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Int Emerg Nurs ; 54: 100941, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341462


BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) are considered a high-risk environment because of the high frequency of adverse events that occur within. Measuring patient safety culture is an important step that assists healthcare facilities in planning actions to improve the quality of care provided to patients. This study aims to assess patient safety culture within EDs and to determine its associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted among professionals from all the EDs of public and private healthcare institutions in Tunisia. It spread from June to September 2017. We used the validated French version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. RESULTS: In total, 11 EDs were included in the study, with 442 participants and a participation rate of 80.35%. All the ten dimensions of patient safety culture were in need of improvement. 'Teamwork within units' scored the highest with 46%, however, the lowest score was attributed to 'the frequency of adverse events reporting' (19.6%). Several factors have been found significantly related to safety culture. Private EDs have shown significantly higher scores regarding nine patient safety culture dimensions. CONCLUSION: This study showed a concerning perception held by participants about the lack of a patient safety culture in their EDs. Also, it provided baseline results giving a clearer vision of the aspects of safety that need improvement.

Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Gestão da Segurança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 38(2): 91-93, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106684


Takayasu arteritis is an uncommon inflammatory disease with usually a good prognosis. However, sometimes, the evolution can be fatal essentially by a coronary arteries involvement. We present a case of a 19-year-old woman who died suddenly from cardiogenic shock complicating an unknown Takayasu arteritis.At the autopsy, the aorta showed a significant thickening of the wall. The coronary arteries were slightly thickened and did not show any occlusion. Microscopic examination of the aorta showed an abundant granulomatous and a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. Microscopic sections of other internal organs showed signs of cardiac hypertrophy and an extensive edema of the lung. Death was attributed to acute heart failure complicating a supravalvular aortic stenosis secondary to unknown Takayasu arteritis.Takayasu arteritis can be life-threatening by an occlusion of the ascending aorta and its major branches, without any coronary arteries involvement.

Estenose Aórtica Subvalvar/patologia , Morte Súbita/etiologia , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Estenose Aórtica Subvalvar/complicações , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Edema Pulmonar/patologia , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem