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1.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 154: 106995, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164871

RESUMO

Phylogenetic assessments of functional traits are important for mechanistically understanding the interactions between organisms and environments, but such practices are strongly limited by the availability of phylogenetic frameworks. The tomocerin springtails are an ancient, widespread and ecologically important group of terrestrial arthropods, whereas their phylogeny and trait evolution remained unaddressed. In the present study, we conducted the first comprehensive phylogenetic reconstruction of Tomocerinae, based on a multi-loci molecular dataset covering all major lineages within the subfamily, using Bayesian inference (BI), maximum-likelihood (ML) and maximum-parsimony (MP) approaches. Divergence time was estimated and ancestral character state reconstruction (ACSR) was performed to trace the evolutionary history of five ecomorphological traits correlated with sensory and locomotory functions. Our results support the monophyly of Tomocerinae, and indicate that current classification of Tomocerinae only partially reflects evolutionary relationships, notably the commonest and speciose genus Tomocerus is polyphyletic. The subfamily probably originated in Early Cretaceous and diversified in two Cretaceous and one Eocene radiation events. As indicated by the evolutionary patterns of functional traits, multiple ecological divergences took place during the diversification of Tomocerinae. The study suggests a potential underestimation of ecological divergence and functional diversity in terrestrial arthropods, calls for an update of present trait databases, and demonstrates the value of macroevolutionary knowledge for improving the trait-based ecology. In addition, Tomocerus, Tomocerina and Tritomurus are redefined, a new genus Yoshiicerusgen. n. and new subgenera Coloratomurussubgen. n., Ciliatomurussubgen. n., Striatomurussubgen. n. and Ocreatomurussubgen. n. are described in the appendix.


Assuntos
Artrópodes/classificação , Artrópodes/genética , Biodiversidade , Filogenia , Característica Quantitativa Herdável , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Funções Verossimilhança , Fenótipo , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Zookeys ; 987: 1-40, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223884

RESUMO

Two new species of the genus Troglopedetes Joseph, 1872 (T. meridionalis sp. nov. and T. kae sp. nov.) are described from caves of the Thai peninsula. This is the first report of the genus south of the Kra Isthmus. The two new species have two rows of dental spines shared by all Thai Troglopedetes. They differ from other members of the genus mainly in the arrangement of dorsal chaetotaxy on head. The antennal chaetotaxy of the two species is analysed in detail in the second part of the paper. All types of antennal chaetae of both new species and their distribution patterns are described for each antennal segment: scales, ordinary chaetae, S-chaetae and subapical organite of Ant. IV. Twenty different types of chaetae are recognised and all except one are present in both species. The total numbers of ordinary chaetae and S-chaetae and their patterns of distribution on antenna are very similar between the two species (483 vs. 518 ordinary chaetae; 207 vs. 208 S-chaetae). Each type of chaetae has its own distribution pattern, markedly contrasted between dorsal and ventral side of antennae, and between antennal segments. This diversity of morphologies and distribution patterns and their similarity between the two species, as well as differences with other species of the same family, suggest that antennal chaetotaxy could provide powerful new characters for the taxonomy of Troglopedetes and related genera.

3.
Zootaxa ; 4853(1): zootaxa.4853.1.3, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056384

RESUMO

Based on 225 samples taken from different biotopes in the Edough Massif (northeastern Algeria) from 1998 to 2018, we compiled a list of 91 collembolan species names from the literature, of which 72 can be considered valid records. Fourteen of them are only known from this massif in Algeria, and eight are endemic of northeastern Algeria. These 72 species are spread over 14 families and 49 genera. The family Neanuridae is the most diverse with 18 species, including six species of the genus Friesea. The monotypic genus Edoughnura (Neanurinae) is endemic to the Edough and Collo massifs. Several of the listed species do not fully match the diagnosis of the species to which they have been assigned and may represent undescribed taxa. Entomobryidae as well as several habitats (epigean, deep soil, littoral) remain unsampled or undersampled in Edough, and are likely to host many more species than those listed in this paper.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Argélia , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Ecossistema , Insetos
4.
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc ; 95(6): 1855-1872, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841483

RESUMO

Five decades ago, a landmark paper in Science titled The Cave Environment heralded caves as ideal natural experimental laboratories in which to develop and address general questions in geology, ecology, biogeography, and evolutionary biology. Although the 'caves as laboratory' paradigm has since been advocated by subterranean biologists, there are few examples of studies that successfully translated their results into general principles. The contemporary era of big data, modelling tools, and revolutionary advances in genetics and (meta)genomics provides an opportunity to revisit unresolved questions and challenges, as well as examine promising new avenues of research in subterranean biology. Accordingly, we have developed a roadmap to guide future research endeavours in subterranean biology by adapting a well-established methodology of 'horizon scanning' to identify the highest priority research questions across six subject areas. Based on the expert opinion of 30 scientists from around the globe with complementary expertise and of different academic ages, we assembled an initial list of 258 fundamental questions concentrating on macroecology and microbial ecology, adaptation, evolution, and conservation. Subsequently, through online surveys, 130 subterranean biologists with various backgrounds assisted us in reducing our list to 50 top-priority questions. These research questions are broad in scope and ready to be addressed in the next decade. We believe this exercise will stimulate research towards a deeper understanding of subterranean biology and foster hypothesis-driven studies likely to resonate broadly from the traditional boundaries of this field.

5.
Zookeys ; 945: 99-127, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32714007

RESUMO

Species of the genera of the Cryptopygus complex in South Africa are morphologically revised. Five new species of the genus Cryptopygus Willem, 1902 s. s. and one new species of the genus Isotominella Delamare Deboutteville, 1948 are described. Cryptopygus abulbus sp. nov. and C. bulbus sp. nov. have only one chaeta on the anterior side of dens and no chaetae on the anterior side of manubrium, the latter species being characterized by the presence of a bulb at apex of antennae; C. inflatus sp. nov. shows a rare combination of eight ocelli on each side of the head with a tridentate mucro; C. longisensillus sp. nov. has five long s-chaetae on the fifth abdominal segment; C. postantennalis sp. nov. is unique by having a very long and slender postantennal organ with strong inner denticles; Isotominella laterochaeta sp. nov. is the second member of the genus and differs from the type species by many more anterior chaetae on the manubrium and the presence of chaetae on ventral side of metathorax. The genera are discussed and a key to all species of the Cryptopygus complex recorded in South Africa is given. The focus is on the Western Cape Province where the complex is the most diverse and sampling more complete than in other provinces of South Africa.

6.
Zookeys ; (824): 21-44, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799971

RESUMO

The most highly troglomorphic Collembola of Southeast Asia, Coecobryasirindhornae sp. n., is described from a cave in Satun province, Thai Peninsula. It is characterised by its large size, extremely elongated antennae, relatively long legs and furca, reduced macrochaetotaxy, very long and slender claw, pointed tenent hair, four sublobal hairs on outer maxillary lobe, and the absence of eyes and pigmentation. A checklist of Thai Coecobrya species and a key to the troglomorphic species of Thailand are provided. Troglomorphy and conservation of cave habitats in the area are discussed.

7.
PeerJ ; 6: e5021, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29938135

RESUMO

Species classification is challenging when taxa display limited morphological differences. In this paper, we combined morphology and DNA barcode data to investigate the complicated taxonomy of two Onychiurid Collembolan species. Thalassaphorura thalassophila and Thalassaphorura debilis are among the most common arthropod species in intertidal ecosystems and are often considered to be synonymous. Based on morphological and barcode analyses of fresh material collected in their type localities, we redescribed and compared the two species. However, their morphological distinctiveness was supported by a molecular divergence much smaller than previously reported at the interspecific level among Collembola. This divergence was even smaller than inter-population divergences recognized in the related edaphic species T. zschokkei, as well as those known between MOTUs within many Collembolan species. Our results may indicate a link between low genetic interspecific divergence and intertidal habitat, as the only biological peculiarity of the two species of interest compared to other Collembolan species analyzed to date is their strict intertidal life.

8.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0198367, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29883486

RESUMO

The genus Anthroherpon Reitter, 1889 exhibits the most pronounced troglomorphic characters among Coleoptera, and represents one of the most spectacular radiations of subterranean beetles. However, radiation, diversification, and biogeography of this genus have never been studied in a phylogenetic context. This study provides a comprehensive evolutionary analysis of the Anthroherpon radiation, using a dated molecular phylogeny as a framework for understanding Anthroherpon diversification, reconstructing the ancestral range, and exploring troglomorphic diversity. Based on 16 species and 22 subspecies, i.e. the majority of Anthroherpon diversity, we reconstructed the phylogeny using Bayesian analysis of six loci, both mitochondrial and nuclear, comprising a total of 4143 nucleotides. In parallel, a morphometric analysis was carried out with 79 landmarks on the body that were subjected to geometric morphometrics. We optimized morphometric features to phylogeny, in order to recognize the way troglomorphy was expressed in different clades of the tree, and did character evolution analyses. Finally, we reconstructed the ancestral range of the genus using BioGeoBEARS. Besides further elucidating the suprageneric classification of the East-Mediterranean Leptodirini, our main findings also show that Anthroherpon dates back to the Early Miocene (ca. 22 MYA) and that the genus diversified entirely underground. Biogeographic reconstruction of the ancestral range shows the origin of the genus in the area comprising three high mountains in western Montenegro, which is in the accordance with the available data on the paleogeography of the Balkan Peninsula. Character evolution analysis indicates that troglomorphic morphometric traits in Anthroherpon mostly evolve neutrally but may diverge adaptively under syntopic competition.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/genética , Besouros/classificação , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus/métodos , Animais , Península Balcânica , Teorema de Bayes , Besouros/genética , Evolução Molecular , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
9.
Zootaxa ; 4403(1): 50-60, 2018 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29690243

RESUMO

Two new species of Tomocerus are described from caves in Guizhou and Guangxi Province, China. Tomocerus troglodytes sp. nov. is highly troglomorphic. It belongs to the kinoshitai complex, and is most similar to another eyeless and colourless species Tomocerus caecus, from which it differs as it has longer antennae; 2,2/2,2/2+2/0 versus 2,2/2,5/0/0 cephalic dorsal chaetotaxy formula; 6 versus 4 central macrochaetae on Th. II; 0 versus 2 ungual teeth; unguis devoid of baso-internal ridges; 3-5/3-5, I, 0-1, I versus 4-5/1-2,I-II,0-1,I-II dental spines formula; 2-4 versus 1 tenacular chaetae; and 0 versus 1 mucronal intermediate teeth. In contrast, Tomocerus leyensis sp. nov. is at an earlier stage of troglomorphic adaptation. It resembles several cave-dwelling species of the ocreatus complex in habitus and shape of dental spines, but differs in the following characters: absence of large postantennal organ; cephalic dorsal chaetotaxy formula 2/2,4/2+2/2+2 versus other patterns; larger number of ungual teeth; and only 1 large distal dental spine. The troglomorphic characteristics of the two species are discussed with emphasis on their potential adaptation to cave habitats.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Animais , Cavernas , China , Ecossistema
10.
Zootaxa ; 4394(3): 383-394, 2018 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29690359

RESUMO

Colour pattern is the most common character to identify species in several large genera of Collembola. Its use often raises problems due to various and poorly investigated extent of chromatic variability among species. Isotomurus festus sp. nov. is here described from Kunashir Isl. (the Kuriles, the Far East of Russia). The species, a member of the 'antennalis' group, is characterized by the lack of trichobothria and slender claws, but is greatly variable in coloration. DNA barcoding (COI) results supports that all the colour forms encountered belong to the same species. While colour pattern has been shown to be the most reliable character for species identification in several Entomobryidae genera, it might not be the case in Isotomurus Börner, 1903, the sole large Isotomidae genus where colour pattern is routinely used for taxonomy.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Cor , Extremo Oriente , Ilhas , Federação Russa
11.
Zootaxa ; 4338(2): 319-332, 2017 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29245743

RESUMO

Two new onychiurid species, Thalassaphorura microspinata sp. nov. and T. guangxiensis sp. nov., are reported from the karsts of south China (Guangxi). T. microspinata sp. nov. is similar to T. grandis Sun, Chen & Deharveng, 2010 in having the same dorsal and ventral pso formula, number of pseudocelli on subcoxae 1, number of chaetae in the distal whorl of tibiotarsi and number of p-chaetae between inner posterior pso on head; but it can be recognized by the smaller body size, shorter AS, 5 chaetae on baso-lateral part of labium, distinguishable S-chaetae and absence of chaetae on Th. I sternum. T. guangxiensis sp. nov. possesses the same dorsal pso formula as Chinese species T. reducta Sun, Chen & Deharveng, 2010, T. bapen Sun, Chen & Deharveng, 2010 and T. guangdongensis Sun & Li, 2015a, but they could be separated easily by ventral pso formula, number of pseudocelli on subcoxae 1 and other combined characters. An updated key of world species of the genus Thalassaphorura is provided. The species Thalassaphorura saccardyi (Denis, 1935) is transferred to the genus Protaphorura Absolon, 1901 on examination of the type material. In addition to those listed in Sun et al. (2010), two additional species placed in Thalassaphorura by Parimuchová & Kovác 2016 are considered here as incertae sedis because of insufficient descriptions: Thalassaphorura boskovae (Lucic, Dimitrijevic & Mihajlova, 2003), and T. tamdaona (Nguyen, 1995).


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China
12.
Zookeys ; (658): 131-146, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28435389

RESUMO

Folsomia minoraesp. n. and Folsomia australicasp. n. are described from New Zealand and Australia, respectively. Their possible affinity to two different groups of Cryptopygussensu stricto is discussed. Attention is paid to the variability of sensillary patterns of the genital segment in Cryptopygus: mainly, all s-chaetae are subequal, but in more advanced forms the dorsal triplet, lateral duplet or either of them become macrochaeta-like in length. Cryptopygus ulrikeae (= Folsomia ulrikeae Najt & Thibaud, 1987), comb. n. is given a new generic position.

13.
Zootaxa ; 4232(3): zootaxa.4232.3.5, 2017 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28264367

RESUMO

The new, small cavernicolous species Helmablatta louisrothi gen. et sp. n. (Nocticolidae) from the Tan-Phu cave (Vietnam) is one of the most morphologically interesting cockroaches. The extremely modified upstanding tergal gland composite from three tergites and may serve for gripping the female head during copulation. This presumption is supported by the presence of a central big hook on tergite 8. Furthermore, both wing pairs are uncommonly adapted to help releasing sex pheromones without raising the wings. Histone 3 DNA-based maximum likelihood analyses indicate a recent origin and close phylogenetic relationship between Nocticola spp. and Helmablatta sp.-consistent with the Quaternary age of the source lava tubes.


Assuntos
Baratas , Animais , Cavernas , Feminino , Filogenia , Vietnã , Asas de Animais
14.
Zootaxa ; 4169(2): 301-360, 2016 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27701300

RESUMO

The current knowledge of the Collembolan fauna of Thailand is reported here, based on the checklist of Bedos (1994) completed by data on several taxa described since this date, with an update of the taxonomic status of the species. A total of 194 species from 53 genera and 14 families are listed, that were mostly discovered and described during the last three decades. The updated checklist illustrates a strong unevenness in sampling efforts across space and habitats, and in the degree of taxonomic coverage of the different families of the group. Geographically, only the Doi Inthanon massif can be considered as relatively well known, but even there the species in several major habitats and microhabitats have not been sampled. Data are lacking or much more limited for all other regions of the country. The species richness of Thailand is undoubtedly much more than observed number.


Assuntos
Artrópodes/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Artrópodes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lista de Checagem , Ecossistema , Tailândia
15.
Zootaxa ; 4158(4): 557-68, 2016 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27615903

RESUMO

Three new species of Pseudachorutes are described from the Collo massif in northeastern Algeria, all three with morphological features unique or rare in the genus. P. deficiens sp. nov. lacks chaeta E on the labium, a character only retrieved in P. ouatilouensis Najt & Weiner, 1997 from New Caledonia, from which it differs by the presence of chaeta a2 on Th. II and of chaeta M on tibiotarsus. P. octosensillatus sp. nov. is the only species of the genus that have 8 S-chaetae on Ant IV. P. labiatus sp. nov. has 3 x-papillae on the labium, like P. cf. indiana Christiansen & Bellinger, 1980 from Alaska, from which it differs by the presence of chaeta a2 on Th. II and a lower number of vesicles in PAO (5-6 vs 10-14).


Assuntos
Artrópodes/classificação , Alaska , Argélia , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Artrópodes/anatomia & histologia , Artrópodes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tamanho Corporal , Ecossistema , Feminino , Masculino , Nova Caledônia , Tamanho do Órgão
16.
Zookeys ; (554): 37-68, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26877679

RESUMO

Two new Megalothorax species, Megalothorax potapovi sp. n. from the Russian Far East and Megalothorax sanguineus sp. n. from the French Pyrénées are described. The two new species have a set of morphological characters (including a smooth mucro) that places them among the minimus group sensu Schneider and D'Haese (2013). Megalothorax potapovi characteristics include dorsal protuberance on forehead, peculiar chaetotaxy of antenna III and strong lanceolate chaetae on body. Megalothorax sanguineus characteristics include strong red pigmentation, large network of integumentary channels on head and elongated apex of the two postero-distal spines of dens. The DNA barcodes (cytochrome oxidase subunit I-COI) of the two species are also provided and analyzed among a broader sampling of the genus in order to support further their specific status. A special focus is given to the labral morphological characteristics. Pseudopores-like elements are reported for the first time in the genus. Positions of the τ-chaetae near the dorsal sensory field of thorax II are compared for several species of the genus.

17.
Zootaxa ; 4000(4): 464-72, 2015 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26623737

RESUMO

Deutonura adriani sp. nov. is described from the region of Tizi-Ouzou (Algeria). The species is morphologically similar to D. deficiens deficiens Deharveng, 1979 from southwestern France, differing by not having De3 chaetae integrated into the dorso-external tubercle on abdominal tergites I and II. The genus Deutonura is re-diagnosed and a key to its Western Palaearctic species is provided.


Assuntos
Artrópodes/classificação , Argélia , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Artrópodes/anatomia & histologia , Artrópodes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão
18.
Zootaxa ; 4020(1): 134-52, 2015 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26624092

RESUMO

A new genus and a new species of Paleonurini (Collembola, Neanurinae) are described in this paper. The new species Ectonura snowdeni sp. nov., is the first record of the austral genus Ectonura for the Neotropics. A new genus from Southeast Brazil, Itanura gen. nov., is created based mainly on head tubercles arrangement. Its type species is Neanura brasiliensis Arlé, 1959 comb. nov., which is redescribed with the designation of a lectotype. Its distribution range is expanded with two new records from high altitude mountains of Southeast Brazil. Specimens from these two localities exhibit small morphological differences with those of the type locality, which are discussed.


Assuntos
Artrópodes/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Artrópodes/anatomia & histologia , Artrópodes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tamanho Corporal , Brasil , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão
19.
Zootaxa ; 4033(2): 203-36, 2015 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26624400

RESUMO

Eight new species of the genus Paranura are described from temperate zone of Holarctic. Five of them: Paranura reticulata sp. nov., Paranura oregonensis sp. nov., Paranura reducta sp. nov., Paranura cassagnaui sp. nov. and Paranura microchaetosa sp. nov. were found in coniferous forests of Oregon state, USA. Three others: Paranura kedrovayensis sp. nov., Paranura setosa sp. nov. and Paranura conjuncta sp. nov. were collected in mixed woods of Russian Far East. All new species are illustrated in detail and compared with existing taxa. P. reticulata sp. nov. is characterised by having three ocular chaetae, relatively short chaeta F on head, four ordinary chaetae De on th. III and three chaetae Di in abd. V (in s-uenoi two chaetae). The presence of only one ordinary chaeta De on abdomen IV is the most characteristic and recognizable character of P. oregonensis sp. nov. P. reducta sp. nov. is most diagnostically recognized by labral chaetotaxy, with only 4 chaetae. The species is true saproxylic form living inside decayed logs of coniferous trees only. P. cassagnaui sp. nov. is easy to distinguish by the presence of complete chaetotaxy of central area of head, presence of microchaetae on furcal remnant and the fusion of tubercles Di on abd. V. P. microchaetosa sp. nov. and P. kedrovayensis sp. nov. are superficially very similar to each other in dorsal chaetotaxy, and differ in number of ordinary chaetae De on abd. IV, trochanter and labium, and in the presence/absence of microchaetae on furcal remnant. P. setosa sp. nov. can be easily identified by one or two additional chaetae on central area of head, a character unknown in other species of the genus. P. conjuncta sp. nov. is characterised by the fusion of tubercles Di on abdomen V, the presence of microchaetae on furcal remnant and developed tubercle on central area of head. In addition, P. mjohjangensis Deharveng & Weiner, 1984 is newly recorded from Russia. An updated key to all world species of Paranura is also provided.


Assuntos
Artrópodes/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Artrópodes/anatomia & histologia , Artrópodes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biodiversidade , Tamanho Corporal , Ecossistema , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Federação Russa , Estados Unidos
20.
Zootaxa ; 4039(2): 249-75, 2015 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26624478

RESUMO

The species Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) absoloni Kseneman, 1938 is redescribed in detail and characterized by its barcode, based on specimens from its type locality in Montenegro. A neotype is designated. Dorsal S-chaetotaxy is given for the first time in the subgenus Verhoeffiella. Chaeta morphology and distribution are thoroughly analyzed, in particular on antennae where 12 chaetal types are recognized. Several morphological features are newly described for the genus and for Heteromurinae. The widely disjunct distribution of the species is approached through morphological and molecular comparison of specimens from the type locality in Montenegro and from the Catalan population. We established that this last record is a new species described here as  Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) gamae sp. nov. New combination is proposed Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) constantinellus (Curcic & Lucic in Lucic, Curcic & Mitic 2007) comb. nov. A table of all species of the subgenus is provided. The taxonomic status of Verhoeffiella and the problems of species discriminations in the subgenus are discussed.


Assuntos
Artrópodes/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Artrópodes/anatomia & histologia , Artrópodes/genética , Artrópodes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Tamanho do Órgão , Filogenia , Espanha
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