-0.72] when LI-RADS-5 and LI-RADS-TR-V (P = 0.0089) or LI-RADS-5, LI-RADS-4 and LI-RADS-TR-V (P = 0.0068) nodules were entered in the calculator. Conversely, addition of LI-RADS-3 HCCs raised the Metroticket 2.0 c-index to 0.65 [95% CI: 0.54-0.86], resulting in a not statistically significant diversion from the original performance (0.72 vs. 0.65; P = 0.08). Exclusion of LR-3 and LR-4 nodules from Metroticket 2.0 calculator resulted in a significant drop in its accuracy. Every nodule with an intermediate-to-high probability of harbouring HCC according to LI-RADS protocol seems to contribute to tumour burden and should be entered in the Metroticket 2.0 calculator in order to grant appropriate performance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transplante de Fígado , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Meios de Contraste , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
Transpl Int ; 34(10): 1948-1958, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145653

RESUMO

The impact of donor age on the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver transplantation is still debated. Between 2002 and 2014, all patients transplanted for HCC in 2 European liver transplantation tertiary centres were retrospectively reviewed. Risk factors for HCC recurrence were assessed using competing risk analysis, and the impact of donor age < or ≥65 years and < or ≥80 years was specifically evaluated after propensity score matching. 728 patients transplanted with a median follow-up of 86 months were analysed. The 1-, 3- and 5-year recurrence rates were 4.9%, 10.7% and 13.9%, respectively. In multivariable analysis, recipient age (sHR: 0.96 [0.93; 0.98], P < 0.01), number of lesions (sHR: 1.05 [1.04; 1.06], P < 0.001), maximum size of the lesions (sHR: 1.37 [1.27; 1.48], P < 0.01), presence of a hepatocholangiocarcinoma (sHR: 6.47 [2.91; 14.38], P < 0.01) and microvascular invasion (sHR: 3.48 [2.42; 5.02], P < 0.01) were significantly associated with HCC recurrence. After propensity score matching, neither donor age ≥65 (P = 0.29) nor donor age ≥80 (P = 0.84) years increased the risk of HCC recurrence. In conclusion, donor age was not found to be a risk factor for HCC recurrence. Patients listed for HCC can receive a graft from an elderly donor without compromising the outcome.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transplante de Fígado , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Doadores Vivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
15.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 19(5): 493-496, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797358

RESUMO

Organ shortage is one of the major limitations in the field of liver transplantation, which has led to the consideration of extended criteria donors as a way to expand the donor pool. The use of extended criteria donors in cases of high Model for End-Stage Liver Disease scores or urgent recipients could be complicated by increased postoperative mortality. Donors on left ventricular assist devices could be considered extended criteria donors because of the mechanical circulatory support itself and the potential of chronic liver damage due to right ventricular failure, but experiences in the literature are limited. Here, we report the first case of an urgent liver retransplant procured from a left ventricular assist device donor.

16.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(7)2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33916311

RESUMO

Background: Single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) benefits from surgical resection (SR) or US-guided percutaneous ablation (PA), although the best approach is still debated. We evaluated the impact of Li-RADS classification on the oncological outcomes of SR vs. PA as single HCC first-line treatment. Methods: We retrospectively and blindly classified treatment-naïve single HCC that underwent SR or PA between 2010 and 2016 according to Li-RADS protocol. Overall survival (OS), recurrence free survival (RFS) and local recurrence after SR and PA were compared for each Li-RADS subclass before and after propensity-score matching (PS-M). Results: Considering the general population, SR showed better 5-year OS (68.3% vs. 52.2%; p = 0.049) and RFS (42.5% vs. 29.8%; p = 0.002), with lower incidence of local recurrence (8.2% vs. 44.4%; p < 0.001), despite a significantly higher frequency of clinically-relevant complications (12.8% vs. 1.9%; p = 0.002) and a higher Comprehensive Complication Index (12.1 vs. 2.2; p < 0.001). Focusing on different Li-RADS subclasses, we highlighted better 5-year OS (67.1% vs. 46.2%; p = 0.035), RFS (45.0% vs. 27.0% RFS; p < 0.001) and lower incidence of local recurrence (9.7% vs. 48.6%; p < 0.001) after SR for Li-RADS-5 HCCs, while these outcomes did not differ for Li-RADS-3/4 subclasses; such results were confirmed after PS-M. Conclusions: Our analysis suggests a potential prognostic role of Li-RADS classification, supporting SR over PA especially for Li-RADS-5 single HCC.

19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(10): 928-938, 2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33776364

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has upended healthcare systems worldwide and led to an inevitable decrease in liver transplantation (LT) activity. During the first pandemic wave, administrators and clinicians were obliged to make the difficult decision of whether to suspend or continue a life-saving procedure based on the scarce available evidence regarding the risk of transmission and mortality in immunosuppressed patients. Those centers where the activity continued or was heavily restricted were obliged to screen donors and recipients, design COVID-safe clinical pathways, and promote telehealth to prevent nosocomial transmission. Despite the ever-growing literature on COVID-19, the amount of high-quality literature on LT remains limited. This review will provide an updated view of the impact of the pandemic on LT programs worldwide. Donor and recipient screening, strategies for waitlist prioritization, and posttransplant risk of infection and mortality are discussed. Moreover, a particular focus is given to the possibility of donor-to-recipient transmission and immunosuppression management in COVID-positive recipients.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Transplante de Fígado/tendências , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/tendências , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/transmissão , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Programas de Rastreamento , SARS-CoV-2 , Transplantes/virologia
20.
Transplantation ; 105(11): 2385-2396, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) in Italy, given its 20-min stand-off period, provides a unique bench test for normothermic regional perfusion (NRP) and dual hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (D-HOPE). METHODS: We coordinated a multicenter retrospective Italian cohort study with 44 controlled DCD donors, who underwent NRP, to present transplant characteristics and results. To rank our results according to the high donor risk, we matched and compared a subgroup of 37 controlled DCD livers, preserved with NRP and D-HOPE, with static-preserved controlled DCD transplants from an established European program. RESULTS: In the Italian cohort, D-HOPE was used in 84% of cases, and the primary nonfunction rate was 5%. Compared with the matched comparator group, the NRP + D-HOPE group showed a lower incidence of moderate and severe acute kidney injury (stage 2: 8% versus 27% and stage 3: 3% versus 27%; P = 0.001). Ischemic cholangiopathy remained low (2-y proportion free: 97% versus 92%; P = 0.317), despite the high-risk profile resulting from the longer donor warm ischemia in Italy (40 versus 18 min; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that NRP and D-HOPE yield good results in DCD livers with prolonged warm ischemia.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...