Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 127
Filtrar
2.
Circ Heart Fail ; 13(3): e006513, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Implantable cardiac sensors have shown promise in reducing rehospitalization for heart failure (HF), but the efficacy of noninvasive approaches has not been determined. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of noninvasive remote monitoring in predicting HF rehospitalization. METHODS: The LINK-HF study (Multisensor Non-invasive Remote Monitoring for Prediction of Heart Failure Exacerbation) examined the performance of a personalized analytical platform using continuous data streams to predict rehospitalization after HF admission. Study subjects were monitored for up to 3 months using a disposable multisensor patch placed on the chest that recorded physiological data. Data were uploaded continuously via smartphone to a cloud analytics platform. Machine learning was used to design a prognostic algorithm to detect HF exacerbation. Clinical events were formally adjudicated. RESULTS: One hundred subjects aged 68.4±10.2 years (98% male) were enrolled. After discharge, the analytical platform derived a personalized baseline model of expected physiological values. Differences between baseline model estimated vital signs and actual monitored values were used to trigger a clinical alert. There were 35 unplanned nontrauma hospitalization events, including 24 worsening HF events. The platform was able to detect precursors of hospitalization for HF exacerbation with 76% to 88% sensitivity and 85% specificity. Median time between initial alert and readmission was 6.5 (4.2-13.7) days. CONCLUSIONS: Multivariate physiological telemetry from a wearable sensor can provide accurate early detection of impending rehospitalization with a predictive accuracy comparable to implanted devices. The clinical efficacy and generalizability of this low-cost noninvasive approach to rehospitalization mitigation should be further tested. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique Identifier: NCT03037710.

3.
Am J Nephrol ; 51(3): 172-181, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) frequently complicates hospitalizations for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Little is known about the relationship of AKI with subsequent readmissions, and we investigated the relationship of AKI during LVAD implantation hospitalization with all-cause and cause-specific 30-day readmissions. METHODS: We used a United States (US) nationwide all-payer administrative database, identifying patients who underwent implantable LVAD placement 2010-2015. Patients were classified into 3 mutually exclusive groups based on presence and severity of AKI during the LVAD placement hospitalization: no AKI, AKI, and AKI requiring dialysis (AKI-D). Outcomes were all-cause and cause-specific 30-day readmissions. RESULTS: Within 30 days after discharge 25.4% of patients were readmitted. Of those without AKI, 23.9% were readmitted, compared to 25.5% of those with AKI and 42.2% of those with AKI-D. Compared to no AKI (adjusted for demographics, index hospitalization and chronic comorbidity factors, and year), odds of 30-day readmission were 2.18 (95% CI 1.37-3.49) times higher for those with AKI-D, whereas those with AKI not requiring dialysis had similar 30-day readmission risk (OR 1.03 [95% CI 0.89-1.20]). Those with AKI-D had higher risk of 30-day readmission for infection (OR 2.02 [95% CI 1.13-3.61]), gastrointestinal (GI) bleed (2.32 [95% CI 1.24-4.34]), and kidney disease (13.9 [95% CI 4.0-48]). There was no increased risk for stroke readmission with AKI or AKI-D. CONCLUSION: AKI-D was associated with highest -30-day readmission risk, possibly related to negatively synergistic effects of LVAD, kidney dysfunction, and dialysis related factors on infection and GI bleeding risks. AKI alone was not associated with increased readmission risk.

8.
Circulation ; 140(7): e294-e324, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167558

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for incident heart failure and increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with established disease. Secular trends in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and heart failure forecast a growing burden of disease and underscore the need for effective therapeutic strategies. Recent clinical trials have demonstrated the shared pathophysiology between diabetes mellitus and heart failure, the synergistic effect of managing both conditions, and the potential for diabetes mellitus therapies to modulate the risk of heart failure outcomes. This scientific statement on diabetes mellitus and heart failure summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and impact of diabetes mellitus and its control on outcomes in heart failure; reviews the approach to pharmacological therapy and lifestyle modification in patients with diabetes mellitus and heart failure; highlights the value of multidisciplinary interventions to improve clinical outcomes in this population; and outlines priorities for future research.

9.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 74(5): 650-658, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160142

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Ventricular assist devices (VADs) are used for end-stage heart failure not amenable to medical therapy. Acute kidney injury (AKI) in this setting is common due to heart failure decompensation, surgical stress, and other factors. Little is known about national trends in AKI diagnosis and AKI requiring dialysis (AKI-D) and associated outcomes with VAD implantation. We investigated national estimates and trends for diagnosed AKI, AKI-D, and associated patient and resource utilization outcomes in hospitalizations in which implantable VADs were placed. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study of 20% stratified sample of US hospitalizations. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent implantable VAD placement in 2006 to 2015. EXPOSURE: No AKI diagnosis, AKI without dialysis, AKI-D. OUTCOMES: In-hospital mortality, length of stay, estimated hospitalization costs. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: Multivariate logistic and linear regression using survey design methods to account for stratification, clustering, and weighting. RESULTS: An estimated 24,140 implantable VADs were placed, increasing from 853 in 2006 to 3,945 in 2015. AKI was diagnosed in 56.1% of hospitalizations and AKI-D occurred in 6.5%. AKI diagnosis increased from 44.0% in 2006 to 2007 to 61.7% in 2014 to 2015; AKI-D declined from 9.3% in 2006 to 2007 to 5.2% in 2014 to 2015. Mortality declined in all AKI categories but this varied by category: those with AKI-D had the smallest decline. Adjusted hospitalization costs were 19.1% higher in those with diagnosed AKI and 39.6% higher in those with AKI-D, compared to no AKI. LIMITATIONS: Administrative data; timing of AKI with respect to VAD implantation cannot be determined; limited pre-existing chronic kidney disease ascertainment; discharge weights not derived for subpopulation of interest. CONCLUSIONS: A decreasing proportion of patients undergoing VAD implantation experience AKI-D, but mortality among these patients remains high. AKI diagnosis with VAD implantation is increasing, possibly reflecting changes in AKI surveillance, awareness, and coding.

10.
J Card Fail ; 25(8): 584-619, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174952

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for incident heart failure and increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with established disease. Secular trends in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and heart failure forecast a growing burden of disease and underscore the need for effective therapeutic strategies. Recent clinical trials have demonstrated the shared pathophysiology between diabetes mellitus and heart failure, the synergistic effect of managing both conditions, and the potential for diabetes mellitus therapies to modulate the risk of heart failure outcomes. This scientific statement on diabetes mellitus and heart failure summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and impact of diabetes mellitus and its control on outcomes in heart failure; reviews the approach to pharmacological therapy and lifestyle modification in patients with diabetes mellitus and heart failure; highlights the value of multidisciplinary interventions to improve clinical outcomes in this population; and outlines priorities for future research.

11.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(2): 296-302, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104774

RESUMO

Echocardiograms are the second most frequently utilized cardiac test after electrocardiograms and are most commonly ordered by noncardiology providers. Echocardiogram reports are designed to communicate a comprehensive interpretation of cardiac function; however, it is not known how well these reports are understood by ordering providers. In order to identify gaps in understanding and target potential areas for improvement, we developed a questionnaire testing various topics reported on a standard transthoracic echocardiogram report. This questionnaire was administered to general medicine and cardiology trainees and attending physicians at 2 large academic institutions. Questionnaire response rate was 81%. There were several topics that were not well understood by general providers; these included viability of an akinetic region, pulmonary artery systolic pressure, left ventricular filling pressure, recognition of abnormal structures, and method of identifying of intracardiac thrombus. In conclusion, strategies such as improved communication techniques and adjustment of reporting format should be implemented to increase the clinical value of the echocardiogram.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Ecocardiografia/normas , Clínicos Gerais/normas , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Kidney Int ; 95(6): 1304-1317, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053387

RESUMO

The incidence and prevalence of heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are increasing, and as such a better understanding of the interface between both conditions is imperative for developing optimal strategies for their detection, prevention, diagnosis, and management. To this end, Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) convened an international, multidisciplinary Controversies Conference titled Heart Failure in CKD. Breakout group discussions included (i) HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and nondialysis CKD, (ii) HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and nondialysis CKD, (iii) HFpEF and dialysis-dependent CKD, (iv) HFrEF and dialysis-dependent CKD, and (v) HF in kidney transplant patients. The questions that formed the basis of discussions are available on the KDIGO website http://kdigo.org/conferences/heart-failure-in-ckd/, and the deliberations from the conference are summarized here.

14.
J Card Fail ; 25(5): 380-400, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877038

RESUMO

Dietary guidance for patients with heart failure (HF) has traditionally focused on sodium and fluid intake restriction, but dietary quality is frequently poor in patients with HF and may contribute to morbidity and mortality. Restrictive diets can lead to inadequate intake of macronutrients and micronutrients by patients with HF, with the potential for deficiencies of calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, thiamine, vitamins D, E, and K, and folate. Although inadequate intake and low plasma levels of micronutrients have been associated with adverse clinical outcomes, evidence supporting therapeutic repletion is limited. Intravenous iron, thiamine, and coenzyme Q10 have the most clinical trial data for supplementation. There is also limited evidence supporting protein intake goals. Obesity is a risk factor for incident HF, and weight loss is an established approach for preventing HF, with a role for bariatric surgery in patients with severe obesity. However weight loss for patients with existing HF and obesity is a more controversial topic owing to an obesity survival paradox. Dietary interventions and pharmacologic weight loss therapies are understudied in HF populations. There are also limited data for optimal strategies to identify and address cachexia and sarcopenia in patients with HF, with at least 10%-20% of patients with ambulatory systolic HF developing clinically significant wasting. Gaps in our knowledge about nutrition status in patients with HF are outlined in this Statement, and strategies to address the most clinically relevant questions are proposed.

16.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 12(1): e004817, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30636483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing epidemic that has been linked to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Guideline-directed medications for secondary prevention and risk factor control are recommended for patients with all forms of CVD. The association of body mass index (BMI) with use of medications for secondary prevention and risk factor control in patients with CVD are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 1 122 567 patients with CVD receiving care in 130 Veterans Affairs facilities from October 1, 2013, to September 30, 2014. Five groups were stratified by BMI-underweight (BMI, <18.5 kg/m2), normal (BMI, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2), overweight (BMI, 25-29.9 kg/m2), obese (BMI, 30-39.9 kg/m2), and extremely obese (BMI, ≥40 kg/m2). A composite of 4 measures-blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg, hemoglobin A1c ≤9% in diabetic patients, statin use, and antiplatelet use-termed optimal medial therapy (OMT) was compared among groups. Multivariable logistic regression was performed with normal BMI as the referent category. Underweight patients comprised 12 623 (1.1%), normal BMI 230 471 (20.5%), overweight 413 590 (36.8%), obese 404 105 (36%), and extremely obese 61 778 (5.5%) of the cohort. Only 43.7% of the entire cohort received OMT, and this was the highest in the overweight group. Adjusted odds ratios for receiving OMT were 0.81 (95% CI, 0.77-0.85), 1.11 (95% CI, 1.10-1.13), 1.08 (95% CI, 1.06-1.09), and 0.87 (95% CI, 0.85-0.89), for patients who were underweight, overweight, obese, and extremely obese, respectively, compared with normal BMI. CONCLUSIONS: OMT was low in the entire cohort. There is an inverse U-shaped relationship between OMT and BMI with patients who are underweight and extremely obese less likely to receive OMT compared with patients with normal BMI.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Magreza/tratamento farmacológico , Saúde dos Veteranos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Magreza/diagnóstico , Magreza/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Heart Fail Clin ; 14(4): 525-535, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30266361

RESUMO

More than 50% of patients with clinical heart failure have a preserved ejection fraction. Despite mortality that is similar to or slightly lower than heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, trials to date have not shown a therapy that imparts a mortality benefit in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). HFpEF represents a heterogeneous disorder with a complex pathophysiologic basis, and this may contribute to the negative results in clinical trials. Geographic variations in both patient selection and adherence to study medications confound the interpretation of the trial results. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists may be useful in selected patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes
19.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(14)2018 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are at risk for advanced heart failure, but little is known about use and outcomes of durable mechanical circulatory support in this setting. We examined use and outcomes of implantable ventricular assist devices (VADs) in a national ESRD cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries with ESRD who underwent implantable VAD placement from 2006 to 2014. We examined in-hospital and 1-year mortality, all-cause and cause-specific hospitalizations, and heart/kidney transplantation outcomes. We investigated as predictors demographic factors, time-period of VAD implantation, primary or post-cardiotomy implantation, and duration of ESRD before VAD implantation. We identified 96 people with ESRD who underwent implantable VAD placement. At time of VAD implantation, 74 (77.1%) were receiving hemodialysis, 10 (10.4%) were receiving peritoneal dialysis and 12 (12.5%) had renal transplant. Time from incident ESRD to VAD implantation was median 4.0 (interquartile range 1.1, 8.2) years. Mortality during the implantation hospitalization was 40.6%. Within 1 year of implantation 61.5% of people had died. On multivariable analysis, males had half the mortality risk of females. Lower mortality risk was also seen with VAD implantation in a primary setting, and with more recent year of implantation, but these results did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Medicare beneficiaries with ESRD are undergoing durable VAD implantation, often several years after incident ESRD, although in low numbers. Mortality is high among these patients, highlighting the need for investigations to improve treatment selection and management.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Coração Auxiliar , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Transplante de Coração , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Transplante de Rim , Masculino , Medicare , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Implantação de Prótese , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
20.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(12)2018 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ticagrelor is a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor with superior clinical efficacy compared with clopidogrel. However, it is associated with reduced efficacy when combined with a high-dose aspirin. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients in the acute coronary treatment and intervention outcomes network (ACTION) Registry-Get With The Guidelines (GWTG) with acute myocardial infarction from October 2013 through December 2014 were included in the study (167 455 patients; 622 sites). We evaluated temporal trends in the prescription of P2Y12 inhibitors, and identified factors associated with ticagrelor use at discharge. Among patients discharged on ticagrelor and aspirin (21 262 patients), we evaluated the temporal trends and independent factors associated with high-dose aspirin prescription at discharge. Ticagrelor prescription at discharge increased significantly from 12% to 16.7% (P<0.0001). Decreases in prasugrel and clopidogrel use at discharge (15.7%-13.9% and 54.2%-51.1%, respectively, P<0.0001) were also observed. Independent factors associated with preferential ticagrelor prescription at discharge over clopidogrel included younger age, white race, home ticagrelor use, invasive management, and in-hospital re-infarction and stroke (P<0.0001 for all), whereas older age, female sex, prior stroke, home ticagrelor use, and in-hospital stroke (P<0.0001 for all) were associated with preferential ticagrelor prescription at discharge over prasugrel. High-dose aspirin was used in 3.1% of patients discharged on ticagrelor. Independent factors associated with high-dose aspirin prescription at discharge included home aspirin use, diabetes mellitus, previous myocardial infarction, previous coronary artery bypass graft, ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock, and geographic region (P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our contemporary analysis shows a modest but significant increase in the use of ticagrelor and a high rate of adherence to the use of low-dose aspirin at discharge.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente/tendências , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA