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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003021

RESUMO

The activity of Rho-specific guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor α (RhoGDIα) is regulated by its own phosphorylation at different amino acid sites. These phosphorylation sites may have a crucial role in local Rho GTPases activation during cell migration. This paper is designed to explore the influence of phosphorylation on shear stress-induced spatial RhoGDIα activation. Based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer biosensor sl-RhoGDIα, which was constructed to test the RhoGDIα activity in living cells, new RhoGDIα phosphomimetic mutation (sl-S101E/S174E, sl-Y156E, sl-S101E, sl-S174E) and phosphorylation-deficient mutation (sl-S101A/S174A, sl-Y156A, sl-S101A, sl-S174A) biosensors were designed to test their effects on RhoGDIα activation upon shear stress application in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The results showed lower RhoGDIα activity at the downstream of HUVECs (the region from the edge of the nucleus to the edge of the cell along with the flow). The overall decrease in RhoGDIα activity was inhibited by Y156A-mutant, whereas the polarized RhoGDIα and Rac1 activity were blocked by S101A/S174A mutant. It is concluded that the Tyr156 phosphorylation mainly mediates shear stress-induced overall RhoGDIα activity, while Ser101/Ser174 phosphorylation mediates its polarization. This study demonstrates that differential phosphorylation of RhoGDIα regulates shear stress-induced spatial RhoGDIα activation, which could be a potential target to control cell migration.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(8): 2554-2561, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027503

RESUMO

Excessive use of antibiotics in aquatic products is a serious problem for food safety and human health, and on-site detection of antibiotics is highly demanded. Herein, we proposed multivalence aptamer probes, allowing sensitive, label-free, and homogeneous detection of antibiotics in different aquatic products. Compared to commonly used aptamers, multivalence aptamer probes can provide multiple binding sites and a higher affinity for target molecules, and the iterative binding on different binding sites contributes to an amplified recognition effect, sharply increasing the response and sensitivity of aptamer probes. The 2-valence aptamer probes conferred a limit of detection of 0.097 nM for kanamycin detection, where it is estimated that their sensitivity is enhanced 12 times compared to 1-valence aptamer probes. Meanwhile, multivalence aptamer probes allowed us to specifically identify kanamycin among other antibiotics. It could detect kanamycin residual in aquatic products including river eel and puffer fish, as well as tap water with high precision. A multivalence design strategy of aptamer probes would significantly improve the detection performance of aptamers, facilitating the translation of aptamer for food safety control.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Animais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/síntese química , Aquicultura , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Peixes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Água Doce/análise , Canamicina/análise , Limite de Detecção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(5): 5695-5703, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31920067

RESUMO

The exploitation of phase change materials (PCMs) with excellent shape stability, considerable latent heat storage capacity, and superior thermal conductivity is essential for their applications in heat storage and thermal regulation. Here, form-stable composite PCMs based on n-octacosane, nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC), and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were successfully obtained by impregnating n-octacosane into the alkylated NFC/CNTs hybrid aerogels. The three-dimensional interconnected porous aerogels could adequately support the melted n-octacosane and prevent the leakage problem due to strong capillary force and surface tension. After treatment with alkylated modification, the affinity between NFC/CNTs aerogels and n-alkanes was significantly improved, resulting in excellent shape stability, improved thermal reliability, and high n-alkanes loading capacity for the as-prepared composite PCMs. The differential scanning calorimetry analysis showed that composite PCMs based on the alkylated NFC/CNTs aerogels exhibited an extremely high phase change enthalpy ranging from 250.9 to 252.9 J/g. Furthermore, the thermal conductivity and photothermal conversion and storage efficiency of the synthesized PCMs were effectively enhanced by the introduction of CNTs. Thus, the synthesized composite PCMs exhibit considerable potential for practical application in heat storage and thermal regulation.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31934712

RESUMO

Programmed biosensors with tunable quantification range and sensitivity would greatly broaden their application in medical diagnosis, food safety and environmental analysis. Herein, we proposed a graphene-nucleic acid biointerface-engineered biosensor, allowing target molecules to be detected with adjustable dynamic ranges and sensitivities. The biosensors were programmed by simply tuning the poly A tail of aptamer probes. The tuning of the poly A tail would allow the interaction between aptamer probes and graphene oxide (GO) to be modulated, in turn programing the competitive binding processes of aptamer probes to target molecules and GO. The biosensors, termed affinity-tunable aptasensors (atAptasensors) could be easily tuned with different dynamic ranges by using aptamer probes with different tail lengths, and the dynamic range could be extended to be over 3 orders by a combined use of multiple aptamer probes. Remarkably, the specificity of aptamer probes could be increased by increasing the interaction between aptamer probes and GO. Reliability of atAptasensor for ATP detection was tested in serum and milk samples, and we also applied atAptasensor for culture-independent analysis of microorganism pollution.

5.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 62: 104677, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629067

RESUMO

Doxorubicin (DOX) has dose-dependent toxicity on ovarian follicles (OFs), and the inhibition of different signaling molecules along with the DOX application for enhancing its efficacy can also upsurge this toxicity. Therefore, it is strongly required to explore the mechanism of DOX-induced toxicity in 3D culture systems for protecting the OFs. A microfluidic chip was used to culture a single OF to identify the potential signaling molecules and their combined effects on OFs dynamically. The chip offers better 3D biomimetic microenvironment to the growing OF than 2D culture systems. The OFs cultured on the chip were treated with DOX and the inhibitors of Src, Ca2+, and PIM. Their mutual effects were studied on OFs growth and 17ß-estradiol secretion. Besides, the RNA levels of B4GALT2 and UNC5C genes of DOX-exposed OFs were detected by RT-qPCR, and TUNEL staining experiments were conducted to check the OF apoptosis. The results showed that DOX application reduced the OFs growth and hormone secretion and induced apoptosis in the OFs. Moreover, the DOX-induced toxic effects were enriched by Src and PIM inhibition, while reduced by the ER-Ca2+ channel inhibitor. This study specifically demonstrates the synergistic effects of some signaling molecules on DOX-mediated cellular functions of OFs and demands some meditative measures to decipher this toxicity for supporting the female endocrine and reproductive functions.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(50): 46851-46863, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773943

RESUMO

Strong rigidity, low thermal conductivity, and short of multi-driven capabilities of form-stable phase change materials (FSPCMs) have limited their practical utilization. Herein, we report a shape-adaptable FSPCM with the coinstantaneous light/electro-driven shape memory properties and light/electro-to-thermal energy storage performance. The FSPCM is fabricated by incorporating the poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) into the cellulose nanofiber/graphene nanoplatelet (GNP) hybrid-coated melamine foam (CG@MF). The CG@MF/PEG FSPCMs show a good encapsulation effect, enhanced thermal conductivity, and large melting enthalpy (178.9 J g-1). Due to the high elasticity of MF and the excellent photothermal conversion and electrical conductivity of the GNP network, the CG@MF/PEG FSPCMs exhibit a remarkable light/electro-driven shape memory effect by activating the phase change process of PEG. Meanwhile, the CG@MF/PEG FSPCMs can effectively convert light or electric energy into heat energy and reposit the converted energy during the phase change process. Furthermore, the CG@MF/PEG FSPCMs possess excellent multiresponsive self-adhesion properties. A light-sensitive, shape-adaptable, and thermal-insulating container is further explored. This study provides routes toward the development of multiresponsive shape-adaptable FSPCMs for energy storage applications.

8.
J Food Sci ; 84(8): 2159-2164, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329273

RESUMO

This study investigated the inhibitory effect of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC), and gallic acid (GA) on the formation of N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) in vitro. Results show that the three polyphenols are capable to block NDEA formation when the molar ratio of phenols to nitrite is higher than 0.8, and a more acidic environment is prone to promote the inhibitory potential of phenols. It is also found that the inhibitory effect tends to decrease in the order: EGCG, EGC, GA, which is in accordance with the order of their DPPH scavenging activity, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of polyphenols on NDEA formation may work through a free radical way. Kinetic study further revealed the three polyphenols react with nitrite at a much faster rate than diethylamine does (P < 0.05). By scavenging nitrite at a faster rate than the nitrosation of diethylamine, polyphenols at high concentration can significantly block NDEA formation. These observations may promote a possible application of polyphenol compounds to inhibit the formation of nitrosamines in food processing. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The presence of N-nitrosamines in human diet should be an etiological risk factor for human cancers. This work may provide a useful guideline for phenolic compounds to inhibit the formation of nitrosamines in food processing, such as in the process of curing meats. Polyphenols have been proved to block NDEA formation under normal gastric juice condition, suggesting the intake of polyphenols is a potential way to prevent diseases caused by nitrite.


Assuntos
Catequina/análogos & derivados , Dietilnitrosamina/química , Ácido Gálico/química , Catequina/química , Dietilnitrosamina/antagonistas & inibidores , Radicais Livres/química , Cinética , Fenóis/farmacologia
9.
Chemosphere ; 224: 120-127, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818190

RESUMO

Natural pyrrhotite (NP) shows promising future in activating persulfate (PS) due to its easy availability at a low cost and easy separation. This study discussed the degradation of O-isopropyl-N-ethyl thionocarbamate (IPETC) in NP/PS system. NP-PS system showed the best IPETC mineralization at the initial pH of 6.0 (62.84%). The kinetics study suggested that the IPETC degradation followed the pseudo-first-order equation in the NP-PS system. NP-PS system worked better in bottled water (96.46%) and tap water (85.14%) than river water (31.28%). Combined with Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and computational calculation, the degradation products, including acetone, formic acid isopropyl ester and ethylamine, were identified and the degradation pathway of IPETC in NP-PS system was proposed. The S, O and N atoms in IPETC are easier to be attacked by. SO4-Ethylamine and reduced S ions coordinately worked to recycle Fe2+ in NP/PS/IPETC system.


Assuntos
Ferro/química , Sulfatos/química , Tiocarbamatos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Água Potável/química , Cinética , Oxirredução , Reciclagem , Tiocarbamatos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
10.
Biomolecules ; 9(2)2019 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704117

RESUMO

Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is a multifunctional protein that undergoes significant changes in its expression and phosphorylation in response to shear stress stimuli, suggesting that it may be involved in mechanotransduction. However, the mechanism of HSP27 affecting tumor cell migration under shear stress is still not clear. In this study, HSP27-enhanced cyan fluorescent protein (ECFP) and HSP27-Ypet plasmids are constructed to visualize the self-polymerization of HSP27 in living cells based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer technology. The results show that shear stress induces polar distribution of HSP27 to regulate the dynamic structure at the cell leading edge. Shear stress also promotes HSP27 depolymerization to small molecules and then regulates polar actin accumulation and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) polar activation, which further promotes tumor cell migration. This study suggests that HSP27 plays an important role in the regulation of shear stress-induced HeLa cell migration, and it also provides a theoretical basis for HSP27 as a potential drug target for metastasis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP27/metabolismo , Estresse Mecânico , Movimento Celular , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Células HeLa , Humanos , Fosforilação , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
11.
Commun Biol ; 1: 224, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30564745

RESUMO

Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor α (RhoGDIα) is a known negative regulator of the Rho family that shuts off GDP/GTP cycling and cytoplasm/membrane translocation to regulate cell migration. However, to our knowledge, no reports are available that focus on how the RhoGDIα-Rho GTPases complex is activated by laminar flow through exploring the activation of RhoGDIα itself. Here, we constructed a new biosensor using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology to measure the spatio-temporal activation of RhoGDIα in its binding with Rho GTPases in living HeLa cells. Using this biosensor, we find that the dissociation of the RhoGDIα-Rho GTPases complex is increased by shear stress, and its dissociation rate varies with subcellular location. Moreover, this process is mediated by membrane fluidity, cytoskeleton and Src activity, which indicates that the regulation of RhoGDIα activation under shear stress application represents a relatively separate pathway from the shear stress-induced Rho pathway.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 66(46): 12431-12438, 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30387615

RESUMO

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) contamination ranks as one of the most critical food safety issues, and assays for its on-site monitoring are highly demanded. Herein, we propose a label-free, one-tube, homogeneous, and cheap AFB1 assay based on a finely tunable dual-terminal stemmed aptamer beacon (DS aptamer beacon) and aggregation-induced emission (AIE) effects. The DS aptamer beacon structure could provide terminal protection of the aptamer probe against exonuclease I and confer specific and quick response to target AFB1. In comparison to the conventional molecule beacon structure, the stability of the DS aptamer beacon could be finely tuned by adjusting its two terminal stems, allowing for elaborately optimizing probe affinity and selectivity. By the utilization of an AIE-active fluorophore, which would be lighted up by aggregating to negatively charged DNA, AFB1 could be determined in a label-free manner. The proposed method could quantify AFB1 in one test tube using two unlabeled DNA strands. It has been successfully applied for analyzing AFB1 in peanut oil and broad bean sauce, with total recoveries ranging from 92.75 to 118.70%. Thus, the DS aptamer beacon-based assay could potentially facilitate real-time monitoring and controlling of AFB1 pollution.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Óleo de Amendoim/análise , Técnica de Seleção de Aptâmeros/métodos , Vicia faba/química , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/genética , DNA/química , DNA/genética , Limite de Detecção
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 626: 349-356, 2018 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29351882

RESUMO

The surface properties of arsenopyrite during chemical and biological oxidation were investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction (S-XRD), X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), accompanying with leaching behaviors elucidation. The moderate thermophile S. thermosulfidooxdians was used as the bioleaching microorganism. Leaching experiments showed that only 16.26% and 44.37% of total arsenic extractions were obtained for sterile acid and culture medium controls, whereas 79.20% of total arsenic was recovered at the end of bioleaching. SEM indicated that new products were layered on the surface of arsenopyrite after chemical and biological oxidation. As displayed in S-XRD patterns, scorodite and elemental sulfur were formed after acid leaching, while only elemental sulfur was detected in the residue leached by acid culture medium. During bioleaching, elemental sulfur was produced from day 4 and jarosite was produced from day 9. The results of iron and arsenic L-edge XANES were in good consistence with S-XRD. The accumulation of scorodite and jarosite on arsenopyrite surface should be the main reason for the hindered dissolution of arsenopyrite during acid leaching and bioleaching. These studies are pretty meaningful for better understanding the oxidation mechanism of arsenopyrite and evaluating arsenic risk to the environment.

14.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 410(6): 1725-1733, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29270659

RESUMO

The bioleaching of two different genetic types of chalcopyrite by the moderate thermophile Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans was investigated by leaching behaviors elucidation and their comparative mineralogical assessment. The leaching experiment showed that the skarn-type chalcopyrite (STC) revealed a much faster leaching rate with 33.34% copper extracted finally, while only 23.53% copper was bioleached for the porphyry-type chalcopyrite (PTC). The mineralogical properties were analyzed by XRD, SEM, XPS, and Fermi energy calculation. XRD indicated that the unit cell volume of STC was a little larger than that of PTC. SEM indicated that the surface of STC had more steps and ridges. XPS spectra showed that Cu(I) was the dominant species of copper on the surfaces of the two chalcopyrite samples, and STC had much more copper with lower Cu 2p3/2 binding energy. Additionally, the Fermi energy of STC was much higher than that of PTC. These mineralogical differences were in good agreement with the bioleaching behaviors of chalcopyrite. This study will provide some new information for evaluating the oxidation kinetics of chalcopyrite.


Assuntos
Cobre/análise , Sulfolobaceae/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Cristalização , Minerais/análise , Minerais/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Sulfolobaceae/química , Difração de Raios X
15.
Commun Biol ; 1(1): 224, 2018 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924870

RESUMO

Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor α (RhoGDIα) is a known negative regulator of the Rho family that shuts off GDP/GTP cycling and cytoplasm/membrane translocation to regulate cell migration. However, to our knowledge, no reports are available that focus on how the RhoGDIα-Rho GTPases complex is activated by laminar flow through exploring the activation of RhoGDIα itself. Here, we constructed a new biosensor using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology to measure the spatio-temporal activation of RhoGDIα in its binding with Rho GTPases in living HeLa cells. Using this biosensor, we find that the dissociation of the RhoGDIα-Rho GTPases complex is increased by shear stress, and its dissociation rate varies with subcellular location. Moreover, this process is mediated by membrane fluidity, cytoskeleton and Src activity, which indicates that the regulation of RhoGDIα activation under shear stress application represents a relatively separate pathway from the shear stress-induced Rho pathway.

16.
Chemosphere ; 185: 403-411, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28710989

RESUMO

Arsenic is a critical environmental pollutant associated with acid mine drainage. Arsenopyrite is one of the major arsenic sulfide minerals whose weathering lead to the contamination of arsenic. In this study, the leaching behaviors of arsenopyrite by two mixed cultures of iron-oxidizing and sulfur-oxidizing microorganisms (Ferroplasma thermophilum and Acidithiobacillus caldus, Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans and Acidithiobacillus caldus) were investigated, accompanying with community structure analysis of free microorganisms. The ratio of F. thermophilum to A. caldus of 1/1 showed a more favorable effect on the arsenic leaching than other ratios, and F. thermophilum played a dominant role in the solution all the leaching time. While adding A. caldus in the S. thermosulfidooxidans bioleaching system, the dissolution of arsenopyrite was suppressed. Notably, when the ratio of S. thermosulfidooxidans to A. caldus was 2/1, the arsenic extraction was accelerated at the early stage, but later it slowed down. The reason was because A. caldus was the predominant species at the later stage which made the redox potential decrease faster. XRD demonstrated that the proper addition of A. caldus could eliminate the sulfur passivation and promote the leaching in a degree. These studies are helpful to evaluate the environmental impact of arsenic.


Assuntos
Acidithiobacillus/metabolismo , Arsenicais/química , Compostos de Ferro/química , Ferro/metabolismo , Minerais/química , Sulfetos/química , Enxofre/metabolismo , Arsênico , Oxirredução , Solubilidade , Poluição da Água
17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 154: 129-38, 2016 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27577904

RESUMO

Cellulose films with excellent mechanical strength are of interest to many researchers, but unfortunately they often lack the ductility and water resistance. This work demonstrates an efficient and easily industrialized method for hydrophobic cellulose films made of modified microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). Prior to film fabrication, the simultaneous exfoliation and acylation of MFC was achieved through the synergetic effect of mechanical and chemical actions generated from ball milling in the presence of hexanoyl chloride. Largely enhanced tensile strength and elongation at break have been achieved (4.98MPa, 4.37% for original MFC films, 140MPa, 21.3% for modified ones). Due to hydrophobicity and compact structure, modified films show excellent water resistance and decreased water vapor permeability. Moreover, optical performance of modified films is also improved compared with the original MFC films. Our work can largely expand the application of this biodegradable resource and ultimately reduce the need for petroleum-based plastics.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Acilação , Plásticos Biodegradáveis , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Permeabilidade , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Vapor , Resistência à Tração , Difração de Raios X
18.
Nanotechnology ; 27(38): 385603, 2016 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27518607

RESUMO

Printed-electronics inks belong to a class of novel functional conductive inks that can be used to form high-precision conducting lines or circuits on various flexible substrates. Previous studies have reported conductive inks produced by the reduction and membrane separation method for use in flexible devices. However, it remains a challenge to synthesize conductive inks with high electrical properties at low sintering temperatures, which restricts their range of applications. Herein, we prepare inkjet-printed patterns of conductive inks consisting of Ag nanohexagonal platelets (AgNHPs) as the main component and containing graphene (GE) in different contents. It is found that GE improves the electrical conductivity of the patterns when sintering is done at relatively low temperatures. For instance, when the GE content is 0.15 mg ml(-1), the resistivity is the lowest. When sintering is done at 150 °C, the resistivity (2.7 × 10(-6) Ω · cm) of the GE-AgNHPs conductive ink (GE: 0.15 mg ml(-1)) is 14% of that of the AgNHPs conductive ink; on the other hand, after sintering at 50 °C, this ratio is 2%. It is also found that, with the increase in GE content, the resistivity of the GE-AgNHPs conductive ink increases. This study on GE-AgNHPs conductive inks sintered at low temperatures should further the development of flexible touch screens.

19.
Nat Prod Commun ; 6(6): 781-4, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21815410

RESUMO

Biotransformation of deoxyandrographolide (1) by Alternaria alternata AS 3.4578 gave five derivatives identified by spectral methods including 2D NMR as the known dehydroandrographolide (2) and 9beta-hydroxy-dehydroandrographolide (3) and the new compounds 9beta-hydroxy-deoxyandrographolide (4), 3alpha,17,19-trihydroxy-8,13-ent-labdadien-15,16-olide (5) and 3-oxo-9beta-hydroxy-deoxyandrographolide (6).


Assuntos
Alternaria/metabolismo , Diterpenos/metabolismo , Andrographis/química , Biotransformação , Diterpenos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química
20.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 13(4): 350-5, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21462039

RESUMO

Biotransformation of deoxyandrographolide (1) by Fusarium graminearum AS 3.4598 was investigated in this paper. And five transformed products of 1 by F. graminearum AS 3.4598 were obtained. Their chemical structures were characterized as 3-oxo-8α,17ß-epoxy-14-deoxyandrographolide (2), 3-oxo-14-deoxyandrographolide (3), 3-oxo-17,19-dihydroxyl-8,13-ent-labdadien-15,16-olide (4), 1ß-hydroxyl-14-deoxyandrographolide (5), and 7ß-hydroxyl-14-deoxyandrographolide (6) by spectral methods including 2D NMR. Among them, products 2, 4, and 5 are new.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/metabolismo , Fusarium/metabolismo , Biotransformação , Diterpenos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular
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