Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 127
Filtrar
1.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 477-484, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146330

RESUMO

This study evaluated the biocompatibility, biomineralization, and collagen fiber maturation induced by Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; ß-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and ß-TCP) in vivo. Sixty-four polyethylene tubes with or without (control group; CG) materials (n=8/group/period) were randomly implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 16 male Wistar rats (four per rat), weighting 250 to 280 g. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 days (n=8), and the specimens were removed for analysis of inflammation using hematoxylin-eosin; biomineralization assay using von Kossa (VK) staining and polarized light (PL); and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). Nonparametric data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and parametric data by one-way ANOVA test (p<0.05). At 7 days, all groups induced moderate inflammation (p>0.05). At 30 days, there was mild inflammation in the BIOG and CG, and moderate inflammation in the RTR and DMB groups, with a significant difference between the CG and RTR (p<0.05). The fibrous capsule was thick at 7 days and predominantly thin at 30 days in all groups. All materials exhibited structures that stained positively for VK and PL. Immature collagen fibers were predominant at 7 and 30 days in all groups (p>0.05), although DMB exhibited more mature fibers than BIOG at 30 days (p<0.05). RTR, BIOG, and DMB were biocompatible, inducing inflammation that reduced over time and biomineralization in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. DMB exhibited more mature collagen fibers than BIOG over a longer period.


Assuntos
Biomineralização , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Compostos de Alumínio , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Compostos de Cálcio , Cerâmica , Colágeno , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Silicatos , Tela Subcutânea
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 477-484, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132331

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the biocompatibility, biomineralization, and collagen fiber maturation induced by Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; β-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and β-TCP) in vivo. Sixty-four polyethylene tubes with or without (control group; CG) materials (n=8/group/period) were randomly implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 16 male Wistar rats (four per rat), weighting 250 to 280 g. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 days (n=8), and the specimens were removed for analysis of inflammation using hematoxylin-eosin; biomineralization assay using von Kossa (VK) staining and polarized light (PL); and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). Nonparametric data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and parametric data by one-way ANOVA test (p<0.05). At 7 days, all groups induced moderate inflammation (p>0.05). At 30 days, there was mild inflammation in the BIOG and CG, and moderate inflammation in the RTR and DMB groups, with a significant difference between the CG and RTR (p<0.05). The fibrous capsule was thick at 7 days and predominantly thin at 30 days in all groups. All materials exhibited structures that stained positively for VK and PL. Immature collagen fibers were predominant at 7 and 30 days in all groups (p>0.05), although DMB exhibited more mature fibers than BIOG at 30 days (p<0.05). RTR, BIOG, and DMB were biocompatible, inducing inflammation that reduced over time and biomineralization in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. DMB exhibited more mature collagen fibers than BIOG over a longer period.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a biocompatibilidade, biomineralização e maturação das fibras de colágeno induzidas por Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; fosfato β-tricálcico [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; vidro bioativo) e DM Bone® (DMB; hidroxiapatita e β-TCP) in vivo. Sessenta e quatro tubos de polietileno com ou sem (grupo controle; GC) os materiais (n=8/grupo/período) foram implantados aleatoriamente em tecido subcutâneo de 16 ratos machos Wistar (quatro por rato), pesando entre 250 a 280g. Os ratos foram mortos após 7 e 30 dias (n=8), e as amostras foram removidas para análise da inflamação utilizando hematoxilina-eosina; avaliação da biomineralização utilizando coloração de von Kossa (VK) e luz polarizada (LP); e maturação das fibras colágenas, utilizando picrosirius red (PSR). Os dados não-paramétricos foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn, e os paramétricos pelo teste de one-way ANOVA (p<0.05). Aos 7 dias, todos os grupos induziram inflamação moderada (p>0,05). Aos 30 dias, houve inflamação leve nos grupos BIOG e GC, e inflamação moderada nos grupos RTR e DMB, com diferença significativa entre os GC e RTR (p<0,05). A cápsula fibrosa foi espessa aos 7 dias, e predominantemente fina aos 30 dias em todos os grupos. Todos os materiais exibiram estruturas positivas para VK e LP. Fibras colágenas imaturas foram predominantes aos 7 e 30 dias em todos os grupos (p>0,05), embora o DMB exibiu fibras mais maduras do que o BIOG aos 30 dias (p<0,05). RTR, BIOG e DMB foram biocompatíveis, induzindo inflamação que reduziu com o tempo, e biomineralização no tecido subcutâneo de ratos. O DMB exibiu mais fibras colágenas maduras do que o BIOG em período mais longo.

3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 30: 101673, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few studies on the influence of methylene blue as a photosensitiser on the mechanical properties and adhesion of glass-fiber posts to intraradicular dentin. Thus, this in vitro study aimed to evaluate the influence of photodynamic therapy with a methylene blue photosensitizer on the Martens hardness, elastic modulus, and bond strength of glass-fiber posts in different thirds of intraradicular dentin. METHODS: Eighty bovine teeth were divided into the following five groups: a control using deionized water, and four other groups according to the methylene blue concentration (50 mg/L or 100 mg/L) and substrate treatment (with or without red laser action). Ultramicrohardness test was used to evaluate the mechanical properties in different regions of the root dentin (n = 8). Push-out analysis was evaluated using a universal testing machine (n = 8). Data were subjected to the Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by Dunn's test for comparing groups, and the Friedman test for comparing thirds (α = 0.05). Representative scanning electron microscopy images were obtained. RESULTS: In general, methylene blue in distinct concentrations, with or without laser action, did not cause differences in the mechanical properties or bond strength in different regions of root dentin (P > 0.05). Methylene blue at a higher concentration, activated with laser, produced lower bond strength values in the middle third of the root canal (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Methylene blue at 50 mg/L had no influence on the mechanical properties of the bovine tooth and the bond strength of the glass-fiber posts to intraradicular dentin.

4.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e039, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508729

RESUMO

This clinical study compared the effectiveness of two rotary systems: HyFlex CM (Coltene-Whaledent, Altstetten, Switzerland) and ProTaper Next (Dentsply Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland) on the removal of cultivable bacteria and endotoxins from primarily infected root canals. This study was designed as a randomized single-blinded, 2-arm, clinical trial. Twenty-four primarily infected root canals were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups: HyFlex CM (n = 12); and ProTaper Next (n = 12). Samples were collected before and after the biomechanical preparation and inoculated in specific flasks. Irrigation was performed using 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. A kinetic turbidimetric lysate assay of limulus amoebocytes was used to quantify endotoxins. Microbiological culture technique was used to determine the count of bacterial colony forming units (CFU/mL). Data collected were statistically analyzed using SigmaPlot 12.0 for Windows. The Two-Way ANOVA statistical test was performed and the level of significance was 5%. In the samples before the biomechanical preparation, cultivable bacteria and endotoxins were evidenced in 100% of the cases. The culture analysis revealed that there was no statistically significant difference in the bacterial reduction between the two instrumentation systems. Endotoxins were present in 100% of the canals after instrumentation and there was no statistical difference between the two systems in endotoxin reduction. Thus, it was concluded that both instrumentation systems were effective in reducing root canal bacteria and endotoxins with primary endodontic infection and that there was no statistical difference between them. However, no system was able to eliminate 100% of the bacteria and their by-products.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/análise , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Adulto , Carga Bacteriana , Técnicas Bacteriológicas , Endotoxinas/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e028, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994706

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the cyclic fatigue resistance of Genius and EdgeFile X1 reciprocating instruments compared with WaveOne Gold Primary. Twenty Genius (Ultradent) 25.04, 20 Genius 30.04, 20 EdgeFile X1 (EdgeEndo) and 20 WaveOne Gold Primary (Dentsply Maillefer) instruments were included in this study and tested in a static cyclic fatigue testing device, which has an artificial stainless steel canal with a 60° angle of curvature and a 5-mm radius of curvature. All instruments were operated in reciprocation mode until fracture occurred. The number of cycles to failure (NCF) was calculated and time to fracture (TF) was recorded in seconds using a digital chronometer. The mean and standard deviations of NCF and TF were calculated for each reciprocating system and the data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance and to Dunn's test (p < .05) using SigmaPlot software (Systat software, CA, USA). The fractured surfaces of five instruments from each brand were randomly examined and microphotographed by a low-vacuum environmental scanning electron microscopy - SEM (Tabletop Microscope TM3030, Hitachi, Japan) to confirm the cyclic fatigue fracture. EdgeFile exhibited the highest cyclic fatigue resistance, followed by both Genius files (p < .05). Within the limitations of this in vitro study, EdgeFile X1 instruments had significantly higher cyclic fatigue resistance than did Genius and WaveOne Gold Primary instruments. The cyclic fatigue resistance of both Genius files was higher than that of WaveOne Gold Primary.


Assuntos
Instrumentos Odontológicos/normas , Níquel/química , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Titânio/química , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e017, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892412

RESUMO

In endodontic treatment, regardless of the instrumentation technique, the presence of a smear layer covering contaminated dentin walls is always a concern. Thus, irrigation plays an essential role in reducing bacterial load. To enhance irrigation effectiveness, different ultrasonic activation methods and the use of different tips have been studied. This study assessed the cleaning capacity of the novel NiTi ultrasonic tip for smear layer removal using ultrasonically activated irrigation (UAI) with passive or continuous ultrasonic irrigation (PUI or CUI, respectively), compared with conventional irrigation. Forty-five single-rooted human mandibular premolars were decoronated to a standardized length of 16 mm. Instrumentation was performed using the Genius system up to size 50.04 and irrigated with 3% NaOCl. The specimens were divided into three groups (n = 15) according to the final irrigation activation technique: conventional irrigation (CI), as control group; PUI; and CUI, following the manufacturer's protocol. The samples were longitudinally cleaved and analyzed under a scanning electron microscope for smear layer removal according to a cleanliness score for the cervical, middle, and apical thirds. Data were evaluated by means of the Kruskal-Wallis and Tukey's tests, with a 5% level of significance. UAI enhanced cleaning compared to conventional irrigation, mainly at the apical third. CUI showed the best results, with statistically significant lower scores than PUI and CI (p < 0.05). Final irrigant activation with the NiTi tip showed better cleaning capacity than conventional irrigation. In addition, CUI resulted in better smear layer removal than PUI.


Assuntos
Profilaxia Dentária/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar , Níquel , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Titânio , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Humanos , Irrigação Terapêutica/instrumentação , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos
7.
J Investig Clin Dent ; 10(2): e12401, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30693672

RESUMO

AIM: Carvedilol is an antioxidant that decreases inflammation in periodontitis. The hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) of bleaching gel causes inflammation and necrosis of the dental pulp. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory potential of carvedilol in the pulp of rats after bleaching. METHODS: The right upper molars of rats received 35% H2 O2 (1× 30 minutes), and the left upper molars were used as the control. Half of the rats received carvedilol gel (1× 10 minutes), forming the following groups: bleached, bleached followed by carvedilol (bleached+carvedilol), and control. After 2 and 30 days (N = 7 hemi-maxillae/group), the rats were killed for histological evaluation, and statistical tests were performed (P < 0.05). RESULTS: After 2 days, the bleached group showed necrosis in the occlusal third of the coronal pulp, and in the bleached+carvedilol group, severe inflammation (P > 0.05), both different from the control (P < 0.05). In the middle third, the bleached group showed severe inflammation, and the bleached+carvedilol group showed moderate inflammation (P > 0.05), with the only difference between the bleached and control groups (P < 0.05). In the cervical third, the bleached group showed moderate inflammation, and the bleached+carvedilol group showed mild inflammation (P > 0.05). The difference again was only between the bleached and control groups (P < 0.05). At 30 days, there was no inflammation and a marked amount of tertiary dentin in bleached teeth (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Carvedilol gel has the potential of minimizing H2 O2 damage, especially in deep regions of the dental pulp of rats after bleaching.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios , Carvedilol , Polpa Dentária , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
8.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 25: 376-381, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of using curcumin as photosensitizer on the mechanical properties of intraradicular dentin and on the bond strength of glass-fiber posts are unknown. Thus, this in vitro study evaluated the influence of using curcumin as photosensitizer during photodynamic therapy on the Martens hardness, elastic modulus, and bond strength of glass-fiber posts luted to intraradicular dentin, in different tooth root thirds. METHODS: Eighty bovine teeth were divided into 5 groups according to the concentration of curcumin applied, with or without blue LED light activation: Control-deionized water; Curcumin 500 mg/L; Curcumin 500 mg/L + blue LED; Curcumin 1000 mg/L; and Curcumin 1000 mg/L + blue LED. Mechanical properties were measured in different thirds of the radicular dentin using an ultramicrohardness tester (n = 8). A universal testing machine was used to evaluate the push-out bond strength (n = 8). Mechanical properties were compared across groups with the Kruskal-Wallis test, and across regions with the Friedman test. Bond strength data were subjected to ANOVA, followed by Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze the failure mode of the specimens. RESULTS: The use of curcumin photosensitizer, with or without blue LED light, improved mechanical properties compared to those of the control group (P < 0.05), and promote no statistically significant difference in bond strength values (P > 0.05). Overall, there was no difference among the intraradicular thirds for Martens hardness and push-out bond strength values (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Curcumin photosensitizer, with or without photodynamic therapy, changed the mechanical properties of intraradicular dentin; however, the Martens hardness and bond strength values did not differ with the depth of the dentin.


Assuntos
Curcumina/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária , Dentina/química , Vidro/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Bovinos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Incisivo , Teste de Materiais
9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(5): 2055-2060, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30238413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between length of root canal obturation (RCO) and the presence of apical periodontitis (AP) in different dental groups using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 392 roots with canal treatment performed for more than 4 years were evaluated using CBCT. Distances from the apex to the tip of filling material were measured and classified as more than 2 mm short of the apex, approximately 1-2 mm short of the apex, at the apex, and beyond the apex. Odds ratio, confidence interval, and the χ2 test were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: The frequency of AP was significantly greater in molars than in the other tooth groups (p < 0.05). Moreover, RCO that ended 1-2 mm short of the apex was associated with a lower prevalence of AP in molars and premolars (p < 0.05) and in anterior teeth (p < 0.1) when compared with RCO at the apex, more than 2 mm short of the apex, or beyond the apex. When the RCO reached the apex, there was no difference in the presence of AP among dental groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The length of RCOs can influence the presence of AP, with molars showing a higher prevalence. RCOs ending 1-2 mm short of the apex are associated with an absence of AP. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The length of obturation is related to the presence of apical peridontitis and consequently to the success of endodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Periodontite Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Ápice Dentário/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Cavidade Pulpar , Humanos
10.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(1): 169-177, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29572687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate, in vivo, the biocompatibility via subcutaneous inflammatory tissue response and mineralization ability of the new MTA Flow compared to MTA Angelus and ProRoot MTA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats were assigned and received subcutaneous polyethylene tube implants containing the test materials and a control group with empty tube (n = 10 animals/group). After days 7, 15, 30, and 60, the animals were euthanized and the polyethylene tubes were removed with the surrounding tissues. Inflammatory infiltrate and thickness of the fibrous capsule were histologically evaluated. Mineralization was analyzed by Von Kossa staining and under polarized light. Data were analyzed via Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's test with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: MTA Angelus induced the mildest reaction after 7 (P > .05) and 15 days (P < .05) followed by MTA Flow, both cements achieving mild inflammatory reaction after 15 days. ProRoot MTA induced a severe inflammation on day 7 and was reducing after day 15 (P > .05). No difference was observed after days 30 or 60 (P > .05). Von Kossa staining and birefringent structures were positive to all materials. CONCLUSIONS: At the end of the experiment, the novel MTA Flow showed biocompatibility and induced biomineralization in all time periods. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The final consistence obtained in MTA Flow may facilitate several procedures, indicating that the MTA Flow has a promising application in endodontics.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Biomineralização , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Óxidos/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Tela Subcutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bismuto , Combinação de Medicamentos , Implantes de Medicamento , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e028, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001600

RESUMO

Abstract: This study aimed to assess the cyclic fatigue resistance of Genius and EdgeFile X1 reciprocating instruments compared with WaveOne Gold Primary. Twenty Genius (Ultradent) 25.04, 20 Genius 30.04, 20 EdgeFile X1 (EdgeEndo) and 20 WaveOne Gold Primary (Dentsply Maillefer) instruments were included in this study and tested in a static cyclic fatigue testing device, which has an artificial stainless steel canal with a 60° angle of curvature and a 5-mm radius of curvature. All instruments were operated in reciprocation mode until fracture occurred. The number of cycles to failure (NCF) was calculated and time to fracture (TF) was recorded in seconds using a digital chronometer. The mean and standard deviations of NCF and TF were calculated for each reciprocating system and the data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance and to Dunn's test (p < .05) using SigmaPlot software (Systat software, CA, USA). The fractured surfaces of five instruments from each brand were randomly examined and microphotographed by a low-vacuum environmental scanning electron microscopy - SEM (Tabletop Microscope TM3030, Hitachi, Japan) to confirm the cyclic fatigue fracture. EdgeFile exhibited the highest cyclic fatigue resistance, followed by both Genius files (p < .05). Within the limitations of this in vitro study, EdgeFile X1 instruments had significantly higher cyclic fatigue resistance than did Genius and WaveOne Gold Primary instruments. The cyclic fatigue resistance of both Genius files was higher than that of WaveOne Gold Primary.

12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e039, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001610

RESUMO

Abstract: This clinical study compared the effectiveness of two rotary systems: HyFlex CM (Coltene-Whaledent, Altstetten, Switzerland) and ProTaper Next (Dentsply Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland) on the removal of cultivable bacteria and endotoxins from primarily infected root canals. This study was designed as a randomized single-blinded, 2-arm, clinical trial. Twenty-four primarily infected root canals were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups: HyFlex CM (n = 12); and ProTaper Next (n = 12). Samples were collected before and after the biomechanical preparation and inoculated in specific flasks. Irrigation was performed using 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. A kinetic turbidimetric lysate assay of limulus amoebocytes was used to quantify endotoxins. Microbiological culture technique was used to determine the count of bacterial colony forming units (CFU/mL). Data collected were statistically analyzed using SigmaPlot 12.0 for Windows. The Two-Way ANOVA statistical test was performed and the level of significance was 5%. In the samples before the biomechanical preparation, cultivable bacteria and endotoxins were evidenced in 100% of the cases. The culture analysis revealed that there was no statistically significant difference in the bacterial reduction between the two instrumentation systems. Endotoxins were present in 100% of the canals after instrumentation and there was no statistical difference between the two systems in endotoxin reduction. Thus, it was concluded that both instrumentation systems were effective in reducing root canal bacteria and endotoxins with primary endodontic infection and that there was no statistical difference between them. However, no system was able to eliminate 100% of the bacteria and their by-products.

13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e017, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-989481

RESUMO

Abstract In endodontic treatment, regardless of the instrumentation technique, the presence of a smear layer covering contaminated dentin walls is always a concern. Thus, irrigation plays an essential role in reducing bacterial load. To enhance irrigation effectiveness, different ultrasonic activation methods and the use of different tips have been studied. This study assessed the cleaning capacity of the novel NiTi ultrasonic tip for smear layer removal using ultrasonically activated irrigation (UAI) with passive or continuous ultrasonic irrigation (PUI or CUI, respectively), compared with conventional irrigation. Forty-five single-rooted human mandibular premolars were decoronated to a standardized length of 16 mm. Instrumentation was performed using the Genius system up to size 50.04 and irrigated with 3% NaOCl. The specimens were divided into three groups (n = 15) according to the final irrigation activation technique: conventional irrigation (CI), as control group; PUI; and CUI, following the manufacturer's protocol. The samples were longitudinally cleaved and analyzed under a scanning electron microscope for smear layer removal according to a cleanliness score for the cervical, middle, and apical thirds. Data were evaluated by means of the Kruskal-Wallis and Tukey's tests, with a 5% level of significance. UAI enhanced cleaning compared to conventional irrigation, mainly at the apical third. CUI showed the best results, with statistically significant lower scores than PUI and CI (p < 0.05). Final irrigant activation with the NiTi tip showed better cleaning capacity than conventional irrigation. In addition, CUI resulted in better smear layer removal than PUI.

14.
Braz Dent J ; 29(6): 555-561, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517478

RESUMO

Bleaching gel containing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) cause damages in pulp tissue. This study investigated the action of a topical anti-inflammatory, the Otosporin®, in rats' bleached teeth with the null hypothesis of which the Otosporin® is no able to minimize the pulp inflammation that bleaching gel generates. The rat's molars were divided into groups: BLE: bleached (35% H2O2 concentration /single application of 30 min); BLE-O: bleached followed by Otosporin® (10 min); and control: placebo gel. In the second day after dental bleaching, the rats were killed, and the jaws were processed for hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry analysis for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17. The data collected were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn statistical tests with at a 5% level of significance (p<0.05). The BLE group had moderate to strong inflammation in the occlusal third of the coronary pulp, with necrotic areas; and BLE-O, mild inflammation (p<0.05). There was a significant difference in the occlusal and middle thirds of the coronary pulp between the BLE with BLE-O and control groups (p<0.05). There was no difference in the cervical third (p>0.05). The BLE group had a high immunoexpression of TNF-α than BLE-O and control groups (p<0.05), with moderate and mild immunoexpression, respectively. Regarding IL-6 and IL-17, the BLE group had higher immunoexpression than control (p<0.05); the BLE-O was similar to the control (p>0.05). The topical anti-inflammatory Otosporin® can reduce pulp inflammation after dental bleaching in the rat teeth.


Assuntos
Hidrocortisona/farmacologia , Neomicina/farmacologia , Polimixina B/farmacologia , Pulpite/induzido quimicamente , Pulpite/prevenção & controle , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Administração Tópica , Animais , Biomarcadores/análise , Combinação de Medicamentos , Hidrocortisona/administração & dosagem , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interleucina-17/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Neomicina/administração & dosagem , Polimixina B/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(6): 555-561, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-974188

RESUMO

Abstract Bleaching gel containing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) cause damages in pulp tissue. This study investigated the action of a topical anti-inflammatory, the Otosporin®, in rats' bleached teeth with the null hypothesis of which the Otosporin® is no able to minimize the pulp inflammation that bleaching gel generates. The rat's molars were divided into groups: BLE: bleached (35% H2O2 concentration /single application of 30 min); BLE-O: bleached followed by Otosporin® (10 min); and control: placebo gel. In the second day after dental bleaching, the rats were killed, and the jaws were processed for hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry analysis for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17. The data collected were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn statistical tests with at a 5% level of significance (p<0.05). The BLE group had moderate to strong inflammation in the occlusal third of the coronary pulp, with necrotic areas; and BLE-O, mild inflammation (p<0.05). There was a significant difference in the occlusal and middle thirds of the coronary pulp between the BLE with BLE-O and control groups (p<0.05). There was no difference in the cervical third (p>0.05). The BLE group had a high immunoexpression of TNF-α than BLE-O and control groups (p<0.05), with moderate and mild immunoexpression, respectively. Regarding IL-6 and IL-17, the BLE group had higher immunoexpression than control (p<0.05); the BLE-O was similar to the control (p>0.05). The topical anti-inflammatory Otosporin® can reduce pulp inflammation after dental bleaching in the rat teeth.


Resumo O gel clareador à base de peróxido de hidrogênio (H2O2) causa danos ao tecido pulpar. Este estudo investigou a ação de um anti-inflamatório tópico, o Otosporin®, nos dentes de ratos clareados com a hipótese nula de que o Otosporin® não é capaz de minimizar a inflamação da polpa gerada pelo gel clareador. Os molares dos ratos foram divididos em grupos: ClA: clareado (H2O2 a 35% / aplicação única de 30 min); CLA-O: clareado seguido do Otosporin® (10 min); e controle: gel placebo. No segundo dia após a clareação dentária, os ratos foram mortos e suas maxilas foram processadas para análise de hematoxilina-eosina e imunohistoquímica para o fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-a), interleucina (IL)-6 e IL-17. Os dados coletados foram submetidos aos testes estatísticos de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn com um nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05). O grupo CLA apresentou inflamação moderada à severa no terço oclusal da polpa coronária, com áreas necróticas; e CLA-O, inflamação leve (p<0,05). Houve diferença significativa nos terços oclusal e médio da polpa coronária entre o grupo CLA com os grupos CLA-O e controle (p<0,05). Não houve diferença no terço cervical (p>0,05). O grupo CLA apresentou maior imunoexpressão para TNF-a comparado aos grupos CLA-O e controle (p<0,05), com imunoexpressão moderada e leve, respectivamente. Em relação a IL-6 e IL-17, o grupo CLA apresentou maior imunoexpressão comparado ao controle (p<0,05); o CLA-O foi semelhante ao controle (p>0,05). O anti-inflamatório tópico Otosporin® pode reduzir a inflamação pulpar após clareação em dentes de ratos.

16.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e42, 2018 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846390

RESUMO

Based on aroeira's (Myracrodruon urundeuva) antimicrobial activity and a future trend to compose intracanal medication, the aim of this study was to assess in vivo inflamatory tissue response to the extracts by edemogenic and histological analysis containing inactivated facultative and anaerobic microorganisms. For edema quantification, eighteen animals were divided into three groups (n = 3, periods: 3 and 6 hours) and 0.2 mL of 1% Evans blue per 100 g of body weight was injected into the penile vein under general anesthesia. After 30 min the animals received a subcutaneous injection in the dorsal region of aqueous or ethanolic extract of aroeira or saline (control) containing inactivated bacteria. Samples were collected, immersed in formamide for 72h, and evaluated by spectrophotometry (630 m). For histological analysis, polyethylene tubes with the extracts were implanted in the dorsal of 30 male rats. Analysis of the fibrous capsule and inflammatory infiltrate were performed after 7 and 30 days. The aqueous extract group induced less edema in both postoperative periods compared to the other groups, but the differences were not significant (p > 0.05). Tissue repair was significantly better after 30 days than after 7 days (p < 0.01). The aqueous solution showed less inflammatory response than the ethanolic solution (p < 0.05), with tendency for better results than control after 7 days. After 30 days, the response to both extracts was similar to control. The aqueous and ethanolic aroeira extracts containing inactivated microorganisms showed a trend for better results than saline, even when associated with microorganisms, and facilitated the tissue repair process.


Assuntos
Anacardiaceae/química , Edema/prevenção & controle , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Tela Subcutânea/microbiologia , Animais , Edema/patologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/classificação , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/classificação , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Tela Subcutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Tela Subcutânea/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e42, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-889494

RESUMO

Abstract: Based on aroeira's (Myracrodruon urundeuva) antimicrobial activity and a future trend to compose intracanal medication, the aim of this study was to assess in vivo inflamatory tissue response to the extracts by edemogenic and histological analysis containing inactivated facultative and anaerobic microorganisms. For edema quantification, eighteen animals were divided into three groups (n = 3, periods: 3 and 6 hours) and 0.2 mL of 1% Evans blue per 100 g of body weight was injected into the penile vein under general anesthesia. After 30 min the animals received a subcutaneous injection in the dorsal region of aqueous or ethanolic extract of aroeira or saline (control) containing inactivated bacteria. Samples were collected, immersed in formamide for 72h, and evaluated by spectrophotometry (630 m). For histological analysis, polyethylene tubes with the extracts were implanted in the dorsal of 30 male rats. Analysis of the fibrous capsule and inflammatory infiltrate were performed after 7 and 30 days. The aqueous extract group induced less edema in both postoperative periods compared to the other groups, but the differences were not significant (p > 0.05). Tissue repair was significantly better after 30 days than after 7 days (p < 0.01). The aqueous solution showed less inflammatory response than the ethanolic solution (p < 0.05), with tendency for better results than control after 7 days. After 30 days, the response to both extracts was similar to control. The aqueous and ethanolic aroeira extracts containing inactivated microorganisms showed a trend for better results than saline, even when associated with microorganisms, and facilitated the tissue repair process.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Anacardiaceae/química , Edema/prevenção & controle , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Tela Subcutânea/microbiologia , Edema/patologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/classificação , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/classificação , Inflamação/patologia , Ratos Wistar , Tela Subcutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Tela Subcutânea/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 21(2): 157-163, 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-906057

RESUMO

Objective: The at-home bleaching technique leads to the intimate contact of the bleaching gel with gingival tissues, so this study evaluated the immediate inflammatory response, through the edemogenic test, induced by at-home bleaching gels of 10% carbamide peroxide with different desensitizing agents, the quantification of hydrogen peroxide released and bleaching gels pH. Material and Methods: Forty-eight rats were divided into groups (n=12): CTRL-control group, WP-Whiteness Perfect 10% (FGM Produtos Odontológicos, Joinville, SC, Brazil), OPA-Opalescence 10% (Ultradent Products Inc., South Jordan, IT, USA), and PB-Power Bleaching (BM4, Palhoça, SC, Brazil). For the edemogenic test, all rats received an intravenous injection of Evan's Blue; after 30 min, 0.2 mL of each bleaching gels was injected into the subcutaneous tissue of the rats, and the results of the vascular permeability were assessed after 3 and 6h. The amount of HP released and pH of each product was also determined. Data were submitted to statistical test (p <0.05 ). Results: At 3h, the PB showed higher vascular permeability than the other groups. At 6h, the PB produced similar vascular permeability than WHI, and higher than OPA and CTRL groups. The OPA group had a higher vascular permeability at 6h compared to 3h; there is no difference in other groups. The PB group had higher HP concentrations than the other groups. Conclusion: In general, the PB caused a more considerable amount of inflammatory edema and higher amount of HP released. This results suggesting that these bleaching gels cause greater aggression in soft gingival tissues that eventually ends up in contact with bleaching products. (AU)


Objetivo: A técnica de clareamento domiciliar leva ao contato íntimo do gel clareador com tecidos gengivais, assim, este estudo avaliou a resposta inflamatória imediata, através do teste edemogênico, induzido por gel de clareamento caseiro à base de peróxido de carbamida a 10% com diferentes agentes dessensibilizantes, a quantificação de peróxido de hidrogênio liberado e o pH dos géis branqueadores. Material e Métodos: Quarenta e oito ratos foram divididos em 4 grupos (n = 12): grupocontrole CTRL, WP-Whiteness Perfect 10% (FGM Produtos Odontológicos, Joinville, SC, Brasil), OPA-Opalescence 10% (Ultradent Products Inc., South Jordan, IT, EUA) e PB-Power Bleaching (BM4, Palhoça, SC, Brasil). Para o teste edemogênico, todos os ratos receberam uma injeção intravenosa de Evan's Blue; após 30 min, 0,2 mL de cada gel clareador foi injetado no tecido subcutâneo dos ratos, e os resultados da permeabilidade vascular foram avaliados após 3 e 6 horas. A quantidade de HP liberada e o pH de cada produto também foram determinados. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste estatístico (P <0,05). Resultados: Às 3h, o PB apresentou maior permeabilidade vascular que os demais grupos. Às 6h, o PB produziu permeabilidade vascular semelhante ao WHI e maior que os grupos OPA e CTRL. O grupo OPA apresentou maior permeabilidade vascular às 6h em relação às 3h; Não existe essa diferença em outros grupos. O grupo PB apresentou maiores concentrações de HP que os demais grupos. Conclusão: Em geral, o PB causou maior quantidade de edema inflamatório e maior quantidade de HP liberado. Estes resultados sugerem que estes géis branqueadores causam maior agressividade nos tecidos gengivais moles que eventualmente acabam em contato com produtos de branqueamento. (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Permeabilidade Capilar , Estética Dentária , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Clareamento Dental
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(3): 372-379, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888654

RESUMO

Abstract Psidium cattleianum (PC) has been displaying inhibitory effect against a variety of microorganisms, but this effect has not yet been tested against endodontic pathogens. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity and biocompatibility of the aqueous (PCAE) and hydroethanolic (PCHE) extracts from Psidium cattleianum (PC) leaves. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum lethal concentration (MLC) were determined using the microdilution broth method in order to analyze the antimicrobial effect against Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Actinomyces israelii and Candida albicans in planktonic conditions. Biofilm assays were conducted only with the extracts that were able to determine the MLC for microorganisms in planktonic conditions. Immediate and late tissue reactions against PC extracts were evaluated using edemogenic test and histological analysis of subcutaneous implants in Wistar rats. The results showed that the MIC and MLC values ranged between 0.25 and 4 mg/mL. The MLC obtained for PCHE inhibited 100% growth of all the tested strains, except for C. albicans. PCAE had the same effect for E. faecalis and P. aeruginosa. Both PC extracts were able to eliminate E. faecalis biofilms and only the PCHE eliminated P. aeruginosa biofilms. The positive controls inhibited the growth of all tested strains in MIC and MLC essays, but no CHX tested concentrations were able to eliminate A. israelii biofilm. PCAE caused a discrete increase in the edema over time, while PCHE caused a higher initial edema, which decreased progressively. Both PCAE and PCHE extracts were biocompatible, but PCHE showed better results with slight levels of inflammation at 28 days. In conclusion, PCHE was biocompatible and presented better antimicrobial effect against important pathogens associated with persistent endodontic infections


Resumo Psidium cattleianum (PC) tem apresentado atividade inibitória frente diversos microrganismos, entretanto esse efeito ainda não foi testado contra microrganismos de interesse endodôntico. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana e a biocompatibilidade dos extratos aquoso (EAPC) e hidroetanólico (EHPC) das folhas de Psidium cattleianum. As concentrações inibitória mínima (CIM) e letal mínima (CLM) foram determinadas pelo método de microdiluição em caldo, com o objetivo de analisar o efeito antimicrobiano frente Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Actinomyces israelii e Candida albicans em condições planctônicas. Os ensaios de biofilme foram realizados somente com os extratos em que se determinou a CLM frente os microrganismos em condições planctônicas. Respostas teciduais imediata e tardia frente aos extratos de Psidium cattleianum foram avaliadas por teste edemogênico e análise histológica de implantes subcutâneos em ratos Wistar. Os resultados mostraram que CIM e CLM variaram entre 0,25 e 4 mg/mL. As CLMs determinadas pelo EHPC inibiram 100% do crescimento de todas as cepas testadas, exceto Candida albicans. EAPC apresentou o mesmo efeito para E. faecalis e P. aeruginosa. Ambos os extratos de PC conseguiram eliminar o biofilme de E. faecalis, e somente o EHPC eliminou o biofilme de P. aeruginosa. Os controles positivos inibiram o crescimento de todos os microrganismos testados nos ensaios de CIM e CLM, mas nenhuma das concentrações de clorexidina testadas foi capaz de eliminar o biofilme de A. israelii. O EAPC provocou um discreto aumento de edema com o tempo, enquanto EHPC provocou um edema inicial severo, que diminuiu progressivamente. Ambos os extratos EAPC e EHPC foram biocompatíveis, entretanto, EHPC apresentou melhores resultados com baixos níveis de inflamação em 28 dias. Pode-se concluir que EHPC foi biocompatível e apresentou melhor efeito antimicrobiano frente importantes patógenos associados a infecções endodônticas persistentes.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Psidium/química , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Actinobacteria/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Wistar
20.
Arch Oral Biol ; 81: 103-109, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28500951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study provides an in vivo evaluation of the inflammatory response, levels of cell proliferation and apoptosis, and the presence of necrosis after dental bleaching with two concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). DESIGN: Wistar rats were divided into Control (placebo gel), BLUE (20% H2O2, 1×50min), and MAXX (35% H2O2, 3×15min) groups. At 2 and 30days, the rats were killed (n=10). The jaws were processed for histology analysis and PCNA and Caspase-3-cleaved immunohistochemistry, and data were submitted to the Mann-Whitney or ANOVA test (P<0.05). RESULTS: At 2days, the MAXX group showed necrosis and the BLUE group revealed moderate inflammation on the occlusal third of the crown (P<0.05). At 30days, tertiary dentin had formed and there was an absence of inflammation. The level of cell proliferation was higher in the middle third of the BLUE group (P<0.05), and cervical of MAXX at 2days (P<0.05), decreasing at 30days. The apoptosis was present at 2days, particularly in the cervical third of the crown in the bleached groups (P<0.05), with a decrease only at 30days in the BLUE group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The concentration of H2O2 influences effects on the pulp tissue, where a higher concentration of H2O2 can cause necrosis in the pulp and a prolonged effect within the apoptotic process; lower concentrations of H2O2 provide moderate inflammation, cell proliferation and apoptosis with a reduction of these processes over time.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/induzido quimicamente , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Clareadores Dentários/toxicidade , Animais , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...