Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 637
Filtrar
1.
Hortic Res ; 10(1): uhac214, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643741

RESUMO

Fruit color is an important horticultural trait, which greatly affects consumer preferences. In tomato, fruit color is determined by the accumulation of different pigments, such as carotenoids in the pericarp and flavonoids in the peel, along with the degradation of chlorophyll during fruit ripening. Since fruit color is a multigenic trait, it takes years to introgress all color-related genes in a single genetic background via traditional crossbreeding, and the avoidance of linkage drag during this process is difficult. Here, we proposed a rapid breeding strategy to generate tomato lines with different colored fruits from red-fruited materials by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated multiplex gene editing of three fruit color-related genes (PSY1, MYB12, and SGR1). Using this strategy, the red-fruited cultivar 'Ailsa Craig' has been engineered to a series of tomato genotypes with different fruit colors, including yellow, brown, pink, light-yellow, pink-brown, yellow-green, and light green. Compared with traditional crossbreeding, this strategy requires less time and can obtain transgene-free plants with different colored fruits in less than 1 year. Most importantly, it does not alter other important agronomic traits, like yield and fruit quality. Our strategy has great practical potential for tomato breeding and serves as a reference for improving multigene-controlled traits of horticultural crops.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649093

RESUMO

For the construction of halide perovskite-based photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensors in aqueous solution, the balance between retaining the excellent photoelectric performances of the halide perovskite and the protective modification of the halide perovskite has always been a challenging problem. In this work, a simple and sensitive photoelectrochemical biosensor based on inorganic halide perovskite CsPbBr3 as the photoactive material for the detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was reported. The substrate sodium thiophosphate (Na3SPO3) can be catalyzed by ALP to produce hydrogen sulfide (H2S), which can react with the lead site on the surface of the CsPbBr3 film to form lead sulfide (PbS), resulting in a stable heterostructure and enhanced photocurrent intensity. The possible mechanism of enhanced photocurrent response of CsPbBr3/PbS heterojunctions was studied in detail. This work paves a new way for applying halide perovskites in different biosensor designs.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623605

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the era of immunotherapy, the treatment for bulky locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) remains challenging. This study explored the feasibility of induction immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) plus chemotherapy before definitive chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for bulky LA-NSCLC. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with bulky unresectable stage III NSCLC (primary tumor ≥ 5 cm in greatest dimension or metastatic lymph nodes ≥ 2 cm in shortest diameter) receiving ICI and chemotherapy before CRT from 2018 to 2022 were identified. Survival outcomes and toxicity were analyzed. Radiotherapy plans on CT images before and after 2 cycles of induction chemoimmunotherapy were simulated to evaluate dosimetric impact. RESULTS: Seventy-five patients were included. One- and 2-year overall-survival (OS) rates were 91.5% (95% CI, 85.2-98.3) and 75.1% (95% CI, 64.1-88.0), respectively. One- and 2-year progression-free-survival (PFS) rates were 85.8% (95% CI, 78.0-94.4) and 64.2% (95% CI, 52.5-78.6), respectively. Median OS was not reached (NR). Median PFS was 30.6 months (95% CI, 25.9-NR). Grade 2 and ≥ 3 pneumonitis occurred in 26.7% and 9.3%, respectively. Grade ≥ 3 pneumonitis significantly related to poorer OS (P=0.003) and PFS (P=0.018). Treatment discontinuation was significantly associated with shorter OS (P=0.023) and PFS (P=0.047). Patients with consolidation ICI exhibited numerically better OS than those without consolidation ICI (2-year OS 85.8% versus 64.2%, P=0.170). Objective response rate was 76.1% for induction treatment and 86.7% for induction treatment plus CRT. Disease control rate after 2 cycles of induction therapy was significantly greater that after 4 (P=0.046) or more cycles (P=0.025). Simulated radiation plans indicated all target volumes, mean lung dose, lung V5, V20, and V30 significantly decreased after 2 cycles (all P<0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Two cycles of induction ICI plus chemotherapy before definitive CRT are feasible for bulky LA-NSCLC, with significant tumor reduction and normal lung protection. Further investigations on CRT combined with induction and consolidation ICI are warranted.

4.
J Org Chem ; 88(1): 272-284, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521048

RESUMO

A facile and efficient catalyst-/metal-/oxidant-free DBU-promoted deaminative thiolation reaction of 1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-amines and benzo[d]oxazol-2-amines has been developed at room temperature conditions in a one-pot protocol. This practical three-component strategy represents a novel and environmentally friendly reaction pathway toward the straightforward synthesis of various 2-thio-1H-benzo[d]imidazoles and 2-thiobenzo[d]oxazoles using carbon disulfide as a sulfur source through C-N bond cleavage and C-S bond formation process. Different types of 1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-amines, benzo[d]oxazol-2-amines, and organic bromides are suitable substrates. The gram-scale and late-stage modification experiments provide the potential applications based on this methodology in the field of organic and medicinal chemistry.

5.
Plant Cell ; 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471914

RESUMO

Fruit ripening relies on the precise spatiotemporal control of RNA polymerase II (Pol II)-dependent gene transcription, and the evolutionarily conserved Mediator (MED) coactivator complex plays an essential role in this process. In tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), a model climacteric fruit, ripening is tightly coordinated by ethylene and several key transcription factors. However, the mechanism underlying the transmission of context-specific regulatory signals from these ripening-related transcription factors to the Pol II transcription machinery remains unknown. Here, we report the mechanistic function of MED25, a subunit of the plant Mediator transcriptional coactivator complex, in controlling the ethylene-mediated transcriptional program during fruit ripening. Multiple lines of evidence indicate that MED25 physically interacts with the master transcription factors of the ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE 3 (EIN3)/EIN3-LIKE (EIL) family, thereby playing an essential role in pre-initiation complex (PIC) formation during ethylene-induced gene transcription. We also show that MED25 forms a transcriptional module with EIL1 to regulate the expression of ripening-related regulatory as well as structural genes through promoter binding. Furthermore, the EIL1-MED25 module orchestrates both positive and negative feedback transcriptional circuits, along with its downstream regulators, to fine-tune ethylene homeostasis during fruit ripening.

6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1039929, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466893

RESUMO

B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is the most common childhood malignancy. The cure rate has reached 90% after conventional chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), but the prognosis of patients with relapsed and refractory (R/R) leukemia is still poor after conventional treatment. Since FDA approved CD19 CAR-T cell (Kymriah) for the treatment of R/R B-ALL, increasing studies have been conducted on CAR-T cells for R/R ALL. Herein, we report the treatment of a patient with ALL who relapsed after allogeneic HSCT, had a complete remission (CR) to murine scFv CD19 CAR-T but relapsed 15 months later. Partial response was achieved after humanized CD19 CAR-T treatment, and the patient finally achieved disease-free survival after sequential CD22 CAR-T treatment. By comparing the treatment results of different CAR-T cells in the same patient, this case suggests that multiple CAR-T therapies are effective and safe in intramedullary and extramedullary recurrence in the same patient, and the expansion of CAR-T cells and the release of inflammatory cytokines are positively correlated with their efficacy. However, further clinical studies with large sample sizes are still needed for further clarification.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Criança , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Antígenos CD19 , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal
7.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(24)2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556573

RESUMO

Understanding the noncovalent (weak) interactions between asphaltene molecules is crucial to further comprehending the viscosity and aggregation behavior of asphaltenes. In the past, intermolecular interactions were characterized indirectly by calculating the radial distribution function and the numerical distribution of distances/angles between atoms, which are far less intuitive than the average reduced density gradient (aRDG) method. This study selected three representative asphaltene molecules (AsphalteneO, AsphalteneT, and AsphalteneY) to investigate the relationship between viscosity and weak intermolecular interactions. Firstly, a non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulation was employed to calculate the shear viscosities of these molecules and analyze their aggregation behaviors. In addition, the types of weak intermolecular interactions of asphaltene were visualized by the aRDG method. Finally, the stability of the weak intermolecular interactions was analyzed by the thermal fluctuation index (TFI). The results indicate that AsphalteneY has the highest viscosity. The aggregation behavior of AsphalteneO is mainly face-face stacking, while AsphalteneT and AsphalteneY associate mainly via offset stacking and T-shaped stacking. According to the aRDG analysis, the weak interactions between AshalteneT molecules are similar to those between AshalteneO molecules, mainly due to van der Waals interactions and steric hindrance effects. At the same time, there is a strong attraction between AsphalteneY molecules. Additionally, the results of the TFI analysis show that the weak intermolecular interactions of the three types of asphaltene molecules are relatively stable and not significantly affected by thermal motion. Our results provide a new method for better understanding asphaltene molecules' viscosity and aggregation behavior.

8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(24)2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36559952

RESUMO

Illegal transshipment of maritime ships is usually closely related to illegal activities such as smuggling, human trafficking, piracy plunder, and illegal fishing. Intelligent identification of illegal transshipment has become an important technical means to ensure the safety of maritime transport. However, due to different geographical environments, legal policies and regulatory requirements in each sea area, there are differences in the movement characteristics and geographical distribution of illegal transshipment behavior in different time and space. Moreover, in areas with dense traffic flow, normal navigation behavior can easily be identified as illegal transshipment, resulting in a high rate of misidentification. This paper proposes a hybrid rule-based and data-driven approach to solve the problem of missing identification in fixed threshold methods and introduces a traffic density feature to reduce the misidentification rate in dense traffic areas. The method is both interpretable and adaptable through unsupervised clustering to get suitable threshold distribution combination for regulatory sea areas. The evaluation results in two different sea areas show that the proposed method is applicable. Compared with other widely used identification methods, this method identifies more illegal transshipment events, which are highly suspicious, and gives warning much earlier. The proposed method can even filter out misidentification events from compared methods' results, which account for more than half of the total number.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Navios , Humanos
9.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 8(1): 135, 2022 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36585415

RESUMO

The development of novel anti-HER2 drugs opens new treatment options for women with breast cancers, including lower expression of HER2. The epidemiology and clinical outcome of metastatic HER2-low breast cancer remain not well described. We designed a retrospective cohort study of the 2010-2017 National Cancer Database (NCDB) was designed to compare the overall survival of HER2-low and HER2-zero de novo metastatic breast cancer with systemic therapy. Multivariable Cox regression models were performed to estimate hazard ratios (HR), adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors. A total of 20,636 of 30,929 (66.7%) patients were HER2-low and 10,293 (33.3%) were HER2-zero. When stratified by hormonal receptor status, HER2-low tumors account for 18,066 (69.7%) cases in HR+/HER2- population and 2570 (51.4%) cases in HR-/HER2- population. The prevalence of HER2-low tumors was similar across racial groups with a slightly lower prevalence among the Hispanic population. Women with HER2-low tumors had longer overall survival (OS) than women with Her2-zero tumors in both HR-positive (median OS 39.0 months vs. 37.1 months; adjusted HR: 0.95, 95%CI (0.91-0.98)) and HR-negative groups (median OS 15.8 months vs. 14.1 months; adjusted HR: 0.92 95%CI (0.86-0.98)). The survival advantage was primarily observed in patients who received chemotherapy as their first line of treatment (HR 0.92 95%CI (0.88-0.96) vs. 0.99 95%CI (0.94-1.04), p-interaction = 0.04). In summary, HER2-low tumors, irrespective of hormone receptor status, have better survival than HER2-zero tumors in the de-novo metastatic setting. The survival advantage was primarily observed in patients who received chemotherapy in the first line.

10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21642, 2022 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36517540

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of opportunistic screening for osteoporosis in postmenopausal females using the dual-energy CT(DECT)-derived hydroxyapatite (HAP) concentration and CT value of L1-vertebra. 239 consecutive postmenopausal female patients were enrolled and underwent both chest DECT and Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). According to the T-score of the 1st lumbar vertebra on DXA, patients were divided into the osteoporosis group (T [Formula: see text]- 2.5, n = 112) and non-osteoporosis group (T [Formula: see text] - 2.5, n = 127). The HAP values of the 1st lumbar vertebra were measured from the coronal-view HAP(Fat)-based material decomposition(MD) images, and CT values were measured on the 75 keV monochromatic image. The cutoff values of using HAP and CT value for diagnosing osteoporosis were obtained by drawing receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Both HAP and CT value of the 1st lumbar vertebra had moderate-high correlation with bone-mineral-density measurement on DXA (HAP, r = 0.614; CT value, r = 0.625; all p < 0.01). The area-under-the-curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV for diagnosing osteoporosis was 0.754, 0.714, 0.693, 0.68 and 0.752 using HAP (cutoff value: 142.05 mg/cm3) and 0.766, 0.741, 0.7, 0.685 and 0.754 using CT value (cutoff value: 132HU), respectively. HAP measurements on HAP(Fat)-based MD images in DECT could provide reasonably accurate BMD quantification for diagnosing osteoporosis in postmenopausal females. DECT prescribed for lung cancer screening could also provide opportunistic screening for osteoporosis, extending the clinical application of DECT without additional radiation to patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Durapatita , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Pós-Menopausa , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Densidade Óssea , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Tórax , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(1): 85-96, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545964

RESUMO

To decipher the organizational logic of complex brain circuits, it is important to chart long-distance pathways while preserving micron-level accuracy of local network. However, mapping the neuronal projections with individual-axon resolution in the large and complex primate brain is still challenging. Herein, we describe a highly efficient pipeline for three-dimensional mapping of the entire macaque brain with subcellular resolution. The pipeline includes a novel poly-N-acryloyl glycinamide (PNAGA)-based embedding method for long-term structure and fluorescence preservation, high-resolution and rapid whole-brain optical imaging, and image post-processing. The cytoarchitectonic information of the entire macaque brain was acquired with a voxel size of 0.32 µm × 0.32 µm × 10 µm, showing its anatomical structure with cell distribution, density, and shape. Furthermore, thanks to viral labeling, individual long-distance projection axons from the frontal cortex were for the first time reconstructed across the entire brain hemisphere with a voxel size of 0.65 µm × 0.65 µm × 3 µm. Our results show that individual cortical axons originating from the prefrontal cortex simultaneously target multiple brain regions, including the visual cortex, striatum, thalamus, and midbrain. This pipeline provides an efficient method for cellular and circuitry investigation of the whole macaque brain with individual-axon resolution, and can shed light on brain function and disorders.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional , Macaca , Animais , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Axônios/fisiologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(24)2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556736

RESUMO

The high strength of 300M steel originates from the heat treatment process after forging, but how hot deformation affects the heat-treated microstructure and mechanical properties is unclear. In this study, compression tests under different hot deformation parameters and post-deformation heat treatment experiments were carried out, and the martensite transformation process was investigated using in situ observation. The results show that the grain size of the specimen deformed at low temperature and high strain rate is smaller, and annealing twins will be formed. Both austenite grain boundaries and twin boundaries hinder the growth of martensite blocks, reducing the size of martensite units after heat treatment and thus resulting in higher yield strength. Besides, the mathematical models were established to describe the relationship between hot deformation parameters and grain size after deformation, martensite packet size and martensite block width, respectively, after heat treatment. The relationship between yield strength and hot deformation parameters was also analyzed. According to the results and models, the hot deformation parameters would be optimized more reasonably to improve the final mechanical properties of 300M steel forgings.

13.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 1019789, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389146

RESUMO

Blastocystis is a genus of single-celled protist belonging to the stramenopile group. Prior studies have shown that isolates of Blastocystis subtype 7 (ST7) induced higher levels of intestinal epithelial cell damage and gut microbiota dysbiosis in comparison to other subtypes in in vivo and in vitro settings. Prior research has shown a link between gut dysbiosis and exposure to extracellular vesicles (EVs) produced by pathogenic microorganisms. This study demonstrates a protocol for the isolation of EVs from Blastocystis ST7 via ultracentrifugation. Nanoparticle tracking analysis and transmission electron microscopy were used to assess EV size and morphology. The protein content of isolated EVs was assessed by mass spectrophotometry and the presence of EV markers were evaluated by Western blotting. Finally, the EVs were cocultured with prominent human gut microbiome species to observe their effect on prokaryote growth. Our data shows that Blastocystis ST7 secretes EVs that are similar in morphology to previously characterized EVs from other organisms and that these EVs contain a limited yet unique protein cargo with functions in host-parasite intercellular communication and cell viability. This cargo may be involved in mediating the effects of Blastocystis on its surrounding environment.


Assuntos
Blastocystis , Vesículas Extracelulares , Parasitos , Animais , Humanos , Disbiose , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Ultracentrifugação , Proteínas/metabolismo
14.
Microorganisms ; 10(11)2022 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363735

RESUMO

Postharvest soft rot of kiwifruit has resulted in substantial market losses, yet there were few antagonistic yeasts reported to control the disease. This study screened 1113 yeast strains for potential antagonistic yeast to control soft rot of kiwifruit caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea and Diaporthe&nbsp;actinidiae, and strain 37 was selected to evaluate the control efficacy and mechanisms, which was identified as Meyerozyma guilliermondii via molecular biological identification. Our results showed that M. guilliermondii 37 effectively reduced pathogen spore germination rate to 28.52% and decay incidence of inoculated kiwifruit to 42.11% maximumly, whereas cell-free supernatant lacked antifungal activity, implying that M. guilliermondii 37 didn't produce direct antifungal compounds against the two pathogens. In addition, M. guilliermondii 37 adhered tenaciously to the pathogens' mycelium and colonized rapidly in kiwifruit flesh. Moreover, yeast strain 37 induced kiwifruit resistance by elevating the defense-related enzyme activity, increasing the antioxidant substances content, and suppressing the cell wall-degrading enzyme activity. Gene expression was consistent with the corresponding enzyme activity. Further postharvest yeast immersion treatment significantly reduced natural decay to 35.69% while maintaining soft-ripe quality. These results indicated that M. guilliermondii 37 might serve as a biocontrol agent against postharvest soft rot in kiwifruit.

15.
Front Oncol ; 12: 998238, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439431

RESUMO

Background: It is still uncertain whether the newly released eighth American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) post-neoadjuvant pathologic (yp) tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage for esophageal carcinoma can perform well regarding patient stratification. The current study aimed to assess the prognostication ability of the eighth AJCC ypTNM staging system and attempted to explore how to facilitate the staging system for more effective evaluation of prognosis. Materials and methods: A total of 486 patients treated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy (nRT/CRT) were enrolled. ypN stage was reclassified by recursive partitioning. Prognostic performance, monotonicity, homogeneity, and discriminatory of yp and modified yp (myp) staging systems were assessed by time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC), linear trend log-rank test, likelihood ratio χ2 test, Harrell's c statistic, and Akaike information criterion (AIC). Results: The ypT stage, ypN stage, and pathologic response were significant prognostic factors of overall survival. Survival was not discriminated well using the eighth AJCC ypN stage and ypTNM stage. Recursive partitioning reclassified mypN0-N2 as metastasis in 0, 1-2, and ≥3 regional lymph nodes. Applying the ypT stage, mypN stage, and pathologic response to construct the myp staging system, the myp stage performed better in time-dependent ROC, linear trend log-rank test, likelihood ratio χ2 test, Harrell's c statistic, and AIC. Conclusions: The eighth AJCC ypTNM staging system performed well in differentiating prognosis to some extent. By reclassifying the ypN stage and enrolling pathologic response as a staging element, the myp staging system holds significant potential for prognostic discrimination.

16.
Front Surg ; 9: 905946, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439544

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effect of the intermediate pedicle screws and their insertion depth on sagittal balance and functional outcomes of lumbar fracture. Methods: This study reviewed 1,123 patients with lumbar fractures between January 2015 and June 2019, and 97 patients were ultimately enrolled in this study: Group A: 32 patients in the four-pedicle screws fixation group; Group B: 28 patients in the six-pedicle screws fixation with long intermediate pedicle screws group; Group C: 37 patients in the six-pedicle screws fixation with short intermediate pedicle screws group. The radiographic outcomes were assessed with lumbar lordosis (LL), segmental lordosis (SL), fractured vertebral lordosis (FL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic incidence (PI), and pelvic tilt (PT). The visual analog scale (VAS) and the Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores were used for assessing functional outcomes. Results: The PI, PT, and SS showed no significant differences between the three groups (P > 0.05). Compared with Group A, Groups B and C showed better FL, SL, and LL 1 month after operation (5.96 ± 1.67/4.81 ± 1.49 vs. 8.78 ± 2.90, 24.39 ± 3.80/23.70 ± 4.10 vs. 20.09 ± 3.33, 39.07 ± 3.61/39.51 ± 3.23 vs. 36.41 ± 3.11, P < 0.05) and at final follow-up (8.75 ± 1.40/6.78 ± 1.70 vs. 11.31 ± 2.61, 22.11 ± 3.39/23.70 ± 4.10 vs. 17.66 ± 2.60, 38.04 ± 3.49/39.51 ± 3.23 vs. 35.41 ± 3.11, P < 0.05). The FL of Group C were significantly better than those of Group B 1 month after operation (4.81 ± 1.49 vs. 5.96 ± 1.67, P < 0.05) and at final follow-up (6.78 ± 1.70 vs. 8.75 ± 1.40, P < 0.05). No significant differences in VAS and ODI were found between Group A and Group B (P > 0.05). There were also no significant differences in VAS and ODI between Group A and Group C (P > 0.05). However, The VAS and ODI of Group C showed better than Group B 1 month after operation (3.05 ± 0.70 vs. 3.54 ± 0.79, 17.65 ± 3.41 vs. 19.71 ± 2.35, P < 0.05) and at final follow-up (2.19 ± 0.46 vs. 2.57 ± 0.57, 13.81 ± 2.20 vs. 15.57 ± 1.73, P < 0.05). Conclusions: Both four-pedicle screw fixation and six-pedicle screw fixation were effective in treating lumbar fracture. However, six-pedicle screw fixation with short intermediate pedicle screws showed better radiographic and functional outcomes after surgery. Therefore, we recommend six-pedicle screws fixation with short intermediate pedicle screws for the long-term recovery of sagittal balance and function.

17.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic performance of a novel deep learning (DL) method based on T2-weighted imaging with the vesical imaging-reporting and data system (VI-RADS) in predicting muscle invasion in bladder cancer (MIBC). METHODS: A total of 215 tumours (129 for training and 31 for internal validation, centre 1; 55 for external validation, centre 2) were included. MIBC was confirmed by pathological examination. VI-RADS scores were provided by two groups of radiologists (readers 1 and readers 2) independently. A deep convolutional neural network was constructed in the training set, and validation was conducted on the internal and external validation sets. ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the performance for MIBC diagnosis. RESULTS: The AUCs of the DL model, readers 1, and readers 2 were as follows: in the internal validation set, 0.963, 0.843, and 0.852, respectively; in the external validation set, 0.861, 0.808, and 0.876, respectively. The accuracy of the DL model in the tumours scored VI-RADS 2 or 3 was higher than that of radiologists in the external validation set: for readers 1, 0.886 vs. 0.600, p = 0.006; for readers 2, 0.879 vs. 0.636, p = 0.021. The average processing time (38 s and 43 s in two validation sets) of the DL method was much shorter than the readers, with a reduction of over 100 s in both validation sets. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to radiologists using VI-RADS, the DL method had a better diagnostic performance, shorter processing time, and robust generalisability, indicating good potential for diagnosing MIBC. KEY POINTS: • The DL model shows robust performance for MIBC diagnosis in both internal and external validation. • The diagnostic performance of the DL model in the tumours scored VI-RADS 2 or 3 is better than that obtained by radiologists using VI-RADS. • The DL method shows potential in the preoperative assessment of MIBC.

18.
ACS Omega ; 7(45): 41667-41677, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406509

RESUMO

Alpha-hemihydrate phosphogypsum (α-HPG) is a cementitious material obtained by dehydration of phosphogypsum (PG), a byproduct of phosphoric acid production. Poor water resistance of α-HPG has usually restricted its application in construction materials. In this study, hydroxy-terminated polydimethylsiloxane (H-PDMS) and Portland cement (PC) were used for the hydrophobic modification of α-HPG. The fluidity, setting times, compressive strength, flexural strength, ratio of compressive to flexural strength, water absorption rate, softening coefficient, pore structure, chemical information, and microstructure of the samples were measured to evaluate the modification effect of H-PDMS and PC. The results showed that H-PDMS and PC significantly improved waterproof properties of α-HPG and reduced its porosity, total pore area, and pore diameter. Specifically, PC provided the reactive group -OH that reacted with H-PDMS. Also, due to the coverage of hydrophobic -CH3 groups, PG was given an overall hydrophobicity with a contact angle of 134° (1.5% H-PDMS). H-HPG (H-PDMS- and PC-modified α-HPG) hydrophobic material can be used in building materials with waterproof requirements and achieve the comprehensive utilization of solid waste PG.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395130

RESUMO

A large number of experimental studies have shown that circRNAs can act as molecular sponges of microRNAs, interacting with miRNAs to regulate gene expression levels, thereby affecting the development of human diseases. Exploring the potential associations between circRNAs and miRNAs can help understand complex disease mechanisms. Considering that biological experiments are time-consuming and labor-intensive, this study proposes a computational model using a graph neural network and singular value decomposition (CMASG) for circRNA-miRNA association prediction. Specifically, graph neural networks are used to learn nonlinear feature representations of nodes, followed by matrix factorization algorithms to learn linear feature representations of nodes, and then combined feature representations learned from different perspectives. Finally, the lightGBM algorithm was used for circRNA-miRNA association prediction. The proposed CMASG model achieved an AUC value of 0.8804. The experimental results demonstrate the superiority and effectiveness of the CMASG model in predicting circRNA-miRNA association tasks.

20.
J Chem Inf Model ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413746

RESUMO

Many studies have confirmed that microRNAs (miRNAs) are mediated in the sensitivity of tumor cells to anticancer drugs. MiRNAs are emerging as a type of promising therapeutic targets to overcome drug resistance. However, there is limited attention paid to the computational prediction of the associations between miRNAs and drug sensitivity. In this work, we proposed a heterogeneous network-based representation learning method to predict miRNA-drug sensitivity associations (DGNNMDA). An miRNA-drug heterogeneous network was constructed by integrating miRNA similarity network, drug similarity network, and experimentally validated miRNA-drug sensitivity associations. Next, we developed a dual-channel heterogeneous graph neural network model to perform feature propagation among the homogeneous and heterogeneous nodes so that our method can learn expressive representations for miRNA and drug nodes. On two benchmark datasets, our method outperformed other seven competitive methods. We also verified the effectiveness of the feature propagations on homogeneous and heterogeneous nodes. Moreover, we have conducted two case studies to verify the reliability of our methods and tried to reveal the regulatory mechanism of miRNAs mediated in drug sensitivity. The source code and datasets are freely available at https://github.com/19990915fzy/DGNNMDA.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...