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1.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444930

RESUMO

Fewer studies compared the improvement of plasma lipid levels after different types of surgery, in particular compared to one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB). The aim of our study was to investigate how laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and OAGB impact on weight loss and lipid profile 18 months after surgery, in patients with severe obesity. Forty-six patients treated with OAGB were matched to eighty-eight patients submitted to LSG. Weight loss after OAGB (33.2%) was more evident than after LSG (29.6%) (p = 0.024). The difference in the prevalence of dyslipidemia showed a statistically significant reduction only after OAGB (61% versus 22%, p < 0.001). After adjustment for delta body mass index (BMI), age and sex, we demonstrated a statistically significant decrease of the differences between the changes before and after (delta Δ) the two surgery procedures: Δ total cholesterol values (p < 0.001), Δ low density lipoprotein-cholesterol values (p < 0.001) and Δ triglycerides values (p = 0.007). Patients with severe obesity undergoing to OAGB presented a better improvement of lipid plasma values than LSG patients. The reduction of lipid plasma levels was independent of the significant decrease of BMI after surgery, of age and of sex.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Lipídeos/sangue , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antropometria , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Perda de Peso , Adulto Jovem
3.
JAMA ; 325(3): 254-264, 2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464336

RESUMO

Importance: It is unknown whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) have a positive, neutral, or negative effect on clinical outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Objective: To determine whether discontinuation compared with continuation of ACEIs or ARBs changed the number of days alive and out of the hospital through 30 days. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial of 659 patients hospitalized in Brazil with mild to moderate COVID-19 who were taking ACEIs or ARBs prior to hospitalization (enrolled: April 9-June 26, 2020; final follow-up: July 26, 2020). Interventions: Discontinuation (n = 334) or continuation (n = 325) of ACEIs or ARBs. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the number of days alive and out of the hospital through 30 days. Secondary outcomes included death, cardiovascular death, and COVID-19 progression. Results: Among 659 patients, the median age was 55.1 years (interquartile range [IQR], 46.1-65.0 years), 14.7% were aged 70 years or older, 40.4% were women, and 100% completed the trial. The median time from symptom onset to hospital admission was 6 days (IQR, 4-9 days) and 27.2% of patients had an oxygen saturation of less than 94% of room air at baseline. In terms of clinical severity, 57.1% of patients were considered mild at hospital admission and 42.9% were considered moderate. There was no significant difference in the number of days alive and out of the hospital in patients in the discontinuation group (mean, 21.9 days [SD, 8 days]) vs patients in the continuation group (mean, 22.9 days [SD, 7.1 days]) and the mean ratio was 0.95 (95% CI, 0.90-1.01). There also was no statistically significant difference in death (2.7% for the discontinuation group vs 2.8% for the continuation group; odds ratio [OR], 0.97 [95% CI, 0.38-2.52]), cardiovascular death (0.6% vs 0.3%, respectively; OR, 1.95 [95% CI, 0.19-42.12]), or COVID-19 progression (38.3% vs 32.3%; OR, 1.30 [95% CI, 0.95-1.80]). The most common adverse events were respiratory failure requiring invasive mechanical ventilation (9.6% in the discontinuation group vs 7.7% in the continuation group), shock requiring vasopressors (8.4% vs 7.1%, respectively), acute myocardial infarction (7.5% vs 4.6%), new or worsening heart failure (4.2% vs 4.9%), and acute kidney failure requiring hemodialysis (3.3% vs 2.8%). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients hospitalized with mild to moderate COVID-19 and who were taking ACEIs or ARBs before hospital admission, there was no significant difference in the mean number of days alive and out of the hospital for those assigned to discontinue vs continue these medications. These findings do not support routinely discontinuing ACEIs or ARBs among patients hospitalized with mild to moderate COVID-19 if there is an indication for treatment. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04364893.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Alta do Paciente , SARS-CoV-2 , Suspensão de Tratamento , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Tamanho da Amostra , Choque/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Respir Physiol Neurobiol ; 280: 103475, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512234

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Oxygen supplementation (O2-Suppl) is recommended for pulmonary rehabilitation with higher exercise intensities. However, high-intensity exercise tends toward muscle damage and a greater inflammatory response. We aimed to investigate the effect of O2-Suppl during exercise test (EET) on CRP level and muscle damage (CPK, LDH, lactate) in non-hypoxemic COPD patients. METHODS: Eleven non-depleted patients with COPD (FEV1 65.5 ± 4.3 %) performed two EET (room-air or O2-Suppl-100 %), through a blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled crossover design. CPK, LDH and CRP were measured before, immediately after and 24 h after EET. RESULTS: Exercise time was higher with O2-Suppl (49.9 ± 37.3 %; p = 0.001) and increases in CPK and LDH were observed compared to basal values in the O2-Suppl (28.4UI/L and 28.3 UI/L). The O2-Suppl protocol resulted in a lower increase in CRP (92.1 ± 112.4 % vs. 400.1 ± 384.9 %; p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: O2-Suppl increases exercise-tolerance, resulting in increased muscle injury markers in COPD. However, oxygen supplementation attenuates the inflammatory response, even upon increased physical exercise.

5.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 95(1): E30-E36, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Left atrial dissection (LatD) is a rare and heterogeneous condition affecting many cardiovascular areas. The present article, by the means of personal case report illustration and systemic review of different clinical management, is aimed to give to clinicians further knowledge on this controversial topic. BACKGROUND: LatD is an exceedingly rare but potentially fatal complication of cardiac surgery or catheter-based interventional procedures. Most of the cases are iatrogenic and its incidence is expected to grow due to an increase in the number of percutaneous coronary intervention and structural heart disease procedures. The management of this complication is controversial, and it may depend on related etiologies. METHODS: We have reported our single-case experience and review of the scientific literature, focusing on the decision-making process and the strategical approach by multimodality imaging techniques. RESULTS: Our case of LatD with initial hemodynamic instability was surgically treated. Conservative approach is often employed in literature despite the fact that conservative versus surgical approach is debatable, depending on clinical presentation, hemodynamic stability, multimodal imaging findings, and personal experience of the center. CONCLUSIONS: According to systematic literature review, a watchful-waiting strategy supported by multimodality imaging could be a safe and effective management in stable LatD.


Assuntos
Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Traumatismos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Hematoma/cirurgia , Doença Iatrogênica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/lesões , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos Cardíacos/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Cardíacos/etiologia , Traumatismos Cardíacos/fisiopatologia , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/etiologia , Hematoma/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Seleção de Pacientes , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Cardiol Cases ; 20(1): 11-13, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320946

RESUMO

Rationale: Endovascular treatment of renal artery aneurysms has offered a viable alternative with a high success rate and low procedure-related morbidity and mortality. Patient concerns: A 60-year-old man, having a right renal artery aneurysm involving the main vessel with two arteries (supplying the inferior and superior lobes of the kidney) originating from the aneurysm sac as well. Interventions: A 6 × 28 mm covered stent was inflated in vitro and a side hole was made with a femoral needle in the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) layer, through which a wire was placed in an outside/inside direction in to be inserted in the inferior pole branch. The other wire was inserted inside the main lumen of the stent (to be inserted in the main artery) and the latter, carefully re-crimped on the balloon. This way, the authors guaranteed continuous access to both arteries during aneurysm exclusion and if needed, a second stent could be advanced at the level of the bifurcation to preserve side branch patency. Conclusion: Perforating the PTFE of the stent before its introduction into the vessel and keeping a wire into the side branch could be a good strategy to protect any vessel arising from aneurysmal sac that needs to be excluded..

7.
JAMA Cardiol ; 3(5): 391-399, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29525822

RESUMO

Importance: The bleeding safety of ticagrelor in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolytic therapy remains uncertain. Objective: To evaluate the short-term safety of ticagrelor when compared with clopidogrel in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolytic therapy. Design, Setting and Participants: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, open-label with blinded end point adjudication trial that enrolled 3799 patients (younger than 75 years) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction receiving fibrinolytic therapy in 152 sites from 10 countries from November 2015 through November 2017. The prespecified upper boundary for noninferiority for bleeding was an absolute margin of 1.0%. Interventions: Patients were randomized to ticagrelor (180-mg loading dose, 90 mg twice daily thereafter) or clopidogrel (300-mg to 600-mg loading dose, 75 mg daily thereafter). Patients were randomized with a median of 11.4 hours after fibrinolysis, and 90% were pretreated with clopidogrel. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) major bleeding through 30 days. Results: The mean (SD) age was 58.0 (9.5) years, 2928 of 3799 patients (77.1%) were men, and 2177 of 3799 patients (57.3%) were white. At 30 days, TIMI major bleeding had occurred in 14 of 1913 patients (0.73%) receiving ticagrelor and in 13 of 1886 patients (0.69%) receiving clopidogrel (absolute difference, 0.04%; 95% CI, -0.49% to 0.58%; P < .001 for noninferiority). Major bleeding defined by the Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes criteria and by the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium types 3 to 5 bleeding occurred in 23 patients (1.20%) in the ticagrelor group and in 26 patients (1.38%) in the clopidogrel group (absolute difference, -0.18%; 95% CI, -0.89% to 0.54; P = .001 for noninferiority). The rates of fatal (0.16% vs 0.11%; P = .67) and intracranial bleeding (0.42% vs 0.37%; P = .82) were similar between the ticagrelor and clopidogrel groups, respectively. Minor and minimal bleeding were more common with ticagrelor than with clopidogrel. The composite of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 76 patients (4.0%) treated with ticagrelor and in 82 patients (4.3%) receiving clopidogrel (hazard ratio, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.67-1.25; P = .57). Conclusions and Relevance: In patients younger than 75 years with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, delayed administration of ticagrelor after fibrinolytic therapy was noninferior to clopidogrel for TIMI major bleeding at 30 days. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02298088.


Assuntos
Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos
8.
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging ; 38(3): 351-359, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28402023

RESUMO

Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a strong mortality predictor. Exercise training (ET) and ß-blocker therapy have significant impact on the HRR of patients following myocardial infarction (MI). However, the combination of ET and ß-blocker therapy, as well as its effectiveness in patients with a more compromised HRR (≤12 bpm), has been under-studied. Male patients (n = 64) post-MI were divided: Training + ß-blocker (n = 19), Training (n = 15), ß-blocker (n = 11) and Control (n = 19). Participants performed an ergometric test before and after 3 months of intervention. HRR was obtained during 5 min of recovery and corrected by the cardiac reserve (HRRcorrCR ). Compared to pre-intervention, HRRcorrCR was significantly increased during the 1st and 2nd minutes of recovery in the Training + ß-blocker group (70·5% and 37·5%, respectively; P<0·05). A significant improvement, lasting from the 1st to the 4th minute of recovery, was also observed in the Training group (47%, 50%, 25% and 8·7%, respectively; P<0·05). In contrast, the ß-blocker group showed a reduction in HRRcorrCR during the 2nd and 3rd minutes of recovery (-21·2% and -16·3%, respectively; P<0·05). In addition, interventions involving ET (Training + ßb, Training) were significantly more effective in patients with a pre-intervention HRR ≤ 12 bpm than for patients with HRR > 12 bpm. Combination of ß-blocker therapy with ET does not compromise the effect of training and instead promotes HRR and aerobic capacity improvement. In addition, this combination is particularly beneficial for individuals presenting with a more compromised HRR. However, chronic administration of ß-blocker therapy alone did not promote improvement in HRR or aerobic capacity.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Reabilitação Cardíaca/métodos , Terapia por Exercício , Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/reabilitação , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/efeitos adversos , Reabilitação Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Exercício/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging ; 38: 351-359, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1062061

RESUMO

Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a strong mortality predictor. Exercise training (ET) and β-blocker therapy have significant impact on the HRR of patients following myocardial infarction (MI). However, the combination of ET and β-blocker therapy, as well as its effectiveness in patients with a more compromised HRR (≤12 bpm), has been under-studied. Male patients (n = 64) post-MI were divided: Training + β-blocker (n = 19), Training (n = 15), β-blocker (n = 11) and Control (n = 19). Participants performed an ergometric test before and after 3 months of intervention. HRR was obtained during 5 min of recovery and corrected by the cardiac reserve (HRRcorrCR ). Compared to pre-intervention, HRRcorrCR was significantly increased during the 1st and 2nd minutes of recovery in the Training + β-blocker group (70·5% and 37·5%, respectively; P 12 bpm. Combination of β-blocker therapy with ET does not compromise the effect of training and instead promotes HRR and aerobic capacity improvement. In addition, this combination is particularly beneficial for individuals presenting with a more compromised HRR. However, chronic administration of β-blocker therapy alone did not promote improvement in HRR or aerobic capacity.


Assuntos
Coração , Reabilitação Cardíaca
11.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 21(2): 135-44, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22952290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperammonemia during rest periods is a dysfunction in heart failure (HF). The low formation of ammonia during exercise reflects an inefficiency of purine metabolism. Hyperkalemia in response to physical exercise is common in HF and may contribute to a contractile inefficiency in type II fibers, leading to early fatigue. We tested the hypothesis that during resistance exercise of high intensity and low volume, this disorder of ammonia metabolism would be more intense, due to the hyperkalemia present in HF. METHODS: Alternating resistance exercise (RE) of low intensity and high volume, and high intensity and low volume, were applied to 18 patients with an interval of 7 days between them (functional class II-III New York Heart Association, FE = 33.5 ± 4%) and compared with 22 healthy controls matched for age and gender. Ammonia, potassium and lactate levels were assessed before and immediately after the RE. RESULTS: Significant differences: Deltas (control vs. HF) in 40% RE: lactate (mg/dl) 26.3 ± 10 vs. 37.7 ± 7; p < 0,001, ammonia (ug/dl) 92.5 ± 18 vs. 48.9 ± 9; p < 0.001. Deltas (control vs. HF) in 80%RE: lactate(mg/dl) 45.0 ± 12 vs. 54.1 ± 11; p < 0.05, ammonia(ug/dl) 133.5 ± 22 vs. 32.2 ± 7; p < 0.001, potassium (mEq/L) 1.6 ± 0.4 vs. 2.0 ± 0.8; p < 0.05. A negative correlation was found between the deltas of ammonia and potassium (r = -0.74, p < 0.001) in the HF group. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in HF, there is an inefficiency of purine metabolism that increases with increasing exercise intensity, but not with an increase of total volume. These findings suggest that hyperkalemia may play an important role in the disorders of purine metabolism.


Assuntos
Amônia/sangue , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hiperamonemia/etiologia , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Treinamento de Força , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil , Estudos Cross-Over , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hiperamonemia/sangue , Hiperamonemia/diagnóstico , Hiperamonemia/fisiopatologia , Hiperpotassemia/sangue , Hiperpotassemia/etiologia , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Potássio/sangue , Purinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 21(1): 135-144, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1062627

RESUMO

Background: Hyperammonemia during rest periods is a dysfunction in heart failure (HF). The low formation of ammonia during exercise reflects an inefficiency of purine metabolism. Hyperkalemia in response to physical exercise is common in HF and may contribute to a contractile inefficiency in type II fibers, leading to early fatigue. We tested the hypothesis that during resistance exercise of high intensity and low volume, this disorder of ammonia metabolism would be more intense, due to the hyperkalemia present in HF.Methods: Alternating resistance exercise (RE) of low intensity and high volume, and high intensity and low volume, were applied to 18 patients with an interval of 7 days between them (functional class II-III New York Heart Association, FE = 33.5 ± 4%) and compared with 22 healthy controls matched for age and gender. Ammonia, potassium and lactate levels were assessed before and immediately after the RE.Results: Significant differences: Deltas (control vs. HF) in 40% RE: lactate (mg/dl) 26.3 ± 10 vs. 37.7 ± 7; p < 0,001, ammonia (ug/dl) 92.5 ± 18 vs. 48.9 ± 9; p < 0.001. Deltas (control vs. HF) in 80%RE: lactate(mg/dl) 45.0 ± 12 vs. 54.1 ± 11; p < 0.05, ammonia(ug/dl) 133.5 ± 22 vs. 32.2 ± 7; p < 0.001, potassium (mEq/L) 1.6 ± 0.4 vs. 2.0 ± 0.8; p < 0.05. A negative correlation was found between the deltas of ammonia and potassium (r = −0.74, p < 0.001) in the HF group.Conclusions: We conclude that in HF, there is an inefficiency of purine metabolism that increases with increasing exercise intensity, but not with an increase of total volume. These findings suggest that hyperkalemia may play an important role in the disorders of purine metabolism.


Assuntos
Contração Muscular , Fadiga , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Ácido Láctico
13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 98(4): e70-3, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22735915

RESUMO

Marfan syndrome (MS) is an autosomal dominant disorder that affects multiple organs and systems. Several cardiac alterations are present, with the main ones being aortic root and ascending aorta dilatation, mitral valve prolapse and left ventricle (LV) dilatation. Aerobic exercise has not shown to be a non-drug therapy that promotes anti-remodeling effect in patients with heart failure. This case report describes the echocardiographic changes in a patient with Marfan syndrome during four years of cardiovascular physical therapy.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Síndrome de Marfan/terapia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Adulto , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome de Marfan/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 98(4): e70-e73, abr. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: lil-639428

RESUMO

A Síndrome de Marfan (SM) é uma desordem autossômica dominante que afeta múltiplos órgãos e sistemas. Diversas alterações cardíacas estão presentes, sendo as principais a dilatação da raiz da aorta e da aorta ascendente, o Prolapso de Valva Mitral e a dilatação do Ventrículo Esquerdo (VE). O exercício aeróbico tem-se mostrado um recurso terapêutico não medicamentoso, por promover efeito de antirremodelamento em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. Este relato de caso descreve as alterações ecocardiográficas de um paciente com Síndrome de Marfan durante quatro anos de um programa de fisioterapia cardiovascular.


Marfan syndrome (MS) is an autosomal dominant disorder that affects multiple organs and systems. Several cardiac alterations are present, with the main ones being aortic root and ascending aorta dilatation, mitral valve prolapse and left ventricle (LV) dilatation. Aerobic exercise has not shown to be a non-drug therapy that promotes anti-remodeling effect in patients with heart failure. This case report describes the echocardiographic changes in a patient with Marfan syndrome during four years of cardiovascular physical therapy.


El Síndrome de Marfan (SM) es un desorden autosómico dominante que afecta múltiples órganos y sistemas. Diversas alteraciones cardíacas están presentes, siendo las principales la dilatación de la raíz de la aorta y de la aorta ascendente, el Prolapso de Válvula Mitral y la dilatación del Ventrículo Izquierdo (VI). El ejercicio aeróbico ha mostrado ser un recurso terapéutico no medicamentoso, por promover efecto de antirremodelado en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca. Este relato de caso describe las alteraciones ecocardiográficas de un paciente con Síndrome de Marfan durante cuatro años de un programa de fisioterapia cardiovascular.


Assuntos
Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia por Exercício , Síndrome de Marfan/terapia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Síndrome de Marfan/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
15.
Clin Cancer Res ; 18(3): 850-7, 2012 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22142823

RESUMO

PURPOSE: An efficient adaptive immunity is critical for a longer survival in cancer. We investigated the prognostic value of tumor infiltration by CD8(+) T cells expressing the chemokine-receptor-7 (T(ccr7)) and the correlation between tumor infiltration by T(ccr7) and regulatory CD4(+)FoxP3(+) T cells (T(reg)) in 76 metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients enrolled in a phase III trial. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: T(ccr7) and T(reg) cell infiltration in tumor samples was quantified by immunohistochemistry. The correlation among T(ccr7), T(reg) tumor infiltration, and patients' outcome was evaluated. RESULTS: High T(ccr7) tumor infiltration was predictive of prolonged OS [high vs. low T(ccr7) score: median 38 months (95% CI: 24.5-51.4) vs. 20 months (95% CI: 11.4-28.5); HR = 0.48 (95% CI: 0.24-0.96); P = 0.03] and prolonged progression-free survival [PFS; high vs. low T(ccr7) score: median 12 months (95% CI: 7.7-16.2) vs. 7 months (95% CI: 5.2-8.7); HR = 0.54 (95% CI: 0.28-1.01); P = 0.01] after front-line chemotherapy. Regression analysis did not show correlation between T(ccr7) and T(reg) infiltration levels. However, the cluster of patients showing concomitant high infiltration by both T(ccr7) and T(reg) disclosed a favorable outcome [double high vs. double low tumor infiltration score: median OS = 35 months (95% CI: 20.8-49.1) vs. 17 months (95% CI: 4.6-29.3); HR = 0.32 (95% CI: 0.12-0.87); P = 0.02 and median PFS = 11 months (95% CI: 9.4-12.5) vs. 5 months (95% CI: 2.2-7.7); HR = 0.43 (95% CI: 0.17-1.06); P = 0.01]. CONCLUSIONS: High T(ccr7) tumor infiltration score is a favorable prognostic factor for mCRC. Our findings underline the relevance of microenvironment-related immunologic events for patient outcome.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Receptores CCR7/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Receptores CCR7/biossíntese , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Surg Res ; 169(1): 132-8, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20338587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyethylstarch (HES) is a synthetic polymer of glucose that has been suggested for therapeutic use in long-term plasma expansion. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the infusion of a small volume of HES may provide benefits in systemic and regional hemodynamics and metabolism in a brain-dead canine model compared with large volume crystalloid resuscitation. METHODS: Fourteen mongrel dogs were subjected to a brain-death protocol by consecutive insufflations of a balloon catheter in the epidural space. One hour after induction of brain-death, the animals were randomly assigned to two groups: NS (0.9% NaCl, 33 mL/kg), and HES (6%HES 450/0.7, 17 mL/Kg). Systemic and regional hemodynamics were evaluated using Swan-Ganz, ultrasonic flowprobes, and arterial catheters. Serial blood samples were collected for blood gas, electrolyte, and serum chemistry analysis. Systemic, hepatic, and splanchnic O(2)-derived variables were also calculated. RESULTS: Epidural balloon insufflations induced a significant increase in mean arterial pressure, cardiac output (MAP and CO, respectively), regional blood flow, and systemic vascular resistance. Following the hyperdynamic phase, severe hypotension with normalization of systemic and regional blood flow was observed. Fluid resuscitation induced a prompt increase in MAP, CO, and portal vein blood flow, and a significant reduction in systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance. There were no differences between groups in metabolic indices, liver function tests (LFTs), or renal function tests. HES was more effective than NS in restoring cardiac performance in the first 2h after fluid resuscitation (P < 0.05). Both tested solutions partially and temporarily restored systemic and regional oxygen delivery. CONCLUSION: Small volumes of 6% HES 450/0.7 improved cardiovascular performance and provided the same regional hemodynamic and metabolic benefits of large volumes of isotonic crystalloid solutions.


Assuntos
Morte Encefálica/metabolismo , Morte Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Derivados de Hidroxietil Amido/farmacologia , Substitutos do Plasma/farmacologia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Alanina Transaminase/metabolismo , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Débito Cardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Creatina Quinase/metabolismo , Cães , Glucose/metabolismo , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Resistência Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia
17.
Ann Transplant ; 14(1): 38-46, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19289995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Organs from the so-called marginal donors have been used with a significant higher risk of primary non function than organs retrieved from the optimal donors. We investigated the early metabolic changes and blood flow redistribution in splanchnic territory in an experimental model that mimics marginal brain-dead (BD) donor. MATERIAL/METHODS: Ten dogs (21.3+/-0.9 kg), were subjected to a brain death protocol induced by subdural balloon inflation and observed for 30 min thereafter without any additional interventions. Mean arterial and intracranial pressures, heart rate, cardiac output (CO), portal vein and hepatic artery blood flows (PVBF and HABF, ultrasonic flowprobe), and O(2)-derived variables were evaluated. RESULTS: An increase in arterial pressure, CO, PVBF and HABF was observed after BD induction. At the end, an intense hypotension with normalization in CO (3.0+/-0.2 vs. 2.8+/-2.8 L/min) and PVBF (687+/-114 vs. 623+/-130 ml/min) was observed, whereas HABF (277+/-33 vs. 134+/-28 ml/min, p<0.005) remained lower than baseline values. CONCLUSIONS: Despite severe hypotension induced by sudden increase of intracranial pressure, the systemic and splanchnic blood flows were partially preserved without signs of severe hypoperfusion (i.e. hyperlactatemia). Additionally, the HABF was mostly negatively affected in this model of marginal BD donor. Our data suggest that not only the cardiac output, but the intrinsic hepatic microcirculatory mechanism plays a role in the hepatic blood flow control after BD.


Assuntos
Morte Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Oxigênio/sangue , Circulação Esplâncnica/fisiologia , Animais , Morte Encefálica/metabolismo , Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Cães , Hemodinâmica , Circulação Hepática/fisiologia , Microcirculação , Veia Porta/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional
18.
Hum Pathol ; 37(1): 23-31, 2006 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16360412

RESUMO

We set out to analyze the presence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)/human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) in different neoplasms occurring in East Africa, a region characterized by a high KSHV/HHV-8 seroprevalence rate and endemic Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Our results suggest that, in endemic regions of Africa, KSHV/HHV-8 is predominantly associated with KS, independently of HIV status. During the course of this study, other important information came to light. We found the presence of KSHV/HHV-8 in 2 cases of lymph nodes partially involved by Burkitt's lymphoma and KS and in 1 case of multicentric Castleman disease. Our immunophenotypic and molecular data seem to suggest 2 different mechanisms of viral infection are at work in lymphoid cells. On one hand, when B cells show a latent phase infection with KSHV/HHV-8, after the germinal center reaction, naive B cells become resting memory B cells, similarly to Epstein-Barr virus-infected B cells. On the other hand, when lytic genes such as vIL6 are expressed in naive B cells, they may be driven to differentiate into plasmablasts without undergoing germinal center reaction. Interestingly, among KSHV/HHV-8-positive cases, in those in which there was also lymphoma, the neoplastic cells were negative for KSHV/HHV-8. This further confirms that KSHV/HHV-8 is involved in the neoplastic transformation of only certain types of lymphoma, probably in relation to their precursor infected cell. In conclusion, the maturation stage of KSHV/HHV-8-positive B cells as well as the type of viral infection may well determine the morphological, phenotypic, and clinical characteristics of KSHV/HHV-8-associated lymphomas.


Assuntos
Centro Germinativo/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 8/isolamento & purificação , Linfoma/virologia , Sarcoma de Kaposi/virologia , Adulto , Antígenos Virais , Linfócitos B/patologia , Linfócitos B/virologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/virologia , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/patologia , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/virologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Criança , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Centro Germinativo/patologia , HIV/genética , HIV/isolamento & purificação , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Herpesvirus Humano 8/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 8/imunologia , Humanos , Linfoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares , RNA Viral/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma de Kaposi/patologia
19.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 77(2): 67-86, mar.-abr. 1998. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-224965

RESUMO

Um potente inibidor da sintese de radicais superoxidos, a N2-Mercaptopropionilglicina (N2-MPG), principalmente radicais hidroxila (OH), foi testado como agente preventivo na degradacao metabolica e estrutural do parenquima hepatico no processo de isquemia/reperfusao testando a hipotese de participacao significativa da superoxidacao na necrose do figado. Para tanto foram utilizados 22 ratos e 22 caes, distribuidos em dois grupos. Grupo I com administracao de solucao salina 0,9 por cento e Grupo II (GII) com administracao de N2-MPG. As amostras foram submetidas a estudo laboratorial, radiologico, anatomopatologico e estatistico. Os resultados revelaram uma elevacao das transaminases significativamente menor nos animais tratados com N2-MPG...


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Cães , Masculino , Circulação Hepática , Tiopronina/efeitos adversos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Fígado/patologia , Radicais Livres/farmacocinética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/fisiopatologia
20.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 75(2): 87-99, abr.-jun. 1996. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-177690

RESUMO

A anomalia causada pela alteracao do trajeto da veia azigos propicia a formacao de um lobo acessorio que pode acometer ambos os pulmoes. O conhecimento previo desta variacao anatomica auxilia o medico na escolha da conduta clinico-cirurgica. Os autores propoem uma revisao de literatura associada ao relato de um caso


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Malformação Adenomatoide Cística Congênita do Pulmão/diagnóstico , Pulmão , Veia Ázigos/anormalidades , Pulmão/anatomia & histologia , Pulmão/patologia , Radiografia Torácica/métodos
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