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2.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; : 118521, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394074

RESUMO

Myocardial interstitial fibrosis (MIF) is a common finding in heart failure (HF) patients, both with preserved and reduced ejection fraction, as well as in HF animal models. MIF is associated with impaired cardiac function and worse clinical outcome. The impact of MIF is influenced not only by the quantity but also by changes in the quality of collagen fibers and in the extracellular matrix components, such as a shift in collagen types proportion, increased fibronectin polymerization and increased degree of collagen cross-linking (CCL). In particular, CCL, a process that renders collagen fibers stiffer and more resistant to degradation, is increased both in patients and animal models of HF. Importantly, in HF patients increased cardiac CCL is directly associated with increased left ventricular stiffness and a higher risk of hospitalization for HF. The aim of this review is to address the complexity of MIF in HF, focusing on CCL.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221263, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425536

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We examined trends, characteristics and in-hospital outcomes in mechanical and bioprosthetic surgical mitral valve replacement (SMVR) among patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Spain from 2001 to 2015. We also identified factors associated with in-hospital mortality (IHM) in both groups of patients according to the implanted valve type. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database for patients aged 40 years or over. We selected admissions of patients whose medical procedures included SMVR. We grouped hospitalizations by COPD status. RESULTS: Over 43,024 patients identified, 83.63% underwent mechanical mitral valve replacement and 16.37% bioprosthetic valve (6.71% and 7.78% with COPD, respectively). The incidence of SMVR decreased for mechanical valves and increased for bioprosthetic valves over time in both groups of patients. The incidence of SMVR admissions was lower among COPD patients than in those without COPD, both for mechanical and bioprosthetic valves. IHM decreased significantly over time, regardless of the type of valve, in both groups of patients. COPD was associated with a significant increase in IHM, but only among patients who underwent bioprosthetic SMVR (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.01-1.73). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of mechanical SMVR decreased while that of bioprosthetic SMVR increased over time in both groups of patients. COPD patients were less surgically operated than non-COPD patients for both valve types. In COPD patients, bioprosthetic SMVR was proportionally more used than mechanical SMVR. Mortality decreased over time for both valve types in patients with and without COPD. COPD increased in-hospital mortality among patients undergoing a biological SMVR.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422140

RESUMO

Interstitial heart disease, whether primarily from myocardial fibrosis or cardiac amyloidosis, indicates excess protein accumulation in the interstitium and constitutes a major source of heart failure with excess cardiac morbidity and mortality. Myocardial fibrosis (defined as excess myocardial collagen concentration that distorts myocardial architecture) is prevalent and causes cardiac symptoms and ultimately adverse cardiac events, such as heart failure, arrhythmia, and death. Conversely, cardiac amyloidosis is far less prevalent than myocardial fibrosis but represents a more extreme form of interstitial heart disease with marked interstitial expansion, profound architectural distortion, and then rapid clinical decline. Myocardial extracellular volume measures fundamentally advance the understanding of myocardium and specifically highlights the role of the interstitium. Rather than conceptualizing myocardium as a homogenous tissue, dichotomizing the myocardium into its interstitial (including the microvasculature) and cardiomyocyte phenotypes promotes additional understanding of heart failure pathophysiology that may spur the development of more effective therapies.

5.
BMJ ; 366: l4416, 2019 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between experience in the management of acute pulmonary embolism, reflected by hospital case volume, and mortality. DESIGN: Multinational population based cohort study using data from the Registro Informatizado de la Enfermedad TromboEmbólica (RIETE) registry between 1 January 2001 and 31 August 2018. SETTING: 353 hospitals in 16 countries. PARTICIPANTS: 39 257 consecutive patients with confirmed diagnosis of acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Pulmonary embolism related mortality within 30 days after diagnosis of the condition. RESULTS: Patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism admitted to high volume hospitals (>40 pulmonary embolisms per year) had a higher burden of comorbidities. A significant inverse association was seen between annual hospital volume and pulmonary embolism related mortality. Admission to hospitals in the highest quarter (that is, >40 pulmonary embolisms per year) was associated with a 44% reduction in the adjusted odds of pulmonary embolism related mortality at 30 days compared with admission to hospitals in the lowest quarter (<15 pulmonary embolisms per year; adjusted risk 1.3% v 2.3%; adjusted odds ratio 0.56 (95% confidence interval 0.33 to 0.95); P=0.03). Results were consistent in all sensitivity analyses. All cause mortality at 30 days was not significantly reduced between the two quarters (adjusted odds ratio 0.78 (0.50 to 1.22); P=0.28). Survivors showed little change in the odds of recurrent venous thromboembolism (odds ratio 0.76 (0.49 to 1.19)) or major bleeding (1.07 (0.77 to 1.47)) between the low and high volume hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism, admission to high volume hospitals was associated with significant reductions in adjusted pulmonary embolism related mortality at 30 days. These findings could have implications for management strategies.


Assuntos
Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1866(9): 1421-1432, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181222

RESUMO

Myocardial interstitial fibrosis (MIF) is a common finding in heart failure (HF) patients, both with preserved and reduced ejection fraction, as well as in HF animal models. MIF is associated with impaired cardiac function and worse clinical outcome. The impact of MIF is influenced not only by the quantity but also by changes in the quality of collagen fibers and in the extracellular matrix components, such as a shift in collagen types proportion, increased fibronectin polymerization and increased degree of collagen cross-linking (CCL). In particular, CCL, a process that renders collagen fibers stiffer and more resistant to degradation, is increased both in patients and animal models of HF. Importantly, in HF patients increased cardiac CCL is directly associated with increased left ventricular stiffness and a higher risk of hospitalization for HF. The aim of this review is to address the complexity of MIF in HF, focusing on CCL.

8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(13)2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247966

RESUMO

Industry 4.0 leaders solve problems all of the time. Successful problem-solving behavioral pattern choice determines organizational and personal success, therefore a proper understanding of the problem-solving-related neurological dynamics is sure to help increase business performance. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: first, to discover relevant neurological characteristics of problem-solving behavioral patterns, and second, to conduct a characterization of two problem-solving behavioral patterns with the aid of deep-learning architectures. This is done by combining electroencephalographic non-invasive sensors that capture process owners' brain activity signals and a deep-learning soft sensor that performs an accurate characterization of such signals with an accuracy rate of over 99% in the presented case-study dataset. As a result, the deep-learning characterization of lean management (LM) problem-solving behavioral patterns is expected to help Industry 4.0 leaders in their choice of adequate manufacturing systems and their related problem-solving methods in their future pursuit of strategic organizational goals.

10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 60, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main aims of this study were to examine the incidence and in-hospital outcomes of mechanical and bioprosthetic surgical mitral valve replacement (SMVR) among patients with and without T2DM. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database from 2001 to 2015. We included patients with SMVR codified in their discharge report. We grouped admissions by diabetes status. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to compare outcomes of isolated SMVR. RESULTS: We identified 42,937 patients (16.41% with T2DM). Incidence rates of mechanical and bioprosthetic SMVR were higher among T2DM patients than among non-T2DM patients. In both groups of patients, the use of bioprosthetic SMVR increased over time. The use of mechanical valves remained stable among T2DM patients. In T2DM and non-T2DM patients with mechanical SMVR, in hospital mortality (IHM) and MACCE decreased significantly (p < 0.001) from 2001 to 2015. T2DM patients had an overall 11.37% IHM, compared with 10.76% among non-T2DM patients (p = 0.176). Regarding MACCE figures were 14.72% vs. 14.22% (p = 0.320) after mechanical SMVR. Total crude IHM were 14.29% for T2DM patients and 15.13% for those without T2DM with bioprosthetic SMVR (p = 0.165) and 18.22 vs. 19.64%, for a MACCE (p = 0.185). Using PSM we found that the IHM and the MACCE of isolated SMVR did not differ significantly between patients with or without T2DM beside the type of valve replacement. Among T2DM patients, those who received bioprosthetic valves had higher IHM (14.29% vs. 11.37%; p = 0.003) and a higher rate of MACCE (18.22% vs. 14.72%; p = 0.001) than T2DM patients with mechanical SMVR. CONCLUSIONS: In Spain from 2001 to 2015, the incidence rates of hospitalization to undergo mechanical or bioprosthetic SMVR were higher among the population suffering T2DM than among the non-T2DM population. In both groups of patients the use of bioprosthetic SMVR increased over time and the use of mechanical valves remained stable in T2DM. T2DM patients have IHM and MACCE after mechanical and bioprosthetic SMVR which are not significantly different to those found among non-diabetic patients. Among T2DM patients, the crude IHM was significantly higher in those who received a bioprosthetic SMVR than those with mechanical SMVR.

11.
Phys Rev E ; 99(4-1): 043105, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31108712

RESUMO

We study the contact-angle hysteresis and morphology changes of a liquid drop sitting on a solid substrate inclined with respect to the horizontal at an angle α. This one is always smaller than the critical angle, α_{crit}, above which the drop would start to slide down. The hysteresis cycle is performed for positive and negative α's (|α|<α_{crit}), and a complete study of the changes in contact angles, free surface, and footprint shape is carried out. The drop shape is analyzed in terms of a solution of the equilibrium pressure equation within the long-wave model (lubrication approximation). We obtain a truncated analytical solution describing the static drop shapes that is successfully compared with experimental data. This solution is of practical interest since it allows for a complete description of all the drop features, such as its footprint shape or contact angle distribution around the drop periphery, starting from a very small set of relatively easy to measure drop parameters.

12.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217143, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120946

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aim to assess if air pollution levels and climatological factors are associated with hospital admissions for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Spain from 2004 to 2013. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study. Information on pollution level and climatological factors were obtained from the Spanish Meteorological Agency and hospitalizations from the Spanish hospital discharge database. A case-crossover design was used to identify factors associated with hospitalizations and in hospital mortality. Postal codes were used to assign climatic and pollutant factors to each patient. RESULTS: We detected 162,338 hospital admissions for COPD exacerbation. When seasonal effects were evaluated we observed that hospital admissions and mortality were more frequent in autumn and winter. In addition, we found significant associations of temperature, humidity, ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter up to 10 µm in size (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) with hospital admissions. Lower temperatures at admission with COPD exacerbation versus 1, 1.5, 2 and 3 weeks prior to hospital admission for COPD exacerbation, were associated with a higher probability of dying in the hospital. Other environmental factors that were related to in-hospital mortality were NO2, O3, PM10 and CO. CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiology of hospital admissions by COPD exacerbation was negatively affected by colder climatological factors (seasonality and absolute temperature) and short-term exposure to major air pollution (NO2, O3, CO and PM10).

13.
Clin Drug Investig ; 39(7): 653-664, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The implementation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) guidelines in the real-world setting remains low. Pulmonologists should participate in the new paradigms of chronicity of COPD, by providing their knowledge, expertise, innovation and research. The objective of this study was to survey pulmonologists on the adherence to COPD guidelines and to measure the change of attitude after holding meetings presenting the latest research on the subject. METHODS: Fifty questions on COPD management were sent to 150 pulmonologists. Using the AUDIT methodology, the responses were discussed at several face-to-face meetings, held in different autonomous communities of Spain. The same questionnaire was subsequently sent to the participants and changes in their responses were analysed. RESULTS: In total, 148 physicians (60.1% female) completed study. The main responses were: (1) 16.2% diagnose following clinical criteria; (2) 78.4% performed diagnostic tests other than spirometry; (3) 73.6% always determined alpha-1 antitrypsin levels (81.8% in the second questionnaire, p < 0.05); (4) 73% determined the patient's phenotype; (5) 42% always asked about passive exposure to cigarette smoke (55% after the meetings, p < 0.05); (6) 58.1% always asked about exposure to other pollutants or biomass; (7) 29.1% always assessed inhalational technique; (8) dual bronchodilators were the most common treatment (49.3%) used for patients with frequent exacerbator phenotype, glycopyrronium + indacaterol being the preferred option (44.1%); (9) 41.2% discontinued inhaled corticosteroids treatment (54.7% in the second questionnaire, p < 0.05); (10) for exacerbation admissions, 52% replaced maintenance bronchodilators with short-acting agents and introduced early background treatment (58.8% in the second round, p < 0.05). Few variations occurred in the participants' answers after the meetings. CONCLUSIONS: The adherence of pulmonologists to clinical practice recommendations for COPD management is suboptimal. As well as face-to-face meetings, more intensive interventions are required to raise awareness on the importance of improving compliance with clinical guidelines.

14.
Circ Heart Fail ; 12(5): e005897, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104495

RESUMO

Background Identifying the mechanistic pathways potentially associated with incident heart failure (HF) may provide a basis for novel preventive strategies. Methods and Results To identify proteomic biomarkers and the potential underlying mechanistic pathways that may be associated with incident HF defined as the first hospitalization for HF, a nested-matched case-control design was used with cases (incident HF) and controls (without HF) selected from 3 cohorts (>20 000 individuals). Controls were matched on cohort, follow-up time, age, and sex. Two independent sample sets (a discovery set with 286 cases and 591 controls and a replication set with 276 cases and 280 controls) were used to discover and replicate the findings. Two hundred fifty-two circulating proteins in the plasma were studied. Adjusting for the matching variables age, sex, and follow-up time (and correcting for multiplicity of tests), 89 proteins were found to be associated with incident HF in the discovery phase, of which 38 were also associated with incident HF in the replication phase. These 38 proteins pointed to 4 main network clusters underlying incident HF: (1) inflammation and apoptosis, indicated by the expression of the TNF (tumor necrosis factor)-family members; (2) extracellular matrix remodeling, angiogenesis and growth, indicated by the expression of proteins associated with collagen metabolism, endothelial function, and vascular homeostasis; (3) blood pressure regulation, indicated by the expression of natriuretic peptides and proteins related to the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system; and (4) metabolism, associated with cholesterol and atherosclerosis. Conclusions Clusters of biomarkers associated with mechanistic pathways leading to HF were identified linking inflammation, apoptosis, vascular function, matrix remodeling, blood pressure control, and metabolism. These findings provide important insight on the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to HF. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT02556450.

15.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension, obesity and diabetes are major and potentially modifiable "risk factors" for cardiovascular diseases. Identification of biomarkers specific to these risk factors may help understanding the underlying pathophysiological pathways, and developing individual treatment. METHODS: The FIBRO-TARGETS (targeting cardiac fibrosis for heart failure treatment) consortium has merged data from 12 patient cohorts in 1 common database of > 12,000 patients. Three mutually exclusive main phenotypic groups were identified ("cases"): (1) "hypertensive"; (2) "obese"; and (3) "diabetic"; age-sex matched in a 1:2 proportion with "healthy controls" without any of these phenotypes. Proteomic associations were studied using a biostatistical method based on LASSO and confronted with machine-learning and complex network approaches. RESULTS: The case:control distribution by each cardiovascular phenotype was hypertension (50:100), obesity (50:98), and diabetes (36:72). Of the 86 studied proteins, 4 were found to be independently associated with hypertension: GDF-15, LEP, SORT-1 and FABP-2; 3 with obesity: CEACAM-8, LEP and PRELP; and 4 with diabetes: GDF-15, REN, CXCL-1 and SCF. GDF-15 (hypertension + diabetes) and LEP (hypertension + obesity) are shared by 2 different phenotypes. A machine-learning approach confirmed GDF-15, LEP and SORT-1 as discriminant biomarkers for the hypertension group, and LEP plus PRELP for the obesity group. Complex network analyses provided insight on the mechanisms underlying these disease phenotypes where fibrosis may play a central role. CONCLUSION: Patients with "mutually exclusive" phenotypes display distinct bioprofiles that might underpin different biological pathways, potentially leading to fibrosis. Plasma protein biomarkers and their association with mutually exclusive cardiovascular phenotypes: the FIBRO-TARGETS case-control analyses. Patients with "mutually exclusive" phenotypes (blue: obesity, hypertension and diabetes) display distinct protein bioprofiles (green: decreased expression; red: increased expression) that might underpin different biological pathways (orange arrow), potentially leading to fibrosis.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(18): e15518, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045844

RESUMO

To examine trends in the incidence, characteristics and outcomes, and to identify factors associated with in-hospital mortality (IHM) of patients hospitalized for primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) in Spain (2004-2015).We included all patients hospitalized with PPH and included in the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database.We analyzed 46,883 discharges of patients (7.14% with PPH as their primary diagnosis). Incidence rates decreased from 6.15 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004-06 to 3.40 in 2013-15 (P < .001). Mean age rose from 66.43 ±â€Š21.28 to 69.73 ±â€Š21.12 years (P < .001) and the proportion of females increased over the study period (58.44% vs 60.71%; P < .001). Comorbidity using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) also increased with 16.07% having CCI ≥3 in 2004-06 vs 21.795 in 2013-15. Median length of hospital stay (LOHS) was 1 day longer in period 2004-06, than in 2013-15 (9 vs 8 days; P < .001). The proportion of patients who were considered a readmission and the mean costs increased from 15.7% and 3712.46&OV0556; in the first period to 17.14% and 4040.28&OV0556; in 2013-15 (P < .001). IHM increased from 8.2% in 2004-06 to 9.93% in 2013-15 (P < .001). The predictors' of IHM among PPH patients included comorbidity and use of mechanical ventilation. Primary diagnosis of PPH did not predict higher IHM (OR 1.07; 95%CI 09-1.26).Our data indicates that the incidence of hospitalizations decreased in Spain between 2004 and 2015. Parallel, LOHS also decreased during this period. By contrast, comorbidity increased over time in PPH patients, as well as readmission rates, costs and IHM.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar Primária Familiar/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Alta do Paciente/tendências , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia
17.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(8): 1231-1240, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077505

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ultrahigh-density-voltage mapping (uHDV M) is a new tool that can add new insights into the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of uHDV M in predicting postablation AF recurrence (AFR). METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 98 consecutive patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation for AF (40.8% persistent) using an uHDV M system and followed for 1 year. The left atrium (LA) mean voltage (Vm ) and the Vslope (slope of the voltage histogram calculated by linear interpolation, with the relative frequency on the vertical axis and the bipolar potential on the horizontal axis) were calculated from 12 567 ± 5486 points per map. Patients with AFR (N = 29) had lower Vm and higher Vslope as compared with patients without AFR (N = 69). Receiver operating characteristic curves identified Vm as the strongest predictor of AFR, with a higher incidence of AFR in patients with Vm 0.758 mV (57.6%) or lower than patients with Vm higher than 0.758 mV (15.4%; P < .0001). Among patients with Vm  higher than 0.758 mV, patients with Vslope 0.637 or higher exhibited higher (P = .043) AFR incidence (31.3%) than patients with Vslope lower than 0.637 (10.2%). This classification showed incremental predictive value over relevant covariables. Vm values were lower and Vslope values were higher in patients that progressed from paroxysmal to persistent AF. Patients with Vslope 0.637 or higher had a 14.2% incidence of postablation atypical atrial flutter, whereas patients with Vslope lower than 0.637 did not present this outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of AFR, atrial flutter, and progression from paroxysmal to persistent AF can be detected by quantitative analysis of LA uHDV M identifying diverse patterns of atrial substrate alterations.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(21): e15779, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124970

RESUMO

To assess characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) and to analyze patient's comorbidities, procedures, and in-hospital outcomes.We identified patients hospitalized with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and others ILD such as hypersensitivity pneumonitis, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and sarcoidosis in Spain during 2014 and 2015.We identified 14,565 discharges among patients admitted for ILD in Spain during the study period: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in 42.32% (n = 6164), sarcoidosis in 37.65% (n = 5484), hypersensitivity pneumonitis in 10.55% (n = 1538), cryptogenic organizing pneumonia in 7.06% (n = 1028), pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis in 1.48% (n = 215), and lymphangioleiomyomatosis in 0.94% (n = 136). The most common associated comorbidities according to those included in the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) were COPD, diabetes, and congestive heart disease. The presence of pulmonary hypertension increased the probability of dying in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (OR 1.36; 95%CI 1.06-1.73). Patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia had the longest length of hospital stay and the highest percentage of hospital readmissions (23.64%). The highest IHM corresponded to the idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (14.94%). Computed tomography of the chest was the procedure more used during admissions for ILD.IPF was responsible for larger percentage of hospital admission among ILD in our study. In addition, the IHM were higher in IPF patients in comparison with those with other ILD. The most common associated comorbidity in ILD according to those included in the CCI was COPD. Computed tomography of the chest was the procedure more frequently used.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/diagnóstico por imagem , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/epidemiologia , Criança , Comorbidade , Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico por imagem , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoidose/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(14): 1795-1806, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30975297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt) is activated when misfolded proteins accumulate within mitochondria and leads to increased expression of mitochondrial chaperones and proteases to maintain protein quality and mitochondrial function. Cardiac mitochondria are essential for contractile function and regulation of cell viability, while mitochondrial dysfunction characterizes heart failure. The role of the UPRmt in the heart is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: 1) identify conditions that activate the UPRmt in the heart; and 2) study the relationship among the UPRmt, mitochondrial function, and cardiac contractile function. METHODS: Cultured cardiac myocytes were subjected to different stresses in vitro. Mice were subjected to chronic pressure overload. Tissues and blood biomarkers were studied in patients with aortic stenosis. RESULTS: Diverse neurohumoral or mitochondrial stresses transiently induced the UPRmt in cultured cardiomyocytes. The UPRmt was also induced in the hearts of mice subjected to chronic hemodynamic overload. Boosting the UPRmt with nicotinamide riboside (which augments NAD+ pools) in cardiomyocytes in vitro or hearts in vivo significantly mitigated the reductions in mitochondrial oxygen consumption induced by these stresses. In mice subjected to pressure overload, nicotinamide riboside reduced cardiomyocyte death and contractile dysfunction. Myocardial tissue from patients with aortic stenosis also showed evidence of UPRmt activation, which correlated with reduced tissue cardiomyocyte death and fibrosis and lower plasma levels of biomarkers of cardiac damage (high-sensitivity troponin T) and dysfunction (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide). CONCLUSIONS: These results identify the induction of the UPRmt in the mammalian (including human) heart exposed to pathological stresses. Enhancement of the UPRmt ameliorates mitochondrial and contractile dysfunction, suggesting that it may serve an important protective role in the stressed heart.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and conventional surgery (SAVR) among hospitalized patients with and without COPD, to compare the in-hospital mortality (IHM), length of hospital stay (LOHS) and cost between patients with COPD undergoing TAVI and SAVR and to identify factors associated to IHM among these patients. BACKGROUND: TAVI would be expected to be less invasive and safer than SAVR among COPD patients. METHODS: We analyzed patients whose medical procedures included TAVI and SAVR included in the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database, 2014-2015. We stratified analysis by COPD status. Propensity score matching (1:2) was performed to assess the outcomes of TAVI vs. SAVR among COPD patients. RESULTS: We identified 2,141 and 16,013 patients who underwent TAVI (27.60% with COPD) and SAVR (19.31% with COPD) respectively. For TAVI, we found no differences in IHM according to COPD status. Patients undergoing SAVR and suffering COPD had higher IHM than patients without COPD (adj.OR 1.32; 95%CI 1.10-1.58). After propensity score matching, IHM (8.35% vs. 5.83%, p = .040) and LOHS (18.62 days vs. 13.62; p < .001) were higher in COPD patients who underwent SAVR than those who underwent TAVI. CONCLUSIONS: COPD patients undergoing TAVI did not have a worse prognosis compared to non-COPD patients during hospitalization. However, for SAVR, patients with COPD had significantly higher mortality than patients without this condition. COPD patients who underwent SAVR had higher IHM and LOHS than propensity score matched TAVI patients.

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