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1.
Eur J Intern Med ; 67: 42-46, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109849

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hereditary angiœdema (HAE) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by recurrent, unpredictable, potentially life-threatening swelling. Objective is to assess the management of the acute HAE attacks in the real life setting through a call center in France. METHODS: A pre-specified ancillary study of SOS-HAE, a cluster-randomized prospective multicenter trial, was conducted. HAE patients were recruited from 8 participating reference centers. The outcome of interest was the rate of hospitalization. RESULTS: onerhundred patients were included. The median (quartile) age was 38 (29-53) years, and 66 (66%) were female. Eighty (80%) patients had HAE type I, 8 (8%) had HAE type II and 12 (12%) patients had FXII-HAE. Fifty-one (51%) patients had experienced at least one time the call center during the follow-up. Nine over 166 (5%) attacks for 9 different patients resulted in hospital admission to the hospital (in the short-stay unit, ie, <24 h) during the follow-up period. During 2 years, there were 166 calls to call center for 166 attacks. All attacks were treated at home after call center contact. CONCLUSIONS: Use of emergency departments and hospitalizations are reduced by the use of a coordinated national call center in HAE after therapeutic education program that promoted self-administration of specific treatment and use of call to call center. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01679912.

3.
N Engl J Med ; 368(11): 1008-18, 2013 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23484827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on the family members themselves and the medical team remains controversial. METHODS: We enrolled 570 relatives of patients who were in cardiac arrest and were given CPR by 15 prehospital emergency medical service units. The units were randomly assigned either to systematically offer the family member the opportunity to observe CPR (intervention group) or to follow standard practice regarding family presence (control group). The primary end point was the proportion of relatives with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related symptoms on day 90. Secondary end points included the presence of anxiety and depression symptoms and the effect of family presence on medical efforts at resuscitation, the well-being of the health care team, and the occurrence of medicolegal claims. RESULTS: In the intervention group, 211 of 266 relatives (79%) witnessed CPR, as compared with 131 of 304 relatives (43%) in the control group. In the intention-to-treat analysis, the frequency of PTSD-related symptoms was significantly higher in the control group than in the intervention group (adjusted odds ratio, 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2 to 2.5; P=0.004) and among family members who did not witness CPR than among those who did (adjusted odds ratio, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.5; P=0.02). Relatives who did not witness CPR had symptoms of anxiety and depression more frequently than those who did witness CPR. Family-witnessed CPR did not affect resuscitation characteristics, patient survival, or the level of emotional stress in the medical team and did not result in medicolegal claims. CONCLUSIONS: Family presence during CPR was associated with positive results on psychological variables and did not interfere with medical efforts, increase stress in the health care team, or result in medicolegal conflicts. (Funded by Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique 2008 of the French Ministry of Health; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01009606.).


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/psicologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Família/psicologia , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Comorbidade , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
4.
Resuscitation ; 82(10): 1328-31, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21658834

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Automated chest-compression devices (ACCDs) have recently been proposed in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CPR). During CPR, it is still unknown whether the ACCD or intubation is to be first implemented. Knowing the impact of an ACCD on intubation conditions could strongly contribute to determine the best sequence. Therefore, we undertook an experimental study on intubation conditions on a mannequin with or without the use of an ACCD. METHODS: Emergency physicians and nurses experienced in the field of cardiac-arrest management (including orotracheal intubation) were randomly assigned to three scenarios to intubate a mannequin: patient lying on the floor without an ACCD (group 1), patient lying on the floor with the ACCD switched off (group 2) or switched on (group 3). The primary end point was intubation time. Estimated intubation difficulty evaluated on a visual analogue scale (VAS), ranging from 0 (easy) to 100 (impossible), number of attempts, Cormack grade and dental traumatisms associated with the intubation procedure were secondary end points. RESULTS: A total of 44 operators performed the intubation. Times to intubation were 14 (11-22), 15 (10-21) and 18 (15-27)s for groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The VAS difficulties were 12 (5-25), 15 (10-25) and 15 (5-21), respectively. Intubation conditions did not differ between the 'without an ACCD group' and the 'switched-off ACCD group'. In the 'switched-on ACCD group', time to intubation was significantly increased in comparison with groups 1 and 2 with a median difference of 4 (1-10) and 3 (0-7)s, respectively. The VAS difficulty was also significantly increased in the 'switched-on ACCD group'. Other secondary end-point criteria did not differ between the three groups. CONCLUSION: Due to the major role of compression during CPR, we suggest that the ACCD should not be systematically switched off for routine intubation.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/instrumentação , Manequins , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia
5.
PLoS One ; 5(11): e13998, 2010 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21103330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Facemasks and respirators have been stockpiled during pandemic preparedness. However, data on their effectiveness for limiting transmission are scarce. We evaluated the effectiveness of facemask use by index cases for limiting influenza transmission by large droplets produced during coughing in households. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cluster randomized intervention trial was conducted in France during the 2008-2009 influenza season. Households were recruited during a medical visit of a household member with a positive rapid influenza A test and symptoms lasting less than 48 hours. Households were randomized either to the mask or control group for 7 days. In the intervention arm, the index case had to wear a surgical mask from the medical visit and for a period of 5 days. The trial was initially intended to include 372 households but was prematurely interrupted after the inclusion of 105 households (306 contacts) following the advice of an independent steering committee. We used generalized estimating equations to test the association between the intervention and the proportion of household contacts who developed an influenza-like illness during the 7 days following the inclusion. Influenza-like illness was reported in 24/148 (16.2%) of the contacts in the intervention arm and in 25/158 (15.8%) of the contacts in the control arm and the difference between arms was 0.40% (95%CI: -10% to 11%, P = 1.00). We observed a good adherence to the intervention. In various sensitivity analyses, we did not identify any trend in the results suggesting effectiveness of facemasks. CONCLUSION: This study should be interpreted with caution since the lack of statistical power prevents us to draw formal conclusion regarding effectiveness of facemasks in the context of a seasonal epidemic. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov NCT00774774.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Máscaras/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Tosse/virologia , Características da Família , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/transmissão , Masculino , Máscaras/efeitos adversos , /estatística & dados numéricos , Dor/etiologia , Estações do Ano , Adulto Jovem
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