Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 507
Filtrar
1.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059084

RESUMO

AIMS: Left ventricular (LV) remodelling after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) worsens outcome. The effect of sex on LV post-infarct remodelling is unknown. We therefore investigated the sex distribution and long-term prognosis of LV post-infarct remodelling after STEMI in the contemporary era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and optimal pharmacotherapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were obtained from an ongoing primary PCI STEMI registry. LV remodelling was defined as ≥20% increase in LV end-diastolic volume at either 3, 6, or 12 months post-infarct, and LV remodelling impact on outcome was evaluated with a log-rank test. A total population of 1995 STEMI patients were analysed (mean age 60 ± 12 years): 1527 (77%) men and 468 (23%) women. The mean age of male patients was 60±11 versus 63±13 years for women (P < 0.001). A total of 953 (48%) patients experienced LV remodelling in the first 12 months of follow-up, and it was equally frequent amongst men (n = 729, 48%) and women (n = 224, 48%). After a median follow-up of 94 (interquartile range 69-119) months, 225 patients died: 171 (11%) men and 54 (12%) women. No survival difference was seen between remodellers and non-remodellers in the male (P = 0.113) and female (P = 0.920) groups. CONCLUSION: LV post-infarct remodelling incidence, as well as long-term survival of LV remodellers and non-remodellers, was similar in men and women who were treated with primary PCI and optimal pharmacotherapy post-STEMI.

2.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982104

RESUMO

Aortic stenosis (AS) and renal dysfunction share risk factors and often occur simultaneously. The influence of renal dysfunction on the prognosis of patients with various grades of AS has not been extensively described. The present study aimed to assess the prognostic implications of renal dysfunction in a large cohort of patients with aortic sclerosis and patients with various grades of AS. Patients diagnosed with various grades of AS by transthoracic echocardiography were assessed and divided according to renal function by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The occurrence of all-cause mortality (primary end point) and aortic valve replacement (AVR) was noted. Of 1,178 patients (mean age 70 ± 13 years, 60% male), 327 (28%) had aortic sclerosis, 86 (7%) had mild AS, 285 (24%) had moderate AS, and 480 (41%) had severe AS. Renal dysfunction (eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m2) was present in 440 (37%) patients, and moderate to severe AS was observed more often in these patients compared to patients without (70 vs 62%, respectively; p = 0.008). After a median follow-up of 95 [31 to 149] months, 626 (53%) patients underwent AVR and 549 (47%) patients died. Severely impaired renal function (eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m2) and AVR were independently associated with all-cause mortality after correcting for AS severity. In conclusion, renal dysfunction is highly prevalent in patients with various grades of AS. After correcting for AS severity and AVR, severely impaired renal function (eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m2) was independently associated with all-cause mortality. Independent of renal function, AVR was associated with improved survival.

3.
Eur Heart J ; 41(6): 739-747, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901937
4.
Nat Rev Cardiol ; 17(2): 75-84, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527743

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has revolutionized the treatment of symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis. Current guidelines recommend TAVI in patients at increased operative risk of death. Advanced imaging planning, new transcatheter valve platforms, procedure streamlining and growing operator experience have improved procedural safety and bioprosthetic valve performance. As a result, TAVI has been explored for other indications. Two randomized trials published in 2019 to assess TAVI in patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis at low operative risk have set the stage for a new wave of indications. In younger and low-risk patients, TAVI had an early safety benefit over surgical aortic valve replacement and was associated with faster discharge from hospital and recovery and fewer rehospitalizations. In patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, TAVI has now been explored across the entire spectrum of operative risk, from inoperable to low-risk populations, in properly designed, randomized clinical trials, although data on the long-term durability of these valves are lacking. The use of TAVI in severe bicuspid aortic valve stenosis, asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis, moderate aortic stenosis in combination with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, and isolated pure aortic regurgitation is now under investigation in clinical trials. In this Review, we provide our perspective on these evolving indications for TAVI, discuss relevant available data from clinical trials, and highlight procedural implications and caveats of new and future indications.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(1 Pt 1): 124-139, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103575

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an established therapy for patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. Technological advances and the learning curve have resulted in better procedural results in terms of hemodynamic valve performance and intermediate-term clinical outcomes. The integration of anatomical and functional information provided by multimodality imaging has improved size selection of TAVR prostheses, permitted better patient selection, and provided new insights in the performance of the TAVR prostheses at follow-up. Furthermore, the field of TAVR continues to develop and expand the technique to younger patients with lower risk on the one hand, and more complex clinical scenarios, on the other hand, such as degenerated aortic bioprostheses, bicuspid aortic valves, or pure native aortic regurgitation. The present review article summarizes how multimodality imaging can be integrated in TAVR in clinical (sometimes complex) scenarios that have not been included in the landmark randomized clinical trials.

8.
JACC Heart Fail ; 8(2): 131-140, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the impact of post-infarct left ventricular (LV) remodeling on outcomes in the contemporary era. BACKGROUND: LV remodeling after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with heart failure and increased mortality. Pivotal studies have mostly been performed in the era of thrombolysis, whereas the long-term prognostic impact of LV remodeling has not been reinvestigated in the current era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and optimal pharmacotherapy. METHODS: Data were obtained from an ongoing registry of patients with STEMI (all treated with primary PCI). Baseline, 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month echocardiograms were analyzed. LV remodeling was defined as a ≥20% increase in LV end-diastolic volume at 3, 6, or 12 months post-infarct. The impact of LV remodeling on outcomes was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1,995 patients with STEMI were studied (mean age 60 ± 12 years, 77% men), 953 (48%) of whom demonstrated remodeling in the first 12 months of follow-up. After a median follow-up of 94 (interquartile range: 69 to 119) months, 225 (11%) patients had died. There was no difference in survival between remodelers and nonremodelers (p = 0.144). However, LV remodelers were more likely to be admitted to hospital for heart failure than were nonremodelers (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In the contemporary era, in which STEMI is treated with primary PCI and optimal pharmacotherapy, almost one-half of patients demonstrate LV post-infarct remodeling. However, there is no difference in long-term survival between LV remodelers and nonremodelers, and LV remodelers experience a higher rate of heart failure hospitalization, which indicates the need to intensify preventative strategies in these patients.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) systolic function is a prognostic factor in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) data are key in the evaluation of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and when acquired retrospectively, LV systolic function can be assessed. Novel software permits assessment of LV global longitudinal strain (GLS) from MDCT data. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the feasibility of feature tracking MDCT-derived LV GLS and its agreement with echocardiographic LV GLS in patients treated with TAVI. METHODS: LV GLS was measured on transthoracic echocardiography using speckle tracking analysis and on dynamic MDCT using feature tracking technology. Agreement between the measurements of two different modalities was assessed using Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS: A total of 214 patients (51% male, mean age: 80 ± 7 years) were analysed. Mean LV GLS on echocardiography was -13.91 ± 4.32%, whereas mean feature tracking MDCT-derived GLS was -12.46 ± 3.97%. Correlation of measurements between feature tracking MDCT-derived LV GLS and echocardiographic LV GLS demonstrated a large effect size (r = 0.791, p < 0.001). On Bland-Altman analysis, feature tracking MDCT-derived strain analysis underestimated LV GLS compared to echocardiography with a mean difference of 1.44% (95% limits of agreement -3.85% - 6.73%). CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of LV GLS on dynamic feature tracking MDCT data is feasible in TAVI patients. Compared to speckle tracking echocardiography, feature tracking MDCT underestimates the value of LV GLS.

13.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741328

RESUMO

At the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) congress of this year 2019, held in Paris from August 31st to September 4th, 4509 abstracts were presented. Of those, 414 (9%) belonged to an imaging category. Experts in echocardiography (VD), nuclear imaging (AS), cardiac computed tomography (CT) (MD) and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) (CBD), have selected the abstracts in their areas of expertise that were of most interest to them and are summarized in this bird's eye view from this ESC meeting. These abstracts were integrated by one of the Editors of the Journal (JB).

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633159

RESUMO

AIMS: In patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF), the frequency of impaired LV global longitudinal strain (GLS) and its prognostic implications are unknown. The present study evaluated the proportion and prognostic value of impaired LV GLS in patients with BAV and preserved LVEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five hundred and thirteen patients (68% men; mean age 44 ± 18 years) with BAV and preserved LVEF (>50%) were divided into five groups according to the type of BAV dysfunction: (i) normal function BAV, (ii) mild aortic stenosis (AS) or aortic regurgitation (AR), (iii) ≥moderate isolated AS, (iv) ≥moderate isolated AR, and (v) ≥moderate mixed AS and AR. LV systolic dysfunction based on 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography was defined as a cut-off value of LVGLS (-13.6%). The primary outcome was aortic valve intervention or all-cause mortality. The proportion of patients with LVGLS ≤-13.6% was the highest in the normal BAV group (97%) and the lowest in the group with moderate and severe mixed AS and AR (79%). During a median follow-up of 10 years, 210 (41%) patients underwent aortic valve replacement and 17 (3%) died. Patients with preserved LV systolic function (LVGLS ≤ -13.6%) had significantly better event-free survival compared to those with impaired LV systolic function (LVGLS > -13.6%). LVGLS was independently associated with increased risk of events (mainly aortic valve replacement): hazard ratio 1.09; P < 0.001. CONCLUSION: Impaired LVGLS in BAV with preserved LVEF is not infrequent and was independently associated with increased risk of events (mainly aortic valve replacement events).

16.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(10): 2029-2048, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601378

RESUMO

Transcatheter therapies to treat mitral regurgitation are rapidly developing. Currently, there are several devices commercially available to treat mitral regurgitation. The underlying cause of mitral regurgitation and specific anatomical aspects of the mitral valve and surrounding structures are considered when patients with symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation for transcatheter mitral valve therapies are selected. Multimodality imaging plays an important central role in the selection of patients, providing information about the mechanism of mitral regurgitation, the anatomy of the mitral valve and spatial relationships with the coronary sinus, the circumflex coronary artery and left ventricular outflow tract and to predict the procedural outcomes. During the transcatheter procedure, transesophageal echocardiography and fluoroscopy are key for monitoring the procedural steps to maximize the outcomes and minimize the complications. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the most important aspects to visualize in order to appropriately select patients for transcatheter mitral valve repair and replacement and to guide the procedure for the different transcatheter devices.

17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(24): 2998-3008, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tricuspid regurgitation is associated with increased rates of heart failure (HF) and mortality. Transcatheter tricuspid valve interventions (TTVI) are promising, but the clinical benefit is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential benefit of TTVI over medical therapy in a propensity score matched population. METHODS: The TriValve (Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies) registry collected 472 patients from 22 European and North American centers who underwent TTVI from 2016 to 2018. A control cohort formed by 2 large retrospective registries enrolling medically managed patients with ≥ moderate tricuspid regurgitation in Europe and North America (n = 1,179) were propensity score 1:1 matched (distance ± 0.2 SD) using age, EuroSCORE II, and systolic pulmonary artery pressure. Survival was tested with Cox regression analysis. Primary endpoint was 1-year mortality or HF rehospitalization or the composite. RESULTS: After matching, 268 adequately matched pairs of patients were identified. Compared with control subjects, TTVI patients had lower 1-year mortality (23 ± 3% vs. 36 ± 3%; p = 0.001), rehospitalization (26 ± 3% vs. 47 ± 3%; p < 0.0001), and composite endpoint (32 ± 4% vs. 49 ± 3%; p = 0.0003). TTVI was associated with greater survival and freedom from HF rehospitalization (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.60; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.46 to 0.79; p = 0.003 unadjusted), which remained significant after adjusting for sex, New York Heart Association functional class, right ventricular dysfunction, and atrial fibrillation (HR: 0.39; 95% CI: 0.26 to 0.59; p < 0.0001) and after further adjustment for mitral regurgitation and pacemaker/defibrillator (HR: 0.35; 95% CI: 0.23 to 0.54; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In this propensity-matched case-control study, TTVI is associated with greater survival and reduced HF rehospitalization compared with medical therapy alone. Randomized trials should be performed to confirm these results.

18.
Circulation ; 2019 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510787

RESUMO

Background: Valvular heart disease (VHD) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity and has been subject to important changes in management. The VHD II survey was designed by the EURObservational Research Programme of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) to analyze actual management of VHD and compare practice with guidelines. Methods: Patients with severe native VHD or previous valvular intervention were enrolled prospectively across 28 countries over a 3-month period in 2017. Indications for intervention were considered concordant if the intervention was performed or scheduled in symptomatic patients, corresponding to Class I recommendations specified in the 2012 ESC and in the 2014 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology VHD guidelines. Results: 7247 patients (4483 hospitalized, 2764 out-patients) were included in 222 centers. Median age was 71 years (interquartile range 62-80); 1917 patients (26.5%) were aged ≥80 years and 3416 were female (47.1%). Severe native VHD was present in 5219 patients (72.0%): aortic stenosis (AS) in 2152 patients (41.2% of native VHD), aortic regurgitation (AR) in 279 (5.3%), mitral stenosis (MS) in 234 (4.5%), mitral regurgitation (MR) in 1114 (21.3%, primary in 746 and secondary in 368) multiple left-sided VHD in 1297 (24.9%) and right-sided VHD in 143 (2.7%). 2028 patients (28.0%) had undergone previous valvular intervention. Intervention was performed in 37.0% and scheduled in 26.8% of patients with native VHD. The decision for intervention was concordant with Class I recommendations in symptomatic patients with severe single left-sided native VHD in 79.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 77.1-81.6%) for AS, 77.6% (95% CI 69.9-84.0%) for AR, 68.5% (95% CI 60.8-75.4%) for MS, and 71.0% (95% CI 66.4-75.3%) for primary MR. Valvular interventions were performed in 2150 patients during the survey; of them, 47.8% of patients with single left-sided native VHD were in New York Heart Association class III or IV. Transcatheter procedures were performed in 38.7% of patients with AS and 16.7% of those with MR. Conclusions: Despite good concordance between Class I recommendations and practice in patients with aortic VHD, the suboptimal figure in mitral VHD and late referral for valvular interventions suggest the need to improve further guideline implementation.

19.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 20(10): 1075-1093, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504368

RESUMO

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is defined by the presence of left ventricular or biventricular dilatation and systolic dysfunction in the absence of abnormal loading conditions or coronary artery disease sufficient to explain these changes. This is a heterogeneous disease frequently having a genetic background. Imaging is important for the diagnosis, the prognostic assessment and for guiding therapy. A multimodality imaging approach provides a comprehensive evaluation of all the issues related to this disease. The present document aims to provide recommendations for the use of multimodality imaging according to the clinical question. Selection of one or another imaging technique should be based on the clinical condition and context. Techniques are presented with the aim to underscore what is 'clinically relevant' and what are the tools that 'can be used'. There remain some gaps in evidence on the impact of multimodality imaging on the management and the treatment of DCM patients where ongoing research is important.

20.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497851

RESUMO

AIMS: In mitral valve prolapse (MVP), leaflet thickening has recently been suggested to be due, in addition to a myxomatous degeneration, to the presence of a superimposed tissue (SIT), defined as an additional fibrous layer on top of the original leaflet. The mechanisms of SIT formation are currently unknown. We hypothesized that SIT formation would result from excessive leaflet stress and we used a unique ex vivo model to assess the correlation between leaflet remodelling and the type and location of mechanical stress and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying SIT formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human diseased mitral valves (MVs; n = 21) were histologically analysed for SIT formation and original leaflet thickening. The SIT comprised of various compositions of extracellular matrix and could reach more than 50% of total leaflet thickness. Original leaflet and SIT thickness did not show significant correlation (r = -0.27, P = 0.23), suggesting different regulatory mechanisms. To study the role of the mechanical environment on MV remodelling, mouse MV were cultured in their natural position in the heart and subjected to various haemodynamic conditions representing specific phases of the cardiac cycle and the MVP configuration. SIT formation was induced in the ex vivo model, mostly present on the atrial side, and clearly dependent on the duration, type, and extent of mechanical stress. Specific stainings and lineage tracing experiments showed that SIT comprises of macrophages and myofibroblasts and is associated with the activation of the transforming growth factor-beta and bone morphogenetic protein signalling pathways. Migration of valvular interstitial cells and macrophages through breakages of the endothelial cell lining contributed to SIT formation. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical stresses induce specific cellular and molecular changes in the MV that result in SIT formation. These observations provide the first insights in the mechanism of SIT formation and represent an initial step to identify potential novel and early treatment for MVP.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA