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2.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 16, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most maternal deaths occur during the intrapartum and peripartum periods in sub-Saharan Africa, emphasizing the importance of timely access to quality health service for childbirth and postpartum care. Increasing facility births and provision of postpartum care has been the focus of numerous interventions globally, including in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this scoping review is to synthetize the characteristics and effectiveness of interventions to increase facility births or provision of postpartum care in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We searched for systematic reviews, scoping reviews, qualitative studies and quantitative studies using experimental, quasi experimental, or observational designs, which reported on interventions for increasing facility birth or provision of postpartum care in sub-Saharan Africa. These studies were published in English or French. The search comprised six scientific literature databases (Pubmed, CAIRN, la Banque de Données en Santé Publique, the Cochrane Library). We also used Google Scholar and snowball or citation tracking. RESULTS: Strategies identified in the literature as increasing facility births in the sub-Saharan African context include community awareness raising, health expenses reduction (transportation or user fee), non-monetary incentive programs (baby kits), or a combination of these with improvement of care quality (patient's privacy, waiting time, training of provider), and or follow-up of pregnant women to use health facility for birth. Strategies that were found to increase provision of postpartum care include improvement of care quality, community-level identification and referrals of postpartum problems and transport voucher program. CONCLUSIONS: To accelerate achievements in facility birth and provision of postpartum care in sub-Saharan Africa, we recommend strategies that can be implemented sustainably or produce sustainable change. How to sustainably motivate community actors in health interventions may be particularly important in this respect. Furthermore, we recommend that more intervention studies are implemented in West and Central Africa, and focused more on postpartum. In in sub-Saharan Africa, many women die when giving or few days after birth. This happens because they do not have access to good health services in a timely manner during labor and after giving birth. Worldwide, many interventions have been implemented to Increase the number of women giving birth in a health facility or receiving care from health professional after giving birth. The objective of this study is to synthetize the characteristics and effectiveness of interventions that have been implemented in sub-Saharan Africa, aiming to increase the number of women giving birth in a health facility or receiving care from health professional after birth. To proceed with this synthesis, we did a review of studies that have reported on such interventions in sub-Saharan Africa. These studies were published in English or French. The interventions identified to increase the number of women giving birth in a health facility include community awareness raising, reduction of health expenses (transportation or user fee), non-monetary incentive programs (baby kits), or a combination of these with improvement of care quality (patient's privacy, waiting time, training of provider), and or follow-up of pregnant women to use health facility for birth. Interventions implemented to increase the number women receiving care from a health professional after birth include improvement of care quality, transport voucher program and community-level identification and referrals to the health center of mothers' health problems. In sub-Saharan Africa, to accelerate increase in the number of women giving birth in a health facility and receiving care from a health professional after, we recommend interventions that can be implemented sustainably or produce sustainable change. How to sustainably motivate community actors in health interventions may be particularly important in this respect. Furthermore, we recommend the conduct in West and Central Africa, of more studies targeting interventions to increase the number of women giving birth in a health facility and or receiving care from a health professional after birth.

3.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1840, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Guinea, high fertility among adolescents and young women in urban areas remains a public health concern. This study describes trends in contraceptive use, unmet need, and factors associated with the use of modern family planning (FP) methods among urban adolescents and young women in Guinea. METHODS: We used four Guinea Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in 1999, 2005, 2012, and 2018. Among urban adolescents and young women (15-24 years), we examined trends over time in three key indicators: 1. Modern Contraceptive use, 2. Unmet need for FP and 3. Modern contraceptive use among those in need of FP (demand satisfied). We used multivariable logistic regression to examine association between socio-demographic factors and modern FP use on the most recent DHS dataset (2018). RESULTS: We found statistically significant changes over the time period examined with an increase in modern contraceptive use (8.4% in 1999, 12.8% in 2018, p < 0.01) and demand satisfied (29.0% in 1999, 54.1% in 2018, p < 0.001), and a decrease in unmet need for FP (15.8% in 1999, 8.6% in 2018, p < 0.001). Factors significantly associated with modern FP use were; young women aged 20-24 years (AOR 2.8, 95% CI: 1.9-4.1), living in urban areas of Faranah (AOR: 2.6, 95% CI: 1.1-6.5) and Kankan (AOR: 3.6, 95% CI: 1.7-7.8), living in households in the middle (AOR: 7.7, 95% CI: 1.4-42.2) and richer wealth quintiles (AOR: 6.3, 95% CI: 1.0-38.1). Ever-married women (AOR: 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.9) were less likely to use modern FP methods than never married as were those from the Peulh (0.3, 95% CI: 0.2-0.4) and Malinke (0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.8) ethnic groups compared to Soussou ethnic group. CONCLUSION: Despite some progress, efforts are still needed to improve FP method use among urban adolescent and young women. Age, administrative region, wealth index, marital status, and ethnic group are significantly associated with modern FP use. Future policies and interventions should place emphasis on improving adolescents' reproductive health knowledge, increasing FP availability and strengthening provision. Efforts should target adolescents aged 15-19 years in particular, and address disparities between administrative regions and ethnic groups, and health-related inequalities.

4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 37: 88, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244351

RESUMO

Introduction: patient-centred care has become a rallying call for improving quality and access to care in countries where health system responsiveness and satisfaction with health services remain low. Understanding patient-provider interactions is important to guide implementation of an effective patient-centred care approach in sub-Saharan Africa. This review aims to overcome this knowledge gap by synthesizing the evidence on patient-provider interactions in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: we conducted a scoping review using Arksey and O´Malley´s framework. We searched in eight databases and the grey literature. We conducted a thematic analysis using an inductive approach to assess the studies. Results: of the 80 references identified through database searching, nine met the inclusion criteria. Poor communication and several types of mistreatment (service denial, oppressive language, harsh words and rough examination) characterize patient-provider interactions in sub-Saharan Africa. Nevertheless, some health providers offer support to patients who cannot afford their medical expenses, cost of transportation, food or other necessities. Maintaining confidentiality depends on the context of care. Some patients blamed health providers for consulting with the door open or carrying out concomitant activities in the consultation room. However, in the context of HIV care provision, nurses emphasized the importance of keeping their patients´ HIV status confidential. Conclusion: this review advocates for more implementation studies on patient-provider interactions in sub-Saharan Africa so as to inform policies and practices for patient-centred health systems. Decision-makers should prioritize training, mentorship and regular supportive supervision of health providers to provide patient-centred care. Patients should be empowered in care processes.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8605485, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32802881

RESUMO

Guinea's reference ranges for biological parameters rely on those of Caucasian values. Variability in reference ranges according to the context is well-documented. We conducted this study for the purpose of future malaria clinical trials that assess the efficacy and safety of malaria drugs. A repeated cross-sectional study was carried out, in an apparently healthy cohort population. Surveys took place in Maferinyah rural community, which is located at 75 km from the capital. The 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles were determined nonparametrically and stood for reference intervals. Reference values were determined separately for males and females according to ranges of age (6-10 years of age; 11-15 years of age; 16-45 years of age). Differences between genders were tested using the Mann-Whitney test, while the Friedman test was performed to test differences within each gender group according to the seasons. A total of 450 volunteers were enrolled. The median age was 13. Males 16-45 years of age had significantly higher hematologic and biochemical values compared to a female of the same age (for hematological parameters: Mean Cell Hemoglobin Concentration MCHC p ≤ 0.001, Platelets p ≤ 0.001, monocytes p = 0.0305, eosinophils p = 0.0225; for biochemical parameters: Aspartate aminotransferase AST p ≤ 0.001, Alanine Aminotransferase ALT p ≤ 0.001, creatinine p ≤ 0.001). We noticed significant seasonal variations for all the biochemical parameters and some hematologic parameters (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin MCH, MCHC, Mean Cell volume). This is the first study establishing hematologic and biochemical parameters in Guinea. These findings provide a useful guide for the clinical researchers and care providers. Studies on large scale and in different settings would be also desirable.

7.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1298, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32854668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2013-2015 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Guinea resulted in community mistrust that influenced health care service utilization. This study aimed to assess whether EVD-related memories affect post-outbreak health-seeking behaviours for children under 5 years of age with febrile illnesses in Guéckédou district, Guinea. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted by surveying caregivers of children under 5 years of age in the sub-district most affected by the EVD outbreak (Guèndembou) and the least affected sub-district (Bolodou) in Guéckédou district. Memories of the outbreak were referred to as EVD-related fears in the post-EVD period, which was based on a series of questions regarding current feelings. RESULTS: While the majority of caregivers sought care for their children with febrile illness in both districts, a statistically significantly higher proportion of caregivers in Guèndembou sought care, compared to caregivers in Bolodou.. More caregivers in Guèndembou (19.9%; n = 39) reported the death of family members or friends due to EVD compared to Bolodou (6.9%; n = 14; P < 0.001). The mean EVD fear score of caregivers was significantly higher in Guèndembou (3.0; SD: 3.0) than in Bolodou (2.0; SD: 1.1) (p < 0.001). Caregivers with a fear score above the median were 1.68 times more likely to seek care than those whose fear score was equal to or below the median; however, this difference was not statistically significant. Caregivers who reported family members' or friends' death due to EVD were also more likely to seek care (AOR = 2.12; 95%CI: 0.91-4.91), however, with no statistical significance. Only residing in the EVD-most affected sub-district of Guèndembou (AOR = 1.74; 95%CI: 1·09-2.79) was positively associated with seeking care. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals that community members in the rural district of Guéckédou still live with fear related to EVD nearly 2 years after the outbreak. It calls for more efforts in the health domain to preserve communities' key values and address the psychosocial effect of EVD in rural Guinea.

8.
Glob Public Health ; 15(12): 1767-1777, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673146

RESUMO

The major challenges in controlling the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Guinea were contact tracing, referral of suspected cases, secure burial and mistrust in the context of a weak health system. Community involvement and uptake of key interventions were very low, contributing to the spread of the epidemic. A community engagement project, using community based organisations (CBOs) and community leaders, was implemented in four affected health districts in rural Guinea. This paper reports on the contribution of the CBOs and community leaders in controlling the EVD outbreak. Base-, mid- and end - line assessments were conducted using a mixed methods approach. In total, 422 CBOs members, 50 community leaders and 40 village birth attendants were engaged in social mobilisation, awareness raising, reaching 154,310 people and leading to the end of reluctance and mistrust. Thus, 95 suspected cases were referred to health facilities, contact tracing and secure burial increased from 88.0% to 96.6% and from 67% to 95.4%, respectively, and institutional deliveries increased from 637 to 806. Involvement of CBOs and community leaders against the EVD outbreak is an effective resource that should also be considered to better respond to possible large-scale epidemic threats in a fragile health system context.

9.
Parasite Epidemiol Control ; 11: e00162, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715113

RESUMO

Worldwide, a child dies every two minutes due to malaria with Africa bearing about 90% of all malaria deaths particularly among children. This study aimed to describe malaria prevalence and its associated factors among children aged 6 months to 9 years in Guinea. We conducted a cross-sectional household survey between 02 and 29 August 2014 in children aged 6 months to 9 years in the four natural regions of the country. A five-level cluster sampling using the national database from the national institute of statistics was used to select study participants. A total of 1984 children aged 6 months to 9 years were enrolled. The mean age was 50 months (SD, 27). The rapid diagnostic test showed a high malaria prevalence (44%) countrywide along with regional variation ranging from 38% to 61%. A multivariate analysis showed that living in Forest Guinea (AOR: 2.48; 95% CI: 1.78-3.46), in rural areas (AOR: 1.91; 95% IC: 1.45-2.5) and having a splenomegaly (AOR: 2.66; 95% CI: 1.75-4.04) were highly associated with malaria. This study shows that malaria is still prevalent in Guinea among children aged 6 months to 9 years of age.

10.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(7)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718950

RESUMO

It is very exceptional that a new disease becomes a true pandemic. Since its emergence in Wuhan, China, in late 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes COVID-19, has spread to nearly all countries of the world in only a few months. However, in different countries, the COVID-19 epidemic takes variable shapes and forms in how it affects communities. Until now, the insights gained on COVID-19 have been largely dominated by the COVID-19 epidemics and the lockdowns in China, Europe and the USA. But this variety of global trajectories is little described, analysed or understood. In only a few months, an enormous amount of scientific evidence on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 has been uncovered (knowns). But important knowledge gaps remain (unknowns). Learning from the variety of ways the COVID-19 epidemic is unfolding across the globe can potentially contribute to solving the COVID-19 puzzle. This paper tries to make sense of this variability-by exploring the important role that context plays in these different COVID-19 epidemics; by comparing COVID-19 epidemics with other respiratory diseases, including other coronaviruses that circulate continuously; and by highlighting the critical unknowns and uncertainties that remain. These unknowns and uncertainties require a deeper understanding of the variable trajectories of COVID-19. Unravelling them will be important for discerning potential future scenarios, such as the first wave in virgin territories still untouched by COVID-19 and for future waves elsewhere.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Saúde Global , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Pandêmica, 1918-1919 , Influenza Humana , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Adv Prev Med ; 2020: 1506148, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32655953

RESUMO

Background: Motorcycle road traffic accidents (RTA) constitute an increasing public health challenge with victims more likely to sustain fatal injuries compared with other types of RTA. The aim of this study was to analyze motorcycle RTA-related morbidity and mortality among victims admitted to hospitals in Guinea from 2015 to 2017. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study based on hospital records from six districts (Boké, Kindia, Mamou, Faranah, N'Zérékoré, and Siguiri) from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2017. Bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to explore associations between RTA types and mortality. Results: There were 14,962 RTA victims with motorcycle RTA accounting for 58.3% and other RTA 45.3% of hospital admissions. Overall, motorcycle RTA accounted for 77.7%, with young adults (96.2%) and males (73.5%) more affected when compared to victims of other types of RTA. Median age of motorcycle RTA victims was 23 years (IQR: 17-33 years). Students (29.7%), employees (23.6%), and farmers/housewives (23.3%) were the commonest groups affected by motorcycle RTA. The highest burden of motorcycle RTA occurred in the mining zones (Boké and Siguiri). Wounds (39.2% and 27.3%) and multiple injuries (43.8% and 43.8%) were the commonest types of injury sustained by victims of both motorcycle and other types of RTA, respectively. Motorcycle RTA accounted for 54% of overall deaths. Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, sustaining a motorcycle RTA in N'Zérékoré (AOR: 4.2; 95% CI: 1.6-11.2) and being admitted with mild (AOR: 7.4; 95% CI 2.1-25.8) and heavy or deep coma (AOR: 776.1; 95% CI: 340.2-1770.7) were significantly associated with mortality. Conclusions: Motorcycle RTA are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in Guinea. Males, young adult users, students, employees, and people from mining zones are the most affected. Better law enforcement and awareness raising among Guinean young adults are promising prevention strategies.

12.
13.
Malar J ; 19(1): 223, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-malarial resistance is a threat to recent gains in malaria control. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ) and artemether-lumefantrine (AL) in the management of uncomplicated malaria and to measure the prevalence of molecular markers of resistance of Plasmodium falciparum in sentinel sites in Maferinyah and Labé Health Districts in Guinea in 2016. METHODS: This was a two-arm randomised controlled trial of the efficacy of AL and ASAQ among children aged 6-59 months with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in two sites. Children were followed for 28 days to assess clinical and parasitological response. The primary outcome was the Kaplan-Meier estimate of Day 28 (D28) efficacy after correction by microsatellite-genotyping. Pre-treatment (D0) and day of failure samples were assayed for molecular markers of resistance in the pfk13 and pfmdr1 genes. RESULTS: A total of 421 participants were included with 211 participants in the Maferinyah site and 210 in Labé. No early treatment failure was observed in any study arms. However, 22 (5.3%) participants developed a late treatment failure (8 in the ASAQ arm and 14 in the AL arm), which were further classified as 2 recrudescences and 20 reinfections. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of the corrected efficacy at D28 was 100% for both AL and ASAQ in Maferinyah site and 99% (95% Confidence Interval: 97.2-100%) for ASAQ and 99% (97.1-100%) for AL in Labé. The majority of successfully analysed D0 (98%, 380/389) and all day of failure (100%, 22/22) samples were wild type for pfk13. All 9 observed pfk13 mutations were polymorphisms not associated with artemisinin resistance. The NFD haplotype was the predominant haplotype in both D0 (197/362, 54%) and day of failure samples (11/18, 61%) successfully analysed for pfmdr1. CONCLUSION: This study observed high efficacy and safety of both ASAQ and AL in Guinea, providing evidence for their continued use to treat uncomplicated malaria. Continued monitoring of ACT efficacy and safety and molecular makers of resistance in Guinea is important to detect emergence of parasite resistance and to inform evidence-based malaria treatment policies.

14.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(6)2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32586891

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has substantially impacted maternity care provision worldwide. Studies based on modelling estimated large indirect effects of the pandemic on services and health outcomes. The objective of this study was to prospectively document experiences of frontline maternal and newborn healthcare providers. METHODS: We conducted a global, cross-sectional study of maternal and newborn health professionals via an online survey disseminated through professional networks and social media in 12 languages. Information was collected between 24 March and 10 April 2020 on respondents' background, preparedness for and response to COVID-19 and their experience during the pandemic. An optional module sought information on adaptations to 17 care processes. Descriptive statistics and qualitative thematic analysis were used to analyse responses, disaggregating by low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) and high-income countries (HICs). RESULTS: We analysed responses from 714 maternal and newborn health professionals. Only one-third received training on COVID-19 from their health facility and nearly all searched for information themselves. Half of respondents in LMICs received updated guidelines for care provision compared with 82% in HICs. Overall, 47% of participants in LMICs and 69% in HICs felt mostly or completely knowledgeable in how to care for COVID-19 maternity patients. Facility-level responses to COVID-19 (signage, screening, testing and isolation rooms) were more common in HICs than LMICs. Globally, 90% of respondents reported somewhat or substantially higher levels of stress. There was a widespread perception of reduced use of routine maternity care services, and of modification in care processes, some of which were not evidence-based practices. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial knowledge gaps exist in guidance on management of maternity cases with or without COVID-19. Formal information-sharing channels for providers must be established and mental health support provided. Surveys of maternity care providers can help track the situation, capture innovations and support rapid development of effective responses.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estresse Ocupacional , Pobreza , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Reprod Health ; 17(1): 61, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) can give rise to immediate and long-term health problems for girls/women. Numerous studies have identified the sociocultural determinants of this tradition, but so far, in a national context where FGM is highly practiced, virtually none have focused on people refusing to have their daughters cut. We therefore aimed to understand the sociocultural dynamics underlying the non-practice of FGM in Guinea, a country which has one of the most prevalent rates of this practice in the world. This research explored the demographic and sociocultural profiles of Guineans who do not practice FGM, as well as their non-practice experience in a context of high FGM prevalence and social pressure. METHODS: We used a "focused ethnography" methodology and conducted semi-structured individual interviews with 30 women and men from different generations (young adults, parents, grandparents) living in Conakry, Guinea. RESULTS: We found that participants 1) do not disclose their non-practicing status in the same way, and 2) have different experiences with social pressure. A typology was created to describe participants as per their various profiles and experiences, which we named as: 1) the "activists", 2) the "discrete", 3) the "courageous", 4) the "strategists". DISCUSSION: Wanting to stop practicing FGM is not enough. The main empowering conditions allowing people to enact their decision not to have their daughters undergo FGM are: benefiting from social support (positive social capital), or being financially independent from the traditional solidarity network (sufficient economic capital). We therefore recommend finding ways to increase women's/families' empowerment to enact their decision not to practice FGM, mainly by: 1) providing them with new sources of social support, and 2) supporting them to gain more financial independence, including through schooling and improved access to better-paid employment. CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first to explore the experience of people who do not practice FGM in a context of high FGM prevalence and social pressure. The results and recommendations of this research can inform strategies for FGM abandonment and therefore contribute to improving or developing intervention strategies that promote the health and well-being of girls and women.

16.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(4): e0008206, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320398

RESUMO

During the West African Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic from 2014 to 2016, a variety of technologies travelled considering the context of the emergency: a highly contagious fast-killing disease outbreak with no known remedy and a rapidly increasing number of cases. The Ebola-Tx clinical trial tested the efficacy of Convalescent Plasma (CP) as a treatment for EVD in Guinea. This paper is based on ethnographic research in the Ebola-Tx trial and focuses on the introduction of a mobile plasma collection centre, referred to as the 'Plasma Mobile', equipped with plasmapheresis and pathogen inactivation technologies, as well as how the transfer itself of this technology entailed complex effects on CP donors as trial participants (i.e. providers of the therapeutic product), directly involved staff and more broadly on the trial implementation as a whole. The transfer led to the emergence of a dimension of hope as CP donors hoped that the plasma would cure and, as providers of the therapeutic, hoped it would decrease their stigmatization and the economic impact of the disease. We conclude that, in light of the intricate effects that the transfer of such health technology can entail-in the localization to the specific context, as well as in the consequences they can have on actors involved in the implementation of such technologies-global health technologies should be put at the services of next epidemic and pandemic (preparedness) on condition that they are accompanied by an understanding of the technologies' own cultural meanings and social understandings.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue/psicologia , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/prevenção & controle , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/terapia , Unidades Móveis de Saúde , Tecnologia Biomédica , Feminino , Guiné , Humanos , Masculino , Motivação , Participação do Paciente , Plasmaferese/métodos , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Transferência de Tecnologia
17.
Trop Med Int Health ; 25(6): 687-694, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency, causes and post-repair outcomes of NOF in hospitals supported by the Fistula Care Plus (FC+) project in the Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2017 in three FC + supported fistula repair sites. RESULTS: Of 1984 women treated for female genital fistula between 2015 and 2017 in the three FC + supported hospitals, 384 (19%) were considered to be non-obstetric fistula (NOF) cases. 49.3% were married/in a relationship at the time of treatment vs. 69% before the fistula, P < 0.001. Type III (n = 247; 64.3%) and type I (n = 121; 31.5%) fistulas according to Kees/Waaldijk classification were the most common. The main causes of NOF were medical procedure (n = 305; 79.4%); of these, caesarean section (n = 234; 76.7%) and hysterectomy (n = 54; 17.7%) were the most common. At hospital discharge, the fistula was closed and dry in 353 women (95.7%). CONCLUSION: Non-obstetric fistula, particularly due to iatrogenic causes, was relatively common in the DRC, calling for more prevention that includes improved quality of care in maternal health services.


Assuntos
Fístula Vesicovaginal/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , República Democrática do Congo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paridade , Características de Residência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fístula Vesicovaginal/etiologia , Fístula Vesicovaginal/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 148 Suppl 1: 42-58, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female genital fistula is associated with significant physical, psychological, and economic consequences; however, a knowledge and practice gap exists around services adjunct to fistula surgery. OBJECTIVES: To examine rehabilitation and reintegration services provided adjunct to genital fistula surgery, map existing programming and outcomes, and identify areas for additional research. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the published and grey literature from January 2000 to June 2019. Two reviewers screened articles and extracted data using standardized methods. SELECTION CRITERIA: Research and programmatic articles describing service provision in addition to female genital fistula surgery were included. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Of 3047 published articles and 2623 unpublished documents identified, 26 and 55, respectively, were analyzed. MAIN RESULTS: Programming identified included combinations of health education, physical therapy, social support, psychosocial counseling, and economic empowerment, largely in sub-Saharan Africa. Improvements were noted in physical and psychosocial health. CONCLUSIONS: Existing literature supports holistic fistula care through adjunct reintegration programming. Improving the evidence base requires implementing robust study designs, increasing reporting detail, and standardizing outcomes across studies. Increased financing for holistic fistula care is critical for developing and supporting programming to ensure positive outcomes.


Assuntos
Fístula Vesicovaginal/reabilitação , África ao Sul do Saara , Feminino , Saúde Holística , Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Apoio Social , Resultado do Tratamento , Fístula Vesicovaginal/cirurgia
19.
Sante Publique ; 32(5): 537-548, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723960

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The development of quality human resources for health is an essential pillar of an effective health system. The objective of this study was to describe the implementation process and the results of an eLearning approach for capacity strengthening of health professionals in Guinea. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study using a mixed research method was conducted from January 15, 2018 to January 15, 2019. RESULTS: A team from the National Training and Research Centre in Rural Health of Maferinyah in Guinea has been trained in the development of online courses. Two courses lasting three months each (7 to 8 modules), entirely offered online on the Moodle platform, have been developed, one on Primary Health Care (eSSP) and the other on the Management of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services (eSSR). Overall, 282 health professionals have been enrolled for both courses, with a completion rate of 69.5%. The success rate for learners who completed the courses was 79.6% and the success rate for enrollees was 55.3%. The dropout and abstention rates were 21.6% and 8.9%, respectively. The strengths, weaknesses and challenges of the organization and the success of such a training were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The eLearning approach for capacity strengthening of health professionals is feasible and gives good findings in low-income contexts like that of Guinea.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola , Estudos Transversais , Guiné , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Humanos
20.
Sante Publique ; 32(5): 571-582, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723963

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy in schools is an obstacle to the development and education of young girls, especially in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of pregnancies within a school setting and the profile of adolescent girls who have had the experience in Conakry, Guinea. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study covering the period from January 1 to June 30, 2017 in 16 schools. RESULTS: A total of 2,419 adolescent girls consented to participate in the study. The mean age was 16.48±0.04 years with extremes of 10 and 19 years. Students aged 15 to 19 (93.0%), those in college (53.3%) and single (69.8%) were the most likely to have been pregnant in school (P<0.05). The factors statistically significantly associated with the occurrence of teenage pregnancies in a school environment were age (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.5; 95%CI=1.3-1.7; P<0.001), school level (AOR=0.6; 95%CI=0.4-0.8; P=0.003 for Lycée), the place of residence (AOR=0.5; 95%CI=0.4-0.9; P=0.002 for Matam, AOR=0.4; 95%CI=0.3-0.8; P<0.001 for Dixinn, AOR=0,3; 95%CI=0.2-0.8; P=0.010 for Ratoma), marital status (AOR=8.7; 95%CI=3.4-7.0; P<0.001), information on reproductive health (AOR=2.4; 95%CI=1.1-3.0; P=0.015), knowledge of the benefits of family planning (AOR=2.2; 95%CI=1.0-2.2; P=0.030) and the difficulty of accessing sexual and reproductive health services (AOR=3.4; 95%CI=1.4-3,7; P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of school pregnancies remains a worrying reality among adolescent girls in Guinea. Factors associated with the occurrence of pregnancy in the school are age, school level, place of residence, marital status, knowledge of sexual health information, knowledge of the benefits of family planning, and related difficulties access to sexual and reproductive health services.


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas , Educação Sexual , Adolescente , Adulto , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Guiné/epidemiologia , Humanos , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
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