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N Engl J Med ; 385(5): 395-405, 2021 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320285


BACKGROUND: For postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer, the most effective duration for adjuvant therapy with an aromatase inhibitor remains unclear. METHODS: In this prospective, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy to receive the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for an additional 2 years (2-year group, receiving a total of 7 years) or an additional 5 years (5-year group, receiving a total of 10 years). The primary end point was disease-free survival. The primary analysis included all the patients who were still participating in the trial and who had no recurrence 2 years after randomization (i.e., when treatment in the 2-year group had ended). Secondary end points were overall survival, contralateral breast cancer, second primary cancer, and clinical bone fracture. RESULTS: Among the 3484 women who were enrolled in the trial, 3208 remained in the trial without disease progression after the first 2 years of extended anastrozole treatment following randomization. Among these women, disease progression or death occurred in 335 women in each treatment group in the primary-analysis set at 8 years (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.15; P = 0.90). No between-group differences occurred in most secondary end points, and subgroup analyses did not indicate differences in any particular subgroup. The risk of clinical bone fracture was higher in the 5-year group than in the 2-year group (hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.84). CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy, extending hormone therapy by 5 years provided no benefit over a 2-year extension but was associated with a greater risk of bone fracture. (Funded by AstraZeneca and the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group; ABCSG-16/SALSA number, NCT00295620.).

Anastrozol/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anastrozol/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Estrogênio , Receptores de Progesterona , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
Clin Breast Cancer ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229944


BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in combination with anti-HER2 treatment is standard of care in patients with early HER2 positive breast cancer. Preoperative radiological evaluation is mandatory for defining the extent of surgery. In this study, we evaluated the correlation between preoperative radiological and postoperative pathological tumor size in early HER2 positive patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in combination with trastuzumab and pertuzumab. In a patient population with HER2 positive breast cancer, who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and anti-HER2 treatment, the correlation between preoperative radiological and postoperative pathological tumor size was performed. Concordance of radiological and pathological tumor size was found in 55.7%, leading to more extensive breast surgery as required in 7 cases and to the underestimation of 6 neoplastic lesions before surgery, respectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy early HER2 positive breast cancer patients were included and retrospectively analysed. All preoperative radiological assessments as well as the tumor board decision on surgical extent and pathological evaluation were completed at the Medical University of Vienna. Preoperative radiological assessment of tumor size and lymph node status were compared with final histopathological findings. The correlation between different radiological modalities regarding tumor size was investigated. RESULTS: Concordance of radiological and pathological tumor size was found in 55.7 % (50% by sonography and 66.7% by MRI, respectively) of patients with a nonsignificant correlation of r = 0.31 (P = .08). Of the 39 patients with pathologic complete remission (pCR), 16 were also classified as radiological complete response (rCR) while 23 of those showed a radiological stable disease or partial response. In 6 patients, radiological assessment showed a CR but invasive cancer with a tumor size range from 7 to 36 mm was found in histopathological examination. Neither menopausal status (P= .69) nor BMI (P = .60) and age (P = .50) had an impact on the correlation between radiological and histopathological tumor size. Regarding lymph node status, a statistically significant association and clinically relevant correlation between radiological and histopathological evaluation was found (r = 0.66, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Concordance between radiology and histopathology was low regarding tumor size after NAC in combination with trastuzumab and pertuzumab, but significant regarding lymph node status.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 88(2): 203-209, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907881


PURPOSE: As critical parameter after extravasation of cytotoxic vesicants, anthracyclines were determined in removed tissue from patients requiring surgical intervention due to tissue necrosis. We monitored their distribution within the affected lesion to establish a possible dose-toxicity relation. METHODS: From six patients scheduled for surgery, removed tissue flaps were systematically analysed by HPLC (epirubicin: 5 subjects; doxorubicin: 1 subject). RESULTS: After extravasation, tissue concentrations were highly variable with an individual anthracycline distribution pattern ranging from a few nanograms up to 17 µg per 100 mg tissue, which indicated a substantial difference in tissue sensitivity among patients. The resection borders coincided with the extension of the erythema and guided the surgical intervention after demarcation of the lesion, which occurred usually 2 or 3 weeks after extravasation. At that time, drug was hardly detected at the resection borders. Wound drains were negative for the extravasated drugs while showing a time profile of vascular growth factors and inflammatory cytokines, which was highly similar to routine surgery. In all six patients, surgical debridement with immediate wound closure led to healing within approximately 2 weeks, when therapy was resumed in all patients with reasonable time delay. CONCLUSION: Surgical intervention after demarcation of the extravasation lesion allows for almost uninterrupted continuation of treatment independent of the amount of extravasated anthracycline. As even minor amounts of the vesicants may trigger tissue necrosis, preventive measures merit the highest priority.

Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Epirubicina/efeitos adversos , Epirubicina/farmacocinética , Distribuição Tecidual/fisiologia , Idoso , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antraciclinas/farmacocinética , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/farmacocinética , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Epirubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose/induzido quimicamente , Necrose/metabolismo , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatopatias/metabolismo , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 133(1-2): 6-13, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880714


BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of curative breast cancer surgery on patient satisfaction concerning cosmetic results and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: In this study 61 participants completed questionnaires to evaluate their QoL and patient satisfaction with cosmetic results following breast cancer surgery. Cosmetic outcomes were evaluated by the breast surgeon and an independent breast specialist using the Harris scale and the breast analyzing tool (BAT). RESULTS: Of the participants 71% completed all 4 follow-up visits, 38 (62%) patients received breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and 23 (38%) received a mastectomy. Surgery-associated complications arose in 2.6% of the patients who received BCT and 17.4% of patients who received a mastectomy. No significant differences in QoL between BCT patients and mastectomy patients were observed immediately after surgery, or after 6 and 12 months. Breast asymmetry, measured using the BAT score, and QoL scores were worst immediately after surgery. The surgeon rated the cosmetic results as better compared to the independent breast expert (p = 0.001). Furthermore, patients aged over 60 years old were less satisfied with the cosmetic outcome compared to younger patients at the time of discharge (p = 0.024). Patients who received a mastectomy were less satisfied when the resected volume was higher. CONCLUSION: Patient satisfaction was lowest immediately after surgery but improved during the following months, despite continued breast asymmetry. For mastectomy patients, a lower resected volume led to a higher satisfaction with cosmetic results. Satisfaction is subjective and cannot be determined from the esthetic satisfaction of the surgeon or using an objective tool measuring breast asymmetry.

Neoplasias da Mama , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Humanos , Mastectomia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
Breast J ; 26(9): 1639-1644, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452097


Germline variations in the BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 genes are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. These variants are found in 5% of all breast cancer cases. Prophylactic mastectomy is the most effective risk-reducing method and shows high rates of patient satisfaction and acceptance. We established a registry of Austrian BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 mutation carriers who had undergone mastectomy for oncologic or prophylactic reasons. Data were collected on the type of operation, complications, and type of reconstructive surgery for patients between 2014 and 2017. The complication rate in patients with nipple-sparing mastectomy was significantly lower (23.1%) than in those with other types of mastectomies (60.7%; P = .005). In patients with implant-based breast reconstruction, subpectoral placement was associated with a significantly higher rate of complications than prepectoral placement (P = .025). Median implant volume was 350 cc (range: 155-650 cc), and a 100-cc increase was associated with doubling of the odds of a complication (regression coefficient = 0.007); based on this finding, some surgeons may decide on using smaller implants. In summary, we identified significant associations between the risk of complications and surgical characteristics, and found host factors like diabetes, BMI, and smoking among Austrian patients with BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 variants.

Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia Profilática , Áustria , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Sistema de Registros
PLoS One ; 12(3): e0172911, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28253285


BACKGROUND: Even though trastuzumab is an effective therapy in early stage Her-2+ breast cancer, 40-50% of advanced Her-2+ breast cancer patients develop trastuzumab resistance. A potential resistance mechanism is aberrant downstream signal transmission due to loss of phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN). This study investigated the relationship between the expression of PTEN and trastuzumab response in Her-2 overexpressing metastatic breast cancer patients. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2007, 164 patients with Her-2+ metastatic breast cancer received trastuzumab-based therapy in our institution. We analyzed PTEN status by immunohistochemistry of 115 available tumor tissues and analyzed associations with other histopathological parameters, response rate, progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with a median follow-up of 60 months. RESULTS: Eighty patients were PTEN positive (69.6%) and 35 patients PTEN negative (30.4%). We found a significant association of the expression of PTEN and p53 (p = 0.041), while there was no association with grading, hormone receptor status, IGFR or MIB. We found significantly more cases with progressive disease under trastuzumab-based therapy in patients with PTEN positive breast cancers (p = 0.018), while there was no significant correlation with PFS or OS. CONCLUSION: In Her-2-positive metastatic breast cancers, PTEN positivity was significantly associated with progressive disease, but not with PFS or OS.

Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Adulto Jovem