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1.
J Med Chem ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591748

RESUMO

SAR efforts directed at identifying RORγt inverse agonists structurally different from our clinical compound 1 (BMS-986251) led to tricyclic-carbocyclic analogues represented by 3-7 and culminated in the identification of 3d (BMS-986313), with structural differences distinct from 1. The X-ray co-crystal structure of 3d with the ligand binding domain of RORγt revealed several key interactions, which are different from 1. The in vitro and in vivo PK profiles of 3d are described. In addition, we demonstrate robust efficacy of 3d in two preclinical models of psoriasis-the IMQ-induced skin lesion model and the IL-23-induced acanthosis model. The efficacy seen with 3d in these models is comparable to the results observed with 1.

2.
J Med Chem ; 64(3): 1454-1480, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492963

RESUMO

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) binds to a family of sphingosine-1-phosphate G-protein-coupled receptors (S1P1-5). The interaction of S1P with these S1P receptors has a fundamental role in many physiological processes in the vascular and immune systems. Agonist-induced functional antagonism of S1P1 has been shown to result in lymphopenia. As a result, agonists of this type hold promise as therapeutics for autoimmune disorders. The previously disclosed differentiated S1P1 modulator BMS-986104 (1) exhibited improved preclinical cardiovascular and pulmonary safety profiles as compared to earlier full agonists of S1P1; however, it demonstrated a long pharmacokinetic half-life (T1/2 18 days) in the clinic and limited formation of the desired active phosphate metabolite. Optimization of this series through incorporation of olefins, ethers, thioethers, and glycols into the alkyl side chain afforded an opportunity to reduce the projected human T1/2 and improve the formation of the active phosphate metabolite while maintaining efficacy as well as the improved safety profile. These efforts led to the discovery of 12 and 24, each of which are highly potent, biased agonists of S1P1. These compounds not only exhibited shorter in vivo T1/2 in multiple species but are also projected to have significantly shorter T1/2 values in humans when compared to our first clinical candidate. In models of arthritis, treatment with 12 and 24 demonstrated robust efficacy.

3.
J Org Chem ; 86(2): 1730-1747, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356273

RESUMO

Indole and indoline rings are important pharmacophoric scaffolds found in marketed drugs, agrochemicals, and biologically active molecules. The [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction is a versatile strategy for constructing architecturally interesting, sp3-rich cyclobutane-fused scaffolds with potential applications in drug discovery programs. A general platform for visible-light mediated intermolecular [2 + 2] cycloaddition of indoles with alkenes has been realized. A substrate-based screening approach led to the discovery of tert-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc)-protected indole-2-carboxyesters as suitable motifs for the intermolecular [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction. Significantly, the reaction proceeds in good yield with a wide variety of both activated and unactivated alkenes, including those containing free amines and alcohols, and the transformation exhibits excellent regio- and diastereoselectivity. Moreover, the scope of the indole substrate is very broad, extending to previously unexplored azaindole heterocycles that collectively afford fused cyclobutane containing scaffolds that offer unique properties with functional handles and vectors suitable for further derivatization. DFT computational studies provide insights into the mechanism of this [2 + 2] cycloaddition, which is initiated by a triplet-triplet energy transfer process. The photocatalytic reaction was successfully performed on a 100 g scale to provide the dihydroindole analog.

4.
Org Lett ; 23(1): 60-65, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351641

RESUMO

The use of the unprecedented annulating reagents methyl N-(tert-butylsulfinyl)-4-chlorobutanimidate and methyl N-(tert-butylsulfinyl)-5-bromopentanimidate enables the diastereoselective preparation of 5- and 6-membered carbocycles bearing three contiguous stereocenters. These synthons undergo cycloaddition with a variety of Michael acceptors to form cyclopentane/cyclohexane rings with excellent stereochemical control, generating only one of the eight possible diastereomers. This novel methodology has enabled the highly enantioselective and high yielding synthesis of novel chemotypes of pharmacological relevance.

5.
J Med Chem ; 63(23): 15050-15071, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261314

RESUMO

Scaffold hopping and structure-based drug design were employed to identify substituted 4-aminoquinolines and 4-aminonaphthyridines as potent, small molecule inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα). Structure-activity relationships in both the quinoline and naphthyridine series leading to the identification of compound 42 with excellent potency and pharmacokinetic profile are discussed. X-ray co-crystal structure analysis and ultracentrifugation experiments clearly demonstrate that these inhibitors distort the TNFα trimer upon binding, leading to aberrant signaling when the trimer binds to TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1). Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic activity of compound 42 in a TNF-induced IL-6 mouse model and in vivo activity in a collagen antibody-induced arthritis model, where it showed biologic-like in vivo efficacy, will be discussed.

6.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 11(9): 1766-1772, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944145

RESUMO

Efforts aimed at increasing the in vivo potency and reducing the elimination half-life of 1 and 2 led to the identification of aryl ether and thioether-derived bicyclic S1P1 differentiated modulators 3-6. The effects of analogs 3-6 on lymphocyte reduction in the rat (desired pharmacology) along with pulmonary- and cardiovascular-related effects (undesired pharmacology) are described. Optimization of the overall properties in the aryl ether series yielded 3d, and the predicted margin of safety against the cardiovascular effects of 3d would be large enough for human studies. Importantly, compared to 1 and 2, compound 3d had a better profile in both potency (ED50 < 0.05 mg/kg) and predicted human half-life (t 1/2 ∼ 5 days).

7.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(23): 127521, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882417

RESUMO

In order to rapidly develop C6 and C8 SAR of our reported tricyclic sulfone series of RORγt inverse agonists, a late-stage bromination was employed. Although not regioselective, the bromination protocol allowed us to explore new substitution patterns/vectors that otherwise would have to be incorporated at the very beginning of the synthesis. Based on the SAR obtained from this exercise, compound 15 bearing a C8 fluorine was developed as a very potent and selective RORγt inverse agonist. This analog's in vitro profile, pharmacokinetic (PK) data and efficacy in an IL-23 induced mouse acanthosis model will be discussed.

8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(17): 127392, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738966

RESUMO

A novel series of cis-3,4-diphenylpyrrolidines were designed as RORγt inverse agonists based on the binding conformation of previously reported bicyclic sulfonamide 1. Preliminary synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) study established (3S,4S)-3-methyl-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxyprop-2-yl)phenyl)pyrrolidine as the most effective scaffold. Subsequent SAR optimization led to identification of a piperidinyl carboxamide 31, which was potent against RORγt (EC50 of 61 nM in an inverse agonist assay), selective relative to RORα, RORß, LXRα and LXRß, and stable in human and mouse liver microsomes. Furthermore, compound 31 exhibited considerably lower PXR Ymax (46%) and emerged as a promising lead. The binding mode of the diphenylpyrrolidine series was established with an X-ray co-crystal structure of 10A/RORγt.

9.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(19): 127466, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763309

RESUMO

RORγt is the master regulator of the IL-23/IL-17 axis, a pathway that is clinically validated for the treatment of various immunological disorders. Over the last few years, our group has reported different chemotypes that potently act as inverse agonists of RORγt. One of them, the tricyclic pyrrolidine chemotype, has demonstrated biologic-like preclinical efficacy and has led to our clinical candidate BMS-986251. In this letter, we discuss the invention of an annulation reaction which enabled the synthesis of a tricyclic exocyclic amide chemotype and the identification of compounds with RORγt inverse agonist activity. Preliminary structure activity relationships are disclosed.

10.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 11(6): 1221-1227, 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32551004

RESUMO

Novel tricyclic analogues were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as RORγt inverse agonists. Several of these compounds were potent in an IL-17 human whole blood assay and exhibited excellent oral bioavailability in mouse pharmacokinetic studies. This led to the identification of compound 5, which displayed dose-dependent inhibition of IL-17F production in a mouse IL-2/IL-23 stimulated pharmacodynamic model. In addition, compound 5 was studied in mouse acanthosis and imiquimod-induced models of skin inflammation, where it demonstrated robust efficacy comparable to a positive control. As a result of this excellent overall profile, compound 5 (BMS-986251) was selected as a clinically viable developmental candidate.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(6): 3094-3103, 2020 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927959

RESUMO

We describe the synthesis through visible-light photocatalysis of novel functionalized tetracyclic scaffolds that incorporate a fused azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptan-2-one motif, which are structurally interesting cores with potential in natural product synthesis and drug discovery. The synthetic approach involves an intramolecular [2 + 2] cycloaddition with concomitant dearomatization of the heterocycle via an energy transfer process promoted by an iridium-based photosensitizer, to build a complex molecular architecture with at least three stereogenic centers from relatively simple, achiral precursors. These fused azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptan-2-one-based tetracycles were obtained in high yield (generally >99%) and with excellent diastereoselectivity (>99:1). The late-stage derivatization of a bromine-substituted, tetracyclic indoline derivative with alkyl groups, employing a mild Negishi C-C bond forming protocol as a means of increasing structural diversity, provides additional modularity that will enable the delivery of valuable building blocks for medicinal chemistry. Density functional theory calculations were used to compute the T1-S0 free energy gap of the olefin-tethered precursors and also to predict their reactivities based on triplet state energy transfer and transition state energy feasibility.

12.
Org Lett ; 21(22): 9198-9202, 2019 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647672

RESUMO

This communication highlights the use of chiral sulfinamides as nitrogen nucleophiles in intermolecular aza-Michael reactions. When chiral sulfinamides are coupled to a chloroethyl group, the corresponding novel annulating reagents can be used to streamline the stereoselective synthesis of complex pyrrolidine-containing molecules. As a result, it has enabled a medicinal chemistry campaign for the synthesis of biologically active RORγt inverse agonists.

13.
J Org Chem ; 84(13): 8360-8379, 2019 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30905152

RESUMO

An intramolecular arene alkylation reaction has been developed using the organic photocatalyst 4CzIPN, visible light, and N-(acyloxy)phthalimides as radical precursors. Reaction conditions were optimized via high-throughput experimentation, and electron-rich and electron-deficient arenes and heteroarenes are viable reaction substrates. This reaction enables access to a diverse set of fused, partially saturated cores which are of high interest in synthetic and medicinal chemistry.

14.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 367-373, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891142

RESUMO

A new phenyl (3-phenylpyrrolidin-3-yl)sulfone series of RORγt inverse agonists was discovered utilizing the binding conformation of previously reported bicyclic sulfonamide 1. Through a combination of structure-based design and structure-activity relationship studies, a polar set of amides at N1-position of the pyrrolidine ring and perfluoroisopropyl group at para-position of the 3-phenyl group were identified as critical structural elements to achieve high selectivity against PXR, LXRα, and LXRß. Further optimization led to the discovery of (1R,4r)-4-((R)-3-((4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-3-(4-(perfluoropropan-2-yl)phenyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (26), which displayed excellent selectivity, desirable liability and pharmacokinetic properties in vitro, and a good pharmacokinetic profile in mouse. Oral administration of 26 demonstrated dose-dependent inhibition of IL-17 production in a mouse IL-2/IL-23-induced pharmacodynamic model and biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced mouse acanthosis model.

15.
J Med Chem ; 62(5): 2265-2285, 2019 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785748

RESUMO

Recently, our research group reported the identification of BMS-986104 (2) as a differentiated S1P1 receptor modulator. In comparison to fingolimod (1), a full agonist of S1P1 currently marketed for the treatment of relapse remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), 2 offers several potential advantages having demonstrated improved safety multiples in preclinical evaluations against undesired pulmonary and cardiovascular effects. In clinical trials, 2 was found to exhibit a pharmacokinetic half-life ( T1/2) longer than that of 1, as well as a reduced formation of the phosphate metabolite that is required for activity against S1P1. Herein, we describe our efforts to discover highly potent, partial agonists of S1P1 with a shorter T1/2 and increased in vivo phosphate metabolite formation. These efforts culminated in the discovery of BMS-986166 (14a), which was advanced to human clinical evaluation. The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship as well as pulmonary and cardiovascular safety assessments are discussed. Furthermore, efficacy of 14a in multiple preclinical models of autoimmune diseases are presented.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Receptores de Esfingosina-1-Fosfato/agonistas , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/farmacologia , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Naftalenos/química , Naftalenos/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/química , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/farmacocinética
16.
J Immunol ; 202(1): 79-92, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478092

RESUMO

The role of retinoid-related orphan receptor γ t (RORγt) in Th17 cell differentiation has been well established; however, how it regulates other T cell lineages is still not clearly understood. In this study, we report that in mice, while promoting Th17 cell differentiation, RORγt inhibited IL-10 production by T cells, thereby preserving the pathogenicity of Th17 cells. Treatment with RORγt-specific inhibitor suppressed Th17 cell signature cytokines, but promoted IL-10 production. RORγt inhibitor-treated Th17 cells induce less severe colitis compared with control Th17 cells. Mechanistically, the RORγt inhibitor induced T cell expression of Blimp-1 (encoded by Prdm1). Prdm1-/- T cells produced significantly fewer IL-10 when treated with RORγt inhibitor compared with wild-type T cells. Furthermore, RORγt inhibitor-treated Prdm1-/- Th17 cells induce more severe colitis compared with RORγt inhibitor-treated wild-type Th17 cells. Collectively, our studies reveal a novel mechanism by which RORγt drives and maintains pathogenic Th17 cell development by inhibiting IL-10 production.


Assuntos
Colite/imunologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Intestinos/imunologia , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo , Células Th17/imunologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem da Célula , Células Cultivadas , Repressão Epigenética , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Fator 1 de Ligação ao Domínio I Regulador Positivo/genética
17.
J Org Chem ; 83(5): 3000-3012, 2018 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29420898

RESUMO

An improved, one-pot Minisci reaction has been developed using visible light, an organic photocatalyst, and carboxylic acids as radical precursors via the intermediacy of in situ-generated N-(acyloxy)phthalimides. The conditions employed are mild, demonstrate a high degree of functional group tolerance, and do not require a large excess of the carboxylic acid reactant. As a result, this reaction can be applied to drug-like scaffolds and molecules with sensitive functional groups, enabling late-stage functionalization, which is of high interest to medicinal chemistry.

18.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(2): 85-93, 2018 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233651

RESUMO

We disclose the optimization of a high throughput screening hit to yield benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamides as potent RORγt inverse agonists. However, a majority of these compounds showed potent activity against pregnane X receptor (PXR) and modest activity against liver X receptor α (LXRα). Structure-based drug design (SBDD) led to the identification of benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide analogs which completely dialed out LXRα activity and were less potent at PXR. Pharmacodynamic (PD) data for compound 35 in an IL-23 induced IL-17 mouse model is discussed along with the implications of a high Ymax in the PXR assay for long term preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) studies.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Propanóis/farmacologia , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/agonistas , Receptores de Esteroides/agonistas , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado/agonistas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Receptor de Pregnano X , Propanóis/síntese química , Propanóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
19.
Org Lett ; 20(2): 337-340, 2018 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29283585

RESUMO

The purpose of this letter is to document the use of protected chloroethyl and chloropropyl amines as conformationally unrestricted ambiphilic reagents that undergo annulation reactions with Michael acceptors. This reaction is wide in scope and utilizes reagents that are commercially available, inexpensive, and stable. Furthermore, this reaction is easy to execute and proceeds rapidly.

20.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 27(4): 855-861, 2017 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28108251

RESUMO

As demonstrated in preclinical animal models, the disruption of PI3Kδ expression or its activity leads to a decrease in inflammatory and immune responses. Therefore, inhibition of PI3Kδ may provide an alternative treatment for autoimmune diseases, such as RA, SLE, and respiratory ailments. Herein, we disclose the identification of 7-(3-(piperazin-1-yl)phenyl)pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-4-amine derivatives as highly potent, selective and orally bioavailable PI3Kδ inhibitors. The lead compound demonstrated efficacy in an in vivo mouse KLH model.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Inibidores de Fosfoinositídeo-3 Quinase , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Aminas/metabolismo , Aminas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Sítios de Ligação , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Piperazina , Piperazinas/química , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/química
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