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1.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 27(3): 345-353, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039442

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução A saúde pública no Brasil sofreu grandes mudanças nas últimas décadas. Objetivo Descrever o panorama da produção odontológica realizada pelo SUS de 1999 a 2017 no Brasil e suas macrorregiões. Método Os dados foram obtidos no Sistema de Informação Ambulatorial (SIA-SUS) e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Foram criadas taxas de procedimentos (por 100 mil habitantes/ano) realizados em cada macrorregião: procedimentos restauradores, protéticos, coletivos, endodontia, exodontia, periodontia e preventivos de 1999 a 2017. A análise estatística das séries temporais foi realizada utilizando um modelo de regressão linear. Resultados Procedimentos protéticos e de periodontia foram os únicos que apresentaram uma tendência linear positiva em todas as macrorregiões brasileiras (p<0,001). A Endodontia não apresentou tendência positiva no Brasil (p=0,173). Restaurações apresentaram um crescimento na macrorregião Norte (p=0,003) e Centro-Oeste (p<0,001). Exodontias apresentaram na macrorregião Norte uma tendência de aumento (p=0,046) enquanto que, no Centro-Oeste, apresentaram uma diminuição (p=0,049). Procedimentos preventivos (p=0,042) e coletivos (p=0,017) apresentaram uma diminuição da sua produção durante o período. Conclusão A saúde bucal apresentou um grande crescimento dentro do Sistema Único de Saúde nos 19 anos avaliados. Procedimentos de periodontia e de prótese dentária foram aqueles com as maiores tendências de crescimento.


Abstract Background Public health in Brazil has undergone major changes in recent decades. Objective To describe the overview of dental production performed by the Brazilian Unified Health System from 1999 to 2017 in Brazil and its macroregions. Method Data were obtained from the Outpatient Information System (SIA/SUS) and from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Procedures rates (per 100,000 inhabitants per year) were established in each macroregion: restorative, prosthetic, collective, endodontic, exodontia, periodontic and preventive procedures. Statistical analysis of the time series was performed using a regression linear model. Results Prosthetic and periodontal procedures were the only ones with a positive linear trend in all Brazilian macroregions (p<0.001). Endodontics did not show a positive trend in Brazil (p=0.173). Restorations showed a growth in the North (p=0.003) and Center-west (p<0.001) macroregions. Exodontia presented a tendency to increase in the North macroregion (p=0.046), while the Midwest presented a decrease of it (p=0.049). Preventive (p=0.042) and collective (p=0.017) procedures showed a decrease in their production during the period. Conclusion Oral health showed great growth within the single health system in the 19 years evaluated. Periodontal procedures and dental prostheses were those with the highest growth trends.

2.
Med Hypotheses ; 130: 109291, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383328

RESUMO

Dental caries has common risk factors with impairments in growth, cognitive development and child general health. Identifying socioeconomic contexts and parental behaviors in early life that may be associated with negative outcomes in the child's future and their causal mechanisms can contribute to planning early interventions. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to propose and discuss possible ways to explain how early childhood stimulation may be associated with future oral health status, based on the life-course theory of chain-of-risk model and accumulation of risk model. Two hypotheses were suggested: (1) each social exposure or parental behavior in the child's first years of life increase the risk of chronic diseases, such as dental caries in primary dentition, in a simply additive effect; (2) parental factors could negatively influence the establishment of the pattern of child stimulation (child care) or lead to a modification of the established behavior on the risk of dental caries in the child primary dentition. Prevention of dental caries seems to be the most feasible way of solving this serious public health problem. It therefore justifies the importance of identifying exposures in the child's early life that may lead to the occurrence of chronic diseases in the future. The evidence seem to converge to the idea that child stimulation in early life may be associated with future health problems related to behaviors and care by parents, including caries.

3.
J Dent ; 89: 103183, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of direct restorations in posterior teeth in children aged 12, from a birth cohort, and to test the association between the quality of the restorations and individual variables experienced in the life cycle. METHODS: All live-born children in Pelotas, in 2004, were prospectively investigated and a representative sample was assessed for oral conditions at ages 5 and 12. The outcome was the quality of the restoration (satisfactory/unsatisfactory). Independent variables included socioeconomic, behavioral and oral health characteristics at the individual level and the size of cavity and material at the tooth level. Associations were tested using multilevel logistic regression models. RESULTS: A total of 1,000 participants and 249 restorations in the permanent dentition were examined. Most of the restorations were composites (73.5%), while only 6.8% were amalgam. After adjusted analyses, children whose parents received information on how to prevent their child from developing caries before reaching 5 years of age had 91.0% less chance of having an unsatisfactory restoration compared to children whose parents never received information (OR = 0.09; 95% CI 0.01-0.59). Also, the chances of presenting unsatisfactory restorations were 5.3 higher in children at high-risk for untreated dental caries in the permanent dentition, in comparison with children at low risk (OR = 5.32; 95% CI 1.07-26.6). CONCLUSIONS: Low-risk for untreated dental caries and having received information on preventing dental caries, reduced the chance of presenting failed restorations, showing that factors related to individuals play an important role in the quality of restorations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings highlight the role that individual-related factors play in restoration longevity in children, reinforcing the need for a patient-centered approach in restorative dentistry.

4.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e54, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365703

RESUMO

The aim of present study was to estimate the occurrence and associated factors for replacement of amalgam posterior restorations. A representative sample of all 5,914 births from the 1982 in Pelotas birth cohort study was prospectively investigated, and the posterior restorations were assessed at 24 (n = 720) and 31 years of age (n = 539). Individual-level variables, i.e., demographic characteristics, socio-economic factors, oral health conditions and use of dental services, were collected from different waves of the cohort. Tooth-level variables included dental group, estimated time in mouth of each amalgam restoration, and number of restored dental surfaces. Thus, 246 individuals presented 718 amalgam restorations at 24 years of age. After 7 seven years of follow-up, 18.9% of these restorations had been replaced with composite resins. Multilevel Poisson regression models showed that, compared to white individuals, blacks presented a lower risk of replacement of amalgam restorations for composite resins (IRR - 0.39 [0.16-0.95]). Individuals with high educational level at age 31 showed an increased likelihood of replacement of amalgam restorations. Therefore, skin color affects the replacement of amalgam for composite resin in posterior restorations.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Amálgama Dentário/uso terapêutico , Reparação de Restauração Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Pigmentação da Pele , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Estética Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição de Poisson , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Braz Dent J ; 30(2): 77-95, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970065

RESUMO

The aim of presented systematic scoping review was to investigate the actual and future clinical possibilities of regenerative therapies and their ability to regenerate bone, periodontal and pulp with histological confirmation of the nature of formed tissue. Electronic search was conducted using a combination between Keywords and MeSH terms in PubMed, Scopus, ISI-Web of Science and Cochrane library databases up to January 2016. Two reviewers conducted independently the papers judgment. Screened studies were read following the predetermined inclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated in accordance with Arksey and O'Malley's modified framework. From 1349 papers, 168 completed inclusion criteria. Several characterized and uncharacterized cells used in Cell Therapy have provided bone regeneration, demonstrating bone gain in quantity and quality, even as accelerators for bone and periodontal regeneration. Synthetic and natural scaffolds presented good cell maintenance, however polyglycolid-polylactid presented faster resorption and consequently poor bone gain. The Growth Factor-Mediated Therapy was able to regenerate bone and all features of a periodontal tissue in bone defects. Teeth submitted to Revascularization presented an increase of length and width of root canal. However, formed tissues not seem able to deposit dentin, characterizing a repaired tissue. Both PRP and PRF presented benefits when applied in regenerative therapies as natural scaffolds. Therefore, most studies that applied regenerative therapies have provided promising results being possible to regenerate bone and periodontal tissue with histological confirmation. However, pulp regeneration was not reported. These results should be interpreted with caution due to the short follow-up periods.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Regeneração Óssea , Dentina , Periodonto
6.
J Dent ; 83: 27-32, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30851344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of bruxism and its relationship with common mental disorders (CMD) during the life course of individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample (n = 537) of all 5914 births occurring in Pelotas in 1982 were prospectively investigated regarding their oral health. The CMD screening was assessed through Self-Reported Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) at ages 22 and 30. Bruxism information was collected in the oral health survey at the age 31. Exploratory variables included demographic and socio-economic, mental health and unhealthy behaviours. Multivariate Poisson Regression analysis was used to estimate the association between bruxism and CMD. RESULTS: Bruxism prevalence was 41.1% at 31 years old. Presence of bruxism was positively associated with females (p = 0.003), lower school level (p = 0.001), and smoking habits (p = 0.021). CMD episodes were associated with bruxism (p < 0.001). Individuals presenting CMD at age of 30 years presented a 57% higher prevalence (PR 1.57; 95%CI 1.14-2.15) of bruxism, while in those individuals who presented CMD in both follow-ups (at 22 and 30 years old) the bruxism prevalence was 70% higher (PR 1.70; 95%CI 1.28-2.25). CONCLUSION: Subjects presenting signals and symptoms of common mental disorders during their life course presented higher prevalence of bruxism. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The presence of common mental disorders during life course impacts in the presence of bruxism in the adulthood. In addition, more episodes of common mental disorders were associated with higher prevalence of bruxism.


Assuntos
Bruxismo/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Am J Epidemiol ; 188(6): 1101-1108, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30834447

RESUMO

This study used data from the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study, Brazil, to estimate the controlled direct effect of early-life socioeconomic position (SEP) on periodontitis at age 31 years, controlling for adulthood income and education, smoking, and dental hygiene. Sex was included as a covariate. Early-life SEP was measured at participant birth based on income, health services payment mode, maternal education, height, and skin color (lower versus middle/higher SEP). Periodontitis was assessed through clinical examination at age 31 years (healthy, mild periodontitis, or moderate-to-severe disease). Adulthood behaviors (smoking, dental hygiene) were the mediators, and adulthood SEP (education and income) represented the exposure-induced mediator-outcome confounders. A regression-based approach was used to assess the controlled direct effect of early-life SEP on periodontitis. Multinomial regression models were used to estimate risk ratios and their 95% confidence intervals. The prevalences of mild and moderate-to-severe periodontitis were 23.0% and 14.3%, respectively (n = 539). Individuals from the lowest early-life SEP had a higher risk of moderate-to-severe periodontitis controlled for mediators and exposure-induced mediator-outcome confounders: risk ratio = 1.85 (95% confidence interval: 1.06, 3.24), E value 3.1. We found that early-life SEP was associated with the development of periodontitis in adulthood that was not mediated by adulthood SEP and behaviors.

8.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 31(3): 222-232, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821908

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This article aims to discuss key aspects of systematic reviews (SR) focusing on the improvement of the conduct and reporting. METHODS: Important aspects of SRs, such as prospective registration of the review protocol, basic structure, inclusion criteria, use of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, confidence in the results and future directions are discussed. To determine relevant aspects, a search was conducted without date limitations in PubMed (October 15th, 2017) to identify SRs written in English evaluating clinical performance of direct composite resin restoration in permanent posterior teeth or comparing direct composite resin with other material/techniques. The quality of SRs included was assessed using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews 2 tool. RESULTS: Fifteen SRs were included. The overall confidence in the results of SRs was classified as critically low. Some aspects should be highlighted: SRs of in vitro studies are an important tool in restorative dentistry, and initiatives such as the PRISMA Statement and PROSPERO should be considered a standard code of practice. CONCLUSIONS: The compliance with and awareness of the discussed aspects may be a significant feature of the improvement of SR quality in the dentistry. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Initiatives such as the PRISMA Statement and PROSPERO should be taken in account by systematic reviewers in dentistry to improve the conduct and reporting of SRs, and to make their reviews are more clinically helpful.


Assuntos
Odontologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(2): 77-95, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001438

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of presented systematic scoping review was to investigate the actual and future clinical possibilities of regenerative therapies and their ability to regenerate bone, periodontal and pulp with histological confirmation of the nature of formed tissue. Electronic search was conducted using a combination between Keywords and MeSH terms in PubMed, Scopus, ISI-Web of Science and Cochrane library databases up to January 2016. Two reviewers conducted independently the papers judgment. Screened studies were read following the predetermined inclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated in accordance with Arksey and O'Malley's modified framework. From 1349 papers, 168 completed inclusion criteria. Several characterized and uncharacterized cells used in Cell Therapy have provided bone regeneration, demonstrating bone gain in quantity and quality, even as accelerators for bone and periodontal regeneration. Synthetic and natural scaffolds presented good cell maintenance, however polyglycolid-polylactid presented faster resorption and consequently poor bone gain. The Growth Factor-Mediated Therapy was able to regenerate bone and all features of a periodontal tissue in bone defects. Teeth submitted to Revascularization presented an increase of length and width of root canal. However, formed tissues not seem able to deposit dentin, characterizing a repaired tissue. Both PRP and PRF presented benefits when applied in regenerative therapies as natural scaffolds. Therefore, most studies that applied regenerative therapies have provided promising results being possible to regenerate bone and periodontal tissue with histological confirmation. However, pulp regeneration was not reported. These results should be interpreted with caution due to the short follow-up periods.


Resumo O objetivo da presente Scoping review foi investigar as possibilidades clínicas atuais e futuras das terapias regenerativas e sua capacidade de regenerar tecido ósseo, periodontal e polpar em humanos com confirmação histológica da natureza do tecido formado. Uma busca eletrônica foi realizada utilizando uma combinação entre as palavras-chave e termos MeSH nos bancos de dados PubMed, Scopus, ISI-web of Science e Cochrane library até janeiro de 2016. Dois revisores realizaram de forma independente o julgamento dos documentos. Os estudos selecionados foram lidos seguindo os critérios de inclusão predeterminados. Os estudos incluídos foram avaliados de acordo com a estrutura modificada de Arksey e O'Malley. Dos 1349 artigos, 168 preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Várias células caracterizadas e não caracterizadas promoveram regeneração óssea utilizada em terapias celulares, demonstrando ganho ósseo em quantidade e qualidade, de forma rápida para regeneração óssea e periodontal. Os scaffolds sintéticos e naturais apresentaram boa manutenção celular, no entanto o poliglicol-polilácido apresentou uma reabsorção rápida e, consequentemente, pequeno ganho ósseo. A terapia mediada por fatores de crescimento foi capaz de regenerar tecido ósseo e todas as características de um tecido periodontal. Dentes submetidos à revascularização apresentaram aumento do comprimento e largura do canal radicular. No entanto, os tecidos formados não foram capazes de depositar dentina, caracterizando um tecido reparado. Tanto o PRP quanto o PRF parecem apresentar benefícios quando aplicados em terapias regenerativas sendo um bom scaffold natural. Portanto, a maioria dos estudos que aplicaram terapias regenerativas forneceram resultados promissores sendo possível regenerar tecido ósseo e periodontal com confirmação histológica. No entanto, não foi observada regeneração de polpa dental. Estes resultados devem ser interpretados com cautela.

10.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(1): 181-188, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698252

RESUMO

The scope of this study was to describe the prevalence of depressive symptoms measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale-EDG - 15 and test the association of oral health variables and depressive symptoms in a population of the elderly linked to eleven Family Health Units in the south of Brazil. It involved a cross-sectional study with 439 elderly individuals. A standardized questionnaire was used to obtain socio-economic and oral health variables of the study. The clinical variables of oral health were obtained by a qualified dentist. The symptoms of depression, which was the scope of the study, were obtained by the Geriatric Depression Scale-EDG -15. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 18.3% (CI95% 14.6-21.8). Analyzing the exposure variables and depressive symptoms through adjusted Poisson regression analysis, individuals with 1 to 9 teeth (PR = 1.68; CI95% 1.06-2.64, p = 0.012), with a perception of dry mouth (PR = 2.23; CI95% 1.52-3.28, p < 0.001) and perception of pain in the mouth (PR = 2.11; CI95% 1.10-4.07, p = 0.036) have a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms. The study identified a significant prevalence of depressive symptoms and that oral health variables are associated with the presence of depressive symptoms in the elderly population.


Assuntos
Depressão/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Xerostomia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Poisson , Prevalência , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 31(1): 93-97, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of storage time and temperature on the effectiveness of bleaching agents. METHODS: Enamel slabs were randomly allocated according to the concentration of carbamide peroxide (CP): 10% (CP10) and 16% (CP16). Shade evaluations were conducted at baseline and then after 3 and 12 months of storage at 3 different temperatures: 10°C (±2°C), 25°C (±2°C), and 35°C (±2°C). Objective color evaluation was performed (spectrophotometer CIEL*a*b* system and CIEDE2000) to calculate the color change (ΔE00 ). Subjective evaluation was performed using the VITA classical shade guide followed by shade variation (ΔS). RESULTS: The bleaching effect of different CP concentrations (10% and 16%) at baseline showed no differences with regard to objective (ΔE00 ) and subjective parameters (ΔS) (P > .05). No differences were observed between CP concentrations stored for the same length of time and at the same temperature for either parameter (P > .05). In terms of objective measurement (ΔE00 ), a reduction in the bleaching effect was shown for both CP concentrations (10% and 16%) when stored for 12 months at 35°C, and compared with the baseline (P < .05). As regards the subjective parameters (ΔS), after 12 months, both CP concentrations (10% and 16%) stored at 35°C showed a decrease in bleaching capacity compared to baseline (P < .05). CP10 and CP16 stored at 10°C and 25°C did not suffer any loss in bleaching ability, even after 12 months (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The storage of bleaching agents for long periods at high temperatures can reduce the bleaching effectiveness of CP at 10% and 16%. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Clinicians must be made aware that they should store their bleaching products under proper temperature conditions and use them within an appropriate time frame; otherwise, the bleaching effect could be lost.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Temperatura Ambiente , Ureia
12.
J Asthma ; 56(8): 841-852, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972654

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to conduct a systematic review of the literature regarding the association between asthma and caries, assess the effect of asthma on the occurrence of caries in primary and permanent dentitions, and determine factors that could affect the estimates of this association. Data source: We used the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and LILACS/BVS, for the literature review. Study selection: We included observational studies that investigated the association between asthma and dental caries, excluding studies with syndromic patients, literature reviews, case reports, and in vitro and in situ studies. A meta-analysis was performed to estimate a pooled effect, and meta-regression was conducted to determine study factors that could affect the estimates. Results: From 674 studies initially identified, 40 fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and 36 of these were used in the meta-analysis. Odds ratio (OR) for the pooled effect was 1.45 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22-1.72; I2, 71.8%; p < 0.001) and 1.52 (95% CI: 1.34-1.73; I2, 83.1%; p < 0.001) for primary and permanent dentitions, respectively. In addition, a small proportion of the heterogeneity was attributed to included factors in the meta-regression (primary dentition, 10.7%; and permanent dentition, 3.1%). Conclusions: This study provides reliable and robust evidence that emphasizes the impact of asthma on the occurrence of dental caries in both, primary and permanent, dentitions. The findings provide useful data for recommending that dentists and physicians collaborate to establish the control for both diseases in a multidisciplinary manner.

13.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(3): 1143-1151, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29961139

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of conversion, ultimate tensile strength, cell viability, and oxidative stress of two different ternary initiation systems, using two photoinitiation polymerization times. METHODS: The groups investigated were camphorquinone (CQ); CQ and diphenyleneiodonium hexafluorophosphate (DPI); CQ and ethyl 4-dimethylamine benzoate (EDAB); and CQ, EDAB, and DPI, with EDAB in high and low concentration. To assess the degree of conversion (DC) and the ultimate tensile strength (UTS), a real-time Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and a universal test machine Emic DL-500 were used, respectively. Cell viability and oxidative stress were evaluated by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide), superoxide dismutase (SOD), total sulfhydryl (SH) content, and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) formation assays. RESULTS: Slight lower cell viability was shown when DPI was associated with high concentrations of EDAB; this reduction seemed to be attenuated when lower concentrations of EDAB were used. When EDAB and DPI were associated, no oxidative damage was shown. The degree of conversion was increased in the ternary systems (CQ + EDAB lower concentration + DPI) group, which did not affect the UTS, cytotoxicity, and oxidative stress parameters. The polymerization time did not affect cell viability, total SH, and TBARS; however, a slight increase was shown in SOD levels. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Our study emphasizes the relevance of incorporating the third element-iodonium salt-in a binary adhesive systems composed exclusively of CQ and EDAB.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Estresse Oxidativo , Sobrevivência Celular , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Polimerização , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Resistência à Tração
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e54, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011659

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of present study was to estimate the occurrence and associated factors for replacement of amalgam posterior restorations. A representative sample of all 5,914 births from the 1982 in Pelotas birth cohort study was prospectively investigated, and the posterior restorations were assessed at 24 (n = 720) and 31 years of age (n = 539). Individual-level variables, i.e., demographic characteristics, socio-economic factors, oral health conditions and use of dental services, were collected from different waves of the cohort. Tooth-level variables included dental group, estimated time in mouth of each amalgam restoration, and number of restored dental surfaces. Thus, 246 individuals presented 718 amalgam restorations at 24 years of age. After 7 seven years of follow-up, 18.9% of these restorations had been replaced with composite resins. Multilevel Poisson regression models showed that, compared to white individuals, blacks presented a lower risk of replacement of amalgam restorations for composite resins (IRR - 0.39 [0.16-0.95]). Individuals with high educational level at age 31 showed an increased likelihood of replacement of amalgam restorations. Therefore, skin color affects the replacement of amalgam for composite resin in posterior restorations.

15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(1): 181-188, ene. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974812

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi descrever a prevalência de sintomas depressivos medidos por meio da Escala de Depressão Geriátrica-EDG - 15 e testar a associação de variáveis de saúde bucal com sintomas depressivos em uma população de idosos vinculados a onze unidades de saúde da família do Sul do Brasil. Estudo transversal com 439 idosos. Foi utilizado questionário padronizado para a obtenção das variáveis socioeconômicas e de saúde bucal. As variáveis clínicas de saúde bucal foram obtidas por um dentista treinado. Os sintomas depressivos desfecho do estudo foram obtidos por meio da Escala de Depressão Geriátrica-EDG - 15. A prevalência dos sintomas depressivos foi de 18,3% (IC95% 14,6-21,8). Analisando as variáveis de exposição e os sintomas depressivos, por meio da análise regressão de Poisson ajustada, os indivíduos com 1 a 9 dentes (RP = 1,68; IC95%1,06-2,64, p = 0,012), com percepção de boca seca (RP = 2,23; IC95%1,52-3,28, p < 0,001) e de dor na boca (RP = 2,11; IC95% 1,10-4,07, p = 0,036) tiveram maiores prevalências de sintomas depressivos. O estudo identificou uma prevalência importante de sintomas depressivos e que as variáveis de saúde bucal estão associadas à presença dos mesmos na população idosa.


Abstract The scope of this study was to describe the prevalence of depressive symptoms measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale-EDG - 15 and test the association of oral health variables and depressive symptoms in a population of the elderly linked to eleven Family Health Units in the south of Brazil. It involved a cross-sectional study with 439 elderly individuals. A standardized questionnaire was used to obtain socio-economic and oral health variables of the study. The clinical variables of oral health were obtained by a qualified dentist. The symptoms of depression, which was the scope of the study, were obtained by the Geriatric Depression Scale-EDG −15. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 18.3% (CI95% 14.6-21.8). Analyzing the exposure variables and depressive symptoms through adjusted Poisson regression analysis, individuals with 1 to 9 teeth (PR = 1.68; CI95% 1.06-2.64, p = 0.012), with a perception of dry mouth (PR = 2.23; CI95% 1.52-3.28, p < 0.001) and perception of pain in the mouth (PR = 2.11; CI95% 1.10-4.07, p = 0.036) have a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms. The study identified a significant prevalence of depressive symptoms and that oral health variables are associated with the presence of depressive symptoms in the elderly population.

16.
Braz Dent J ; 29(5): 409-418, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517438

RESUMO

This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether alternative materials to conventional triple antibiotic paste (TAP - metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline) and grey mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA) could avoid tooth discoloration in teeth submitted to Regenerative Endodontic Procedure (REP). It was also investigated if dental bleaching is able to reverse the color of darkened teeth due to REP. The search was conducted in four databases (Medline via PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science and BVS - Virtual health library), following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. The retrieved papers were uploaded in the software EndNoteTM and two reviewers independently selected the studies and extracted the data. Only studies in humans (case reports, case series, clinical trials) were included in the review. From 1,122 potentially eligible studies, 83 were selected for full-text analysis, and 38 were included in the review. The included studies were mainly case reports (76.3 %). The studies described a total of 189 teeth submitted to REP. From these, about 54% of teeth presented some degree of discoloration. Most teeth presenting color alteration were treated with TAP, especially when combined with GMTA. Only three studies performed dental bleaching to restore the color of teeth and neither bleaching technique was able to restore the original color of the crowns. The use of alternative materials to TAP and GMTA, such as double antibiotic paste or Ca(OH)2 pastes and white mineral trioxide aggregate or BiodentineTM, reduces the occurrence of tooth discoloration.


Assuntos
Endodontia Regenerativa , Descoloração de Dente/induzido quimicamente , Descoloração de Dente/prevenção & controle , Compostos de Alumínio/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Cálcio/efeitos adversos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Óxidos/efeitos adversos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/efeitos adversos , Silicatos/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental
17.
Braz Dent J ; 29(6): 606-618, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517485

RESUMO

The aim of this paper is to systematically review the literature to estimate the overall prevalence of xerostomia/hyposalivation in epidemiological studies. An electronic search was carried out up to February 2018 with no language restrictions. A total of 5760 titles were screened and just twenty-nine papers were included in review and the meta-analysis after a two independently reviewers applied the selection criteria. Data were extracted from PubMed and Web of Science databases. Eligibility criteria included original investigations from observational population-based studies that reported the prevalence of xerostomia or data that allowed the calculation of prevalence of xerostomia and/or hyposalivation. Studies conducted in samples with specific health conditions, literature reviews, case reports and anthropological studies, as conferences or comments were excluded. Sample size, geographic location of the study, study design, age of the studied population, diagnosis methods, and evaluation criteria used to determine xerostomia e/or hyposalivation were extracted for meta-analysis and meta-regression. Multivariate meta-regression analysis was performed to explore heterogeneity among studies. The overall estimated prevalence of dry mouth was 22.0% (95%CI 17.0-26.0%). Higher prevalence of xerostomia was observed in studies conducted only with elderly people. Despite diverse approaches to the condition's measurement, just over one in four people suffer from xerostomia, with higher rates observed among older people. Moreover, the measurement methods used currently may over- or underestimate xerostomia. These findings highlight the need for further work on existing and new clinical measure and will be useful to determine which one is more reliable in clinical and epidemiological perspectives.


Assuntos
Xerostomia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(6): 606-618, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974194

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this paper is to systematically review the literature to estimate the overall prevalence of xerostomia/hyposalivation in epidemiological studies. An electronic search was carried out up to February 2018 with no language restrictions. A total of 5760 titles were screened and just twenty-nine papers were included in review and the meta-analysis after a two independently reviewers applied the selection criteria. Data were extracted from PubMed and Web of Science databases. Eligibility criteria included original investigations from observational population-based studies that reported the prevalence of xerostomia or data that allowed the calculation of prevalence of xerostomia and/or hyposalivation. Studies conducted in samples with specific health conditions, literature reviews, case reports and anthropological studies, as conferences or comments were excluded. Sample size, geographic location of the study, study design, age of the studied population, diagnosis methods, and evaluation criteria used to determine xerostomia e/or hyposalivation were extracted for meta-analysis and meta-regression. Multivariate meta-regression analysis was performed to explore heterogeneity among studies. The overall estimated prevalence of dry mouth was 22.0% (95%CI 17.0-26.0%). Higher prevalence of xerostomia was observed in studies conducted only with elderly people. Despite diverse approaches to the condition's measurement, just over one in four people suffer from xerostomia, with higher rates observed among older people. Moreover, the measurement methods used currently may over- or underestimate xerostomia. These findings highlight the need for further work on existing and new clinical measure and will be useful to determine which one is more reliable in clinical and epidemiological perspectives.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo é revisar sistematicamente a literatura afim de estimar a prevalência global de xerostomia/hiposalivação em estudos epidemiológicos. Uma busca eletrônica foi conduzida até Fevereiro de 2018 sem restrições de linguagem. Um total de 5760 títulos foram inicialmente identificados e somente vinte e nove artigos foram incluídos na revisão e meta-análise após dois revisores independentes aplicarem os critérios de seleção. Os artigos foram extraídos das bases de dados PubMed/Medline e Web of Science. Os critérios de elegibilidade incluíram investigações originais de estudos observacionais de base populacional os quais reportaram a prevalência de xerostomia ou dados que permitissem o cálculo da prevalência de xerostomia e/ou hiposalivação. Estudos realizados em populações com condições de saúde específicas, revisões de literatura, relato de casos e estudos antropológicos, assim como, conferências ou comentários foram excluídos. Tamanho amostral, localização geográfica aonde foi realizado o estudo, desenho do estudo, idade da população estudada, métodos de diagnóstico e o critério de avaliação para determiner xerostomia e/ou hiposalivação foram extraídos para a meta-análise e metaregressão. Análise de meta-regressão multípla foi realizada para explorar a heterogeneidade entre os estudos. A prevalência global estimada de boca seca foi de 22.0% (95%IC 17.0-26.0%). Uma maior prevalência de xerostomia foi observada em estudos realizados exclusivamente em populações idosas. Apesar de diferentes abordagens utilizadas para mensurar as condições de interesse, cerca de uma em quatro pessoas é acometida por xerostomia, com taxas mais elevadas sendo observadas na população idosa. Além disso, os métodos de mensuração podem ter super- ou subestimado os valores de xerostomia. Os achados do presente estudo salientam a necessidade de mais estudos acerca das existentes e novas formas de avaliação clínica, os quais serão úteis para determinar qual é a mais confiável para as perspectivas clínicas e epidemiológicas.

19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(8): 2685-2702, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30191327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature in order to investigate association between depression and oral diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic searches were performed in five databases. Studies testing associations between depression and oral diseases as either exposure or outcome were included. Oral disease variable included any tooth loss or edentulism, periodontal disease, and dental caries. RESULTS: A total of 2504 articles were identified in the electronic database search. Sixteen studies were included in this systematic review being 14 included in the meta-analyses. Eleven studies considered oral health as outcome, whereas three studies considered depression as an outcome variable. Depression was associated to dental caries, tooth loss, and edentulism. Pooled estimates showed that depression increased the odds of dental caries (OR 1.27; 95% CI 1.13-1.44), tooth loss (OR 1.31; 95% CI 1.24-1.37), and edentulism (OR 1.17; 95% CI 1.02-1.34), respectively. When the oral diseases were tested as independent variable and depression as outcome, associations with both edentulism (OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.06-1.55) and periodontal disease (HR 1.73; 95% CI 1.58-1.89) were found. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our systematic review and meta-analyses show a positive association between depression and oral diseases, specifically dental caries, tooth loss, and edentulism, in adults and elders. More longitudinal studies are required to test causal and temporal relationship between depression and oral health status. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Mental and oral health are among the main disabilities worldwide. This article helps to understand more about the relationship between both conditions, highlighting the importance for both clinicians and policy makers of considering individual's psychological status in management of oral health.


Assuntos
Depressão/complicações , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Saúde Bucal , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 409-418, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974173

RESUMO

Abstract This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether alternative materials to conventional triple antibiotic paste (TAP - metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline) and grey mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA) could avoid tooth discoloration in teeth submitted to Regenerative Endodontic Procedure (REP). It was also investigated if dental bleaching is able to reverse the color of darkened teeth due to REP. The search was conducted in four databases (Medline via PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science and BVS - Virtual health library), following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. The retrieved papers were uploaded in the software EndNoteTM and two reviewers independently selected the studies and extracted the data. Only studies in humans (case reports, case series, clinical trials) were included in the review. From 1,122 potentially eligible studies, 83 were selected for full-text analysis, and 38 were included in the review. The included studies were mainly case reports (76.3 %). The studies described a total of 189 teeth submitted to REP. From these, about 54% of teeth presented some degree of discoloration. Most teeth presenting color alteration were treated with TAP, especially when combined with GMTA. Only three studies performed dental bleaching to restore the color of teeth and neither bleaching technique was able to restore the original color of the crowns. The use of alternative materials to TAP and GMTA, such as double antibiotic paste or Ca(OH)2 pastes and white mineral trioxide aggregate or BiodentineTM, reduces the occurrence of tooth discoloration.


Resumo Esta revisão sistemática teve como objetivo avaliar se materiais alternativos à pasta tri-antibiótica convencional (TAP, em Inglês - metronidazol, ciprofloxacina e minociclina) e ao agregado trióxido mineral cinza (MTA cinza) poderiam evitar a descoloração dentária em dentes submetidos ao procedimento endodôntico regenerativo (REP, em Inglês). Também foi investigado se o clareamento dental é capaz de reverter a cor dos dentes escurecidos devido ao REP. A busca foi realizada em quatro bases de dados (Medline via PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science e BVS - Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde), seguindo os Principais Itens para Relatar Revisões Sistemáticas e Meta-análises. Os artigos obtidos foram carregados no software EndNoteTMe dois revisores independentes selecionaram os estudos e extraíram os dados. Apenas estudos em humanos (relatos de casos, séries de casos, ensaios clínicos) foram incluídos na revisão. De 1.122 estudos potencialmente elegíveis, 83 foram selecionados para análise do artigo completo, e 38 foram incluídos na revisão. Os estudos incluídos foram principalmente relatos de casos (76,3%). Os estudos descreveram um total de 189 dentes submetidos ao REP. Destes, cerca de 54% dos dentes apresentaram algum grau de descoloração. A maioria dos dentes com alteração de cor foi tratada com TAP, principalmente quando combinada com MTA-cinza. Apenas três estudos realizaram o clareamento dental para restaurar a cor dos dentes e nem a técnica de clareamento conseguiu restaurar a cor original das coroas. O uso de materiais alternativos à TAP e ao MTA cinza, como a pasta bi-antibiótica, pasta de Ca(OH)2e MTA branco ou BiodentineTM, reduz a ocorrência de descoloração dentária.

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