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1.
Acta Biomater ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812076

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common deadly cancer worldwide. After treatment with curative intent recurrence rates vary with staging 0-13 % in Stage 1, 11-61 % in S2 and 28-73 % in Stage 3. The toxicity to healthy tissues from chemotherapy and radiotherapy and drug resistance severely affect the quality of life and cancer specific outcomes of CRC patients. To overcome some of these limitations, many efforts have been made to develop nanomaterial-based drug delivery systems. Among these nanocarriers, liposomes represented one of the most successful candidates in delivering targeted oncological treatment, improving safety profile and therapeutic efficacy of encapsulated drugs. In this review we will discuss liposome design with a particular focus on the targeting feature and triggering functions. We will also summarise the recent advances in liposomal delivery system for CRC treatment in both the preclinical and clinical studies. We will finally provide our perspectives on the liposome technology development for the future clinical translation. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Conventional treatments for colorectal cancer (CRC) severely affect the therapeutic effects for advanced patients. With the development of nanomedicines, liposomal delivery system appears to be one of the most promising nanocarriers for CRC treatment. In last three years several reviews in this area have been published focusing on the preclinical research and drug delivery function, which is a fairly narrow focus in the field of liposome technology for CRC therapy. Our review presented the most recent advances of the liposome technology (both clinical and preclinical applications) for CRC with strong potential for further clinical translation. We believe it will attract lots of attention from various audiences, including researchers, clinicians and the industry.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(7)2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805432

RESUMO

Dielectric elastomer (DE) is a type of electric field type electroactive polymer material that can produce greater deformation under the action of an electric field and has a faster recovery speed. It has the advantages of high energy density, large strain, low quality, and commercialization, and has become the most widely concerned and researched electroactive polymer material. In this study, copper calcium titanate (CCTO) particles with a large dielectric constant were selected as the filling phase, and a silicone rubber (PDMS) with better biocompatibility and lower elastic modulus was used as the matrix to prepare CCTO/PDMS, which is a new type of dielectric elastomer material. The structure of the dielectric elastomer is analyzed, and its mechanical properties, dielectric properties, and driving deformation are tested. Then, KH550, KH560, and KH570 modified CCTO is used in order to improve the dispersibility of CCTO in PDMS, and modified particles with the best dispersion effect are selected to prepare dielectric elastomer materials. In addition, mechanical properties, dielectric properties, and driving deformation are tested and compared with the dielectric elastomer material before modification. The results show that as the content of CCTO increases, the dielectric constant and elastic modulus of the dielectric elastomer also increase, and the dielectric loss remains basically unchanged at a frequency of 100 Hz. When the filling amount reaches 20 wt%, the dielectric constant of the CCTO/PDMS dielectric elastomer reaches 5.8 (100 Hz), an increase of 120%, while the dielectric loss at this time is only 0.0038 and the elastic modulus is only 0.54 MPa. When the filling amount is 5 wt%, the dielectric elastomer has the largest driving deformation amount, reaching 33.8%. Three silane coupling agents have been successfully grafted onto the surface of CCTO particles, and the KH560 modified CCTO has the best dispersibility in the PDMS matrix. Based on this, a modified CCTO/PDMS dielectric elastomer was prepared. The results show that the improvement of dispersibility improves the dielectric constant. Compared with the unmodified PDMS, when the filling content is 20 wt%, the dielectric constant reaches 6.5 (100 Hz). Compared with PDMS, it has increased by 150%. However, the improvement of dispersion has a greater increase in the elastic modulus, resulting in a decrease in its strain parameters compared with CCTO/PDMS dielectric elastomers, and the electromechanical conversion efficiency has not been significantly improved. When the filling amount of modified CCTO particles is 5 wt%, the dielectric elastomer has the largest driving deformation, reaching 27.4%.

3.
Schizophr Bull ; 2021 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822213

RESUMO

The results generated from large psychiatric genomic consortia show us some new vantage points to understand the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. We explored the potential of integrating the transcription output of the core gene underlying the commonality of psychiatric disorders with a clustering algorithm to redefine psychiatric disorders. Our results showed that an extended MHC region was associated with the common factor of schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MDD) at the level of genomic significance, with rs7746199 (P = 4.905e-08), a cis-eQTL to the gene ZNF391, pinpointed as a potential causal variant driving the signals in the region. Gene expression pattern of ZNF391 in the brain led to the emergence of 3 biotypes, independent of disorder. The 3 biotypes performed significantly differently in working memory and demonstrated different gray matter volumes in the right inferior frontal orbital gyrus (RIFOG), with a partial causal pathway arising from ZNF391 to RIFOG to working memory. Our study illustrates the potential of a trans-diagnostic, top-down approach in understanding the commonality of psychiatric disorders.

4.
Org Lett ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825468

RESUMO

Merging photoredox/nickel catalysis enabling the cross-electrophile coupling of aziridines with pyridin-1-ium salts involving dearomatization for the synthesis of ß-(1,4-dihydropyridin-4-yl)-ethylamines, especially including bioactive motif-based analogues, is described. This method allows incorporation of a 1,4-dihydropyridin-4-yl group and formation a N-H amino group to construct highly valuable ß-(1,4-dihydropyridin-4-yl)-ethylamine frameworks in a single step through the C2-N bond regioselective cleavage and dearomatization alkylation cascades with precise regioselectivity and excellent functional group tolerance, and represents an appealing cross-electrophile coupling strategy to accomplish transformations between two electrophiles, including aziridines and pyridin-1-ium salts, by avoiding prefunctionalization.

5.
Acta Oncol ; : 1-8, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793382

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the survival and prognostic factors of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients undergoing radical (chemo)radiotherapy in the era of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG) conducted the first nationwide survey of nine institutions. Detailed information was accumulated on 5185 patients with ESCC who received definitive 3DCRT/IMRT between 2002 and 2018. Relevant prognostic factors were evaluated to assess their influence on overall and progression-free survivals. RESULTS: After a median follow-up time of 47.0 (0.9-157.4) months, the 1-year, 2-year, 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates of the whole group were 69.8%, 46.6%, 37.9% and 30.1%. The 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, and 5-year progression-free survival rates were 54.1%, 36.6%, 30.5% and 24.9%. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that sex, clinical stage, treatment modality and radiation dose were prognostic factors for OS. The survival of patients who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) was better than that of patients who received radiotherapy alone or sequential chemoradiotherapy. Patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy after CCRT had a better OS than patients receiving CCRT alone. Patients receiving higher radiation dose had a better OS than those patients receiving low-dose radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: The survival of ESCC patients undergoing radical (chemo)radiotherapy was relatively satisfactory in the era of 3DCRTand IMRT. As the largest-scale multicenter research on esophageal cancer radiotherapy conducted in China, this study establishes national benchmarks and helps to provide references for subsequent related researches.

7.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(6): 4007-4016, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666414

RESUMO

Bulk metal doping and surface phosphate modification were synergically adopted in a rational design to upgrade the CeO2 catalyst, which is highly active but easily deactivated for the catalytic oxidation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (Cl-VOCs). The metal doping increased the redox ability and defect sites of CeO2, which mostly promoted catalytic activity and inhibited the formation of dechlorinated byproducts but generated polychlorinated byproducts. The subsequent surface modification of the metal-doped CeO2 catalysts with nonmetallic phosphate completely suppressed the formation of polychlorinated byproducts and, more importantly, enhanced the stability of the surface structure by forming a chainmail layer. A highly active, durable, and selective catalyst of phosphate-functionalized RuOx-CeO2 was the most promising among all the metal-doped (Ru, Pd, Pt, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, and Cu) CeO2 catalysts investigated owing to the prominent chemical stability of RuOx and its superior versatility in the catalytic oxidation of different kinds of Cl-VOCs and other typical pollutants, including dimethyl sulfide, CO, and C3H8. Moreover, the chemical stability of the catalyst, including its bulk and surface structural stability, was investigated by combining intensive treatment with HCl/H2O or HCl with subsequent ex situ ultraviolet-visible light Raman spectroscopy and confirmed the superior resistance to Cl poisoning of the phosphate-functionalized RuOx-CeO2. This work exemplifies a promising strategy for developing ideal catalysts for the removal of Cl-VOCs and provides a catalyst with the superior catalytic performance in Cl-VOC oxidation to date.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(8): e24581, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663067

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common disease with both affective and cognitive disorders. Alterations in metabolic systems of MDD patients have been reported, but the underlying mechanisms still remains unclear. We sought to identify abnormal metabolites in MDD by metabolomics and to explore the association between differential metabolites and neurocognitive dysfunction.Plasma samples from 53 MDD patients and 83 sex-, gender-, BMI-matched healthy controls (HCs) were collected. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system was then used to detect metabolites in those samples. Two different algorithms were applied to identify differential metabolites in 2 groups. Of the 136 participants, 35 MDD patients and 48 HCs had completed spatial working memory test. Spearman rank correlation coefficient was applied to explore the relationship between differential metabolites and working memory in these 2 groups.The top 5 metabolites which were found in sparse partial least squares-discriminant analysis (sPLS-DA) model and random forest (RF) model were the same, and significant difference was found in 3 metabolites between MDD and HCs, namely, gamma-glutamyl leucine, leucine-enkephalin, and valeric acid. In addition, MDD patients had higher scores in spatial working memory (SWM) between errors and total errors than HCs. Valeric acid was positively correlated with working memory in MDD group.Gamma-glutamyl leucine, leucine-enkephalin, and valeric acid were preliminarily proven to be decreased in MDD patients. In addition, MDD patients performed worse in working memory than HCs. Dysfunction in working memory of MDD individuals was associated with valeric acid.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/sangue , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Navegação Espacial/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Algoritmos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Cromatografia Líquida , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/fisiopatologia , Dipeptídeos/sangue , Encefalina Leucina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metabolômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácidos Pentanoicos/sangue , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Fatores Sexuais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Adulto Jovem
9.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 166: 348-357, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705958

RESUMO

Sepsis rapidly contributed to multiorgan failure affecting most commonly of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and yet there were no effective therapies. The current study aimed at providing evidence on the cardioprotection of suppression of 5-Lipoxygenase (5-Lox) and identifying the possible mechanism in the mouse model of sepsis. The cecal ligation-perforation (CLP) model was applied to C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and 5-Lox deficient (5-Lox-/-) mice to induce sepsis. 5-Lox expression was up-regulated in mouse myocardium and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) level was increased in serum after sepsis. Subsequently, we utilized a recombinant adenoviral expression vector (rAAV9) to overexpress Alox5 gene in adult mice. Compared to WT mice, 5-Lox overexpression accelerated CLP-induced myocardial injury and cardiac dysfunction. Oppositely, 5-Lox deficiency offered protection against myocardial injury in a mouse model of sepsis and attenuated sepsis-mediated inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis in the mouse heart. Mechanically, 5-Lox promoted LTB4 production, which in turn contributed to the activation of leukotriene B4 receptor 1 (BLT1)/interleukin-12p35 (IL-12p35) pathway and enhanced M1 macrophage polarization. However, the suppression of BLT1 by either gene mutation or antagonist U75302 significantly inhibited the adverse effect of 5-Lox in sepsis. Further study demonstrated that pharmacological inhibition of 5-Lox prevented CLP-induced septic cardiomyopathy (SCM). Our study identified 5-Lox exacerbated sepsis-associated myocardial injury through activation of LTB4 production and promoting BLT1/IL-12p35 pathway. Hence, inhibition of 5-Lox may be a potential candidate strategy for septic cardiac dysfunction treatment.

10.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 180: 113138, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706159

RESUMO

Design and application of stimulus-responsive microgels is still in its infancy but is an exhilarating topic in controllable sensing device. Here, we have fabricated a dual-responsive platform capable of both sensitive on-spot fluorescence analysis and reliable surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) quantification of water and temperature by in-situ encapsulating 4,4'-dimercaptoazobenzene (DMAB), meso-formyl-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl pyrromethene fluoroborate (FPF) probe and Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) microgels. The smart microgels exhibit ultra-sensitive (detection limit 10-4% v/v) and reversible response towards water due to the liner relationship between network volume and SERS performance of the microgels. Furthermore, the presence of water triggers the conversion of FPF to aldehyde hydrate, facilitating visual assay of trace water in matrix samples through the enhanced fluorescence signals. Interestingly, the SERS signals can be precisely tuned by the thermo-sensitive microgels substrate, thus achieving the temperature monitoring from 32 to 50 °C. The microgels-based sensor has fast-response (2 min), excellent stability, and enables accurate and reliable response of water in organic solvent and pharmaceutical products. As a smart and flexible sensor, the hybrid microgels will facilitate the field of POC analysis, as well as molecular recognition in the future.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761239

RESUMO

Four air-stable cyclometalated half-sandwich iridium complexes 1-4 with C,N-donor Schiff base ligands were prepared through C-H activation in moderate-to-good yields. These complexes have been well characterized, and their exact structure was elaborated on by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The iridium(III) complexes 1-4 showed good catalytic activity in the imine synthesis under open-flask conditions (air as the oxidant) from primary amine oxidative homocoupling, secondary amine dehydrogenation, and the cross-coupling reaction of amine and alcohol. Substituents bonded on the ligands of the iridium complexes displayed little effect on the catalytic efficiency. The stability and good catalytic efficiency of the iridium catalysts, mild reaction conditions, and substrate universality showed their potential application in industrial production.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(10): 3154-3164, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666433

RESUMO

Methyl jasmonate (MeJA), a volatile organic compound, is a principal flowery aromatic compound in tea. During the processing of black tea, MeJA is produced by jasmonic acid carboxyl methyltransferase (JMT) of the jasmonic acid (JA) substrate, forming a specific floral fragrance. CsJMT was cloned from tea leaves; the three-dimensional structure of CsJMT was predicted. Enzyme activity was identified, and protein purification was investigated. Site-directed deletions revealed that N-10, S-22, and Q-25 residues in the beginning amino acids played a key functional role in enzyme activity. The expression patterns of CsJMT in tea organs differed; the highest expression of CsJMT was observed in the fermentation process of black tea. These results aid in further understanding the synthesis of MeJA during black tea processing, which is crucial for improving black tea quality using specific fragrances and could be applied to the aromatic compound regulation and tea breeding improvement in further studies.

14.
Tuberculosis (Edinb) ; 128: 102063, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713970

RESUMO

Xinjiang is a unique region of Central Asian part of China. It is widely noted for high tuberculosis burden and particularly for growing prevalence of drug resistance. Understanding genotypic distribution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis could help clarify unknown causes for the spread of drug-resistant strains. We analyzed 986 M. tuberculosis isolates collected from Xinjiang. Two genotyping schemes, i.e., spoligotyping and multiple-locus variable number tandem repeats (VNTR), were used to determine the phylogenetic lineages and their association with drug-resistances. The M. tuberculosis isolates studied displayed wide distribution of spoligotypic lineages, including Beijing, T, CAS, Ural, LAM, MANU, H, X, EAI, S, Microti, and BOV. The dominant Beijing lineage showed statistical difference from non-Beijing lineages in patients ages (P < 0.001), ethnic groups (P < 0.001) and resistance of three or more drugs (P = 0.008). Further analysis of the year of 2017 subset (n = 257) using VNTR scheme revealed an extremely high discrimination power (Hunter-Gaston discriminatory index = 0.9994). Cluster analysis showed a much lower recent transmission index (7.93%), indicating that the high drug-resistant tuberculosis in this region was mainly caused by reactivation or inappropriate therapy rather than by recent transmission. These data would be valuable for making and implementing policies for improving tuberculosis treatment and care in Xinjiang.

15.
Org Lett ; 23(7): 2790-2796, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734718

RESUMO

An iridium-catalyzed trifluoroacetic acid-promoted asymmetric cascade allylation/Pictet-Spengler cyclization reaction of azomethine ylides with aromatic allylic alcohols is reported. This protocol provides a facile and scalable method for the construction of 1,3,4-trisubstituted tetrahydroisoquinolines containing two stereogenic centers in good yields (up to 96%) with generally excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivities (up to >20:1 dr and >99% ee). Furthermore, a series of aromatic heterocycle-fused piperidines were also obtained with excellent enantiocontrol by this methodology.

16.
Anal Chem ; 93(11): 4924-4931, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651610

RESUMO

Accurate, sensitive, and selective on-spot screening of volatile aldehydes as lung cancer biomarkers is of vital significance for preclinical diagnosis and treatment guidance of cancers. However, the common methods of sensing biomarkers are limited by the fact that they are time-consuming, require professional personnel, and have complex matrixes. Here, we developed a smart vapor generation paper-based thin-film microextraction system capable of both sensitive on-field fluorescence detection and accurate surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) quantification of volatile benzaldehyde (BA) by utilizing stimuli-responsive core-shell gold nanorod (GNR) quantum dot (QD)-embedded metal-organic framework (MOF) structures. The amino-modified GNRs and carboxyl-capped QDs can directly assemble with each other by electrostatic interaction, which leads to an almost complete emission quenching of QDs. The addition of BA molecules destroys the GNRs-QD assemblies due to the Schiff base reactions between the amine group of 4-mercaptonoaniline and the aldehyde moiety of BA, resulting in the increase of the fluorescence and Raman signal of hybrid systems, which enables the visualization of BA with the naked eye. Moreover, the "cavity-diffusion" effect of porous MOF shells validates the selective concentration of gaseous BA molecules on the GNR surface, allowing the discrimination of BA in exhaled breath rapidly and precisely even at the sub-ppb level with excellent specificity against other volatile organic compounds. This study not only offers a versatile sensing platform for accurate discrimination of lung cancer from controls but also opens an avenue for the design of smart sensors for point-of-care applications.

17.
J Infect Dis ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605423

RESUMO

Domestic cats, an important companion animal, can be infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). This has aroused concern regarding the ability of domestic cats to spread the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019. We systematically demonstrated the pathogenesis and transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 in cats. Serial passaging of the virus between cats dramatically attenuated the viral transmissibility, likely owing to variations of the amino acids in the receptor-binding domain sites of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 between humans and cats. These findings provide insight into the transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 in cats and provide information for protecting the health of humans and cats. Article Summary Line: Domestic cats are susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 and have attenuated transmissibility after serial passaging.

19.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 68, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhomboid intercostal block (RIB) and Rhomboid intercostal block with sub-serratus plane block (RISS) are the two types of plane blocks used for postoperative analgesia after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). This prospective randomized controlled trial was performed to analyze the postoperative analgesic effects of ultrasound-guided RIB block and RISS block after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. METHODS: Ninety patients aged between 18 and 80 years, with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Classes I-II and scheduled for elective unilateral VATS were randomly allocated into three groups. In group C, no block intervention was performed. Patients in group RIB received ultrasound-guided RIB with 20-mL 0.375% ropivacaine and those in group RISS received ultrasound-guided RIB and serratus plane block using a total of 40-mL 0.375% ropivacaine. All patients received intravenous sufentanil patient-controlled analgesia upon arrival in the recovery room. Postoperative sufentanil consumption and pain scores were compared among the groups. RESULTS: The dosages of sufentanil consumption at 24 h after the surgery in the RIB and RISS groups were significantly lower than that in group C (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001 for all comparisons, respectively), the postoperative Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) scores in the RIB and RISS groups at 0.5, 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 h after surgery when patients were at rest or active were significantly lower than that in group C (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). The required dosage of sufentanil and time to first postoperative analgesic request in groupRISS were less than those in the group RIB at 24 h after the surgery (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001 for all comparisons, respectively). Similarly, the Numerical Rating Scale scores for group RISS at 12, 18, and 24 h after the surgery when the patients were active were significantly lower than those for group RIB (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). CONCLUSION: Both ultrasound-guided RIB block and RISS block can effectively reduce the demand for sufentanil within 24 h after VATS, and less sufentanil dosage is needed in patient with RISS block. Ultrasound-guided RIB block and RISS block can effectively relieve pain within 24 h after VATS, and RISS block is more effective.

20.
J Affect Disord ; 282: 930-938, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) of inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), as well as sustained attention cognitive deficit are consistently reported to be impaired in bipolar disorders. However, whether these deficits exist across mood states and euthymic state are lacking. We compared rs-FC of IFG and sustained attention of bipolar patients in (hypo) mania, depression and euthymia, with controls. We also explored the interrelationships between clinical, cognitive, and imaging measurements. METHODS: Participants included 110 bipolar subjects: 46 manic/hypomanic, 35 euthymic, and 29 depressed, matched with 41 healthy controls (HCs) underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and resting-state functional MRI scans. Seed-based functional connectivity analyses were performed focused on bilateral IFG seeds. Clinical symptoms and sustained attention function were measured. Stepwise linear regression analysis was conducted to explore predictors of sustained attention measurements. RESULTS: Increased rs-FC between right IFG and bilateral frontal pole/superior frontal gyrus, precuneus, and posterior cingulate gyrus, as well as decreased rs-FC between right IFG and sensorimotor areas, anterior middle cingulate gyrus were found in all three bipolar subgroups compared with HCs. Impaired sustained attention measurement was found in bipolar manic/hypomanic and depressive subgroups compared with HCs. Linear regression analyses revealed a significant impact of the manic symptoms and psychotic symptoms on the performance of sustained attention task. CONCLUSIONS: Our results revealed that IFG seed-based resting-state functional networks involved in emotion regulation and cognitive function were trait-like deficit in bipolar patients. Higher manic levels and psychotic symptoms were predictors of a worse sustained attention performance.

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