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1.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 930, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Foxo3 gene, belonging to the forkhead family, is one of the classes of transcription factors characterized by a forkhead DNA-binding domain, which usually considered being a cancer suppressor gene. Circ-Foxo3 is a circular structure which connects the 3'end to the 5'end. Scholars detected that circ-Foxo3 could compete with Foxo3 for binding to some miRNAs. METHODS: In this study, we will test the expression of Foxo3 and circ-Foxo3 in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients to explore the relationship between Foxo3 gene and circ-Foxo3. All the de novo AML samples and normal control samples was measured by real-time quantitative PCR. A receiver operating characteristic curve was conducted to differentiate AML patients from control people. Association of Foxo3 expression and overall survival was conducted by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. RESULTS: We found that the expression of Foxo3 gene in de novo patients was significantly lower than control samples (P = 0.009). Meanwhile, circ-Foxo3 also expressed lower in de novo AML patients than in control samples (P = 0.040). In different classifications, this trend could be observed more remarkably. In non-M3 patients, the Foxo3 high patients' survival time was longer than Foxo3 low patients (P = 0.002). Besides, in non-favorable risk groups, patients with low expression of Foxo3 had longer survival time than Foxo3 high patients (P = 0.004). Furthermore, in normal Karyotypic patients, the overall survival time of patients with high-expressed Foxo3 was significantly longer than those with low expression (P = 0.034). Besides, Pearson analysis was also conducted between these two genes in AML patients. Results revealed that they were positively correlated (R = 0.63, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we found that low expression of circ-Foxo3 and Foxo3 were frequent in AML patients, and patients with high expression of Foxo3 often had a trend of better prognosis.

2.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 4952-4959, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The transcription factor Oct-4 is necessary for maintaining pluripotency and self-renewal of embryonic stem cells, and POU5F1B is a processed pseudogene of Oct-4 with coding capacity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the expression and clinical implication of POU5F1B in AML. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression of the POU5F1B transcript was evaluated in 175 newly diagnosed AML patients and 39 healthy controls by use of real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR). RESULTS POU5F1B was underexpressed in AML compared with controls (P<0.001). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve revealed that the POU5F1B transcript level was able to differentiate AML patients from healthy individuals (AUC=0.682). In non-APL AML patients, the POU5F1Blow group had significantly higher WBC than the POU5F1Bhigh group (20.2×109 vs. 4.6×109 L⁻¹, P=0.021). Among whole-cohort AML, non-APL AML, and intermediate-risk AML, POU5F1Bhigh patients had obviously higher complete remission (CR) rates than POU5F1Blow patients (P=0.012, P=0.012 and P=0.027). In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated better overall survival (OS, P=0.019, P=0.007 and P=0.046, respectively) in POU5F1Bhigh patients compared with POU5F1Blow patients. Furthermore, in multivariate survival analysis, POU5F1B was independently associated with OS in non-APL AML patients and intermediate-risk AML as a favorable prognostic factor. CONCLUSIONS POU5F1B was frequently underexpressed in AML, and might contribute to the diagnosis and prognosis of AML.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(10): 3376-3391, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147526

RESUMO

MircoRNA-335 (miR-335) has been reported as a significant cancer-associated microRNA, which was often epigenetically silenced and acted as a tumor suppressor gene in diverse human solid tumors. Conversely, recent studies show that miR-335 overexpression was identified in both adult and pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML), suggesting that it might play an oncogenic role of miR-335 in AML. However, the role of miR-335 during leukemogenesis remains to be elucidated. MiR-335/ID4 expression was detected by real-time quantitative PCR and/or western blot. Survival analysis was performed to explore the association between miR-335/ID4 expression and the prognosis, and further validated by public databases. Gain-of-function experiments determined by cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation were conducted to investigate the biological functions of miR-335/ID4. Herein, we found that miR-335 expression, independent of its methylation, was significantly increased and negatively correlated with reduced ID4 expression in AML. Moreover, aberrant miR-335/ID4 expression independently affected chemotherapy response and leukemia-free/overall survival in patients with AML. Gain-of-function experiments in vitro showed the oncogenic role of miR-335 by affecting cell apoptosis and proliferation in AML, and could be rescued by ID4 restoration. Mechanistically, we identified and verified that miR-335/ID4 contributed to leukemogenesis through activating PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Collectively, aberrant miR-335/ID4 expression was an independent prognostic biomarker in AML. MiR-335/ID4 dysregulation facilitated leukemogenesis through the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

4.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 102, 2019 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leukemia stem cell (LSC)-enriched genes have been shown to be highly prognostic in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic value of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) that are repressed early in LSC remains largely unknown. METHODS: We compared the public available expression/methylation profiling data of LSCs with that of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), in order to identify potential tumor suppressor genes in LSC. The prognostic relevance of PCDH17 was analyzed on a cohort of 173 AML patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and further validated in three independent cohorts (n = 339). RESULTS: We identified protocadherin17 (PCDH17) and demonstrated that it was significantly down-regulated and hypermethylated in LSCs compared with HSCs. Our analyses of primary AML patient samples also confirmed these deregulations. Clinically, low PCDH17 expression was associated with female sex (P = 0.01), higher WBC (P < 0.0001), higher percentages of blasts in bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) (P = 0.04 and < 0.001, respectively), presence of FLT3-internal tandem duplications (P = 0.002), mutated NPM1 (P = 0.02), and wild-type TP53 (P = 0.005). Moreover, low PCDH17 expression predicted worse overall survival (OS) in four independent cohorts as well as in the molecularly defined subgroups of AML patients. In multivariable analyses, low PCDH17 expression retained independent prognostic value for OS. Biologically, PCDH17 expression-associated gene signatures were characterized by deregulations of EMT- and Wnt pathway-related genes. CONCLUSIONS: PCDH17 gene was silenced by DNA methylation in AML. Low PCDH17 expression is associated with distinct clinical and biological features and improves risk stratification in patients with AML.

5.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(5): 3317-3324, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793488

RESUMO

The clinical activity of decitabine (5-aza-2-deoxycytidine, DAC), a hypomethylating agent, has been demonstrated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. However, secondary resistance to this agent often occurs during treatment and leads to treatment failure. It is important to clarify the mechanisms underlying the resistance for improving the efficacy. In this study, by gradually increasing concentration after a continuous induction of DAC, we established the DAC-resistant K562 cell line (K562/DAC) from its parental cell line K562. The proliferation and survival rate of K562/DAC was significantly increased, whereas the apoptosis rate was remarkably decreased than that of K562 after DAC treatment. In K562/DAC, a total of 108 genes were upregulated and 118 genes were downregulated by RNA-Seq. In addition, we also observed aberrant expression of DDX43/H19/miR-186 axis (increased DDX43/H19 and decreased miR-186) in K562/DAC cells. Ectopic expression of DDX43 in parental K562 cells rendered cells resistant to the DAC. Taken together, we successfully established DAC-resistant K562 cell line which can serve as a good model for investigating DAC resistance mechanisms, and DDX43/H19/miR-186 may be involved in DAC resistance in K562.

6.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 1204-1213, 2019 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The POU domain class 5 transcription factor 1B (POU5F1B), is a pseudogene that is homologous to octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4), and is located adjacent to the MYC gene on human chromosome 8q24. POU5F1B has been reported to be transcribed in several types of cancer, but its role in cervical cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the expression and function of POU5F1B in tissue samples of human cervical cancer and in cervical cancer cell lines in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to quantify POU5F1B expression in cervical cancer tissues and in SiHa, HeLa, CaSki, and C33A human cervical cancer cell lines. Functional in vitro studies included analysis of the effects of POU5F1B expression on cervical cancer cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis using a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, cell migration assays, and flow cytometry. Luciferase activity assays, qRT-PCR, and Western blot were performed to confirm the expression of POU5F1B. RESULTS POU5F1B was significantly upregulated in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Interference with the expression of POU5F1B significantly inhibited cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion, and induced apoptosis in vitro. Western blot demonstrated that POU5F1B could modulate the expression of the OCT4 protein. CONCLUSIONS POU5F1B was upregulated in cervical cancer and down-regulation inhibited cell proliferation and migration and induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cell lines by modulating OCT4. Further studies are required to determine whether POU5F1B might be a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker or therapeutic target in cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adulto , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Genes myc , Células HeLa , Xenoenxertos , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/biossíntese , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/biossíntese , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/metabolismo , Pseudogenes , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
7.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(2): 322-328, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: SOX7 downregulation caused by its promoter methylation was associated with poor survival in several types of human solid tumors. However, the pattern of SOX7 methylation and its clinical significance are less studied in hematological malignancies. Herein, we evaluated the methylation pattern of SOX7 in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and determined its clinical implication in patients with MDS. METHODS: SOX7 methylation was determined by real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR (RQ-MSP) in 99 MDS patients. Bisulfite sequencing PCR was applied to confirm the results of RQ-MSP. RESULTS: SOX7 methylation was detected in 55.6% of 99 patients but not in healthy donors. No correlation was found between SOX7 methylation and clinical parameters including patient age, gender, white blood cell count, hemoglobin, and platelet count. However, patients with SOX7 methylation harbored more U2AF1 mutation than patients without SOX7 methylation (P = 0.015). Kaplan-Meier curves indicated that the patients with SOX7 methylation presented reduced overall survival (OS) (P = 0.034). Furthermore, subgroup analysis indicated that SOX7 methylation was associated with poor OS in male patients (P = 0.034) and in patients older than 60 years (P = 0.019). According to the multivariate analysis, SOX7 methylation remained as an independent prognosis factor in MDS patients both as dichotomous (HR = 2.14, P = 0.041) and as continuous (HR = 1.55, P = 0.042) variable. Importantly, SOX7 methylation was significantly increased during progression from MDS to secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated that SOX7 methylation conferred adverse prognosis in MDS patients and was associated with leukemia progression.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXF/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Adulto Jovem
8.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 4999-5007, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464600

RESUMO

Background and purpose: Abundant studies have shown that lncRNA PANDAR plays an oncogenic role in human solid tumors. Although abnormal expression of PANDAR has been well investigated in solid tumors, it was rarely studied in hematologic diseases. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the PANDAR expression level and its clinical significance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Materials and methods: For detecting the expression level of PANDAR in 119 AML patients and 26 controls, real-time quantitative PCR was used in this study. The prognostic values were evaluated by using Kaplan-Meier analysis, Cox regression analyses, and logistic regression analysis. Results: PANDAR was significantly overexpressed in AML and might be a promising biomarker which could distinguish AML from normal samples (P<0.001). Patients with high expression of PANDAR (PANDAR high) were older and showed higher bone marrow blasts than patients in PANDAR low group (P=0.029 and 0.032, respectively). Significant differences between these groups were also detected regarding risk group and karyotype finding (P=0.009 and 0.041, respectively). Importantly, PANDAR high patients presented a significant lower complete remission rate compared to PANDAR low patients (P<0.001). Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that PANDAR high patients had shorter overall survival compared to PANDAR low patients observing the whole AML cohort, and also in the non-M3 group of patients (P<0.001 and P=0.005, respectively). Multivariate analysis of Cox and logistic regression analysis confirmed that high PANDAR expression was an independent unfavorable risk factor for overall survival and complete remission in both observed patient groups. Conclusion: These results revealed that PANDAR was overexpressed in AML, and that higher PANDAR expression was associated with poor clinical outcome. Our study therefore suggests that PANDAR expression is a promising biomarker for prognostic prediction for AML.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 2018 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317626

RESUMO

The current study was aimed to investigate integrin beta-like 1 (ITGBL1) methylation pattern and its clinical relevance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Real-time methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR; RQ-MSP) and bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) were performed to detect the methylation of ITGBL1 promoter. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was performed to analyze ITGBL1 transcript level. The results showed that ITGBL1 methylation level in 131 patients with AML was significantly higher than 29 controls (p < 0.001). The ITGBL1-hypermethylated group tended to have a higher bone marrow (BM) blasts ( p = 0.076). Meanwhile, ITGBL1-hypermethylated patients tended to have a lower complete remission (CR) rate ( p = 0.102). ITGBL1-hypermethylated patients had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) than ITGBL1 hypomethylated patients in whole AML cohort ( p = 0.009 and 0.043, respectively) and patients with nonacute promyelocytic leukemia (APL ; p = 0.023 and 0.039, respectively). Multivariate analysis confirmed that the ITGBL1 methylation served as an independent prognostic factor in both patients with whole-cohort AML ( p = 0.030) and patients with non-APL ( p = 0.020). Furthermore, the ITGBL1 methylation level was significantly decreased in follow-up AML patients who achieved complete remission after induction therapy ( P = 0.001). ITGBL1 methylation negatively correlated with ITGBL1 expression in patients with AML ( R = -0.328, p = 0.008). Moreover, demethylation of ITGBL1 could increase the ITGBL1 expression in the K562 leukemic cell line ( p < 0.05). In conclusion, the ITGBL1 hypermethylation is a potential biomarker for predicting prognosis and monitoring disease status in patients with AML.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30152863

RESUMO

The focus of this study was to investigate the expression status of Circ-vimentin (VIM) and further analyze its pathogenesis and clinical significance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was carried on Circ-VIM in 113 AML patients and 42 healthy controls. Circ-VIM was significantly upregulated in AML compared with control and was positively correlated with white blood cells (WBC) count. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that the performance of Circ-VIM expression could serve as a promising biomarker for differentiating AML patients from controls. Significant correlations of Circ-VIM expression were found with WBC and French-American-British classifications. Survival analyses further showed that over-expressed Circ-VIM were associated with markedly shorter overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) in whole-cohort AML, nonacute promyelocytic leukemia AML and cytogenetically normal-AML patients. Multivariate analysis also disclosed that Circ-VIM over-expression was an independent poor prognostic factor for OS and LFS in AML patients. Remarkably, Pearson correlation analysis evidenced that the expression of Circ-VIM was positively correlated with VIM expression in all AML patients. These results indicated that overexpression Circ-VIM could serve as a significant biomarker.

11.
Acta Haematol ; 139(2): 89-95, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29393096

RESUMO

FUS1 is a tumor suppressor gene that has been found to be frequently lost in a variety of solid tumors. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression status of the FUS1 gene in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), as well as its clinical significance. We further explored the correlation between the expression of FUS1 and miR-378 in AML. We detected expression of the FUS1 transcript in bone marrow mononuclear cells from 23 controls and 158 newly diagnosed AML patients by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Downregulated FUS1 expression was found in 139 out of 158 (87.97%) AML cases; this rate was significantly lower than that in all 23 controls (p = 0.012). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the FUS1 transcript level could discriminate AML patients from controls effectively (area under the ROC curve = 0.663). Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that non-M3-AML patients with a low FUS1 expression had a shorter overall survival (p = 0.049) and leukemia-free survival (p = 0.051) than those with a high FUS1 expression. Furthermore, we studied the correlation between the expression of FUS1 and miR-378 in 53 newly diagnosed AML patients. We found that the correlation coefficient was -0.346, which showed that FUS1 and miR-378 were negatively correlated in AML patients (p = 0.011). These results indicate that the low expression of FUS1 is a common molecular event in AML.

12.
Mol Carcinog ; 57(6): 735-744, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457658

RESUMO

The present study was aimed to investigate SCIN expression as well as promoter methylation and further explore their clinical relevance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Real-time quantitative PCR was carried out to detect the expression level of SCIN in 119 AML patients and 37 healthy controls. Real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR and bisulfite sequencing PCR were carried out to detect SCIN promoter methylation levels in 103 AML patients and 29 controls. As compared with controls, the level of SCIN transcript was significantly down-regulated in AML patients (P = 0.001), and the level of methylated SCIN promoter was significantly higher in AML patients (P = 0.001). Moreover, the level of promoter methylation was weakly negatively correlated with SCIN expression in AML patients (R = -0.265, P = 0.027). Demethylation of SCIN promoter by 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine could restore its expression in leukemic cell line THP1. The age of SCINlow patients was significantly higher and C/EBPA mutation was significantly less than SCINhigh patients (P = 0.039 and 0.038, respectively). Moreover, the rate of complete remission (CR) of SCINlow patients was significantly lower than SCINhigh patients (P = 0.009). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that low SCIN expression was associated with shorter overall survival (P = 0.036). Cox regression analysis demonstrated low SCIN expression was an independent poor prognostic factor (P = 0.047). Furthermore, SCIN expression was restored in those patients who achieved CR after induction therapy (P = 0.003). These findings indicate that decreased SCIN expression associated with its promoter methylation is a valuable biomarker for predicting adverse prognosis in AML patients.

13.
J Cell Physiol ; 233(9): 6604-6614, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29150948

RESUMO

DOK-1 and DOK-2 (DOK1/2) are closely related members of downstream of tyrosine kinase (DOK) family genes, which are found to be frequently rearranged in several hematopoietic cancers. However, the clinical implications of DOK1/2 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain largely unknown. To investigate the clinical significance, real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) was carried out to detect DOK1/2 expressions in 125 de novo AML patients and 28 healthy controls. Real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR (RQ-MSP) and bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) were applied to detect DOK1/2 methylation level and density. DOK1/2 expressions were significantly down-regulated in AML patients. The promoters of DOK1/2 were highly hypermethylated and negatively correlated with DOK1/2 expressions in AML patients. In addition, we also confirmed that DOK1/2 expressions could be restored by DOK1/2 demethylation using 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine in leukemia cell line THP-1. Survival analyses showed that low-expressed DOK1/2 were associated with markedly shorter overall survival and leukemia free survival in both whole-cohort AML and non-M3 AML patients. Multivariate analyses further revealed that DOK1/2 were act as independent prognostic factors in AML patients. These findings indicate that decreased DOK1/2 expressions associated with their promoter hypermethylations predict adverse prognosis in AML.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 233(4): 3274-3281, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28884855

RESUMO

Accumulating studies have shown that miR-216b acted as a tumor suppressor and was down-regulated in solid tumors. However, little studies revealed the role or clinical implication of miR-216b in blood cancers. Herein, we reported miR-216b expression and its clinical significance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In the current study, we analyzed bone marrow (BM) miR-216b expression in 115 de novo AML patients examined by real-time quantitative PCR. Notably, BM miR-216b expression was significantly up-regulated in AML patients, and could serve as a potential biomarker distinguishing AML from controls. No significant correlations of BM miR-216 expression were found with sex, age, white blood cells, hemoglobin, platelets, BM blasts, French-American-British classifications, and karyotypes. Significantly, patients with high miR-216b expression tended to have a lower frequency of FLT3-ITD mutation and higher incidence of U2AF1 and IDH1/2 mutations. Moreover, complete remission (CR) rate and overall survival were negatively affected by BM miR-216b overexpression among cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML). Cox regression analyses showed that high BM miR-216b expression may act as an independent risk factor in CN-AML patients. Among the follow-up patients, BM miR-216b level in CR phase was markedly lower than in diagnosis time, and was returned in relapse phase. Collectively, our findings indicated that miR-216b overexpression was a frequent event in de novo AML, and independently conferred a poor prognosis in CN-AML. Moreover, miR-216b expression was a valuable biomarker correlated with disease recurrence in AML.

15.
J Cell Physiol ; 233(3): 2444-2450, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28776669

RESUMO

Previous study has revealed that H19 expression is required for efficient tumor growth induced by BCR-ABL in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Herein, we further determined H19 expression and its clinical implication in patients with CML. H19 expression and methylation were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR, and then clinical implication of H19 expression was further analyzed. H19 expression was significantly up-regulated in CML patients (p < 0.001). H19 expression with an area under receiver operating characteristic curve value of 0.824 might serve as a promising biomarker in distinguishing CML patients from controls. The patients with high H19 expression had a tendency of higher white blood cells and BCR-ABL transcript than those with low H19 expression. H19 overexpression occurred with the higher frequency in blast crisis stage (11/11, 100%), lower in accelerated phase (3/5, 60%), and chronic phase (42/62, 66%) stages. Moreover, paired patients during disease progression with increased BCR-ABL transcript also showed a significant upregulation of H19 expression. Meanwhile, H19 expression was decreased in follow-up patients who achieved complete molecular remission after tyrosine kinase inhibitors-based therapy. Epigenetic studies showed that H19 differentially methylated region/imprinting control region (DMR/ICR) was hypomethylated and associated with H19 expression in CML patients. Moreover, demethylation of H19 DMR/ICR reactivated H19 expression in K562 cells. Collectively, H19 overexpression, a frequent event in CML, was associated with higher BCR-ABL transcript involving in disease progression. Moreover, H19 DMR/ICR hypomethylation in CML may be one of the mechanisms mediating H19 overexpression.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/metabolismo , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células K562 , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/metabolismo , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
16.
Oncotarget ; 8(54): 92536-92544, 2017 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29190935

RESUMO

Chemerin is dysregulation in numerous solid cancers. However, only little is known about the role of chemerin in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression and clinical significance of recently described chemerin in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The expression of chemerin in 149 patients with de novo AML and 35 normal controls was quantified by Real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR). Chemerin was down-expressed in AML compared with controls (P=0.042). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve revealed that chemerin expression could differentiate patients with AML from control subjects (AUC=0.611, 95% CI: 0.490-0.732; P=0.042) respectively. The cohort of AML patients was divided into two groups according to the cut-off value of 0.0826 (79% sensitivity and 54% specificity, respectively). In addition, the AML patients with low chemerin expression had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) than those with high chemerin expression (P=0.049). Moreover, multivariate survival analysis confirmed that chemerin was an independent prognostic factor for AML patients. In conclusion, downregulation of chemerin might be a useful diagnostic and prognostic factor for AML patients.

17.
Oncotarget ; 8(39): 66087-66097, 2017 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29029494

RESUMO

The prognostic value of RAS mutations has been systematically investigated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, clinical significance of RAS expressions in AML remains poorly determined. To explore the clinical significance, we analyzed KRAS and NRAS expressions in 143 de novo AML patients by real-time quantitative PCR. KRAS and NRAS expressions were significantly up-regulated in AML patients. KRAS and NRAS mutations were identified in 4% (6/143) and 8% (12/143) of these patients, respectively. However, no significant association was observed between RAS mutations and expressions. High KRAS expression was associated with older age, higher white blood cells, and a tendency of higher platelets, whereas high NRAS expression was only correlated with older age. Complete remission (CR) rate and overall survival of AML patients were adversely affected by KRAS overexpression, but not NRAS overexpression. Multivariate analysis revealed that KRAS acted as an independent prognostic predictor in cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML). Moreover, the prognostic value of KRAS expression was validated using the published data from Gene Expression Omnibus datasets. In the follow-up patients, KRAS expression rather than NRAS expression in CR time tended to decrease compared to newly diagnosis time, and both KRAS and NRAS expressions were significantly increased when in relapse time. Our findings revealed that RAS overexpression and mutations were common events in AML with potential therapeutic target value. KRAS overexpression independent of RAS mutations conferred an adverse prognosis in CN-AML.

18.
Cancer Biomark ; 18(3): 305-312, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was intended to investigate the expression status of Vimentin 2p (VIM 2p), a pseudogene of Vimentin, and further analyze its clinical significance in AML patients. METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) was employed to explore the expression status of VIM 2p in 128 patients with de novo AML and 36 healthy controls. RESULTS: The expression level of VIM 2p was significantly decreased compared with healthy controls (P< 0.001). The patients with low VIM 2p expression were identified in 93 of 128 (73%) of AML patients. No significant differences could be observed in sex, age, blood parameters, FAB/WHO subtypes, karyotype risks and ten gene mutations (FLT3-ITD, NPM1, C-KIT, IDH1/IDH2, DNMT3 A, C/EBPA, N/K-RAS and U2AF1) between VIM 2p low-expressed and high-expressed patients (P> 0.05). Patients with low VIM 2p expression had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) than those with high VIM 2p expression in whole AML cases (median 7 vs. 13 months, respectively, P= 0.032), besides cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML) and non-M3 AML cohort (P= 0.042 and 0.045, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that VIM 2p down-regulation is a common event in AML and may be associated with poor clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Pseudogenes , Vimentina/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Cariótipo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 55(1): 123-131, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27305704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical process which involves in tumor metastasis. As an important EMT marker gene, CDH1 (E-cadherin) expression and its clinical implication in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain largely elusive. METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) was carried out to examine CDH1 transcript level in 123 de novo AML patients and 34 controls. RESULTS: Compared with controls, CDH1 was significantly downregulated in AML (p<0.001). The median level of CDH1 expression divided total AML patients into CDH1 low-expressed (CDH11ow) and CDH1 high-expressed (CDH1high) groups. There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, peripheral blood cell counts, complete remission (CR) rate, and the distribution of FAB/WHO subtypes as well as karyotypes/karyotypic classifications (p>0.05). However, CDH11ow group tended to have a higher bone marrow (BM) blasts (p=0.093). The spearman correlation analysis further illustrated a trend towards a negative correlation between CDH1 expression level and BM blasts (r=-0.214, p=0.052). CDH1low group had a tendency towards a lower frequency of N/K-RAS mutations (p=0.094). Furthermore, CDH1low patients had markedly shorter overall survival (OS) time in cytogenetic normal AML (CN-AML) (p=0.019). Both univariate and multivariate analyses confirmed the prognostic value of CDH1 expression in CN-AML patients (p=0.027 and 0.033, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: CDH1 downregulation acted as an independent prognostic biomarker in CN-AML patients.


Assuntos
Caderinas/genética , Análise Citogenética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD , Biomarcadores/análise , Criança , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Adulto Jovem
20.
Cancer Med ; 6(1): 267-274, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27891827

RESUMO

Epigenetic inactivation of GPX3 has been identified in various cancers including leukemia. Moreover, aberrant DNA methylation was also found as a dominant mechanism of disease progression in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). This study intended to explore GPX3 promoter methylation and its clinical relevance in 110 patients with MDS. GPX3 methylation was examined by real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR (RQ-MSP) and bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP). GPX3 methylation was identified in 15% (17/110) MDS patients, and significantly higher than controls, and lower than acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients (P = 0.024 and 0.041). GPX3 methylated patients had older age and higher frequency of DNMT3A mutation (P = 0.015 and 0.066). Cases with GPX3 methylation showed significantly shorter overall survival (OS) time than those with GPX3 unmethylation analyzed with Kaplan-Meier analysis (P = 0.012). Moreover, Cox regression analysis revealed that GPX3 methylation might act as an independent prognostic indicator in MDS (HR = 1.847, P = 0.072). GPX3 methylation density was significantly increased during the progression from MDS to secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) in three follow-up paired patients. Our study concludes that GPX3 methylation in bone marrow is associated with adverse prognosis and leukemia transformation in MDS.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/genética , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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