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Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299284


Forkhead box E1 (FOXE1) is a lineage-restricted transcription factor involved in thyroid cancer susceptibility. Cancer-associated polymorphisms map in regulatory regions, thus affecting the extent of gene expression. We have recently shown that genetic reduction of FOXE1 dosage modifies multiple thyroid cancer phenotypes. To identify relevant effectors playing roles in thyroid cancer development, here we analyse FOXE1-induced transcriptional alterations in thyroid cells that do not express endogenous FOXE1. Expression of FOXE1 elicits cell migration, while transcriptome analysis reveals that several immune cells-related categories are highly enriched in differentially expressed genes, including several upregulated chemokines involved in macrophage recruitment. Accordingly, FOXE1-expressing cells induce chemotaxis of co-cultured monocytes. We then asked if FOXE1 was able to regulate macrophage infiltration in thyroid cancers in vivo by using a mouse model of cancer, either wild type or with only one functional FOXE1 allele. Expression of the same set of chemokines directly correlates with FOXE1 dosage, and pro-tumourigenic M2 macrophage infiltration is decreased in tumours with reduced FOXE1. These data establish a novel link between FOXE1 and macrophages recruitment in the thyroid cancer microenvironment, highlighting an unsuspected function of this gene in the crosstalk between neoplastic and immune cells that shape tumour development and progression.

Quimiotaxia/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Macrófagos/patologia , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/biossíntese , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Macrófagos/citologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos F344 , Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(1)2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33375029


The transcription factor Forkhead box E1 (FOXE1) is a key player in thyroid development and function and has been identified by genome-wide association studies as a susceptibility gene for papillary thyroid cancer. Several cancer-associated polymorphisms fall into gene regulatory regions and are likely to affect FOXE1 expression levels. However, the possibility that changes in FOXE1 expression modulate thyroid cancer development has not been investigated. Here, we describe the effects of FOXE1 gene dosage reduction on cancer phenotype in vivo. Mice heterozygous for FOXE1 null allele (FOXE1+/-) were crossed with a BRAFV600E-inducible cancer model to develop thyroid cancer in either a FOXE1+/+ or FOXE1+/- genetic background. In FOXE1+/+ mice, cancer histological features are quite similar to that of human high-grade papillary thyroid carcinomas, while cancers developed with reduced FOXE1 gene dosage maintain morphological features resembling less malignant thyroid cancers, showing reduced proliferation index and increased apoptosis as well. Such cancers, however, appear severely undifferentiated, indicating that FOXE1 levels affect thyroid differentiation during neoplastic transformation. These results show that FOXE1 dosage exerts pleiotropic effects on thyroid cancer phenotype by affecting histology and regulating key markers of tumor differentiation and progression, thus suggesting the possibility that FOXE1 could behave as lineage-specific oncogene in follicular cell-derived thyroid cancer.

Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Pleiotropia Genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/metabolismo , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo
Cell Death Dis ; 10(10): 747, 2019 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582725


The serine-threonine kinase homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2) modulates important cellular functions during development, acting as a signal integrator of a wide variety of stress signals, and as a regulator of transcription factors and cofactors. We have previously demonstrated that HIPK2 binds and phosphorylates High-Mobility Group A1 (HMGA1), an architectural chromatinic protein ubiquitously expressed in embryonic tissues, decreasing its binding affinity to DNA. To better define the functional role of HIPK2 and HMGA1 interaction in vivo, we generated mice in which both genes are disrupted. About 50% of these Hmga1/Hipk2 double knock-out (DKO) mice die within 12 h of life (P1) for respiratory failure. The DKO mice present an altered lung morphology, likely owing to a drastic reduction in the expression of surfactant proteins, that are required for lung development. Consistently, we report that both HMGA1 and HIPK2 proteins positively regulate the transcriptional activity of the genes encoding the surfactant proteins. Moreover, these mice display an altered expression of thyroid differentiation markers, reasonably because of a drastic reduction in the expression of the thyroid-specific transcription factors PAX8 and FOXE1, which we demonstrate here to be positively regulated by HMGA1 and HIPK2. Therefore, these data indicate a critical role of HIPK2/HMGA1 cooperation in lung and thyroid development and function, suggesting the potential involvement of their impairment in the pathogenesis of human lung and thyroid diseases.

Proteína HMGA1a/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Doenças Respiratórias/genética , Glândula Tireoide/anormalidades , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Deleção de Genes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteína HMGA1a/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas a Surfactantes Pulmonares , Doenças Respiratórias/patologia , Glândula Tireoide/embriologia , Glândula Tireoide/patologia
Int J Genomics ; 2017: 9769171, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29082235


lncRNAs are acquiring increasing relevance as regulators in a wide spectrum of biological processes. The extreme heterogeneity in the mechanisms of action of these molecules, however, makes them very difficult to study, especially regarding their molecular function. A novel lncRNA has been recently identified as the most enriched transcript in mouse developing thyroid. Due to its genomic localization antisense to the protein-encoding Klhl14 gene, we named it Klhl14-AS. In this paper, we highlight that mouse Klhl14-AS produces at least five splicing variants, some of which have not been previously described. Klhl14-AS is expressed with a peculiar pattern, characterized by diverse relative abundance of its isoforms in different mouse tissues. We examine the whole expression level of Klhl14-AS in a panel of adult mouse tissues, showing that it is expressed in the thyroid, lung, kidney, testis, ovary, brain, and spleen, although at different levels. In situ hybridization analysis reveals that, in the context of each organ, Klhl14-AS shows a cell type-specific expression. Interestingly, databases report a similar expression profile for human Klhl14-AS. Our observations suggest that this lncRNA could play cell type-specific roles in several organs and pave the way for functional characterization of this gene in appropriate biological contexts.