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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 81: 106230, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032850

RESUMO

Andrographolide (AG), an ingredient extracted from traditional Chinese herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata, has been demonstrated to have potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether and how AG attenuated CSE-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation and oxidative stress in RAW 264.7 cells (a mouse macrophages line). The results showed that AG significantly reduced CSE-induced upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e., TNF-α and IL-1ß) in the RAW 264.7 cells. AG inhibited CSE-induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and prevented the reduction of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio, indicating the anti-oxidative stress effects of AG in macrophages. AG also improved mitochondrial function and mitochondrial membrane potential. In addition, AG inhibited CSE-induced increase of heme oxygenase (HO)-1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and MMP-12. Moreover, AG increased SIRT1 transcription and expression, suggesting AG inhibits mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation and oxidative stress via a SIRT1 dependent signaling. We also demonstrated that AG inhibited CSE-induced ERK phosphorylation, and treatment with PD980589, a ERK inhibitor, reversed CSE-induced inflammation and oxidative stress. These results indicated that AG may prevent COPD via the inhibition of SIRT1/ERK signaling pathway, and subsequently inhibition of mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, and oxidative stress in macrophages.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(24): 11844-11864, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881011

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), an endogenous gaseous signal molecule, regulates many pathologies related to aging. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) has been shown to protect against mitochondrial dysfunction and other pathological processes, including premature senescence. This study was aimed to investigate whether and how H2S attenuates senescence and apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells via a SIRT1-dependent mechanism. Our results showed that treatment with sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a donor of H2S, attenuated cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, cellular senescence and apoptosis in A549 cells. This was associated with SIRT1 upregulation. SIRT1 activation by a pharmacological activator, SRT1720, attenuated CSE-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in A549 cells. While SIRT1 inhibition by EX 527 or silencing by siRNA transfection significantly attenuated or abolished the ability of NaHS to reverse the CSE-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and the imbalance of mitochondrial fusion and fission. Also, SIRT1 inhibition or silencing abolished the protection of NaHS against CSE-induced cellular senescence and apoptosis. In conclusion, H2S attenuates CSE-induced cellular senescence and apoptosis by improving mitochondrial function and reducing oxidative stress in alveolar epithelial cells in a SIRT1-dependent manner. These findings provide novel mechanisms underlying the protection of H2S against cigarette smoke-induced COPD.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 105979, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771816

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary fibrosis (COPD) is a chronic and fatal lung disease with few treatment options. Sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a donor of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), was found to alleviate cigarette smoke (CS)-induced emphysema in mice, however, the underlying mechanisms have not yet been clarified. In this study, we investigated its effects on COPD in a CS-induced mouse model in vivo and in cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-stimulated alveolar epithelial A549 cells in vitro. The results showed that NaHS not only relieved emphysema, but also improved pulmonary function in CS-exposed mice. NaHS significantly increased the expressions of tight junction proteins (i.e., ZO-1, Occludin and claudin-1), and reduced apoptosis and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e., TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß) in CS-exposed mouse lungs and CSE-incubated A549 cells, indicating H2S inhibits CS-induced inflammation, injury and apoptosis in alveolar epithelial cells. NaHS also upregulated prolyl hydroxylase (PHD)2, and suppressed hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α expression in vivo and in vitro, suggesting H2S inhibits CS-induced activation of PHD2/HIF-1α axis. Moreover, NaHS inhibited CS-induced phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and p38 MAPK in vivo and in vitro, and treatment with their inhibitors reversed CSE-induced ZO-1 expression and inflammation in A549 cells. These results suggest that NaHS may prevent emphysema via the suppression of PHD2/HIF-1α/MAPK signaling pathway, and subsequently inhibition of inflammation, epithelial cell injury and apoptosis, and may be a novel strategy for the treatment of COPD.

4.
Life Sci ; 232: 116650, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inhalation of NO2 leads to a progressive airflow limitation and the development of emphysema-like lesions. We report on the efficacy of hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) for alleviating NO2-induced pulmonary impairment. METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to 20 ppm NO2 for 6 h over six consecutive days for 75 days. At day 75, rats who had developed NO2-induced emphysema were then divided into sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) administrated group, placebo (NaCl) group and spontaneous recovery group for about one month (days 76-105); Pulmonary function (PF) and hematological and biochemical indices were measured at days 14, 45, 75, and 105. RESULTS: NO2 exposure for 75 days was associated with a significant decrease in FEV100/FVC%, an increased in functional residual capacity (FRC), and histologic evidence of emphysema, moreover; NO2 exposure led to elevated triglyceride (TG), red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), and hematocrit (HCT) levels. Impaired rats treated with NaHS showed no further deterioration in PF compared to rats exposed to ambient air and elevated WBC, granulocyte and lymphocyte counts and HDL-C levels to rats given NaCl. CONCLUSIONS: NO2 exposure causes emphysema and a decline in PF in rats. NaHS could alleviate the PF decline as possible indicated by an elevation of HDL-C levels and leukocyte. NaHS has therapeutic potential for emphysema caused by air pollutant NO2.


Assuntos
Testes Hematológicos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/toxicidade , Sulfetos/administração & dosagem , Sulfetos/farmacologia , Administração por Inalação , Animais , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Testes de Função Respiratória
5.
Life Sci ; 221: 121-129, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30763575

RESUMO

AIMS: A rat model of emphysema was established that mimics the features of the human emphysema subtype and explores the effects of demethylation on lung function and blood tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were randomly assigned to NO2, NO2 + 5-Azacytidine, and normal air groups based on a emphysema rat model induced by chronic NO2 exposure. This study estimates the characteristics of emphysema by conducting an analysis for IL-6 and TNF-α levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) and plasma. Furthermore, CD68 macrophage immunofluorescent staining and inflammatory cell counts in BALF were compared between rats exposed to NO2 and normal air. KEY FINDINGS: 5-Azacytidine treatment led to restored ∆weight at 14 and 75 days of intervention and NO2 + 5-Azacytidine significantly reversed the effect of NO2 exposure on ∆weight. Intervention with 5-Azacytidine alleviated the decline of pulmonary function with a significant increase in FEV100/FVC% at 75 days in NO2 + 5-Azacytidine rats compared to NO2 rats. 5-Azacytidine reduced the counts of white blood cells (WBCs), granulocytes, lymphocytes, and monocytes at 14 days, but increased WBC, granulocyte, and monocyte counts at 45 days. Red blood cell counts, hemoglobin, and hematocrit concentrations were significantly reduced in NO2 + 5-Azacytidine rats. SIGNIFICANCE: This non-inflammatory rat emphysema model (induced by chronic NO2 exposure with global DNA hypomethylation and demethylation therapy with 5-Azacytidine) effectively improved emphysema by alleviating the decline of lung function and hypoxia, and slightly reinforced immune function. These results indicate the therapeutic potential of demethylation agents for the prevention and treatment of emphysema induced by the air pollutant NO2.


Assuntos
Azacitidina/metabolismo , Azacitidina/farmacologia , Enfisema/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Citocinas , Desmetilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Enfisema/metabolismo , Enfisema/fisiopatologia , Interleucina-6/análise , Contagem de Leucócitos , Pulmão , Macrófagos , Masculino , Neutrófilos , Óxido Nítrico , Enfisema Pulmonar , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
6.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 263, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29765317

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is frequently encountered and promotes oxidative stress and inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study investigated whether sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS), a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA, can mediate its effect through inhibiting HIF-1α-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced COPD in mice. Here, we found that STS improved pulmonary function, ameliorated emphysema and decreased the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lungs of CS-exposed mice. STS reduced CS- and cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced upregulation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß in the lungs and macrophages. STS also inhibited CSE-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, as well as the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1, NOX1 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in macrophages. In addition, STS suppressed HIF-1α expression in vivo and in vitro, and pretreatment with HIF-1α siRNA reduced CSE-induced elevation of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and HO-1 content in the macrophages. Moreover, we found that STS inhibited CSE-induced the phosphorylation of ERK, p38 MAPK and JNK in macrophages, and inhibition of these signaling molecules significantly repressed CSE-induced HIF-1α expression. It indicated that STS inhibits CSE-induced HIF-1α expression likely by blocking MAPK signaling. Furthermore, STS also promoted HIF-1α protein degradation in CSE-stimulated macrophages. Taken together, these results suggest that STS prevents COPD development possibly through the inhibition of HIF-1α signaling, and may be a novel strategy for the treatment of COPD.

7.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 8(1): 38-46, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29387395

RESUMO

Increasing evidence supports a key role for the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway in lung vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Genetic variations in BMP genes have been found to be correlated with cancer risk. In particular, the mutation in the 3'-untranslated region of BMPs may significantly affect gene function, leading to cancer susceptibility. The aim of the present study was to determine whether genetic variations in the components of the BMP family are associated with lung cancer risk. A total of 314 tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms were identified in 18 genes, which are considered to either compose or regulate BMPs, and their association with lung cancer risk was evaluated in a two-stage case-control study with 4,680 cases and controls. A consistently significant association of SMAD5 rs12719482 with elevated lung cancer risk was observed in the three types of sources of populations (adjusted additive model in the combined population: Odds ratio=1.32, 95% confidence interval: 1.16-1.51). The lung cancer risk statistically significantly increased with the increasing number of variant alleles of SMAD5 rs12719482 in a dose-dependent pattern (P for trend=4.9×10-5). Consistent evidence was identified for a significant interaction between the rs12719482 and cigarette smoking, performed as either a continuous or discrete variable. These findings indicated that SMAD5 rs12719482 may be a possible candidate marker for susceptibility to lung cancer in the Chinese population.

8.
Gene ; 637: 50-56, 2017 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28939338

RESUMO

The contribution of risk alleles to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may vary between populations. This study aimed to investigate the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HHIP on COPD susceptibility in the Chinese Mongolian and Han populations from Inner Mongolia autonomous region. In this case-control study, five SNPs in HHIP gene were detected in 700 COPD patients (350 Chinese Han and 350 Chinese Mongolian) and 700 healthy controls (350 Chinese Han and 350 Chinese Mongolian). The genotype, the association with COPD, and the differences between Chinese Han and Mongolian populations were evaluated using the chi-squared (χ2) test, genetic models, and logistic analysis. The minor allele C in SNP rs10519717 was associated with COPD in Mongolian (Odds ration (OR)=1.401, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.110-1.769, P=0.044); however, not in the Han. The CC genotype in SNP rs10519717 was a risk factor for COPD in Mongolian (OR=2.667, 95% CI: 1.479-4.809, P=0.044); however, the TC genotype in Han played the same role (OR=1.396, 95% CI: 1.018-1.915, P=0.044). The GG genotype in SNP rs13147758 was protective in the Han (OR=0.546, 95% CI: 0.332-0.897, P=0.017). The homozygote of the minor alleles in SNPs rs12504628, rs1828591, and rs13118928 had a protective role in the both of COPD populations. For the minor allele distribution, the differences between the Han and Mongolian were presented only in the case group for rs12504628 (P=0.003), rs13147758 (P=0.002), rs1828591 (P=0.001), and rs13118928 (P=0.002); for the genotypes, differences was presented at the frequency of the minor allele homozygote in rs13147758 (P=0.048), rs10519717 (P=0.027), rs1828591 (P=0.041), and rs13118928 (P=0.044) in Mongolian. Our findings suggested that HHIP rs10519717 might be associated with susceptibility of Mongolian COPD. For the other SNPs, the differences between the two populations were represented by minor allele distribution and frequency of the minor allele homozygotes.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genética Populacional , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mongólia/epidemiologia
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