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1.
Nano Lett ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348146

RESUMO

Because of the toxicity of lead, searching for a lead-free halide perovskite semiconducting material with comparable optical and electronic properties is of great interest. Rare-earth-based halide perovskite represents a promising class of materials for this purpose. In this work, we demonstrate the solution-phase synthesis of single-crystalline CsEuCl3 nanocrystals with a uniform size distribution centered around 15 nm. The CsEuCl3 nanocrystals have photoluminescence emission centered at 435 nm, with a full width at half-maximum of 19 nm. Furthermore, CsEuCl3 nanocrystals can be embedded in a polymer matrix that provides enhanced stability under continuous laser irradiation. Lead-free rare-earth cesium europium halide perovskite nanocrystals represent a promising candidate to replace lead halide perovskites.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(35): 13977-13986, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436416

RESUMO

The chemical reactivity and/or the diffusion of Ag atoms or ions during thermal processing can cause irreversible structural damage, hindering the application of Ag nanowires (NWs) in transparent conducting films and other applications that make use of the material's nanoscale properties. Here, we describe a simple and effective method for growing monolayer SnO2 on the surface of Ag nanowires under ambient conditions, which protects the Ag nanowires from chemical and structural damage. Our results show that Sn2+ and Ag atoms undergo a redox reaction in the presence of water. First-principle simulations suggest a reasonable mechanism for SnO2 formation, showing that the interfacial polarization of the silver by the SnO2 can significantly reduce the affinity of Ag to O2, thereby greatly reducing the oxidation of the silver. The corresponding values (for example, before coating: 17.2 Ω/sq at 86.4%, after coating: 19.0 Ω/sq at 86.6%) show that the deposition of monolayer SnO2 enables the preservation of high transparency and conductivity of Ag. In sharp contrast to the large-scale degradation of pure Ag-NW films including the significant reduction of its electrical conductivity when subjected to a series of harsh corrosion environments, monolayer SnO2 coated Ag-NW films survive structurally and retain their electrical conductivity. Consequently, the thermal, electrical, and chemical stability properties we report here, and the simplicity of the technology used to achieve them, are among the very best reported for transparent conductor materials to date.

4.
Nano Lett ; 18(8): 5329-5334, 2018 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30011211

RESUMO

Reducing the diameter of silver nanowires has been proven to be an effective way to improve their optoelectronic performance by lessening light attenuation. The state-of-the-art silver nanowires are typically around 20 nm in diameter. Herein we report a modified polyol synthesis of silver nanowires with average diameters as thin as 13 nm and aspect ratios up to 3000. The success of this synthesis is based on the employment of benzoin-derived radicals in the polyol approach and does not require high-pressure conditions. The strong reducing power of radicals allows the reduction of silver precursors to occur at relatively low temperatures, wherein the lateral growth of silver nanowires is restrained because of efficient surface passivation. The optoelectronic performance of as-prepared 13 nm silver nanowires presents a sheet resistance of 28 Ω sq-1 at a transmittance of 95% with a haze factor of ∼1.2%, comparable to that of commercial indium tin oxide (ITO).

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(21): 7348-7354, 2017 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28482149

RESUMO

Copper nanowire networks are considered a promising alternative to indium tin oxide as transparent conductors. The fast degradation of copper in ambient conditions, however, largely overshadows their practical applications. Here, we develop the synthesis of ultrathin Cu@Au core-shell nanowires using trioctylphosphine as a strong binding ligand to prevent galvanic replacement reactions. The epitaxial overgrowth of a gold shell with a few atomic layers on the surface of copper nanowires can greatly enhance their resistance to heat (80 °C), humidity (80%) and air for at least 700 h, while their optical and electrical performance remained similar to the original high-performance copper (e.g., sheet resistance 35 Ω sq-1 at transmittance of ∼89% with a haze factor <3%). The precise engineering of core-shell nanostructures demonstrated in this study offers huge potential to further explore the applications of copper nanowires in flexible and stretchable electronic and optoelectronic devices.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(8): 3027-3032, 2017 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28141927

RESUMO

In this work, we report a new, general synthetic approach that uses heat driven benzoin radicals to grow ultrathin copper nanowires with tunable diameters. This is the first time carbon organic radicals have been used as a reducing agent in metal nanowire synthesis. In-situ temperature dependent electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic studies show that the active reducing agent is the free radicals produced by benzoins under elevated temperature. Furthermore, the reducing power of benzoin can be readily tuned by symmetrically decorating functional groups on the two benzene rings. When the aromatic rings are modified with electron donating (withdrawing) groups, the reducing power is promoted (suppressed). The controllable reactivity gives the carbon organic radical great potential as a versatile reducing agent that can be generalized in other metallic nanowire syntheses.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 47(7): 2649-60, 2008 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18330983

RESUMO

Nickel superoxide dismutase (NiSOD) is a recently discovered metalloenzyme that catalyzes the disproportionation of O2(*-) into O2 and H2O2. In its reduced state, the mononuclear Ni(II) ion is ligated by two cis-cysteinate sulfurs, an amine nitrogen (from the protein N-terminus), and an amide nitrogen (from the peptide backbone). Unlike many small molecule and metallopeptide-based NiN2S2 complexes, S-based oxygenation is not observed in NiSOD. Herein we explore the spectroscopic properties of a series of three Ni(II)N2S2 complexes (bisamine-ligated (bmmp-dmed)Ni(II), amine/amide-ligated (Ni(II)(BEAAM))(-), and bisamide-ligated (Ni(II)(emi))(2-)) with varying amine/amide ligation to determine the origin of the dioxygen stability of NiSOD. Ni L-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) demonstrates that there is a progression in ligand-field strength with (bmmp-dmed)Ni(II) having the weakest ligand field and (Ni(II)(emi))(2-)) having the strongest ligand field. Furthermore, these Ni L-edge XAS studies also show that all three complexes are highly covalent with (Ni(II)(BEEAM))(-) having the highest degree of metal-ligand covalency of the three compounds studied. S K-edge XAS also shows a high degree of Ni-S covalency in all three complexes. The electronic structures of the three complexes were probed using both hybrid-DFT and multiconfigurational SORCI calculations. These calculations demonstrate that the nucleophilic Ni(3d)/S(pi)* HOMO of these NiN2S2 complexes progressively decreases in energy as the amide-nitrogens are replaced with amine nitrogens. This decrease in energy of the HOMO deactivates the Ni-center toward O2 reactivity. Thus, the Ni-S bond is protected from S-based oxygenation explaining the enhanced stability of the NiSOD active-site toward oxygenation by dioxygen.


Assuntos
Amidas/química , Aminas/química , Níquel/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Enxofre/química , Superóxido Dismutase/química , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Elétrons , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Espectrofotometria
9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 127(10): 3423-32, 2005 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15755161

RESUMO

Osmium tetroxide is reduced by molecular hydrogen in the presence of ligands in both polar and nonpolar solvents. In CHCl3 containing pyridine (py) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), OsO4 is reduced by H2 to the known Os(VI) dimers L2Os(O)2(mu-O)2Os(O)2L2 (L2 = py2, phen). However, in the absence of ligands in CHCl3 and other nonpolar solvents, OsO4 is unreactive toward H2 over a week at ambient temperatures. In basic aqueous media, H2 reduces OsO4(OH)n(n-) (n = 0, 1, 2) to the isolable Os(VI) complex, OsO2(OH)4(2-), at rates close to that found in py/CHCl3. Depending on the pH, the aqueous reactions are exergonic by deltaG = -20 to -27 kcal mol(-1), based on electrochemical data. The second-order rate constants for the aqueous reactions are larger as the number of coordinated hydroxide ligands increases, k(OsO4) = 1.6(2) x 10(-2) M(-1) s(-1) < k(OsO4(OH)-) = 3.8(4) x 10(-2) M(-1) s(-1) < k(OsO4(OH)2(2-)) = 3.8(4) x 10(-1) M(-1) s(-1). The observation of primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects, k(H2)/k(D2) = 3.1(3) for OsO4 and 3.6(4) for OsO4(OH)-, indicates that the rate-determining step in each case involves H-H bond cleavage. Density functional calculations and thermochemical arguments favor a concerted [3+2] addition of H2 across two oxo groups of OsO4(L)n and argue against H* or H- abstraction from H2 or [2+2] addition of H2 across one Os=O bond. The [3+2] mechanism is analogous to that of alkene addition to OsO4(L)n to form diolates, for which acceleration by added ligands has been extensively documented. The observation that ligands also accelerate H2 addition to OsO4(L)n highlights the analogy between these two reactions.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 127(9): 2832-3, 2005 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15740101

RESUMO

Aqueous alkaline OsO4 at 85 degrees C oxidizes saturated alkanes, including primary, secondary, and tertiary C-H bonds. Isobutane affords tert-butanol in quantitative yield based on consumed OsO4. Cyclohexane is oxidized to a mixture of adipate and succinate. Ethane and propane are oxidized to acetate, which itself is further oxidized under the reaction conditions. A few turnovers of isobutane oxidation have been accomplished using NaIO4 as the terminal oxidant. The alkane oxidation is an example of ligand accelerated catalysis, as hydroxide binding to OsO4 is required for reaction. A concerted mechanism involving [3+2] addition of a C-H bond to two oxo groups of OsO4(OH)- is suggested, analogous to the pathways for dihydroxylation of alkenes by OsO4(L) and for addition of H2 to OsO4(L).


Assuntos
Álcoois/síntese química , Alcanos/química , Tetróxido de Ósmio/química , Oxirredução
11.
Inorg Chem ; 42(2): 605-11, 2003 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12693245

RESUMO

TpOs(N)(OAc)2 (2) is formed upon reaction of TpOs(N)Cl2 (1) with excess silver acetate (Tp = hydrotrispyrazolylborate). Treatment of 2 with protic acids HX gives the osmium(VI) complexes TpOs(N)X2, where X = trifluoroacetate (TFA, 3), trichloroacetate (TCA, 4), tribromoacetate (TBA, 5), bromide (6), oxalate (X2 = O2C2O2, 7), or nitrate (ONO2, 8). Cyclic voltammetry studies of 1-8 show irreversible reductions of OsVI to OsV, varying over a range of 0.63 V. Much smaller relative variations are observed in 15N NMR chemical shifts, v(Os identical to N) stretching frequencies, and optical absorbances. Compounds 1-8 all react with PPh3 by nucleophilic attack at the nitride ligand, yielding TpOs(NPPh3)X2. The reactions are accelerated by more electron withdrawing ligands X. The relative rates correlate with the peak reduction potentials although the effect is small: the rates vary by only 10(2) while the 0.63 V change in Ep,c corresponds to a change in equilibrium constant for electron transfer of approximately 10(11). Compounds 1-8 also react with triphenylboron, BPh3, with formation of borylanilido complexes TpOs[N(Ph)BPh2]X2. However, rate constants for reactions with BPh3 to yield OsIV boryl-amido complexes do not in general correlate with one-electron-reduction potentials. This is likely due to the mechanism of the BPh3 reactions being a two-step process and not simply nucleophilic attack.

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