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1.
Retina ; 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605675
2.
Retina ; 41(3): 563-571, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600133

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare pseudocolor Optos ultrawidefield (UWF) retinal images with conventional real-color fundus photography (CFP) for detecting macular hyperpigmentary changes in intermediate age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: This retrospective study included 50 patients diagnosed with intermediate age-related macular degeneration. All patients underwent Optos imaging and CFP. The overall accuracy to visualize hyperpigmentation and its morphologic features was graded by two independent readers using a standardized grid. Structural and en face optical coherence tomography images were correlated with UWF and CFP images to determine spatial correspondence of pigment clumping on fundus images and hyperreflective foci on optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: One hundred eyes of 50 patients had hyperpigmentary changes on funduscopic examination and were included. The intragraders and intergraders agreements were high for all measurements (P < 0.001). At least one hyperpigmentary changes within the standardized grid was detected in 93% using CFP and 100% using UWF camera (P = 0.02). The total area of hyperpigmentation measured on UWF images was significantly higher than on CFP images (P < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between the presence of hyperpigmentary changes on both CFP and UWF images and hyperreflective foci on structural optical coherence tomography (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Ultrawidefield fundus images allow high detection and accurate quantification of macular hyperpigmentary changes in intermediate age-related macular degeneration compared with conventional CFP.

5.
Ophthalmology ; 128(1): 151, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349340
6.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120972023, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153297

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neonatal herpes infections can be extremely severe and their early recognition allows for appropriate management and increases the child's chances of survival. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a premature infant born by vaginal delivery and transferred to intensive care after neonatal misadaptation. Examination of the fundus revealed lesions of acute bilateral retinal necrosis, strongly suggesting a herpetic etiology. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the clinical benefit of an ophthalmologic exam in newborns with equivocal brain lesions. Herein, the fundus examination allowed for high suspicion of herpes virus infection.

8.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 28(8): 1293-1297, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021856

RESUMO

A 53-year-old man presented with acute loss of vision, negative scotoma and dyschromatopsia in his left eye. He reported contact with people with severe respiratory syndrome - coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) 8 days prior symptoms. Funduscopic examination revealed several retinal hemorrhages. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed lesions consistent with acute macular neuroretinopathy and paracentral acute middle maculopathy. Quickly after his presentation, SARSCov-2 was confirmed by chest computed tomography-scan and RT-PCR in this patient. Thrombotic complications associated with Covid-19 infection have high incidence and may involve the retina. We described a case of retinal involvement associated with Covid-19 infection. PRÉCIS: Funduscopic examination revealed retinal hemorrhages in a man with loss of vision. Optical coherence tomography showed an acute macular neuroretinopathy and paracentral acute middle maculopathy. Coronavirus disease was confirmed by chest computed tomography-scan and RT-PCR.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Macula Lutea/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Doenças Retinianas/etiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Acuidade Visual , Doença Aguda , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oftalmoscopia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Retinianas/diagnóstico
11.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737437

RESUMO

Defects in optic fissure closure can lead to congenital ocular coloboma. This ocular malformation, often associated with microphthalmia, is described in various clinical forms with different inheritance patterns and genetic heterogeneity. In recent times, the identification of an increased number of genes involved in numerous cellular functions has led to a better understanding in optic fissure closure mechanisms. Nevertheless, most of these genes are also involved in wider eye growth defects such as micro-anophthalmia, questioning the mechanisms controlling both extension and severity of optic fissure closure defects. However, some genes, such as FZD5, have only been so far identified in isolated coloboma. Thus, to estimate the frequency of implication of different ocular genes, we screened a cohort of 50 patients affected by ocular coloboma by using targeted sequencing of 119 genes involved in ocular development. This analysis revealed seven heterozygous (likely) pathogenic variants in RARB, MAB21L2, RBP4, TFAP2A, and FZD5. Surprisingly, three out of the seven variants detected herein were novel disease-causing variants in FZD5 identified in three unrelated families with dominant inheritance. Although molecular diagnosis rate remains relatively low in patients with ocular coloboma (14% (7/50) in this work), these results, however, highlight the importance of genetic screening, especially of FZD5, in such patients. Indeed, in our series, FZD5 variants represent half of the genetic causes, constituting 6% (3/50) of the patients who benefited from a molecular diagnosis. Our findings support the involvement of FZD5 in ocular coloboma and provide clues for screening this gene during current diagnostic procedures.

14.
Ophthalmol Retina ; 4(7): 727, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646554
15.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120930603, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507032

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of intravitreal injections (IVI) of ranibizumab (Lucentis®, Novartis, Basel, Switzerland; RAN), aflibercept (Eylea®, Bayer, Leverkusen, Germany; AFL) and dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex®, Allergan, Irvine, California; DXI) in the treatment of naive diabetic macular oedema (DME) during a 12-month follow-up, in real life. METHODS: Nineteen eyes treated with RAN, 20 with AFL and 21 with DXI were analysed from inclusion up to 12 months (M12) with intermediate analysis at M6. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fundus and central retinal thickness (CRT) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT; Spectralis/HRA, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) were performed at inclusion, M3, M6 and M12. RESULTS: BCVA improved until 67.9 letters ±13.3 SD (+5.5 letters) at M6 and 69.6 letters ±12 SD (+7.2 letters) at 12 months for RAN group (p = 0.036). For the AFL group it improved until 63.6 letters ±15.2 SD (+6.6 letters) at M6 and 67.5 letters ±12.2 SD (+8.5 letters) at 12 months (p = 0.014). Lastly DXI group improved by 66.9 letters ±15.1 SD (+7.9 letters) at M6 and 68.4 letters ±11.2 SD (+9.4 letters) at 12 months (p = 0.0023). CRT decreased by 124.4 µm at M6 and 99.3 µm at M12 in RAN group, 144.3 µm and 101.5 µm in AFL group and finally 95.6 µm and 162.7 µm in DXI group. CONCLUSION: In summary, these three drugs provide an efficient treatment option with an acceptable benefit-risk ratio for the treatment of naive patients with DME, whether on BCVA or CRT on the first year of treatment.

19.
Ophthalmol Retina ; 4(9): 946-953, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418844

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To expand the multimodal imaging correlation of the concentric macular rings (CMR) sign seen on ultra-widefield fundus photography in patients with foveal hypoplasia. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two patients with foveal hypoplasia who demonstrated the CMR sign on ultra-widefield fundus photography. METHODS: Inclusion criterion was the presence of a CMR sign detected on ultra-widefield fundus photography. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Noninvasive multimodal retinal imaging, including ultra-widefield fundus photography, structural OCT, near-infrared reflectance, and blue fundus autofluorescence, were investigated. Horizontal dense B-scans and en face OCT images were acquired. RESULTS: Evaluation of all patients (n = 32 patients) demonstrated a CMR sign on ultra-widefield fundus photography. Structural OCT scans were consistent with foveal hypoplasia in all patients. En face OCT images acquired at the level of the Henle fiber layer highlighted similar concentric rings around the location of the incipient fovea. The series of concentric rings was not visible at any other level of the macula. A significant correlation was found between the horizontal diameter of the largest outer ring and foveal hypoplasia grades (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The CMR sign seen on ultra-widefield fundus imaging may be a distinctive feature of foveal hypoplasia and can support this diagnosis, especially in patients in whom OCT cannot be performed (patients with poor fixation or nystagmus or young children). Multimodal imaging correlation suggests that these concentric rings occur exclusively at the level of the Henle fiber layer. This distinctive Henle fiber layer geometry may reflect an arrested development stage in the timeline of foveal maturation.

20.
Vision Res ; 168: 18-28, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044586

RESUMO

In amblyopia, there is an interocular suppressive imbalance that results in the fixing eye dominating perception. In this study, we aimed to determine whether these suppressive interactions were narrowband and tuned for spatial frequency or broadband and independent of spatial frequency. We measured the contrast sensitivity and masking functions of fifteen amblyopic subjects and seventeen control subjects using the quick Contrast Sensitivity Function (qCSF) approach (Lesmes, Lu, Baek, & Albright, 2010). We first measured the monocular sensitivity functions of each participant and thereafter corrected for it. We then measured masking sensitivity functions for low, mid and high spatial frequency masks, normalized to their visibility. In the control group, we observed that the strength of dichoptic masking is equivalent between the two eyes. It is also tuned such that masking by low spatial frequencies in one eye mainly affects low spatial frequencies in the other eye and masking by high spatial frequencies mainly affects high spatial frequencies. In amblyopes, although the interocular masking is also tuned for spatial frequency, it is not equivalent between the two eyes: the masking effect from the amblyopic to fixing eye is weaker than the other way around. The asymmetry observed in the strength of masking between the two eyes in amblyopia is tuned for spatial frequency. It is not the consequence of the contrast sensitivity deficit of the amblyopic eye nor is it the consequence of abnormally strong masking from the fixing eye. Rather it is due to an abnormally weak masking strength by the amblyopic eye per se.

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