Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 716
Filtrar
1.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 69: 126896, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidences have confirmed that liver is one of the more severely damaged organs during chronic fluorosis. However, the detail mechanism is unclear to data. At present, the objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between down-regulation of IKBKG gene expression and hepatocyte senescence induced by sodium fluoride (NaF). METHODS: Chronic fluorosis rats and NaF-exposure human liver L02 cells were reproduced the model of hepatocyte senescence in vivo and in vitro. The mRNA and protein levels of p16, p21 and IKBKG, the IL-8 level were determined. The role of IKBKG in fluoride-induced senescence of hepatocytes was explored by knock down in hepatocytes in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: The number of senescence-positive cells in rat liver tissues was increased as well as the level of IL-8 and the expression levels of p16, p21 and IKBKG in fluoride exposure to rat depending on the fluoride concentration. The similar results were obtained in NaF treated liver L02 cells, and the number of cells that stagnated in the G2 phase increased significantly. Further, our results confirmed that decreasing the expression of IKBKG in hepatocytes could reduce fluoride-induced hepatocyte senescence and the changes of senescence-related indicators both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSION: These results indicated that the elevated expression of IKBKG was positive relation with the fluoride-induced senescence in hepatocytes, suggesting the hepatocyte senescence might have a special relationship with fluoride-caused liver damage. Because of the present results limitation, the mechanism of fluoride induced senescence in hepatocytes should be concentrated in the future in detail, especially the novel targets for fluoride induced liver injury.

2.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(12): 1059-1064, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856666

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of SYNGAP1-related epilepsy in children. Methods: Data of 13 patients with SYNGAP1 gene variants diagnosed with epilepsy at Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital were collected retrospectively from March 2017 to October 2020 and the patients were followed up. The clinical features, electroencephalogram(EEG), brain imaging, gene results and treatment were summarized. Results: Twelve patients were followed up successfully among the 13 patients with SYNGAP1 variants. The last follow-up age was 5 years and 7 months (3 years and 1 month to 9 years).The onset age of seizures was 2 years (4 months to 3 years). Seizure types included eyelid myoclonia with or without absence (9 cases), myoclonic seizure (5 cases), atypical absence (4 cases), suspicious atonic seizures(4 cases),unclassified fall attack (6 cases), and the frequency of seizures varied from several times to more than 100 times per day. Four cases had the mimic phenotype of myoclonic astatic epilepsy. The seizures of 10 cases could be triggered by eating (5 cases), emotion (5 cases), fever (3 cases), voice (2 cases), fatigue (2 cases), etc. Electroencephalography (10 cases) showed interictal generalized or focal epileptiform discharges (9 cases), and atypical aphasia (4 cases), myoclonic seizure (2 cases) and eyelid myoclonic seizure (1 case) were monitored. Of the 12 cases, 9 were added with valproate, all of which were effective (the frequency of seizures reduced>50%). Five cases received combined levetiracetam, in 3 the treatments were effective. To last follow-up, 3 cases were seizure free from 6 months to 1 year and 1 month, but the remaining 7 cases still had seizures, one or several times per day. All 13 cases had developmental retardation (speech ability impaired mostly), 2 cases were severe, 10 cases were moderate, 1 case was mild. The SYNGAP1 gene variants of 13 patients were all de novo, including 12 variants. Among them, 4 were frameshift variants, 4 were nonsense variants, 2 were missense variants and 2 were splice site variants. Conclusions: Patients with SYNGAP1-related epilepsy have an early onset age and many seizure types. The main seizure type is eyelid myoclonia with or without absence, and other seizure types include myoclonic seizure, atypical absence, unclassified fall attack, etc. Valproate is effective in most patients, but seizures in some patients might be intractable. Most patients have developmental delay (mainly moderate and severe), speech ability impaired mostly.

4.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(12): 1227-1234, 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34905901

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of drug coated balloon (DCB) versus conventional balloon in the treatment of coronary de novo bifurcation lesions. Methods: The databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of science, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), Wanfang database, VIP, China Biology Medicine disc, Chinese clinical trial registry, American clinical trial registry and cardiovascular related websites until September 2020 were retrieved for collecting the randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing DCB versus conventional balloon in the treatment of coronary de novo bifurcation lesions. The risk of bias of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane risk assessment tool. The meta-analysis was performed by using Revman 5.3 and Stata 14.0 software. Results: Seven RCTs with a total of 613 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Among the included studies, 4 articles reached the low risk of bias, and the other 3 articles reached the medium risk of bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the major adverse cardiac events (RR=0.65, 95%CI 0.39-1.08, P=0.10), myocardial infarction (RR=0.68, 95%CI 0.25-1.80, P=0.43), target lesion revascularization (RR=0.94, 95%CI 0.53-1.67, P=0.83) between DCB group and conventional balloon group. Late lumen loss of side branch was less in the DCB group than that in the conventional balloon group (WMD=-0.25, 95%CI -0.41--0.09, P<0.01) and the risk of side branch restenosis was also lower in the DCB group than that in the conventional balloon group (RR=0.47, 95%CI 0.22-0.98, P<0.05). However, subgroup analysis showed that the conclusions of domestic studies and foreign studies on late lumen loss and side branch restenosis were inconsistent. The meta-analysis based on domestic literature showed that the risk of side branch restenosis after DCB treatment was lower compared with conventional balloon group (RR=0.29, 95%CI 0.15-0.57, P<0.05), while this parameter derived from foreign literatures remained unchanged between two groups (P=0.53). The meta-analysis results of domestic literature showed that late lumen loss in DCB group was less than that in conventional balloon group (WMD=-0.32, 95%CI -0.51--0.13, P<0.05), but this phenomenon was not observed in foreign literatures (P=0.30). Conclusions: The use of DCB in the treatment of coronary de novo bifurcation lesions has the potential to reduce the rate of restenosis and late lumen loss of side branch compared with conventional balloon group. However, due to the limitation on quantity, quality and results of published studies, more high-quality and large scale RCTs are still needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reestenose Coronária , Infarto do Miocárdio , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(12): 1496-1499, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963250

RESUMO

A questionnaire was used to investigate the emergency training needs of novel coronavirus pneumonia of disease prevention and control institutions in provinces, deputy provincial level regions and cities specifically designated in the state plan, and the effect evaluation of emergency training activities conducted by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC). The results showed that 67.4% of 47 disease prevention and control institutions (31/46) believed that the emergency training at the initial stage of the epidemic should be conducted as soon as possible, and the form of network training should be given priority. The training should focus on the urgently needed technologies such as epidemiological investigation, formulation and response of prevention and control strategies, laboratory testing, etc. The teaching materials should highlight pertinence and practicability and be presented in the form of electronic video. The average satisfaction score of the video training conducted by China CDC was (8.81±1.125) and the score of audio-video courseware was (8.97±0.893). The needs analysis and evaluation of novel coronavirus pneumonia prevention and control in disease prevention and control institutions could provide reference for the follow-up training and improve the emergency training management.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pneumonia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 39(10): 770-775, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727660

RESUMO

Objective: To grasp the occupational health monitoring of radiation workers in medical institutions across the country, and to discover weak links in the prevention and treatment of occupational radiation diseases. Methods: In 2020 January, according to the monitoring data of the "National Radiation Health Information Platform" (Occupational Radiation Disease and Occupational Health Monitoring Subsystem and Occupational Radiation Disease Reporting Subsystem) , the national occupational health monitoring data from January 1 to December 31, 2019, including the number of radiation workers in medical institutions, occupational health examinations, personal dose monitoring and occupational radiation disease diagnosis, were descriptive analyzed. Results: There were a total of 394436 radiation workers in medical institutions across the country. The number of radiation workers in various provinces was quite different, with a median of 10206, which was positively correlated with the number of permanent residents in each province (r=0.947) . There were 376 personal dose monitoring institutions nationwide, and the personal dose monitoring rate of radiation workers in medical institutions was 96.61% (381045/394436) . There were 419 occupational health inspection institutions for radiation workers across the country, and 269 (64.20%) used software to print physical examination forms. A total of 334455 radiation workers in medical institutions had been subjected to occupational health examinations. The rate of occupational health examinations for radiation workers in medical institutions was 84.79% (334455/394436) . The abnormal rate of chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes of radiation workers in medical institutions was 0.33% (776/233571) , the detection rate of posterior posterior subcapsular turbidity was 0.63% (2093/334455) , and the abnormality rate of thyroid color ultrasound was 28.49% (14946/52464) . In 2019, a total of 16 cases of occupational radiation diseases were reported. Conclusion: The personal dose monitoring rate and occupational health examination rate of medical radiation workers nationwide are relatively high, but the quality of lymphocyte chromosome aberration analysis, eye lens examination and thyroid color photograph examination needs to be further improved.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Lesões por Radiação , China , Humanos
7.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 470-475, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of mitochondrial metabolic functions of macrophages following Echinococcus multilocularis infections, so as to provide insights into the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis. METHODS: Two groups were assigned according to different treatment methods. In the culture group, mouse leukemic monocyte macrophage RAW264.7 cells were cultured with 2 000 E. multilocularis at a ratio of 500∶1, while RAW264.7 cells in the control group were given no treatment. Then, both the culture and control groups were further divided into the 24 h and 72 h subgroups. Mitochondria were stained with MitoTracker® Deep Red FM and the mean fluorescence intensity of macrophage mitochondria was measured with the Cytation 5 Cell Imaging Multi-Mode Reader. The mitochondrial DNA copy number was quantified using the quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay, and the mitochondrial energy metabolism was monitored using the Seahorse XF assay. In addition, the mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected using flow cytometry. RESULTS: The mean fluorescence intensities of macrophage mitochondria were significantly lower in the 24 h (15 341 ± 2 532 vs. 17 823 ± 3 429; t = 6.379, P < 0.01) and 72 h (18 102 ± 3 505 vs. 21 511 ± 5 144; t = 17.680, P < 0.01) culture subgroups than in the corresponding control subgroups, and lower mitochondrial DNA copy numbers were measured in the 72 h culture subgroup than in the 72 h control group [(3.23 × 109 ± 1.78 × 107) vs. (4.39 × 109 ± 3.70 × 107); t = 8.85, P < 0.001]. The oxygen consumption rates were significantly greater in the 24 h [(241.70 ± 73.13) pmol/min vs. (69.05 ± 52.30) pmol/min; t = 7.89, P < 0.01] and 48 h culture groups [(249.50 ± 42.06) pmol/min vs. (60.28 ± 40.66) pmol/min; t = 8.64, P < 0.01] than in the corresponding control groups, and a higher extracellular acidification rate was seen in the 48 h culture group than in the 48 h control group ([ 111.6 ± 17.49) mpH/min vs. (35.05 ± 7.57) mpH/min; t = 16.90, P < 0.01]. In addition, flow cytometry detected higher mean fluorescence intensity of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (58 264 ± 10 087 vs. 4 307 ± 97; t = 12.930, P < 0.01) and lower mitochondrial membrane potential (9.833% ± 2.285% vs. 2.667% ± 0.208%; t = 6.645, P < 0.01) in the 72 h culture group than in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: E. multilocularis infection may impair mitochondrial functions and inhibit oxidative phosphorylation of macrophages, resulting in increased macrophage glycolysis. It is speculated that the alteration of macrophage metabolic states may contribute to the mechanisms underlying the development and progression of alveolar echinococcosis.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus multilocularis , Animais , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(44): 3650-3654, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823282

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical epidemiological characteristics of children with pertussis and the infection of their close contacts. Methods: The clinical data of children with pertussis and the etiological detection results of close contacts in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from 2015 to 2018 were collected and descriptive epidemiological analysis was carried out. Results: The cases of pertussis from 2015 to 2018 were reported as 504, 425, 796 and 991 respectively, with a total of 2 716 cases. The most cases was in May in 2015 (72 cases), in August in 2016 and 2018 (68 cases and 144 cases), and in July in 2017 (115 cases). A total of 1 517 male and 1 199 female children were reported from 2015 to 2018, the ratio of male-to-female was 1.3∶1. The proportion of children under 1 year old was 79.7% (2 165/2 716), of which 74.4% (1 610/2 165) was less than 6 months old. Among the reported cases, 1 605 (59.1%) were treated as outpatients, aged M(Q1,Q3) 5 (3, 11) months, and 1 111 (40.9%) were hospitalized, aged 4 (2, 7) months. There were 876 outpatients (54.4%) and 734 inpatients (45.6%) under 6 months of age, 575 outpatients (63.5%) and 331 inpatients (36.5%) between 6 months and 2 years of age, and 154 outpatients (77.0%) and 46 inpatients (23.0%) with above 2 years old, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between the two treatment methods in different age groups (P<0.001). The average hospitalization time of inpatients under 6 months of age was (8.5±3.9) days, that of inpatients between 6 months and 2 years of age was (7.1±3.7) days, and that of inpatients above 2 years old was (6.8±3.3) days. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The etiological test results of pertussis were collected from 617 close contacts of 270 reported cases, the positive detection rate of mothers was the highest (34.9%). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2018, the number of reported cases of pertussis in our hospital fluctuated and increased year by year, with high incidence in summer, mainly in children under 1 year old, and more males than females. Outpatient treatment was more than inpatient treatment, its age was obviously older than the latter. The younger the children, the higher the proportion of hospitalization, and with the increase of the age, the hospitalization time was obviously shortened. Among the close family contacts, the mother might be the main source of pertussis infection in children.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Criança , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Estações do Ano , Coqueluche/epidemiologia
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1160-1166, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814525

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the differences in body mass index (BMI) distribution in adult twins registered in Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), and provide evidence for the risk factor analysis and prevention and control of overweight or obesity. Methods: A total of 32 725 twin pairs aged 18 years and above who completed the questionnaire survey during 2010-2018 and had complete registered information in CNTR and normal body weight and length were included in the analysis on the population and region specific distributions of BMI of twin pairs and the difference in BMI in twin pairs. Results: The twin pairs included in the analysis were aged (34.6±12.4) years, the twin pairs of same gender accounted for 79.7%. The average BMI was 22.5 kg/m2. The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight was 4.9% and 23.7%, respectively. Participants who were men, 50-59 years old, married, had lower education level, and lived in northern China had higher overweight rate and obesity rate (P<0.001). The difference in overweight or obesity prevalence between monozygotic (MZ) twin pars and dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs was not significant, but firstborn twin pairs had slightly higher rates of overweight and obesity than later-born twin pairs (P<0.05). The analysis in same gender-twin pairs indicated that the difference in BMI was associated with age (trend test: P<0.001), and the difference was more obvious in DZ twin pair in MZ pair and this difference increased with age. The concordant rate of BMI was higher in MZ twin pairs than DZ twin pairs (P<0.05). Conclusion: The distribution of BMI of twin pairs varied with population and region and BMI varied with age due to its genetic nature.


Assuntos
Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1167-1173, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814526

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the modification effect of physical activity on the genetic effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: The univariate moderation model was fitted to calculate the modifying effect of physical activity on the genetic effects of T2DM based on the data of 12 107 pairs of same gender twins aged 30 years and older enrolled by the Chinese National Twin Registry in 11 provinces/cities in China. Results: After adjusting for age and gender, the heritability of T2DM was 0.56 (0.31-0.84). Qualified physical activity could attenuate the genetic effects of T2DM. The heritability of T2DM in twin pairs with qualified physical activity was 0.46 (0.06-0.88), which was lower than that in twin pairs without qualified physical activity during the same model [0.68(0.36-0.94)]. Conclusion: T2DM is a moderate genetic disease, physical activity can modify the genetic effects of T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1573-1579, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814586

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the gene-body mass index (BMI) interaction on coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Chinese adult twins. Methods: A total of 20 340 same-sex twin pairs registered in the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) were enrolled in this study. Classical twin structure equation model was used to estimate the gene-BMI interaction on CHD. Results: After adjusting for age, we found that genetic variance of CHD differed as the function of BMI in male twins, which indicated the presence of a gene-BMI interaction on CHD (P=0.008).The genetic moderating effect (ßa) was -0.14 (95%CI: -0.22--0.04), indicating that for each logarithmic transformation value of BMI increase, genetic path parameters would decrease by 0.14, which would result in the decrease of genetic variance of CHD. And the heritability of CHD was 0.77 (95%CI: 0.65-0.86) among the male twins with lower BMI (<24.0 kg/m2), but 0.56 (95%CI: 0.33-0.74) among the male twins with high BMI (≥24.0 kg/m2). However, there was no evidence suggesting that BMI could moderate genetic variants of CHD in female. Conclusion: We found a significant gene-BMI interaction on CHD in the Chinese male adult twins in China, and the heritability of CHD was higher among the twins whose BMI was <24.0 kg/m2.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/genética , Doenças em Gêmeos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
12.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 88(5): 386-388, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738900

RESUMO

The volar divergent dislocation of the second to fifth carpometacarpal joints and involving fracture of carpal is an extremely rare injury. We reported a case of 55-year-old man, victim of a motorbike, who was struck by a car, admitted at the emergency department unable to move his left hand with severe swelling. X-rays and CT scan showed a volar divergent dislocation of second to fifth carpometacarpal joints and involving fracture of carpal. Patient underwent closed reduction and plaster fixation right way, after one week, he received open reduction internal fixation with K-wire and plaster. Functional exercise was started progressively once K-wire and plaster were removed after six weeks. At six months follow-up, results were excellent and patient has regained all of his range of motion and hand activities. Key words: carpometacarpal joint, palmar, divergent, dislocation, hand, wrist.


Assuntos
Ossos do Carpo , Articulações Carpometacarpais , Fraturas Ósseas , Luxações Articulares , Articulações Carpometacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulações Carpometacarpais/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Articulação do Punho
13.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1011-1019, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619896

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of combination treatment of photodynamic therapy (PDT) based on photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) and antibiotic agent tinidazole (TNZ) against periodontitis both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: The Sprague-Dewley (SD) rat periodontitis model was constructed using the method of orthodontic wire ligation. After successful modeling, SD rats were randomly divided into the following 6 groups (3 rats in each group): positive control (Ctrl+), Ce6, TNZ, a mixture of Ce6 and TNZ (Ce6/TNZ), Ce6 with laser irradiation (Ce6+L), a mixture of Ce6 and TNZ with laser irradiation (Ce6/TNZ+L). Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was used to assess the cytotoxic activities of Ce6 (concentration range: 0-20 mg/L), TNZ (concentration range: 0-16.6 mg/L) and their mixture (Ce6/TNZ) in mouse fibroblast L929 cells. Fluorescence probe method was applied to measure the production of reactive oxygen species in the dental plaque biofilms after various treatments with and without 5-minute laser irradiation at 635 nm at a power density of 0.5 W/cm2 (Ce6+L and Ce6/TNZ+L groups), thus to evaluate the PDT performances. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and live/dead staining were used to assess the antibacterial activity in each of the groups and the combination index (CI) of PDT combined with TNZ was calculated subsequently. Flow cytometry was utilized to detect the apoptosis-inducing effects of these treatments in macrophage RAW264.7 cells after processing with the apoptosis detection kit. The inhibitory effects of various treatments on the absorption of alveolar bone of SD rats were further evaluated in the periodontitis rats by using the micro-CT. Results: The survival rates of L929 cells in the preset concentration range were all above 90% in Ce6, TNZ and Ce6/TNZ groups. Upon laser irradiation, the plaque biofilms in Ce6 and Ce6/TNZ groups showed significant green fluorescence, indicating that large amounts of reactive oxygen species were triggered and generated significantly in the dental plaque biofilms. However, the survival rates of dental plaque microorganisms in 5 Ce6/TNZ concentrations were (85.4±5.5)%, (76.0±8.9)%, (61.7±0.6)%, (56.3±2.6)% and (43.5±0.6)% respectively, which were significantly lower than that in Ce6 only and TNZ only groups (P<0.01). The CI levle of each drug concentration group was less than 1.0, which showed a significant synergistic antibacterial efficiency. Stronger apoptotic activities were observed in Ce6+L and Ce6/TNZ+L groups compared with those in Ce6 only and Ce6/TNZ only groups (P<0.01). In periodontitis rats, Ce6/TNZ combined laser irradiation could effectively inhibit the absorption of alveolar bone. The alveolar bone volume and the ratio of bone volume and tissue volume were (1.49±0.07) mm3 and (47.08±0.71)%, respectively. The distances between cementoenamel junction to alveolar bone crest on buccal and palatal sites decreased to (2.13±0.07) mm and (1.94±0.10) mm respectively, showing a high inhibition efficiency. Conclusions: Ce6-mediated PDT combined with TNZ possessed notable synergistic effects against periodontitis, reflecting in the efficient antibacterial effect, the apoptosis-inducing action on macrophages, and the inhibitory efficacy on the alveolar bone absorption in vivo.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Periodontite , Fotoquimioterapia , Animais , Antibacterianos , Camundongos , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Ratos
14.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1042-1050, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666464

RESUMO

Objective: To explore whether blood and polyp tissue eosinophil numbers are independent risk factors for poor disease control in patients with nasal polyp. Methods: By using the electronic medical records database and manual evaluation, 183 nasal polyp patients who had undergone endoscopic sinus surgery at least one year prior to the study with complete data of tissue specimens, baseline blood routine test, nasal endoscopy and sinus computed tomography, were identified and recruited to assess disease control based on the criteria of a European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2012 (EPOS 2012). Multiple logistic regression model was used to determine the association between blood and tissue eosinophil numbers and risk of poor disease control by adjusting for demographics and comorbidities. Results: We broke down the cohort into 4 groups according to blood (0.3×109/L) and tissue (10%) eosinophils. The patients without eosinophilic inflammation represented the largest group (41.5%). The group with concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia represented the second largest (31.2%), and the patients with isolated tissue (15.3%) or blood (12.0%) eosinophilia were relatively rare. Multiple logistic regression models found blood eosinophil count and tissue eosinophil percentage were independently associated with increased risk for poor disease control after adjustments for covariates related to poor treatment outcome. Furthermore, subjects with concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia had a higher risk for poor disease control than those with isolated blood or tissue eosinophilia. Conclusion: Concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia relates to a higher likelihood of poor disease control than isolated blood or tissue eosinophilia after adjustment of potential confounders in nasal polyp patients.


Assuntos
Eosinofilia , Pólipos Nasais , Rinite , Sinusite , Doença Crônica , Eosinófilos , Humanos
15.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(5): 838-842, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare and analyze the difference between the injuries of recreational skiers in public ski resorts and those of skiing athletes in official competitions, and to explore the suggestions of medical insurance for these two types of skiers. METHODS: The injury data of recreational skiers in Chongli District, Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province during 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 snow seasons, and the injury data of skiers in two official international skiing competitions during 2019-2020 snow season and domestic test events in Chongli District of 2021 Winter Olympic Games were analyzed retrospectively, and the similarities and differences were compared. RESULTS: A total of 1 187 injuries occurred to recreational skiers in the two public ski resorts during the 2018-2019 snow season, with an injury rate of 0.3%.There were 1 277 injury sites in total, and the most frequent injury sites were head and neck (230 cases, 18.0%), followed by knee joint (204 cases, 16.0%) and lower extremity (131 cases, 10.3%). Thirty-one skiers were injured in the two official international skiing competitions in the 2019-2020 and 2020-2021 snow season, and in the domestic test competitions in the 2021 Winter Olympic Games, and the injury rates were 11.5%, 17.2% and 12.0%, respectively. There were 37 injury sites in total, among which 11 (29.7%) were in the head and neck, followed by 6 (16.2%) in the knee joint and 5 (13.6%) in the chest, rib and abdomen. CONCLUSION: In order to better guarantee the safety of skiers and timely provide corresponding medical help, safety facilities and technical guidance should be added to the snow resort for leisure skiing, and medical stations should be set up in the snow resort. As the formal ski racing for skiing athletes during the game has 30 to 80 times higher injury ratesthan recreational skiers, and compared with the recreational skiing, head and neck injury rate is higher, and the damage is much heavier, more complete first aid facilities and experienced medical workers are, needed so the field should be equipped with the circuit inside the quantities, track fixed outside the clinic, surrounding referral hospitals set up trauma centers to provide athletes with more timely medical care.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Esqui , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Traumatologia
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(36): 2873-2877, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587727

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and factors associated with human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) infection in preterm infants within the first 2 years of life. Methods: Children with respiratory tract infections admitted to Shenzhen Children's Hospital during the 3-year period from January 2016 to December 2018 who were <2 years old and whose gestational age at birth was <37 weeks were selected, and those who met the diagnostic criteria for RSV infection were categorized as the positive case group, and those who had no detectable influenza virus, parainfluenza virus and adenovirus antigens were categorized as the negative group. The clinical characteristics of the case group were retrospectively analyzed. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to analyze the associated factors. Results: A total of 1, 483 children were included, of whom 149 (10.1%) were HRSV positive (case group) and 447 (30.1%) were in the negative group (control group). In the case group, there were 88 (59.1%) male and 61 (40.1%) female children; 127 children (85.2%) in the mild-to-moderate disease group and 22 children (14.8%) in the severe disease group. The number of cases in the severe disease group was greater than that in the mild-to-moderate disease group [(17 cases, 77.3%) than (59 cases, 46.5%)], with statistical significance (P=0.010). A total of 117 cases (78.5%) had onset from February to July. Multivariable analysis showed that males [OR (95%CI) of 0.105 (0.013-0.112)], age at month [0.045 (0.036-0.112)], congenital heart disease [0.388 (0.206-0.940)] and bronchopulmonary dysplasia [0.622 (0.484-0.927)] were positively associated with HRSV infection in preterm infants. Conclusion: The high prevalence of HRSV infection in preterm infants in Shenzhen is from February to July each year, and male children are more common. Young age, congenital heart disease and bronchopulmonary dysplasia are all independent risk factors for HRSV infection in preterm infants.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hospitalização , Hospitais Pediátricos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Masculino , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Mater Today Bio ; 11: 100124, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34458716

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate multiple physiological functions; however, the over-accumulation of ROS causes premature aging and/or death and is associated with various inflammatory conditions. Nevertheless, there are limited clinical treatment options that are currently available. The good news is that owing to the considerable advances in nanoscience, multiple types of nanomaterials with unique ROS-scavenging abilities that influence the temporospatial dynamic behaviors of ROS in biological systems have been developed. This has led to the emergence of next-generation nanomaterial-controlled strategies aimed at ameliorating ROS-related inflammatory conditions. Accordingly, herein we reviewed recent progress in research on nanotherapy based on ROS scavenging. The underlying mechanisms of the employed nanomaterials are emphasized. Furthermore, important issues in developing cross-disciplinary nanomedicine-based strategies for ROS-based inflammatory conditions are discussed. Our review of this increasing interdisciplinary field will benefit ongoing studies and clinical applications of nanomedicine based on ROS scavenging.

20.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(5): 446-450, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107582

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the time point when patients with fatty liver disease had a significantly higher risk of elevated fasting blood glucose than those without in the physical examination group in Karamay Central Hospital, factors affecting the incidence of elevated blood glucose in patients with fatty liver disease, and the influence of the number of influencing factors on it. Methods: Physical examination data from Karamay Central Hospital during September 2008 to April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Combined with the survival analysis, the 1-,3-, 5-, and 7-year prevalence rates of elevated fasting glucose occurs in people with and without fatty liver disease were analyzed. Z-test was used to compare the survival rate difference at each time point. Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: 10 802 people were in the fatty liver group. The elevated fasting blood glucose incidence density was 61/1 000 person-years, and the 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-year prevalence rates were 2%, 16%, 28%, and 38%, respectively. 29 579 people were in the non-fatty liver group. The elevated fasting blood glucose incidence density was 23/1000 person-years, and the 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-year prevalence rates were 1%, 7%, 11%, and 16%, respectively. The short-term and long-term elevated fasting blood glucose incidence risk were significantly higher in fatty liver group than non-fatty liver group(P < 0.001). The elevated fasting blood glucose incidence risk was apparently higher in fatty liver group than that of non-fatty liver group from the first year onward (P < 0.001). Age≥50 year's old (HR = 1.954, 95% CI :1.792-2.132), elevated body mass index (HR = 1.397, 95% CI : 1.198-1.629), blood pressure (HR = 1.284, 95% CI : 1.181-1.397), triglycerides (HR = 1.171, 95% CI: 1.077-1.274) were independent risk factors, which promoted the elevated fasting blood glucose incidence risk in patients with fatty liver disease. Fatty liver combined with the above 2, 3, and 4 risk factors had apparently increased the incidence risk of elevated fasting blood glucose (P < 0.001). Conclusion: People with fatty liver disease had a higher risk of elevated fasting blood glucose from the first year than those without. Age≥50 year's old, elevated blood pressure, body mass index and triglyceride might increase risk of elevated fasting blood glucose in patients with fatty liver disease, combined with the above 2,3 or 4 risk factors can increase the risk of elevated fasting blood glucose.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Jejum , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...