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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 103: 108486, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34973529

RESUMO

Compelling evidence has confirmed that inflammatory pathways involving TLR4-regulated cytokines and immune cells are vitallyimportant for the pathogenesis of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH), hinting that pharmacological prevention of PHH is feasible. TAK-242, as a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor, downregulates TLR4-induced inflammatory responses and becomes a potent and noveltherapeuticdrugcandidatefor PHH. In the present study, we investigate whether TAK-242 protects against hydrocephalus and improves the prognosis of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). We also explore the possible role of TAK-242 for the regulation of TLR4-NF-κB signaling pathway. A model of PHH was conducted in 6-week-old Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The rats were divided into four main groups, including the sham, IVH + vehicle, IVH + TAK-242 and IVH groups. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was applied to measure the lateral ventricle volume. Western blot (WB) and immunofluorescence (IF) were applied to detect the expression of TLR4, NF-κB, fibronectin and laminin. A combined scoring system and Morris water maze were employed to evaluate neurological functions after IVH. We found that IVH induced heightened activation of TLR4-NF-κB signaling pathway. We observed the increased lateral ventricular volume, elevation of NF-κB in choroidplexus, as well as fibronectin and laminin in the subarachnoid space (SAS) and ventricular wall after IVH. Obviously, TAK-242 treatment effectively inhibited the up-regulation of NF-κB, fibronectin, laminin and significantly alleviated ventriculomegaly after IVH. Importantly, TAK-242 improved neurocognitive deficits after PHH. In conclusion, TAK-242 attenuated IVH-induced hydrocephalus and improved the prognosis of PHH. The underlying mechanism involved the TAK-242-mediated downregulation of TLR4-NF-κB signaling pathway.

2.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022315

RESUMO

KDM6A, an X chromosome-linked histone lysine demethylase, was reported to be frequently mutated in many tumor types including breast and bladder cancer. However, the functional role of KDM6A is not fully understood. Using MCF10A as a model of non-tumorigenic epithelial breast cells, we found that silencing KDM6A promoted cell migration and transformation demonstrated by the formation of tumor-like acini in three-dimensional culture. KDM6A loss reduced the sensitivity of MCF10A cells to therapeutic agents commonly used to treat triple-negative breast cancer patients and also induced TGF-ß extracellular secretion leading to suppressed expression of cytotoxic genes in normal human CD8+ T cells in vitro. Interestingly, when cells were treated with TGF-ß, de novo synthesis of KDM6A protein was suppressed while TGFB1 transcription was enhanced, indicating a TGF-ß/KDM6A negative regulatory axis. Furthermore, both KDM6A deficiency and TGF-ß treatment promoted disorganized acinar structures in three-dimensional culture, as well as transcriptional profiles associated with epithelial to mesenchymal transition and metastasis, suggesting KDM6A depletion and TGF-ß drive tumor progression. Implications: Our study provides the preclinical rationale for evaluating KDM6A and TGF-ß in breast tumor samples as predictors for response to chemo and immunotherapy, informing personalized therapy based on these findings.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2103676, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994102

RESUMO

Local pulmonary administration of therapeutic siRNA represents a promising approach to the treatment of lung fibrosis, which is currently hampered by inefficient delivery. Development of perfluorooctylbromide (PFOB) nanoemulsions as a way of improving the efficiency of pulmonary polycation-based delivery of siRNA is reported. The results show that the polycation/siRNA/PFOB nanoemulsions are capable of efficiently silencing the expression of STAT3 and inhibiting chemokine receptor CXCR4-two validated targets in pulmonary fibrosis. Both in vitro and in vivo results demonstrate that the nanoemulsions improve mucus penetration and facilitate effective cellular delivery of siRNA. Pulmonary treatment of mice with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis shows strong inhibition of the progression of the disease and significant prolongation of animal survival. Overall, the study points to a promising local treatment strategy of pulmonary fibrosis.

4.
Water Res ; 208: 117879, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847511

RESUMO

It is well known that microplastics (MPs) may experience weathering and aging under ultraviolet light (UV) irradiation, but it remains unclear if these processes are impacted by natural components, such as clay minerals. In this study, we systematically investigated the photodegradation behaviors of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET), two utmost used plastics, in the presence of clay minerals (kaolinite and montmorillonite). The results demonstrated that the clay minerals, particularly kaolinite, significantly promoted the MPs photodegradation, and the aging of PET was more prominent. The photodegradation was the most distinct at pH 7.0, regardless of the presence or absence of the clay minerals. The results of electron paramagnetic resonance and inhibition experiments of reactive oxygen species indicated that the minerals, particularly kaolinite, remarkably facilitated production of •OH, which was the key species contributing to the photodegradation of MPs. Specifically, UV irradiation facilitated the photo-ionization of MPs, producing hydrated electrons and MP radical cations (MP+). The Lewis base sites prevalent on the clay siloxane surfaces could stabilize the MP radical cations and prevent their recombination with hydrated electrons, which promoted the generation of •OH under aerobic conditions, and facilitated the degradation of MP. Two-dimensional (2D) Fourier transformation infrared (FTIR) correlation spectroscopy (COS) analysis and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to a Q Exactive Orbitrap HF mass spectrometer were used to identify the sequential changes of functional groups, and the degradation products of the MPs. This study improves our understanding on the aging of MPs in the complex natural environment.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Plásticos , Argila , Minerais , Fotólise , Polietilenotereftalatos , Cloreto de Polivinila
5.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127190, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844340

RESUMO

In this work, three kinds of biochars (PMBC-H2O, PMBC-PP and PMBC-HP) with excellent adsorption performance were obtained by carbonizing pig manure pre-treated with different agents. These biochars had the ordered mesoporous structures and possessed abundant active functional groups on their surface. The adsorption behaviors of the biochars towards UVI under various conditions were evaluated by batch experiment. The results showed that KMnO4 and H2O2 could enormously improve the adsorption performance of PMBC to UVI. After KMnO4 and H2O2 pretreatment, the maximum adsorption capacities of PMBC-PP (979.3 mg/g) and PMBC-HP (661.7 mg/g) were about 2.6 and 1.8 times higher than that of PMBC-H2O (369.9 mg/g), respectively, which was much higher than previously reported biochar-based materials. Obviously, KMnO4 pretreatment leaded to a higher enhancement than that of H2O2. The removal mechanism of UVI on PMBC-PP was discussed in-depth. The interaction between UVI species and PMBC-PP was mainly ascribed to the abundant active sites on the surface of PMBC-PP. In a word, conversion of pig manure pre-treated with KMnO4 into biochar not only demonstrates that PMBC-PP has great potential in the treatment of actual uranium-containing wastewater, but also provides a method for the rational utilization of pig manure to reduce the pollution.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 192-202, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500418

RESUMO

Strong absorption and large bandwidth are two contributors to materials' absorbing performance. In this work, a series of multi-element core-shell magnetic nano-particle composite layered graphene absorbing materials CoFe2O4@C/rGO (CCr) were prepared by adjusting carbon shell thickness. The CCr at a low thickness achieved strong microwave absorption and a wide effective absorption bandwidth. Not only the core-shell structure of the magnetic nanoparticle CoFe2O4@C (CFO@C) increases the interface loss, but both the coating carbon shell and the core CoFe2O4 (CFO) are beneficial to improve impedance matching. Due to the synergistic effect of the dielectric and magnetic properties of graphene and ferrite, CCr possessed high absorption performance, and its minimum reflection loss reached (RLmin) -52.5 dB when the thickness was only 2 mm. At the same time, the effective absorption bandwidth (EAB) was 5.68 GHz when the thickness was only 1.7 mm. The chemically stable core-shell dielectric nanocomposite provided a new solution for preparing materials with excellent chemical structure and high absorbing properties.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149840, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525762

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) have attracted considerable attention due to its worldwide distribution, environmental persistence, and ecological risks. In this work, the photodegradation of MPs mediated by five different types of soils were investigated. The results showed: after 20 d of xenon lamp irradiation, significant degradation of MP was observed on Harbin (S1), Huainan (S2), Jiangxi (S3), Shaanxi (S4) and Hainan (S5). The order of photodegradation rate of MP was S2 > S5 > S4 > S1 > S3. The components of the soil have some correlations with MPs photodegradation. The photodegradation of MP mediated by soil components (specifically, the clay, the iron oxides and MnO2) displayed positive effect, while the photodegradation of MPs mediated by organic carbon showed inhibition trend. It is worth noting that electrostatic interaction may be the dominant factor affecting the interaction between MPs photodegradation rate and different soils surfaces. This study is helpful to deepen the understanding of the photochemical behavior of MP in soil, and is of great significance to evaluate the environmental fate and mechanism mediated by MP in soil.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Solo , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos , Fotólise , Plásticos
8.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 326, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polyploidy, especially allopolyploidy, which entails merging divergent genomes via hybridization and whole-genome duplication (WGD), is a major route to speciation in plants. The duplication among the parental genomes (subgenomes) often leads to one subgenome becoming dominant over the other(s), resulting in subgenome asymmetry in gene content and expression. Polyploid wheats are allopolyploids with most genes present in two (tetraploid) or three (hexaploid) functional copies, which commonly show subgenome expression asymmetry. It is unknown whether a similar subgenome asymmetry exists during translation. We aim to address this key biological question and explore the major contributing factors to subgenome translation asymmetry. RESULTS: Here, we obtain the first tetraploid wheat translatome and reveal that subgenome expression asymmetry exists at the translational level. We further perform in vivo RNA structure profiling to obtain the wheat RNA structure landscape and find that mRNA structure has a strong impact on translation, independent of GC content. We discover a previously uncharacterized contribution of RNA structure in subgenome translation asymmetry. We identify 3564 single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) across the transcriptomes between the two tetraploid wheat subgenomes, which induce large RNA structure disparities. These SNVs are highly conserved within durum wheat cultivars but are divergent in both domesticated and wild emmer wheat. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully determine both the translatome and in vivo RNA structurome in tetraploid wheat. We reveal that RNA structure serves as an important modulator of translational subgenome expression asymmetry in polyploids. Our work provides a new perspective for molecular breeding of major polyploid crops.

9.
Front Chem ; 9: 772858, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869220

RESUMO

New infectious diseases and increase in drug-resistant microbial pathogens emphasize the need for antibiotics with novel mode-of-action. Tetramates represented by fungi-derived tenuazonic acid and bacterial polycyclic tetramate macrolactams (PTMs) are an important family of natural products with a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activities. Despite their potential application as new antibiotics, it remains unknown how PTMs function. In this study, genomic mining revealed that PTM biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) are widespread in both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and we investigated a sponge endosymbiont Actinoalloteichus hymeniacidonis harboring a potential PTM-BGC. Xanthobaccin A that previously has only been isolated from a Gram-negative bacterium was obtained after a scale-up fermentation, isolation, and structure elucidation through mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Xanthobaccin A as well as two previously reported tetramates, equisetin and ikarugamycin, exhibited antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis. In addition, these three tetramates were for the first time to be confirmed as metallophores and the stoichiometry of the complexes were shown to be Fe(III)(equisetin)3/Fe(III)(equisetin)2 and Fe(III)(ikarugamycin)2, respectively. Meanwhile, we found that all three tetramates could reduce ferric into ferrous iron, which triggers the Fenton chemistry reaction. Their antibacterial activity was reduced by adding the radical scavenger, vitamin C. Altogether, our work demonstrates that equisetin and PTMs can act as metallophores and their antimicrobial mechanism is possibly mediated through Fenton chemistry.

10.
Allergy Asthma Proc ; 42(6): e167-e173, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871165

RESUMO

Objective: YKL-40 is a highly conserved and chitin-bound human glycoprotein in mammals that is associated with airway inflammation and has no enzyme activity. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to assess the use of YKL-40 levels as a diagnosis of asthma. Methods: A meta-analysis was conducted based on the data from medical literature data base searches with time restrictions of January 2007 to January 2021. We searched and extracted relevant information from a total of 15 studies that reported YKL-40 levels in patients with asthma and in healthy controls, and obtained a sample of 1647 patients with asthma and 1259 healthy controls. Standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for this study by using statistical software packages. Results: Serum YKL-40 levels were higher in the patients with asthma than in the healthy controls (SMD 1.36 ng/ml [95% CI, 0.82-1.89 ng/ml]). YKL-40 levels are elevated in pediatric patients with asthma (SMD 2.26 ng/ml [95% CI, 1.33-3.18 ng/ml]) and in adult patients with asthma (SMD 0.96 ng/ml [95% CI, 0.26-1.66 ng/ml]). In addition, a subgroup analysis of asthma disease status showed that YKL-40 levels were significantly increased in the patients with stable asthma (SMD 1.69 ng/ml [95% CI, 0.81-2.56 ng/ml]) and in those with acute exacerbation asthma (SMD 3.31 ng/ml [95% CI, 2.04-4.58 ng/ml]), and serum YKL-40 levels were significantly higher in patients with acute exacerbation asthma than in patients with stable asthma (SMD 1.49 ng/ml [95% CI, 0.50-2.48 ng/ml]). Conclusion: Results of this meta-analysis suggested that increased serum levels of YKL-40 in patients with asthma could be used as an emerging indicator for distinguishing individuals with asthma from healthy individuals.

11.
BMJ Open ; 11(12): e048162, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857553

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is becoming the most commonly implemented and standard treatment for depression. Up to date, only a few numbers of studies have investigated the potential relationship between CBT and the change of inflammatory biomarkers in individuals of depression. And the results are inconsistent among studies. The current study aims to provide a comprehensive, systematic review of the association between CBT and changes of peripheral inflammation of individuals with depression, and clarify the alterations of inflammatory cytokines pre-CBT and post-CBT treatment by meta-analysis, anti-inflammatory. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will be conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A systematic search of predetermined terms will be conducted with electronic databases of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO from inception to July 2021. Database searches will be supplemented by expert contact, reference and citation checking, and grey literature. Primary outcomes of interest will be validated measures for levels of inflammatory cytokines pre-CBT and post- CBT treatment in individuals with depression. Hedges' g will be used to represent the effect size. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: The protocol of current meta-analysis has been registered at the Open Science Framework (https://doi.org/10.17605/osf.io/tr9yh). ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Formal ethical approval is not required by the National Ethical Review Board in China as primary data will not be collected. The results alterations of peripheral inflammatory cytokines pre-CBT and post-CBT treatment in individuals with depression will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed publication and inform the most up-to-date evidence of the roles of CBT treatment for depression.

12.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-11, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865573

RESUMO

The fungal endophyte Aspergillus sp. strain FVL2, isolated from the traditional medicinal fennel plant, Foeniculum vulgare, was investigated for secondary metabolites. Fermentation on rice medium followed by chromatographic separation delivered three new natural products, 7-demethyl-neosulochrin (1), fumigaclavine I (3) and N-benzoyl-tryptophan (6) together with further 14 known metabolites, 1-O-methyl-sulochrin-4'-sulfate, questin, laccaic acid, isorhodoptilometrin, fumigaclavine A, fumigaclavine C, fumitremorgin C, fumigaquinazoline C, tryptoquivaline J, trypacidin, 3'-O-demethyl-sulochrin, 1-O-methyl-sulochrin, protocatechuic acid, and vermelone. The chemical structures of the new metabolites were determined by NMR spectroscopy and ESI HR mass spectrometry. For fumigaclavine I, we observed the partial deuterium transfer from the solvent to the enol form with a remarkable high stereo selectivity. The discovery of the new seco-anthraquinone 7-demethyl-neosulochrin (1) revealed a second type of ring cleavage by a questin oxygenase. The discovery of diverse secondary metabolites broadens the chemical space of Aspergillus.

13.
Food Chem X ; 12: 100176, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927051

RESUMO

In this study, we analyzed the characteristics of volatile compounds of Chinese prickly ash peels with different climate conditions and their correlation. The data revealed that the contents of limonene and linalool in peels from southwest and northwest regions were higher, and the aroma was stronger, while the contents of ß-myrcene and (E)-ocimene in them from north, east and central China were higher, and the spicy flavor was heavier. Hierarchical cluster analysis demonstrated that the classification had geographical continuity. Through the correlation analysis and path analysis, it was found that the contents of volatile compounds were closely related to the climatic factors. The influence of wind speed and annual average temperature on volatile substances was greater than that of annual average precipitation and annual sunshine duration. This enriched the effect of climatic factors on the accumulation of volatile substances, and promoted the agriculture practices in area having similar climate conditions.

14.
J Control Release ; 341: 300-313, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826532

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by a sudden loss of renal function and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Tumor suppressor p53 and chemokine receptor CXCR4 were both implicated in the AKI pathology. Here, we report on the development and evaluation of polymeric CXCR4 antagonist (PCX) siRNA carrier for selective delivery to injured kidneys in AKI. Our results show that PCX/siRNA nanoparticles (polyplexes) provide protection against cisplatin injury to tubule cells in vitro when both CXCR4 and p53 are inhibited. The polyplexes selectively accumulate and are retained in the injured kidneys in cisplatin and bilateral ischemia reperfusion injury models of AKI. Treating AKI with the combined CXCR4 inhibition and p53 gene silencing with the PCX/sip53 polyplexes improves kidney function and decreases renal damage. Overall, our results suggest that the PCX/sip53 polyplexes have a significant potential to enhance renal accumulation in AKI and deliver therapeutic siRNA.

15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(22)2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830884

RESUMO

The approval of immune checkpoint inhibitors has expanded treatment options for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but new therapies that target RCC stemness and promote anti-tumor immunity are needed. Previous findings demonstrate that doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) regulates stemness and is associated with RCC disease progression. Herein, we demonstrate that small-molecule kinase inhibitor DCLK1-IN-1 strongly inhibits DCLK1 phosphorylation and downregulates pluripotency factors and cancer stem cell (CSC) or epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated markers including c-MET, c-MYC, and N-Cadherin in RCC cell lines. Functionally, DCLK1-IN-1 treatment resulted in significantly reduced colony formation, migration, and invasion. Additionally, assays using floating or Matrigel spheroid protocols demonstrated potent inhibition of stemness. An analysis of clinical populations showed that DCLK1 predicts RCC survival and that its expression is correlated with reduced CD8+ cytotoxic T-cell infiltration and increases in M2 immunosuppressive macrophage populations. The treatment of RCC cells with DCLK1-IN-1 significantly reduced the expression of immune checkpoint ligand PD-L1, and co-culture assays using peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) or T-cell expanded PBMCs demonstrated a significant increase in immune-mediated cytotoxicity alone or in combination with anti-PD1 therapy. Together, these findings demonstrate broad susceptibility to DCLK1 kinase inhibition in RCC using DCLK1-IN-1 and provide the first direct evidence for DCLK1-IN-1 as an immuno-oncology agent.

16.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic performance of microRNA-21 detected in serum or sputum as a biomarker for lung carcinoma identification through pooling the open published data. METHODS: Clinical diagnostic studies related to microRNA-21 as a biomarker for lung carcinoma identification were electronically searched in the databases of Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and Google Scholar. The data of the included studies was extracted and made pooling of diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) (AUC) for microRNA-21 expression in serum or sputum as a biomarker for lung carcinoma identification. The publication bias was evaluated by Deek's funnel plot. RESULTS: Seventeen diagnostic studies were finally included and made data pooling. For the included 17 studies, 4 investigated the microRNA-21 expression in sputum and 13 studies in serum. The pooled diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 0.73 (95% CI, 0.67-0.78) and 0.81 (95% CI, 0.75-0.85), respectively, under random effect model. The combined DOR was 9.65 (95% CI, 6.64-14.03) with the AUC of 0.84 (95% CI, 0.80-0.87). Given a pre-test probability of 50%, the post-test positive probability and post-test negative probability were 79% and 25%, respectively, by using microRNA-21 as a biomarker for lung carcinoma diagnosis. Deek's funnel was obviously asymmetry and indicated significant publication bias (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MicroRNA-21 in serum or sputum was a promising biomarker for lung cancer identification with relative high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.

17.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817114

RESUMO

The construction of C-O bonds through C-H bond functionalization remains fundamentally challenging. Here, a practical chlorine radical-mediated aerobic oxidation of alkylarenes to carbonyls was developed. This protocol employed commercially available HCl as a hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) reagent and air as a sustainable oxidant. In addition, this process exhibited excellent functional group tolerance and a broad substrate scope without the requirement for external metal and oxidants. The mechanistic hypothesis was supported by radical trapping, 18 O labeling, and control experiments.

18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1660: 462674, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781045

RESUMO

Silica-based positively-charged stationary phase bonding phenylaminopropyl (named PHN) was found to produce symmetrical peak shape and higher sample loading for basic compounds. In this work, firstly, surface charge property of the PHN was evaluated by ζ-potential and retention of NO3-. A considerable amount of pH-dependent positive charges was confirmed more than that on CSH Phenyl-Hexyl, a commercial positively-charged phenyl stationary phase. Then chromatographic evaluation of standard alkaloids revealed that PHN could offer better peak shape and higher column efficiency at lower pH, and it functioned well under a wide range of buffer ionic strength. The PHN also showed different selectivity for basic compounds compared to the CSH Phenyl-Hexyl. Furthermore, it provided superior peak shape for high sample mass, demonstrating potential applications of this stationary phase in a preparative scale. These results can be explained by the strong charge intensity of the PHN stationary phase. Finally, the PHN was applied to separate a fraction from rhizomes of Corydalis decumbens, and purify dehydrocorybulbine from Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. Wang. Our study indicated the advantages and potential applications of the phenylaminopropyl bonded PHN stationary phase for basic compound separation.

19.
Nanotechnology ; 33(9)2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814117

RESUMO

In this work, the efficient extraction of uranium in solution using Al2O3-SiO2-T was reported. Kinetics and isotherm models indicated that the removal process of uranium on Al2O3-SiO2-T accorded with pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm model, which showed that the adsorption process was a uniform mono-layer chemical behavior. The maximum adsorption capacity of Al2O3-SiO2-T reached 738.7 mg g-1, which was higher than AlNaO6Si2(349.8 mg g-1) and Al2O3-SiO2-NT (453.1 mg g-1), indicating that the addition of template could effectively improve the adsorption performance of Al2O3-SiO2to uranium. Even after five cycles of adsorption-desorption, the removal percentage of uranium on Al2O3-SiO2-T remained 96%. Besides, the extraction efficiency of uranium on Al2O3-SiO2-T was 72.5% in simulated seawater, which suggested that the Al2O3-SiO2-T was expected to be used for uranium extraction from seawater. Further, the interaction mechanism between Al2O3-SiO2-T and uranium species was studied. The results showed that the electrostatic interaction and complexation played key roles in the adsorption process of Al2O3-SiO2-T to uranium.

20.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A prediction model for 30-day readmission in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) was needed. AIMS: To develop a nomogram to predict 30-day readmission in patients with AP and validate the usefulness of serum indicators after discharge for the prediction of 30-day readmission. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study enrolling patients with the first attack of AP. Baseline characteristics, clinical profiles, and serum indicators after discharge were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis and a nomogram were employed to determine the independent risk factors for 30-day readmission. RESULTS: A total of 7.32% (121/1653) of the patients were readmitted within 30 days after discharge. Different etiologies (biliary pancreatitis (adjusted odds ratio (AdjOR), 9.63; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.28-72.52; P = 0.028), other causes (AdjOR, 9.37; 95% CI, 1.15-76.12, P = 0.026), mixed causes (AdjOR, 10.76; 95% CI, 1.27-91.35; P = 0.03) compared with alcoholic pancreatitis)), infected pancreatitis necrosis (IPN) (AdjOR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.2-4.42; P = 0.013), total bilirubin level ≥ 20.5 µmol/L (AdjOR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.23-4.77; P = 0.01), glucose level ≥ 6.1 mmol/L (AdjOR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.16-3.19; P = 0.011), and albumin level < 40 g/L (AdjOR, 4.25; 95% CI, 2.44-7.41; P < 0.001) were independently associated with 30-day readmission. A nomogram incorporating these factors demonstrated good discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility. Serum indicators after discharge added predictive value compared with clinical variables alone (AUC, 0.78 vs. 0.685; P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram combining etiology, IPN, and serum indicators after discharge has favorable predictive performance for 30-Day readmission. The close monitoring and reexamination of serum indicators are essential for AP patients at high risk.

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