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1.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 33: 102151, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346059

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of glycolic acid-based final irrigant for photosensitizer removal of photodynamic therapy on the microhardness and colour change of the dentin structure. METHODS: Eighty extracted single-rooted human incisors were used. Sample preparation and root split resulted in 160 samples, 80 samples being used for microhardness and 80 samples for colour change evaluation. In the first, PDT protocol was performed and 80 samples were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 20), according to the final irrigation protocol: distilled water (DW); 17 % ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); QMix; 17 % glycolic acid (GA). Microhardness was evaluated using the Vicker tester, before and after, PDT and final irrigation protocols, calculating the percentage of microhardness reduction. In the second evaluation, PDT and final irrigation protocols were performed in the same way. Colour change was evaluated using digital spectrophotometer before and after these protocols, calculating the ΔE colour change using the CIELAB system (L*a*b* values). Specific statistical analysis was performed for both evaluations (α = 5%). RESULTS: The highest percentage of microhardness reduction was observed in 17 % EDTA, QMix and 17 % GA groups, with no significant difference among them (p > 0.05). Furthermore, none of these protocols was effective in photosensitizer removal, and all final irrigation protocols were statically similar to control group (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: GA promotes microhardness reduction and also contributes to the colourization of dentin structure during the photosensitizer removal process, followingPDT .

2.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 29: 101625, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866534

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial action of calcium hypochlorite(Ca[OCl]2) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with reciprocating instrumentation and photodynamic therapy(PDT), and its influence on root dentin structure. METHODS: One hundred and ten human teeth were used to antimicrobial evaluation, inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis and divided into 11 groups (n = 10): G1 - distilled water(control); G2-1 % NaOCl; G3-5.25 % NaOCl; G4-1 % Ca(OCl)2; G5-5.25 % Ca(OCl)2; G6-PDT; G7-distilled water + PDT; G8-1 % NaOCl + PDT; G9-5.25 % NaOCl + PDT; G10-1 % Ca(OCl)2+PDT; G11-5.25 % Ca(OCl)2+PDT. In all groups, except G6, the root canals were instrumented with #R50 Reciproc file in the working length in association with tested chemical auxiliary substance. The counting of colony forming units (CFUs) was performed to calculate the bacterial percentage reduction of each group. Following, 55 bovine teeth were used to microhardness evaluation and divided into the same 11 groups (n = 5), with no instrumentation and immersion in the tested protocols. The modification of root dentin microhardness was evaluated by using the Vicker tester. Finally, 33 bovine teeth were used to organic components evaluation and divided into the same 11 groups (n = 3), with no instrumentation and immersion in the tested protocols. The modification of organic components of root dentin was evaluated by light microscopy. Specific statistical analysis was performed for each evaluation. RESULTS: The higher bacterial reduction was observed in groups 3,4,5,8,9,10 and 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). The higher microhardness reduction was observed in groups 8,9,10 e 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). The highest modification on organic components was observed in groups 3,5,9 and 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The association of Ca(OCl)2, reciprocating instrumentation and PDT promotes effective antimicrobial action. Moreover, lower modification was induced in microhardness and organic components of root dentin, by using Ca(OCl)2 in low concentration associated to PDT.

3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 137-141, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of final irrigation protocols and endodontic sealer on bond strength of root filling material on root dentin previously treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred root canals were prepared up to #F3 file of Pro-Taper system to receive the root filling material. All samples were submitted to PDT and randomly divided into five groups (n = 20) according to final irrigation protocols: Group 1-distilled water + ultrasonic activation (US); Group 2-17% EDTA; Group 3-QMix; Group 4-17% EDTA + US; Group 5-QMix + US. Each group was randomly divided into two subgroups (n = 10), according to the endodontic sealer used for cementation of gutta-percha points: AH Plus or MTA Fillapex. The bond strength was evaluated by a push-out test. The patterns of failure were observed under optical microscopy. The bond strength was evaluated using a two-way Anova followed by the Tukey post-hoc test, and the failure mode was evaluated using the chi-square test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The use of 17% EDTA and QMix associated or not to US improved the bond strength of root filling material with either endodontic sealer (p < 0.05). AH Plus showed higher bond strength than MTA Fillapex (p < 0.05). There was a higher predominance of cohesive failure in all groups, regardless of the tested final irrigation protocols and endodontic sealer (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of 17% EDTA and QMix, regardless of association with US, and the use of AH Plus improve the bond strength of the root filling material on root dentin previously treated with PDT.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Biguanidas/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Resinas Epóxi/farmacologia , Guta-Percha/farmacologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Polímeros/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória
4.
Aust Endod J ; 45(2): 209-215, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30230647

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ultrasonic activation (US) over final irrigants on antimicrobial activity, smear layer removal and bond strength. The root canals of 180 extracted human teeth were distributed into three experimental tests (n = 60). In each test, the samples were subdivided into six groups (n = 10) according to final irrigation protocols: G1:distilled water (DW); G2:DW + US; G3:17% EDTA; G4:QMix; G5:17% EDTA + US; and G6:QMix + US. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by counting of colony-forming units (CFUs), the smear layer removal by scanning electron microscopy and the bond strength by push-out test. Statistical analysis was performed for each evaluation (α = 5%). Groups 4 and 6 provided higher bacterial reduction, groups 5 and 6 provided higher smear layer removal, groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 provided the higher bond strength (P < 0.05). US activation did not improve the antimicrobial activity and the bond strength, whereas it improved the smear layer removal.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Camada de Esfregaço , Cavidade Pulpar , Ácido Edético , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Ultrassom
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