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1.
Oncotarget ; 8(64): 108108-108117, 2017 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29296227

RESUMO

Interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a cytokine exhibiting antitumor characteristic similar to that of IL-2. However, in human tissues and cells, IL-15 expression and secretion is very limited, suggesting IL-15 functions mainly intracellularly. In the present study, we assessed the effects of transfecting NCI-H446 small cell lung cancer cells with genes encoding three IL-15 variants: prototypical IL-15, mature IL-15 peptide, and modified IL-15 in which the IL-2 signal peptide is substituted for the native signal peptide. NCI-H446 cells transfected with empty plasmid served as the control group. We found that IL-15 transfection effectively inhibited NCI-H446 cell proliferation and arrested cell cycle progression, with the modified IL-15 carrying the IL-2 signal peptide exerting the greatest effect. Consistent with those findings, expression each of the three IL-15 variants reduced growth of NCI-H446 xenograph tumors, and the modified IL-15 again showed the greatest effect. In addition, IL-15 expression led to down-regulation of the positive cell cycle regulators cyclin E and CDK2 and up-regulation of the negative cycle regulators p21 and Rb. These findings suggest IL-15 acts as a tumor suppressor that inhibits tumor cell proliferation by inducing cell cycle arrest.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23002540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To prepare HDAg with biological activities as a candidate of diagnostic reagent. METHODS: To synthesize HDV gene fragment after codon optimization. To construct a thio-fused recombinant plasmid based on M48 expression vector. To express in E. coli induced by IPTG. To purify the protein by affinity chromatography followed by characterization in ELISA: RESULTS: Plasmid construction was verified by enzyme digestion. SDS-PAGE indicated the molecular weight of the protein was the same as we expectation. ELISA proved its affinity with HDV antibodies. CONCLUSION: HDAg was obtained successfully and it will pave the road to the research of HDV diagnostic reagent.


Assuntos
Hepatite D/diagnóstico , Antígenos da Hepatite delta/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Antígenos da Hepatite delta/genética , Antígenos da Hepatite delta/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Plasmídeos , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23547452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of gene optimization on the expression and purification of HDV small antigen produced by genetic engineering. METHODS: Based on the colon preference of E. coli, the HDV small antigen original gene from GenBank was optimized. Both the original gene and the optimized gene expressed in prokaryotic cells, SDS-PAGE was made to analyze the protein expression yield and to decide which protein expression style was more proportion than the other. Furthermore, two antigens were purified by chromatography in order to compare the purity by SDS-PAGE and Image Lab software. RESULTS: SDS-PAGE indicated that the molecular weight of target proteins from two groups were the same as we expected. Gene optimization resulted in the higher yield and it could make the product more soluble. After chromatography, the purity of target protein from optimized gene was up to 96.3%, obviously purer than that from original gene. CONCLUSION: Gene optimization could increase the protein expression yield and solubility of genetic engineering HDV small antigen. In addition, the product from the optimized gene group was easier to be purified for diagnosis usage.


Assuntos
Engenharia Genética/métodos , Antígenos da Hepatite delta/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Hepatite D/diagnóstico , Antígenos da Hepatite delta/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23547464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the seroprevalence of hepatitis D virus in Foshan of Guangdong province, to provide the data for the study about it in China. METHODS: ELISA kits from two different companies were used for detecting anti-HDV IgG of all the serum samples, and then RT-PCR was carried out about the selected serum to ensure the results. All the serum samples were collected in 2011 in The First People's Hospital of Foshan. RESULTS: The results from two ELISA kits and RT-PCR were identical. Eight samples were positive. CONCLUSIONS: The seroprevalence rate of HDV in Foshan is higher than that in China. It has no statistically significant difference between female and male. Morever, the older with HBsAg are susceptible to HDV.


Assuntos
Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite D/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23627037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a novel improved loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique to detect hepatitis A virus (HAV). METHODS: A novel improved LAMP assay based on the addition of an acceleration primer was developed for hepatitis A virus nucleotide acid detection. RESULTS: Precision and reproducibility analysis proved its high stability and reliability. Comparison between the improved and conventional LAMP assays revealed that the former was more sensitive with a detection limit of 5 TCID50/ml. The novel detection method displayed 100% consistency with the TaqMan real-time PCR assay when applied to clinical specimens collected from patients with confirmed acute HAV infection. CONCLUSION: This novel technique is widely applicable as a simple diagnostic tool in the clinical field as well as for the surveillance and investigation of the infectious disease in developing countries where HAV is endemic.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite A/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite A/virologia , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , RNA Viral/genética , Primers do DNA/genética , Vírus da Hepatite A/genética , Humanos , RNA Viral/metabolismo
6.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 29(8): 2112-6, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19839320

RESUMO

FeS2 belongs to sulfide, including pyrite of isometric system and marcasite of orthorhombic system. The FeS2 discovered in Gengzhuang, Shanxi Province, was growing in the form of whisker. The study with scanning electron microscopy and electron probe show that the mineral components of FeS2 vary regularly. The structure of natural nano-micron FeS2 whisker was determined by micro-Raman spectroscopy. The results show that there exist two types of structure in FeS2 whiskers: pyrite and marcasite. Marcasite presents irregular shapes, such as coarse lotus root joints, crude columnar or beaded. Pyrite exists in the shape of straight line and smooth surface. In the early growing stage, Gengzhuang FeS2 whisker was mainly marcasite-type structure; in the middle stage it was coexistent structure of pyrite- and marcasite-type; in the late stage it was mainly pyrite-type. The growing stages of the whisker FeS2 show the phase transformation laws. Moreover, during the growing process marcasite was growing with pyrite coated on. Study on FeS2 whisker structure shows that there are correlations between phase transformation laws of the structure and forms, and between the forming time and the composition characteristics.

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