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1.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(2): 102446, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838164

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) can be associated with giant cell arteritis (GCA). In this nationwide study by the "French Network of dysimmune disorders associated with hemopathies" (MINHEMON) the objective was to evaluate characteristics, treatment and outcome of GCA MDS-MDS/MPN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients that presented a MDS or MDS/MPN associated with GCA. Treatment efficiency, relapse-free and overall survival of GCA MDS-MDS/MPN were compared to GCA alone. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients with GCA MDS-MDS/MPN were included with median age 76 [42-92], M/F ratio 2.5, 8 MDS with multilineage dysplasia (38%), 4 chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (19%), at low or intermediate risk according to IPPS and IPSS-R. The prevalence of headaches, jaw claudication and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy was significantly lower in patients with GCA MDS-MDS/MPN compared to idiopathic GCA (14.3%, 0% and 0% versus 30%, 25%, and 25%, respectively; p < .05). Other clinical and histology findings were similar. All GCA patients received steroid therapy as first-line treatment. Complete or partial response was observed in 14 GCA MDS-MDS/MPN patients (66.7%), of whom 6 (28.6%) received combined immunosuppressive therapies (versus 10% of idiopathic GCA; p = .07). Relapse incidence was similar in the two groups. Steroid dependence was more frequent among GCA MDS-MDS/MPN patients (12 (57%) versus 18 (22.5%); p < .05). Relapse-free and steroid-free survivals were significantly decreased in GCA MDS-MDS/MPN patients (log rank 0.002 and 0.049 respectively), but not overall survival. CONCLUSION: Characteristics of GCA MDS-MDS/MPN seem different than idiopathic GCA, with a distinct clinical phenotype and poorer outcome with a higher risk of steroid dependence and relapse.

2.
Nat Med ; 25(12): 1839-1842, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768065

RESUMO

Histiocytoses are clonal hematopoietic disorders frequently driven by mutations mapping to the BRAF and MEK1 and MEK2 kinases. Currently, however, the developmental origins of histiocytoses in patients are not well understood, and clinically meaningful therapeutic targets outside of BRAF and MEK are undefined. In this study, we uncovered activating mutations in CSF1R and rearrangements in RET and ALK that conferred dramatic responses to selective inhibition of RET (selpercatinib) and crizotinib, respectively, in patients with histiocytosis.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Histiocitose/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ret/genética , Receptores de Fator Estimulador das Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Benzotiazóis/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Genoma Humano , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Histiocitose/tratamento farmacológico , Histiocitose/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Ácidos Picolínicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Pirróis/farmacologia , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
3.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(14): 4224-4230, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053600

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Carfilzomib is a novel generation proteasome inhibitor. The Carmysap trial demonstrated that twice-weekly KMP (carfilzomib, melphalan, prednisone) might challenge the MPV (melphalan, prednisone, bortezomib) standard. We sought to study KMP weekly, allowing to increase carfilzomib's dose with maintained efficacy and improved safety profile. PATIENTS AND METHODS: IFM2012-03, a phase I multicenter study of KMP weekly in elderly patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (eNDMM), aimed to determine the MTD of carfilzomib. Carfilzomib was given intravenously at 36, 45, 56, and 70 mg/m2/day on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 with melphalan and prednisone, for nine 35-day induction cycles, followed by carfilzomib maintenance for 1 year. Three dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) determined MTD at the lower dose. RESULTS: Thirty eNDMMs were treated, 6 per cohort at 36, 45, and 56 mg/m2 and 12 at 70 mg/m². There was one DLT at 36 mg/m2 (lymphopenia), one at 45 mg/m2 (lysis syndrome), two at 56 mg/m2 (cardiac insufficiency and febrile neutropenia), and two at 70 mg/m2 (vomiting and elevated liver enzymes). The safety profile was acceptable; however, specific attention must be paid to the risk of cardiovascular events, especially for elderly patients. The overall response rate was 93.3%, with 46.6% complete response. CONCLUSIONS: The MTD dose of carfilzomib was 70 mg/m2 in this KMP weekly study in eNDMM. Response rates, and especially CR rate, were remarkable in this population, and would benefit from being assessed in a larger-scale study. The IFM2012-03 study demonstrated that the MTD of carfilzomib weekly is 70 mg/m2 in eNDMM, and 56 mg/m2 for patients older than 75 years. Carfilzomib used weekly in combination has a good efficacy and safety profile in eNDMM.

4.
Kidney Int Rep ; 4(5): 688-697, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080924

RESUMO

Background: B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders with renal involvement are relatively frequent, but remain poorly described. A kidney biopsy is usually required to detect the renal lesions that are often missed using other diagnostic tools. Methods: We retrospectively identified 34 patients with renal lymphoma diagnosed by percutaneous kidney biopsy (PKB) at Rennes University Hospital and its affiliated hospital centers between January 1, 2004, and May 1, 2016. Clinical, biological, radiological, and histological characteristics were collected at biopsy time. Results: The included patients had Waldenström macroglobulinemia (n = 12; 35.3%), chronic lymphocytic leukemia/lymphocytic lymphoma (n = 10; 29.5%), high-grade B-cell lymphoma (n = 6; 17.6%), and low-grade B-cell lymphoma (n = 6; 17.6%). The median follow-up was 29 months. Renal involvement led to renal function impairment in 29 patients (85.3%), among whom 20 had acute kidney injury (70%), and to nephrotic syndrome in 4 patients (11.8%). Only 13 patients (38.2%) presented morphological kidney anomalies among whom 5 showed bilateral infiltration. Histologically, interstitial infiltrate (97.1%) was the most common kidney lesion, and 9 patients (26.5%) had specific lymphomatous intraglomerular lesions. After hematological treatment (n = 29), a renal response was observed only in 8 patients (27.6%). Conclusion: Renal involvement in the context of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders is not uncommon. PKB is the best method to confirm this diagnosis. It should be performed early to rapidly initiate the hematological treatment to preserve kidney function.

5.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(19): 1657-1665, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091136

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The wide heterogeneity in multiple myeloma (MM) outcome is driven mainly by cytogenetic abnormalities. The current definition of high-risk profile is restrictive and oversimplified. To adapt MM treatment to risk, we need to better define a cytogenetic risk classification. To address this issue, we simultaneously examined the prognostic impact of del(17p); t(4;14); del(1p32); 1q21 gain; and trisomies 3, 5, and 21 in a cohort of newly diagnosed patients with MM. METHODS: Data were obtained from 1,635 patients enrolled in four trials implemented by the Intergroupe Francophone du Myélome. The oldest collection of data were used for model development and internal validation. For external validation, one of the two independent data sets was used to assess the performance of the model in patients treated with more current regimens. Six cytogenetic abnormalities were identified as clinically relevant, and a prognostic index (PI) that was based on the parameter estimates of the multivariable Cox model was computed for all patients. RESULTS: In all data sets, a higher PI was consistently associated with a poor survival outcome. Dependent on the validation cohorts used, hazard ratios for patients in the high-risk category for death were between six and 15 times higher than those of patients in the low-risk category. Among patients with t(4;14) or del(17p), we observed a worse survival in those classified in the high-risk category than in those in the intermediate-risk category. The PI showed good performance for discriminating between patients who died and those who survived (Harrell's concordance index greater than 70%). CONCLUSION: The cytogenetic PI improves the classification of newly diagnosed patients with MM in the high-risk group compared with current classifications. These findings may facilitate the development of risk-adapted treatment strategies.

6.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 57(9): 1397-1405, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973821

RESUMO

Background Smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) is an asymptomatic plasma cell disorder with a high risk of progression to symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM). The serum free light chain (sFLC) ratio is a powerful prognostic factor for SMM: an sFLC ratio ≥8 has been reported to be associated with a high risk of progression to MM, and an sFLC ratio ≥100 has been described as a criterion for ultra-high-risk SMM, and has been integrated into the definition criteria for MM since 2014. However, all recommendations were based on sFLC measured using the first commercialized assay, Freelite™, while other assays are now available. We aimed to evaluate the safety and accuracy of N-Latex sFLC to identify high-risk and ultra-high-risk SMM. Methods The sFLC ratio was measured at diagnosis with both Freelite and N-Latex assays in a cohort of 176 SMM patients on a BN Prospec nephelometer. Demographic, clinical, therapeutic and laboratory data were collected at the time of diagnosis and at follow-up. Results Sixty-two patients (35.2%) progressed to MM within 2 years. Compared to Freelite™ sFLC, N Latex sFLC ratios ≥8 and ≥100 provided similar performances for the identification of high-risk and ultra-high risk SMM patients. Conclusions Our results evidenced that the N-Latex assay could be used for SMM monitoring, like Freelite. However, an N-Latex sFLC ratio ≥70 appears to provide similar performances to a Freelite sFLC ratio ≥100, with a slightly better positive predictive value. Both assays provided accurate identification of high-risk and ultra-high risk SMM patients. These results should be confirmed in an independent study.

9.
Am J Hematol ; 94(6): 635-640, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30859608

RESUMO

The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is higher in myeloma patients receiving immunomodulatory compounds. A VTE prophylaxis using low-molecular-weight heparin or aspirin is therefore proposed. Apixaban is an oral direct anti-Xa. Several studies have shown the efficacy and safety of apixaban in VTE prophylaxis compared to enoxaparin. The objective of this prospective phase 2 pilot study was to assess the risk of VTE and bleeding in patients with myeloma treated with immunomodulatory compounds lenalidomide (len) or thalidomide (thal), using apixaban in a preventive scheme. Myeloma patients requiring Melphalan-Prednisone-Thalidomide in the first line, or Lenalidomide-Dexamethasone in the relapse setting received apixaban, 2.5 mg x 2/day for 6 months. Venous (pulmonary embolism-PE, or symptomatic proximal or distal deep vein thrombosis-DVT, or all proximal asymptomatic events detected by systematic proximal bilateral compression ultrasound) or arterial thrombotic events, and bleeding events (ISTH 2005) were registered. One hundred and four patients were enrolled (mean age 69.8 ± 7.8 years), 11 in first line and 93 in relapse. Two venous thrombotic events were observed, for example, an asymptomatic proximal DVT and a symptomatic distal DVT, in the context of apixaban stopped 14 days before, due to lenalidomide-induced thrombocytopenia. No PE or arterial cardiovascular events were reported. Only one major and 11 CRNM hemorrhages were reported. These data must now be confirmed on a randomized large study.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Lenalidomida/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Melfalan/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Prednisolona/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Tromboembolia Venosa/induzido quimicamente
10.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 19(5): e228-e237, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum free light chain (FLC) measurement has become an important marker for the management of multiple myeloma (MM). However, several analytical challenges remain unresolved. We compared the clinical performances of the Sebia FLC assay in MM to the Freelite assay. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 177 patients from the IFM DFCI 2009 trial were enrolled onto this study, with a total of 368 samples analyzed. At baseline, concordance of the involved to noninvolved FLC ratio (iFLC/niFLC) was evaluated. During therapy, comparison of the disease response assessments according to International Myeloma Working Group criteria was performed. RESULTS: Compared to Freelite, the Sebia FLC assay demonstrated lower results, with a proportional bias with increased values. We demonstrated that the Sebia equivalent of the iFLC/niFLC ratio of 100 was 16. During follow-up, agreement in response assessment was moderate (for light chains MM) to good (for intact immunoglobulin MM). In the context of relapse, the concordance was moderate, but longitudinal follow-up showed a similar kinetics. CONCLUSION: The Sebia FLC assay provides inequivalent absolute results from the Freelite assay. Despite lower absolute FLC values, the kinetics of response and relapse is exactly the same. As with other FLC assays available, follow-up of MM with the same method is advisable.

11.
Hematology ; 24(1): 173-182, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30458690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Immunoglobulin replacement therapy (IgRT) is increasingly used in secondary immunodeficiency (SID) related to hematological malignancies (HM) to prevent infections. Study's objective was to document prospectively the efficacy and safety of IgRT in patients with HM-associated SID. METHODS: Non-interventional, prospective French longitudinal study. RESULTS: One-hundred and sixty patients starting IgRT for HM-associated SID (myeloma: 54 cases, chronic lymphoid leukemia: 54, aggressive non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma: 19, indolent non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma: 29, and Hodgkin disease: 4. entered an observational, prospective, longitudinal study and were followed-up for 8.7 ± 4.0 months. Seventeen patients died (five within the context of sepsis). Compared to baseline, IgRT increased serum immunoglobulin levels by 3.4 ± 2.4 g/L and decreased frequency and severity of infections. Treatment was discontinued in 9% of patients, stopped for futility in 31%, temporally interrupted in 8%, suspended during summertime in 14% and pursued without interruption in 38% of patients. CONCLUSION: Our data confirm the efficacy of IgRT in reducing the risk of infections in HM-associated SID therefore fulfilling physicians' main expectations. They also illustrate the heterogeneity of management policies within the community setting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/sangue , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/sangue , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/etiologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Nephrol Ther ; 14(7): 544-547, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30301610

RESUMO

Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a well-know complication after organ transplantation. We report a case of a patient who developed an extramedullary plasmacytoma-like PTLD around his transplanted kidney treated with standard multiple myeloma chemotherapy. Three years after benefiting of a deceased donor kidney transplant for an end stage kidney disease secondary to nephroangiosclerosis, our patient developed an extra-medullary plasmacytoma confined to the transplant compartment. The transplant function was unaltered, and due to the absence of reduction of the lesion after immunosuppression reduction, a chemotherapy by bortezomib-cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone (VCD) known to be efficient in multiple myeloma was initiated. After 6 cycles, positron emission tomography (PET) scan showed complete metabolic remission confirming the biological exams. This case report suggests that a chemotherapy such as VCD can efficiently treat plasmacytoma-like PTLD allowing graft survival. Therefore, transplant removal may not be mandatory as the best second line treatment after unsuccessfulness reduction of immunosuppression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Plasmocitoma/diagnóstico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Masculino , Plasmocitoma/tratamento farmacológico , Plasmocitoma/etiologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Transplante Homólogo
14.
Blood ; 132(23): 2456-2464, 2018 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30249784

RESUMO

The introduction of novel agents has led to major improvements in clinical outcomes for patients with multiple myeloma. To shorten evaluation times for new treatments, health agencies are currently examining minimal residual disease (MRD) as a surrogate end point in clinical trials. We assessed the prognostic value of MRD, measured during maintenance therapy by next-generation sequencing (NGS). MRD negativity was defined as the absence of tumor plasma cell within 1 000 000 bone marrow cells (<10-6). Data were analyzed from a recent clinical trial that evaluated the role of transplantation in newly diagnosed myeloma patients treated with lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (RVD). MRD negativity was achieved at least once during maintenance in 127 patients (25%). At the start of maintenance therapy, MRD was a strong prognostic factor for both progression-free survival (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.22; 95% confidence interval, 0.15-0.34; P < .001) and overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.11-0.54; P = .001). Patients who were MRD negative had a higher probability of prolonged progression-free survival than patients with detectable residual disease, regardless of treatment group (RVD vs transplant), cytogenetic risk profile, or International Staging System disease stage at diagnosis. These results were similar after completion of maintenance therapy. Our findings confirm the value of MRD status, as determined by NGS, as a prognostic biomarker in multiple myeloma, and suggest that this approach could be used to adapt treatment strategies in future clinical trials.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Idoso , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/patologia , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Neoplasia Residual , Plasmócitos/metabolismo , Plasmócitos/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(8): 1150-1156, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term efficacy of remission-maintenance regimens in patients with newly diagnosed or relapsing antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitides. METHODS: The 28-month Maintenance of Remission using Rituximab in Systemic ANCA-associated Vasculitis trial compared rituximab with azathioprine to maintain remission in patients with newly diagnosed or relapsing granulomatosis with polyangiitis, microscopic polyangiitis or renal-limited ANCA-associated vasculitis. Thereafter, prospective patient follow-up lasted until month 60. The primary endpoint was the major-relapse rate at month 60. Relapse and serious adverse event-free survival were also assessed. RESULTS: Among the 115 enrolled patients, only one was lost to follow-up at month 60. For the azathioprine and rituximab groups, respectively, at month 60, the major relapse-free survival rates were 49.4% (95% CI 38.0% to 64.3%) and 71.9% (95% CI 61.2% to 84.6%) (p=0.003); minor and major relapse-free survival rates were 37.2% (95% CI 26.5% to 52.2%) and 57.9% (95% CI 46.4% to 72.2%) (p=0.012); overall survival rates were 93.0% (95% CI 86.7% to 99.9%) and 100% (p=0.045) and cumulative glucocorticoid use was comparable. Quality-adjusted time without symptoms and toxicity analysis showed that rituximab-treated patients had 12.6 months more without relapse or toxicity than those given azathioprine (p<0.001). Antiproteinase-3-ANCA positivity and azathioprine arm were independently associated with higher risk of relapse. HRs of positive ANCA to predict relapse increased over time. CONCLUSION: The rate of sustained remission for ANCA-associated vasculitis patients, following rituximab-based or azathioprine-based maintenance regimens, remained superior over 60 months with rituximab, with better overall survival. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT00748644.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Azatioprina/administração & dosagem , Azatioprina/efeitos adversos , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Risco , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
PLoS One ; 13(4): e0193122, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29641520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease which carries variable outcomes. Serum protein electrophoresis is an easily accessible and routinely performed examination at diagnosis, in order to search for hypergammaglobulinemia, which is frequently found, and to rule out other granulomatous diseases such as common variable immunodeficiency. We aimed to assess the impact of baseline immunoglobulin level on the outcome of sarcoidosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort-study, at Rennes University Hospital, in which all newly diagnosed patients for whom a serum protein electrophoresis had been performed at baseline were enrolled, from 2006 to 2014. The main outcome was the need for corticosteroid treatment within 2 years from diagnosis, the secondary outcome was the occurrence of relapse among treated patients. RESULTS: Eighty patients were included in the study, and 41.25% of them exhibited an elevated globulins rate. In univariate analysis, an elevated ACE level >70 U/l, Afro-Caribbean origin, and extra-pulmonary involvement, were associated with the need for corticosteroid treatment. In multivariate analysis, only ACE elevation (OR = 1.03, IC95% 1.01-1.05, p = 0.009) and extra-pulmonary involvement (OR = 5.8, IC95% 1.4-24, p = 0.015) were significant. Immunoglobulin level was not associated with the main outcome. Regarding the secondary outcome, none of the studied features were predictive of relapse among the 34 treated patients followed for two years. CONCLUSIONS: There was no relation between the immunoglobulin level at diagnosis and the evolution of sarcoidosis. An elevated ACE level and the presence of initial extra-pulmonary involvement were both associated with a more severe course of the disease necessitating a corticosteroid treatment.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Eletroforese , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoidose/sangue , Sarcoidose/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Clin Kidney J ; 11(2): 230-235, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29644064

RESUMO

Background: Intensive haemodialysis (IHD) in addition to bortezomib-based chemotherapy might be efficient to rapidly decrease serum immunoglobulin-free light chains removal in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and to improve renal prognosis and survival. Methods: The aim of this retrospective multi-centre study was to compare the efficacy (renal recovery rate) of IHD and of standard haemodialysis (SHD) in patients with MM and dialysis-dependent acute kidney injury (AKI), concomitantly treated with bortezomib-based chemotherapy. Results: We selected 41 patients with MM and dialysis-dependent AKI, most likely due to myeloma cast nephropathy (MCN), and who were treated in eight French hospitals between January 2007 and June 2011. Patients were classified in two groups according to dialysis regimen: IHD [n = 21, with a mean of 11.3 dialysis sessions all with poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) membranes for 13.2 days] and SHD (n = 20 patients, mostly three times per week, 31% with PMMA membrane). The main outcome was dialysis-independence at 3 months. At 3 months, 15 patients could stop dialysis: 8 (38.1%) in the IHD and 7 (35%) in the SHD group (P = 1). Moreover, 14 (56%) of the 25 patients who did show haematological response and only one of the 16 patients who did not were dialysis-independent (P = 0.002) at 3 months. Conclusions: The results of this retrospective study did not show any clear renal benefit of IHD in patients with MM and MCN compared with SHD. Conversely, they underline the importance of the haematological response to chemotherapy for the renal response and patient prognosis.

18.
Eur J Haematol ; 101(1): 48-56, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29644723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of patients suffering from secondary immunodeficiencies (SID) associated with hematological malignancies (HM), who started immunoglobulin replacement therapy (IgRT), physicians' expectations regarding IgRT, and IgRT modalities. METHODS: Non-interventional, prospective French cross-sectional study. RESULTS: The analysis included 231 patients (66 ± 12 years old) suffering from multiple myeloma (MM) (N = 64), chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL) (N = 84), aggressive non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma (aNHL) (N = 32), indolent NHL (N = 39), acute leukemia (N = 6), and Hodgkin disease (N = 6). Of the HM, 47% were currently treated, 42% were relapsing or refractory, 23% of patients had received an autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplant, and 1% had received an allograft. Serum immunoglobulin trough levels in 195 individuals were less than 5 g/L in 68.7% of cases. Most patients had a history of recurrent infections. Immunoglobulin dose was about 400 mg/kg/mo. Half of patients started with subcutaneous infusion. When starting IgRT, physicians mainly expected to prevent severe and moderate infections. They also anticipated improvement in quality of life and survival which is beyond evidence-based medicine. CONCLUSION: NHL is a frequent condition motivating IgRT besides well-recognized indications. Physicians mainly based the decision of starting IgRT on hypogammaglobulinemia and recurrence of infections but, irrespective of current recommendations, were also prepared to start IgRT prophylactically even in the absence of a history of infections.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , França , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/mortalidade , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo
19.
Crit Care ; 22(1): 88, 2018 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29642928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Still disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic inflammatory disorder. A few patients develop organ complications that can be life-threatening. Our objectives were to describe the disease course and phenotype of life-threatening AOSD, including response to therapy and long-term outcome. METHODS: A multicenter case series of intensive care medicine (ICU) patients with life-threatening AOSD and a systematic literature review. RESULTS: Twenty patients were included. ICU admission mostly occurred at disease onset (90%). Disease manifestations included fever (100%), sore throat (65%), skin rash (65%), and arthromyalgia (55%). Serum ferritin was markedly high (median: 29,110 ng/mL). Acute respiratory failure, shock and multiple organ failure occurred in 15 (75%), 10 (50%), and 7 (35%) cases, respectively. Hemophagocytosis was demonstrated in eight cases. Two patients died. Treatment delay was significant. All patients received corticosteroids. Response rate was 50%. As second-line, intravenous immunoglobulins were ineffective. Anakinra was highly effective. After ICU discharge, most patients required additional treatment. Literature analysis included 79 cases of AOSD with organ manifestations, which mainly included reactive hemophagocytic syndrome (42%), acute respiratory failure (34%), and cardiac complications (23%). Response rate to corticosteroids was 68%. Response rates to IVIgs, cyclosporin, and anakinra were 50%, 80%, and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: AOSD should be recognized as a rare cause of sepsis mimic in patients with fever of unknown origin admitted to the ICU. The diagnosis relies on a few simple clinical clues. Early intensive treatment may be discussed. IVIgs should be abandoned. Long-term prognosis is favorable.


Assuntos
Doença de Still de Início Tardio/diagnóstico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/terapia , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Ciclosporina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , França , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Escala Psicológica Aguda Simplificada , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/mortalidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
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