Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 10 de 10
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Zool Res ; 42(5): 637-649, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472225

RESUMO

The insect brain is the central part of the neurosecretory system, which controls morphology, physiology, and behavior during the insect's lifecycle. Lepidoptera are holometabolous insects, and their brains develop during the larval period and metamorphosis into the adult form. As the only fully domesticated insect, the Lepidoptera silkworm Bombyx mori experienced changes in larval brain morphology and certain behaviors during the domestication process. Hormonal regulation in insects is a key factor in multiple processes. However, how juvenile hormone (JH) signals regulate brain development in Lepidoptera species, especially in the larval stage, remains elusive. We recently identified the JH receptor Methoprene tolerant 1 ( Met1) as a putative domestication gene. How artificial selection on Met1 impacts brain and behavioral domestication is another important issue addressing Darwin's theory on domestication. Here, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout of Bombyx Met1 caused developmental retardation in the brain, unlike precocious pupation of the cuticle. At the whole transcriptome level, the ecdysteroid (20-hydroxyecdysone, 20E) signaling and downstream pathways were overactivated in the mutant cuticle but not in the brain. Pathways related to cell proliferation and specialization processes, such as extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction and tyrosine metabolism pathways, were suppressed in the brain. Molecular evolutionary analysis and in vitro assay identified an amino acid replacement located in a novel motif under positive selection in B. mori, which decreased transcriptional binding activity. The B. mori MET1 protein showed a changed structure and dynamic features, as well as a weakened co-expression gene network, compared with B. mandarina. Based on comparative transcriptomic analyses, we proposed a pathway downstream of JH signaling (i.e., tyrosine metabolism pathway) that likely contributed to silkworm larval brain development and domestication and highlighted the importance of the biogenic amine system in larval evolution during silkworm domestication.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Bombyx/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Hormônios Juvenis/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Bombyx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Encéfalo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Deleção de Genes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Genótipo , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Tegumento Comum/fisiologia , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/metabolismo , Filogenia , Conformação Proteica
2.
Insect Sci ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388292

RESUMO

Bombyx mori has been extensively studied but the gene expression control of its embryonic development is unclear. In this study, we performed transcriptome profiling of six stages of B. mori embryonic development using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). A total of 12 894 transcripts were obtained from the embryos. Of these, 12 456 transcripts were shared among the six stages, namely, fertilized egg, blastoderm, germ-band, organogenesis, reversal period, and youth period stages. There were 111, 48, 41, 54, 77, and 107 transcripts specifically expressed during the six stages, respectively. By analyzing weighted gene correlation networks and differently expressed genes, we found that during embryonic development, many genes related to DNA replication, transcription, protein synthesis, and epigenetic modifications were upregulated in the early embryos. Genes of cuticle proteins, chitin synthesis-related proteins, and neuropeptides were more abundant in the late embryos. Although pathways of juvenile hormone and the ecdysteroid 20-hydroxyecdysone, and transcription factors were expressed throughout the embryonic development stages, more regulatory pathways were highly expressed around the organogenesis stage, suggesting more gene expression for organogenesis. The results of RNA-seq were confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction of 16 genes of different pathways. Nucleic acid methylation and seven sites in histone H3 modifications were confirmed by dot blot and western blot. This study increases the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of the embryonic developmental process and information on the regulation of B. mori development.

3.
Insect Sci ; 28(1): 47-62, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283000

RESUMO

Krüppel homolog 1 (Kr-h1), a zinc finger transcription factor, is involved in the metamorphosis and adult reproduction of insects. However, the role of Kr-h1 in reproduction of holometabolic insects remains to be elucidated. The regulation network of Kr-h1-associated genes in the reproduction in Bombyx mori was investigated in this study. The higher expression level of BmKr-h1 in the ovaries was detected during the late pupal stage and adults. RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated depletion of BmKr-h1 in the female at day 6 of pupae resulted in abnormal oocytes at 48 h post-double-stranded RNA treatment, which showed less yolk protein deposition and partially transparent chorion. RNA-seq and subsequent differentially expressed transcripts analysis showed that knockdown of BmKr-h1 caused a decrease in the expression of 2882 genes and an increase in the expression of 2565 genes in the oocytes at day 8 of pupae. Totally, 27 genes coding for transcription factors were down-regulated, while six genes coding for other transcription factors were up-regulated. BmKr-h1 bound to the Kr-h1 binding site of the transcription factors AP-1 (activating protein-1) and FOXG1 to increase their messenger RNA transcripts in the BmN cells, respectively. Gene Ontology enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses of that positively co-expressed with AP-1 and FOXG1 transcripts showed mainly enrichment in the metabolic-related pathways, the nutrient absorption and the yolk protein absorption processes. These data suggested that BmKr-h1 might directly regulate the metabolic-related pathways, the nutrient absorption and the yolk protein absorption processes or probably through AP-1 and /or FOXG1 to regulate oocyte development.


Assuntos
Bombyx/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Transcriptoma , Animais , Bombyx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bombyx/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo
4.
J Dig Dis ; 20(9): 447-459, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Microbiota dysbiosis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been widely reported. The gut microbiota connect diet to the metabolism by producing small molecules via diverse metabolic pathways. In this study we aimed to investigate the dietary preferences of IBD patients, and to explore the interactions among gut microbiota composition, dietary components, and metabolites in relation to IBD. METHODS: Dietary preferences of IBD patients (including those with ulcerative colitis [UC] and Crohn's disease [CD]) and health controls were investigated, and their gut microbiota were analyzed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metagenomic analyses of fecal and biopsy samples. The metabolite profiles of the samples were then analyzed using gas and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses. RESULTS: The daily intake of folic acid, niacin, vitamins C and D, calcium, and selenium differed significantly between patients with IBD and healthy controls. A decrease in long-chain (such as arachidic, and oleic acid) and medium-chain fatty acids (sebacic acid and isocaproic acid) as well as bile acid was observed in patients with IBD. Compared with healthy controls, 22 microbial species (including Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, and Clostridium clostridioforme CAG132) in the UC group and 37 microbial species (such as Bacteroides fragilis and Fusobacterium nucleatum) in the CD group were found to be correlated to diet and metabolites. Bacteroides fragilis was enriched in patients with IBD and associated with multi-nutrients, and 21 metabolites including 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and taurolithocholic acid. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides an interaction network to identify key micronutrients, microbiota components and metabolites that contribute to IBD.


Assuntos
Dieta , Preferências Alimentares , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/microbiologia , Adulto , Biópsia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Disbiose/complicações , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Masculino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/fisiologia , Metagenômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação Nutricional , Adulto Jovem
5.
Insect Sci ; 23(6): 782-790, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25953667

RESUMO

The insect exoskeleton is mainly composed of chitin filaments linked by cuticle proteins. When insects molt, the cuticle of the exoskeleton is renewed by degrading the old chitin and cuticle proteins and synthesizing new ones. In this study, chitin-binding activity of the wing disc cuticle protein BmWCP4 in Bombyx mori was studied. Sequence analysis showed that the protein had a conservative hydrophilic "R&R" chitin-binding domain (CBD). Western blotting showed that BmWCP4 was predominately expressed in the wing disc-containing epidermis during the late wandering and early pupal stages. The immunohistochemistry result showed that the BmWCP4 was mainly present in the wing disc tissues containing wing bud and trachea blast during day 2 of wandering stage. Recombinant full-length BmWCP4 protein, "R&R" CBD peptide (CBD), non-CBD peptide (BmWCP4-CBD- ), four single site-directed mutated peptides (M1 , M2 , M3 and M4 ) and four-sites-mutated peptide (MF ) were generated and purified, respectively, for in vitro chitin-binding assay. The results indicated that both the full-length protein and the "R&R" CBD peptide could bind with chitin, whereas the BmWCP4-CBD- could not bind with chitin. The single residue mutants M1 , M2 , M3 and M4 reduced but did not completely abolish the chitin-binding activity, while four-sites-mutated protein MF completely lost the chitin-binding activity. These data indicate that BmWCP4 protein plays a critical role by binding to the chitin filaments in the wing during larva-to-pupa transformation. The conserved aromatic amino acids are critical in the interaction between chitin and the cuticle protein.


Assuntos
Bombyx/genética , Quitina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Animais , Bombyx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bombyx/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/metabolismo , Pupa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pupa/metabolismo , Asas de Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Asas de Animais/metabolismo
6.
BMC Genomics ; 15: 820, 2014 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25261999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wing discs of B. mori are transformed to pupal wings during the larva-to-pupa metamorphosis with dramatic morphological and structural changes. To understand these changes at a transcriptional level, RNA-seq of the wing discs from 6-day-old fifth instar larvae (L5D6), prepupae (PP) and pupae (P0) was performed. RESULTS: In total, 12,254 transcripts were obtained from the wing disc, out of which 5,287 were identified to be differentially expressed from L5D6 to PP and from PP to P0. The results of comprehensive analysis of RNA-seq data showed that during larvae-to-pupae metamorphosis, many genes of 20E signaling pathway were up-regulated and those of JH signaling pathway were down-regulated. Seventeen transcription factors were significantly up-regulated. Cuticle protein genes (especially wing cuticle protein genes), were most abundant and significantly up-regulated at P0 stage. Genes responsible for the degradation and de novo synthesis of chitin were significantly up-regulated. There were A and B two types of chitin synthases in B. mori, whereas only chitin synthase A was up-regulated. Both trehalose and D-fructose, which are precursors of chitin synthesis, were detected in the hemolymph of L5D6, PP and P0, suggesting de novo synthesis of chitin. However, most of the genes that are related to early wing disc differentiation were down-regulated. CONCLUSIONS: Extensive transcriptome and DGE profiling data of wing disc during metamorphosis of silkworm have been generated, which provided comprehensive gene expression information at the transcriptional level. These results implied that during the larva-to-pupa metamorphosis, pupal wing development and transition might be mainly controlled by 20E signaling in B. mori. The 17 up-regulated transcription factors might be involved in wing development. Chitin required for pupal wing development might be generated from both degradation of componential chitin and de novo synthesis. Chitin synthase A might be responsible for the chitin synthesis in the pupal wing, while both trehalose and D-fructose might contribute to the de novo synthesis of chitin during the formation of pupal wing.


Assuntos
Bombyx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bombyx/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Metamorfose Biológica , Asas de Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Bombyx/anatomia & histologia , Quitina/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais , Asas de Animais/metabolismo
7.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 37(7): 1222-9, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25566661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect and mechanism of 701 Diedazhentonggao on acute and chronic soft tissue injury in rabbit. METHODS: The rabbit model of acute and chronic soft tissue injury were established by heavy hammer blow method. The tissue damage scored, pain threshold value and blood rheology were detected, and histopathological and inflammatory cytokines in damaged tissue and gene chip were observed. RESULTS: 701 Diedazhentonggao significantly improved the acute soft tissue injury symptoms, increased the pain threshold, reduced the score values of local damage, improved subcutaneous ecchymosis symptoms, reduced the content of inflammatory cytokines in damaged tissue, repaired the injuried tissue, and reduced blood viscosity and the content of IL-1 and 5-HT. But the contents of IL-6 and PGE2 in acute soft tissue injury were not reduced. The gene chip study expressed the drug interfered the pathway of IL-1R and white blood cell cling. 701 Diedazhentonggao also improved the chronic soft tissue injury symptoms and the main performance on anti-inflammatory effect, and reduced the contents of IL-6, IL-1 and 5-HT, but it had little effet on reducing the contents of PGE2, Fbg, blood and histopathological examination. CONCLUSION: 701 Diedazhentonggao has ameliorative effect on acute and chronic soft tissue injury, but the effect on acute soft tissue injuries is better than on chronic soft tissue injuries, and its mechanism may be related to reducing the contents of IL-1, IL-6, 5-HT and other related inflammatory mediators.


Assuntos
Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Interleucina-1 , Interleucina-6 , Masculino , Coelhos , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 38(19): 3319-23, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24422400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an HPLC-DAD-ELSD method for detecting the fingerprint of Astragali Radix and evaluate the quality through similarity calculation and chemical pattern recognition. METHOD: Separation was performed at 25 degreeC on an Agilent Zorbax ODS C18 column(4.6 mm x250 mm,5 microm). Gradient elution was performed with the mobile phases of acetonitrile and water containing 0. 2% formic acid. The flow rate was 0. 8 mL min-1 , and sample size was 10 microL. The UV detection wavelength was set at 280 nm. The drift tube temperature for ELSD was set at 110 degreeC , and the nebulizing gas flow rate was 3.0 L min-1. The similarity calculation and chemical pattern recognition were used for fingerprint analysis. RESULT: The HPLC-DAD-ELSD method for chromatographic fingerprint of Astragali Radix showed better results of stability, precision and repeatability. The reference chromatographic fingerprint of Astragali Radix was established on the eighteen Astragali Radix samples from different sources. The results of similarity calculation were higher than 0. 83, which was in accordance with the result of chemical pattern recognition analysis. CONCLUSION: Fingerprint and chemical pattern recognition analysis could effectively distinguish Astragali Radix from different source, which could be applied to the quality control of Astragali Radix.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Astrágalo (Planta)/química , Temperatura
9.
Apoptosis ; 17(3): 305-24, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22127643

RESUMO

Although several features of apoptosis and autophagy have been reported in the larval organs of Lepidoptera during metamorphosis, solid experimental evidence for autophagy is still lacking. Moreover, the role of the two processes and the nature of their relationship are still cryptic. In this study, we perform a cellular, biochemical and molecular analysis of the degeneration process that occurs in the larval midgut of Bombyx mori during larval-adult transformation, with the aim to analyze autophagy and apoptosis in cells that die under physiological conditions. We demonstrate that larval midgut degradation is due to the concerted action of the two mechanisms, which occur at different times and have different functions. Autophagy is activated from the wandering stage and reaches a high level of activity during the spinning and prepupal stages, as demonstrated by specific autophagic markers. Our data show that the process of autophagy can recycle molecules from the degenerating cells and supply nutrients to the animal during the non-feeding period. Apoptosis intervenes later. In fact, although genes encoding caspases are transcribed at the end of the larval period, the activity of these proteases is not appreciable until the second day of spinning and apoptotic features are observable from prepupal phase. The abundance of apoptotic features during the pupal phase, when the majority of the cells die, indicates that apoptosis is actually responsible for cell death and for the disappearance of larval midgut cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , Autofagia/fisiologia , Bombyx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Metamorfose Biológica/fisiologia , Animais , Autofagia/genética , Bombyx/citologia , Bombyx/metabolismo , Caspases/metabolismo , Sistema Digestório/anatomia & histologia , Sistema Digestório/metabolismo , Larva/citologia , Larva/metabolismo , Larva/ultraestrutura , Pupa/metabolismo
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12098798

RESUMO

The peptides of angiotensin II and fragment 18-39 of adrenocorticotropic hormone were determined by MALDI-TOF-MS-FAST. Main amino acid compositions and partial sequences of the peptides have been analyzed by the mass data of fragment ion peaks in the FAST spectra. The primary structures of these two peptides were identified by searching the protein databases. The research results showed that FAST is a powerful tool for determining the primary structure of peptides because of its high sensitivity, quickness and accuracy.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...