Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 222
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 772: 145465, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571767

RESUMO

Terrestrial geothermal ecosystems, as a representative of extreme environments, exhibit a variety of geochemical gradients, and their microbes are thought to be under high stress through environmental selection. However, it is still unclear how stochasticity and biotic interactions contribute to the microbial community assembly in hot springs. Here, we investigated the assembly processes and co-occurrence patterns of microbiota (i.e. bacteria and archaea) in both water and sediments sampled from fifteen hot springs in the Tengchong area, Southwestern of China, using 16S rRNA gene sequencing combined with multivariate ecological and statistical methods. These hot springs harbored more specialists than non-geothermal ecosystems, which are well-adapted to the extreme conditions, as shown by extremely high nearest-taxon index (NTI) and narrower niche width. Habitat differentiation led to the differences in microbial diversity, species-interactions, and community assembly between water and sediment communities. The sediment community showed stronger phylogenetic clustering and was primarily governed by heterogeneous selection, while undominated stochastic processes and dispersal limitation were the major assembly processes in the water community. Temperature and ferrous iron were the major factors mediating the balance of stochastic and deterministic assembly processes in sediment communities, as evidenced by how divergences in temperature and ferrous iron increased the proportion of determinism. Microbial interactions in sediments contributed to deterministic community assembly, as indicated by more complex associations and greater responsiveness to environmental change than water community. These findings uncover the ecological processes underlying microbial communities in hot springs, and provide potential insight into understanding the mechanism to maintain microbial diversity in extreme biospheres.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 750: 141513, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853935

RESUMO

Excessive nitrate in water systems is prevailing and a global risk of human health. Polluted river sediments are dominated by anaerobes and often the hotspot of denitrification. So far, little is known about the ecological effects of nitrate pollution on microbial dynamics, especially those in sulfide-rich sediments. Here we simulated a nitrate surge and monitored the microbial responses, as well as the changes of important environmental parameters in a sulfide-rich river sediment for a month. Our analysis of sediment microbial communities showed that elevated nitrate led to (i) a functional convergence at denitrification and sulfide oxidation, (ii) a taxonomic convergence at Proteobacteria, and (iii) a significant loss of biodiversity, community stability and other functions. Two chemolithotrophic denitrifiers Thiobacillus and Luteimonas were enriched after nitrate amendment, although the original communities were dominated by methanogens and syntrophic bacteria. Also, serial dilutions of sediment microbial communities found that Thiobacillus thiophilus dominated 18/30 communities because of its capability of simultaneous nitrate reduction and sulfide oxidation. Additionally, our network analysis indicated that keystone taxa seemed more likely to be native auxotrophs (e.g., syntrophic bacteria, methanogens) rather than dominant denitrifiers, possibly because of the extensive interspecific cross-feeding they estabilished, while environment perturbations probably disrupted that cross-feeding and simplified microbial interactions. This study advances our understanding of microbial community responses to nitrate pollution and possible mechanism in the sulfide-rich river sediment.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rios , Desnitrificação , Sedimentos Geológicos , Nitratos , Sulfetos , Thiobacillus
3.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 101: 156-167, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334511

RESUMO

Organic and inorganic materials migrate downstream and have important roles in regulating environmental health in the river networks. However, it remains unclear whether and how a mixture of materials (i.e., microbial species) from various upstream habitats contribute to microbial community coalescence upstream of a dam. Here we track the spatial variation in microbial abundance and diversity in the Three Gorges Reservoir based on quantitative PCR and 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing data. We further quantitatively assess the relative contributions of microbial species from mainstem, its tributaries, and the surrounding riverbank soils to the area immediately upstream of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD). We found an increase of microbial diversity and the convergent microbial distribution pattern in areas immediately upstream of TGD, suggesting this area become a new confluence for microbial diversity immigrating from upstream. Indeed, the number of shared species increased from upstream to TGD but unique species decreased, indicating immigration of various sources of microbial species overwhelms local environmental conditions in structuring microbial community close to TGD. By quantifying the sources of microbial species close to TGD, we found little contribution from soils as compared to tributaries, especially for sites closer to TGD, suggesting tributary microbes have greater influence on microbial diversity and environmental health in the Three Gorges Reservoir. Collectively, our results suggest that tracking microbial geographic origin and evaluating accumulating effects of microbial diversity shed light on the ecological processes in microbial communities and provide information for regulating aquatic ecological health.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Microbiota , China , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rios , Solo
4.
Mol Ecol ; 30(4): 1072-1085, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320382

RESUMO

Although many studies have investigated the spatial scaling of microbial communities living in surface soils, very little is known about the patterns within deeper strata, nor is the mechanism behind them. Here, we systematically assessed spatial scaling of prokaryotic biodiversity within three different strata (Upper: 0-20 cm, Middle: 20-40 cm, and Substratum: 40-100 cm) in a typical grassland by examining both distance-decay (DDRs) and species-area relationships (SARs), taxonomically and phylogenetically, as well as community assembly processes. Each layer exhibited significant biogeographic patterns in both DDR and SAR (p < .05), with taxonomic turnover rates higher than phylogenetic ones. Specifically, the spatial turnover rates, ß and z values, respectively, ranged from 0.016 ± 0.005 to 0.023 ± 0.005 and 0.065 ± 0.002 to 0.077 ± 0.004 across soil strata, and both increased with depth. Moreover, the prokaryotic community in grassland soils assembled mainly according to deterministic rather than stochastic mechanisms. By using normalized stochasticity ratio (NST) based on null model, the relative importance of deterministic ratios increased from 48.0 to 63.3% from Upper to Substratum, meanwhile a phylogenetic based method revealed average ßNTI also increased with depth, from -5.29 to 19.5. Using variation partitioning and distance approaches, both geographic distance and soil properties were found to strongly affect biodiversity structure, the proportions increasing with depth, but spatial distance was always the main underlying factor. These indicated increasingly deterministic proportions in accelerating turnover rates for spatial assembly of prokaryotic biodiversity. Our study provided new insights on biogeography in different strata, revealing importance of assembly patterns and mechanisms of prokaryote communities in below-surface soils.

5.
BMC Microbiol ; 20(1): 278, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graphene oxide (GO) has been suggested as an efficient assistant additive to eliminate non-specific amplification of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Although many studies have focused on exploring its molecular mechanism, the practice of GO on the quantitation of microbial community has not been implemented yet. In this study, GO was added in PCR system to explore the changes on removing typical amplification errors, such as chimera and mismatches on two kinds of mock communities (an evenly mixed and a staggered mock communities) and environmental samples. RESULTS: High-throughput sequencing of bacterial and fungal communities, based on 16S rRNA genes and internal transcribed spacers (ITS) respectively, showed that GO could significantly increase large segmental error (chimeric sequence) in PCR procedure while had no specific effect on point error (mismatched sequence). Besides, GO reduced the α-diversity of community, and changed the composition of fungal community more obviously than bacterial community. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides the first quantitative data on microbial community level to prove the negative effect of GO, and also indicates that there may be a more complex interaction between GO and comprehensive DNA fragments in PCR process.

7.
Environ Int ; 144: 106068, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871382

RESUMO

Atmospheric CO2 concentration is increasing, largely due to anthropogenic activities. Previous studies of individual free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experimental sites have shown significant impacts of elevated CO2 (eCO2) on soil microbial communities; however, no common microbial response patterns have yet emerged, challenging our ability to predict ecosystem functioning and sustainability in the future eCO2 environment. Here we analyzed 66 soil microbial communities from five FACE sites, and showed common microbial response patterns to eCO2, especially for key functional genes involved in carbon and nitrogen fixation (e.g., pcc/acc for carbon fixation, nifH for nitrogen fixation), carbon decomposition (e.g., amyA and pulA for labile carbon decomposition, mnp and lcc for recalcitrant carbon decomposition), and greenhouse gas emissions (e.g., mcrA for methane production, norB for nitrous oxide production) across five FACE sites. Also, the relative abundance of those key genes was generally increased and directionally associated with increased biomass, soil carbon decomposition, and soil moisture. In addition, a further literature survey of more disparate FACE experimental sites indicated increased biomass, soil carbon decay, nitrogen fixation, methane and nitrous oxide emissions, plant and soil carbon and nitrogen under eCO2. A conceptual framework was developed to link commonly responsive functional genes with ecosystem processes, such as pcc/acc vs. soil carbon storage, amyA/pulA/mnp/lcc vs. soil carbon decomposition, and nifH vs. nitrogen availability, suggesting that such common responses of microbial functional genes may have the potential to predict ecosystem functioning and sustainability in the future eCO2 environment.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32824566

RESUMO

The survey of microbial diversity in various environments has relied upon the widespread use of well-evaluated amplification primers for taxonomic marker genes (e.g., prokaryotic 16S and fungal ITS). However, it is urgent to develop a fast and accurate bioinformatic program to design primers for microbial functional genes to explore more mechanisms in the microbial community. Here, we provide a rapid degenerate primer design pipeline (ARDEP) based on the k-mer algorithm, which can bypass the time-consuming step of sequence alignment to greatly reduce run times while ensuring accuracy. In addition, we developed an open-access platform for the implementation of primer design projects that could also calculate the amplification product length, GC content, Annealing Temperature (Tm), and ΔG of primer self-folding, and identify covered species and functional groups. Using this new platform, we designed primers for several functional genes in the nitrogen cycle, including napA and amoA. Our newly designed primers achieved higher coverage than the commonly used primers for all tested genes. The program and the associated platform that applied the k-mer algorithm could greatly enhance the design and evaluation of primers for environmental microbiome studies.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Biologia Computacional , Primers do DNA , Fungos , Microbiota/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(7): 3042-3055, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608876

RESUMO

The volatile organic compound (VOC) emission characteristics of various production procedures were analyzed through GC-MS after the emissions of typical enterprises such as automobile manufacturing, petrochemical, and other industries had been sampled with SUMMA canisters. Each production procedure in the automobile manufacturing and petrochemical industries was considered. The results showed that each automobile manufacturing procedure had its own dominant species, and alkanes (32%) and aromatics (35%) were the main emission species of coating spraying. The emission characteristics of furniture manufacturing were highly correlated with the raw materials, and the VOC emission species were mainly composed of aromatics (50%) and oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) (38%). As for the petrochemical industry, VOC concentrations in various process plant areas ranged from 49 µg·m-3 to 1387 µg·m-3. As the main products of the refining area were C5-C9 gasoline and benzene series, whereas comparatively more solvents were used in the chemical area, which would generate alkene products, VOC concentrations greatly differed in the various process plant areas. In terms of electronic manufacturing, OVOCs were the main emission species, accounting for more than 50% of total VOCs. Alkanes and OVOCs were the main contributors to VOC emissions in shoemaking, accounting for 52% and 36% on average, respectively, which was strongly related to the species of the used solvents. The VOC emission species of automobile manufacturing were quite different, predominantly including n-dodecane and 2-butanone. The emission species of furniture manufacturing mainly included styrene, ethyl acetate, m/p-xylene, etc., which are typical species of coatings and diluents. As for the differences in the emission species of process plant areas in the petrochemical industry, styrene was the main species in the refining area, 1,3-butadiene in the chemical area, C3-C5 alkanes in the storage area, and C6-C8 alkanes in the wastewater treatment area. The main emission species of electronic manufacturing were ethanol, acetone, and other aldehyde ketone species. The emission species of shoemaking enterprises are mainly C5 and C6 alkanes. According to the results of ozone formation potential (OFP), alkenes and aromatics were the main VOC emission species that contribute significantly to the OFP in the automobile manufacturing and petrochemical industries, with relatively high pollution source reaction activity. The results showed that the emission ratio (17%-96%) and OFP contributions of OVOCs were significant in various industries. Therefore, for VOC emission control, in addition to focusing on the control of aromatics and alkenes, attention should also be paid to OVOCs.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 1301, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32595631

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infection-induced osteomyelitis is a great challenge in clinic treatment. Identification of the essential genes and biological processes that are specifically changed in mononuclear cells at an early stage of S. aureus osteomyelitis is of great clinical significance. Based on transcriptional dataset GSE16129 available publicly, a bioinformatic analysis was performed to identify the differentially expressed genes of osteomyelitis caused by S. aureus infection. ERBB2, TWIST1, and NANOG were screened out as the most valuable osteomyelitis-related genes (OMRGs). A mice model of implant-associated S. aureus osteomyelitis was used to verify the above genes. We found significantly up-regulated expression of TWIST1 in macrophages and accumulation of macrophages around the infected implant. Meanwhile, S. aureus infection increased the expression of TWIST1, MMP9, and MMP13, and stimulated the migration and phagocytosis function of Raw 264.7 cells. Additionally, knock-down of the expression of TWIST1 by siRNA could significantly down-regulate MMP9 and MMP13 and suppress the migration and phagocytosis ability of macrophages in response to S. aureus infection. Furthermore, we found that NF-κB signaling was activated in Raw 264.7 cells by S. aureus and that inhibition of NF-κB signaling by Bay11-7082 blocked the expression of TWIST1, MMP9, and MMP13 as well as cell migration and phagocytosis evoked by S. aureus. Our findings demonstrate that NF-κB/TWIST1 is necessary for migration and phagocytosis of macrophages in response to S. aureus infection. Our study highlights the essential role of NF-κB/TWIST1 in early innate immune response to S. aureus infection in bone.

12.
J Med Virol ; 92(10): 2027-2035, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369217

RESUMO

Cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emigrating from Wuhan escalated the risk of spreading the disease in other cities. This report focused on outside-Wuhan patients to assess the transmission and clinical characteristics of this illness. Contact investigation was conducted on each patient who was admitted to the assigned hospitals in Hunan Province (geographically adjacent to Wuhan) from 22 January to 23 February 2020. Cases were confirmed by the polymerase chain reaction test. Demographic, clinical, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. Of the 104 patients, 48 (46.15%) were cases who immigrated from Wuhan; 93 (89.42%) had a definite contact history with infection. Family clusters were the major body of patients. Transmission along the chain of three "generations" was observed. Five asymptomatic infected cases were found and two of them infected their relatives. Mean age was 43 (range, 8-84) years, and 49 (47.12%) were male. The median incubation period was 6 (range, 1-32) days, which of 8 patients ranged from 18 to 32 days, 96 (92.31%) were discharged, and 1 (0.96%) died. The average hospital stay was 10 (range, 8-14) days. Family but not community transmission became the main body of infections in the two centers, suggesting the timely control measures after the Wuhan shutdown worked well. Asymptomatic transmission demonstrated here warned us that it may lead to the widespread of COVID-19. A 14-day quarantine may need to be prolonged.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(19): 10414-10421, 2020 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350143

RESUMO

The rise of oxygen on the early Earth about 2.4 billion years ago reorganized the redox cycle of harmful metal(loids), including that of arsenic, which doubtlessly imposed substantial barriers to the physiology and diversification of life. Evaluating the adaptive biological responses to these environmental challenges is inherently difficult because of the paucity of fossil records. Here we applied molecular clock analyses to 13 gene families participating in principal pathways of arsenic resistance and cycling, to explore the nature of early arsenic biogeocycles and decipher feedbacks associated with planetary oxygenation. Our results reveal the advent of nascent arsenic resistance systems under the anoxic environment predating the Great Oxidation Event (GOE), with the primary function of detoxifying reduced arsenic compounds that were abundant in Archean environments. To cope with the increased toxicity of oxidized arsenic species that occurred as oxygen built up in Earth's atmosphere, we found that parts of preexisting detoxification systems for trivalent arsenicals were merged with newly emerged pathways that originated via convergent evolution. Further expansion of arsenic resistance systems was made feasible by incorporation of oxygen-dependent enzymatic pathways into the detoxification network. These genetic innovations, together with adaptive responses to other redox-sensitive metals, provided organisms with novel mechanisms for adaption to changes in global biogeocycles that emerged as a consequence of the GOE.


Assuntos
Adaptação Biológica/genética , Arsênico/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Adaptação Biológica/fisiologia , Atmosfera , Evolução Biológica , Planeta Terra , Evolução Planetária , Fósseis , Oxirredução
14.
Mol Ecol ; 29(10): 1890-1902, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299139

RESUMO

Biodiversity is the foundation of all ecosystems across the planet, and having a better understanding of its global distribution mechanism could be important for biodiversity conservation under global change. A niche width model, combined with metabolic theory, has successfully predicted the increase of α-diversity and decrease of ß-diversity in the below-ground microbial community along an altitudinal mountain gradient. In this study, we evaluated this niche width model of above-ground plants (mainly trees and shrubs) and below-ground bulk soil microbial communities (i.e., bacteria and archaea) along a latitudinal gradient of forests in China. The niche widths of both plants and microbes increased with increasing temperature and precipitation, and with proximity to circumneutral pH. However, the α- and ß-diversities (observed richness and Bray-Curtis dissimilarity, respectively) could not be accurately predicted by a single niche width model alone, either temperature, precipitation or pH. Considering the interactions among different niche width models, all three niche width models were combined to predict biodiversity at the community level using structural equation modelling. The results showed that the niche width model of circumneutral pH was most important in predicting diversity profiling (i.e., α- and ß-diversity) for both plants and microbes, while niche width of precipitation and temperature showed both direct and indirect importance for microbe and plant biodiversity, respectively. Because the current niche width model neglects several scenarios related to taxon and environmental attributes, it still needs to be treated with caution in predicting biodiversity trends.

15.
Theor Appl Genet ; 133(7): 2239-2257, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285164

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Two novel resistant QTLs mapped and candidate genes identified for Aspergillus flavus resistance in cultivated peanut using SLAF-seq. Aflatoxin contamination in peanuts caused by Aspergillus flavus is a serious food safety issue for human health around the world. Host plant resistance to fungal infection and reduction in aflatoxin are crucial for mitigating this problem. Identification of the resistance-linked markers can be used in marker-assisted breeding for varietal development. Here we report construction of two high-density genetic linkage maps with 1975 SNP loci and 5022 SNP loci, respectively. Two consistent quantitative trait loci (QTL) were identified as qRAF-3-1 and qRAF-14-1, which located on chromosomes A03 and B04, respectively. QTL qRAF-3-1 was mapped within 1.67 cM and had more than 19% phenotypic variance explained (PVE), while qRAF-14-1 was located within 1.34 cM with 5.15% PVE. While comparing with the reference genome, the mapped QTLs, qRAF-3-1 and qRAF-14-1, were located within a physical distance of 1.44 Megabase pair (Mbp) and 2.22 Mbp, harboring 67 and 137 genes, respectively. Among the identified candidate genes, six genes with the same function were found within both QTLs regions. In addition, putative disease resistance RPP13-like protein 1 (RPP13), lipoxygenase (Lox), WRKY transcription factor (WRKY) and cytochrome P450 71B34 genes were also identified. Using microarray analysis, genes responded to A. flavus infection included coding for RPP13, pentatricopeptide repeat-containing-like protein, and Lox which may be possible candidate genes for resistance to A. flavus. The QTLs and candidate genes will further facilitate marker development and validation of genes for deployment in the molecular breeding programs against A. flavus in peanuts.

16.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 131, 2020 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia increases the risk of tendon pain and tendon rupture. Tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) play a vital role in the development of tendinopathy. Our previous research found that high cholesterol inhibits tendon-related gene expression in TDSCs. Whether high cholesterol has other biological effects on TDSCs remains unknown. METHODS: TDSCs isolated from female SD rats were exposed to 10 mg/dL cholesterol for 24 h. Then, cell apoptosis was assessed using flow cytometry and fluorescence microscope. RFP-GFP-LC3 adenovirus transfection was used for measuring autophagy. Signaling transduction was measured by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. In addition, Achilles tendons from ApoE -/- mice fed with a high-fat diet were histologically assessed using HE staining and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: In this work, we verified that 10 mg/dL cholesterol suppressed cell proliferation and migration and induced G0/G1 phase arrest. Additionally, cholesterol induced apoptosis and autophagy simultaneously in TDSCs. Apoptosis induction was related to increased expression of cleaved caspase-3 and BAX and decreased expression of Bcl-xL. The occurrence of autophagic flux and accumulation of LC3-II demonstrated the induction of autophagy by cholesterol. Compared with the effects of cholesterol treatment alone, the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) enhanced apoptosis, while the apoptosis inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK diminished cholesterol-induced autophagy. Moreover, cholesterol triggered reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and activated the AKT/FOXO1 pathway, while the ROS scavenger NAC blocked cholesterol-induced activation of the AKT/FOXO1 pathway. NAC and the FOXO1 inhibitor AS1842856 rescued the apoptosis and autophagy induced by cholesterol. Finally, high cholesterol elevated the expression of cleaved caspase-3, Bax, LC3-II, and FOXO1 in vivo. CONCLUSION: The present study indicated that high cholesterol induced apoptosis and autophagy through ROS-activated AKT/FOXO1 signaling in TDSCs, providing new insights into the mechanism of hypercholesterolemia-induced tendinopathy. High cholesterol induces apoptosis and autophagy through the ROS-activated AKT/FOXO1 pathway in tendon-derived stem cells.

17.
Environ Res ; 184: 109392, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209499

RESUMO

The accelerated development and application of graphene-family nanomaterials (GFNs) have increased their release to various environments and converged in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, little is known about the interactions between GFNs and microbes in WWTPs. In this study, the interaction of graphene oxide (GO) or graphene (G) at different concentrations with microbial communities in sequential batch reactors was investigated. Transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy analyses showed that the structures of GFNs were obviously changed, which suggested GFNs could be degraded by some microbes. Significantly higher DNA concentration and lower cell number in high-concentration GO group were detected by DNA leakage test and qPCR analysis, which confirmed the microbial toxicity of GO. The chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen removals were significantly affected by G and GO with high concentrations. Further, high-throughput sequencing confirmed the composition and dynamic changes of microbial communities under GFNs exposure. Saccharibacteria genera incertae sedis (12.55-28.05%) and Nakamurella (20.45-29.30%) were the predominant genera at two stages, respectively. FAPROTAX suggested 12 functional groups with obvious changes related to the biogeochemical cycle of C, N and S. Molecular ecological network analysis showed that the networks were more complex in the presence of GFNs, and the increased negative interactions reflected more competition relationships in microbial communities. This study is the first to report the effect of GFNs on network of microbial communities, which provides in-depth insights into the complex and highlights concerns regarding the risk of GFNs to WWTPs.


Assuntos
Grafite , Microbiota , Nanoestruturas , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Grafite/toxicidade , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Águas Residuárias
18.
Environ Res ; 183: 109145, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035407

RESUMO

To investigate the influence of antibiotics on microbial interactions in a biofilm community, we set up eight replicate reactors of microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) and applied a broad-spectrum antibiotic florfenical (FLO) as an environmental disturbance. According to the results, exposure to FLO resulted in degradation of reactor performance. The MEC could also rebound back to the comparably stable state at a certain time which exhibited a great resilience ability in response to antibiotic disturbance. The FLO perturbation showed a significant influence on the electroactive biofilms (EABs) with a distinct reformation of the community structure. Network analysis revealed that microbial interactions in the biofilms after full recovery became much closer, with a rapid increase in the positive interactions between the predominant genus Geobacter and other microorganisms as compared to the stage before FLO disturbance. Moreover, the keystone species in the networks after full recovery possessed more connections between Geobacter and potential synergistic species. Our results demonstrated that FLO, with broad-spectrum antibacterial ability, could restructure the EABs with more positive interactions for hydrogen production. This study demonstrated the response mechanisms of the MECs to the antibiotic disturbance, providing a scientific reference for the rapid development of this biotechnology to treat wastewater containing antibiotics.


Assuntos
Interações Microbianas , Tianfenicol/análogos & derivados , Águas Residuárias , Eletrólise , Hidrogênio , Tianfenicol/farmacologia
19.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 6(1): 8, 2020 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060424

RESUMO

The microbiota colonizing the root endophytic compartment and surrounding rhizosphere soils contribute to plant growth and health. However, the key members of plant soil and endophytic microbial communities involved in inhibiting or assisting pathogen invasion remain elusive. By utilizing 16S high-throughput sequencing and a molecular ecological network (MEN) approach, we systematically studied the interactions within bacterial communities in plant endophytic compartments (stem and root) and the surrounding soil (bulk and rhizosphere) during bacterial wilt invasion. The endophytic communities were found to be strongly influenced by pathogen invasion according to analysis of microbial diversity and community structure and composition. Endophytic communities of the infected plants were primarily derived from soil communities, as assessed by the SourceTracker program, but with rare migration from soil communities to endophytic communities observed in healthy plants. Soil and endophytic microbiomes from infected plants showed modular topology and greater complexity in network analysis, and a higher number of interactions than those in healthy plants. Furthermore, interactions among microbial members revealed that pathogenic Ralstonia members were positively correlated with several bacterial genera, including Delftia, Stenotrophomonas, Bacillus, Clostridium XlVa, Fontibacillus, Acidovorax, Herminiimonas, and three unclassified bacterial genera, in infected plant roots. Our findings indicated that the pathogen invasion in the rhizosphere and endophytic compartments may be highly associated with bacteria that are normally not detrimental, and sometimes even beneficial, to plants.

20.
Nanoscale ; 12(8): 5217-5226, 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32073023

RESUMO

A deep understanding of the interactions between nanomaterials and biomolecules is critical for biomedical applications of nanomaterials. In this paper, we study the binding patterns, structural stabilities and diffusions of a double stranded DNA (dsDNA) segment on two recently reported graphene derivatives, boronic graphene (BC3) and nitrogenized graphene (C3N), with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Our results demonstrate that dsDNA exhibits a highly favored binding mode with an upright orientation on BC3 and C3N, independent of the initial configurations. In contrast to graphene (GRA) which demonstrates a cytotoxic feature, BC3 and C3N show high biocompatibility without causing evident structural distortions to the dsDNA duplex, benefitting from the periodic atomic charge distributions. Most interestingly, highly directional dsDNA transport is realized by formation of BC3/GRA and C3N/GRA in-plane heterojunctions, where the dsDNA migrating direction is uniformly BC3 → GRA → C3N. Furthermore, free energy profiling calculated by the umbrella sampling technique quantitatively supports these observations. Insights from our study would potentiate and guide future studies of graphenic 2D materials and bring about a flourishing new branch of in-plane heterojunction applications as targeted drug delivery templates in biomedical research.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA