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1.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4739, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To use magnetic resonance imaging to assess the prevalence of foot and ankle ligament injuries and fractures associated with ankle sprain and not diagnosed by x-ray. METHODS: We included 180 consecutive patients with a history of ankle sprain, assessed at a primary care service in a 12-month period. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were recorded and described. RESULTS: Approximately 92% of patients had some type of injury shown on the magnetic resonance imaging. We found 379 ligament injuries, 9 osteochondral injuries, 19 tendinous injuries and 51 fractures. Only 14 magnetic resonance imaging tests (7.8%) did not show any sort of injury. We observed a positive relation between injuries of the lateral complex, syndesmosis and medial ligaments. However, there was a negative correlation between ankle ligament injuries and midfoot injuries. CONCLUSION: There was a high rate of injuries secondary to ankle sprains. We found correlation between lateral ligament injuries and syndesmosis and deltoid injuries. We did not observe a relation between deltoid and syndesmosis injuries or between lateral ligamentous and subtalar injuries. Similarly, no relation was found between ankle and midfoot injuries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cartilagem Articular/lesões , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
2.
Am J Sports Med ; 47(5): 1194-1202, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:: Given the variety of suturing techniques for bucket-handle meniscal repair, it is important to assess which suturing technique best restores native biomechanics. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS:: To biomechanically compare vertical mattress and cross-stitch suture techniques, in single- and double-row configurations, in their ability to restore native knee kinematics in a bucket-handle medial meniscal tear model. The hypothesis was that there would be no difference between the vertical mattress and cross-stitch double-row suture techniques but that the double-row technique would provide significantly improved biomechanical parameters versus the single-row technique. STUDY DESIGN:: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS:: Ten matched pairs of human cadaver knees were randomly assigned to the vertical mattress (n = 10) or cross-stitch (n = 10) repair group. Each knee underwent 4 consecutive testing conditions: (1) intact, (2) displaced bucket-handle tear, (3) single-row suture configuration on the femoral meniscus surface, and (4) double-row suture configuration (repair of femoral and tibial meniscus surfaces). Knees were loaded with a 1000-N axial compressive force at 0°, 30°, 60°, 90°, and 120° of flexion for each condition. Resultant medial compartment contact area, average contact pressure, and peak contact pressure data were recorded. RESULTS:: Intact state contact area was not restored at 0° ( P = .027) for the vertical double-row configuration and at 0° ( P = .032), 60° ( P < .001), and 90° ( P = .007) of flexion for the cross-stitch double-row configuration. No significant differences were found in the average contact pressure and peak contact pressure between the intact state and the vertical mattress and cross-stitch repairs with single- and double-row configurations at any flexion angles. When the vertical and cross-stich repairs were compared across all flexion angles, no significant differences were observed in single-row configurations, but in double-row configurations, cross-stitch repair resulted in a significantly decreased contact area, average contact pressure, and peak contact pressure (all P < .001). CONCLUSION:: Single- and double-row configurations of the vertical mattress and cross-stitch inside-out meniscal repair techniques restored native tibiofemoral pressure after a medial meniscal bucket-handle tear at all assessed knee flexion angles. Despite decreased contact area with a double-row configuration, mainly related to the cross-stitch repair, in comparison with the intact state, the cross-stitch double-row repair led to decreased pressure as compared with the vertical double-row repair. These findings are applicable only at the time of the surgery, as the biological effects of healing were not considered. CLINICAL RELEVANCE:: Medial meniscal bucket-handle tears may be repaired with the single- or double-row configuration of vertical mattress or cross-stitch sutures.

3.
J Knee Surg ; 2019 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30754068

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine in vivo knee kinematics and clinical outcomes of patients who underwent fixed- and mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at 1- and 2-year follow-up. This prospective double-blinded randomized controlled trial was performed from November 2011 to December 2012. A total of 64 patients were randomized to fixed- and mobile-bearing TKA groups (32 patients in each group). All patients were evaluated with the following: three-dimensional in vivo knee kinematics analysis during gait, stepping up and stepping down stair steps, and getting up from and sitting on a chair; and knee range of motion and patient-reported outcome measures (Knee Outcome Survey Activities of Daily Living Scale [KOS-ADLS] and pain visual analog scale [VAS]) at 1- and 2-year follow-up. Descriptive statistics (means, standard deviations, and percentages) were calculated for all variables. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to test if variables were normally distributed. A Student's t-test was used to compare continuous variables between patients in the two groups. The chi-square test was used to compare the groups with respect to categorical variables. The α level for statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. The mean axial tibiofemoral rotation in patients who underwent mobile-bearing TKA was significantly higher during gait (13.3 vs. 10.7), stepping up (12.8 vs. 10) stair steps, and getting up (16.1 vs. 12.1) from a chair compared with fixed-bearing TKA patients at 1-year follow-up (p < 0.05). KOS-ADLS function score was significantly higher in the mobile-bearing compared with the fixed-bearing TKA group (32 vs. 27.7) at 1-year follow-up (p < 0.05). No significant difference in kinematics and clinical outcomes between fixed- and mobile-bearing TKA groups was observed at 2-year follow-up (p > 0.05). Based on the results of this study, mobile-bearing TKA allowed a higher degree of rotation when walking, stepping up stair steps, and standing up from a chair, and had higher functional outcomes compared with fixed-bearing TKA at 1-year follow-up. However, no difference in in vivo kinematics or in clinical outcomes was observed between fixed- and mobile-bearing prostheses at 2-year follow-up.

4.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 27(10): 3354-3363, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671598

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively compile normative data on the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the paediatric population with magnetic resonance imaging, emphasizing the differences between men and women. METHODS: In this retrospective study, musculoskeletal radiologists evaluated length, area, coronal and sagittal inclination of the ACL and inclination of the intercondylar notch. A total of 253 MR examinations (130 males and 123 females between 6 and 18 years of age) were included. The association between measurements, sex and age was considered. Linear and fractional polynomial regression models were used to evaluate the relationships between measurements. RESULTS: ACL length showed significant progressive growth (p < 0.001) with age in men and women, without characterization of growth peaks. ACL area in women showed more pronounced growth up to 11 years, stabilized from 11 to 14 years and then sustained a slight reduction. In men, ACL area showed more pronounced growth up to 12 years, stabilized from 12 to 15 years and then sustained slight reduction. Coronal and sagittal inclination of the ACL showed a significant progressive increase (p < 0.001) with age in both sexes, progressively verticalizing. The intercondylar roof inclination angle showed significant progressive reduction (p < 0.001) with age in both sexes. CONCLUSION: The area of the ACL does not accompany skeletal maturation, interrupting its growth around 11-12 years. Progressive verticalization of the ACL as well as of the intercondylar notch roof in the evaluated ages was also observed. The clinical relevance of this study is that the ACL presents different angular and morphologic changes during growth in the paediatric population. Since ACL repair is now being performed on younger children, recognition of the normal developmental changes of the ACL is of utmost importance for successful ACL graft placement. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.

5.
Arthroscopy ; 35(2): 566-574, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612771

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the midterm clinical outcomes of anteromedialization tibial tubercle osteotomy combined with medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (TTO+MPFLR) with MPFLR alone (MPFLRa) for the treatment of recurrent patellar instability (RPI) in patients with a tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove (TT-TG) of 17 to 20 mm. METHODS: From January 2008 to August 2013, patients with RPI and a TT-TG of 17 to 20 mm were divided into 2 groups: TTO+MPFLR or MPFLRa. Subjects were evaluated for J sign classification (1-4+); patellar glide (1-4+); the apprehension test; increased femoral anteversion; the Caton index; trochlear dysplasia; TT-TG; and Kujala, Lysholm, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), and Tegner scores. Kujala improvement was the primary outcome. RESULTS: Forty-two subjects were evaluated, 18 in the TTO+MPFLR group and 24 in the MPFLRa group. Mean follow-up time was 40.86 months (range, 24-60 months). Demographics between the groups were not different. Preoperatively, there was no statistically significant difference between groups regarding J sign classification; patellar glide; the apprehension test; increased femoral anteversion; the Caton index; trochlear dysplasia; TT-TG; and Kujala, Lysholm, IKDC, and Tegner scores. Postoperative J sign classification mean results comparing TTO+MPFLR and MPFLRa, respectively, were 1 and 1.33 (P = .006). Improvement was significantly higher in the TTO+MPFLR group in all scores except for Tegner. Kujala improvement, 30.27 and 23.95, respectively (P = .003), was also clinically significant, favoring TTO+MPFLR. Lysholm improvement was 40.5 and 36.2, respectively (P = .02), and IKDC improvement was 38.59 and 31.6, respectively (P = .002). There were no reported recurrent subluxations or dislocations in either group. CONCLUSIONS: TTO+MPFLR resulted in better functional outcome scores and patellar kinematics compared with MPFLRa in the surgical treatment of RPI in patients with a TT-TG distance of 17 to 20 mm. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prospective comparative study.

6.
Acta ortop. bras ; 26(6): 379-383, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-973593

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: To evaluate the regenerative capacity of gracilis (G) and semitendinosus (ST) tendons, to examine the sensitivity and specificity of signs and symptoms in the assessment of hamstring tendons, and to assess the thickness and insertion site of regenerated tendons. Methods: Thirty sequential knees were subjected to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with semitendinosus and gracilis tendons. After surgery, the patients were followed up clinically with physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results: Overall, 36.66% of the tendons were visible on MRI, whereas 83.33% were palpable. On MRI, the distal insertion site of the regenerated semitendinosus tendon was visible proximal to the landmark of the medial femoral condyle in 28%, at the same level in 16%, and distally in 56% of the cases. Gracilis tendon insertion was visible proximally in 36.66% of cases, at the same level in 10%, and distally in 53.33%. Eleven knees exhibited complete regeneration. Conclusion: Partial or total regeneration of the ST and G tendons was apparent on MRI. Palpation is effective for evaluating regeneration of the ST and G tendons; however, MRI is still the gold standard. ST and G tendons regenerated completely in only a small percentage of patients, limiting reuse as a graft in cases with new ligament injuries of the knee. Level of Evidence II, Prospective comparative study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a capacidade de regeneração dos tendões Grácil e Semitendíneo; Identificar a sensibilidade e especificidade da manobra semiológica para detecção da presença dos tendões isquiotibiais; verificar espessura e região de inserção dos tendões regenerados. Métodos: 30 pacientes foram submetidos à cirurgia para reconstrução do LCA, com retirada dos tendões do semitendíneo e grácil. Após a cirurgia, os pacientes foram acompanhados clinicamente por exame físico e por RM. Resultados: Observou-se que em 36,66% eles se apresentavam visíveis, enquanto 83,33% os tendões estavam palpáveis. Observou-se à RM, quanto a região da inserção distal dos tendões regenerados: Semitendíneos, 28% proximal ao ponto padronizado do MFC, 16% se apresentaram ao nível e 56% distal. Já quanto aos tendões do Grácil, 36,66% apresentavam-se proximais, 10% ao nível e 53,33% distal. Onze tendões do ST e do G tiveram regeneração completa. Conclusões: Ficaram caracterizadas, por RM, as regenerações parciais ou totais dos tendões ST e G;a palpação, é eficaz para avaliar a regeneração dos tendões, porém RM mantem-se como padrão ouro; apenas parte dos pacientes os tendões ST e G se regeneraram de maneira completa, limitando a sua reutilização como enxerto nos casos de nova lesão ligamentar. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo prospectivo comparativo.

7.
Acta Ortop Bras ; 26(4): 236-239, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30210251

RESUMO

Objective: To determine a relationship between smoking, alcohol abuse and anabolic steroids and meniscoligamentous injuries. Methods: A total of 239 patients underwent surgical treatment of isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) lesion, ACL associated with meniscal injury and isolated meniscal injury, and were inquired by a single team of surgeons about their habits: smoking, alcoholism and use of artificial anabolic agents. In addition, quality of life was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Results: It was not possible to establish a direct relationship between habits and meniscal and ligamentous injuries, despite the finding that patients with ACL-associated lesions were more frequently smokers, and that patients with isolated meniscal injuries used more artificial anabolic agents. Regarding quality of life, there were no statistical differences in the habits between the groups; however, except for smokers with isolated meniscal injury, all patients who did not have the habits analyzed presented a better score in the SF-36 questionnaire. Conclusion: There were no significant findings correlating smoking, alcohol abuse and artificial anabolic agents with the presence of injuries. In addition, six months after the surgical treatment, there was no difference in the quality of life between the groups evaluated. Level of Evidence III, Prospective case series.

8.
Acta ortop. bras ; 26(4): 236-239, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-973557

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine a relationship between smoking, alcohol abuse and anabolic steroids and meniscoligamentous injuries. Methods: A total of 239 patients underwent surgical treatment of isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) lesion, ACL associated with meniscal injury and isolated meniscal injury, and were inquired by a single team of surgeons about their habits: smoking, alcoholism and use of artificial anabolic agents. In addition, quality of life was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Results: It was not possible to establish a direct relationship between habits and meniscal and ligamentous injuries, despite the finding that patients with ACL-associated lesions were more frequently smokers, and that patients with isolated meniscal injuries used more artificial anabolic agents. Regarding quality of life, there were no statistical differences in the habits between the groups; however, except for smokers with isolated meniscal injury, all patients who did not have the habits analyzed presented a better score in the SF-36 questionnaire. Conclusion: There were no significant findings correlating smoking, alcohol abuse and artificial anabolic agents with the presence of injuries. In addition, six months after the surgical treatment, there was no difference in the quality of life between the groups evaluated. Level of Evidence III, Prospective case series.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar uma relação entre hábito de fumar, abuso de álcool e anabolizantes artificiais com lesões menisco-ligamentares do joelho. Métodos: Um total de 239 pacientes foi submetido ao tratamento cirúrgico de lesão isolada do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA), do LCA associada à lesão meniscal e lesão meniscal isolada e foi indagado, por uma única equipe de cirurgiões, sobre seus hábitos: tabagismo, alcoolismo e uso de anabolizantes artificiais. Além disso, foi avaliada a qualidade de vida com o questionário SF-36. Resultados: Não foi possível estabelecer uma relação direta entre os hábitos e as lesões menisco-ligamentares, apesar da constatação de que os pacientes com lesões associadas ao LCA eram, com maior frequência, tabagistas e que os pacientes com lesão meniscal isolada usavam mais anabolizantes artificiais. Com relação à qualidade de vida, não houve diferença estatística quanto aos hábitos entre os grupos, porém, exceto tabagistas com lesão meniscal isolada, todos os pacientes que não tinham os hábitos analisados apresentaram pontuação melhor no questionário SF-36. Conclusão: Não houve achados significativos que correlacionassem os hábitos de fumar, abuso de álcool e anabolizantes artificiais com a presença de lesão. Além disso, seis meses após o tratamento cirúrgico, não houve diferença na qualidade de vida entre os grupos avaliados. Nível de evidência III, Tipo de estudo: série de casos prospectivos.

9.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 26(12): 3532-3536, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29728743

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous research has provided evidence of a hereditary predisposition for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between ancestral population genetics and risk of non-contact ACL injuries. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 177 individuals with a history of non-contact ACL injury and 556 non-injured control individuals for analysis of the genetic material through the use of a panel of 48 INDELs ancestry genetic markers from three ancestral origins. RESULTS: Among patients with non-contact ACL injury, 82% were male and 18% were female. In the control group, 78% were male, and 22% were female. The mean age of the non-contact ACL injury group was 31.7 years (± 10.2), and the control group was 33.8 years (± 13.2). The individual genetic contribution from INDELs of each ancestral origin varied considerably: ranging between 1.5-94.8% contribution for INDELs of African origin (mean of 21.4% of INDELs); between 2 and 96.1% contribution for INDELs of European origin (mean of 66.7% of INDELs); and between 1.3-96.4% contribution for INDELs of Amerindian origin (mean of 11.7% of INDELs). When comparing paired subjects from the non-contact ACL and control groups, the genetic analysis showed that the European ancestry score was higher in the non-contact ACL group than control group (0.70 ± 0.21 vs 0.63 ± 0.22 respectively, p < 0.001), whereas African ancestry scores (ACL group 0.18 ± 0.18 vs control group 0.24 ± 0.21, p < 0.001) and Amerindian ancestry scores (ACL group 0.11 ± 0.09 vs control group 0.12 ± 0.10, n.s.) were lower among the non-contact ACL group than in controls. CONCLUSION: European INDELs markers were found to represent a potential genetic predisposition for non-contact ACL injuries when compared to African and Amerindian INDELs. This study has the potential to correlate a measurable and distinct genetic marker with risk of a non-contact ACL injury. Thus, it increases knowledge base and volume of molecular and genetical factors associated with this pathology. Furthermore, this study provides guidance and evidence for the development of genetic risk-screening panels for non-contact ACL injury. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III Diagnostic Study.

10.
Cartilage ; : 1947603518770249, 2018 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29667853

RESUMO

Purpose This study aimed to compile available data in medical literature about subchondral calcium phosphate injection, comparing results obtained with this technique, as well as indications, complications, and other important factors in treatment of bone marrow lesions. Designs A literature review using PubMed and Medline database in order to identify works with terms "subchondral calcium phosphate injection," " subchondroplasty®," "bone marrow lesion," and "knee." Eight relevant articles were found. Results A total of 164 patients with bone marrow lesion mainly on femoral condyle and tibial plateau recovered with significant functional improvement of knee after subchondral calcium phosphate treatment. Although 25% of them still had some type of pain complaint, they also showed improvement. There were few complications reported and return to activities occurred after 3 months on average. Conclusions Few studies evaluate the result of using subchondral calcium phosphate injection technique. However, all presented favorable results regarding pain and improvement of knee function. In addition, within 2 years, there was a 70% reduction in conversion to total knee arthroplasty in patients with previous surgical indication who choose calcium phosphate treatment.

11.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 26(10): 2934-2941, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29335748

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The treatment approach for a patient with knee joint focal cartilage lesion is a difficult decision. To date, there has been no randomized clinical trial involving Hydrogel (Cartiva™). This study evaluated and compared the results of a hydrogel implant (Cartiva™) with autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) for treating knee joint focal cartilage lesions. METHODS: Thirty-eight symptomatic patients, with a focal cartilage lesion of Outerbridge grades III or IV, were randomized into one of two groups according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Group I underwent AOT, and Group II was treated with a Hydrogel implant. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and again postoperatively at 6, 12, and 24 months using the subjective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores, Visual Analog Scale for Pain (VAS Pain), Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADLS) and Lysholm score. RESULTS: Both groups showed significant improvements from baseline (pre-surgery) to post-surgery (6, 12, and 24 months; p < 0.05), but there was no difference between the groups. Regarding complications, prolonged pain was observed in four patients (10.5%), two from each group, with a regression of symptoms within 1 year. CONCLUSION: The Hydrogel implant showed similar efficiency as the autologous osteochondral graft for treating knee joint focal cartilage lesions. Both techniques showed satisfactory results compared to preoperative status. The Hydrogel implant was safe and effective, and it provided good stability and joint function at 2-year follow-up. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: I.

12.
Phys Sportsmed ; 46(1): 30-35, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29287523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare knee isokinetic performance six months after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using grafts from either the patellar tendon or the hamstrings among patients who underwent the same rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were evaluated (17 with grafts from the patellar tendon and 17 with grafts from the hamstrings). Operated and non-operated knees were compared with regards to the variables of peak torque, work and the hamstring/quadriceps relationship at velocities of 60º/s and 180º/s and power of 180º/s after six months of surgery. RESULTS: The patients with ACL reconstruction using the patellar tendon (BPTB) showed quadriceps deficits for all variables, but the flexor musculature was balanced. In the hamstring group, both the extensors and the flexors showed deficits for the variables analyzed, except for hamstring power at 180º/s. CONCLUSION: Patients in the patellar tendon group had a greater quadriceps deficit compared with those in the hamstrings group. Patients in the hamstrings group had a greater muscular deficit in the flexor mechanism compared with the contralateral knee. An unbalanced H/Q ratio was observed regardless of graft type, but this was more evident in the BPTB group.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Músculo Esquelético/transplante , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Tendões/transplante , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Joelho/fisiopatologia , Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Músculo Quadríceps/fisiopatologia , Torque , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 26(5): 1362-1366, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28948312

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the anterior cruciate ligament graft failure rate in a population of 1376 patients submitted to single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction procedure. It was hypothesized that the younger the patient, the greater the chance of a new anterior cruciate ligament graft ligament injury. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who had SB anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction between the years, 2001 and 2016, with a minimum post-operative follow-up period of 6 months. The patient population was divided into three groups, according to age: group 1-under 16 years old; group 2-between 16 and 18 years old; and group 3-older than 18 years old. Data collected included sex, laterality and graft choice data. RESULTS: In group 1 (under 16 years old), there were 61 primary ACL surgeries performed and 15 (24.6%) revision ACL surgeries. In group 2 (between 16 and 18 years old), there was 57 primary ACL procedures, of which 10 (17.5%) were revisions. In the group 3 (older than 18 years of age), 1258 surgeries were done with 116 (9.2%) revisions. CONCLUSION: The rate of ACL revision surgery in patients under 16 years of age was significantly higher than that found in patients older than 18 years old. When compared to the population between 16 and 18 years old, there were a higher number of failure cases, however, statistically non-significant. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
14.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 12: CD010875, 2017 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29243827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are serious knee injuries that are frequently treated surgically in the form of arthroscopically assisted reconstruction with grafts from the patella or hamstrings tendons. We reviewed the evidence for the choice of arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction technique in terms of whether it should involve one incision (femoral tunnel drilled from inside the knee joint under arthroscopic visualisation) or two incisions (femoral tunnel drilled from outside to inside the knee joint). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of one-incision versus two-incision techniques for arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, ClinicalTrials.gov, reference lists, and conference abstracts. The date of the search was 16 August 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled clinical trials evaluating one-incision versus two-incision techniques for arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction in adults. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently searched and selected studies, and extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of the eligible studies. We undertook limited pooling of data using the fixed-effect model. MAIN RESULTS: We included five trials (four randomised and one quasi-randomised) evaluating a total of 320 participants who were mainly in their 20s. All participants underwent ACL reconstruction with patella tendon grafts. All five included trials were at a high risk of bias, particularly performance bias. Based on these limitations and the insufficiency of the available data resulting in imprecision of effect estimates, we judged the quality of the evidence as very low for all outcomes. This means that we are uncertain of the findings of the review.We found very low-quality evidence of no clinically important differences between the two techniques in self reported knee function, measured using the Lysholm knee score (scale 0 to 100: best outcome), at short-term (3 months) (mean difference (MD) 2.73 favours one-incision technique, 95% confidence interval (CI) -2.70 to 8.15; 79 participants, 2 studies), intermediate-term (12 months) (MD -3.68 favours two-incision technique, 95% CI -6.61 to -0.75; 79 participants, 2 studies), and long-term follow-up. The data available for long-term follow-up (2 to 5 years) was expressed in terms of the numbers of participants with excellent Lysholm scores (90 points or more); we found no difference between the two groups (42/45 versus 36/40; risk ratio (RR) 1.04, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.18; 1 study). There were no data for quality of life measures or for overall numbers of participants incurring an adverse event. We found very low-quality evidence of little between-group differences in individual adverse events such as infection, knee stiffness, reoperation, and graft failure.We found very low-quality evidence from one study (59 participants) of little difference between the two groups in activity levels measured using Tegner scores (scale 0 to 10: highest sport activity) at two years (MD -0.80 favours two-incision technique, 95% CI -1.90 to 0.30). There was very low-quality evidence from four studies of minimal between-group difference in the number of participants with normal or nearly normal objectively measured knee function (International Knee Documentation Committee objective assessment grading) at intermediate follow-up (means 12 to 28 months): 56/78 versus 63/89; RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.21; 167 participants). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The very low-quality and often absent evidence means that we are uncertain whether one-incision arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction techniques yield better, worse, or equivalent results compared with two-incision techniques in terms of short-, intermediate-, or long-term subjective function, quality of life, adverse outcomes, activity levels, and objectively rated knee function. The evidence was available only for single-bundle ACL reconstruction using patella tendon grafts.When considering priorities for high-quality randomised trials on techniques for ACL reconstruction, it is important to note the insufficiency of the evidence available to inform this key comparison.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Artroscopia/métodos , Adulto , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efeitos adversos , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 25(6): 1692-1696, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27056687

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Until now, there are no definitive conclusions regarding functional differences related to middle- and long-term everyday activities and patient pain following implantation of mobile- and fixed-platform tibial prostheses. The aim of this study was to determine whether there are middle-term differences in knee function and pain in patients undergoing fixed- and mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized into two groups: the first group received TKA implantation with a fixed tibial platform (group A); the second group received TKA with a mobile tibial platform (group B). Patients were followed up (2 years), and their symptoms and limitations in daily living activities were evaluated using the Knee Outcome Survey-Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADLS), in addition to pain evaluation assessed using the pain visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: There were no significant differences in function and symptoms in the ADLS and VAS between the study groups. CONCLUSION: The type of platform used in TKA (fixed vs. mobile) does not change the symptoms, function or pain of patients 2 years post-surgery. Although mobile TKAs may have better short-term results, at medium- and long-term follow-up they do not present important clinical differences compared with fixed-platform TKAs. This information is important so that surgeons can choose the most suitable implant for each patient. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Randomized clinical trial, Level I.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/psicologia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Arthroscopy ; 33(3): 633-640, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27988165

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the influence that increased femoral anteversion (FA) has on patients with recurrent patellar instability (RPI) treated by anteromedialization tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) combined with medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR) and to present the midterm outcomes of these patients. METHODS: From January 2008 to August 2013, skeletally mature patients with RPI and tibial tubercle (TT)-trochlear groove (TG) ≥ 17 mm who underwent anteromedialization TTO combined with MPFLR were evaluated for J sign, patellar glide, apprehension test, increased FA, Caton index, trochlea dysplasia, TT-TG, Kujala, International Knee Documentation Committee subjective knee evaluation form, and Tegner. Increased FA was determined clinically by a difference of more than 30° between hip internal and external rotation, 70° or more of hip internal rotation, and 30° or more of femoral neck anteversion. A subgroup analysis involving increased FA was made. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients composed the study group. Mean follow-up was 41.5 ± 11.05 months. The J-sign was present in 86% before surgery and none postoperatively (P < .001). All patients had a positive apprehension test or a patellar luxation at the patellar glide test rated as grade 4 before surgery. After surgery, the mean glide was 1.29 ± 0.45 with no apprehension (P < .001). Increased FA was present in 18.7%. Caton index before surgery was 1.11 ± 0.21 and 0.99 ± 0.11 postoperatively (P = .004). Trochlea dysplasia was present in all patients. TT-TG preoperatively was 20.77 ± 2.12 mm and 11.33 ± 1.24 mm postoperatively (P < .001). Functional scores improved preoperatively to postoperatively (P < .001) with Kujala and International Knee Documentation Committee means: 59.08 to 84.37; 52.6 to 85.5, respectively. Tegner preinjury score was 5.4 and postoperatively was 5.2 (P = .01). Increased FA group had worse Kujala compared with the normal FA group and worse Kujala improvement: 77.7 and 85.89 (P = .012), and 21.7 and 26.1, respectively (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Increased FA in patients with RPI had a negative effect on the outcome of anteromedialization TTO combined with MPFLR. Combined anteromedialization TTO and MPFLR had good functional midterm outcomes in treating patients with RPI and TT-TG ≥ 17 mm. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, comparative study.


Assuntos
Anteversão Óssea/etiologia , Colo do Fêmur , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia , Masculino , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Recidiva
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(6): 652-656, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-830024

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of ACL and meniscal injuries in a population of recreational and elite athletes from Brazil and the relation of these injuries with their sports activities. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of 240 patients with ACL and/or meniscal injuries submitted to surgical treatment. Data of patients and sport modality, as well as Tegner score were registered in the first clinical evaluation. The patients were divided into three groups: (1) isolated rupture of the ACL; (2) ACL injury associated with meniscal injury; (3) isolated menisci injury. RESULTS: The majority of the patients belonged to group 1 (44.58%), followed by group 2 (30.2%) and 3 (25%). Most patients were soccer players. The mean time from sport practice to injury in group 1 was 17.81 years. In group 2, it was 17.3 years, and in group 3, 26.91 years. Soccer athletes presented ACL injury in 0.523/1000 h of practice and meniscal injury in 0.448/1000 h of practice. Before the injury, the mean Tegner score obtained for groups 1, 2, and 3 were 7.18, 7.34, and 6.53, respectively. After knee injury, those values were 3.07, 3.18, and 2.87, respectively. CONCLUSION: Soccer was the sport that caused the majority of lesions, regardless the group. Furthermore, patients from groups 1 and 2 had less time of practice prior to the injury (17.81 and 17.3 years) than the patients of group 3 (26.91 years). Women presented a higher risk to develop ACL and meniscal injuries in 1000 h of game/practice. Running, volleyball, and weightlifting are in ascending order of risk for ACL and/or meniscal injury. Regarding the return to sport practice, the efficiency of all athletes was impaired because of the injury.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência da lesão do LCA e dos meniscos numa população de atletas amadores e profissionais no Brasil e a relação destas lesões com o esporte praticado. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo observacional de 240 pacientes com lesão meniscoligamentar do joelho desencadeada por diversas atividades esportivas. Dados dos pacientes, do esporte praticado e do questionário de Tegner foram registrados na primeira avaliação clínica. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos: 1) lesão isolada do LCA; 2) lesão do LCA associada a lesão meniscal; 3) lesão meniscal isolada. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos pacientes pertencia ao grupo 1 (44,58%), seguido pelos grupos 2 (30,2%) e 3 (25%). O tempo médio de prática esportiva para gerar lesão foi de 17,81 anos no grupo 1, 17,3 no grupo 2 e 26,91 no grupo 3. Atletas de futebol apresentaram lesão de LCA em 0,523/1000 horas de jogo e de lesões meniscais em 0,448/1000 horas de jogo. Antes da lesão, a média de pontos obtidos no questionário de Tegner para os pacientes do grupo 1, 2 e 3 foram de 7,18, 7,34, e 6,53. Após a lesão, este valor caiu para 3,07, 3,18, e 2,87 respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: A modalidade esportiva mais praticada foi o futebol e causou o maior número de lesões, independente do grupo. Além disso, pacientes do grupo 1 e 2 levaram menos tempo de prática do que os do grupo 3 para sofrerem lesões. As mulheres apresentaram maior risco de lesões de LCA e meniscos por 1000 horas de treino/jogo. Corrida, voleibol e academia estão em ordem crescente de riscos de lesões meniscoligamentares. Quando avaliado o retorno ao esporte, o rendimento de todos os atletas foi prejudicado pela lesão.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Meniscos Tibiais , Futebol/lesões , Medicina Esportiva
18.
Rev Bras Ortop ; 51(4): 385-95, 2016 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27517015

RESUMO

This updating article on the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has the aim of addressing some of the most interesting current topics in this field. Within this stratified approach, it contains the following sections: ACL remnant; anterolateral ligament and combined intra and extra-articular reconstruction; fixation devices; and ACL femoral tunnel creation techniques.

19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(4): 385-395, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-792725

RESUMO

ABSTRACT This updating article on the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has the aim of addressing some of the most interesting current topics in this field. Within this stratified approach, it contains the following sections: ACL remnant; anterolateral ligament and combined intra and extra-articular reconstruction; fixation devices; and ACL femoral tunnel creation techniques.


RESUMO Este artigo de atualização sobre ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) visa abordar alguns dos tópicos mais interessantes e atuais sobre o tema. Dentro dessa abordagem estratificada incluem-se as seguintes seções: remanescente do LCA; ligamento anterolateral e reconstruções extra-articulares combinadas a intra-articulares; dispositivos de fixação; técnicas de confecção do túnel femoral.


Assuntos
Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Instabilidade Articular , Joelho , Ligamento Patelar , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos
20.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 7: CD009772, 2016 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27450741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are frequently treated with surgical reconstruction with grafts, frequently patella tendon or hamstrings. Interference screws are often used to secure the graft in bone tunnels in the femur and tibia. This review examines whether bioabsorbable interference screws give better results than metal interference screws when used for graft fixation in ACL reconstruction. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of bioabsorbable versus metallic interference screws for graft fixation in ACL reconstruction. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL (the Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, trial registers and reference lists of articles. Date of search: January 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials and quasi-randomised trials comparing bioabsorbable with metallic interferences screws in ACL reconstruction. The main outcomes sought were subjective-rated knee function, failure of treatment, and activity level. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: At least two review authors selected eligible trials, independently assessed risk of bias, and cross-checked data. Data were pooled whenever relevant and possible. Requests for further information were sent to the original study authors. MAIN RESULTS: We included 12 trials (11 randomised and one quasi-randomised) involving a total of 944 participants, and reporting follow-up results for 774. Participants in the 12 trials underwent ACL reconstruction with either hamstring tendon grafts (five trials) or patellar tendon grafts (seven trials). Trials participants were randomly allocated to bioabsorbable or metallic interference screws for graft fixation in both femur and tibia (seven trials); femur only (three trials); tibia only (one trial); location was not reported in the remaining trial. A variety of materials was used for the bioabsorbable screws, Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) being the most common. The metallic screws, where reported, were titanium.All trials were at high risk of bias, which invariably included performance bias. Seven trials were at high risk of attrition bias and eight at high risk of reporting bias. The quasi-randomised trial was assessed as being at high risk for selection bias. Based on these study limitations and insufficiency of the available data, we judged the quality of evidence for all outcomes was very low.The majority of the available data for patient-reported knee function was presented as Lysholm scores (0 to 100; higher scores = better function). There was very low quality but consistent evidence of no clinically important differences between the two groups in Lysholm scores at 12 months follow-up (mean difference (MD) -0.08, 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.48 to 1.32; three trials, 168 participants); 24 months (MD 0.35, 95% CI -1.27 to 1.98; three trials, 113 participants) or five or more years follow-up (MD 1.23, 95% CI -2.00 to 4.47; two trials, 71 participants). This lack of between-group differences was also reported for Lysholm scores in several trials that did not provide sufficient data for pooling as well as for other self-reported knee function scores reported in several trials.Treatment failure was represented by the summed data for implant breakage during surgery and major postoperative complications (implant failure, graft rupture, symptomatic foreign body reactions, effusion and treated arthrofibrosis and related conditions) that were usually described in the trial reports as requiring further substantive treatment. There is very low-quality evidence of greater treatment failure in the bioabsorbable screw group (60/451 versus 29/434; risk ratio (RR) 1.94 favouring metallic screw fixation, 95% CI 1.29 to 2.93; 885 participants, 11 studies). In a population with an assumed risk (based on the median control group risk) of 56 participants per 1000 having treatment failure after metallic screw fixation, this equates to 53 more (95% CI 17 to 108 more) per 1000 participants having treatment failure after bioabsorbable screw fixation. All 16 intraoperative complications in the bioabsorbable screw group were implant breakages upon screw insertion. Treatment failure defined as postoperative complications only still favoured the metallic screw group but the 95% CI also included the potential for a greater risk of treatment failure after metallic screw fixation: 44/451 versus 29/434; RR 1.44, 95% CI 0.93 to 2.23. Based on the assumed risk of 56 participants per 1000 having postoperative treatment failure after metallic screw fixation, this equates to 25 more (95% CI 4 fewer and 69 more) per 1000 participants having this outcome after bioabsorbable screw fixation.There was very low-quality evidence of very similar activity levels in the two groups at 12 and 24 months follow-up measured via the Tegner score (0 to 10; higher scores = greater activity): 12 months (MD 0.08, 95% CI -0.39 to 0.55; 122 participants, two studies); 24 months (MD 0.01, 95% CI -0.54 to 0.57; 72 participants, two studies). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is very low-quality evidence of no difference in self-reported knee function and levels of activity between bioabsorbable and metallic interference screws for graft fixation in ACL reconstruction. There is very low-quality evidence that bioabsorbable screws may be associated with more overall treatment failures, including implant breakage during surgery. Further research does not appear to be a priority, but if undertaken, should also examine costs.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Parafusos Ósseos , Tendões/transplante , Implantes Absorvíveis/efeitos adversos , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/instrumentação , Parafusos Ósseos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/etiologia , Articulação do Joelho , Metais/efeitos adversos , Ligamento Patelar/transplante , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
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