Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 32
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To quantify the prevalence of co-morbidities in patients with early RA and determine their prognostic value for effectiveness outcomes in a randomized trial. METHODS: We included patients from the 2-year pragmatic randomized CareRA trial, who had early RA (diagnosis < 1 year), were DMARD naïve and then treated-to-target with different remission induction schemes. Prevalence of co-morbidities was registered at baseline and the Rheumatic Diseases Comorbidity Index (RDCI; range 0-9) was calculated. We tested the relation between baseline RDCI and outcomes including disease activity (DAS28-CRP), physical function (HAQ index), quality of life (SF-36 domains) and hospitalizations over 2 years, using linear mixed models or generalized estimating equations models. RESULTS: Of 379 included patients, 167 (44%) had a RDCI of minimum 1. RDCI scores of 1, 2 or ≥3 were obtained in 65 (17%), 70 (19%), and 32 (8%) participants, respectively. The most frequent co-morbidity was hypertension (22%). Patients with co-morbidities had significantly higher HAQ (ß = 0.215; 95% CI: 0.071, 0.358), DAS28-CRP (ß = 0.225; 95% CI: 0.132, 0.319) and lower SF-36 physical component summary scores (ß =-3.195; 95% CI: -4.844, -1.546) over 2 years than patients without co-morbidities, after adjusting for possible confounders including disease activity and randomized treatment. Patients with co-morbidities had over time lower chances of achieving remission (OR = 0.724; 95% CI: 0.604, 0.867) and a higher risk of hospitalization (OR = 3.725; 95% CI: 2.136, 6.494). CONCLUSION: At disease onset, almost half of RA patients had at least one clinically important co-morbidity. Having co-morbidities was associated with worse functionality and disease activity outcomes over 2 years, despite intensive remission induction treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trials NCT01172639.

2.
J Rheumatol ; 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the possibility of integrating patient-important outcomes like pain, fatigue and physical function into the evaluation of disease status in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA), without compromising correct disease activity measurement. METHODS: Patients from the 2-year Care-in-early-Rheumatoid-Arthritis (CareRA) trial were included. Pain and fatigue (visual analogue scales), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), standard components of disease activity (swollen/tender joint counts (SJC/TJC), C-reactive protein (CRP) or erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), Physician (Ph) and Patient's (Pa) global health (GH)) were recorded at every visit (n=10). Pearson correlation and exploratory factor analyses (EFAs), using multiple imputation (15 times) and outputation (1000 times), were performed per timepoint and overall, on standard components of disease activity scores with and without pain, fatigue and HAQ. Each of the 15 000 datasets was analyzed with principal component extraction and oblimin rotation to determine which variables belong together. RESULTS: We included 379 patients. EFAs on standard composite score components extracted 2 factors with no substantial cross-loadings. Still, pain (0.83), fatigue (0.65) and HAQ (0.59) were strongly correlated with PaGH. When rerunning the EFAs with the inclusion of pain, fatigue and HAQ, the 2-factor model had substantial cross-loadings between factors. However, a 3-factor model was optimal, with Factor 1: Patient's assessment, Factor 2: Clinical assessment (PhGH, SJC and TJC), and Factor 3: Laboratory (ESR/CRP). CONCLUSION: PaGH, pain, fatigue, and physical function represent a separate aspect of the disease burden of ERA patients, that could be further explored as a target for care apart from disease activity.

4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is an urgent need for robust data on the trajectories and outcomes of pregnancies in women with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). In particular when rare outcomes or rare diseases are to be investigated, collaborative approaches are required. However, joint data analyses are often limited by the heterogeneity of the different data sources.To facilitate future research collaboration, a European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Task Force defined a core data set with a minimum of items to be collected by pregnancy registries in rheumatology covering the period of pregnancy and the 28-day neonatal phase in women with any underlying IRD. METHODS: A stepwise process included a two-round Delphi survey and a face-to-face meeting to achieve consensus about relevant items. RESULTS: A total of 64 multidisciplinary stakeholders from 14 different countries participated in the two rounds of the Delphi process. During the following face-to-face meeting of the EULAR Task Force, consensus was reached on 51 main items covering 'maternal information', 'pregnancy' and 'treatment'. Generic instruments for assessment are recommended for every item. Furthermore, for the five most frequent IRDs rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, disease-specific laboratory markers and disease activity measurements are proposed. CONCLUSION: This is the first consensus-based core data set for prospective pregnancy registries in rheumatology. Its purpose is to stimulate and facilitate multinational collaborations that aim to increase the knowledge about pregnancy course and safety of treatment in women with IRDs during pregnancy.

5.
RMD Open ; 6(1)2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371432

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify and characterise a subgroup of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) reporting not feeling well 1 year after treatment initiation despite achieving optimal disease control according to current treatment standards. METHODS: This observational study included participants of the Care in early RA trial with a rapid and sustained response (DAS28CRP<2.6) from week 16 until year 1 after starting the first RA treatment. Feeling well was assessed at year 1, using five patient-reported outcomes (PROs): pain, fatigue, physical functioning, RA-related quality of life and sleep quality. K-means clustering assigned patients to a cluster based on these PROs. Cohen's d effect size estimated cluster differences at treatment initiation and week 16, for the five clustering PROs, coping behaviour, illness perceptions and social support. RESULTS: Analyses revealed three clusters. Of 140 patients, 77.9% were assigned to the 'concordant to disease activity' cluster, 9.3% to the 'dominant fatigue' cluster and 12.9% to the 'dominant pain and fatigue' cluster. Large differences in pain and fatigue reporting were found at week 16 when comparing the 'concordant' with the 'dominant pain and fatigue' or the 'dominant fatigue' cluster. Small differences in reporting were found for the other PROs. Illness perceptions and coping style also differed in the 'concordant' cluster. CONCLUSIONS: Although most patients reported PRO scores in concordance with their well-controlled disease activity, one in five persistent treatment responders reported not feeling well at year 1. These patients reported higher pain and fatigue, and different illness perceptions and coping strategies early in the disease course.

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(5): 556-565, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of treat-to-target strategies among recently diagnosed patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using methotrexate (MTX) and a step-down glucocorticoid (GC) scheme (COBRA Slim) compared with (1) this combination with either sulphasalazine (COBRA Classic) or leflunomide (COBRA Avant-Garde) in high-risk patients and (2) MTX without GCs (Tight-Step-Up, TSU) in low-risk patients. METHODS: The incremental cost-utility was calculated from a healthcare perspective in the intention-to-treat population (n=379) of the 2-year open-label pragmatic randomised controlled Care in early RA trial. Healthcare costs were collected prospectively through electronic trial records. Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were estimated using mapping algorithms for EuroQoL-5 Dimension. Multiple imputation was used to handle missing data and bootstrapping to calculate CIs. Robustness was tested with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs at biosimilar prices. RESULTS: In the high-risk group, Classic (∆k€1.464, 95% CI -0.198 to 3.127) and Avant-Garde (∆k€0.636, 95% CI -0.987 to 2.258) were more expensive compared with Slim and QALYs were slightly worse for Classic (∆-0.002, 95% CI -0.086 to 0.082) and Avant-Garde (∆-0.009, 95% CI -0.102 to 0.084). This resulted in the domination of Classic and Avant-Garde by Slim. In the low-risk group, Slim was cheaper (∆k€-0.617, 95% CI -2.799 to 1.566) and QALYs were higher (∆0.141, 95% CI 0.008 to 0.274) compared with TSU, indicating Slim dominated. Results were robust against the price of biosimilars. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of MTX with a GC bridging scheme is less expensive with comparable health utility than more intensive step-down combination strategies or a conventional step-up approach 2 years after initial treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01172639.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/economia , Leflunomida/administração & dosagem , Medição da Dor , Sulfassalazina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Quimioterapia Combinada , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Indução de Remissão , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(9): 2593-2601, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166429

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Evidence regarding the effectiveness of step-down strategies for patients with well-controlled early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on a combination of methotrexate (MTX) and leflunomide (LEF) is currently lacking. METHOD: The Care in early RA (CareRA) trial is a 2-year randomized pragmatic trial comparing different remission induction strategies in treatment-naïve patients with early RA. For this study, we included participants who achieved low disease activity (LDA) (DAS28-CRP ≤ 3.2) between 40 to 52 weeks after starting a combination of MTX, LEF, and a prednisone bridging scheme followed by a treat-to-target approach. Patients were re-randomized to a maintenance monotherapy of either MTX 15 mg weekly or LEF 20 mg daily. Remission rates (DAS28-CRP < 2.6) at week 65 counted from re-randomization, as well as drug retention rates and safety during the 65 weeks of follow-up, were compared. RESULTS: Remission rates at week 65 after re-randomization were numerically higher in patients assigned to MTX (29/32; 90.6%) compared with patients on LEF (20/27; 74.1%) (p = 0.091). Of patients assigned to MTX, 60% (19/32) maintained LDA while continuing their assigned monotherapy until week 65 after re-randomization versus 44% (12/27) in the LEF group (p = 0.25). Patients re-randomized to MTX were more frequently in LDA measured by Clinical Disease Activity Index (32/32; 100%) compared with patients on LEF (23/27; 85.2%) (p = 0.024) 65 weeks after re-randomization. According to survival analyses, the probability of maintaining MTX monotherapy was higher (81%) than maintaining LEF monotherapy (55%) for 65 weeks (p = 0.025) after re-randomization. Safety analysis after re-randomization showed a good safety profile in both groups. CONCLUSION: MTX monotherapy seems not significantly more efficacious as maintenance treatment compared with LEF monotherapy but has a better retention rate and is well tolerated in early RA patients in LDA after combination therapy with both. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trials NCT01172639 Key points • Methotrexate should be preferred over leflunomide as maintenance therapy after an initial intensive combination of these two drugs. • Methotrexate shows a better retention rate to leflunomide as maintenance therapy in this context.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 685-699, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an update of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management recommendations to account for the most recent developments in the field. METHODS: An international task force considered new evidence supporting or contradicting previous recommendations and novel therapies and strategic insights based on two systematic literature searches on efficacy and safety of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) since the last update (2016) until 2019. A predefined voting process was applied, current levels of evidence and strengths of recommendation were assigned and participants ultimately voted independently on their level of agreement with each of the items. RESULTS: The task force agreed on 5 overarching principles and 12 recommendations concerning use of conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs (methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine); glucocorticoids (GCs); biological (b) DMARDs (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab), abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab, sarilumab and biosimilar (bs) DMARDs) and targeted synthetic (ts) DMARDs (the Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, upadacitinib). Guidance on monotherapy, combination therapy, treatment strategies (treat-to-target) and tapering on sustained clinical remission is provided. Cost and sequencing of b/tsDMARDs are addressed. Initially, MTX plus GCs and upon insufficient response to this therapy within 3 to 6 months, stratification according to risk factors is recommended. With poor prognostic factors (presence of autoantibodies, high disease activity, early erosions or failure of two csDMARDs), any bDMARD or JAK inhibitor should be added to the csDMARD. If this fails, any other bDMARD (from another or the same class) or tsDMARD is recommended. On sustained remission, DMARDs may be tapered, but not be stopped. Levels of evidence and levels of agreement were mostly high. CONCLUSIONS: These updated EULAR recommendations provide consensus on the management of RA with respect to benefit, safety, preferences and cost.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/economia , Produtos Biológicos/economia , Consenso , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Sintéticos/economia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
10.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(6): 1391-1397, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare the occurrence of newly diagnosed uveitis in children with JIA receiving MTX, etanercept, adalimumab and infliximab. METHODS: This on-drug analysis included patients within UK JIA registries (British Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Rheumatology Etanercept Cohort Study and Biologics for Children with Rheumatic Diseases) with non-systemic disease, registered at MTX or biologic start with no history of uveitis. Follow-up began from date of first treatment, continuing until first uveitis, discontinuation of registered drug, most recent follow-up up or death, whichever came first. Hazard ratios comparing risk of uveitis between drugs were calculated using propensity-adjusted Cox regression. RESULTS: A total of 2294 patients were included (943 MTX, 304 adalimumab/infliximab, 1047 etanercept). There were 44 reported cases of uveitis (27 MTX, 16 etanercept, 1 adalimumab). Unadjusted hazard ratio showed a reduced risk of uveitis in biologic cohorts compared with MTX. After adjusting for propensity deciles, there was no significant difference in the risk of uveitis between patients receiving etanercept or MTX [hazard ratio 0.5 (0.2-1.1)]. Fully adjusted comparisons were not possible for adalimumab/infliximab as there were too few events. CONCLUSIONS: In this first paper to compare the rate of new onset uveitis across the three main anti-TNF therapies used in JIA, a new diagnosis of uveitis is less common among patients starting biologics compared with MTX, although this did not reach statistical significance. The suggested protective effect of etanercept is likely explained by confounding, whereby patients in the MTX cohort are younger and earlier in disease, and therefore at greater risk of developing uveitis compared with etanercept patients.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/efeitos adversos , Uveíte/induzido quimicamente , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Etanercepte/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Uveíte/epidemiologia
11.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(12): 2284-2294, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether MTX should be combined with an additional DMARD and bridging glucocorticoids as initial treatment for patients with early RA to induce an effective long-term response. METHODS: The Care in early RA study is a two-year investigator-initiated pragmatic multicentre randomized trial. Early RA patients, naïve to DMARDs and glucocorticoids, were stratified based on prognostic factors. High-risk patients were randomized to COBRA-Classic (n = 98): MTX, sulfasalazine, prednisone step-down from 60 mg; COBRA-Slim (n = 98): MTX, prednisone step-down from 30 mg; or COBRA-Avant-Garde (n = 93): MTX, leflunomide, prednisone step-down from 30 mg. Low-risk patients were randomized to COBRA-Slim (n = 43); or Tight Step Up (TSU) (n = 47): MTX without prednisone. Clinical/radiological outcomes at year 2, sustainability of response, safety and treatment adaptations were assessed. RESULTS: In the high-risk group 71/98 (72%) patients achieved a DAS28-CRP < 2.6 with COBRA-Slim compared with 64/98 (65%) with COBRA-Classic and 69/93 (74%) with COBRA-Avant-Garde (P = 1.00). Other clinical/radiological outcomes and sustainability of response were similar. COBRA-Slim treatment resulted in less therapy-related adverse events compared with COBRA-Classic (P = 0.02) or COBRA-Avant-Garde (P = 0.005). In the low-risk group, 29/43 (67%) patients on COBRA-Slim and 34/47 (72%) on TSU achieved a DAS28-CRP < 2.6 (P = 1.00). On COBRA-Slim, low-risk patients had lower longitudinal DAS28-CRP scores over 2 years, a lower need for glucocorticoid injections and a comparable safety profile compared with TSU. CONCLUSION: All regimens combining DMARDs with glucocorticoids were effective for patients with early RA up to 2 years. The COBRA-Slim regimen, MTX monotherapy with glucocorticoid bridging, provided the best balance between efficacy and safety, irrespective of patients' prognosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01172639.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Articulações/diagnóstico por imagem , Leflunomida/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Sulfassalazina/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 71(12): 1566-1575, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951267

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Treating early, intensively, and to target leads to rapid disease control, preventing joint damage and loss of function in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We report the effect of such an approach on patient-reported outcomes and explore the contribution of rapid and persistent disease control to well-being after 1 year of treatment. METHODS: This study is part of the Care in Early RA trial, a prospective, 2-year, investigator-initiated, randomized controlled trial rooted in daily practice and implementing the treat-to-target principle. Short Form 36 (SF-36) health survey and Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) data were collected prospectively. We defined 4 clinical response profiles based on speed and consistency of the treatment response within the first year, defined as the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using the C-reactive protein level <2.6. Linear regression analyses including these response profiles and treatment type were constructed to predict the SF-36 dimensions of vitality, social functioning, role emotional, and mental health, and the IPQ-R illness perception subscales of consequences, treatment control, and illness coherence at year 1. RESULTS: A total of 333 patients were available for the main analyses, including 140 early persistent responders. Variation in each of the psychosocial outcomes at year 1 was explained mostly by baseline values, followed by the clinical response profiles. Patients with an early persistent response reported significantly higher vitality, more positive beliefs about disease consequences and treatment effect. Treatment type did not matter. CONCLUSION: Rapid and persistent disease control and not treatment type were associated with favorable patient-reported health and illness perceptions at year 1, but baseline psychosocial variables mattered most. Our data indicate opportunities to broaden the scope of the treat-to-target principle in early RA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30851113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This analysis aims to calculate MTX monotherapy persistence and describe the occurrence of and factors associated with the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) with MTX. METHODS: Patients with JIA starting MTX monotherapy from two UK studies were included. Patient characteristics, treatment details and ADR occurrence were collected at treatment start, 6 months, 1 year and annually. The following groups of ADRs were included: gastrointestinal, elevated liver enzymes, leukopenia, drug hypersensitivity, rash, needle phobia and any events leading to permanent MTX discontinuation. Treatment exposure was calculated from MTX start until MTX monotherapy cessation, last follow-up or 31 December 2017 (cut-off), whichever came first. Survival analysis assessed the time on MTX monotherapy and the time to the first ADR on MTX monotherapy within 2 years. Multivariable logistic regression assessed characteristics associated with any ADR and gastrointestinal ADRs. RESULTS: A total of 577 patients started MTX. At 2 years, 310 (54%) were no longer on MTX monotherapy. Reasons included ineffectiveness (60%; 161/185 started a biologic), adverse event (25%), remission (8%) and patient/family decision (3%). Over this time, 212 (37%) patients experienced one or more ADR; commonly gastrointestinal (68%) or elevated liver enzymes (26%). Lower physician global assessment and older age predicted any ADR and gastrointestinal ADR, respectively. Patients with polyarticular RF and JIA had reduced odds of both any ADR and a gastrointestinal ADR. CONCLUSION: After 2 years, more than half the patients were no longer on MTX monotherapy, while more than one-third experienced one or more ADR, most commonly gastrointestinal. Research focusing on identifying which children will respond and/or experience ADRs is crucial to inform treatment decisions and management planning.

15.
Rheumatol Adv Pract ; 3(2): rkz035, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32083241

RESUMO

Objective: Timely treatment of patients with early RA (ERA) favours a beneficial disease outcome. However, individuals often delay their contact with a health-care professional (HCP) after ERA-related symptom onset. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspective of patients on the journey of a patient from RA symptom onset until referral to a specialist. Methods: A subgroup of patients with ERA from the Care in ERA (CareRA) trial were interviewed retrospectively to discuss their initial ERA-related experiences preceding diagnosis, using a bespoke assessment form. The first section of the form focused on initial symptoms and help-seeking behaviour by the patients. The second part probed the actions of the HCPs consulted. Additional notes derived from the patient stories were analysed thematically. Results: Among 94 patients, pain (97%), swelling (73%) and stiffness (52%), typically in multiple joints, were reported as initial ERA symptoms. The general practitioner (GP) was generally the first HCP to be contacted (87%). Frequently reported reasons to visit an HCP were intense pain (90.4%) and difficulties in performing daily activities (69%). In 44.1% of patients, the HCP suspected ERA at the first visit. Approximately 25% of patients needed more than five visits before detection of ERA. GPs mainly referred patients to rheumatologists (71%). Thematic analysis uncovered that multiple HCPs were often involved in the journey to RA detection and referral. Conclusion: Pain is the most commonly reported initial symptom of ERA and the main reason to visit an HCP, usually a GP. These GPs play a pivotal role in early detection and correct referral. Furthermore, the journey of a patient seems complex, often with multiple HCPs being involved.

16.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(2): 331-335, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358861

RESUMO

Objectives: Rituximab (RTX) may be a treatment option for children and young people with JIA, although it is not licensed for this indication. The aim of this study was to describe RTX use and outcomes among children with JIA. Methods: This analysis included all JIA patients within the UK Biologics for Children with Rheumatic Diseases study starting RTX. Disease activity was assessed at RTX start and at follow-up. The total number of courses each patient received was assessed. Serious infections and infusion reactions occurring following RTX were reported. Results: Forty-one JIA patients starting RTX were included, the majority with polyarthritis: polyarthritis RF negative [n = 14 (35%)], polyarthritis RF positive [n = 13 (33%)] and extended oligoarthritis [n = 9 (23%)]. Most were female (80%) with a median age of 15 years [interquartile range (IQR) 12-16] and a median disease duration of 9 years (IQR 5-11). The median improvement in the clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (cJADAS; three-variable 71-joint JADAS) from RTX start was 9 units (n = 7; IQR -14-2). More than half reported more than one course of RTX. The median time between each course was 219 days (IQR 198-315). During follow-up, 17 (41%) patients reported switching to another biologic, including tocilizumab (n = 8), abatacept (n = 6) and TNF inhibitor (n = 3). Three patients (7%) reported a serious infection on RTX (rate of first serious infection 6.2/100 person-years). Four patients (10%) reported an infusion reaction. Conclusions: This real-world cohort of children with JIA, the majority with polyarticular or extended oligoarticular JIA, showed RTX may be an effective treatment option for children who do not respond to TNF inhibitor, with a low rate of serious infections on treatment.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Reação no Local da Injeção/etiologia , Masculino , Infecções Oportunistas/induzido quimicamente , Sistema de Registros , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(1): 94-102, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137641

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate real-world short-term outcomes among patients with systemic JIA starting tocilizumab or anakinra. Methods: This analysis included all systemic JIA patients within the UK Biologics for Children with Rheumatic Diseases study starting tocilizumab or anakinra between 2010 and 2016. Disease activity was assessed at baseline and one year. At one year the following outcomes were assessed: minimal disease activity, clinically inactive disease, 90% ACR Paediatric response (ACRPedi90). Univariable logistic regression was used to identify baseline characteristics associated with these outcomes. Multiple imputation was used to account for missing data. Results: Seventy-six systemic JIA patients were included (54 tocilizumab; 22 anakinra). More patients starting anakinra as their first biologic compared with tocilizumab (86% vs 63%; P = 0.04), with shorter disease duration (1 vs 2 years; P = 0.003) and higher frequency of prior macrophage activation syndrome (37% vs 8%; P = 0.004). Overall, at one year, 42% achieved ACRPedi90, 51% minimal disease activity, and 39% clinically inactive disease, with similar responses seen between the two drugs. Response was not associated with baseline disease characteristics. Fifteen (20%) patients stopped biologic treatment by one year. Treatment survival was better with tocilizumab (89% at one year vs 59% anakinra; P = 0.002), with three stopping for anakinra injection-related problems. Conclusion: In this real-world cohort of patients with systemic JIA receiving tocilizumab or anakinra, approximately half achieved a minimal disease state by one year. Treatment responses appeared similar between the two therapies albeit with better persistence observed with tocilizumab.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(10): 1405-1412, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) have revolutionised treatment and outcomes for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The expanding repertoire allows the option of switching bDMARD if current treatment is not effective. For some patients, even after switching, disease control remains elusive. This analysis aims to quantify the frequency of, and identify factors associated with, bDMARD refractory disease. METHODS: Patients with RA starting first-line tumour necrosis factor inhibitor in the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for RA from 2001 to 2014 were included. We defined patients as bDMARD refractory on the date they started their third class of bDMARD. Follow-up was censored at last follow-up date, 30 November 2016, or death, whichever came first. Switching patterns and stop reasons of bDMARDs were investigated. Cox regression identified baseline clinical factors associated with refractory disease. Multiple imputation of missing baseline data was used. RESULTS: 867 of 13 502 (6%) patients were bDMARD refractory; median time to third bDMARD class of 8 years. In the multivariable analysis, baseline factors associated with bDMARD refractory disease included patients registered more recently, women, younger age, shorter disease duration, higher patient global assessment, higher Health Assessment Questionnaire score, current smokers, obesity and greater social deprivation. CONCLUSIONS: This first national study has identified the frequency of bDMARD refractory disease to be at least 6% of patients who have ever received bDMARDs. As the choice of bDMARDs increases, patients are cycling through bDMARDs quicker. The aetiopathogenesis of bDMARD refractory disease requires further investigation. Focusing resources, such as nursing support, on these patients may help them achieve more stable, controlled disease.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(3): 362-370, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29533752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In 2011 an ACR/EULAR collaboration developed new remission definitions for RA. In the present study, we evaluated the prevalence and predictive validity of these new ACR/EULAR remission criteria in 4 different European early rheumatoid arthritis cohorts. METHODS: Data from a tot al of 722 patients with early RA were analysed. Presence of remission at 6 months, as defined by one of the 4 proposed ACR/EULAR remission definitions was used to predict good functional and radiological outcome between 1 and 2 years of follow-up. RESULTS: Remission rates at 6 months ranged from 2-17% (Boolean definition) between the four cohorts. The level of HAQ and radiological damage varied between cohorts. Patients in remission at 6 months have an increased likelihood of long-term good outcome in terms of HAQ stability, but not radiographic stability. The performance of the practice definitions of remission was highly similar to the trial definitions. CRP status seems to add little information to the classification of remission in early RA. CONCLUSIONS: In clinical practice, a minority of patients with early RA achieves remission in the first 6 months of treatment. Remission at 6 months is predictive for good HAQ outcome between year 1 and 2 after inclusion, but not radiographic stability.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Radiografia , Indução de Remissão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reumatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sociedades Médicas , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
20.
Res Nurs Health ; 41(2): 173-184, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29315678

RESUMO

When individuals become ill, they want to understand and give meaning to their illness. The interpretation of this illness experience, or illness perception, is influenced by a range of individual, contextual, and cultural factors. Some of these factors may be modifiable by nursing interventions. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate which modifiable factors were correlated with illness perceptions across studies of adults with different chronic somatic diseases. Using search terms tailored to each of four electronic databases, studies retrieved were reviewed by two independent evaluators, and each relevant article was assessed for methodological quality. Results were standardized by calculating correlation coefficients. Fifteen papers on illness perceptions in a variety of chronic diseases met the inclusion criteria. All used standardized measures of illness perceptions. We identified five groups of modifiable correlates of illness perceptions: illness-related factors, psychosocial factors, medication beliefs, information provision and satisfaction with information received, and quality of care. Our findings add to the knowledge of modifiable factors correlated with illness perceptions, including the importance of illness-related factors and psychosocial factors such as anxiety and depression. Knowledge of these correlates can facilitate understanding of patients' illness perceptions and might be useful in tailoring patient education programs.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA