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1.
Sci Adv ; 5(8): eaaw0982, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467971

RESUMO

Carboncones, a special family of all-carbon allotropes, are predicted to have unique properties that distinguish them from fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphenes. Owing to the absence of methods to synthesize atomically well-defined carboncones, however, experimental insight into the nature of pure carboncones has been inaccessible. Herein, we describe a facile synthesis of an atomically well-defined carboncone[1,2] (C70H20) and its soluble penta-mesityl derivative. Identified by x-ray crystallography, the carbon skeleton is a carboncone with the largest possible apex angle. Much of the structural strain is overcome in the final step of converting the bowl-shaped precursor into the rigid carboncone under mild reaction conditions. This work provides a research opportunity for investigations of atomically precise single-layered carboncones having even higher cone walls and/or smaller apex angles.

2.
J Org Chem ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315398

RESUMO

A general one-step synthesis of symmetrical or unsymmetrical 1,4-di(organo)fullerenes from organo(hydro)fullerenes (RC60H) is realized by direct oxidative arylation. The new combination of catalytic trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (TfOH) and stoichiometric o-chloranil is the first to be used to directly generate an R-C60+ intermediate from common RC60H. Unexpectedly, the in situ generated R-C60+ intermediate is shown to be quite stable in whole 13C NMR spectroscopy characterization in the absence of cation quenching reagents. Because the direct oxidation of common RC60H to form the corresponding R-C60+ has never been realized, the present combination of TfOH and o-chloranil solves the challenges associated with the formation of stable RC60+ cations from common RC60H without any coordination of an R group.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237012

RESUMO

All previously reported C70 isomers have positive curvature and contain 12 pentagons in addition to hexagons. Herein, we report a new C70 species with two negatively curved heptagon moieties and 14 pentagons. This unconventional heptafullerene[70] containing two symmetric heptagons, referred to as dihept-C70 , grows in the carbon arc by a theoretically supported pathway in which the carbon cluster of a previously reported C66 species undergoes successive C2 insertion via a known heptafullerene[68] intermediate with low energy barriers. As identified by X-ray crystallography, the occurrence of heptagons facilitates a reduction in the angle of the π-orbital axis vector in the fused pentagons to stabilize dihept-C70 . Chlorination at the intersection of a heptagon and two adjacent pentagons can greatly enlarge the HOMO-LUMO gap, which makes dihept-C70 Cl6 isolable by chromatography. The synthesis of dihept-C70 Cl6 offers precious clues with respect to the fullerene formation mechanism in the carbon-clustering process.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(16): 6651-6657, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30879294

RESUMO

The combustion has long been applied for industrial synthesis of carbon materials such as fullerenes as well as carbon particles (known as carbon black), but the components and structures of the carbon soot are far from being clarified. Herein, we retrieve an unprecedented hydrofullerene C66H4 from a soot of a low-pressure combustion of benzene-acetylene-oxygen. Unambiguously characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, the C66H4 renders a nonclassical geometry incorporating two heptagons and two pairs of fused pentagons in a C2 v symmetry. The common vertexes of the fused pentagons are bonded with four hydrogen atoms to convert the hydrogen-linking carbon atoms from sp2 to sp3 hybridization, which together with the adjacent heptagons essentially releases the sp2-bond strains on the abutting-pentagon sites of the diheptagonal fused pentagon C66 (dihept-C66). DFT computations suggest the possibility for an in situ hydrogenation process leading to stabilization of the dihept-C66. In addition, the experiments have been carried out to study heptagon-dependent properties of dihept-C66H4, indicating the key responsibility of the heptagon for changing hydrocarbon activity and electronic properties. The present work with the unprecedented double-heptagon-containing hydrofullerene successfully isolated and identified as one of the low-pressure combustion products shows that the heptagon is a new building block for constructing fullerene products in addition to pentagons and hexagons in low-pressure combustion systems.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 485, 2019 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700716

RESUMO

The assembly of spherical fullerenes, or buckyballs, into single crystals for crystallographic identification often suffers from disordered arrangement. Here we show a chiral configuration of decapyrrylcorannulene that has a concave 'palm' of corannulene and ten flexible electron-rich pyrryl group 'fingers' to mimic the smart molecular 'hands' for self-adaptably cradling various buckyballs in a (+)hand-ball-hand(-) mode. As exemplified by crystallographic identification of 15 buckyball structures representing pristine, exohedral, endohedral, dimeric and hetero-derivatization, the pyrryl groups twist with varying dihedral angles to adjust the interaction between decapyrrylcorannulene and fullerene. The self-adaptable electron-rich pyrryl groups, susceptible to methylation, are theoretically revealed to contribute more than the bowl-shaped palm of the corannulene in holding buckyball structures. The generality of the present decapyrrylcorannulene host with flexible pyrryl groups facilitates the visualization of numerous unknown/unsolved fullerenes by crystallography and the assembly of the otherwise close-packed spherical fullerenes into two-dimensional layered structures by intercalation.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(21): 4390-3, 2015 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25676633

RESUMO

We report a simple strategy to construct a multiple gadolinium complex decorated fullerene (CGDn) as an enhanced T1 contrast agent. The CGDn exhibits much higher T1 relaxivity (∼49.7 mM(-1) s(-1)) than individual Gd-DOTA, and shows excellent T1 contrast enhancement ability both in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Fulerenos/química , Gadolínio/química , Animais , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Radiografia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Nanoscale ; 6(21): 12635-43, 2014 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25192187

RESUMO

Highly efficient and stable photoluminescence (PL) are urgently desired for graphene quantum dots (GQDs) to facilitate their prospective applications as optical materials. Here, we report the facile and straightforward synthesis of alkylated graphene quantum dots (AGQDs) via the solvothermal reaction of propagatively alkylated graphene sheets (PAGenes). In contrast to most GQDs reported so far, the synthesized AGQDs process pH-independent and ultra-bright PL with a relative quantum yield of up to 65%. Structural and chemical composition characterization demonstrated that the synthesized AGQDs are nearly oxygen-defect-free with alkyl groups decorated on edges and basal plane, which may contribute to their greatly improved pH tolerance and high quantum efficiency. The photocatalytic performance of AGQDs-P25 nanocomposites was evaluated by the degradation of Rhodamine B under visible light. The photocatalytic rate is ca. 5.9 times higher than that of pure P25, indicating that AGQDs could harness the visible spectrum of sunlight for energy conversion or environmental therapy.

8.
Nanotechnology ; 24(2): 025604, 2013 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23220906

RESUMO

A superparamagnetic reduced graphene oxide-Fe(3)O(4) hybrid composite (rGO-Fe(3)O(4)) was prepared via a facile and straightforward method through the solvothermal reaction of iron (III) acetylacetonate (Fe(acac)(3)) and graphene oxide (GO) in ethylenediamine (EDA) and water. By this method, chemical reduction of GO as well as the formation of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) can be achieved in one step. The Fe(3)O(4) NPs are firmly deposited on the surfaces of rGO, avoiding their reassembly to graphite. The rGO sheets prevent the agglomeration of Fe(3)O(4) NPs and enable a uniform dispersion of these metal oxide particles. The size distribution and coverage density of Fe(3)O(4) NPs deposited on rGO can be controlled by varying the initial mass ratio of GO and iron precursor, Fe(acac)(3). With an initial mass ratio of GO and Fe(acac)(3) of 5:5, the surfaces of rGO sheets are densely covered by spherical Fe(3)O(4) NPs with an average size of 19.9 nm. The magnetic-functionalized rGO hybrid exhibits a good magnetic property and the specific saturation magnetization (M(s)) is 13.2 emu g(-1). The adsorption test of methylene blue from aqueous solution demonstrates the potential application of this rGO-Fe(3)O(4) hybrid composite in removing organic dyes from polluted water.


Assuntos
Cristalização/métodos , Compostos Férricos/química , Grafite/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Temperatura Alta , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Campos Magnéticos , Teste de Materiais , Conformação Molecular , Óxidos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Solventes/química , Propriedades de Superfície
9.
Nanotechnology ; 23(5): 055708, 2012 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22237013

RESUMO

Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) are inappropriate for further chemical derivatization because of their chemical inertness. We demonstrate covalent activation of chemically inert BNNTs by isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) to form isocyanate group (NCO)-terminated BNNT precursors with an 'NCO anchor' ready for further functionalization. As identified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, a number of molecules or polymers with -COOH, -OH or -NH2 groups are readily attached to the activated IPDI-BNNTs. The IPDI-BNNT-involving polymer composites have shown mechanical properties are considerably improved due to the good dispersibility of IPDI-BNNTs in the polymer matrix and the strong interfacial interactions between BNNTs and polymers. The methodology reported here provides a promising method to promote the chemical reactivity of BNNTs and covalently modify polymer nanocomposites with improved mechanical performance.

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