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2.
Front Oncol ; 12: 740787, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35494013

RESUMO

Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common in the female population. Physical training is safe and indicated after surgical treatment for breast cancer. During exercise, body temperature changes due to tissue metabolic activity; in this sense, infrared thermography is used to map the thermal patterns of the body surface. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using thermography during a physical rehabilitation program in mastectomized patients by analyzing the change in body temperature caused by physical exercise in the breast region. Methodology: This is a simple and covert clinical trial, in which the sample was constituted for convenience. The women were submitted to a supervised physical exercise protocol, three times a week, for 20 sessions. They were evaluated in the first, tenth, and twentieth sessions in relation to changes in body temperature in the breast region (infrared thermography). Results: Twenty patients who underwent mastectomy surgery were recruited. No patient had drain infection, scar dehiscence, or lymphedema, and only one patient had seroma removed. The mean age was 50.45 ± 2.00 years, and the body mass index (BMI) was 28.95 ± 1.11 kg/m2. In the body thermography of the patients' breast region, no significant difference was observed when comparing the thermograms of the plastron region of the patients in the first, tenth, and twentieth sessions (p = 0.201). However, when comparing the plastron region with the control breast, a reduction in temperature was observed in the operated region in the first (p = 0.012) and tenth sessions (p = 0.004). Conclusion: Through this study, we can conclude that the use of infrared thermography is viable for the analysis of the body temperature of mastectomized patients during a supervised physical exercise protocol and, therefore, suggest that this instrument is increasingly used in the cancer public.

5.
BrJP ; 3(4): 374-380, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153255

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is considered a current that should not be applied in pregnant women to avoid adverse effects. This systematic review aimed to analyze the scientific evidence about the use of TENS during pregnancy. CONTENTS: This study was conducted on November 2019 by searching the electronic databases: Pubmed, Scielo, LILACS, Science Direct, Cochrane Library and PEDro. The following descriptors were used: "transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation" combined with "pregnancy". Only randomized clinical trials that investigated the use of TENS during pregnancy were selected. Methodological quality was assessed by using the Cochrane Collaboration Tool (RevMan 5.3 software). Studies were classified according to the risk of bias (low, high or unclear). From 691 eligible publications, only two randomized clinical trials were selected according to inclusion criteria. Low risk of bias was detected in most items in one study and high risk for performance, detection and reporting bias were evidenced in the other study. Other bias (TENS intensity control by patient) was considered unclear in both studies. CONCLUSION: There is not enough support that TENS neither reduces pain intensity nor causes adverse effects in pregnant patients.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (TENS) é considerada uma corrente não recomendada para gestantes a fim de evitar efeitos adversos. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as evidências científicas sobre o uso da TENS durante a gestação. CONTEÚDO: Estudo realizado em novembro de 2019 pela busca nas seguintes bases de dados: Pubmed, Scielo, LILACS, Science Direct, Cochrane Library e PEDro. Os descritores "transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation" e "pregnancy" foram utilizados. Ensaios clínicos randomizados que investigaram o uso da TENS durante a gestação foram selecionados. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada através da Ferramenta da Colaboração Cochrane (software RevMan 5.3). A partir de 691 estudos encontrados, somente dois estudos clínicos randomizados foram selecionados de acordo com os critérios de inclusão. Baixo risco de viés foi detectado na maioria dos itens em um dos estudos e alto risco de viés de desempenho, detecção e relato foram evidenciados em outro estudo. Outro viés, como controle da intensidade da TENS pelo paciente, foi considerado incerto em ambos os estudos. CONCLUSÃO: Não há evidências científicas suficientes que suportem a redução da intensidade de dor nem a ocorrência de efeitos adversos promovidas pela TENS em pacientes gestantes.

8.
BrJP ; 3(2): 99-104, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132010

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia is a complex syndrome, characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain and the reduction of physical/functional performance as a major comorbidity. Pharmacological treatment of fibromyalgia has limited effectiveness, making it important to study non-pharmacological therapies, emphasizing physical activity, cognitive behavioral therapy and distracting techniques. Environment enrichment and physical activity have been used in the treatment of diseases associated with increases in peripheral and central nociceptive activity. The objective of this study was the investigation of environmental enrichment, a technique based on physical, sensory and cognitive stimulation, and voluntary physical activity for hyperalgesia prevention in an experimental model of fibromyalgia. METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were split into four groups: 1. environmental enrichment, 2. physical activity, 3. environmental enrichment plus physical activity and 4. control and kept in these protocols for 4 weeks. Next, diffuse chronic muscle pain was induced by a double injection of acidic saline in the left gastrocnemius muscle. Mechanical paw withdrawal threshold, thermal latency, neuromuscular activity and ambulation in six different moments were assessed: baseline, after the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th weeks and 24 hours after chronic muscle pain induction. RESULTS: Animals kept in the environmental enrichment plus physical activity protocol showed increased mechanical threshold, thermal latency, neuromuscular activity and ambulation even after the acidic saline injections. CONCLUSION: These results suggest association between environmental enrichment and physical activity as a strategy for chronic musculoskeletal pain prevention and physical performance optimization in a diffuse chronic muscle pain model.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A fibromialgia é uma síndrome complexa, caracterizada por dor musculoesquelética crônica generalizada, tendo como principal comorbidade a redução do desempenho físico/funcional. O tratamento farmacológico da fibromialgia tem eficácia limitada, tornando importante o estudo de terapias não farmacológicas, enfatizando a atividade física, terapia cognitivo-comportamental e técnicas de distração. O enriquecimento ambiental e a atividade física têm sido utilizados no tratamento de doenças associadas ao aumento da atividade nociceptiva periférica e central. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o enriquecimento ambiental, uma técnica baseada na estimulação física, sensorial e cognitiva e atividade física voluntária para prevenção de hiperalgesia em um modelo experimental de fibromialgia. MÉTODOS: Vinte e quatro ratos Wistar machos foram divididos em quatro grupos: 1. enriquecimento ambiental, 2. atividade física, 3. enriquecimento ambiental somado a atividade física e 4. controle, e mantidos nesses protocolos por 4 semanas. A dor muscular crônica difusa foi induzida por uma injeção dupla de salina ácida no músculo gastrocnêmio esquerdo. Foram avaliados o limiar mecânico de retirada da pata, latência térmica, atividade neuromuscular e deambulação em seis momentos diferentes: basal, após a 1ª, 2ª, 3ª e 4ª semanas e 24h após a indução crônica da dor muscular. RESULTADOS: Os animais mantidos no protocolo de enriquecimento ambiental somado a atividade física apresentaram aumento do limiar mecânico, latência térmica, atividade neuromuscular e deambulação mesmo após injeções de salinas ácidas. CONCLUSÃO: Esses resultados sugerem a associação entre enriquecimento ambiental e atividade física como estratégia para prevenção da dor musculoesquelética e déficit motor em modelo de fibromialgia.

9.
BrJP ; 3(1): 73-85, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089150

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Joint mobilization is a non-pharmacological technique used to treat chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, it is controversial due to a lack of studies comparing its effects on this painful condition. The objective of this study was to assess the risk of bias in clinical trials investigating the effect of joint mobilization on chronic musculoskeletal pain. CONTENTS: A systematic search on Pubmed, Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect, Scielo, PEDro, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, BVS, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Scopus was performed on September 2019 from the combination of three keywords: Musculoskeletal Manipulations AND Chronic Pain AND Musculoskeletal Pain. Randomized controlled clinical trials that evaluated the use of joint mobilization associated or not to other therapies in chronic musculoskeletal pain treatment were included. Five thousand five hundred eighty-seven articles were screened, and 14 studies were analyzed, including 812 participants, with a mean age of 54 years, and female being the most affected. According to these articles, joint mobilization promoted the reduction of pain intensity in short and long terms, increase in range of motion, strength and function when used alone or in association with conventional physiotherapy. Regarding methodological quality, most of the studies were classified with low risk for selection, performance, detection and reporting bias. In the "other bias" item, which considered therapists experience time and types of treatment applied, only one study presented low risk and other study presented an unclear risk. CONCLUSION: Joint mobilization seems to be an effective technique for the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, it is still necessary to investigate and compile studies with greater methodological quality, thus promoting greater support to evidence-based practice.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Mobilização articular é uma técnica não farmacológica usada no tratamento da dor musculoesquelética crônica. No entanto, é controverso devido à falta de estudos que comparem seus efeitos sobre essa condição de dor. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o risco de viés em ensaios clínicos que investigam o efeito da mobilização articular na dor musculoesquelética crônica. CONTEÚDO: Foi realizada uma busca sistematizada no Pu-bmed, Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect, Scielo, PEDro, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, BVS, PsycINFO, Web of Science e Scopus em setembro de 2019 com a combinação de três palavras-chave: Musculoskeletal Manipulations AND Chronic Pain AND Musculoskeletal Pain. Ensaios clínicos controlados e aleatorizados que avaliaram o uso de mobilização articular associada ou não a outras terapias no tratamento da dor muscu-loesquelética crônica foram incluídos. Foram encontrados 5587 artigos e analisados 14 estudos, incluindo 812 participantes, com idade média de 54 anos, sendo o sexo feminino o mais afetado. Nestes, a mobilização articular promoveu redução da dor em curto e longo prazo, amplitude de movimento, força e melhora da função quando utilizado isoladamente ou em associação à fisioterapia convencional. Em relação à qualidade metodológica, a maioria dos estudos foi classificada com baixo risco para seleção, desempenho, detecção e viés de relato. No item "other bias", que considerou terapeutas com tempo de experiência e tipos de tratamento aplicados, apenas um estudo apresentou baixo risco e outro estudo apresentou risco incerto. CONCLUSÃO: Mobilizaç ão articular parece ser uma técnica eficaz para o tratamento da dor musculoesquelética crônica. No entanto, é necessário realizar estudos com maior qualidade metodológica, promovendo maior apoio à prática baseada em evidências.

10.
J Aging Res ; 2019: 5315376, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871788

RESUMO

Aim: To analyze the efficacy of functional training (FT) and traditional training (TT) in body composition and determinants of physical fitness in older women. Methods: This is a randomized clinical trial in which participants performed two 12-week periods of different training methods, separated by eight weeks of washout. Forty-eight physically active older women (≥60 years of age) completed the intervention in three groups: (i) program that started with FT and ended with TT (FT ⟶ TT: n = 19), (ii) program that started with TT and ended with FT (TT ⟶ FT: n = 13), and (iii) stretching group (SG: n = 16). Before and after the interventions, the body composition was evaluated by bioimpedance, the physical fitness by battery of the Senior Fitness Test, and the quality of movement by Functional Movement Screen®. Results: Compared with SG, TT ⟶ FT and FT ⟶ TT promoted significant improvements in balance/agility (13.60 and 13.06%, respectively) and upper limb strength (24.91 and 16.18%). Only FT showed a statistically significant improvement in the strength of the lower limbs, cardiorespiratory capacity, and movement patterns when compared with SG considering the adaptations of methods separately. Conclusion: The programs used are equally effective in increasing physical fitness for daily activities in physically active older women, and therefore, they may be complementary to combat some of the deleterious effects of senescence.

11.
Front Physiol ; 10: 1490, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31920697

RESUMO

Research regarding the relationship between core muscle endurance and performance is limited. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between core/trunk endurance and athletic performance. Seventy-four healthy participants between 18 and 45 years old participated in this study (Age: 26.0 ± 6.5 years; Mass: 74.6 ± 12.8 kg; Height: 1.74 ± 0.08 m; BMI: 19.0 ± 6.8 kg/m2). The core endurance was measured using the McGill protocol, consisting of the following tests: trunk flexion, back extension, and side-bridge. Functional performance was evaluated with push-ups, sit to stand, T-run test, countermovement jump (CMJ), Yo-Yo test, maximum dynamic strength-one repetition maximum (1RM) and muscle power on the bench press, pull row, and leg press. The regression results between the McGill protocol (proxy for core/trunk endurance) and the dependent variables were: 1RM pull row: r 2 = 0.109 with p = 0.046; RM bench press: r 2 = 0.149 with p = 0.012; RM leg press: r 2 = 0.144 with p = 0.013 and power pull row: r 2 = 0.151 with p = 0.016; power bench press: r 2 = 0.136 with p = 0.026; power leg press: r 2 = 0.122 with p = 0.013), push-ups: r 2 = 0.157 with p < 0.001, sit to stand: r 2 = 0.198 with p < 0,001), functional movement score: r 2 = 0.209 with p < 0.001). Nevertheless, core endurance scores were not able to predict jump ability (r 2 = 0.014, p = 0.807) or agility (T-test: 0.036 with p = 0.497). In conclusion, core endurance exerted no significant influence the agility and jump performance but influenced the ability to run intermittently, exert maximum power and strength in different actions (push, pull, and lift exercises) related to the better quality of movement (FMS).

12.
F1000Res ; 82019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047594

RESUMO

Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by generalized chronic musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia in specific points, and psychosomatic symptoms, such as fatigue, sleep disturbances (waking unrefreshed), anxiety, depression, cognitive dysfunction, headache, and gastrointestinal disorders. Investigations with non-pharmacological therapies, focused on physical therapy, have increased in recent years as alternative therapies for the treatment of fibromyalgia. The purpose of this review is to summarize the main physical therapy modalities used to treat fibromyalgia.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Humanos
13.
J Pain Res ; 11: 2969-2980, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30538536

RESUMO

Background: Procedural pain is a frequent problem in intensive care units (ICUs). For that, pain assessment has been increasingly introduced to the ICU professional's routine, and studies have been developed to show the relevance of measuring pain in critically ill patients. Objective: This review aimed to describe pain measurement techniques for mechanically ventilated adult patients based on evidence and already published. Method: Systematic literature search was performed on PubMed and Google Scholar. Keywords "pain", "pain measurement", "intensive care units" and "respiration, artificial" were combined to the Boolean operator AND. No language or publication year was limited in this search. The purpose and method of all papers were analyzed and only studies which described pain assessment in mechanically ventilated patients were included in this review. Results: Objective methods were found in the literature to assess pain in mechanically ventilated adults. Behavioral scales were the most used method for pain measurement in noncommunicative patients. Vital signs were used, but the reliability of this method was questioned. Pupillometry, bispectral index and skin conductance were found and described as pain assessment methods. Conclusion: This review showed that objective measures, as behavioral scales, are the gold standard tools to measure pain intensity in noncommunicative subjects. These data contribute to professionals' knowledge about ICU pain measurement and emphasize its importance and consequences for adequate pain management.

14.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 25(1): 107-114, jan.-mar. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-892167

RESUMO

ABSTRACT High-intensity and widespread muscle pain is the main complaint of patients with fibromyalgia. Interferential current is a treatment often used in pain relief; however, its effects on these patients are unclear. The objective of this review was to analyze the effects of interferential current therapy on the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia in previously published scientific articles. We searched the following databases: Central, CINAHL, Lilacs, PEDro, Medline (PubMed), SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus and Web of Science on November 2016. We included only controlled clinical trials and had no restrictions for language and date of publication. We used the Cochrane Collaboration's tool to assess the risk of bias of the articles. We found a total of 415 articles, however, only four of them were selected for analysis. Three of these studies were excluded because they were not controlled clinical trials. Thus, only one study was analyzed for this review. According to the study the combination of ultrasound and interferential current improved pain relief and the sleep quality of patients with fibromyalgia. However, the study presented a high risk of bias, being impossible to verify the isolated effect of the interferential current in those patients. Randomized controlled studies on the use of interferential current in patients with fibromyalgia are lacking on literature. The results of this review evidence the importance of developing future studies with adequate methodological design and using only interferential current therapy to improve the use of this therapy for these patients in this clinical setting.


RESUMO A dor muscular generalizada de alta intensidade é a principal queixa de pacientes com fibromialgia. A corrente interferencial é um tratamento frequentemente utilizado no alívio da dor, porém, seus efeitos nesses pacientes não estão claros ainda. Assim, esta revisão objetivou analisar os efeitos da corrente interferencial no tratamento de pacientes com fibromialgia em artigos científicos previamente publicados. As bases de dados Central, CINAHL, Lilacs, PEDro, Medline (PubMed), SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus e Web of Science foram pesquisadas em novembro de 2016. Somente ensaios clínicos controlados, sem restrições de idioma e período de publicação foram incluídos. A ferramenta da Colaboração Cochrane foi utilizada para avaliar o risco de viés dos artigos. Dessa forma, um total de 415 artigos foram encontrados e apenas quatro deles foram selecionados para análise. Três artigos foram excluídos por não serem ensaios clínicos controlados. Assim, apenas um artigo foi analisado para esta revisão. Neste estudo, a combinação do ultrassom com a corrente interferencial melhorou a dor e a qualidade do sono de pacientes com fibromialgia. No entanto, apresentou-se alto risco de viés e não foi possível verificar o efeito isolado da corrente interferencial nesses pacientes. Existe uma grande carência de estudos controlados, com distribuição aleatória, sobre o uso de corrente interferencial em pacientes com fibromialgia. Os resultados desta revisão evidenciam a importância do desenvolvimento de estudos futuros, com desenho metodológico adequado e terapia independente com corrente interferencial, a fim de melhorar a indicação da corrente para esses pacientes na prática clínica.


RESUMEN El dolor muscular generalizado de alta intensidad es la principal reclamación de pacientes con fibromialgia. Un tratamiento frecuentemente empleado para aliviar este dolor es la corriente interferencial, pero sus efectos todavía no son conocidos. Teniendo en consideración este hecho, el propósito de esta investigación es comprobar los efectos de la corriente interferencial en el tratamiento de los pacientes con fibromialgia publicados en los artículos de investigación. Se buscaron estos trabajos en las bases de datos Central, CINAHL, Lilacs, PEDro, Medline (PubMed), SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus y Web of Science en noviembre de 2016. Se incluyeron solamente ensayos controlados, sin restricción de idiomas o periodos de publicación. Se utilizó la herramienta Colaboración Cochrane para evaluar el riesgo del sesgo de los trabajos. De esta manera, fueron encontrados 415 trabajos, de estos, solamente cuatro fueron seleccionados para análisis. Se excluyeron tres trabajos porque no eran ensayos controlados, siendo analizado solamente uno en la investigación. En este trabajo analizado, los tratamientos con ultrasonido y con corriente interferencial ayudaron a mejorar el dolor y la calidad del sueño de los pacientes con fibromialgia, sin embargo, el trabajo presentó alto riesgo de sesgo, no siendo posible comprobar solamente el efecto de la corriente interferencial en estos pacientes. Hay muy pocos estudios controlados aleatorizados sobre el empleo de la corriente interferencial en pacientes con fibromialgia. Los resultados de esta revisión demuestran la importancia de desarrollar futuras investigaciones con marco metodológico adecuado y terapia independiente con corriente interferencial a fin de mejorar la indicación de este tratamiento para pacientes con fibromialgia en la práctica clínica.

15.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 30(3): 493-500, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-892013

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Surgery for breast cancer can impair range of motion (ROM) and functionality of upper limb (UL). Objective: To compare ROM and functional performance of homolateral UL after physiotherapeutic approach and to correlate these variables. Methods: A non-randomized clinical trial study enrolled 33 women who were submitted to mastectomy or quadrantectomy associated with axillary lymphadenectomy. ROM was assessed by homolateral UL and contralateral limb (control) goniometry. Functional performance was assessed by "Disability of arm, shoulder and hand" (DASH) questionnaire. The protocol consisted in 10 sessions (3 sessions per week during 60 minutes), involving passive mobilization of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joint, soft tissue mobilization, neck muscles and upper limb muscles stretching, exercises in all planes of motion, applied alone or in combination. Weight bearing exercise with elastic bands and dumbbells from 0.5 to 1.0 kilograms were also applied. Results: There was a meaningful increase in ROM of all movements after physiotherapy; however, flexion, abduction and lateral rotation remained lower than control limb. DASH score decreased significantly from 28.06 ± 16.1 to 15.71 ± 10.7 (p = 0.001) meaning an improvement in functional performance of UL. No correlation was observed between ROM and DASH. Conclusion: Functional performance and ROM, after 10 physiotherapy sessions, improved significantly, however, a long-term follow-up can contribute to further improvement.


Resumo Introdução: A cirurgia para câncer de mama pode prejudicar a amplitude de movimento (ADM) e causar impacto negativo na funcionalidade do membro superior (MS). Objetivo: Comparar a ADM e desempenho funcional do MS homolateral à cirurgia após a abordagem fisioterapêutica, além de correlacionar estas variáveis. Métodos: Foi conduzido um ensaio clínico não randomizado, envolvendo 33 mulheres submetidas à mastectomia ou quadrantectomia associada à linfonodectomia axilar. A ADM foi avaliada pela goniometria do MS homolateral à cirurgia e do membro contralateral (controle). O desempenho funcional foi avaliado pelo questionário "Deficiência do ombro, braço e mão" (DASH). Foram realizadas 10 sessões (3 sessões semanais com duração de 60 minutos), envolvendo mobilização passiva da articulação glenoumeral e escapulotorácica; mobilização cicatricial; alongamento da musculatura cervical e MMSS; exercícios ativos-livres em todos os planos de movimento, aplicados isoladamente ou combinados. Para os exercícios resistidos, utilizaram-se faixas elásticas e halteres de 0,5 a 1,0 kg. Resultados: Encontrou-se aumento significativo da ADM de todos os movimentos após a fisioterapia, mas a flexão, abdução e rotação lateral ainda estavam inferiores em relação ao membro controle. O escore total do DASH diminuiu significativamente de 28,06±16,1 para 15,71±10,7 (p=0,001) indicando melhora do desempenho funcional do MS. Nenhuma correlação foi observada entre a ADM e o DASH. Conclusão: A realização de 10 sessões de fisioterapia melhorou a ADM e o desempenho funcional do MS homolateral à cirurgia, mas acompanhamentos em um prazo mais longo podem contribuir para ganhos adicionais.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Mastectomia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Terapia por Exercício
16.
ABCS health sci ; 42(2): 66-72, ago. 29, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-849011

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: Além da qualidade do cuidado, estrutura física e acesso ao serviço de saúde, a assistência humanizada no processo de nascimento deve refletir sobre a experiência de dor e satisfação da mulher. OBJETIVO: Comparar a satisfação e a percepção de dor vivenciada pela mulher no parto vaginal e na cesariana. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo de corte transversal envolvendo puérperas. Foram aplicados: "Questionário de Experiência e Satisfação com o Parto" (QESP) modificado, versão curta do "questionário de dor McGill" e "esquema de representação corporal feminino". RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistadas 150 puérperas. Após a cesariana, demonstraram maior satisfação quanto à forma que decorreu o trabalho de parto (TP) (p=0,01) e menos satisfação em relação à dor no pós-parto (PP) (p=0,04). As de parto vaginal estavam mais satisfeitas sobre como decorreu o PP (p=0,02) e menos satisfeitas com a intensidade de dor no TP (p=0,03) e no parto (P) (p=0,01). As características dolorosas durante o TP e P foram aguda e cruel-punitiva. Em relação ao PP, a dor em baixo ventre foi mais relatada após a cesariana. A intensidade dolorosa no TP foi significativamente maior no parto vaginal (7,30 (±2,82) versus 5,86 (±3,51), (p=0,007). CONCLUSÃO: As que realizaram cesariana estavam mais satisfeitas como decorreu o TP e menos satisfeitas em relação à dor no PP. As de parto vaginal estavam mais satisfeitas com a forma que decorreu o PP e menos satisfeitas com a intensidade de dor no TP e P.


INTRODUCTION: In addition to the quality of care, physical structure and access to health services, a humanized care during birth process should reflect on the women's experience of pain and satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To compare the satisfaction and perception of pain experienced by women during vaginal and cesarean delivery processes. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study involving women in the immediate postpartum period. The modified "Experience and Satisfaction with Childbirth Questionnaire" ("Questionário de Experiência e Satisfação com o Parto" ­ QESP), the short version of "McGill pain questionnaire" and the "female body representation scheme" were used. RESULTS: 150 postpartum women were interviewed. After cesarean section demonstrated more satisfaction regarding the way the labor (LB) was carried out (p=0.01) and less satisfaction with pain in the postpartum period (PP) (p=0.04). Those submitted to vaginal delivery were more satisfied with their PP (p=0.02) and less satisfied with the intensity of pain during LB (p=0.03) and at birth (B) (p=0.01). The pain described during LB and B were "acute" and "cruel-punitive". In relation to PP, pain in the lower belly was more often reported after cesarean sections. Pain intensity during LB was significantly higher in vaginal labor (7,30 (±2,82) versus 5,86 (±3,51), (p=0,007). CONCLUSION: The perform cesarean sections were more satisfied with the way LB was carried out and less satisfied in relation to pain in the PP. Women who underwent vaginal labor were more satisfied with the PP and less satisfied with the intensity of pain during LB and at B.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Trabalho de Parto , Cesárea , Satisfação do Paciente , Dor do Parto , Período Pós-Parto , Parto Normal , Maternidades
17.
Rev. dor ; 18(1): 72-78, Jan.-Mar. 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-845168

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To introduce the curriculum in Pain for Graduation in Physiotherapy, suggesting its use for academic training in Brazil. CONTENTS: Considering that physiotherapists should be prepared to engage in the health care professional team assisting patients with different kinds of pain understanding the role of each professional, a group of physiotherapists with academic and clinical experience in pain treatment has developed, after consensus, this curriculum of pain for physiotherapy, which highlights the role of this professional in the health care team and the development of a therapeutic relationship with patients, favoring patients' autonomy and education, as well as the strategies for pain evaluation and management. CONCLUSION: The specific content of this pain curriculum can be integrated into different programs/courses, using the most adequate structure and educational method with regard to professional needs and their demands. Physical therapy, pain and models of academic training in health are discussed.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Apresentar e divulgar o currículo em dor para graduação em Fisioterapia, sugerindo sua utilização para formação acadêmica no Brasil. CONTEÚDO: Considerando que o fisioterapeuta deve ser preparado para integrar a equipe profissional de cuidados de pacientes com diferentes tipos de dor, compreendendo a atuação de cada profissional, um grupo de fisioterapeutas com experiência acadêmica e clínica no tratamento da dor elaborou, após consenso, o currículo nuclear de dor para fisioterapia, o qual destaca o papel desse profissional na equipe e na construção de uma relação terapêutica com os pacientes, favorecendo autonomia e educação do paciente, além das estratégias para avaliação e manuseio da dor. CONCLUSÃO: O conteúdo específico deste currículo de dor pode ser integrado em diferentes programas/cursos, usando a estrutura e o método educacional mais adequado no que tange às necessidades profissionais locais e as suas demandas. Discute-se a fisioterapia, a dor e modelos de formação acadêmica em saúde.

18.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 96(6): 424-429, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27820729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to investigate the effect of dance in the functionality and psychosocial adjustment of young subjects with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-six young subjects with CP, GMFCS (Gross Motor Function Classification System) levels from II to V, were randomized into two intervention groups: kinesiotherapy and dance (n = 13 each). Twenty-four sessions (1 hour, twice a week) were performed in both groups. Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) by International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) were used before and after each intervention. RESULTS: Dance increased the classification of functioning (P = 0.001), independence function (P = 0.004), self-care (P = 0.01), mobility (P = 0.008), locomotion (P = 0.01), communication (P = 0.02), psychosocial adjustments (P = 0.04), and cognitive function (P = 0.03). Intergroup analysis evidenced significantly greater improvements in classification of functioning (P = 0.0002), independence function (P = 0.0006), self-care (P = 0.01), mobility (P = 0.001), locomotion (P = 0.002), communication (P = 0.0001), psychosocial adjustments (P = 0.002), and cognitive function (P = 0.0001) in dance group. CONCLUSIONS: It was shown that this approach could have an influence on basic common points in the body and motion, including emotional and social aspects, supporting the concept of complex multimodal psychomotor adjustments. Dance promoted enhancement on functionality and social activities regarding psychosocial adjustments in cerebral palsy young subjects.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral/psicologia , Paralisia Cerebral/reabilitação , Dançaterapia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Adolescente , Adulto , Paralisia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Locomoção/fisiologia , Masculino , Autocuidado , Ajustamento Social , Adulto Jovem
19.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 30(supl.1): 285-295, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-892068

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: After breast cancer surgery, many women may present quality of life (QOL) impairment due to the presence of discomfort as dysesthesia in the anterolateral region of the chest, armpit and/or medial part of the arm caused by intercostobrachial nerve injury (ICBN). Objective: To investigate the effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) on dysesthesia intensity at the intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) dermatome and QOL in women after breast cancer surgery. Methods: A randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial was conducted. Women undergoing axillary lymphadenectomy (AL), with dysesthesia on ICBN dermatome were included. Patients were divided into active and placebo TENS groups. TENS was applied with a frequency of 100 Hz, pulse duration of 100 µs and amplitude at the highest sensory intensity tolerable for 20 minutes during 20 sessions, three times a week, on alternating days. In the placebo TENS group, electrical current was delivered only during the first 45 seconds of application. Skin sensitivity was assessed by esthesiometry. Dysesthesia intensity was assessed with a visual analogue scale (VAS) and QOL with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the specific EORTC QLQ-BR23 which is the Breast Cancer Module. Results: VAS decreased significantly over the 20 sessions in the active TENS group (p<0.006) and no difference was found between groups. There weren't significant differences in EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-BR23 after 20 sessions or between groups. Conclusion: TENS decreased dysesthesia intensity in the ICBN dermatome after breast cancer surgery, but did not improve quality of life.


Resumo Introdução: Após cirurgia para câncer de mama, muitas mulheres podem apresentar prejuízo na qualidade de vida (QV) pela presença do desconforto como disestesia na região anterolateral do tórax, axila e/ou parte medial do braço, causada pela lesão do nervo intercostobraquial (NICB). Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos da Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea (TENS) na intensidade da disestesia no dermátomo do NICB e na QV após cirurgia de câncer de mama. Métodos: Ensaio clínico, controlado, randomizado, duplo-cego. Mulheres submetidas à linfadenectomia axilar (LA), com disestesia no dermátomo do NICB foram distribuídas em: TENS placebo e TENS ativo (um par de eletrodos autoadesivos) no trajeto do NICB, frequência de 100 Hz, duração de pulso de 100 µs, e amplitude no limiar sensorial máximo tolerado pela paciente, por 20 minutos, durante 20 sessões, três vezes na semana. A sensibilidade da pele foi avaliada através da estesiometria e foi considerada disestesia a partir do terceiro monofilamento (2,48 g). A intensidade da disestesia foi avaliada através da Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) e a QV com o EORTC QLQ-C30 e o EORTC QLQ-BR23. Resultados: A intensidade da disestesia diminuiu significativamente ao longo das 20 sessões no grupo TENS ativa (p<0,006), mas não houve diferença entre os grupos. Não houve diferenças significativas na QV após as 20 sessões entre os grupos. Conclusão: A TENS foi capaz de diminuir a intensidade da disestesia no dermátomo do NICB, mas não melhorou a qualidade de vida.


Assuntos
Feminino , Parestesia , Neoplasias da Mama , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Cirurgia Geral , Amplitude de Ondas Sísmicas
20.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 16(1): 518, 2016 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27978834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have used placebo acupuncture methods in recent years as a way for blinding therapeutic effect of acupuncture, however placebo method selection has not followed enough methodological criteria to the point of stabilishing a consensus of what should be the best method to be used. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of three different placebo acupuncture methods for blinding applied in healthy subjects. METHODS: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Sergipe with the number 47193015.5.0000.5546 and all individuals participating in the study signed a free and informed consent. For this study, 321 healthy volunteers were randomly divided into seven groups using the abdominal point stomach (ST) 25 and seven groups using the lumbar point bladder (Bl) 52 for stimulation. For real acupuncture procedure, three different methods of placebo acupuncture plus a mix between real acupuncture and placebo applied in the same individual, totaling fourteen groups in this study. Outcome assessments were performed before and immediately after applying the technique. Investigator who assessed variables had no knowledgement about the method was applied. Identification, weight and height were measured before puncture by using. At the end, subjects were asked if they believed they were receiving real or placebo acupuncture. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between groups for the perception about the type o stimulation (wheter real or placebo puncture). Percentage of subjects who reported to have received real acupuncture in the abdominal point was 69.56% in real group, 86.95% in group Park Sham, 82.60% in needle + foam, 91.30% in insertion and removal, 78.26% in real + Park Sham, 86.36% in real + needle and foam, 86.95% in real + insertion and removal, and for the lumbar point was 86.36% in real group, 86.95% in group Park Sham, 69.56% in needle + foam, 72% in insertion and removal, 86.95% in real + Park Sham, 81.81% in real + needle and foam and 78.26% in real + insertion and removal. CONCLUSION: All placebo acupuncture methods proposed in this study were equally effective for bliding the study participants using either abdominal or lumbar acupoints, and none of the placebo methods presented benefit compared to the other to be used in future clinical trials. ETHICS COMMITTEE: Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), number of approval: 47193015.5.0000.5546 TRIAL REGISTRATION: ensaiosclinicos.gov.br RBR-3w2p32 Registered in 28th January 2016.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/instrumentação , Terapia por Acupuntura/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Agulhas , Percepção , Efeito Placebo , Adulto Jovem
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