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1.
Health Care Women Int ; : 1-15, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030977

RESUMO

Rapid dissemination of mobile technology provides substantial opportunity for overcoming challenges reaching rural and marginalized populations. We assessed feasibility and acceptability of longitudinal mobile data capture among women undergoing fistula surgery in Uganda (n = 60) in 2014-2015. Participants were followed for 12 months following surgery, with data captured quarterly, followed by interviews at 12 months. Participant retention was high (97%). Most respondents reported no difficulty with mobile data capture (range 93%-100%), and preferred mobile interview (88%-100%). Mobile data capture saved 1000 person-hours of transit and organizational time. Phone-based mobile data collection provided social support. Our results support this method for longitudinal studies among geographically and socially marginalized populations.

2.
Cult Health Sex ; 22(9): 971-986, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423901

RESUMO

Marriage is a point of change in young people's lives, especially in parts of the world that place high value on it, such as in South Asian countries including Nepal. However, marriage practices are changing, with a move towards more love marriage; this is likely to have important implications on women's status and agency, household and couple dynamics, and mental and physical health. The aim of this paper is to describe how changing marriage formation patterns and traditional practices such as co-residence and dowry are intersecting and impacting relationships post-marriage. In-depth qualitative interviews took place with 20 intact triads of newly married women, their husbands and their mothers-in-law, in one district of Nepal in 2017. Many marriages remain arranged; however, couples often talk or meet before marriage and feel that they are able to build a foundation of love before marrying. Access to technology facilitates this practice, although some couples are reluctant to admit their communication, suggesting stigma about this practice. Husbands have growing ambivalence about dowry, leading to confusion and negatively impacting on relationships post-marriage. A clash of traditional and modern ideas and practices is occurring in Nepal, influencing newly married women's household status and relationship quality, and potentially impacting women's health.

3.
Food Nutr Bull ; 37(2): 132-43, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27009090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal anemia continues to be a public health problem in India, despite existence of multipronged governmental programs to combat it. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the determinants of persistent anemia in poor pregnant women in an urban population in Chandigarh, India. METHODS: A mixed method approach was used to examine the causes of maternal anemia. Three focus group discussions with pregnant women from different socioeconomic groups and 2 with female health workers were conducted to explore their perceptions and beliefs about maternal anemia and iron folic acid (IFA) tablets in urban settings in 2009. This was followed by interviews of 120 pregnant women about their nutrition knowledge and practices. Food frequency questionnaires were used to estimate daily consumption of nutrients. Finally, a follow-up survey in health clinics explored issues of stock-outs of IFA. RESULTS: Sixty-five percent of respondents had hemoglobin less than 11g/dL and were anemic. Only 35% respondents obtained free IFA through public health programs. While 53% of respondents knew that they should eat green leafy vegetables, only 8% reported daily consumption of these vegetables. Focus group discussions highlighted issues around lack of food, especially for slum women, and low decision-making power in the household. Stock-outs of IFA in facilities often pushed women to purchase IFA from chemist shops. CONCLUSIONS: Clear gaps emerged in pregnant women's knowledge and practice regarding diet and IFA tablet use. Lack of control over decision-making due to their low status of women was also hindering IFA use and healthy eating.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Pobreza , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Saúde da Mulher , Adulto Jovem
4.
Stud Fam Plann ; 45(4): 429-41, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25469928

RESUMO

Although the rate of contraceptive use in France is high, more than one-third of pregnancies are unintended. We built a dynamic microsimulation model that applies data from the French COCON study on method switching, discontinuation, and failure rates to a hypothetical population of 20,000 women, followed for five years. We use the model to estimate the adjustment factor needed to make the survey data fit the demographic profile of France by adjusting for underreporting of contraceptive nonuse and abortion. We then test three behavior-change scenarios that could reduce unintended pregnancies: decreasing method failure, increasing time using effective methods, and increasing switching from less effective to more effective methods. Our model suggests that decreasing method failure is the most effective means of reducing unintended pregnancies, but we found that all of the scenarios reduced unintended pregnancies by at least 25 percent. Dynamic microsimulations may have great potential in reproductive health research and prove useful for policymakers.


Assuntos
Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoncepção/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoncepcionais/uso terapêutico , Dispositivos Anticoncepcionais , Gravidez não Planejada/psicologia , Gravidez não Desejada/psicologia , Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Dispositivos Anticoncepcionais/classificação , Dispositivos Anticoncepcionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Demografia , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/métodos , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/organização & administração , Feminino , França , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento
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