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1.
J Bone Miner Res ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Mutations in SQSTM1 are strongly associated with Paget's disease of bone (PDB) but little is known about the clinical characteristics of those with early disease. METHODS: Radionuclide bone scans, biochemical markers of bone turnover and clinical characteristics were analysed in SQSTM1 mutation carriers who took part in the Zoledronic acid in the Prevention of Paget's disease (ZiPP) study. RESULTS: We studied 222 individuals of whom 54.9% were female with average (± sem) age of 50.1± 0.6 years. Twelve SQSTM1 mutations were observed, including p.Pro392Leu which was present in 141/222 (63.5%) subjects. Bone scan examination revealed evidence of PDB in 20 subjects (9.0%) of which 9 (50%) had a single affected site. Participants with lesions were older than those without lesions but the difference was not significant (53.6 ± 9.1 vs. 49.8 ± 8.9, p=0.07). The mean age of participants with lesions was not significantly different from the age at which their parents were diagnosed with PDB (55 years vs. 59 years, p=0.25). All individuals with lesions were asymptomatic. Serum concentrations of total alkaline phosphatase (ALP) normalised to the upper limit of normal in each centre were higher in those with lesions (0.75 ± 0.69 vs 0.42 ± 0.29; p<0.0001). Similar findings were observed for other biochemical markers of bone turnover but the sensitivity of ALP and other markers in detecting lesions was poor. CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic PDB is present in about 9% of SQSTM1 mutation carriers by the fifth decade. Further follow up of this cohort will provide important information on the natural history of early PDB and its response to treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Bone ; 133: 115265, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036052

RESUMO

Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a bone disorder characterized by an increase in bone turnover in a disorganized way with a large increase in bone resorption followed by bone formation. The most important known genetic factor predisposing to PDB is mutation in Sequestosome1 (SQSTM1) gene. We have studied the prevalence of SQSTM1 mutations and examined genotype-phenotype correlations in a Spanish cohort of PDB patients. Also, we have characterized three PDB patients that carry the c.961C>T SQSTM1 gene mutation that it is localized in exon 6 of SQSTM1 gene and it causes the p. R321C mutation. This mutation has been reported in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia but in our knowledge this is the first time that p62 p. R321C mutation is associated to PDB. We show that p62 p.R321C mutation could induce blockage of autophagy and cell proliferation through NF-kB pathway. These results reinforce the hypothesis of autophagy involvement in Paget's disease of bone.

3.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(2): 303-311, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385079

RESUMO

The different sets of criteria for diagnosis or classification of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) lead to numerous overlapping and reclassified diagnoses in clinical practice. We designed this study to assess the difficulties in classifying patients with AAV. As a secondary objective, different variables were tested to predict prognosis. We conducted a retrospective chart review in a Western Spain multicentre survey. A total of 115 adult patients diagnosed with AAV from 2002 to 2013 and followed for at least 3 years were included. They were classified according to (1) Chapel Hill Consensus Conference (CHCC), (2) European Medicines Agency algorithm and (3) French Vasculitis Study Group/European Vasculitis Society phenotypes. Fifty-three patients (46%) had neither distinctive histopathological data of a single AAV definition nor any surrogate markers for granulomatous inflammation and thus did not fulfill any diagnostic criteria. Ocular, ear, nose, throat, skin, and lung involvement were more frequent with proteinase 3 (PR3) antibodies, whereas peripheral neuropathy was more frequent with myeloperoxidase (MPO) antibodies. When the disease was severe at diagnosis, the HR for mortality was 10.44. When induction treatment was not given in accordance with the guidelines, the HR for mortality was 4.00. For maintenance treatment, the HR was 5.49 for mortality and 2.48 for relapse. AAV classification is difficult because many patients had neither specific clinical data nor distinctive histological features of a single CHCC definition. A structured clinical assessment of patient severity is the best tool to guide the management of AAV.

4.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e030689, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488492

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is characterised by increased and disorganised bone remodelling affecting one or more skeletal sites. Complications include bone pain, deformity, deafness and pathological fractures. Mutations in sequestosome-1 (SQSTM1) are strongly associated with the development of PDB. Bisphosphonate therapy can improve bone pain in PDB, but there is no evidence that treatment alters the natural history of PDB or prevents complications. The Zoledronate in the Prevention of Paget's disease trial (ZiPP) will determine if prophylactic therapy with the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (ZA) can delay or prevent the development of PDB in people who carry SQSTM1 mutations. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: People with a family history of PDB aged >30 years who test positive for SQSTM1 mutations are eligible to take part. At the baseline visit, participants will be screened for the presence of bone lesions by radionuclide bone scan. Biochemical markers of bone turnover will be measured and questionnaires completed to assess pain, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety and depression. Participants will be randomised to receive a single intravenous infusion of 5 mg ZA or placebo and followed up annually for between 4 and 8 years at which point baseline assessments will be repeated. The primary endpoint will be new bone lesions assessed by radionuclide bone scan. Secondary endpoints will include changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover, pain, HRQoL, anxiety, depression and PDB-related skeletal events. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study was approved by the Fife and Forth Valley Research Ethics Committee on 22 December 2008 (08/S0501/84). Following completion of the trial, a manuscript will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal. The results of this trial will inform clinical practice by determining if early intervention with ZA in presymptomatic individuals with SQSTM1 mutations can prevent or slow the development of bone lesions with an adverse event profile that is acceptable. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN11616770.

5.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(12): 2015-2024, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396685

RESUMO

To describe the clinical and therapeutic management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), alone or in combination with conventional synthetic DMARDs (csDMARDs), as well as analysing changes over time in bDMARD use. An observational, retrospective, multicentre study was conducted in the rheumatology departments of 10 public Spanish hospitals. Patients with RA treated with bDMARDs at baseline who had medical records available in the data collection period 2013-2016 were included. All visits to rheumatology departments recording any type of bDMARD modification (dose, etc.) were collected. Clinical characteristics, concomitant treatment, resource use, work productivity and quality of life (QoL) were recorded. 128 patients were included: 81 received first-line bDMARD treatment, 28 second-line bDMARD treatment and 19 received third or later lines. Mean study follow-up was 4.1 years. Assessment of DAS28 was available in 54.6% of visits. At baseline, 48.7% of patients had moderate-high disease activity. At final observation, 69.5% of patients continued with the first bDMARD. Tumour necrosis factor blockers were administered to 85.2% of patients in first line, 45.7% in second line and 18.1% in third or later lines. At final observation, 80.2% of patients still felt pain/discomfort. As expected, those with higher disease activity had higher loss of work productivity and lower QoL, as assessed by DAS28, than patients with lower disease activity. Drugs represented 82.6% of the total cost. In this Spanish cohort of 128 patients, most patients remained on the first prescribed bDMARD, despite remaining signs and symptoms.

6.
Endocrine ; 64(3): 441-455, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963388

RESUMO

Several antiresorptive drugs, like bisphosphonates and denosumab, are currently available for the treatment of osteoporosis due to their evidenced efficacy in reducing fracture risk at mid-term. Osteoanabolic therapies, like teriparatide, whose treatment duration is limited to 2 years, have also shown efficacy in the reduction of fracture risk. However, depending on the severity of osteoporosis and the presence of other associated risk factors for fracture, some patients may require long-term treatment to preserve optimal bone strength and minimize bone fracture risk. Given the limited duration of some treatments, the fact that most of the antiresorptive drugs have not been assessed beyond 10 years, and the known long-term safety issues of these drugs, including atypical femoral fractures or osteonecrosis of the jaw, the long-term management of these patients may require an approach based on drug discontinuation and/or switching. In this regard, interest in sequential osteoporosis therapy, wherein drugs are initiated and discontinued over time, has grown in recent years, although the establishment of an optimal and individualized order of therapies remains controversial. This review reports the currently available clinical evidence on the discontinuation effects of different anti-osteoporotic drugs, as well as the clinical outcomes of the different sequential treatment regimens. The objective of this article is to present up-to-date practical knowledge on this area in order to provide guidance to the clinicians involved in the management of patients with osteoporosis.

7.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(3): 509-515, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30353269

RESUMO

The retention rate of a biological drug (percentage of patients remaining on treatment over time) provides an index of a drug's overall effectiveness. The golimumab retention rate as first-line biological therapy was high in clinical trial extensions lasting 5 years. Real-world studies also indicate good retention rates but have been of shorter duration. The probability of retention with golimumab treatment was assessed, as any line of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha therapy, for up to 5 years in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) or psoriatic arthritis (PsA), associated factors were analyzed. A retrospective database analysis of the Spanish registry of patients with rheumatic disorders receiving biological drugs (BIOBADASER) was performed. Among 353 patients, 29.8% had RA, 41.6% SpA and 28.6% PsA. Golimumab was the first biological drug in 40.1% of patients, second in 30.1% and third/later in 29.8%. The overall probability of retention of golimumab at years 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 was 85.9% (95% confidence interval 81.4-89.5%), 73.7% (67.1-79.1%), 68.5% (60.5-75.1%), 60.6% (50.2-69.5%) and 57.1% (44.9-67.5%), respectively. Retention was similar across indications (p = 0.070) but was greater when golimumab was used as the first biological agent compared with later therapy lines (p < 0.001). Factors associated with higher retention of golimumab treatment (Cox regression) were use as a first-line biological and concomitant methotrexate treatment; corticosteroid need was associated with lower retention. The long-term probability of golimumab retention was high in this real-world study of patients with rheumatic diseases, especially when used as the first biological drug.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Espondiloartropatias/tratamento farmacológico , /uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha
8.
Reumatol Clin ; 15(4): 229-236, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28935290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Describe the objectives, methods and results of the first year of the new version of the Spanish registry of adverse events involving biological therapies and synthetic drugs with an identifiable target in rheumatic diseases (BIOBADASER III). METHODOLOGY: Multicenter prospective registry of patients with rheumatic inflammatory diseases being treated with biological drugs or synthetic drugs with an identifiable target in rheumatology departments in Spain. The main objective of BIOBADASER Phase III is the registry and analysis of adverse events; moreover, a secondary objective was added consisting of assessing the effectiveness by means of the registry of activity indexes. Patients in the registry are evaluated at least once every year and whenever they experience an adverse event or a change in treatment. The collection of data for phase iii began on 17 December 2015. RESULTS: During the first year, 35 centers participated. The number of patients included in this new phase in December 2016 was 2,664. The mean age was 53.7 years and the median duration of treatment was 8.1 years. In all, 40.4% of the patients were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. The most frequent adverse events were infections and infestations. CONCLUSIONS: BIOBADASER Phase III has been launched to adapt to a changing pharmacological environment, with the introduction of biosimilars and small molecules in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. This new stage is adapted to the changes in the reporting of adverse events and now includes information related to activity scores.

9.
Bone ; 112: 19-23, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29630930

RESUMO

Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a chronic bone metabolic disorder. Currently, PDB is the second most frequent bone disorder. PDB is a focal disorder affecting the skeleton segmentally but the cause of which is unknown. It has been hypothesised that somatic mutations could be responsible for the mosaicism described in PDB patients. Therefore, our hypothesis is that defective response to DNA damage may lead to somatic mutations favouring an increased risk of PDB. So that we have analysed polymorphisms in DNA repair genes involved in the BER, NER and DSBR pathways in order to evaluate the role of these variants in modulating PDB risk. We found statistically significant differences in genotypic and allelic distribution for polymorphisms in genes implicated in the BER pathway. Our results showed that carrying the allele T of XRCC1 rs1799782 polymorphism and the allele G of APEX rs1130409 polymorphism increased the risk of developing PDB. These polymorphisms could cause a lower DNA repair efficiency and this might lead to local somatic mutations favouring bone metabolic alterations characteristic of PDB. This is the first report showing an association between polymorphism in genes implicated in the BER pathway with PDB.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA/genética , DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos)/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Osteíte Deformante/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteína 1 Complementadora Cruzada de Reparo de Raio-X/genética , Idoso , Alelos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(3): 378-385, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29170203

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify genetic determinants of susceptibility to clinical vertebral fractures, which is an important complication of osteoporosis. METHODS: Here we conduct a genome-wide association study in 1553 postmenopausal women with clinical vertebral fractures and 4340 controls, with a two-stage replication involving 1028 cases and 3762 controls. Potentially causal variants were identified using expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data from transiliac bone biopsies and bioinformatic studies. RESULTS: A locus tagged by rs10190845 was identified on chromosome 2q13, which was significantly associated with clinical vertebral fracture (P=1.04×10-9) with a large effect size (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.6). Bioinformatic analysis of this locus identified several potentially functional SNPs that are associated with expression of the positional candidate genes TTL (tubulin tyrosine ligase) and SLC20A1 (solute carrier family 20 member 1). Three other suggestive loci were identified on chromosomes 1p31, 11q12 and 15q11. All these loci were novel and had not previously been associated with bone mineral density or clinical fractures. CONCLUSION: We have identified a novel genetic variant that is associated with clinical vertebral fractures by mechanisms that are independent of BMD. Further studies are now in progress to validate this association and evaluate the underlying mechanism.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 2/genética , Fraturas por Osteoporose/genética , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Pós-Menopausa , Locos de Características Quantitativas
11.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 12: CD004956, 2017 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29192423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are considered to be the treatment of choice for people with Paget's disease of bone. However, the effects of bisphosphonates on patient-centred outcomes have not been extensively studied. There are insufficient data to determine whether reducing and maintaining biochemical markers of bone turnover to within the normal range improves quality of life and reduces the risk of complications. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of bisphosphonates for adult patients with Paget's disease of bone. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, ISI Web of Knowledge and trials registers up to March 2017. We searched regulatory agency published information for rare adverse events. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of bisphosphonates as treatment for Paget's disease in adults. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened search results, extracted data and assessed studies for risk of bias. We used standard methodological procedures expected by The Cochrane Collaboration. MAIN RESULTS: We included 20 trials (25 reports, 3168 participants). Of these, 10 trials (801 participants) compared bisphosphonates (etidronate, tiludronate, ibandronate, pamidronate, olpadronate, alendronate, risedronate, zoledronate) versus placebo, seven compared two bisphosphonates (992 participants), one trial compared a bisphosphonates with a bisphosphonate plus calcitonin (44 participants), and two studies, the largest trial (1331 participants) and its interventional extension study (502 participants), compared symptomatic treatment and intensive treatment where the goal was to normalise alkaline phosphatase.Most studies were assessed at low or unclear risk of bias. Six of 10 studies comparing bisphosphonates versus placebo were assessed at high risk of bias, mainly around incomplete outcome data and selective outcome reporting.Participant populations were reasonably homogeneous in terms of age (mean age 66 to 74 years) and sex (51% to 74% male). Most studies included participants who had elevated alkaline phosphatase levels whether or not bone pain was present. Mean follow-up was six months.Bisphosphonates versus placeboBisphosphonates tripled the proportion (31% versus 9%) of participants whose bone pain disappeared (RR 3.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.31 to 8.90; 2 studies, 205 participants; NNT 5, 95% CI 1 to 31; moderate-quality evidence). This result is clinically important. Data were consistent when pain change was measured as any reduction (RR 1.97, 95% CI 1.29 to 3.01; 7 studies, 481 participants).There was uncertainty about differences in incident fractures: 1.4% fractures occurred in the bisphosphonates group and none in the placebo group (RR 0.89, 95% CI 0.18 to 4.31; 4 studies, 356 participants; very low-quality evidence).None of the studies reported data on orthopaedic surgery, quality of life or hearing thresholds.Results regarding adverse effects and treatment discontinuation were uncertain. There was a 64% risk of mild gastrointestinal adverse events in intervention group participants and 48% in the control group (RR 1.32, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.92; 6 studies, 376 participants; low-quality evidence). The likelihood of study participants discontinuing due to adverse effects was slightly higher in intervention group participants (4.4%) than the control group (4.1%) (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.41 to 2.52; 6 studies, 517 participants; low-quality evidence). Zoledronate was associated with an increased risk of transient fever or fatigue (RR 2.57, 95% CI 1.21 to 5.44; 1 study, 176 participants; moderate-quality evidence).Bisphosphonates versus active comparatorMore participants reported pain relief with zoledronate than pamidronate (RR 1.30, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.53; 1 study, 89 participants; NNT 5, 95% CI 3 to 11) or risedronate (RR 1.36, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.74; 1 study, 347 participants; NNT 7, 95% CI 4 to 24; very low quality evidence). This result is clinically important.There was insufficient evidence to confirm or exclude differences in adverse effects of bisphosphonates (RR 1.05, 95% CI 0.95 to 1.76; 2 studies, 437 participants; low-quality evidence) and treatment discontinuation (2 studies, 437 participants) (RR 2.04, 95% CI 0.43 to 9.59; 2 studies, 437 participants; very low-quality evidence).Intensive versus symptomatic treatmentThere was no consistent evidence of difference to response in bone pain, bodily pain or quality of life in participants who received intensive versus symptomatic treatment.Inconclusive results were observed regarding fractures and orthopaedic procedures for intensive versus symptomatic treatment (intensive treatment for fracture: RR 1.84, 95% CI 0.76 to 4.44; absolute risk 8.1% versus 5.2%; orthopaedic procedures: RR 1.58, 95% CI 0.80 to 3.11; absolute risk 5.6% versus 3.0%; 1 study, 502 participants; low-quality evidence).There was insufficient evidence to confirm or exclude an important difference in adverse effects between intensive and symptomatic treatment (RR 1.05, 95% CI 0.79 to 1.41; low-quality evidence).There was insufficient evidence to confirm or exclude an important difference of risk of rare adverse events (including osteonecrosis of the jaw) from the regulatory agencies databases. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We found moderate-quality evidence that bisphosphonates improved pain in people with Paget's disease of bone when compared with placebo. We are uncertain about the results of head-to-head studies investigating bisphosphonates. We found insufficient evidence of benefit in terms of pain or quality of life from intensive treatment. Information about adverse effects was limited, but serious side effects were rare, and rate of withdrawals due to side effects was low.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Osteíte Deformante/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Calcitonina/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor Musculoesquelética/tratamento farmacológico , Osteíte Deformante/enzimologia , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Front Neuroendocrinol ; 45: 25-34, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28235557

RESUMO

Hyperprolactinemia is an underappreciated/unknown adverse effects of antipsychotics. The consequences of hyperprolactinemia compromise therapeutic adherence and can be serious. We present the consensus recommendations made by a group of experts regarding the management of antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia. The current consensus was developed in 3 phases: 1, review of the scientific literature; 2, subsequent round table discussion to attempt to reach a consensus among the experts; and 3, review by all of the authors of the final conclusions until reaching a complete consensus. We include recommendations on the appropriate time to act after hyperprolactinemia detection and discuss the evidence on available options: decreasing the dose of the antipsychotic drug, switching antipsychotics, adding aripiprazole, adding dopaminergic agonists, and other type of treatment. The consensus also included recommendations for some specific populations such as patients with a first psychotic episode and the pediatric-youth population, bipolar disorder, personality disorders and the elderly population.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Aripiprazol/uso terapêutico , Hiperprolactinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Humanos , Doença Iatrogênica/prevenção & controle
14.
Rev Psiquiatr Salud Ment ; 10(1): 4-20, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27777062

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is a clinically heterogeneous syndrome affecting multiple dimensions of patients' life. Therefore, its treatment might require a multidimensional approach that should take into account the efficacy (the ability of an intervention to get the desired result under ideal conditions), the effectiveness (the degree to which the intended effect is obtained under routine clinical practice conditions or settings) and the efficiency (value of the intervention as relative to its cost to the individual or society) of any therapeutic intervention. In a first step of the process, a group of 90 national experts from different areas of health-care and with a multidimensional and multidisciplinary perspective of the disease, defined the concepts of efficacy, effectiveness and efficiency of established therapeutic interventions within 7 key dimensions of the illness: symptomatology; comorbidity; relapse and adherence; insight and subjective experience; cognition; quality of life, autonomy and functional capacity; and social inclusion and associated factors. The main conclusions and recommendations of this stage of the work are presented herein.


Assuntos
Esquizofrenia/terapia , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Eficiência , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Autonomia Pessoal , Psicoterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Distância Social , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 50(9): 779-89, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27332746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cases of renal tubular dysfunction have been reported in patients with hepatitis B and in patients with human immunodeficiency virus who are undergoing tenofovir treatment. However, little is known about the impact on tubular function in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) under long-term use of entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF). We evaluated markers of renal tubular function and bone turnover in patients with CHB treated with ETV or TDF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was performed on markers of renal tubular function and bone turnover in hepatitis B virus-monoinfected patients on long-term treatment with Entecavir or Tenofovir (the MENTE study). The analyzed parameters were: retinol-binding protein/creatinine, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin/creatinine, excretion of phosphates, uric acid excretion, glomerular filtrate, protein/creatinine, albumin/creatinine, serum creatinine, phosphate, CTX, P1NP, vitamin D, and parathormone. RESULTS: A total of 280 patients (ETV: 89, TDF: 69, control: 122) were included in this study. The TDF group was associated with altered levels of retinol-binding protein (RBP)/creatinine (TDF 25% vs. 7% ETV and control; P<0.001). Protein/creatinine, uric acid excretion, P1NP1, and parathormone were higher in the TDF group. The proportion of patients with serum phosphate <2.5 mg/dL was higher in both the ETV and the TDF groups compared with the control. The multivariate analysis showed that the use of TDF was independently associated with a higher risk of altered excretion of RBP/creatinine (4.4; interquartile range: 1.4 to 14; P=0.013). CONCLUSIONS: We found an independent association between TDF use and altered RBP excretion. This finding indicates subclinical tubular damage. Because tubular dysfunction can precede the decline of renal function, close monitoring of RBP levels in patients with CHB on nucleos(t)ide analog treatment must be performed for early detection of TDF-related renal toxicity. In this study, these differences in tubular function were not associated with concomitant changes in markers of bone turnover.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Túbulos Renais Proximais/fisiopatologia , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Creatinina/urina , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Guanina/efeitos adversos , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Guanina/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B Crônica/urina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nucleosídeos/efeitos adversos , Nucleosídeos/uso terapêutico , Nucleotídeos/efeitos adversos , Nucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Ligação ao Retinol/urina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Tenofovir/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Genet Test Mol Biomarkers ; 20(6): 335-7, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27172236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a focal bone disorder affecting the skeleton segmentally. The disease affects osteoclasts which increase in size, number, and activity. One of the etiopathogenic hypotheses is that the disease is genetic. It has been reported that Rho GEF Vav3 is an essential factor in the regulation of osteoclast function, and alteration of the VAV3 gene could influence the development of the disease. The aim of our study was to perform an association study between variants of the VAV3 gene and the risk of developing Paget's disease of bone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The genotypic and allelic distribution of the VAV3 c.892A>T/p.T298S (rs7528153) polymorphism was compared between a cohort of 238 Spanish subjects with PDB and a cohort of 253 healthy subjects. RESULTS: Our results indicated that individuals carrying the VAV3 rs7528153 TT genotype were at a significantly increased risk of developing PDB (p < 0.001, odds ratio [OR] = 3.15, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.77-5.61). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that inheriting the VAV3 rs7528153 polymorphism is a likely susceptibility factor for developing Paget's disease of bone.


Assuntos
Osteíte Deformante/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-vav/genética , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteíte Deformante/metabolismo , Osteíte Deformante/patologia , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/patologia , Osteoprotegerina/genética , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-vav/metabolismo
17.
Adv Ther ; 33(4): 658-69, 2016 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26984314

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The management of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) in routine clinical practice differs considerably from guideline recommendations. The objective of our study was to reach a consensus on the management of PMO, considering prevention, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up, according to expert opinion in Spain. METHODS: A two-round Delphi technique was conducted, including 38 experts. The questionnaire contained 35 sections, each one including 1-10 questions (n = 308) based on a literature review and contributions from the scientific steering committee. Each question was scored by experts from the current (1 = no occurrence, 9 = occurrence in all cases), wish (1 = total rejection; 9 = wish) and prediction (1 = no occurrence at all; 9 = occurs with maximum probability) perspectives. Consensus (wish and prediction perspectives) was considered when ≥75% of experts scored 7-9 (agreement) or 1-3 (disagreement). RESULTS: Overall, consensus was achieved on 75% of questions. While protocols of clinical management and consultation/referral should be followed, their implementation is unlikely. Furthermore, the medical specialties currently involved in PMO management are poorly defined. PMO patients without fracture should be managed (prevention, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up) in both primary care and rheumatology settings; however, experts predicted that only treatment and follow-up will be assumed by these specialties. A multidisciplinary team should be involved in patients with fracture. No assessment tools are usually applied, and prediction indicated that they will not be used. CONCLUSION: Efforts should be focused on questions with high divergence between wishes and predictions, defining actions that will improve PMO management. Collaboration between scientific societies and health authorities to address the identified opportunities of improvement is proposed. FUNDING: Amgen S.A.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Idoso , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/diagnóstico , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/epidemiologia , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/terapia , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/organização & administração , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 16: 300, 2015 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26472426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid (GC) therapy is associated with an increased risk of fractures. The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed vertebral fractures in women chronically using GC therapy for autoimmune disorders. We also determined the prevalence of non-vertebral fractures, and investigated whether factors such as quality-of-life and future fracture risk are associated with vertebral/non-vertebral fractures. METHODS: This was a multicenter cross-sectional study conducted in Spain. All women had rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and/or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Radiological morphometric vertebral fractures were evaluated centrally (Genant semiquantitative method), whereas non-vertebral fractures were not assessed by radiography. Before radiography, patients were asked whether they had vertebral/non-vertebral fractures, hereafter referred to as 'self-reported' fractures. Assessment tools included the Disease Activity Score (DAS28), the SF-36 questionnaire, and FRAX®. RESULTS: Complete data were obtained for 576 outpatients with RA and/or SLE (83.3 % had RA); mean [SD] age 59.6 [15] years. Of all patients, 6.4 % had self-reported vertebral fractures, whereas 18.9 % had morphometric vertebral fractures (RA: 7.1 % self-reported vs. 20.0 % morphometric; SLE: 3.2 % self-reported vs. 13.7 % morphometric). Non-vertebral fractures were self-reported by 9.8 % of RA and 5.3 % of SLE patients. Low physical functioning was associated with morphometric vertebral fractures (mean [SD] SF-36 score 18.8 [6.0] when present vs. 20.1 [5.9] when absent; p = 0.028) and self-reported non-vertebral fractures (16.7 [5.2] when present vs. 20.1 [5.9] when absent; p < 0.001). Mean [SD] DAS28 was higher (p = 0.013) when any self-reported fractures were present (4.0 [1.3]) than absent (3.6 [1.3]). Based on FRAX® analysis, patients with vs. without morphometric vertebral fractures had higher 10-year probabilities of major osteoporotic fractures (mean [SD] 17.9 [12.9]% vs. 9.9 [9.6]%; p < 0.001) and hip fractures (11.0 [11.7]% vs. 4.6 [8.1]%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Morphometric vertebral fractures were detected in 18.9 % of patients, i.e. 3-times more frequently than verbally reported by patients. Patients with vs. without fractures had worse quality-of-life and increased fracture risk. Accordingly, it is of utmost importance that women chronically using GCs are assessed for fractures, including morphometric vertebral fractures.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia
19.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 6: 169, 2015 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26347461

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells capable of self-renewal and multilineage differentiation. Their multipotential capacity and immunomodulatory properties have led to an increasing interest in their biological properties and therapeutic applications. Currently, the definition of MSCs relies on a combination of phenotypic, morphological and functional characteristics which are typically evaluated upon in vitro expansion, a process that may ultimately lead to modulation of the immunophenotypic, functional and/or genetic features of these cells. Therefore, at present there is great interest in providing markers and phenotypes for direct in vivo and ex vivo identification and isolation of MSCs. METHODS: Multiparameter flow cytometry immunophenotypic studies were performed on 65 bone marrow (BM) samples for characterization of CD13(high) CD105(+) CD45(-) cells. Isolation and expansion of these cells was performed in a subset of samples in parallel to the expansion of MSCs from mononuclear cells following currently established procedures. The protein expression profile of these cells was further assessed on (paired) primary and in vitro expanded BM MSCs, and their adipogenic, chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation potential was also determined. RESULTS: Our results show that the CD13(high) CD105(+) CD45(-) immunophenotype defines a minor subset of cells that are systematically present ex vivo in normal/reactive BM (n = 65) and that display immunophenotypic features, plastic adherence ability, and osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation capacities fully compatible with those of MSCs. In addition, we also show that in vitro expansion of these cells modulates their immunophenotypic characteristics, including changes in the expression of markers currently used for the definition of MSCs, such as CD105, CD146 and HLA-DR. CONCLUSIONS: BM MSCs can be identified ex vivo in normal/reactive BM, based on a robust CD13(high) CD105(+) and CD45(-) immunophenotypic profile. Furthermore, in vitro expansion of these cells is associated with significant changes in the immunophenotypic profile of MSCs.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos CD13/metabolismo , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD13/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Endoglina , Feminino , Humanos , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/genética , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/classificação , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética
20.
PLoS One ; 10(6): e0128984, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26030385

RESUMO

Paget disease of bone (PDB) is a focal bone disorder affecting the skeleton segmentally. The main alteration resides in osteoclasts that increase in size, number and activity. Many osteoclasts have cytoplasmic inclusions that have been associated with protein aggregates, increasing the evidences of a possible deregulation of autophagy in the development of the PDB. Autophagy starts with encapsulation of the target into a double-membrane-bound structure called an "autophagosome." It has been reported that at least 18 ATG genes (autophagy-related genes) are involved in autophagosome formation. We have studied the distribution of genotypes of the ATG2B rs3759601, ATG16L1 rs2241880, ATG10 rs1864183 and ATG5 rs2245214 polymorphisms in a Spanish cohort of subjects with PDB and compared with healthy subjects. Our results show that being a carrier of the C allele of the ATG16L1 rs2241880 and the G allele of ATG5 rs2245214 polymorphisms were associated with an increased risk of developing PDB, whereas being a carrier of the T allele of ATG10 rs1864183 polymorphism decreased the risk of suffering the disease in our series. This is the first report that shows an association between autophagy and Paget Disease of Bone and requires further confirmation in other series.


Assuntos
Autofagia/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etiologia , Osteíte Deformante/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteíte Deformante/etiologia , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Risco
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