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1.
Clin Transplant ; : e13681, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369170

RESUMO

There is no recommendation regarding the type of induction therapy to use in ABO-incompatible (ABOi) kidney transplantation. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the outcome of ABOi living donor kidney transplant (LDKT) recipients who received either polyclonal antibodies or anti-interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) blockers as an induction agent. All ABOi HLA-compatible patients that received a LDKT between 03/11 and 03/18 in three French transplantation center (Paris Saint-Louis, Paris Necker, and Toulouse) were included in the study. Fifty-eight patients were given polyclonal antibodies and 39 patients received anti-IL-2R blockers. We identified by a Cox proportional hazard model the use of polyclonal antibodies as a protective factor against acute rejection (HR = 0.4, 95%CI [0-0.9], P < .05). However, pathological findings on protocol biopsies at 1 year were similar in both groups, as were patient and graft survivals, renal function, and complications. We conclude that the acute rejection rate was significantly higher in patients given anti-IL-2R blockers compared to polyclonal antibodies. However, in our series, there was no negative impact on mid-term outcome.

2.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 19(1): 130, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk of over-immunosuppression or immunization may mitigate the overall and long-term renal outcomes of kidney transplant recipients (KTR) admitted to the ICU in the modern era but remain poorly described. Thus, there is an unmet need to better characterize the survival of KTR admitted to the ICU, but also the renal and immunological outcomes of survivors. METHODS: Retrospective observational study that included 200 KTR admitted between 2010 and 2016 to the ICU of a teaching hospital (median age 61 years [IQR 50.7-68]; time from transplantation 41 months [IQR 5-119]). Survival curves were compared using the Log-rank test. RESULTS: Mortality rates following admission to the ICU was low (26.5% at month-6), mainly related to early mortality (20% in-hospital), and predicted by the severity of the acute condition (SAPS2 score) but also by Epstein Barr Virus proliferation in the weeks preceding the admission to the ICU. Acute kidney injury (AKI) was highly prevalent (85.1%). Progression toward chronic kidney disease (CKD) was observed in 45.1% of survivors. 15.1% of survivors developed new anti-HLA antibodies (donor-specific antibodies 9.2% of cases) that may impact the long-term renal transplantation function. CONCLUSIONS: Notwithstanding the potential biases related to the retrospective and monocentric nature of this study, our findings obtained in a large cohort of KTR suggest that survival of KTR admitted in ICU is good but in-ICU management of these patients may alter both survival and AKI to CKD transition, as well as HLA immunization. Further interventional studies, including systematic characterization of the Epstein Barr virus proliferation at the admission (i.e., a potential surrogate marker of an underlying immune paralysis and frailty) will need to address the optimal management of immunosuppressive regimen in ICU to improve survival but also renal and immunological outcomes.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348518

RESUMO

The prognosis of sickle cell disease (SCD) patients who need dialysis is poor, but experience with kidney transplantation is limited. This study assessed the characteristics of 36 SCD patients undergoing renal transplantation. Immediate post-surgical complications occurred in 25% of cases. Cytomegalovirus and bacterial infections were frequently observed. Twelve patients died after a median follow-up period of 17·4 months. Overall patient survival was significantly lower in SCD than in the control group without significant difference for overall death-censored graft survival. Our data suggest that renal transplantation should be systematically considered in SCD patients with end-stage renal disease.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257944

RESUMO

Objectives: Intravenous iron and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents are used to manage anemia in chronic hemodialysis patients. The interchangeability between intravenous iron sucrose preparations is still debated. We evaluated how cost and effectiveness were impacted when chronic hemodialysis patients were switched from an original iron sucrose product to an iron sucrose similar preparation. Methods: A single center sequential observational retrospective study was conducted at a French hospital. The same patients were followed during two 24-week periods (iron sucrose in period P1; and iron sucrose similar in period P2). Anemia-related treatment costs were assessed in P1 and P2 from a hospital perspective. Sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the robustness of the results. Results: Our study included 109 patients (105 analyzed patients and 4 patients with missing data). The mean hemoglobin level was not different between P1 and P2 (p = 0.92). The mean differential cost per patient was + €13.90 (P2 - P1). The factors with the biggest impact on this result were the prices of epoetin alfa and iron sucrose. Conclusion: This cost minimization analysis suggests that for chronic hemodialysis patients, iron sucrose and iron sucrose similar have the same efficacy and that using iron sucrose similar was more expensive in 66.7% of iterations.

5.
Transpl Infect Dis ; 21(4): e13093, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been recently suggested that occult hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and hepatitis E virus (HEV) reactivation might occur after direct acting antiviral agent-induced (DAA-induced) sustained virological response (SVR). The aim of our study was to identify occult HCV and HEV infection in a cohort of organ transplant patients who had achieved SVR and had persistent elevation in liver-enzyme levels. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Sixty-six liver and/or kidney transplant patients were treated with DAAs. All but one achieved SVR12. Twenty-nine (8-39) months post-SVR12, 8 of the 65 patients (12.3%) who achieved SVR12 had persistently elevated liver enzyme levels. In 1 patient, this was related to hepatitis B virus reactivation. In the 7 remaining patients, blood samples (n = 7), liver biopsies (n = 4), and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) (n = 7) were collected simultaneously in order to identify occult HCV or HEV infection. RESULTS: Hepatitis C virus RNA and HEV RNA were not detected in serum, liver tissues, or PBMCs. No HEV reactivation was observed after HCV clearance in patients who had anti-HEV IgG. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that there is no occult HCV or HEV infection in transplant patients after successful treatment of HCV infection with DAAs, even in patients with a persistent elevation of liver enzyme levels. However, due to the small number of patients included in our study, this finding should be confirmed in a larger cohort.

6.
Kidney Int ; 95(4): 896-904, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819555

RESUMO

While direct measurements of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) provide the most accurate evaluation of pre-donation kidney function, guidelines do not systematically require the use of a reference method. We evaluated whether and to what extent relying upon creatinine-based estimating equations (eGFR) rather than direct measurement of GFR (mGFR) alters the selection of potential living donors. We compared the impact of 4 equations (the MDRD study equation, the CKD-EPI equation, the revised Lund-Malmö equation, and the full age spectrum [FAS] equation) on the evaluation of 2733 potential donors with GFR measured by reference methods. We also considered the impact of using either absolute or age-adapted GFR thresholds. The CKD-EPI and FAS equations had the best performances (P10 of 50.6% and 47.8%; P30 of 94.4% and 93.1%, respectively) and led to the lowest proportion of improperly evaluated candidates. Misclassification was more frequent when GFR adequacy was defined as an absolute threshold of 90 ml/min/1.73m2 as compared to an age-adapted definition (26% and 5%, respectively). Interpretation of eGFR according to an absolute threshold of 90 ml/min/1.73m2 identified 1804 candidates eligible to donate, compared to 2648 when mGFR was interpreted with age-adapted thresholds. We conclude that creatinine-based estimates cannot substitute for direct GFR measurement to evaluate candidates for kidney donation. When reference methods for direct GFR measurement are not available, our data suggest that a strategy based on age-adapted eGFR values estimated with either the CKD-EPI or FAS equation should be preferred.

7.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 17(3): 313-319, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Antibody-mediated rejection is a main cause of long-term kidney allograft loss. Nonad-herence and tacrolimus intrapatient variability have been identified as risk factors for developing de novo donor-specific antibodies. Tacrolimus, given once daily, can improve adherence and reduce variabilities among patients. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to compare the incidences of donor-specific antibodies at 2 years posttransplant in de novo kidney transplant recipients given tacrolimus either once or twice daily. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-HLA sensitized de novo kidney-transplant recipients given tacrolimus either once daily (n = 82) or twice daily (n = 168), combined with mycophenolic acid with or without steroids, were included in the study. All patients were screened for anti-HLA antibodies before transplant, at 6, 12, and 24 months posttransplant, and each time the patient presented with impaired kidney function. RESULTS: The 2-year incidence of donor-specific antibodies was 2.8%. During the follow-up period, 6 patients (3.6%) receiving tacrolimus twice daily and one patient (1.2%) receiving tacrolimus once daily developed a donor-specific antibody (P = .43). The incidence of antibody-mediated rejection was 4.8% under tacrolimus once daily and 2.7% under tacrolimus twice daily (P = .5). Tacrolimus intrapatient variability was similar with both formulations and was not associated with development of donor-specific antibodies. CONCLUSIONS: The use of tacrolimus-based immunosup-pression associated with mycophenolic acid was associated with a low risk of de novo donor-specific antibodies. After 2 years, the incidence of de novo donor-specific antibodies did not differ significantly between patients treated with tacrolimus once daily versus those treated with the twice-daily formulation.

9.
Adv Ther ; 36(2): 462-477, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552587

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Different prolonged-release formulations of tacrolimus are available. To date, the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of LCP-tacrolimus (LCPT; Envarsus®) has not been compared with PR-Tac (Advagraf®) in de novo kidney transplant recipients. These profiles will guide clinical recommendations for the initiation and dose titration strategies of once-daily tacrolimus formulations. METHODS: This randomized, parallel-group, open-label, multicenter PK study randomized 75 de novo, adult, white kidney transplant recipients to LCPT 0.17 mg/kg/day (n = 37) or PR-Tac 0.20 mg/kg/day (n = 38) for 4 weeks. Dose adjustments were permitted to target a pre-defined therapeutic range based on measured trough blood concentrations. RESULTS: PK analysis (days 1, 3, 7 and 14) included 68 patients (LCPT, n = 33; PR-Tac, n = 35). Similar proportions of patients were within the pre-defined therapeutic tacrolimus trough blood concentration range, with < 12% in each group having below-target trough levels over the study period. LCPT demonstrated ~ 30% greater relative bioavailability [LCPT/PR-Tac adjusted geometric mean ratio: day 3, 1.32 (p = 0.007); day 7, 1.25 (p = 0.051); day 14, 1.43 (p = 0.002)] and ~ 30% lower peak-to-trough percentage fluctuation of blood concentration [LCPT/PR-Tac adjusted geometric mean ratio: day 3, 0.70 (p < 0.001); day 7, 0.68 (p < 0.001); day 14, 0.73 (p = 0.004)] in addition to longer time to maximum blood concentration (tmax), lower maximum concentration (Cmax) and a consistently lower daily dose (~ 40% dose reduction with LCPT vs. PR-Tac by day 28). Safety profiles were similar. CONCLUSION: In de novo kidney transplant recipients, prolonged-release formulations of tacrolimus can reach therapeutic concentrations in the immediate post-transplant period. LCPT has greater relative bioavailability and lower peak-to-trough fluctuation compared with PR-Tac. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov; study number NCT02500212. FUNDING: Chiesi Farmaceutici S.p.A.

11.
Kidney Int ; 94(3): 616-624, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30143068

RESUMO

Recommendations on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) threshold compatible with living kidney donation are not agreed upon. The recent KDIGO guidelines suggested a reset of the conventional cutoff value of 80 to 90 mL/min/1.73 m2. While GFR physiologically declines with age, it is unclear whether and how age should be taken into account for selecting acceptable pre-donation GFR. In this multicenter retrospective study encompassing 2007 kidney donors in France, we evaluated the impact of age using two threshold measured GFR (mGFR)s (80 and 90 mL/min/1.73 m2). Three groups of donors were defined according to baseline mGFR: below 80, 80-89.9 and 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 or more. Thirty-two percent of donors were selected despite an mGFR below 90 mL/min/1.73 m2. Donors with the lowest mGFR were significantly older (60 ± 9 vs. 47 ± 11 years) and this applied to both male and female donors. The lifetime-standardized renal reserve, defined as the pre-donation mGFR value divided by the expected number of remaining years of life, was similar irrespective of baseline mGFR groups. Similar results were obtained when eGFR was used instead of mGFR. Finally, in a subgroup of 132 donors with repeated mGFR five years after donation, the magnitude of mGFR decrease was similar in all groups (-34.3%, -33.9%, and -34.9% respectively). Thus, the decision to accept individuals with mGFR lower than 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 for kidney donation is highly dependent on the age of the candidate. Hence, threshold values lower than 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 are reasonable for older donors. Age-calibrated mGFR may improve efficiency of the selection process.

12.
Liver Int ; 38(12): 2178-2189, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29845733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: An association between hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection and cryoglobulinemia has been suggested. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of cryoglobulinemia during HEV infection in solid-organ-transplant (SOT) recipients, to describe its outcomes under ribavirin therapy and to evaluate its effects on kidney function and histology. METHODS: Between November 2005 and June 2016, 128 cases of HEV infection were diagnosed among SOT recipients followed in our institution. Cryoglobulinemia data obtained from 66 patients during acute-phase HEV and 51 patients during chronic-phase HEV were compared to a historical control group of 89 SOT recipients without HEV markers. Cryoglobulins were also monitored in a group of 43 patients treated by ribavirin. RESULTS: The prevalence of cryoglobulinemia was increased in HEV-infected SOT patients during a chronic phase (52.9%) compared to HEV-infected SOT patients at acute phase (36.4%) (P = .1) and to HEV-negative SOT patients (23.6%) (P < .001). HEV infection was identified as an independent predictive factor for cryoglobulinemia (OR 2.3, CI 95%: 1.17-4.55, P = .02). After ribavirin therapy and HEV clearance, the prevalence of cryoglobulin was significantly decreased from 53.5% to 20.9% (P = .003). Kidney function was significantly worse and proteinuria tended to be higher in chronically HEV-infected patients with cryoglobulinemia compared to those without cryoglobulinemia. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis was diagnosed in 2 patients, of which 1 had detectable cryoglobulinemia. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, a relationship between HEV and cryoglobulin formation seems to exist. However, the clinical impact of cryoglobulinemia in SOT patients infected with HEV has to be confirmed.

13.
Transpl Infect Dis ; 20(4): e12917, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29800505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple risk factors for BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) replication after kidney transplantation have been described. Here, we investigated the impact of living donors' urinary BKPyV shedding and recipients' BKPyV antibody status pre-transplant on BKPyV replication during the first year post-transplantation. METHODS: We assessed a cohort of living kidney donors and their paired recipients (n = 121). All donors were tested before transplantation, and recipients were tested before and after transplantation for BKPyV viruria and viremia. BKPyV-specific serology was assessed in all recipients at transplantation. RESULTS: Ten of 121 donors (8.3%) had urinary BKPyV shedding pre-transplant, none had viremia. Overall, 33 (27.3%) recipients developed viruria after transplantation: 7 had received a kidney from a donor with BK viruria (7/10 positive donors) and 26 had received a kidney from a donor without BK viruria (26/111 negative donors; P = .0015). Fifteen (12.4%) recipients developed BK viremia after transplantation: 3 received a kidney from a donor with viruria (3/10 positive donors, 30%) and 12 received a kidney from a donor without viruria (12/111 negative donors, 11%; P = .08). One patient developed proven nephropathy. Ninety-one percent of recipients were seropositive for BKPyV. No relationship between recipients' sero-reactivity at transplantation and post-transplant BKPyV replication was observed. Pre-transplant donor urinary shedding was an independent risk factor for post-transplant BKPyV replication. CONCLUSION: Screening living kidney donors for BKPyV can identify recipients at higher risk for BKPyV replication after transplantation who may benefit from intensified post-transplant screening and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Vírus BK/isolamento & purificação , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Doadores Vivos , Infecções por Polyomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/epidemiologia , Adulto , Aloenxertos/virologia , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Rejeição de Enxerto/virologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Rim/virologia , Nefropatias/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Polyomavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Polyomavirus/urina , Infecções por Polyomavirus/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Testes Sorológicos , Transplantados , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/transmissão , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/urina , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/virologia
14.
World J Gastroenterol ; 24(16): 1795-1802, 2018 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29713132

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the role of tacrolimus intra-patient variability (IPV) in adult liver-transplant recipients. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed tacrolimus variability in a cohort of liver-transplant recipients and analyzed its effect on the occurrence of graft rejection and de novo donor-specific antibodies (dnDSAs), as well as graft survival during the first 2 years posttransplantation. Between 02/08 and 06/2015, 116 patients that received tacrolimus plus mycophenolate mofetil (with or without steroids) were included. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients (18.5%) experienced at least one acute-rejection episode (BPAR). Predictive factors for a BPAR were a tacrolimus IPV of > 35% [OR = 3.07 95%CI (1.14-8.24), P = 0.03] or > 40% [OR = 4.16 (1.38-12.50), P = 0.01), and a tacrolimus trough level of < 5 ng/mL [OR=3.68 (1.3-10.4), P =0.014]. Thirteen patients (11.2%) developed at least one dnDSA during the follow-up. Tacrolimus IPV [coded as a continuous variable: OR = 1.1, 95%CI (1.0-1.12), P = 0.006] of > 35% [OR = 4.83, 95%CI (1.39-16.72), P = 0.01] and > 40% [OR = 9.73, 95%CI (2.65-35.76), P = 0.001] were identified as predictors to detect dnDSAs. IPV did not impact on patient- or graft-survival rates during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: Tacrolimus-IPV could be a useful tool to identify patients with a greater risk of graft rejection and of developing a de novo DSA after liver transplantation.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Isoanticorpos/sangue , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Tacrolimo/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/sangue , Rejeição de Enxerto/mortalidade , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/efeitos dos fármacos , Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Razão de Chances , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Tacrolimo/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Transplantation ; 102(9): 1545-1552, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29570163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of belatacept is not yet approved for maintenance in kidney transplant patients. This retrospective multicenter European study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of conversion to belatacept in a large cohort of patients in a real-life setting and to identify the predictive factors for improved kidney function after the switch. METHODS: Two hundred nineteen maintenance kidney transplant patients from 5 European kidney transplant centers were converted to belatacept at 21.2 months (0.1-337.1 months) posttransplantation, mainly because of impaired kidney function. Thirty-two patients were converted to belatacept within the first 3 months posttransplantation. The mean duration of follow-up was 21.9 ± 20.2 months. RESULTS: The actuarial rate of patients still on belatacept-based therapy was 77.6%. Mean estimated glomerular filtration rate increased from 32 ± 16.4 at baseline to 38 ± 20 mL/min per 1.73 m (P < 0.0001) at last follow-up. Conversion to belatacept before 3 months posttransplantation was the main predictive factor for a significant increase in estimated glomerular filtration rate (of 5 and 10 mL/min per 1.73 m at 3 and 12 months after the switch, respectively). Eighteen patients (8.2%) presented with an acute rejection episode after conversion; 3 developed a donor-specific antibody. Overall efficacy and safety were good, including for the 35 patients that had a donor-specific antibody at conversion. CONCLUSIONS: The conversion to belatacept was effective, especially when performed early after transplantation.

16.
Transpl Int ; 31(4): 408-423, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29210106

RESUMO

The impact of preemptive second kidney transplantation (2KT) on graft and patient survival is poorly established. The association between preemptive 2KT (p2KT, N = 93) and outcomes was estimated in a multicenter French cohort of 2KT (N = 1314) recipients using propensity score methods. During the follow-up, there were 274 returns to dialysis and 134 deaths. p2KT was associated with lower death-censored graft loss (HR = 0.39 [0.18-0.88], P = 0.024) and graft failure from any cause including death (HR = 0.42 [0.22-0.80], P = 0.008). Similar associations were observed for death with a functioning graft, although not reaching statistical significance (HR = 0.47 [0.17-1.26], P = 0.13). There was a significant interaction between donor type and p2KT (P for interaction = 0.016). Indeed, p2KT was not significantly associated with the risk of graft failure from any cause including death in living donor 2KT (P = 0.39), whereas the association was substantial in the deceased donor subset (HR = 0.30 [0.14-0.64], P = 0.002). Of note, the adjusted graft survival of p2KT with deceased donor paralleled that of 2KT with living donor, either preemptive or not (93.8% vs. 88.6% at 4 years and 76.1% vs. 70.5% at 8 years, P = 0.13). This large French multicenter study analyzed using propensity scores suggests that p2KT is associated with better graft prognosis.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Reoperação/mortalidade , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Case Rep Transplant ; 2017: 1084718, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29230343

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is often observed after heart transplantation. In this setting, acute tubular necrosis is the main histological finding on kidneys. We report the unusual pathology found in a kidney from a heart-transplant patient. The patient experienced several hemodynamic insults, massive transfusion, and implantation of a mechanical circulatory-support device before heart transplantation: there was prolonged AKI after transplantation. A kidney biopsy revealed acute tubular necrosis and renal hemosiderosis, which was probably related to the transfusion and to mechanical circulatory-support device-induced intravascular hemolysis. Assessment of iron during resuscitation could have prevented, at least partly, AKI.

20.
Liver Transpl ; 23(7): 880-886, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28477360

RESUMO

Recent data have confirmed the negative impact of preformed donor-specific antibodies (pDSAs) after liver transplantation (LT). In order to reduce the risk of developing lesions associated with acute and chronic antibody-mediated rejection in LT recipients, we evaluated the consequences in terms of transplant accessibility, associated with avoiding pDSAs according to several mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) titer thresholds that have been previously reported to be relevant in LT. Among the 484 included LT candidates, 99 (20.5%) presented with anti-human leukocyte antibodies (HLAs). The predictive factors for anti-HLA sensitization were a history of previous kidney transplantation (odds ratio [OR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30-1.9; P = 0.05), a history of previous LT (OR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.6-2.1; P = 0.01), a history of blood transfusion (OR, 2.5; 95% CI, 2.2-4.1; P = 0.01), and a history of pregnancy (OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 2.4-3.3; P = 0.04). By applying a strategy of unacceptable mismatches for recipients with an antibody (Ab) MFI of > 5000, only 35 patients were affected (7% of the cohort), but 22 of these (63%) would have been considered incompatible with >50% of the donors. Using a MFI threshold of >10,000, only 16 patients were affected (1.4% of the cohort), but half of these would have been considered incompatible with >50% of the proposed donors. Considering only those with anti-class II Ab and a MFI >5000 and >10,000, respectively, 10/14 and 4/8 patients were considered incompatible with >50% of the donors. In conclusion, avoiding pDSAs affects a small but not negligible proportion of LT candidates. However, in these sensitive patients, avoiding pDSAs has the potential to significantly reduce the donor pool and, consequently, transplant accessibility. Liver Transplantation 23 880-886 2017 AASLD.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Isoanticorpos/imunologia , Transplante de Fígado , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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