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Arch Dermatol ; 145(10): 1131-6, 2009 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19841400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine factors related to residents' self-reported skill level for the skin cancer examination (SCE). DESIGN: Survey of residents in November 2003. SETTING: Four US residency programs. PARTICIPANTS: Medical residents in family medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, and internal medicine and specialists. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Proportion of residents reporting their current skill level for the performance of the SCE. RESULTS: Of 454 surveys distributed, 342 residents completed the survey (75.3% response rate). Clinical training for the SCE during residency was infrequent. During residency, 75.8% were never trained in the SCE, 55.3% never observed an SCE, and 57.4% never practiced the examination. Only 15.9% of residents reported being skilled in the SCE. However, the conduct of 4 SCEs (or slightly more than 1 per each year of residency) was associated with manifold increases in self-reported skill levels. CONCLUSIONS: Information now collected from 7 medical schools and 4 residency programs underscores the need for more supervised opportunities to enable physicians in training to perform an SCE during routine patient examinations.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Dermatologia/educação , Programas de Rastreamento/normas , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Currículo/normas , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/tendências , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Exame Físico/métodos , Exame Físico/normas , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Prevenção Primária/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
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