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1.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 7(1): 59, 2022 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35197442

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke represents a significant danger to human beings, especially the elderly. Interventions are only available to remove the clot, and the mechanism of neuronal death during ischemic stroke is still in debate. Ferroptosis is increasingly appreciated as a mechanism of cell death after ischemia in various organs. Here we report that the serine protease, thrombin, instigates ferroptotic signaling by promoting arachidonic acid mobilization and subsequent esterification by the ferroptotic gene, acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4). An unbiased multi-omics approach identified thrombin and ACSL4 genes/proteins, and their pro-ferroptotic phosphatidylethanolamine lipid products, as prominently altered upon the middle cerebral artery occlusion in rodents. Genetically or pharmacologically inhibiting multiple points in this pathway attenuated outcomes of models of ischemia in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, the thrombin-ACSL4 axis may be a key therapeutic target to ameliorate ferroptotic neuronal injury during ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Coenzima A Ligases , Ferroptose , Trombina , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Coenzima A Ligases/genética , Coenzima A Ligases/metabolismo , Ferroptose/fisiologia , Humanos , Reperfusão , Trombina/genética , Trombina/metabolismo
2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(11): 5322-5332, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708971

RESUMO

Health risk analysis can predict and control the risks posed by heavy metals, especially in drinking water, which is a highly sensitive environmental receptors. In order to evaluate heavy metal pollution in drinking water, the monthly average concentrations of As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Ni, and Zn were used to assess the health risk between January 2015 and December 2018 in a drinking water source. Furthermore, Spearman rank correlation coefficient and the ARIMA model were used to analyze temporal variations. The results showed that the monthly average concentrations of heavy metals exceeded the class Ⅲ values as specified by Chinese environmental quality standard for surface water(GB 3838-2002), especially Hg with a minimum monthly average four times more than that set by the standard limits. Overall, the order of carcinogenic risk of As and Cd was decreased; the non-carcinogenic risk of Zn, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Hg was increased. Further, the comprehensive non-carcinogenic risk for adults was lower than 1 throughout the study period except February 2015, when the comprehensive non-carcinogenic risk for children was lower than or close to 1 after October 2017, and the comprehensive carcinogenic risk for children was more than 10-4. Meanwhile, the children's health risks are higher than that for adults, with the main health risk characteristic factors of As, Cd, and Hg. The Spearman rank correlation coefficient were -0.714069, -0.773122, and -0.62234, indicating the significant downward trend from 2015 to 2018. However, the children's comprehensive carcinogenic risk, whose average value was 0.000234 much more than 10-4, had significant upward trend in 2018 with Spearman rank correlation coefficient 0.902098. The ARIMA(3,1,3) model was able to predict the comprehensive carcinogenic risk for children from heavy metals in drinking water, and the result indicated the children comprehensive carcinogenic risk should be monitored to ensure levels between 0.000200 and 0.000302. The study has positive significance for risk warning and environmental management compared to the analysis and prediction of health risk from heavy metals in drinking water sources based on time series models.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adulto , Criança , China , Água Potável/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2119-2132, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047112

RESUMO

Based on the systematic retrieval and the reported components of Sojae Semen Nigrum and Sojae Semen Praeparatum, this study conducted in-depth analysis of conversion of components in the fermentation process, and discussed types and possible mec-hanisms of conversion of chemical components, so as to provide the basis for studying technology, medicinal ingredients and quality standards. According to the analysis, there is a certain degree of conversion of nutrients(like protein, sugar, lipid), bioactive substances(like isoflavones, saponins, γ-aminobutyric acid) and other substances(like nucleosides, melanoids, biamines, etc) in the process of fermentation.


Assuntos
Isoflavonas , Soja , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fermentação , Isoflavonas/análise , Sêmen/química
4.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 40, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dengue fever (DF) is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that has threatened tropical and subtropical regions in recent decades. An early and targeted warning of a dengue epidemic is important for vector control. Current studies have primarily determined weather conditions to be the main factor for dengue forecasting, thereby neglecting that environmental suitability for mosquito breeding is also an important factor, especially in fine-grained intra-urban settings. Considering that street-view images are promising for depicting physical environments, this study proposes a framework for facilitating fine-grained intra-urban dengue forecasting by integrating the urban environments measured from street-view images. METHODS: The dengue epidemic that occurred in 167 townships of Guangzhou City, China, between 2015 and 2019 was taken as a study case. First, feature vectors of street-view images acquired inside each township were extracted by a pre-trained convolutional neural network, and then aggregated as an environmental feature vector of the township. Thus, townships with similar physical settings would exhibit similar environmental features. Second, the environmental feature vector is combined with commonly used features (e.g., temperature, rainfall, and past case count) as inputs to machine-learning models for weekly dengue forecasting. RESULTS: The performance of machine-learning forecasting models (i.e., MLP and SVM) integrated with and without environmental features were compared. This indicates that models integrating environmental features can identify high-risk urban units across the city more precisely than those using common features alone. In addition, the top 30% of high-risk townships predicted by our proposed methods can capture approximately 50-60% of dengue cases across the city. CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating local environments measured from street view images is effective in facilitating fine-grained intra-urban dengue forecasting, which is beneficial for conducting spatially precise dengue prevention and control.


Assuntos
Dengue , Animais , Cidades , Dengue/epidemiologia , Previsões , Mosquitos Vetores , Tempo (Meteorologia)
5.
Phytochemistry ; 183: 112644, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429352

RESUMO

The genus Corydalis is a botanical source of various pharmaceutically active components. Its member species have been widely used in traditional medicine systems in Southeast Asia, especially in China for thousands of years. They have been administered to treat the common cold, hypertension, hepatitis, hemorrhage, edema, gastritis, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and neurological disorders. Analgesia is the most important effect of Corydalis products, which are relatively non-addictive and associated with low tolerance compared with other analgesics. Certain Corydalis species are rich in alkaloids, which have strong biological activity, and also contain coumarins, flavonoids, steroids, organic acids and other chemical components. These constituents have pharmacological efficacy against diseases of the nervous, cardiovascular and digestive systems. Numerous investigations have been performed on these plants and their components. Here, we systemically summarized the chemical constituents of important medicinal member species of Corydalis that have been reported since 1962. A total 381 alkaloids were enumerated, including 117 quaternary isoquinoline type, 60 Benzophenanthridine type, 37 aporphine type, 10 protopine type, 59 phthalide isoquinoline type, 52 simple isoquinoline-type, 25 lignin amides and 21 other alkaloids. Thus, we have provided a basis for further explorations into the pharmacologically active constituents of Corydalissp.(Papaveraceae) to develop medicines that exert strong effects, are relatively non-addictive, and result in few side effects.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Corydalis , Plantas Medicinais , Alcaloides/farmacologia , China , Medicina Tradicional
6.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 799504, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35145404

RESUMO

Sulfur Angelicae Dahuricae Radix (Baizhi) is a common medicinal herb in Asian countries. A practical protocol combining metabolomics, pharmacology, and cytotoxicity was developed to comprehensively evaluate the influence of sulfur-fumigation on the quality of Baizhi. Furocoumarins could be transformed into sulfur-containing compounds during the sulfuring process, among which 1 and 3 were purified with relatively high abundance and identified as 3,4-dihydrobyakangelicin-4-sulfonic acid and (4R,12S)-3,4-dihydrooxypeucedanin hydrate-4-sulfonic acid (OXH-S), respectively. OXH-S was found to be an addition product of sulfite and oxypeucedanin hydrate (OXH-N). Then, the cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory activity of OXH-N, OXH-S, and water extracts of sulfured (extraction-S), and unsulfured Baizhi (extraction-N) were evaluated. OXH-S and extraction-S were less toxic than OXH-N and extraction-N, respectively. A comparison of OXH-N with OXH-S and extraction-N with extraction-S showed no significant differences in anti-inflammatory activity. These results suggest that sulfur fumigation can reduce toxicity and does not influence the anti-inflammatory activity of Baizhi, even after chemical composition changes. The proposed protocol based on marker screening, pharmacology, and safety evaluation provides a scientific basis for the standardization and regulation of sulfured Baizhi and other medical materials.

7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(3): 1440-1448, 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608647

RESUMO

Spatial characteristics analysis of the human health risk posed by heavy metals in cultivated soils is of great significance, with the potential to prevent and control soil pollution, protect human health, provide a basis for risk management, etc. In this paper, a methodological system, including a USEPA health risk assessment model, differentiation and factor detector within a geographical detector, and optimized initial model of rank-size theory, was constructed from a geographical perspective. Taking a city in Jiangsu province as the research object, we obtained the spatial differentiation and relative level of human health risk of Cr, Pb, Hg, and Cd in cultivated land by using the methodological system constructed and SPSS and ArcGIS software. The average concentrations of heavy metals (mg·kg-1) in the research area were Cr (65.207 mg·kg-1), Pb (25.486 mg·kg-1), Cd (0.238 mg·kg-1), and Hg (0.045 mg·kg-1), which were lower than the risk control standards for soil contamination of agricultural land in China. The children's non-cancer risk of Cr and Pb and the cancer risk to children and adults of Cr were 2.914385, 1.337503, 4.312679×10-6, and 8.137130×10-6, respectively, all of which exceeded the maximum acceptable limit in the research. Meanwhile, the spatial differentiation (q) of heavy metal health risk was between 0.005523 and 0.204238, which indicated that the high health risk posed by heavy metals should be paid attention to. The health risk rankings (R) of the children's non-cancer risk of Cr and Pb and the cancer risk of Cr in subregions 1, 2, 3, and 4 approached or exceeded 1, and were higher than in subregions 5, 6, and 7, for which R was lower than 0.1. The R values indicated than the high health risk is concentrated in the research region. This research has great significance in measuring the health risk of heavy metals in cultivated soil at different scales, and in forming control strategies with local conditions.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Adulto , Criança , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Solo
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 2130-2137, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495562

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to study the degradation of chemical compositions after the silkworm excrement being expelled from the silkworm, and to determine its main metabolic compositions and their changing relationships. This research is based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology. Based on the systematic analysis of the main chemical compositions contained in silkworm excrement, the principal compositions analysis(PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) on commercial silkworm excrement and fresh silkworm excrement were analyzed for differences. The S-plot chart of OPLS-DA was used to select and identify the chemical compositions that contributed significantly to the difference. At the same time, the relative peak areas of the different compositions were extracted by Masslynx to obtain the relative content of different compositions in fresh silkworm excrement. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the chemical compositions between fresh silkworm excrement and commercial silkworm excrement. The difference compositions were mainly flavonoid glycosides and Diels-Alder type composition, and two types of compounds are degradated during the storage of silkworm sand. In this study, the chemical compositions of fresh silkworm excrement were systematically identified and analyzed for the first time by mass spectrometry, and it was found that some chemical compositions of silkworm excrement were degradated with time during storage.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Análise Discriminante , Espectrometria de Massas
9.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 185: 113212, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143114

RESUMO

The root tuber of Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker-Gawl ("Maidong" in Chinese), with steroidal saponins and homoisoflavonoids as its representative chemical compositions, is a representative medicinal herbs with multiple major producing areas. This study aimed to distinguish the O. japonicas samples from Zhejiang and Sichuan by using an ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF MS)-based metabolome analysis. Firstly, a global chemical constituent identification of O. japonicas was carried out by using both automatic and manual methods. An integrated steroidal saponins structural identification strategy in O. japonicas based on exact mass information, fragmentation characteristics and retention time was developed. Overall, 135 steroidal saponins, 47 homoisoflavonoids and 9 other metabolites were quickly identified or tentatively identified from the MSE continuum data. Furthermore, multivariate statistical analysis revealed that O. japonicas from Zhejiang and Sichuan can clearly be separated and some markers were screened. Moreover, some major active components including total soluble sugar, total soluble polyphenol, total flavonoid, total saponin and 10 specific compounds were analyzed quantitatively. In general, these results showed that there were many differences between the metabolic profile data of O. japonicas from different producing areas, O. japonicas from Sichuan showed higher level steroidal saponins and samples from Zhejiang had higher contents of homoisoflavonoids specifically, and indicated that metabolite profiling by UPLC/Q-TOF MS is an effective approach for the discrimination of medicinal herbs from different geographical origins.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Medicamentos/prevenção & controle , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Metabolômica/métodos , Ophiopogon/metabolismo , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Geografia , Isoflavonas/análise , Isoflavonas/metabolismo , Ophiopogon/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Medicinais/química , Plantas Medicinais/metabolismo , Saponinas/análise , Saponinas/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos
10.
J Diabetes Res ; 2019: 2695436, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30775384

RESUMO

Objectives: Chronic foot ulceration is a severe complication of diabetes, driving morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to identify novel biomarkers of impaired wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers. Methods: 109 patients with neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers and 30 burn victims otherwise healthy participated. Antibody-coated glass slide arrays were used to determine the levels of 80 human cytokines in pooled plasma or pooled wound exudate of diabetic foot ulcers with rapidly healing (RH, n = 12) and matched nonhealing (NH, n = 12) patients. Potential biomarkers were confirmed in an independent cohort by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Protein array profiling identified 27 proteins or 15 proteins significantly altered in protein profiling of pooled plasma or pooled wound exudate of 12 RH patients compared with 12 matched NH patients, respectively. In an independent cohort, quantitative ELISA validation confirmed a decrease in MCP-2 and ENA-78 levels in NH patients versus RH patients or burn victims. After adjusting for the traditional risk factors (sex, age, body mass index, fasting plasma glucose, ulcer area, HbA1C, diabetes duration, hyperlipidemia, and antibiotic therapy), only wound exudate level of ENA-78 remained having a significant association with an increased odds ratio (OR) for wound healing by binary logistic regression analysis (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Decreased wound exudate ENA-78 was independently associated with wound healing of patients with diabetic foot. Exudate ENA-78 level is implicated as a novel predictor of wound healing in patients with diabetic foot ulcers.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL5/metabolismo , Pé Diabético/metabolismo , Exsudatos e Transudatos/metabolismo , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL5/sangue , Pé Diabético/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 4232794, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539011

RESUMO

Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is the most severe manifestation of peripheral artery disease, which is common but rarely diagnosed. Noninvasive biomarkers are urgently required to assist in the diagnosis of CLI. Accumulating evidence indicates that miRNAs play an important role in the development of various diseases. In this study, microarray profiling revealed 11 miRNAs with significantly altered expression in four T2DM patients with CLI compared with that in four sex- and age-matched T2DM patients without CLI. In independent cohorts, qRT-PCR validation confirmed the increased miRNA-4739 level in patients with CLI versus patients without CLI. miRNA-4739 levels increased with FPG and HbA1c (all P < 0.05). After adjusting for the risk factors, miRNA-4739 levels were found to be associated with an increased odds ratio (OR) of T2DM with CLI (OR =12.818, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.148 to 143.143, P = 0.038). ROC curve analysis revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) of miR-4739+confounding risk factors was 0.94 (95% CI 0.891 to 0.998, P < 0.001), which was higher than that of confounding risk factors (AUC 0.94 vs. 0.91, 95% CI -0.122 to 0.060, P > 0.05) and of miR-4739 (AUC 0.94 vs. 0.69, 95% CI -0.399 to -0.101, P < 0.001), respectively. We conclude that elevated plasma miRNA-4739 levels are independently associated with CLI in T2DM patients. miRNA-4739 is implicated as a novel diagnostic marker and a potential therapeutic target for CLI in diabetes.


Assuntos
MicroRNA Circulante/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Pé/irrigação sanguínea , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , MicroRNA Circulante/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Pé Diabético/sangue , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Isquemia/sangue , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/genética , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Curva ROC , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco
12.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 15080, 2018 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30305681

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major contributor to peripheral artery disease (PAD), especially in cases that advance to critical limb ischemia (CLI). Accumulating evidence indicates that miRNAs play an important role in the development of PAD and T2DM. Due to the limited value of current diagnostic methods for CLI in T2DM patients, we compared the miRNA expression profiles of Chinese T2DM patients with or without CLI to find out whether distinctive miRNAs could serve as potential diagnostic biomarkers. We statistically identified 7 miRNAs (hsa-miR-200b-3p, hsa-miR-2115-3p, hsa-miR-431-5p, hsa-miR-486-5p, hsa-miR-210-3p, hsa-miR-1264, hsa-miR-323b-5p) which were up-regulated in the CLI group, whereas other 4 miRNAs (hsa-miR-5579-3p, hsa-miR-665, hsa-miR-4285, hsa-miR-500a-3p) were down-regulated. Our validation test suggested a relatively high diagnostic accuracy of serum hsa-miR-323b-5p levels for the detection of CLI in T2DM patients, with a sensitivity of 62.67% and a specificity of 80.65%. The area under the curve (AUC) for miR-323b-5p + confounding risk factors was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.884-0.994, P < 0.001), which was higher than that for miR-323b-5p. Taken together, our results indicate that circulating hsa-miR-323b-5p could be a promising serum biomarker for the diagnosis of critical limb ischemia in type 2 diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Extremidades/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidades/patologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Análise por Conglomerados , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
13.
J Pharm Anal ; 8(5): 312-317, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30345145

RESUMO

Soxhlet extraction is a common method of sample preparation. However, there has been no discussion about the efficiency of Soxhlet extraction from different batches and the factors that cause content fluctuation. In this study, Panax ginseng was selected as a model sample. Soxhlet extraction by means of a water bath, which has always been neglected, was identified as a novel key factor in the poor repeatability in different batches of Soxhlet extraction, as it can affect the siphon times and reflux time, which have been positively correlated with the ginsenoside contents. By substituting round bottom flasks in the same column, the relative standard deviation of the most fluctuated compound, ginsenoside Rb1, was decreased from 24.6% to 5.02%. Scanning electron microscopy analysis confirmed that the breakdown of the surface of the ginseng powder in the Soxhlet extraction led to a better dissolution of ginsenosides, indicating that chloroform may promote the extraction of ginsenosides by disrupting the cell structure. Moreover, 70% methanol was regarded as the better solvent for extracting the ginsenosides. Overall, this work offers a practical and effective protocol for improving the accuracy and repeatability of Soxhlet extraction methodology for ginsenosides and other analytes.

14.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 156: 340-348, 2018 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29751287

RESUMO

As a traditional processing method, sulfuring has been used in the processing of many traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Desulfuring, which has emerged in recent years, is a new method applied to sulfured herbs so they can comply with regulations regarding residual SO2. Due to the chemical transformations and the residual SO2 in the herbs, both sulfuring and desulfuring have negative effects on the safety and therapeutic effects of TCMs, and Moutan Cortex is one of the TCMs most susceptible to these effects. Here, a new strategy was developed to differentiate normal, sulfured and desulfured Moutan Cortex, and the transformations of compounds in sulfuring and desulfuring processes were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MSE) method based on metabolomic analysis. Our findings were as follows: (1) a total of 119 compounds were identified or tentatively identified, including 9 compounds that are being reported for the first time as natural products; (2) 15 sulfocompounds were generated during the sulfuring process; (3) these sulfocompounds could not be converted back into their corresponding glycosides by the desulfuring process, and the desulfuring decreased the residual SO2,while also removing some soluble compounds in the sulfured Moutan Cortex; and (4) 28 compounds were screened and tentatively identified as markers for distinguishing normal, sulfured and desulfured Moutan Cortex. Our findings provide a new practical strategy for evaluating how sulfuring and desulfuring affect the quality of TCMs.


Assuntos
Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Dióxido de Enxofre/química , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Glicosídeos/análise , Glicosídeos/química , Espectrometria de Massas/instrumentação , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Metabolômica/instrumentação , Metabolômica/métodos , Monoterpenos/análise , Monoterpenos/química , Paeonia/química , Raízes de Plantas/química
15.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 46(2): 609-617, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29617696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the effects of the VR-10 TSP-1 synthetic polypeptide on cytokines and the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells, as well as exploring a new method for anti-ocular neoangiogenesis. METHODS: We measured the proliferation of RF/6A cells by an MTT assay and investigated the migration of RF/6A cells by a Transwell chamber assay. We examined the mRNA transcript levels of TGF-ß2, VEGF, PEDF, Bcl-2 and FasL in RF/6A cells by RT-PCR and evaluated the expression of Fas and caspase-3 proteins in RF/6A cells by western blot analysis. RESULTS: 1. TSP-1 (1 µg/ml) and synthetic peptide VR-10 (0.1 µg/ml, 1 µg/ml and 10 µg/ml) inhibited the proliferation of RF/6A cells in a time and dose-dependent way. 2. TSP-1 and synthetic peptide VR-10 could inhibit the migration of RF/6A cells in a Transwell chamber (P < 0.001). It was demonstrated that 10 µg/ml synthetic peptide VR-10 had the strongest effect. 3. The expression of TGF-ß2 mRNA in RF/6A cells increased after treatment with 1 µg/ml TSP-1 (P < 0.0001). However, there was no significant difference between the synthetic peptide VR-10 and the control group (P > 0.05). Expression of PEDF mRNA in RF/6A cells was increased after treatment with 1 µg/ml TSP-1 and synthetic peptide VR-10. We demonstrated that 10 µg/ml synthetic peptide VR-10 had the strongest effect (P < 0.001). There were significant differences between groups (P < 0.001). Expression of TGF-ß2 mRNA in RF/6A cells increased after treatment with 1 µg/ml TSP-1 (P = 0.000). There was no significant difference between the synthetic peptide VR-10 and the control group (P > 0.05). PEDF mRNA expression in RF/6A cells decreased after 1 µg/ml TSP-1 and synthetic peptide VR-10 therapy, among which 10 µg/ml synthetic peptide VR-10 demonstrated the strongest effect (P < 0.001). There were significant differences between groups (P < 0.001), except for the 1 µg/ml synthetic peptide VR-10 and 1 µg/ml synthetic peptide VR-10 groups (P = 0.615). 4. Compared with the control group, FasL mRNA expression was significantly increased in the 10 µg/ml synthetic peptide VR-10 treatment group; however, Bcl-2 mRNA expression was decreased. 5. Western blotting showed that RF/6A cells in the control group mainly expressed the 32 kD procaspase-3 forms. For the 10 µg/ml synthetic peptide, VR-10 treatment group, it showed decreased expression of procaspase-3 (32 kD) and concomitant increased expression of its shorter pro apoptotic forms (20 kD). Compared with the control group, Fas protein expression significantly increased in the 10 µg/ml synthetic peptide VR-10 treatment group. CONCLUSIONS: Synthetic peptide VR-10 had an inhibitory action on the proliferation and migration of RF/6A cells. VR-10 inhibited angiogenesis by its combined actions, which included up-regulating the expression of an anti-angiogenesis gene, namely, pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), down-regulating the expression of the pro-angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and mediated endothelial cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Trombospondina 1/farmacologia , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Proteínas do Olho/metabolismo , Proteína Ligante Fas/genética , Proteína Ligante Fas/metabolismo , Macaca mulatta , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/genética , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Peptídeos/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Retina/citologia , Serpinas/genética , Serpinas/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(5): 1062-1070, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676109

RESUMO

Epimedii Folium has a long history in China as a common traditional Chinese medicine. Key factors of Epimedii Folium quality were summarized based on ancient literatures, Chinese Pharmacopoeias and modern research in different period of history. The main reason for unqualified Epimedii Folium is unstable icariin. Therefore, it's suggested that: the precondition of the quality control of epimedium is to find the proper quality marker. It's suggested that the medicinal parts should be reverted to "dry whole plant overground" to solve Epimedium resource shortage problem. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the standardized cultivation, so as to ensure germplasm, production area, and producing method to guarantee the quality of Epimedium Folium. In the drying method, it is recommended to change "dry in the sun or shade" to "dry", namely dry in the sun, shade or drier, in order to provide a new method to improve the quality control and quality standard of Epimedii Folium.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Epimedium/química , Flavonoides/química , China , Folhas de Planta/química
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(6): 1077-1085, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676111

RESUMO

Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen) is one of the commonly used bulk medicinal materials in China. It is widely used in clinical practice, and has many pharmacological effects, such as antithrombotic,antibacterial,anti-inflammatory,anti-oxidative and immunomodulatory activities. The quality of Danshen determines the quality of the curative effect. The current wild resources of Danshen gradually decrease, the cultivation area is widely distributed, among them, Shandong, Sichuan, Anhui, Shanxi, Hebei, Henan and other provinces have large acreage for Danshen. However, germplasm, origin, cultivation, harvest, process and other factors have a certain impact on the active ingredients of Danshen, which lead to the quality of Danshen good and bad mixed. This paper is based on the systematic analysis of literature on quality evaluation of Danshen. To provide a new idea for the further research on the quality of Danshen, we summarized the main factors affecting the quality of Salvia miltiorrhiza that of germplasm, origin, cultivation, harvest, process, storage, product specifications and so on.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , China , Raízes de Plantas/química , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
18.
Oncotarget ; 9(16): 13077-13087, 2018 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29560133

RESUMO

Background: The human 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (hOGG1) Ser326Cys polymorphism has been involved in the risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), but the results of published studies on this topic still inconsistent. Results: Finally 11 qualified publications with 13 independent case-control studies were yielded. Overall, we observed significant differences in CysCys vs. SerSer [odds ratio (OR) = 1.55, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.01-2.38] and CysCys vs. SerCys+SerSer (OR = 1.42, 95% CI = 1.005-1.99) genetic models. Sensitivity analyses showed the results were not robust, cumulative meta-analyses and trial sequential analysis indicated the results didn't not need more studies to identification. Subgroup analyses showed there was a significant association in Caucasian, laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, studies agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and alcohol drinkers subgroups under the corresponding contrasts. In addition, the results of Egger's test were contradictory. Materials and Methods: All eligible studies were searched from the online databases including PubMed, Web of Science, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, and Wanfang databases up to February 10, 2017. After study selection and data extraction, the meta-analysis was performed using STATA 12.0 software and TSA software version 0.9 Beta. Conclusions: Our meta-analysis results indicated that hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism may be associated with increased risk of HNSCC, especially in Caucasians, alcohol drinkers and the patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

19.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 11272, 2017 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28900239

RESUMO

Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) is common but uncommonly diagnosed. Improved recognition and early diagnostic markers for CLI are needed. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify plasma biomarkers of CLI in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this study, antibody-coated glass slide arrays were used to determine the plasma levels of 274 human cytokines in four matched cases of diabetes with and without CLI. Potential biomarkers were confirmed in an independent cohort by ELISA. After adjusting for confounding risk factors, only plasma level of Siglec-5 remained significantly associated with an increased odds ratio (OR) for diabetes with CLI by binary logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed the optimal cut-off points for Siglec-5 was 153.1 ng/ml. After entering Siglec-5, the AUC was 0.99, which was higher than that of confounding risk factors only (AUC = 0.97, P < 0.05). Siglec-5 was expressed in plaques, but not in healthy artery wall in T2DM patients. Elevated plasma Siglec-5 was independently associated with CLI in T2DM. Plasma Siglec-5 levels are implicated as an early diagnostic marker of CLI in T2DM patients and it may become a target for the prevention or treatment of CLI in diabetes.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/sangue , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/sangue , Biomarcadores , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Isquemia/sangue , Isquemia/etiologia , Lectinas/sangue , Idoso , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Análise Serial de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Food Drug Anal ; 25(3): 607-618, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28911647

RESUMO

The hepatoprotective activity of anthocyanin-rich purple sweet potato extract (APSPE) was demonstrated. Sixty mice were randomly divided into six groups: control group [without carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or APSPE]; model group (with CCl4 only); positive control group (50 mg/kg body weight silymarin); low-dose group (100 mg/kg body weight APSPE); medium-dose group (200 mg/kg body weight APSPE); and high-dose group (400 mg/kg body weight APSPE). After 10 days intragastric administration of the respective supplements, the mice in all groups except control were injected intraperitoneally with CCl4 (0.15% in arachis oil, 10 mL/kg body weight, intravenous). Twelve hours after CCl4 injection, the mice were measured in terms of liver index, levels of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in serum, as well as glutathione, superoxide dismutase, and malondialdehyde in liver homogenate. Additionally, the livers of mice were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and sectioned for observation. Nineteen purple sweet potato anthocyanins were identified from the purple sweet potato cultivar Eshu No. 8 and analyzed by liquid chromatography- electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. Peonidin 3-coumaryl-p-hydroxybenzoyl sophoroside-5-glucoside was first identified in purple sweet potato. The results showed that anthocyanins in Eshu No. 8 had good hepatoprotective activity.


Assuntos
Ipomoea batatas , Animais , Antocianinas , Tetracloreto de Carbono , Fígado , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais
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