Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 536
Filtrar
2.
Microorganisms ; 9(2)2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669243

RESUMO

Mutual relationships with symbionts play a crucial role in the evolution and ecology of plant-feeding hemipteran insects. However, there was no specific dominant bacterium observed in soft scales (Coccidae) in the previous studies, it is still unclear whether soft scales have specific primary symbionts. In this study, a nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS)gene fragment was used to analyze the diversity of fungal communities in 28 Coccidae species based on next-generation sequencing (NGS). Furthermore, samples from different developmental stages of Ceroplastes japonicus were sequenced to illustrate the dynamics of fungal community. Our results showed that Coccidae-associated Ophiocordyceps fungi (COF) were prevalent in all 28 tested species with high relative abundance. Meanwhile, the first and second instars of C. japonicus, two important stages for growth and development, had high relative abundance of COF, while the relative abundances in other stages were low, ranging from 0.68% to 2.07%. The result of fluorescent in situ hybridization showed that the COF were widely present in hemolymph and vertically transmitted from mother to offspring. Our study confirms that the COF have intimate associations with the growth and development of soft scales, and provides new evidence to support that COF are primary fungal symbionts for Coccidae.

3.
Future Med Chem ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619989

RESUMO

Tuberculosis regimens currently applied in clinical practice require months of multidrug therapy, which imposes a major challenge of patient compliance and drug resistance development. Moreover, because of the increasing emergence of hard-to-treat tuberculosis, this disease continues to be a significant threat to the human population. 1,2,3-triazole as a privileged structure has been widely used as an effective template for drug discovery, and 1,2,3-triazole-containing hybrids that can simultaneously act on dual or multiple targets in Mycobacterium tuberculosis have the potential to circumvent drug resistance, enhance efficacy, reduce side effects and improve pharmacokinetic as well as pharmacodynamic profiles. Thus, 1,2,3-triazole-containing hybrids are useful scaffolds for the development of antitubercular agents. This review aims to highlight recent advances of 1,2,3-triazole-containing hybrids with potential activity against various forms of M. tuberculosis, covering articles published between 2015 and 2020. The structure-activity relationship and the mechanism of action are also discussed to facilitate further rational design of more effective drug candidates.

4.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605899

RESUMO

Studies have explored the assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes of Y-chromosome azoospermia factor c (AZFc) microdeletions, but the effect of sperm source on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) remains unknown. To determine the ART results of ICSI using testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm from males with AZFc microdeletions, we searched Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis. The first meta-analysis results for 106 cycles in five studies showed no significant differences in the live birth rate between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 0.97, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-1.28, P = 0.82). The second meta-analysis of 106 cycles in five studies showed no difference in the abortion rate between the testicular sperm group and ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.54-2.06, P = 0.87). The third meta-analysis of 386 cycles in seven studies showed no significant difference in clinical pregnancy rates between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.24, 95% CI: 0.66-2.34, P = 0.50). Inevitable heterogeneity weakened our results. However, our results indicated that testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm yield similar ART outcomes, representing a meaningful result for clinical treatment. More properly designed studies are needed to further confirm our conclusions.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 135, 2021 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420081

RESUMO

Since most variants that impact polygenic disease phenotypes localize to non-coding genomic regions, understanding the consequences of regulatory element variants will advance understanding of human disease mechanisms. Here, we report that the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) risk variant rs2431697 as likely causal for SLE through disruption of a regulatory element, modulating miR-146a expression. Using epigenomic analysis, genome-editing and 3D chromatin structure analysis, we show that rs2431697 tags a cell-type dependent distal enhancer specific for miR-146a that physically interacts with the miR-146a promoter. NF-kB binds the disease protective allele in a sequence-specific manner, increasing expression of this immunoregulatory microRNA. Finally, CRISPR activation-based modulation of this enhancer in the PBMCs of SLE patients attenuates type I interferon pathway activation by increasing miR-146a expression. Our work provides a strategy to define non-coding RNA functional regulatory elements using disease-associated variants and provides mechanistic links between autoimmune disease risk genetic variation and disease etiology.


Assuntos
Epigênese Genética/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico/genética , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Células HEK293 , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/transplante , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Cultura Primária de Células , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA-Seq , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 73, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The unicameral bone cyst (UBC) is a kind of benign tumor whose clinical treatments and efficacy are controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the elastic stable intramedullary nail (ESIN), the injection of autologous bone marrow (ABM), and the combination of ESIN and ABM in the treatment of bone cyst in children. METHODS: Eighty-three cases with simple bone cyst were analyzed retrospectively. Twenty-eight cases were treated with ABM. Twenty-eight cases were treated with ESIN. Twenty-seven cases were treated with ABM and ESIN. All cases were diagnosed through X-ray, CT, or MRI scans. For the suspicious ones, the pathological biopsy was performed for an accurate diagnosis. X-ray examinations were carried out for the postoperative follow-up. Capanna criteria for bone cyst was used for postoperative evaluation of three methods. RESULTS: All cases accomplished the follow-up. The effective rate of the ABM + ESIN group was significantly higher than that of the ABM group (P < 0.05), and the cure rates of the ESIN group and the ABM + ESIN group were higher than that of the ABM group (P < 0.05, respectively). The cure time in the ESIN group was lower than that of the other two groups (P < 0.05, respectively). The times for admission were 2.0 ± 0.0 in the ESIN group, 5.7 ± 1.9 in the ABM group, and 4.7 ± 2.4 in the ABM + ESIN group (P < 0.05 when compared with each other). CONCLUSIONS: The method of ABM combined with ESIN for children's bone cyst has the highest effective rate and curative rate. For the individual method, ESIN has a higher effective rate and curative rate than that of ABM. Meanwhile, it has the fewest time of hospitalization.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417441

RESUMO

A zinc acetate borate, [ZnAc]·[ZnBO3] (1), was synthesized under mild conditions; the B@Zn2O3 layer of 1 contains a 6-membered ring embedded with a rare BO3 unit. The layers are pillared by acetate ions to form a 3D framework. The pillared structure of 1 supplies enough space as a nanoreactor, and the related application of CO2-to-CO reduction has been confirmed.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24060, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429769

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Explore the predictive power of Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) for evaluating the prognosis of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatment on advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, and use it to construct a prediction model.We retrospectively analyzed 43 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C HCC who underwent TACE treatment.The survival time of 43 advanced HCC patients were 2 to 60 months, with the median survival time of 12 months, 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 42.9%, 9.0%, and 3.6%, respectively. The OS of patients with high level of CTCs before TACE (CTC1 > 2) was significantly lower than that of patients with low level of CTCs (8 vs 12 months, P = .040), but there was no significant difference in PFS between the 2 groups (P = .926). Meanwhile, there was no significant difference in OS and PFS between patients with high level CTCs and those with low level CTCs at 1 week and 4 weeks after TACE (P all > .05). In univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, the number of lesions and CTC before TACE were the independent influencing factors for prognosis in these patients, and the HR was 3.01 and 1.20, respectively (all P < .05). The area under curve of COX regression model to predict OS increased with the increase of follow-up time, ranging from 0.56 to 0.85.The CTCs number before TACE is an effective biomarker for predicting the OS of advanced HCC patients. The joint prediction model based on CTCs and tumor number can effectively predict the prognosis of patients with advanced HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/normas , Prognóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/fisiopatologia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0238085, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481789

RESUMO

Ratooning is an important cultivation practice in sugarcane production around the world, with underground buds on the remaining stalk acting as the source for establishment of a subsequent ratoon crop. However, the optimal depth of cutting during harvest in terms of yield and root growth remains unknown. We carried out a two-year field study to determine the effects of three cutting depths (0, 5 and 10 cm below the surface) ratoon cane root and yield. Results showed that cutting to a depth of 5 cm increased the root fresh weight and root volume by 21-59% and 41-127%, respectively, compared to cutting depths of 0 and 10 cm. Remarkably, cutting to a depth of 5 cm also had a significant effect on the development of fine roots, which is closely linked to cane yield. The effect was particularly noticeable in terms of two root traits, root volume and the surface area of roots with a diameter of 1.0-2.0mm, and root length and the number of root tips in roots with a diameter of 0-0.5mm. As a result, a cutting depth of 5 cm below the surface increased cane yield by 43 and 28% compared to depths of 0 and 10 cm below the surface, respectively. Overall, these findings suggest that a cutting depth of 5 cm is optimal in terms of sugarcane yield, largely due to the enhanced effect on root traits, especially the development of fine roots. These findings will help optimize sugarcane ratoon management and improve the ratoon cycle.

11.
Health Phys ; 120(4): 427-432, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350715

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The national status and dose trends on the occupational exposure to ionizing radiation in industrial practices for 2009-2018 in China are presented in terms of seven occupational categories. A total of 504,538 industrial radiation workers were monitored for the period 2009-2018, with a continuous increase in the number of workers from 23,789 in 2009 to 66,017 in 2018. The annual average effective doses were 0.399, 0.425, 0.392, 0.376, 0.346, 0.355, 0.312, 0.305, 0.270, and 0.230 mSv from 2009 to 2018, respectively, which were well lower than the recommended occupational dose limit of 20 mSv y-1 for radiation workers. The Mann-Kendall test result shows a statistically significant decreasing trend at a rate of 0.02 mSv y-1 in average annual effective doses (p<0.001). In addition, more than 95.4% of radiation workers in industrial practices received an average annual effective dose less than the public dose limit of 1 mSv. It was also found that the average annual effective doses in industrial radiography and well logging were significantly higher than those in five other categories (p<0.001). Based on these observations, it is still necessary to control and manage the workplace and radiation workers to control occupational exposure as low as reasonably achievable, especially for the workers engaged in these two activities.

12.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1142: 127-134, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280690

RESUMO

DNA methylation plays an important role in a variety of human diseases. Thus, accurately analyze 5-methylcytosine in different DNA segments is of great significance. Herein, we proposed a novel 3D matrixed DNA self-nanocatalyzer via gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) supporting DNA self-hybridization with hemin as biomimetic enzyme and methylene blue (MB) as electrochemical mediator, which was employed as an efficient electrochemical sensitizer for the ultrasensitive bioassay of DNA 5-methylcytosine. Meanwhile, the AuNPs, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was prepared as AuNPs/g-C3N4@rGO nanocomposites to coat on the electrode surface to immobilize the capture hairpin DNA (CH). In the presence of target DNA with 5-methylcytosine, the target DNA could hybridize with CH via the hyperstable triple-helix formation. Based on the specific biorecognition between biotin and streptavidin and immune recognition between anti-5-methylcytosine antibodies and 5-methylcytosine sites on the target DNA, the 3D matrixed DNA self-nanocatalyzer could be captured onto the electrode surface to generate an amplified electrochemical signal related to the concentration of 5-methylcytosine. Under the optimal conditions, the proposed strategy performed a linear range from 10-17 M to 10-8 M with a detection limit of 8.6 aM. Remarkably, this strategy could be expanded easily to various biomarkers, including protein, DNA, phosphorylation and glycosylation, providing a promising strategy for clinical diagnosis and mechanism investigation of various diseases.

13.
Metabolism ; 114: 154412, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The delayed repair process in the aging diabetic population is becoming an alarming public health concern. ICAM-1 plays an important role in orchestrating the repair process by mediating neutrophil recruitment and phagocytosis. However, little is known about the role of ICAM-1 in aging diabetic repair. METHODS: By causing injury in aging diabetic mice with ICAM-1 deletion (AD-ICAM-1-/-), we found that AD-ICAM-1-/- mice exhibited a delayed repair process with incomplete re-epithelialization and reduced angiogenesis. Additionally, high-throughput Illumina sequencing was performed to evaluate the microbiota of such mice. RESULTS: The results indicate that the microbiota of the AD-ICAM-1-/- injury site differed taxonomically at both the phylum and genus levels. Neutrophil recruitment and phagocytic function were also reduced in the AD-ICAM-1-/- group. Notably, major inflammatory biomarker expression was also detected in AD-ICAM-1-/- injured tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study demonstrated that AD-ICAM-1-/- mice exhibit delayed repair. In addition, neutrophil recruitment and phagocytic activity were impaired in the AD-ICAM-1-/- group, which may have allowed microbes to colonize the injury site.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/fisiologia , Animais , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microbiota , Fagocitose/fisiologia
14.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 324, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1) plays a central role in the progression of tumor and tumor immunity. However, the effect of FSTL1 on the prognosis and immune infiltration of gastric cancer (GC) remains to be elucidated. METHODS: The expression of FSTL1 data was analyzed in Oncomine and TIMER databases. Analyses of clinical parameters and survival data were conducted by Kaplan-Meier plotter and immunohistochemistry. Western blot assay and real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) were used to analyze protein and mRNA expression, respectively. The correlations between FSTL1 and cancer immune infiltrates were analyzed by Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIME), Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), and LinkedOmics database. RESULTS: The expression of FSTL1 was significantly higher in GC tissues than in normal tissues, and bioinformatic analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC) indicated that high FSTL1 expression significantly correlated with poor prognosis in GC. Moreover, FSTL1 was predicted as an independent prognostic factor in GC patients. Bioinformatics analysis results suggested that FSTL1 mainly involved in tumor progression and tumor immunity. And significant correlations were found between FSTL1 expression and immune cell infiltration in GC. CONCLUSIONS: The study effectively revealed useful information about FSTL1 expression, prognostic values, potential functional networks, and impact of tumor immune infiltration in GC. In summary, FSTL1 can be used as a biomarker for prognosis and evaluating immune cell infiltration in GC.

16.
Radiat Prot Dosimetry ; 191(3): 376-381, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188429

RESUMO

The registry and analysis of occupational exposure is significant for radiation protection against ionising radiation. This paper presents the current status of the 'Chinese Registry of Radiation Workers (CRRW)' and trends as well as the distribution of occupational exposure to ionising radiation in China from 2009 to 2018. A database with total 6.6 million monitoring records from 820 000 workers in 85 000 radiation units for medical uses, industrial uses and miscellaneous uses is established by the CRRW. The Mann-Kendall test shows statistically significant decreasing trends of average annual effective dose for the total, medical uses and industrial uses (p < 0.01), by 0.035, 0.042 and 0.020 mSv/y, respectively. The average annual effective dose for the monitored workers is 0.403 mSv for the 10-y period. More than 96.1% of the monitored workers receive annual doses less than the limit for public exposure (1 mSv) in 2018. The annual average effective dose in medical uses is significantly higher than industrial uses and miscellaneous uses (p < 0.05/3 = 0.017). In 2018, the annual collective dose of 107.41 man·Sv is received by 378 428 monitored workers, with medical uses as the dominant contributor. These observations could be a result of improvements in radiation protection practices in China. However, it is still necessary to take rigorous and continuous surveillance and radiation protection measures, to keep individual dose as low as reasonably achievable, especially for those found to receive relatively higher doses in medical uses.

18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 10: 585198, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194823

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fcimb.2015.00026.].

19.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179712

RESUMO

Semiconducting compounds with high photostability and excellent photothermal ability are potential candidates for phototheranostics. In this paper, the heavy atom free compound 3,6-bis(5-(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)furan-2-yl)-2,5-bis(2-octyldodecyl)pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4(2H,5H)-dione (denoted as DPPCz) has been designed and synthesized through a C-H activation coupling reaction. DPPCz has a high singlet oxygen quantum yield (1O2 QY) of 40.3% in DCM. In addition, DPPCz NPs obtained by nanoprecipitation exhibit a high photothermal conversion efficiency (48.2%) in water. DPPCz NPs have a low half inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 7.1 µg mL-1 towards human lung cancer cells (A549) with irradiation while the dark toxicity is almost negligible even at high concentrations. Furthermore, in vivo photothermal imaging guided study demonstrates that these NPs are able to inhibit tumor growth with the help of laser. The H&E stained pictures of the normal tissues indicate the biosafety of DPPCz NPs in that no obvious damage was observed. Our results demonstrate that DPPCz NPs are potential semiconducting photosensitizers for phototheranostics.

20.
Front Oncol ; 10: 574889, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33134173

RESUMO

Background and purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of dose-guided adaptive radiotherapy (ART) based on deformable image registration (DIR) using fractional megavoltage cone-beam CT (MVCBCT) images from Halcyon system that uses identical beams for treatment and imaging and to retrospectively investigate the influence of anatomic changes on target coverage and organ-at-risk (OAR) sparing across various tumor sites. Materials and Methods: Four hundred twenty-two MVCBCT images from 16 patients (three head and neck, seven thoracic, three abdominal, and three pelvic cases) treated in a phase II clinical trial for Halcyon were selected. DIR between the planning CT and daily MVCBCT image was implemented by Velocity software to create pseudo CT. To investigate the accuracy of dose calculation on pseudo CT, three evaluation patients with rescanned CT and adaptive plans were selected. Dose distribution of adaptive plans calculated on pseudo CT was compared with that calculated on the rescanned planning CT on the three evaluation patients. To investigate the impact of inter-fractional anatomic changes on target dose coverage and dose to OARs of the 16 patients, fractional dose was calculated and accumulated incrementally based on deformable registration between planning CT and daily MVCBCT images. Results: Passing rates using 3 mm/3%/10% threshold local gamma analysis were 93.04, 96.00, and 91.68%, respectively, for the three evaluation patients between the reconstructed dose on pseudo CT (MVCBCT) and rescanned CT, where accumulated dose deviations of over 97% voxels were smaller than 0.5 Gy. Planning target volume (PTV) D95% and D90% (the minimum dose received by at least 95/90% of the volume) of the accumulated dose could be as low as 93.8 and 94.5% of the planned dose, respectively. OAR overdose of various degrees were observed in the 16 patients relative to the planned dose. In most cases, OARs' dose volume histogram (DVH) lines of accumulated and planned dose were very close to each other if not overlapping. Among cases with visible deviations, the differences were bilateral without apparent patterns specific to tumor sites or organs. Conclusion: As a confidence building measure, this simulation study suggested the possibility of ART for Halcyon based on DIR between planning CT and MVCBCT. Preliminary clinical data suggested the benefit of patient-specific dose reconstruction and ART to avoid unacceptable target underdosage and OAR overdosage.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...