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1.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many efforts have been performed in the last decade to accomplish the genomic and proteomic characterization of pediatric adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma with the purpose to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the onset and development of this pediatric brain tumor, its high recurrence rate, and, although classified as a histologically benign neoplasm, its aggressive behavior. METHODS: The focus of this review is to perform the new comparison of the proteomic profiles of the solid component and the intracystic fluid of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma based on our previous results, obtained by both the top-down and the bottom-up proteomic approaches, to disclose differences and similarities, and to discuss the results in the context of the most recent literature. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Proteins and peptides identified in the cyst fluid and in the solid component of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma (AC) include beyond markers of inflammation (i.e., alpha-defensins), proteins involved in cell migration and protein degradation (i.e., beta-thymosin and ubiquitin peptides), whose main role might be in tumor growth and infiltration of the surrounding neural structures. These last appeared different in the solid components compared with the cyst fluid, missing their terminal part in the solid tissue, a feature generally associated to malignancies, which might represent a distinct molecular site for an aggressive behavior of AC.

2.
J Proteomics ; : 103890, 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629195

RESUMO

Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF), a plasma-derived exudate present in the gingival crevice was collected from deciduous, exfoliating and permanent teeth from 20 children (60 samples) with the aim to characterize and quantify by a mass spectrometry based top-down proteomic approach, the peptide/proteins in the fluid and verify possible variations occurring during the exfoliating process. The results obtained confirmed the presence in GCF of α-Defensins 1-4, Thymosin ß4 and Thymosin ß10, as described in previous works and revealed the presence of other interesting peptides never described before in GCF such as specific fragments of α-1-antitrypsin, α-1-antichymotrypsin; fragments of Thymosin ß4 and Thymosin ß10; Fibrinopeptide A and its fragments and Fibrinopeptide B; S100A8 and S100A9, LVV Hemorphin-7 (hemoglobin chain ß fragment), as well as some other peptides deriving from α and ß subunits of hemoglobin. Statistical analysis evidenced different levels in 5 proteins/peptides in the three groups. Our study demonstrate that an in-depth analysis of a biological fluid like GCF, present in small amount, can provide useful information for the understanding of different biological processes like teeth eruption. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD016010 and PXD016049. SIGNIFICANCE: GCF due to his site-specific nature has a great potential in containing factors that are specific for action at a given site and might have diagnostic value to detect qualitative and quantitative variations of proteins/peptides composition linked to physiological or pathological conditions.

3.
J Proteome Res ; 19(1): 300-313, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638822

RESUMO

Because of the distinctive features of the oral cavity, the determination of the proteins involved in the formation of the "oral protein pellicle" is demanding. The present study investigated the susceptibility of several human basic proline-rich peptides, named P-H, P-D, P-F, P-J, and II-2, as substrates of transglutaminase-2. The reactivity of the P-C peptide and statherin was also investigated. Peptides purified from human whole saliva were incubated with the enzyme in the presence or in the absence of monodansyl-cadaverine. Mass spectrometry analyses of the reaction products highlighted that P-H and P-D (P32 and A32 variants) were active substrates, II-2 was less reactive, and P-F and P-J showed very low reactivity. P-C and statherin were highly reactive. All of the peptides formed cyclo derivatives, and only specific glutamine residues were involved in the cycle formation and reacted with monodansyl-cadaverine: Q29 of P-H, Q37 of P-D, Q21 of II-2, Q41 of P-C, and Q37 of statherin were the principal reactive residues. One or two secondary glutamine residues of only P-H, P-D P32, P-C, and statherin were hierarchically susceptible to the reaction with monodansyl-cadaverine. MS and MS/MS data were deposited to the ProteomeXchange Consortium ( http://www.ebi.ac.uk/pride ) via the PRIDE partner repository with the data set identifier PXD014658.

4.
J Sep Sci ; 43(1): 313-336, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631532

RESUMO

More than 300 different protein post-translational modifications are currently known, but only a few have been extensively investigated because modified proteoforms are commonly present in sub-stoichiometry amount. For this reason, improvement of specific enrichment techniques is particularly useful for the proteomic characterization of post-translationally modified proteins. Enrichment proteomic strategies could help the researcher in the challenging issue to decipher the complex molecular cross-talk existing between the different factors influencing the cellular pathways. In this review the state of art of the platforms applied for the enrichment of specific and most common post-translational modifications, such as glycosylation and glycation, phosphorylation, sulfation, redox modifications (i.e. sulfydration and nitrosylation), methylation, acetylation, and ubiquitinylation, are described. Enrichments strategies applied to characterize less studied post-translational modifications are also briefly discussed.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202182

RESUMO

The multifactorial nature of Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD), the AD form of major relevance on epidemiological and social aspects, has driven the original investigation by LC-MS and top-down proteomics approach of the protein repertoire of the brain tissue of TgCRND8 model mice fed with a diet deficient in B vitamins. The analysis of the acid-soluble fraction of brain tissue homogenates identified a list of proteins and peptides, proteoforms and PTMs. In order to disclose possible modulations, their relative quantification in wild type and AD model mice under both B vitamin deficient and control diets was performed. The levels of metallothionein III, guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) subunit gamma-2 and brain acid soluble protein 1 showed statistically significant alterations depending on genotype, diet or both effects, respectively. Particularly, metallothionein III exhibited increased levels in TgCRND8 mice under B vitamin deficient diet with respect to wild type mice under both diets. Brain acid soluble protein 1 showed the opposite, revealing decreased levels in all diet groups of AD model mice with respect to wild type mice in control diet. Lower levels of brain acid soluble protein 1 were also observed in wild type mice under deficiency of B vitamins. These results, besides contributing to increase the knowledge of AD at molecular level, give new suggestions for deeply investigating metallothionein III and brain acid soluble protein 1 in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Complexo Vitamínico B/análise , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Animais , Química Encefálica , Proteínas de Ligação a Calmodulina/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Calmodulina/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/etiologia , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/genética , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteoma/química , Proteoma/genética , Complexo Vitamínico B/metabolismo
6.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 3609789, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191748

RESUMO

Although histologically benign, adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma (AC) pediatric brain tumor is a locally aggressive disease that frequently determines symptoms and hormonal dysfunctions related to the mass effect on the surrounding structures. Another typical feature of this benign neoplasm is the presence of voluminous liquid cysts frequently associated with the solid component. Even if studies have been devoted to the proteomic characterization of the tumor intracystic fluid, poor explorations have been performed on its solid part, principally investigated by transcriptomics technologies. In the present study, seven specimens of AC whole tumor tissue have been analyzed by LC-MS for a preliminary assessment of the proteomic profile by a top-down/bottom-up integrated approach. Thymosin beta 4, ubiquitin, calmodulin, S100 proteins, prothymosin α isoform 2, alpha-defensins 1-4, and fragments largely belonging to vimentin, hemoglobin, and glial fibrillary acidic protein characterized the intact proteome. The identification of alpha-defensins, formerly characterized in AC intracystic fluid, reinforces the hypothesis of a role for inflammation in tumor pathogenesis. A total number of 1798 unique elements were identified by a bottom-up approach with a special focus on the 433 proteins commonly characterized in the 85.7% of the samples analyzed. Their gene ontology classification evidenced the involvement of the adherence system, intermediate filaments, and actin cytoskeleton in tumor pathogenesis and of elements part of the Wnt, FGF, and EGFR signaling pathways. In addition, proteins involved in calcium modulation, innate immunity, inflammation, CCKR and integrin signaling, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor pathways were also outlined. Further than confirming proteomic data previously obtained on AC intracystic fluid, these results offer a preliminary overview of the AC whole tissue protein phenotype, adding new hints towards the comprehension of this still obscure pediatric brain tumor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Craniofaringioma/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Adolescente , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Criança , Craniofaringioma/genética , Craniofaringioma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteoma/genética
7.
J Proteome Res ; 17(9): 3292-3307, 2018 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30064219

RESUMO

Human basic proline-rich proteins and basic glycosylated proline-rich proteins, encoded by the polymorphic PRB1-4 genes and expressed only in parotid glands, are the most complex family of adult salivary proteins. The family includes 11 parent peptides/proteins and more than 6 parent glycosylated proteins, but a high number of proteoforms with rather similar structures derive from polymorphisms and post-translational modifications. 55 new components of the family were characterized by top-down liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and tandem-mass platforms, bringing the total number of proteoforms to 109. The new components comprise the three variants P-H S1 → A, P-Ko P36 → S, and P-Ko A41 → S and several of their naturally occurring proteolytic fragments. The paper represents an updated reference for the peptides included in the heterogeneous family of proteins encoded by PRB1/PRB4. MS data are available via ProteomeXchange with the identifier PXD009813.


Assuntos
Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Saliva/química , Proteínas Salivares Ricas em Prolina/metabolismo , Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Cromatografia Líquida , Feminino , Glicosilação , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândula Parótida/química , Glândula Parótida/metabolismo , Peptídeos/análise , Isoformas de Proteínas/química , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/isolamento & purificação , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteólise , Proteômica/métodos , Proteínas Salivares Ricas em Prolina/química , Proteínas Salivares Ricas em Prolina/genética , Proteínas Salivares Ricas em Prolina/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol ; 53(3): 246-263, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29564928

RESUMO

Proteomic surveys with top-down platforms are today revealing thousands of naturally occurring fragments of bigger proteins. Some of them have not functional meaning because they derive from pathways responsible for protein degradation, but many have specific functions, often completely different from that one of the parent proteins. These peptides encrypted in the protein sequence are nowadays called cryptides. They are frequent in the animal and plant kingdoms and represent a new interesting -omic field of investigation. To point out how much widespread is their presence, we describe here the most studied cryptides from very common sources such as serum albumin, immunoglobulins, hemoglobin, and from saliva and milk proteins. Given its vastness, it is unfeasible to cover the topic exhaustively, therefore only several selected examples of cryptides from other sources are thereafter reported. Demanding is the development of new -omic platforms for the functional screening of new cryptides, which could provide suggestion for peptides and peptido-mimetics with variegate fields of application.


Assuntos
Peptídeos , Proteínas de Plantas , Plantas , Animais , Humanos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/química , Plantas/genética , Plantas/metabolismo
9.
Brain Pathol ; 27(3): 370-376, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28414889

RESUMO

Adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma (ACP) is still often burdened by a poor prognosis in children as far as the risk of recurrence and the quality of life are concerned. Therefore, many efforts are now dedicated to investigate the molecular characteristics of this tumor aiming at finding new therapeutic options. ACP is prevalently a cystic lesion so that an increasing number of researches are focused on the analysis of its cystic content. In the present article, the main results of the current proteomic analysis (PA) on the ACP fluid are summarized. Both "bottom-up" and "top-down" approaches have been utilized. In the bottom-up approach, proteins and peptides are enzymatically or chemically digested prior to liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry analyses. The bottom-up approach pointed out several proteins of the inflammation (namely, α2-HS-glycoprotein, α1-antichymotrypsin and apolipoproteins) as possibly involved in the genesis and growth of the cystic component of ACP. The top-down strategy analyzes proteins and peptides in the intact state, making it particularly suitable for the identification of peptides and low molecular weight proteins and for the characterization of their possible isoforms and post-translational modifications. The top-down approach disclosed the presence of the thymosin ß family. Thymosin ß4, in particular, which is involved in the cytoskeleton organization and migration of several tumors, could play a role in the progression of ACP. Finally, PA was utilized to investigate alterations in cyst fluid character after treatment with interferon-α. The analyzed samples showed a progressive reduction of the levels of α-defensins (proteins involved in the inflammatory-mediated response) after the intracystic injection of interferon-α, thus reinforcing the hypothesis that inflammation contributes to ACP cyst pathogenesis. Additional studies on the solid component of ACP are still necessary to further validate the previous results and to identify possible markers for targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Estudos de Coortes , Líquido Cístico/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Projetos Piloto , Proteômica/métodos
10.
Expert Rev Proteomics ; 13(9): 883-94, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27498711

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Care in pediatrics often refers to treatments directed to adults. However, childhood is a specific life period, with molecular pathways connected to development and thereby it requires distinctive considerations and special treatments under disease. Proteomics can help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the human development and disease onset in pediatric age and this review is devoted to underline the results recently obtained in the field. AREAS COVERED: The contribution of proteomics to the characterization of physiological modifications occurring during human development is presented. The proteomic studies carried out to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying different pediatric pathologies and to discover new markers for early diagnosis and prognosis of disease, comprising genetic and systemic pathologies, sepsis and pediatric oncology are thereafter reported. The investigations concerning milk composition in human and farm mammals are also presented. Finally, the chances offered by the integration of different -omic platforms are discussed. Expert commentary: The growing utilization of holistic technologies such as proteomics, metabolomics and microbiomics will allow, in the near future, to define at the molecular level the complexity of human development and related diseases, with great benefit for future generations.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Pediatria/tendências , Proteoma/genética , Proteômica , Adulto , Criança , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Humanos , Metabolômica , Prognóstico
11.
J Urol ; 196(3): 911-8, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27113968

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Among the different types of kidney stones, matrix stones are uncommon urinary calculi composed of a soft, pliable, amorphous substance with little crystalline content. To gain insight into the pathogenesis we investigated the protein component by analyzing the proteomic profiles of surgically removed matrix stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5 stones were harvested from 4 patients who underwent surgery for medical reasons at 3 clinical centers during a 7-year period. Matrix stone proteome characterization was performed by mass spectrometry based techniques using an integrated top-down/bottom-up proteomic platform. RESULTS: We identified 142 nonredundant proteins and peptides across all samples. Neutrophil defensin 1, and proteins S100-A8 and S100-A9 were the main components of these renal calculi. CONCLUSIONS: The abundance of identified inflammatory molecules points to an inflammatory process as the event that initializes soft calculi formation rather than as a consequence of such formation. The post-translational oxidative changes in S100-A8 and A9, and the presence of thymosin ß-4, granulins and ubiquitin also suggest the intervention of host defenses through a superimposed, vigorous counter inflammatory process. The post-translational changes seen in the proteins and peptides, and the known self-assembling capability of S100-A8 and S100-A9 probably explain the gelatinous consistency of these stones.


Assuntos
Calgranulina A/metabolismo , Calgranulina B/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Cálculos Urinários/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Electrophoresis ; 37(7-8): 1015-26, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26719138

RESUMO

The lipoaspirate fluid (LAF) is emerging as a potentially valuable source in regenerative medicine. In particular, our group recently demonstrated that it is able to exert osteoinductive properties in vitro. This original observation stimulated the investigation of the proteomic component of LAF, by means of LC-ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS top-down/bottom-up integrated approach, which represents the object of the present study. Top-down analyses required the optimization of sample pretreatment procedures to enable the correct investigation of the intact proteome. Bottom-up analyses have been directly applied to untreated samples after monodimensional SDS-PAGE separation. The analysis of the acid-soluble fraction of LAF by top-down approach allowed demonstrating the presence of albumin and hemoglobin fragments (i.e. VV- and LVV-hemorphin-7), thymosins ß4 and ß10 peptides, ubiquitin and acyl-CoA binding protein; adipogenesis regulatory factor, perilipin-1 fragments, and S100A6, along with their PTMs. Part of the bottom-up proteomic profile was reproducibly found in both tested samples. The bottom-up approach allowed demonstrating the presence of proteins, listed among the components of adipose tissue and/or comprised within the ASCs intracellular content and secreted proteome. Our data provide a first glance on the LAF molecular profile, which is consistent with its tissue environment. LAF appeared to contain bioactive proteins, peptides and paracrine factors, suggesting its potential translational exploitation.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/química , Líquidos Corporais/química , Lipectomia , Proteoma/análise , Medicina Regenerativa , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Líquidos Corporais/citologia , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Proteoma/química , Proteoma/classificação , Proteômica/métodos
13.
EuPA Open Proteom ; 12: 13-21, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29900115

RESUMO

The proteome of the DAOY medulloblastoma cell line has been investigated by an LC-MS top-down platform. This approach, unlike bottom-up ones, allows identifying proteins and peptides in their intact/native forms, disclosing post-translational modifications, proteoforms and naturally occurring peptides. Indeed, 25 out of the 53 proteins identified, were not previously characterized in DAOY cells. Most of them were functionally interconnected, being mainly involved in binding, catalytic and structural activities, and metabolic processes. The top-down approach, applied in this preliminary study, disclosed the presence of several naturally occurring peptide fragments that characterize DAOY cells.

14.
J Proteomics ; 134: 47-56, 2016 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26375204

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: The most heterogeneous family of human salivary proteins is represented by proline-rich proteins (PRPs) divided in acidic, basic, and basic glycosylated (aPRPs, bPRPs, gPRPs). They are encoded by six genes, clustered on chromosome 12p13.2: PRH1-2 encode aPRPs, PRB1-4 encode bPRPs and gPRPs. Each gene exists in different allelic forms: two for PRH2, three for PRH1, PRB2, and PRB4, four for PRB1, and PRB3. During granule maturation, PRP proproteins undergo proteolysis by the action of convertases and carboxypeptidases. Differently from bPRPs, proteolysis of aPRPs is not complete, and, besides fragments, entire protein species are also secreted. Maturation process generates ten aPRPs (PRP-1, PRP-2, PIF-s, Db-s, Pa, PRP-3, PRP-4, PIF-f, Db-f, P-C), and at least 18 bPRPs (II-2, P-E, IB-6, Ps-1, Ps-2, IB-1, P-J, IB-8a, P-F, P-H, P-D, II-1, protein glycosylated A, CD-IIg, and Gl1-4). In addition, single nucleotide and length polymorphisms, and differentially spliced transcripts originate several natural variants. Phosphorylation, N-pyroglutaminylation, dimerization, and N-/O-glycosylation also occur during maturation, enlarging the number of protein species, further increased by proteolytic events governed by carboxy- and endo-peptidases during and after secretion, and giving rise to a huge number of small peptides. The PRP functional role is still poorly understood. SIGNIFICANCE: The high polymorphism of PRPs gives an important contribution to the high heterogeneity and inter-individual variability of the human salivary proteome. The products of six genes clustered on chromosome 12p13.2 comprise a mixture of entire, truncated, phosphorylated, glycosylated and dimerized protein/peptide species, sharing large part of their sequences, and possibly involved in different biological activities. Whatever the role of PRP species is, it should be crucial, given that PRPs are the most conserved oral salivary proteins among mammals.


Assuntos
Peptídeos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/fisiologia , Proteólise , Proteínas Salivares Ricas em Prolina , Carboxipeptidases/genética , Carboxipeptidases/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas Salivares Ricas em Prolina/genética , Proteínas Salivares Ricas em Prolina/metabolismo
15.
Expert Opin Biol Ther ; 15 Suppl 1: S191-201, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26095945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize ß and α thymosins and their proteoforms in various tissues and bodily fluids by mass spectrometry and to look at their association with a wide variety of pathologies. METHODS: A top-down proteomic platform based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to high-resolution LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (MS) was applied to the characterization of naturally occurring peptides. RESULTS: In addition to thymosin ß4 (Tß4) and ß10 (Tß10), several post-translational modifications of both these peptides were identified not only in bodily fluids but also in normal and pathological tissues of different origins. The analysis of tissue specimens allowed the characterization of different C-terminal truncated forms of Tß4 and Tß10 together with other proteolytic fragments. The sulfoxide derivative of both Tß4 and Tß10 and the acetylated derivatives at lysine residues of Tß4 were also characterized. Different proteoforms of prothymosin α, parathymosin α, thymosin α1 and thymosin α11 together with diverse proteolytic fragments were identified too. CONCLUSION: The clinical and prognostic significance and the origin of these proteoforms have to be deeply investigated.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Timosina/análise , Adulto , Líquidos Corporais/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Prognóstico , Precursores de Proteínas/análise , Precursores de Proteínas/química , Precursores de Proteínas/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Proteômica/métodos , Timalfasina , Timosina/análogos & derivados , Timosina/química , Timosina/metabolismo
16.
Mol Biosyst ; 11(6): 1668-83, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25909245

RESUMO

A top-down/bottom-up integrated proteomic approach based on LC-MS and 2-DE analysis was applied for comparative characterization of medulloblastoma and pilocytic astrocytoma posterior cranial fossa pediatric brain tumor tissues. Although rare, primary brain tumors are the most frequent solid tumors in the pediatric age. Among them the medulloblastoma is the prevalent malignant tumor in childhood while pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common, rarely showing a malignant progression. Due to the limited availability of this kind of sample, the study was applied to pooled tumor tissues for a preliminary investigation. The results showed different proteomic profiles of the two tumors and evidenced interesting differential expression of several proteins and peptides. Top-down proteomics of acid-soluble fractions of brain tumor homogenates ascribed a potential biomarker role of malignancy to ß- and α-thymosins and their truncated proteoforms and to C-terminal truncated (des-GG) ubiquitin, resulting exclusively detected or over-expressed in the highly malignant medulloblastoma. The bottom-up proteomics of the acid-soluble fraction identified several proteins, some of them in common with 2-DE analysis of acid-insoluble pellets. Peroxiredoxin-1, peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase A, triosephosphate isomerase, pyruvate kinase PKM, tubulin beta and alpha chains, heat shock protein HSP-90-beta and different histones characterized the medulloblastoma while the Ig kappa chain C region, serotransferrin, tubulin beta 2A chain and vimentin the pilocytic astrocytoma. The two proteomic strategies, with their pros and cons, well complemented each other in characterizing the proteome of brain tumor tissues and in disclosing potential disease biomarkers to be validated in a future study on individual samples of both tumor histotypes.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma/química , Neoplasias Encefálicas/química , Meduloblastoma/química , Proteoma/análise , Astrocitoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Meduloblastoma/metabolismo , Proteínas/análise , Proteínas/química , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteoma/química , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica
17.
J Proteome Res ; 14(4): 1666-77, 2015 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25761918

RESUMO

An important contribution to the variability of any proteome is given by the time dimension that should be carefully considered to define physiological modifications. To this purpose, whole saliva proteome was investigated in a wide age range. Whole saliva was collected from 17 preterm newborns with a postconceptional age at birth of 178-217 days. In these subjects sample collection was performed serially starting immediately after birth and within about 1 year follow-up, gathering a total of 111 specimens. Furthermore, whole saliva was collected from 182 subjects aged between 0 and 17 years and from 23 adults aged between 27 and 57 years. The naturally occurring intact salivary proteome of the 316 samples was analyzed by low- and high-resolution HPLC-ESI-MS platforms. Proteins peculiar of the adults appeared in saliva with different time courses during human development. Acidic proline-rich proteins encoded by PRH2 locus and glycosylated basic proline-rich proteins encoded by PRB3 locus appeared following 180 days of postconceptional age, followed at 7 months (±2 weeks) by histatin 1, statherin, and P-B peptide. The other histatins and acidic proline-rich proteins encoded by PRH1 locus appeared in whole saliva of babies from 1 to 3 weeks after the normal term of delivery, S-type cystatins appeared at 1 year (±3 months), and basic proline-rich proteins appeared at 4 years (±1 year) of age. All of the proteinases involved in the maturation of salivary proteins were more active in preterm than in at-term newborns, on the basis of the truncated forms detected. The activity of the Fam20C kinase, involved in the phosphorylation of various proteins, started around 180 days of postconceptional age, slowly increased reaching values comparable to adults at about 2 years (±6 months) of age. Instead, MAPK14 involved in the phosphorylation of S100A9 was fully active since birth also in preterm newborns.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/fisiologia , Modelos Biológicos , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Saliva/química , Fenômenos Cronobiológicos/genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Proteoma/genética , Saliva/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
18.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 44(4): 1323-31, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25672765

RESUMO

Widely confirmed reports were published on association between hyperhomocysteinemia, B vitamin deficiency, oxidative stress, and amyloid-ß in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Homocysteine, cysteine, cysteinylglycine and glutathione are metabolically interrelated thiols that may be potential indicators of health status and disease risk; they all participate in the metabolic pathway of homocysteine. Previous data obtained in one of our laboratories showed that B vitamin deficiency induced exacerbation of AD-like features in TgCRND8 AD mice; these effects were counteracted by S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) supplementation, through the modulation of DNA methylation and antioxidant pathways. Since the cellular response to oxidative stress typically involves alteration in thiols content, a rapid and sensitive HPLC method with fluorescence detection was here used to evaluate the effect of SAM and superoxide-dismutase (SOD) supplementation on thiols level in plasma, in TgCRND8 mice. The quantitative data obtained from HPLC analysis of mice plasma samples showed significant decrease of thiols level when the B vitamin deficient diet was supplemented with SAM + SOD and SOD alone, the latter showing the greatest effect. All these considerations point out the measurement of plasma thiols concentration as a powerful tool of relevance for all clinical purposes involving the evaluation of oxidative stress. The coupling of HPLC with fluorimetric detection, here used, provided a strong method sensitivity allowing thiols determination at very low levels.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/sangue , Doença de Alzheimer/dietoterapia , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/induzido quimicamente , S-Adenosilmetionina/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Sulfidrila/sangue , Superóxido Dismutase/uso terapêutico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Animais , Cromatografia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glutationa/sangue , Homocisteína/sangue , Humanos , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/sangue , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mutação/genética
19.
J Proteome Res ; 13(11): 4594-606, 2014 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25254300

RESUMO

Liquid chromatography in coupling with high-resolution ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry was applied for a proteomic study of pediatric pilocytic astrocytoma brain tumor intracystic fluid by an integrated top-down/bottom-up platform. Both of the proteomic strategies resulted complementary and support each other in contributing to a wide characterization of the protein and peptide content of the tumor fluid. Top-down approach allowed to identify several proteins and peptides involved in different biological activities together with the characterization of interesting proteoforms such as fibrinopeptide A and its truncated form, fibrinopeptide B, complement C3f fragments, ß-thymosin peptides, ubiquitin, several apolipoproteins belonging to A and C families, apolipoprotein J and D, and cystatin C. Of particular interest resulted the identification of a N-terminal truncated cystatin C proteoform, likely involved in immune response mechanism modulations and the identification of oxidized and glycosylated apolipoproteins including disulfide bridge dimeric forms. The bottom-up approach confirmed some of the experimental data findings together with adding the characterization of high-molecular-mass proteins in the samples. These data could contribute to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in onset and progression of the disease and cyst development.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma/metabolismo , Líquido Cístico/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Criança , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cistatina C/metabolismo , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas
20.
Electrophoresis ; 35(15): 2172-83, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24729313

RESUMO

The combination of top-down and bottom-up platforms was utilized for the LC-MS proteomic characterization of the intracystic fluid of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma pediatric brain tumor disease. Proteins and peptides characterization was achieved by high-resolution LC-ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS analysis while low-resolution LC-ESI-IT-MS was applied for the complete screening of the samples and the evaluation of the protein distribution within patients. Top-down analyses were applied to liquid/liquid extracted samples while bottom-up analyses were performed after trypsin digestion of both untreated and pretreated samples. The two proteomic approaches were complementary for the characterization of the proteome of craniopharyngioma intracystic fluid. Proteins and peptides involved in inflammation, mineralization processes and lipid transport were identified, in agreement with the calcium flecks, cholesterol granules and bone residues characteristic of this fluid. Apolipoprotein A-I, A-II, C-I and J, hemoglobin fragments, ubiquitin, α-2-HS-glycoprotein or fetuin A, α-1-antichymotrypsin, vitamin D binding protein, and α-1-acid glycoprotein were characterized. These data could be relevant for the comprehension of the processes involved in the pathogenesis of the disease and the development of the cyst and could contribute to the individuation of therapeutic targets for the reduction of the cyst volume delaying and/or avoiding invasive surgical treatments.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma/química , Líquido Cístico/química , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/química , Proteoma/análise , Proteômica/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/análise , Tripsina
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