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1.
Biomacromolecules ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628859

RESUMO

Polyelectrolyte (PE) nanogels consisting of cross-linked PE networks integrate the advanced features of both nanogels and PEs. The soft environment and abundant intrinsic charges are of special interest for enzyme immobilization. However, the crucial factors that regulate enzyme encapsulation and activation remain obscure to date. Herein, we synthesized cationic poly (dimethyl aminoethyl methacrylate), PDMAEMA, nanogels with well-defined size and cross-link degrees and fully investigated the effects of different control factors on lipase immobilization. We demonstrate that the cationic PDMAEMA nanogels indeed enable efficient and safe loading of anionic lipase without disturbing their structures. Strong charge interaction achieved by tuning pH and larger particle size are favorable for lipase loading, while the enhanced enzymatic activity demands nanogels with smaller size and a moderate cross-link degree. As such, PDMAEMA nanogels with a hydrodynamic radius of 35 nm and 30% cross-linker fraction display the optimal catalytic efficiency, which is fourfold of that of free lipase. Moreover, the immobilization endows enhanced enzymatic activity in a broad scope of pH, ionic strength, and temperature, demonstrating effective protection and activation of lipase by the designed nanogels. Our study validates the crucial controls of the size and structure of PE nanogels on enzyme encapsulation and activation, and the revealed findings shall be helpful for designing functional PE nanogels and boosting their applications for enzyme immobilization.

2.
Radiology ; : 210691, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491132

RESUMO

Online supplemental material is available for this article.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482690

RESUMO

Designing flame-retardant polymers with high performance is a long-standing challenge, partly because of the time-consuming traditional approaches based on experiential intuition and trial-and-error screenings. Inspired by the effective new paradigm of data-driven material discovery, we used machine learning to analyze experimental data to accelerate the development of new flame-retardant polymers. To explore the relationship between limit oxygen index (LOI) and components, we prepared 20 composites and then trained a simple equation for the LOI using the method sure independence screening and sparsifying operator (SISSO). The data analysis allows us for a better understanding of the flame-retardant mechanism and components, and the equation has good accuracy in guiding the design of composites with high flame-retardant performance. Meanwhile, the increasing structural design of flame retardants is crucial to flame-retardant polymer composites. We proposed a structure of nano graphene oxide (GO) wrapped micro zinc hydroxystannate (ZHS) in a simple but effective way as a novel flame-retardant agent to enhance the flame retardancy and mechanical properties of polypropylene (PP) composites. The GO sheets were like "light yarns" wrapped onto the ZHS via hydrogen bonding in an ethanol solution. The selected samples were analyzed to confirm the predictive LOI model. The resultant composites with the substitution of intumescent flame retardant (IFR) by 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 wt % ZHS@GO conferred better flame retardancy compared with PP composite containing only IFR, reflected by the efficient increase of LOI value and V0 rating of UL-94 vertical tests. The analysis principles and facile fabrication strategies proposed in this work could be important for developing highly flame retardant composites.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585354

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to investigate the mediating effect of placental inflammatory biomarkers on the relationship between prenatal phthalate coexposure and cognitive development in preschoolers. A subgroup of 1660 mother-child pairs from the Ma'anshan Birth Cohort study were included. We measured the levels of phthalate metabolites of dibutyl phthalate (DBP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBzP), and di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in all the women included in the study from three urine samples collected in each of the trimesters. A potency-weighted sum of coexposure to DBP, BBzP, and DEHP (indicator: ∑PAE) was calculated. The mRNA of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 and the classically activated macrophage (M1) biomarker CD68 was analyzed using placental tissues. The Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Fourth Edition-Chinese was used to evaluate the full-scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ) of children aged 2.5-6 years. Average ∑PAEs and ∑PAEs in each trimester were associated with IL-6 and CD68. ∑PAE in the first trimester was positively associated with IL-6 (ß = 0.11, 95% CIs = 0.03-0.19) and CD68 (ß = 0.16, 95% CIs = 0.04-0.28), and negatively associated with FSIQ (ß =-0.06, 95% CIs = -0.11 to -0.02), verbal comprehension (ß =-0.06, 95% CIs = -0.11 to -0.01), and processing speed (ß =-0.07, 95% CIs = -0.12 to -0.01). Additionally, sex discrepancies were observed for the mediating effects of placental inflammation on the relationships between ∑PAE and children's cognitive development. For instance, the association between ∑PAE in early pregnancy and FSIQ was partially mediated by IL-6 (estimated proportion mediated: 21.85%) and CD68 (estimated proportion mediated: 16.2%). Gender-specific associations and trimester-specific relationships of prenatal multiple phthalate coexposure were revealed. ∑PAE in the first trimester of pregnancy was associated with increased of placental inflammation, and a decrease in preschoolers' cognitive development. In boys, placental IL-6 and CD68 elevation resulting from phthalates might be potential mechanisms of poor cognitive development.

5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112736, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Based on a medical record or questionnaire survey approach, previous epidemiological studies have investigated associations between maternal antibiotic exposure during pregnancy and childhood allergic diseases. However, biomonitoring studies on the prenatal low-dose antibiotic exposure, mainly from the environment and contaminated food, and in relation to children allergic diseases, are missing. OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to examine the associations between prenatal low-dose antibiotic exposure measured at multiple time points and children current allergic diseases at 4 years of age. METHODS: The current study including 2453 mother-child pairs was based on the Ma'anshan Birth Cohort study. Selected 41 antibiotics and their two metabolites, which including human antibiotics (HAs), preferred as human antibiotics (PHAs), veterinary antibiotics (VAs) and preferred as veterinary antibiotics (PVAs), in urine samples from 2453 pregnant women were biomonitored through liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry. Information on children current allergic diseases were collected via validated questionnaires. Generalized estimating equation were used to explore the associations between the repeated measurements of maternal urinary antibiotic over three trimesters and current allergic diseases in children. RESULTS: The detection rates of nine individual antibiotics in the three trimester during pregnancy are greater than 10%, and the 90th percentile concentration of the detected antibiotics ranges from 0.07 to 22.34 µg/g, and the 95th percentile concentration ranges from 0.17 to 59.57 µg/g. Among the participants, each one-unit concentration increment of sulfamethazine (adjusted OR=1.28, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.49, P-FDR=0.014) in the first trimester and ciprofloxacin (adjusted OR=1.17, 95% CI: 1.07, 1.28, P-FDR=0.008) in the second trimester were associated with an increased risk of current eczema in children. In the third trimester, each one-unit concentration increment of oxytetracycline (adjusted OR=1.90, 95% CI: 1.30, 2.78, P-FDR=0.014) was associated with an increased risk of current asthma in children. Gender-stratified analyses demonstrated that no gender differences were observed in the associations between prenatal antibiotic exposure and current allergic diseases in children. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal exposure to certain specific VAs or PVAs (sulfamethazine, ciprofloxacin and oxytetracycline) in different trimesters was associated with an increased risk of current asthma and current eczema in 4-year-old children. No gender differences were found in these associations. Further studies are warranted to confirm our findings and explore the potential mechanisms.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Exposição Materna , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Trimestres da Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9905067, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368357

RESUMO

Nonunion after diaphyseal fracture of the femur or the tibia is a common but difficult complication for treatment. Currently, the main treatment modalities include nail dynamization, exchange nailing, and bone transport, but revision with compression plating in these nonunions was rarely reported. To evaluate the outcomes of compression plating in the treatment of femur and tibia shaft nonunions, we retrospectively reviewed 54 patients with diaphyseal nonunion of the tibia or the femur treated with locking compression plate (LCP) by compression technique. There were 46 aseptic and 8 septic nonunions in the case series. Patient's history, fracture characteristics, previous interventions, and types of nonunion were recorded. The possible reason which might lead to nonunion was also analyzed for each case. Patients with aseptic nonunions were revised by hardware removal and compression plating with or without bone grafting. For septic nonunions, a two-stage surgery strategy was used. Compression plating with iliac crest bone grafting (ICBG) or free vascularized fibular grafting (FVFG) was used as the final treatment for septic nonunions. The compression technique and bone grafting method were individualized in each case according to the patient's history and architecture of the nonunion. Each patient finished at least a two-year follow-up, and all cases achieved healing uneventfully. Our study showed that compression plating with LCP was an effective method to treat diaphyseal nonunions of the tibia and the femur. It is compatible with different bone grafting methods for both infected and noninfected nonunions and is a good alternative to the current treatment methods for these nonunions.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Diáfises/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Fraturas não Consolidadas/cirurgia , Reoperação , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Parafusos Ósseos , Transplante Ósseo , Diáfises/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas não Consolidadas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 1): 307-316, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390996

RESUMO

Hierarchical dendrimer-based polyion complex (PIC) vesicles with multiple compartments have attracted considerable attention as functional delivery vehicles and nano-carriers. Formation of these vesicles relies on the electrostatic assembly of asymmetric polyelectrolytes, namely branched dendrimers with linear polyion-neutral diblock copolymers. However, successful incorporation of dendrimers in vesicle lamellae is challenging due to the compact structure of dendrimers, and therefore, vesicles reported so far are prepared mainly with low generation dendrimers which lack the cavity required for carrier functions. Here, we present a new assembly combination of amine-terminated dendrimer polyamidoamine (PAMAM) with polyion-neutral diblock copolymer poly (styrene sulphonate-b-ethylene oxide) (PSS-b-PEO). The strong charge interaction between the building blocks leads to stable and well-defined PIC vesicles that can tolerate not only different PSS block lengths but, more importantly, also different dendrimer generations from 2 to 7. As a consequence, high generation dendrimers with a cavity can be packed in the vesicle wall, and one obtains hierarchical PIC vesicles with multiple compartments, namely the dendrimer cavity for loading small hydrophobic cargo, and the vesicle lumen for encapsulating hydrophilic macromolecules. Our study demonstrates that combining proper building blocks enables to manipulate the charge interactions, which is essential for controlling the dendrimer packing and the formation of PIC vesicles. These findings should be helpful for understanding the assembly of asymmetric (linear / branched) polyelectrolyte complexes, as well as for designing new hierarchical PIC vesicles for controlled delivery of multiple active substances.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357774

RESUMO

It is of great importance to rationally design and develop earth-abundant nanocatalysts for high-efficiency water electrolysis. Herein, NiFe layered double hydroxide was in situ grown hydrothermally on a 3D graphite felt (NiFe LDH/GF) as a high-efficiency catalyst in facilitating the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). In 1.0 M KOH, NiFe LDH/GF requires a low overpotential of 214 mV to deliver a geometric current density of 50 mA cm-2 (η50 mA cm-2 = 214 mV), surpassing that NiFe LDH supported on a 2D graphite paper (NiFe LDH/GP; η50 mA cm-2 = 301 mV). More importantly, NiFe LDH/GF shows good durability at 50 mA cm-2 within 50 h of OER catalysis testing and delivers a faradaic efficiency of nearly 100% in the electrocatalysis of OER.

9.
Small ; : e2101671, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342939

RESUMO

Most transition metal-based catalysts for electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction (OER) undergo surface reconstruction to generate real active sites favorable for high OER performance. Herein, how to use self-reconstruction as an efficient strategy to develop novel and robust OER catalysts by designing pre-catalysts with flexible components susceptible to OER conditions is proposed. The NiFe-based layered double hydroxides (LDHs) intercalated with resoluble molybdate (MoO4 2- ) anions in interlayers are constructed and then demonstrated to achieve complete electrochemical self-reconstruction (ECSR) into active NiFe-oxyhydroxides (NiFeOOH) beneficial to alkaline OER. Various ex situ and in situ techniques are used to capture structural evolution process including fast dissolution of MoO4 2- and deep reconstruction to NiFeOOH upon simultaneous hydroxyl invasion and electro-oxidation. The obtained NiFeOOH exhibits an excellent OER performance with an overpotential of only 268 mV at 50 mA cm-1 and robust durability over 45 h, much superior to NiFe-LDH and commercial IrO2 benchmark. This work suggests that the ECSR engineering in component-flexible precursors is a promising strategy to develop highly active OER catalysts for energy conversion.

10.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-11, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219591

RESUMO

Background: There are some reports on association between maternal prenatal cooking oil fume (COF) exposure and preterm birth (PTB), but its mechanism remains poorly understood. Therefore, this study aims to assess whether placental weight mediates their associations.Method: We enrolled 619 pregnant women delivering PTB newborns as cases and 1701 delivering full-term appropriate for gestational age newborns as controls. They were inquired with a self-reported questionnaire about prenatal COF exposure, socio-demographics and obstetric characteristics at Women and Children's Hospitals of Shenzhen and Foshan. After controlling for the potential confounders, a series of logistic and linear regressions were conducted to assess associations among COF exposure, placental weight and PTB, and the mediation of placental weight in the association between COF exposure and PTB.Results: Maternal prenatal COF exposure was significantly associated with PTB and the frequency of prenatal COF exposure was negatively associated with placental weight. Compared with mother who never cooked, those cooking occasionally, sometimes or often increased the risk of PTB, and similarly, those cooking between half to an hour was also showed a higher risk of PTB. Typical Chinese cooking methods including stir-frying, pan-frying and deep-frying were also associated with PTB. Different oil types mainly used, including peanut oil, corn oil and animal oil were associated with PTB as well. Mediation analysis illustrated that placental weight partially mediated 13.60% (95% CI = 10.62-33.20%) of the effects on the association between the frequency of maternal prenatal COF exposure and PTB.Conclusion: Maternal cooking during pregnancy and the frequency of prenatal COF exposure might increase the risk of PTB, in which placenta might play mediation role.

11.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 99: 107922, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Senkyunolide I (SEI), a component of a Chinese herb named Ligusticum Chuanxiong hort, which is included in the formulation of Xuebijing Injection, a medication used to treat sepsis in China. Our previous study showed that SEI was protective against sepsis-associated encephalopathy and the present study was performed to investigate the role of SEI in sepsis-induced lung injury in a murine model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). METHODS: SEI (36 mg/kg in 200 µl) or vehicle was administered immediately after CLP surgery. The lung injury was assessed 24 h later by histopathological tests, protein concentration in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), neutrophil recruitment in the lung tissue (myeloperoxidase fluorescence, MPO), pro-inflammatory cytokines and oxidative responses. Platelet activation was detected by CD42d/GP5 immunofluorescence and neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) were determined by immunofluorescence assays and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of MPO-DNA. In vitro experiments were performed to detect the level of MPO-DNA complex released by SEI-treated neutrophils stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) or co-cultured with platelets from CLP mice. RESULTS: SEI administration relieved the injury degree in CLP mice according to the histopathological tests (P < 0.05 compared with DMSO + CLP group). Protein level in the BALF and neutrophil infiltration were remarkably reduced by SEI after CLP surgery (P < 0.05 compared with DMSO + CLP group). TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 were decreased in the plasma and lung tissues from CLP mice treated with SEI (P < 0.05 compared with DMSO + CLP group). The phosphorylation of JNK, ERK, p38 and p65 were all inhibited by SEI (P < 0.05 compared with DMSO + CLP group). Immunofluorescence of MPO showed that neutrophil number was significantly lower in SEI treated CLP mice than in vehicle treated CLP mice (P < 0.05). The CD42d/GP5 staining suggested that platelet activation was significantly reduced and the NET level in the lung tissue and plasma was greatly attenuated by SEI treatment (P < 0.05 compared with DMSO + CLP group). In vitro experiments showed that the MPO-DNA level stimulated by PMA was significantly reduced by SEI treatment (P < 0.05 compared with DMSO treatment). Co-culture neutrophils with platelets from CLP mice resulted in higher level of MPO-DNA complex, while SEI partly reversed such effects of platelet on NET formation. CONCLUSIONS: SEI was protective against lung injury induced by CLP in mice. The NET formation was significantly reduced by SEI treatment, which might be involved in the mechanism of the protective effect.

12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to develop and validate a deep learning approach based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for automatic detection of the mandibular third molar (M3) and the mandibular canal (MC) and evaluation of the relationship between them on CBCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dataset of 254 CBCT scans with annotations by radiologists was used for the training, the validation, and the test. The proposed approach consisted of two modules: (1) detection and pixel-wise segmentation of M3 and MC based on U-Nets; (2) M3-MC relation classification based on ResNet-34. The performances were evaluated with the test set. The classification performance of our approach was compared with two residents in oral and maxillofacial radiology. RESULTS: For segmentation performance, the M3 had a mean Dice similarity coefficient (mDSC) of 0.9730 and a mean intersection over union (mIoU) of 0.9606; the MC had a mDSC of 0.9248 and a mIoU of 0.9003. The classification models achieved a mean sensitivity of 90.2%, a mean specificity of 95.0%, and a mean accuracy of 93.3%, which was on par with the residents. CONCLUSIONS: Our approach based on CNNs demonstrated an encouraging performance for the automatic detection and evaluation of the M3 and MC on CBCT. Clinical relevance An automated approach based on CNNs for detection and evaluation of M3 and MC on CBCT has been established, which can be utilized to improve diagnostic efficiency and facilitate the precision diagnosis and treatment of M3.

13.
Bioresour Technol ; 338: 125493, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273625

RESUMO

Carbon materials are promising in improving the performance of anaerobic digestion, however, interactive mechanisms between the carbon-based enhancement and operating parameters remained unclear. Using anaerobic digested sludge as inoculum, the effects of Taihu blue algae biochar (ABC) on methanogenesis at different inoculation ratios were investigated during sludge anaerobic digestion. Results showed that ABC enhanced methane productions at the lower inoculation ratios (4% and 1%, v/v), but not at the higher ratio (10%, v/v). Mechanism analysis demonstrated methanogenic improvements at the lower inoculation ratios were not owing to initial organic loading rate increments. Otherwise, ABC addition at the lower inoculation ratios were more favorable for the enrichment of Methanosarcina than the higher ratio, which might be benefit for methanogenesis through directed interspecies electron transfer. Thus, for the improvement of sludge anaerobic digestion, the microbial enrichments at different inoculation ratios would be more important than the merely biochar addition.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Carvão Vegetal , Metano
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15116, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302013

RESUMO

Poor growth and disease transmission of small sea urchins Strongylocentrotus intermedius in summer greatly hamper the production efficiency of the longline culture. Reducing the adverse effects of high stocking density while maintaining high biomass is essential to address these problems. Here, we conducted a laboratory experiment to simulate the multi-layer culture for sea urchins at ambient high temperatures (from 22.2 to 24.5 °C) in summer for ~ 7 weeks. Survival, body size, lantern growth, gut weight, food consumption, Aristotle's lantern reflex, 5-hydroxytryptamine concentration, pepsin activity and gut morphology were subsequently evaluated. The present study found that multi-layer culture led to significantly larger body size than those without multi-layer culture (the control group). This was probably because of the greater feeding capacity (indicated by lantern growth and Aristotle's lantern reflex) and food digestion (indicated by morphology and pepsin activity of gut) in the multi-layer cultured sea urchins. These results indicate that multi-layer is an effective approach to improving the growth efficiency of sea urchins at high temperatures. We assessed whether eliminating interaction further improve these commercially important traits of sea urchins in multi-layer culture. This study found that eliminating interactions displayed greater body size and Aristotle's lantern reflex than those not separated in the multi-layer culture. This approach also significantly reduced the morbidity compared with the control group. These novel findings indicate that eliminating interactions in multi-layer culture greatly contributes to the growth and disease prevention of sea urchins at high temperatures. The present study establishes a new technique for the longline culture of sea urchins in summer and provides valuable information into the longline culture management of other commercially important species (e.g. scallops, abalones and oysters).

15.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 434-446, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180188

RESUMO

Motor imagery (MI) is an important paradigm of driving brain computer interface (BCI). However, MI is not easy to control or acquire, and the performance of MI-BCI depends heavily on the performance of the subjects' MI. Therefore, the correct execution of MI mental activities, ability evaluation and improvement methods play important and even critical roles in the improvement and application of MI-BCI system's performance. However, in the research and development of MI-BCI, the existing researches mainly focus on the decoding algorithm of MI, but do not pay enough attention to the above three aspects of MI mental activities. In this paper, these problems of MI-BCI are discussed in detail, and it is pointed out that the subjects tend to use visual motor imagery as kinesthetic motor imagery. In the future, we need to develop some objective, quantitatively visualized MI ability evaluation methods, and develop some effective and less time-consumption training methods to improve MI ability. It is also necessary to solve the differences and commonness of MI problems between and within individuals and MI-BCI illiteracy to a certain extent.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Algoritmos , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Imagens, Psicoterapia , Imaginação
16.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 286, 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34157966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brassica napus is an essential crop for oil and livestock feed. Eventually, this crop's economic interest is at the most risk due to anthropogenic climate change. DELLA proteins constitute a significant repressor of plant growth to facilitate survival under constant stress conditions. DELLA proteins lack DNA binding domain but can interact with various transcription factors or transcription regulators of different hormonal families. Significant progress has been made on Arabidopsis and cereal plants. However, no comprehensive study regarding DELLA proteins has been delineated in rapeseed. RESULTS: In our study, we have identified 10 BnaDELLA genes. All of the BnaDELLA genes are closely related to five AtDELLA genes, suggesting a relative function and structure. Gene duplication and synteny relationship among Brassica. napus, Arabidopsis. thaliana, Brassica rapa, Brassica oleracea, and Brassica nigra genomes were also predicted to provide valuable insights into the BnaDELLA gene family evolutionary characteristics. Chromosomal mapping revealed the uneven distribution of BnaDELLA genes on eight chromosomes, and site-specific selection assessment proposes BnaDELLA genes purifying selection. The motifs composition in all BnaDELLA genes is inconsistent; however, every BnaDELLA gene contains 12 highly conserved motifs, encoding DELLA and GRAS domains. The two known miRNAs (bna-miR6029 and bna-miR603) targets BnaC07RGA and BnaA09GAI, were also predicted. Furthermore, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis has exhibited the BnaDELLA genes diverse expression patterns in the root, mature-silique, leaf, flower, flower-bud, stem, shoot-apex, and seed. Additionally, cis-acting element prediction shows that all BnaDELLA genes contain light, stress, and hormone-responsive elements on their promoters. The gene ontology (GO) enrichment report indicated that the BnaDELLA gene family might regulate stress responses. Combine with transcriptomic data used in this study, we detected the distinct expression patterns of BnaDELLA genes under biotic and abiotic stresses. CONCLUSION: In this study, we investigate evolution feature, genomic structure, miRNAs targets, and expression pattern of the BnaDELLA gene family in B. napus, which enrich our understanding of BnaDELLA genes in B. napus and suggests modulating individual BnaDELLA expression is a promising way to intensify rapeseed stress tolerance and harvest index.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/genética , Genes de Plantas/genética , Brassica napus/fisiologia , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Evolução Molecular , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , MicroRNAs/genética , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia , RNA de Plantas/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência , Estresse Fisiológico , Transcriptoma
17.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 315, 2021 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our goal was to determine the accuracy of 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) compared with that of computed tomography (CT) in the preoperative evaluation for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) when the errors caused by inconsistent software and method have been eliminated and the representativeness of the sample has been improved. We also investigated the influence of aortic root calcification on the accuracy of 3D-TEE in aortic annulus evaluations. METHODS: Part I: 45 of 233 patients who underwent TAVR in the department of cardiovascular surgery at the Xijing hospital from January 2016 to August 2019 were studied retrospectively. Materialise Mimics software and the multiplanar reconstruction method were used for evaluation, based on 3D-TEE and CT. The annulus area-derived diameter, the annulus perimeter-derived diameter (Dp), the annulus mean diameter, the left ventricular outflow tract Dp diameter, the sinotubular junction (STJ) diameter-Dp, and the aortic sinus diameter were compared and analyzed. Part II: 31 of 233 patients whose 3D-TEE and CT data were well preserved and in the required format were included. HU450 and HU850 were used as indicators to measure the severity of calcification. The Spearman rank correlation and Linear regression were used to analyze the correlation between aortic root calcification and the accuracy of 3D-TEE in aortic annulus measurement. RESULTS: The measurement results based on 3D-TEE were significantly lower than those obtained using CT (P < 0.05), except for the STJ diameter-Dp in diastole (P = 0.11). The correlation coefficient of the two groups was 0.699-0.954 (P < 0.01), which also indicated a significant correlation between the two groups. A Bland-Altman plot showed that the ordinate values were mostly within the 95% consistency limit; the consistency of the two groups was good. By establishing the linear regression equation, the two groups can be inferred from each other. The Spearman rank correlation analysis and the Linear regression analysis showed that the influence of aortic calcification on the accuracy of the 3D-TEE annulus evaluation was limited. CONCLUSIONS: Although an evaluation based on 3D-TEE underestimated the results, we can deduce CT results from 3D-TEE because the two methods exhibit considerable correlation and consistency. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Name: Surgery and Transcatheter Intervention for Structural Heart Diseases. Number: NCT02917980. URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=NCT02917980 .


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Calcinose/cirurgia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 12(5): e00355, 2021 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018491

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the rates of complications and diagnostic yield of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) in deceased donor liver transplant (DDLT) recipients. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2019, 1,055 TJLBs were performed in 603 adult DDLT recipients with a mean age of 54 (±12 years). Data were retrospectively reviewed to determine the diagnostic efficacy and incidence of major and minor complications in the 3-day and 1-month period after TJLB. In addition, data were stratified according to platelet count and international normalized ratio to determine the safety of TJLB in patients with varying degrees of coagulopathy. RESULTS: TJLB yielded diagnostic rate of 98.1% (1,035/1,055), with an overall complication rate of 8.3% (88/1,055). Major complications accounted for 0.85% (9/1,055), and minor complications occurred in 7.48% (79/1,055). When patients were stratified by platelet count (0-50, 51-100, 101-200, 201-300, and >300 × 103 platelets/µL), no significant difference was noted in complication rates (9.5%, 8.6%, 7.6%, 8.5%, and 10.7%, respectively). When grouped by international normalized ratio (0-1, 1.1-2.0, 2.1-3.0, and >3.0), there was no statistical difference in complication rates (8.3%, 8.5%, 7.7%, and 0%, respectively). DISCUSSION: TJLB is a safe, adequate, and effective method to investigate hepatic disorders in DDLT recipients with severe coagulopathy.


Assuntos
Biópsia/efeitos adversos , Biópsia/métodos , Transplante de Fígado , Fígado/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/complicações , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Veias Jugulares , Hepatopatias/complicações , Hepatopatias/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9985, 2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976309

RESUMO

Interaction among sea urchins remains largely uninvestigated, although the aggregation of sea urchins is common. In the present study, 1, 15 and 30 sea urchins Strongylocentrotus intermedius (11.06 ± 0.99 mm in test diameter) were placed in a 1 m2 circular tank, respectively. Movement behaviors were recorded for 12 min to investigate potential interactions among sea urchins. After the 12-min control period, we added food cues into the tank and recorded the changes in sea urchins' behaviors. For the first time, we here quantified the interactions among sea urchins in laboratory and found that the interactions varied with food cues and with different densities. The sea urchins dispersed in random directions after being released. There was no significant difference in the movement speed and the displacement of sea urchins among the three density groups (1, 15 and 30 ind/m2). The interaction occurred when sea urchins randomly contacted with the conspecifics and slowed down the movement speed. The speed of sea urchins after physical contacts decreased by an average of 40% in the density of 15 ind/m2 and 17% in the density of 30 ind/m2. This interaction resulted in significantly higher randomness in the movement direction and lower movement linearity in 15 and 30 ind/m2 than in 1 ind/m2. After the introduction of food cues, the movement speed, displacement and dispersal distance of sea urchin groups decreased significantly in all the three densities. The dispersal distance and expansion speed of sea urchins were significantly lower in 30 ind/m2 than those in 15 ind/m2. The present study indicates that the interaction among sea urchins limits the movement of individual sea urchin and provides valuable information into how large groups of sea urchins are stable in places where food is plentiful.

20.
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int ; 20(3): 207-214, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibrosis results from inflammation and healing following injury. The imbalance between extracellular matrix (ECM) secretion and degradation leads to the ECM accumulation and liver fibrosis. This process is regulated by immune cells. T lymphocytes, including alpha beta (αß) T cells, which have adaptive immune functions, and gamma delta (γδ) T cells, which have innate immune functions, are considered regulators of liver fibrosis. This review aimed to present the current understanding of the cross-talk between T lymphocytes and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which are the key cells in liver fibrosis. DATA SOURCES: The keywords "liver fibrosis", "immune", and "T cells" were used to retrieve articles published in PubMed database before January 31, 2020. RESULTS: The ratio of CD8+ (suppressor) T cells to CD4+ (helper) T cells is significantly higher in the liver than in the peripheral blood. T cells secrete a series of cytokines and chemokines to regulate the inflammation in the liver and the activation of HSCs to influence the course of liver fibrosis. In addition, HSCs also regulate the differentiation and proliferation of T cells. CONCLUSIONS: The cross-talk between T cells and HSCs regulates liver fibrosis progression. The elucidation of this communication process will help us to understand the pathological process of liver fibrosis.

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