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Adv Mater ; 32(4): e1905200, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788886


Mixed ionic-electronic conductors (MIECs) that display high oxide ion conductivity (σo ) and electronic conductivity (σe ) constitute an important family of electrocatalysts for a variety of applications including fuel cells and oxygen separation membranes. Often MIECs exhibit sufficient σe but inadequate σo . It has been a long-standing challenge to develop MIECs with both high σo and stability under device operation conditions. For example, the well-known perovskite oxide Ba0.5 Sr0.5 Co0.8 Fe0.2 O3- δ (BSCF) exhibits exceptional σo and electrocatalytic activity. The reactivity of BSCF with CO2 , however, limits its use in practical applications. Here, the perovskite oxide Bi0.15 Sr0.85 Co0.8 Fe0.2 O3- δ (BiSCF) is shown to exhibit not only exceptional bulk transport properties, with a σo among the highest for known MIECs, but also high CO2 tolerance. When used as an oxygen separation membrane, BiSCF displays high oxygen permeability comparable to that of BSCF and much higher stability under CO2 . The combination of high oxide transport properties and CO2 tolerance in a single-phase MIEC gives BiSCF a significant advantage over existing MIECs for practical applications.

J Am Chem Soc ; 142(2): 847-856, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825213


Making new van der Waals materials with electronic or magnetic functionality is a chemical design challenge for the development of two-dimensional nanoelectronic and energy conversion devices. We present the synthesis and properties of the van der Waals material Bi4O4SeCl2, which is a 1:1 superlattice of the structural units present in the van der Waals insulator BiOCl and the three-dimensionally connected semiconductor Bi2O2Se. The presence of three anions gives the new structure both the bridging selenide anion sites that connect pairs of Bi2O2 layers in Bi2O2Se and the terminal chloride sites that produce the van der Waals gap in BiOCl. This retains the electronic properties of Bi2O2Se while reducing the dimensionality of the bonding network connecting the Bi2O2Se units to allow exfoliation of Bi4O4SeCl2 to 1.4 nm height. The superlattice structure is stabilized by the configurational entropy of anion disorder across the terminal and bridging sites. The reduction in connective dimensionality with retention of electronic functionality stems from the expanded anion compositional diversity.

Small ; 14(21): e1800547, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29673074


Semiconducting 2D materials, such as SnS2 , hold immense potential for many applications ranging from electronics to catalysis. However, deposition of few-layer SnS2 films has remained a great challenge. Herein, continuous wafer-scale 2D SnS2 films with accurately controlled thickness (2 to 10 monolayers) are realized by combining a new atomic layer deposition process with low-temperature (250 °C) postdeposition annealing. Uniform coating of large-area and 3D substrates is demonstrated owing to the unique self-limiting growth mechanism of atomic layer deposition. Detailed characterization confirms the 1T-type crystal structure and composition, smoothness, and continuity of the SnS2 films. A two-stage deposition process is also introduced to improve the texture of the films. Successful deposition of continuous, high-quality SnS2 films at low temperatures constitutes a crucial step toward various applications of 2D semiconductors.

J Am Chem Soc ; 139(44): 15568-15571, 2017 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29037045


Layered two-anion compounds are of interest for their diverse electronic properties. The modular nature of their layered structures offers opportunities for the construction of complex stackings used to introduce or tune functionality, but the accessible layer combinations are limited by the crystal chemistries of the available anions. We present a layered three-anion material, Bi4O4Cu1.7Se2.7Cl0.3, which adopts a new structure type composed of alternately stacked BiOCuSe and Bi2O2Se-like units. This structure is accessed by inclusion of three chemically distinct anions, which are accommodated by aliovalently substituted Bi2O2Se0.7Cl0.3 blocks coupled to Cu-deficient Bi2O2Cu1.7Se2 blocks, producing a formal charge modulation along the stacking direction. The hypothetical parent phase Bi4O4Cu2Se3 is unstable with respect to its charge-neutral stoichiometric building blocks. The complex layer stacking confers excellent thermal properties upon Bi4O4Cu1.7Se2.7Cl0.3: a room-temperature thermal conductivity (κ) of 0.4(1) W/mK was measured on a pellet with preferred crystallite orientation along the stacking axis, with perpendicular measurement indicating it is also highly anisotropic. This κ value lies in the ultralow regime and is smaller than those of both BiOCuSe and Bi2O2Se. Bi4O4Cu1.7Se2.7Cl0.3 behaves like a charge-balanced semiconductor with a narrow band gap. The chemical diversity offered by the additional anion allows the integration of two common structural units in a single phase by the simultaneous and coupled creation of charge-balancing defects in each of the units.

J Chem Phys ; 121(20): 10203-8, 2004 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15549895


The adsorption of isonicotinic acid on rutile TiO(2)(110) has been investigated using synchrotron-based valence band photoemission. Structural ordering in multilayer films of the molecules is found to give rise to a strong angular dependence in the valence band intensities when measured using linearly polarized radiation. Molecular ordering in this case is proposed to be induced by intermolecular hydrogen bonding which is found to be highly dependent upon the deposition rate of the isonicotinic acid. Through comparison of the experimental data with density functional calculated valence band spectra of hydrogen-bonded isonicotinic acid molecules, we can account for the angular dependence in terms of the spatial distribution of the molecular orbitals.