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1.
Hum Mol Genet ; 28(14): 2378-2394, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090908

RESUMO

Distal hereditary motor neuropathies (dHMNs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases, resembling Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndromes, but characterized by an exclusive involvement of the motor part of the peripheral nervous system. Here, we describe two new compound heterozygous mutations in VRK1, the vaccinia-related kinase 1 gene, in two siblings from a Lebanese family, affected with dHMN associated with upper motor neurons (MNs) signs. The mutations lead to severely reduced levels of VRK1 by impairing its stability, and to a shift of nuclear VRK1 to cytoplasm. Depletion of VRK1 from the nucleus alters the dynamics of coilin, a phosphorylation target of VRK1, by reducing its stability through increased proteasomal degradation. In human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived MNs from patients, we demonstrate that this drop in VRK1 levels leads to Cajal bodies (CBs) disassembly and to defects in neurite outgrowth and branching. Mutations in VRK1 have been previously reported in several neurological diseases affecting lower or both upper and lower MNs. Here, we describe a new phenotype linked to VRK1 mutations, presenting as a classical slowly progressive motor neuropathy, beginning in the second decade of life, with associated upper MN signs. We provide, for the first time, evidence for a role of VRK1 in regulating CB assembly in MNs. The observed MN defects are consistent with a length dependent axonopathy affecting lower and upper MNs, and we propose that diseases due to mutations in VRK1 should be grouped under a unique entity named `VRK1-related motor neuron disease'.

2.
Genet Res (Camb) ; 101: e6, 2019 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030682

RESUMO

Noonan syndrome and related disorders are a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous conditions caused by mutations in genes of the RAS/MAPK pathway. Noonan syndrome causes multiple congenital anomalies, which are frequently accompanied by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We report here a Tunisian patient with a severe phenotype of Noonan syndrome including neonatal HCM, facial dysmorphism, severe failure to thrive, cutaneous abnormalities, pectus excavatum and severe stunted growth, who died in her eighth month of life. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified a de novo mutation in exon 7 of the RAF1 gene: c.776C > A (p.Ser259Tyr). This mutation affects a highly conserved serine residue, a main mediator of Raf-1 inhibition via phosphorylation. To our knowledge the c.776C > A mutation has been previously reported in only one case with prenatally diagnosed Noonan syndrome. Our study further supports the striking correlation of RAF1 mutations with HCM and highlights the clinical severity of Noonan syndrome associated with a RAF1 p.Ser259Tyr mutation.

3.
Hum Genet ; 138(5): 455-466, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955094

RESUMO

In humans, hereditary sensory neuropathies (HSN), also known as hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies (HSAN), constitute a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by progressive sensory loss, often accompanied by chronic skin ulcerations and nail dystrophic changes. To date, although around 20 genes have already been discovered, they do not explain the genetic causes of all patients. In dogs, similar neuropathies are also diagnosed, several breeds being predisposed to specific forms of the disease. Indeed, the breed specificity of most canine genetic diseases is due to the small numbers of founders and high levels of inbreeding. Recent knowledge and tools developed to study the canine genome efficiently allows deciphering the genetic bases of such diseases. To date, a dozen breeds are recognized to develop specific HSN. For the Border collie and hunting dog breeds, the genes involved have recently been discovered. Other affected breeds thus constitute potential genetic models, with new genes to be found in dogs that can be considered as candidate genes for human HSAN/HSN. Here, we review the different forms of human and canine HSAN/HSN and we present a novel form in Fox terrier cases, highlighting the advantages of the dog model for such rare human diseases.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Hereditárias Sensoriais e Autônomas/genética , Neuropatias Hereditárias Sensoriais e Autônomas/veterinária , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Endogamia , Masculino
4.
BMC Med Genomics ; 12(1): 11, 2019 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30665423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The past few decades have witnessed a tremendous development in the field of genetics. The implementation of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies revolutionized the field of molecular biology and made the genetic information accessible at a large scale. However, connecting a rare genetic variation to a complex phenotype remains challenging. Indeed, identifying the cause of a genetic disease requires a multidisciplinary approach, starting with the establishment of a clear phenotype with a detailed family history and ending, in some cases, with functional assays that are crucial for the validation of the pathogenicity of a mutation. METHODS: Two hundred Lebanese patients, presenting a wide spectrum of genetic disorders (neurodevelopmental, neuromuscular or metabolic disorders, etc.), sporadic or inherited, dominant or recessive, were referred, over the last three and a half years, to the Medical Genetics Unit (UGM) of Saint Joseph University (USJ). In order to identify the genetic basis of these diseases, Whole Exome Sequencing (WES), followed by a targeted analysis, was performed for each case. In order to improve the genetic diagnostic yield, WES data, generated during the first 2 years of this study, were reanalyzed for all patients who were left undiagnosed at the genetic level. Reanalysis was based on updated bioinformatics tools and novel gene discoveries. RESULTS: Our initial analysis allowed us to identify the specific genetic mutation causing the disease in 49.5% of the cases, in line with other international studies. Repeated WES analysis enabled us to increase the diagnostics yield to 56%. CONCLUSION: The present article reports the detailed results of both analysis and pinpoints the contribution of WES data reanalysis to an efficient genetic diagnosis. Lessons learned from WES reanalysis and interpretation are also shared.

5.
Eur J Med Genet ; 2018 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30423442

RESUMO

Joubert syndrome (JS) is an autosomal or X-linked recessive syndrome principally characterized by hypotonia, ataxia, cognitive impairment, and a specific finding on brain imaging called a "molar tooth sign" (MTS), which can be isolated or in conjunction with variable organ involvement. The genetic basis of JS is heterogeneous, with over 35 ciliary genes being implicated in its pathogenesis. However, some of these genes (such as PDE6D) have been associated to JS only in single families, seeking confirmation. Here we report a boy, born to first cousin parents, presenting with developmental delay, hypotonia, microcephaly, post axial polydactyly, oculomotor apraxia, and MTS. Whole exome sequencing revealed the presence of a novel homozygous truncating variant in the PDE6D gene: NM_002601.3:c.367_368insG [p.(Leu123Cysfs*13)]. The variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and found at the heterozygous state in both parents. A review of the literature pertaining to the role of PDE6D in JS is discussed.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the Catalogue of Transmission Genetics in Arabs, less than half of diseases reported in Lebanese patients are mapped. In the recent years, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) techniques have significantly improved clinical diagnosis, compared to traditional sequencing methods. METHODS: A total of 213 analyses by NGS (167 by whole exome sequencing (WES) and 46 by multigene panels tests) were performed on pediatric patients across different regions of Lebanon over a period of two years (December 2015-December 2017). RESULTS: Neurological disorders were the most frequent referral demand for both WES and gene panels (122/213). Pathogenic, likely pathogenic, or variants of unknown significance were identified in 69.5% of the WES and panel patients combined. Over half of the patients with such variants had an autosomal recessive disorder. A definite molecular diagnosis (pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants) was achieved in 34.1% and 47.8% of the patients studied by WES and the multigene panels, respectively. Thirty-three novel variants were found in the cases that were molecularly solved; 26 of these being identified by WES and seven by the multigene panels. In three consanguineous families, autosomal recessive inheritance of genes previously reported as showing dominant inheritance patterns were found. Biallelism was found in six cases, digenism in four cases, and one case was trigenic. CONCLUSION: Our study thus suggests that NGS tools are valuable for an improved clinical diagnosis, and highlights that the increased adoption of such techniques will significantly further improve our understanding of the genetic basis of inherited diseases in Lebanon.

7.
BMJ Open ; 8(10): e021632, 2018 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30373780

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Inherited peripheral neuropathies (IPN) represent a large heterogenous group of hereditary diseases with more than 100 causative genes reported to date. In this context, targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) offers the opportunity to screen all these genes with high efficiency in order to unravel the genetic basis of the disease. Here, we compare the diagnostic yield of targeted NGS with our previous gene by gene Sanger sequencing strategy. We also describe several novel likely pathogenic variants. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: We have completed the targeted NGS of 81 IPN genes in a cohort of 123 unrelated patients affected with diverse forms of IPNs, mostly Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT): 23% CMT1, 52% CMT2, 9% distal hereditary motor neuropathy, 7% hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy and 6.5% intermediate CMT. RESULTS: We have solved the molecular diagnosis in 49 of 123 patients (~40%). Among the identified variants, 26 variants were already reported in the literature. In our cohort, the most frequently mutated genes are respectively: MFN2, SH3TC2, GDAP1, NEFL, GAN, KIF5A and AARS. Panel-based NGS was more efficient in familial cases than in sporadic cases (diagnostic yield 49%vs19%, respectively). NGS-based search for copy number variations, allowed the identification of three duplications in three patients and raised the diagnostic yield to 41%. This yield is two times higher than the one obtained previously by gene Sanger sequencing screening. The impact of panel-based NGS screening is particularly important for demyelinating CMT (CMT1) subtypes, for which the success rate reached 87% (36% only for axonal CMT2). CONCLUSION: NGS allowed to identify causal mutations in a shorter and cost-effective time. Actually, targeted NGS is a well-suited strategy for efficient molecular diagnosis of IPNs. However, NGS leads to the identification of numerous variants of unknown significance, which interpretation requires interdisciplinary collaborations between molecular geneticists, clinicians and (neuro)pathologists.

8.
Am J Hum Genet ; 103(3): 413-420, 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30122541

RESUMO

Flagella and motile cilia share a 9 + 2 microtubule-doublet axoneme structure, and asthenozoospermia (reduced spermatozoa motility) is found in 76% of men with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Nevertheless, causal genetic variants in a conserved axonemal component have been found in cases of isolated asthenozoospermia: 30% of men with multiple morphological anomalies of sperm flagella (MMAF) carry bi-allelic mutations in DNAH1, encoding one of the seven inner-arm dynein heavy chains of the 9 + 2 axoneme. To further understand the basis for isolated asthenozoospermia, we used whole-exome and Sanger sequencing to study two brothers and two independent men with MMAF. In three men, we found bi-allelic loss-of-function mutations in WDR66, encoding cilia- and flagella-associated protein 251 (CFAP251): the two brothers were homozygous for the frameshift chr12: g.122359334delA (p.Asp42Metfs∗4), and the third individual was compound heterozygous for chr12: g.122359542G>T (p.Glu111∗) and chr12: g.122395032_122395033delCT (p.Leu530Valfs∗4). We show that CFAP251 is normally located along the flagellum but is absent in men carrying WDR66 mutations and reveal a spermatozoa-specific isoform probably generated during spermatozoon maturation. CFAP251 is a component of the calmodulin- and radial-spoke- associated complex, located adjacent to DNAH1, on the inner surface of the peripheral microtubule doublets of the axoneme. In Tetrahymena, the CFAP251 ortholog is necessary for efficient coordinated ciliary beating. Using immunofluorescent and transmission electron microscopy, we provide evidence that loss of CFAP251 affects the formation of the mitochondrial sheath. We propose that CFAP251 plays a structural role during biogenesis of the spermatozoon flagellum in vertebrates.

9.
Eur J Med Genet ; 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075207

RESUMO

We report a consanguineous family where 2 boys presented with developmental delay, hypotonia, microcephaly, seizures, gastro-intestinal abnormalities, osteopenia, and neurological regression. Whole exome sequencing performed in one of the boys revealed the presence of a novel homozygous missense variant in the EXT2 gene: c.11C > T (p.Ser4Leu). Segregation analysis by Sanger sequencing confirmed homozygous by descent autosomal recessive transmission of this mutation. Another family was previously reported with homozygous mutations in this gene in four siblings affected with a nearly similar clinical condition (Farhan et al., 2015). We discuss the similarities and differences between the two syndromes and propose AREXT2 as a new acronym for EXT2-related diseases.

10.
BMC Pediatr ; 18(1): 286, 2018 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant multisystem disorder caused by the dysregulation of several genes belonging to the RAS Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Incontinentia Pigmenti (IP) is an X-linked, dominantly inherited multisystem disorder. CASE PRESENTATION: This study is the first report of the coexistence of Noonan (NS) and Incontinentia Pigmenti (IP) syndromes in the same patient. We report on the clinical phenotype and molecular characterization of this patient. The patient was examined by a pluridisciplinary staff of clinicians and geneticist. The clinical diagnosis of NS and IP was confirmed by molecular investigations. The newborn girl came to our clinics due to flagrant dysmorphia and dermatological manifestations. The clinical observations led to characterize the Incontinentia Pigmenti traits and a suspicion of a Noonan syndrome association. Molecular diagnosis was performed by Haloplex resequencing of 29 genes associated with RASopathies and confirmed the NS diagnosis. The common recurrent intragenic deletion mutation in IKBKG gene causing the IP was detected with an improved PCR protocol. CONCLUSION: This is the first report in the literature of comorbidity of NS and IP, two rare multisystem syndromes.

11.
J Hum Genet ; 63(10): 1077-1082, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30046096

RESUMO

Pediatric cardiomyopathy is a complex disease with clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Recently, the ALPK3 gene was described as a new hereditary cardiomyopathy gene underlying pediatric cardiomyopathies. Only eight patients carrying mutations in ALPK3 have been reported to date. Here, we report a 3-year-old male patient with both hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient presented dysmorphic features and skeletal deformities of hands and feet, pectus excavatum, and cleft palate. The genetic investigation was performed by whole-exome sequencing in the patient and his parents. We identified a novel homozygous mutation in ALPK3 (c.1531_1532delAA; p.Lys511Argfs*12). Our work extends the phenotypic spectrum of the ALPK3-associated cardiomyopathy by reporting additional clinical features. This is the first study of a Tunisian patient with mutation in the ALPK3 gene. In conclusion, ALPK3 should be included in the list of genes to be considered in genetic studies for patients affected with pediatric syndromic cardiomyopathy.

12.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 46(W1): W545-W553, 2018 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29860484

RESUMO

With the rapidly developing high-throughput sequencing technologies known as next generation sequencing or NGS, our approach to gene hunting and diagnosis has drastically changed. In <10 years, these technologies have moved from gene panel to whole genome sequencing and from an exclusively research context to clinical practice. Today, the limit is not the sequencing of one, many or all genes but rather the data analysis. Consequently, the challenge is to rapidly and efficiently identify disease-causing mutations within millions of variants. To do so, we developed the VarAFT software to annotate and pinpoint human disease-causing mutations through access to multiple layers of information. VarAFT was designed both for research and clinical contexts and is accessible to all scientists, regardless of bioinformatics training. Data from multiple samples may be combined to address all Mendelian inheritance modes, cancers or population genetics. Optimized filtration parameters can be stored and re-applied to large datasets. In addition to classical annotations from dbNSFP, VarAFT contains unique features at the disease (OMIM), phenotypic (HPO), gene (Gene Ontology, pathways) and variation levels (predictions from UMD-Predictor and Human Splicing Finder) that can be combined to optimally select candidate pathogenic mutations. VarAFT is freely available at: http://varaft.eu.

13.
Muscle Nerve ; 57(2): 330-334, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28224639

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Bcl-2-associated athanogene-3 (BAG3) mutations have been described in rare cases of rapidly progressive myofibrillar myopathies. Symptoms begin in the first decade with axial involvement and contractures and are associated with cardiac and respiratory impairment in the second decade. Axonal neuropathy has been documented but usually not as a key clinical feature. METHODS: We report a 24-year-old woman with severe rigid spine syndrome and sensory-motor neuropathy resembling Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). RESULTS: Muscle MRI showed severe fat infiltration without any specific pattern. Deltoid muscle biopsy showed neurogenic changes and discrete myofibrillar abnormalities. Electrocardiogram and transthoracic echocardiography results were normal. Genetic analysis of a panel of 45 CMT genes showed no mutation. BAG3 gene screening identified the previously reported c.626C>T, pPro209Leu, mutation. DISCUSSION: This case indicates that rigid spine syndrome and sensory-motor axonal neuropathy are key clinical features of BAG3 mutations that should be considered even without cardiac involvement. Muscle Nerve, 57: 330-334, 2018.

15.
Eur J Med Genet ; 58(12): 637-41, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26578240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, biallelic mutations in the Neuroblastoma Amplified Sequence NBAS gene have been identified in ten patients that present recurrent acute liver failure (RALF) in early infancy. In addition to severe liver dysfunction, some of these individuals also suffered from other comorbidities including cardiomyopathy, neurologic phenotypes and gastrointestinal immune defects. Here we report on a consanguineous Lebanese family with three siblings affected by RALF. Of note, neonatal spontaneous fractures, developmental delay, prominent eyes, generalized hirsutism, gum hypertrophy, and hepato-splenomegaly ​were also present. METHODS: Whole-genome SNP genotyping in all the patients, followed by exome sequencing was performed in one of the affected siblings. RESULTS: A homozygous c.409C > T (p.Arg137Trp) missense mutation in NBAS was identified in all patients. CONCLUSION: Overall, our findings confirm the involvement of NBAS in the pathogenesis of this condition characterized by severe liver dysfunction and help expand its phenotypical spectrum.


Assuntos
Falência Hepática Aguda/genética , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Consanguinidade , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Homozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Falência Hepática Aguda/diagnóstico , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Proteínas de Neoplasias/química , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/genética , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Alinhamento de Sequência , Irmãos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Hum Mutat ; 36(11): 1021-8, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26123727

RESUMO

Infantile-onset cerebellar atrophy (CA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous trait. Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GMS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, characterized by microcephaly with brain anomalies including CA in some cases, intellectual disability, and early-infantile-onset nephrotic syndrome. Very recently, WDR73 deficiency was identified as the cause of GMS in five individuals. To evaluate the role of WDR73 mutations as a cause of GMS and other forms of syndromic CA, we performed Sanger or exome sequencing in 51 unrelated patients with CA and variable brain anomalies and in 40 unrelated patients with a diagnosis of GMS. We identified 10 patients from three CA and from two GMS families with WDR73 mutations including the original family described with CA, mental retardation, optic atrophy, and skin abnormalities (CAMOS). There were five novel mutations, of which two were truncating and three were missense mutations affecting highly conserved residues. Individuals carrying homozygous WDR73 mutations mainly presented with a pattern of neurological and neuroimaging findings as well as intellectual disability, while kidney involvement was variable. We document postnatal onset of CA, a retinopathy, basal ganglia degeneration, and short stature as novel features of WDR73-related disease, and define WDR73-related disease as a new entity of infantile neurodegeneration.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite/genética , Transtornos Heredodegenerativos do Sistema Nervoso/genética , Mutação , Nefrose/genética , Proteínas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Biópsia , Encéfalo/anormalidades , Encéfalo/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Glomerulonefrite/diagnóstico , Transtornos Heredodegenerativos do Sistema Nervoso/diagnóstico , Hérnia Hiatal/diagnóstico , Hérnia Hiatal/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Microcefalia/diagnóstico , Microcefalia/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Nefrose/diagnóstico , Neuroimagem , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Proteínas/química , Alinhamento de Sequência , Adulto Jovem
17.
Brain ; 138(Pt 6): 1505-17, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25808372

RESUMO

Non-progressive cerebellar ataxias are a rare group of disorders that comprise approximately 10% of static infantile encephalopathies. We report the identification of mutations in PMPCA in 17 patients from four families affected with cerebellar ataxia, including the large Lebanese family previously described with autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia and short stature of Norman type and localized to chromosome 9q34 (OMIM #213200). All patients present with non-progressive cerebellar ataxia, and the majority have intellectual disability of variable severity. PMPCA encodes α-MPP, the alpha subunit of mitochondrial processing peptidase, the primary enzyme responsible for the maturation of the vast majority of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins, which is necessary for life at the cellular level. Analysis of lymphoblastoid cells and fibroblasts from patients homozygous for the PMPCA p.Ala377Thr mutation and carriers demonstrate that the mutation impacts both the level of the alpha subunit encoded by PMPCA and the function of mitochondrial processing peptidase. In particular, this mutation impacts the maturation process of frataxin, the protein which is depleted in Friedreich ataxia. This study represents the first time that defects in PMPCA and mitochondrial processing peptidase have been described in association with a disease phenotype in humans.


Assuntos
Metaloendopeptidases/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Mutação/genética , Subunidades Proteicas/genética , Degenerações Espinocerebelares/genética , Degenerações Espinocerebelares/metabolismo , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Líbano , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaloendopeptidases/metabolismo , Linhagem , Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS Genet ; 10(5): e1004311, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24786642

RESUMO

Impairment of the tightly regulated ossification process leads to a wide range of skeletal dysplasias and deciphering their molecular bases has contributed to the understanding of this complex process. Here, we report a homozygous mutation in the mitochondria-associated granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor-signaling gene (MAGMAS) in a novel and severe spondylodysplastic dysplasia. MAGMAS, also referred to as PAM16 (presequence translocase-associated motor 16), is a mitochondria-associated protein involved in preprotein translocation into the matrix. We show that MAGMAS is specifically expressed in trabecular bone and cartilage at early developmental stages and that the mutation leads to an instability of the protein. We further demonstrate that the mutation described here confers to yeast strains a temperature-sensitive phenotype, impairs the import of mitochondrial matrix pre-proteins and induces cell death. The finding of deleterious MAGMAS mutations in an early lethal skeletal dysplasia supports a key role for this mitochondrial protein in the ossification process.


Assuntos
Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/fisiologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/diagnóstico por imagem , Exoma , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas Mitocondriais/química , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Linhagem , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Radiografia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
19.
Ann Hum Genet ; 77(4): 336-43, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23550889

RESUMO

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease constitutes a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of hereditary neuropathies characterized by progressive muscular and sensory loss in the distal extremities with chronic distal weakness, deformation of the feet, and loss of deep tendon reflexes. CMT4H is an autosomal recessive demyelinating subtype of CMT, due to mutations in FGD4/FRABIN, for which nine mutations are described to date. In this study, we describe three patients from a consanguineous Tunisian family, presenting with severe, early onset, slowly progressive, autosomal recessive demyelinating CMT, complicated by mild to severe kyphoscoliosis, consistent with CMT4H. In these patients, we report the identification of a novel homozygous frameshift mutation in FGD4: c.514_515insG; p.Ala172Glyfs*27. Our study reports the first mutation identified in FGD4 in Tunisian patients affected with CMT. It further confirms the important clinical heterogeneity observed in patients with mutations in FGD4 and the lack of phenotype/genotype correlations in CMT4H. Our results suggest that FGD4 should be screened in other early-onset CMT subtypes, regardless of the severity of the phenotype, and particularly in patients of consanguineous descent. In Tunisians, as in other populations with high consanguinity rates, screening of genes responsible for rare autosomal recessive CMT subtypes should be prioritized.


Assuntos
Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/genética , Consanguinidade , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Mutação , Adolescente , Biópsia , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/diagnóstico , Criança , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fibras Nervosas Mielinizadas/patologia , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Tunísia , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Peripher Nerv Syst ; 17(2): 141-6, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22734899

RESUMO

By sequencing of the FGD4 coding sequence in a cohort of 101 patients affected by autosomal recessive demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), we have identified two novel missense mutations in FGD4 in two patients from consanguineous descent: p.Arg442His in an Algerian patient and p.Met566Ile in a Lebanese girl. The patients present early onset, slowly progressive CMT, with drastic reduction of nerve conduction velocities. These mutations are the second and third missense mutations characterized in FGD4. They are likely to lead to conformational changes in the PH1 and FYVE domains.


Assuntos
Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Adolescente , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
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