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1.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 13(10): e008639, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in humans are limited because of the short available duration. We sought to study surface ECG waveforms and effect of ablation in long-lasting VF in patients with left assist devices. METHODS: Continuous 12-lead ECG of 5 episodes of long-lasting VF occurring in 3 patients with left ventricular assist device were analyzed. Spectral analysis (dominant frequency) and quantification of waveform amplitude, regularity (Unbiased Regularity Index), and complexity (Nondipolar Index) were performed over a median of 24 minutes of VF. Radiofrequency ablation was performed during VF in 2 patients. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in dominant frequency between VF onset and termination but none of the other parameters significantly changed. Some VF parameters varied from patient to patient and from lead to lead. Dominant frequency decreased after radiofrequency ablation in both cases and VF terminated spontaneously shortly after ablation in one case. The previously incessant VFs in these 2 patients did not recur afterward. CONCLUSIONS: VF rate increases over time in patients with left ventricular assist devices and is lowered by ablation. Long-lasting VF may be modified or even terminated by ablation.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902783

RESUMO

Biological cardiac injury related to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 infection has been associated with excess mortality. However, its functional impact remains unknown. The aim of our study was to explore the impact of biological cardiac injury on myocardial functions in patients with COVID-19. 31 patients with confirmed COVID-19 (CoV+) and 16 controls (CoV-) were prospectively included in this observational study. Demographic data, laboratory findings, comorbidities, treatments and myocardial function assessed by transthoracic echocardiography were collected and analysed in CoV+ with (TnT+) and without (TnT-) elevation of troponin T levels and compared with CoV-. Among CoV+, 13 (42%) exhibited myocardial injury. CoV+/TnT + patients were older, had lower diastolic arterial pressure and were more likely to have hypertension and chronic renal failure compared with CoV+/TnT-. The control group was comparable except for an absence of biological inflammatory syndrome. Left ventricular ejection fraction and global longitudinal strain were not different among the three groups. There was a trend of decreased myocardial work and increased peak systolic tricuspid annular velocity between the CoV- and CoV + patients, which became significant when comparing CoV- and CoV+/TnT+ (2167 ± 359 vs. 1774 ± 521%/mmHg, P = 0.047 and 14 ± 3 vs. 16 ± 3 cm/s, P = 0.037, respectively). There was a decrease of global work efficiency from CoV- (96 ± 2%) to CoV+/TnT- (94 ± 4%) and then CoV+/TnT+ (93 ± 3%, P = 0.042). In conclusion, biological myocardial injury in COVID 19 has low functional impact on left ventricular systolic function.

3.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978090

RESUMO

Acute pulmonary embolism is a frequent cardiovascular emergency with an increasing incidence. The prognosis of patients with high-risk and intermediate-high-risk pulmonary embolism has not improved over the last decade. The current treatment strategies are mainly based on anticoagulation to prevent recurrence and reduce pulmonary vasculature obstruction. However, the slow rate of thrombus lysis under anticoagulation is unable to acutely decrease right ventricle overload and pulmonary vasculature resistance in patients with severe obstruction and right ventricle dysfunction. Therefore, patients with high-risk and intermediate-high-risk pulmonary embolism remain a therapeutic challenge. Reperfusion therapies may be discussed for these patients, and include systemic thrombolysis, catheter-directed therapies and surgical thrombectomy. High-risk patients require systemic thrombolysis, but may have contraindications as a result of the high risk of bleeding. In addition, intermediate-high-risk patients should not receive systemic thrombolysis, despite its high efficacy, because of prohibitive bleeding complications. Recently, percutaneous reperfusion techniques have been developed to acutely decrease pulmonary vascular obstruction with lower-dose or no thrombolytic agents and, thus, potentially higher safety than systemic thrombolysis. Some of these techniques improve key haemodynamic variables. Cardiac surgical techniques and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as temporary circulatory support may be useful in selected cases. The development of pulmonary embolism centres with multidisciplinary pulmonary embolism teams is mandatory to enable adequate use of reperfusion and improve outcomes. We aim to present the state of the art regarding reperfusion therapies in pulmonary embolism, but also to provide guidance on their indications and patient selection.

4.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32952086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation may be an attractive alternative therapeutic option for elderly patients with heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. AIM: We aimed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of elderly patients (i.e. aged≥70 years) receiving an LVAD. METHODS: This observational study was conducted in 19 centres between 2006 and 2016. Patients were divided into two groups-younger (aged<70 years) and elderly (aged≥70 years), based on age at time of LVAD implantation. RESULTS: A total of 652 patients were included in the final analysis, and 74 patients (11.3%) were aged≥70 years at the time of LVAD implantation (maximal age 77.6 years). The proportion of elderly patients receiving an LVAD each year was constant, with a median of 10.6% (interquartile range 8.0-15.4%) per year, and all were implanted as destination therapy. Elderly and younger patients had similar durations of hospitalization in intensive care units and total lengths of hospital stays. Both age groups experienced similar rates of LVAD-related complications (i.e. stroke, bleeding, driveline infection and LVAD exchange), and the occurrence of LVAD complications did not impact survival in the elderly group compared with the younger group. Lastly, when compared with younger patients implanted as destination therapy, the elderly group also exhibited similar mid-term survival. CONCLUSION: This work strongly suggests that selected elderly adults can be scheduled for LVAD implantation.

5.
Am J Cardiol ; 133: 81-88, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861423

RESUMO

We aimed at characterizing the impact of low and high body mass index (BMI) on outcomes after left-ventricular assist device (LVAD) surgery and define the predictors of mortality in patients with abnormal BMI (low/high). This study was conducted in 19 centers from 2006 to 2016. Patients were divided based on their baseline BMI into 3 groups of BMI: low (BMI ≤18.5 kg/m²); normal (BMI = 18.5 to 24.99 kg/m²) and high (BMI ≥25 kg/m²) (including overweight (BMI = 25 to 29.99 kg/m²), and obesity (BMI ≥30 Kg/m²)). Among 652 patients, 29 (4.4%), 279 (42.8%) and 344 (52.8%) had a low-, normal-, and high BMI, respectively. Patients with high BMI were significantly more likely men, with more co-morbidities and more history of ventricular/supra-ventricular arrhythmias before LVAD implantation. Patients with abnormal BMI had significantly lower survival than those with normal BMI. Notably, those with low BMI experienced the worst survival whereas overweight or obese patients had similar survival. Four predictors of mortality for LVAD candidates with abnormal BMI were defined: total bilirubin ≥16 µmol/L before LVAD, hypertension, destination therapy, and cardiac surgery with LVAD. Depending on the number of predictor per patients, those with abnormal BMI may be divided in 3 groups of 1-year mortality risk, i.e., low (0 to 1 predictor: 29% and 31%), intermediate (2 to 3 predictors, 51% and 52%, respectively), and high (4 predictors: 83%). In conclusion, LVAD recipients with abnormal BMI experience lower survival, especially underweight patients. Four predictors of mortality have been identified for LVAD population with abnormal BMI, differentiating those a low-, intermediate-, and high risks of death.

7.
Echocardiography ; 37(5): 706-714, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) systolic parameters are difficult to assess in heart transplant recipients (HTRs) compared to healthy people because of discordant data, and their impact on exercise capacity remains undefined. We sought to retrospectively assess the impact of RV systolic function on exercise capacity after heart transplantation. METHODS: We analyzed data from 61 HTRs who underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), and exercise capacity assessment by 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. RESULTS: Transthoracic echocardiography RV longitudinal systolic function including tricuspid annular plan systolic excursion (TAPSE), peak systolic S' wave tricuspid annular velocity (PSVtdi) and RV free wall longitudinal strain was decreased at 1 year (respectively, 15 ± 3 mm, 10 ± 3 cm/s, and -19 ± 5%) and at 2 years (respectively, 15 ± 3 mm, 10 ± 2 cm/s, and -20 ± 5%) with no significant difference between both evaluations; meanwhile, RV ejection fraction (RVEF) measured by CMR was preserved. Mean percentage of predicted peak oxygen consumption was altered, but improved between the first and second year (55 ± 18 vs 60 ± 18%, P = .038). PSVtdi was weakly correlated with 6MWT distance (r = .426, P = .017) and RVEF with the predicted distance at 6MWT (r = .410, P = .027) at the 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Despite decreasing values, RV longitudinal systolic function has a weak impact on exercise capacity of HTRs. PSVtdi and RVEF are the most pertinent parameters to assess the impact of RV systolic function on exercise capacity after heart transplantation. These results should lead to redefine normal RV systolic function thresholds for HTRs.

8.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 213, 2020 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly used in intensive care units and can modify drug pharmacokinetics and lead to under-exposure associated with treatment failure. Ceftolozane/tazobactam is an antibiotic combination used for complicated infections in critically ill patients. Launched in 2015, sparse data are available on the influence of ECMO on the pharmacokinetics of ceftolozane/tazobactam. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of ECMO on the pharmacokinetics of ceftolozane-tazobactam. METHODS: An ex vivo model (closed-loop ECMO circuits primed with human whole blood) was used to study adsorption during 8-h inter-dose intervals over a 24-h period (for all three ceftolozane/tazobactam injections) with eight samples per inter-dose interval. Two different dosages of ceftolozane/tazobactam injection were studied and a control (whole blood spiked with ceftolozane/tazobactam in a glass tube) was performed. An in vivo porcine model was developed with a 1-h infusion of ceftolozane-tazobactam and concentration monitoring for 11 h. Pigs undergoing ECMO were compared with a control group. Pharmacokinetic analysis of in vivo data (non-compartmental analysis and non-linear mixed effects modelling) was performed to determine the influence of ECMO. RESULTS: With the ex vivo model, variations in concentration ranged from - 5.73 to 1.26% and from - 12.95 to - 2.89% respectively for ceftolozane (concentrations ranging from 20 to 180 mg/l) and tazobactam (concentrations ranging from 10 to 75 mg/l) after 8 h. In vivo pharmacokinetic exploration showed that ECMO induces a significant decrease of 37% for tazobactam clearance without significant modification in the pharmacokinetics of ceftolozane, probably due to a small cohort size. CONCLUSIONS: Considering that the influence of ECMO on the pharmacokinetics of ceftolozane/tazobactam is not clinically significant, normal ceftolozane and tazobactam dosing in critically ill patients should be effective for patients undergoing ECMO.

9.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(3): 1025-1030, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307904

RESUMO

AIMS: Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) utilization was expected to be quickly abandoned following the IABP-shock trial and its class III, level B recommendation in the 2016 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of IABP compared with other mechanical support devices in a nationwide approach. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective study based on the French national hospital discharge database. All patients undergoing assist device implantation by IABP, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or IMPELLA® from 2014 to 2018 (2 years before/2 years after the 2016 guidelines) were included. The primary endpoint was the incidence of IABP implantation over the years. Secondary endpoints were incidence of total assist device, ECMO, and IMPELLA® implantations. From 2014 to 2018, a total of 18 940 patients benefited from mechanical support by IABP (n = 6657, 35.2%), ECMO (n = 11 881, 62.7%), or IMPELLA® (n = 402, 2.1%) in France. The incidence of total mechanical support implantations (ECMO and IABP) was constant over the years. IABP implantations decreased progressively from 1725 implantations in 2014 to 996 in 2018 (-42%). By contrast, ECMO implantations increased progressively from 1919 implantations in 2014 to 2763 implantations in 2018 (+44%). IMPELLA® implantations remained stable over the years from 63 (1.7%) implantations in 2014 to 83 (2.1%) in 2018. CONCLUSIONS: In this nationwide real-life study, despite a significant decline in IABP implantations over the years since the ESC guidelines, this device remained used in clinical practice with around 1000 implantations in 2018. The size of centres was not strictly correlated with this use, suggesting differential uses depending on the local background.

11.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 58(1): 112-120, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32298439

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to provide a picture of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) activity in France between 2007 and 2016 based on the multicentric ASSIST-ICD registry. METHODS: We retrospectively collected 136 variables including in-hospital data, follow-up survival rates and adverse events from 671 LVAD recipients at 20 out of 24 LVAD implant centres in France. The average follow-up time was 1.2 years (standard deviation: 1.4); the total follow-up time was 807.5 patient-years. RESULTS: The included devices were the HeartMate II®, HeartWare LVAS® or Jarvik 2000®. The overall likelihood of being alive while on LVAD support or having a transplant (primary end point) at 1, 2, 3 and 5 years postimplantation was 65.2%, 59.7%, 55.9% and 47.7%, respectively, given a cumulative incidence of 29.2% of receiving a transplant at year 5. At implantation, 21.5% of patients were on extracorporeal life support. The overall rate of cardiogenic shock at implantation was 53%. The major complications were driveline infection (26.1%), pump pocket or cannula infection (12.6%), LVAD thrombosis (12.2%), ischaemic (12.8%) or haemorrhagic stroke (5.4%; all strokes 18.2%), non-cerebral haemorrhage (9.1%) and LVAD exchange (5.2%). The primary end point (survival) was stratified by age at surgery and by the type of device used, with inference from baseline profiles. The primary end point combined with an absence of complications (secondary end point) was also stratified by device type. CONCLUSIONS: The ASSIST-ICD registry provides a real-life picture of LVAD use in 20 of the 24 implant centres in France. Despite older average age and a higher proportion of patients chosen for destination therapy, survival rates improved compared to those in previous national registry results. This LVAD registry contrasts with other international registries because patients with implants have more severe disease, and the national policy for graft attribution is distinct. We recommend referring patients for LVAD earlier and suggest a discussion of the optimal timing of a transplant for bridged patients (more dismal results after the second year of support?).

13.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(6-7): 448-460, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291187

RESUMO

Cardiogenic shock is a complex clinical entity associated with very high mortality and intensive resource utilization. Despite the widespread use of timely reperfusion and appropriate pharmacotherapy, the survival rate remains at around 50%. Recently, percutaneous axial flow pumps have been integrated into the therapeutic spectrum of cardiogenic shock management. However, most of the literature supporting their use stems from observational studies. To date, attempts to perform randomized controlled trials with percutaneous axial flow pumps have failed. This underlines the challenge of performing a well-conducted randomized controlled trial that provides the highest level of evidence. Such a trial is warranted, because percutaneous axial flow pumps are costly, and are associated with serious complications. The major pitfalls of previous studies were lack of standardized cardiogenic shock definitions according to clinical severity, inappropriate patient and device selection, lack of standardized trial endpoints and high rates of crossovers; these issues must be carefully considered and evaluated. In light of recent trial failures, we aim to summarize the challenges associated with performing randomized controlled trials of percutaneous axial flow pumps in patients experiencing acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock, and to suggest potential means of overcoming them.


Assuntos
Coração Auxiliar , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Implantação de Prótese/instrumentação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Desenho de Prótese , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Implantação de Prótese/mortalidade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Choque Cardiogênico/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(9): 1421-1428, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145895

RESUMO

The impact of uncommon etiology cardiomyopathies on Left-ventricular assist device (LVAD)-recipient outcomes is not very well known. This study aimed to characterize patients with uncommon cardiomyopathy etiologies and examine the outcomes between uncommon and ischemic/idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. This observational study was conducted in 19 centers between 2006 and 2016. Baseline characteristics and outcomes of patients with uncommon etiology were compared to patients with idiopathic dilated/ischemic cardiomyopathies. Among 652 LVAD-recipients included, a total of 590 (90.5%) patients were classified as ischemic/idiopathic and 62 (9.5%) patients were classified in the "uncommon etiologies" group. Main uncommon etiologies were: hypertrophic (n = 12(19%)); cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD) (n = 12(19%)); myocarditis (n = 11(18%)); valvulopathy (n = 9(15%)) and others (n = 18(29%)). Patients with uncommon etiologies were significantly younger with more female and presented less co-morbidities. Additionally, patients with uncommon cardiomyopathies were less implanted as destination therapy compared with ischemic/idiopathic group (29% vs 38.8%). During a follow-up period of 9.1 months, both groups experienced similar survival. However, subgroup of hypertrophic/valvular cardiomyopathies and CTRCD had significantly higher mortality compared to the ischemic/idiopathic or myocarditis/others cardiomyopathies. Conversely, patients with myocarditis/others etiologies experienced a better survival. Indeed, the 12-months survival in the myocarditis/others; ischemic/idiopathic and hypertrophic/CTRCD/valvulopathy group were 77%; 65%, and 46% respectively. In conclusion, LVAD-recipients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease and CTRCD experienced the higher mortality rate.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/cirurgia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/cirurgia , Coração Auxiliar , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(4): 664-672, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078218

RESUMO

AIMS: Few studies describe recent changes in the prevalence, management, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock (CS) patients complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the era of widespread use of invasive strategies. The aim of the present study was to analyse trends observed in CS complicating AMI over the past 10 years, focusing on the timing of CS occurrence (i.e. primary CS, CS on admission vs. secondary CS, CS developed subsequently during hospitalization). METHODS AND RESULTS: Three nationwide French registries conducted and designed to evaluate AMI management and outcomes in 'real-life' practice included consecutive AMI patients (n = 9951) admitted to intensive cardiovascular care units (ICCUs) over a 1-month period, 5 years apart. The prevalence of CS complicating AMI decreased from 2005 to 2015: 5.9%, mean age 74.1 ± 12.7 in 2005; 4.0%, mean age 73.9 ± 12.7 in 2010, 2.8%, mean age 71.1 ± 15.0 in 2015 (P < 0.001). It decreased for both primary (1.8% to 1.0%) and secondary CS (4.1% to 1.8%). The profile of CS patients also changed over time with more patients presenting out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. In both primary and secondary CS, the use of percutaneous coronary intervention increased markedly over time, as did the use of mechanical ventilation and cardiac assist devices. Over the 10-year period, in-hospital mortality remained unchanged for both primary CS (41.8% to 37.8%) or secondary CS (57.3% to 58.8%). However, 1-year mortality decreased in patients with primary CS (from 60% to 37.8%, P = 0.038), and remained unchanged in patients developing secondary CS (from 64.5% to 69.1%, P = 0.731). CONCLUSION: Cardiogenic shock complicating AMI has become less frequent but, if present, CS, and particularly secondary CS, carries a very high mortality, which has not substantially improved over the past 10 years, in spite of the more frequent use of invasive strategies.

17.
Int J Cardiol ; 300: 245-251, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 (IGFBP2) showed greater heart failure (HF) diagnostic accuracy than the "grey zone" B-type natriuretic peptides, and may have prognostic utility as well. OBJECTIVES: To determine if IGFBP2 provides independent information on cardiovascular mortality in HF. METHODS: A retrospective study of 870 HF patients from 3 independent international cohorts. Presentation IGFBP2 plasma levels were measured by ELISA, and patients were followed from 1 year (Maastricht, Netherlands) to 6 years (Atlanta, GA, USA and Toulouse, France). Multivariate analysis, Net Reclassification Improvement (NRI) and Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI) were performed in the 3 cohorts. The primary outcome was cardiovascular mortality. RESULTS: In multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis, the highest quartile of IGFBP2 was associated with mortality in the Maastricht cohort (adjusted hazard ratio 1.69 (95% CI, 1.18-2.41), p = 0.004) and in the combined Atlanta and Toulouse cohorts (adjusted hazard ratio 2.04 (95%CI, 1.3-3.3), p = 0.003). Adding IGFBP2 to a clinical model allowed a reclassification of adverse outcome risk in the Maastricht cohort (NRI = 18.7% p = 0.03; IDI = 3.9% p = 0.02) and with the Atlanta/Toulouse patients (NRI of 40.4% p = 0.01, 31,2% p = 0.04, 31.5% p = 0,02 and IDI of 2,9% p = 0,0005, 3.1% p = 0,0005 and 4,2%, p = 0.0005, for a follow-up of 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively). CONCLUSION: In 3 international cohorts, IGFBP2 level is a strong prognostic factor for cardiovascular mortality in HF, adding information to natriuretic monitoring and usual clinical markers, that should be further prospectively evaluated for patients' optimized care.

18.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(1): 279-287, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is characterized by acute left ventricular dysfunction, which can contribute to intraventricular thrombus and embolism. Still, prevalence and clinical impact of thrombus formation and embolic events on outcome of TTS patients remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate clinical features and outcomes of patients with and without intraventricular thrombus or embolism. Additionally, factors associated with thrombus formation or embolism, as well as predictors for mortality, were identified. Approach and Results: TTS patients enrolled in the International Takotsubo Registry at 28 centers in Australia, Europe, and the United States were dichotomized according to the occurrence/absence of intraventricular thrombus or embolism. Patients with intraventricular thrombus or embolism were defined as the ThrombEmb group. Of 1676 TTS patients, 56 (3.3%) patients developed intraventricular thrombus and/or embolism following TTS diagnosis (median time interval, 2.0 days [range, 0-38 days]). Patients in the ThrombEmb group had a different clinical profile including lower left ventricular ejection fraction, higher prevalence of the apical type, elevated levels of troponin and inflammatory markers, and higher prevalence of vascular disease. In a Firth bias-reduced penalized-likelihood logistic regression model apical type, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤30%, previous vascular disease, and a white blood cell count on admission >10×103 cells/µL emerged as independent predictors for thrombus formation or embolism. CONCLUSIONS: Intraventricular thrombus or embolism occur in 3.3% of patients in the acute phase of TTS. A simple risk score including clinical parameters associated with intraventricular thrombus formation or embolism identifies patients at increased risk. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.


Assuntos
Embolia/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Angiografia Coronária , Eletrocardiografia , Embolia/diagnóstico , Embolia/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Incidência , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Ventriculografia com Radionuclídeos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(4): 237-243, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous assist devices may be used as a bridge to recovery in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS-AMI). AIM: To test the hypothesis that the Impella® LP5.0 pump (Abiomed Europe GmbH, Aachen, Germany) provides haemodynamic benefits and improves left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with CS-AMI already managed with an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP). METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study. The primary endpoint was change in cardiac power index (CPI) from baseline to 12hours after implantation, measured with a Swan-Ganz catheter. Secondary endpoints included LVEF at 30 days. RESULTS: Fifteen patients with CS-AMI were randomized; 12 were available for primary endpoint analysis (IABP group, n=6; Impella LP5.0+IABP group, n=6). Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups. Change in CPI after 12hours was not significantly different between the two groups (IABP group: ΔCPI=0.08±0.08W/m2; Impella LP5.0+IABP group: ΔCPI=-0.02±0.25W/m2; P=0.4). There was no significant change from baseline CPI in either group over 96hours, and no difference in CPI between groups at each timepoint. In the Impella LP5.0+IABP group, the part of the CPI provided by the native heart decreased from 0.37±0.10 to 0.10±0.20 (P=0.01). LVEF was similar at baseline (29.7%±8.4% and 29.3%±6.7%) and 1 month (40.6%±12.5% and 38.6%±14.4%) in the IABP and Impella LP5.0+IABP groups, respectively. Adverse events, especially major bleeding, were common, and occurred mainly in the Impella LP5.0+IABP group. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with CS-AMI stabilized by initial treatment with inotropes and an IABP, the Impella LP5.0 did not provide additional haemodynamic support or improvement in LVEF at 1 month; its use in this setting might be futile and possibly harmful.

20.
Crit Care Med ; 48(1): 83-90, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714398

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thyroid storm represents a rare but life-threatening endocrine emergency. Only rare data are available on its management and the outcome of the most severe forms requiring ICU admission. We aimed to describe the clinical manifestations, management and in-ICU and 6-month survival rates of patients with those most severe thyroid storm forms requiring ICU admission. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter, national study over an 18-year period (2000-2017). SETTING: Thirty-one French ICUs. PATIENTS: The local medical records of patients from each participating ICU were screened using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Inclusion criteria were "definite thyroid storm," as defined by the Japanese Thyroid Association criteria, and at least one thyroid storm-related organ failure. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Ninety-two patients were included in the study. Amiodarone-associated thyrotoxicosis and Graves' disease represented the main thyroid storm etiologies (30 [33%] and 24 [26%] patients, respectively), while hyperthyroidism was unknown in 29 patients (32%) before ICU admission. Amiodarone use (24 patients [26%]) and antithyroid-drug discontinuation (13 patients [14%]) were the main thyroid storm-triggering factors. No triggering factor was identified for 30 patients (33%). Thirty-five patients (38%) developed cardiogenic shock within the first 48 hours after ICU admission. In-ICU and 6-month postadmission mortality rates were 17% and 22%, respectively. ICU nonsurvivors more frequently required vasopressors, extracorporeal membrane of oxygenation, renal replacement therapy, mechanical ventilation, and/or therapeutic plasmapheresis. Multivariable analyses retained Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score without cardiovascular component (odds ratio, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.03-1.46; p = 0.025) and cardiogenic shock within 48 hours post-ICU admission (odds ratio, 9.43; 1.77-50.12; p = 0.008) as being independently associated with in-ICU mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Thyroid storm requiring ICU admission causes high in-ICU mortality. Multiple organ failure and early cardiogenic shock seem to markedly impact the prognosis, suggesting a prompt identification and an aggressive management.


Assuntos
Crise Tireóidea , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Crise Tireóidea/diagnóstico , Crise Tireóidea/mortalidade , Crise Tireóidea/terapia
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