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1.
Cytokine ; 126: 154868, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629110

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a common malignant disease, nearly 2.09 million new patients occurred last year. Approximately 85% of the patients are classified as non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It is therefore important to identify new diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for the early detection of this disease. The presented study identifies biomarkers in the serum of NSCLC patients. The expression of 274 cytokines was measured by a novel antibody array methodology and ELISA was applied to validate the array results. The levels of MIP-1 α, IL-8, MIP-1 ß, Resistin, GDF-15, HGF, CA125, FLRG, VCAM-1, DKK-3, sTNF-R1, CTACK, Acrp30, CXCL-16 and LYVE-1 were significantly higher in serum from NSCLC patients, while the level of TIMP-2 and IGFBP-6 were lower. More importantly, the validation supported the result of the antibody array. The result of the antibody array indicates that these cytokines might be novel auxiliary biomarkers in the diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC.

2.
Neuropsychologia ; 137: 107286, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786222

RESUMO

Empathy is essential for social interactions and individual development. Through the empathy field, the domain could be divided into three subgroups according to the stimulus materials adopted in tasks: empathy towards physical pain (PhyE), empathy towards emotional situations (ESuE) and towards emotional faces (ExpE). By far, no empirical studies directly compared the neural correlates underlying three sub-domains. The current study, therefore, utilized ALE meta-analysis to identify the general and distinct neural correlates underlying three sub-domains of empathy. The results revealed the conjunction in bilateral supplementary motor areas which were generally activated across three sub-domains. Preferential correlates for PhyE were found in bilateral IPL, left middle cingulate cortex and left anterior insula, which were associated with pain, action and somatosensory functions. Left middle temporal gyrus was found to be preferentially engaged for ESuE. And the preferential activations for ExpE were identified in right amygdala and right dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex, the regions of which were statistically associated with functional Neurosynth terms "facial expression", "face", "emotion" and "social". Through the current meta-analyses, we firstly indicated that the domain-general and domain-preferential neural correlates potentially exist to underlie the processing of empathy evoked by different types of stimuli.

3.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(1): 798-811, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811609

RESUMO

This meta-analysis aimed to comprehensively assess the effects of long-term air pollution exposure on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Studies were selected from three electronic databases. Random- or fixed-effect model was used to obtain the pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and corresponding 95% confidential intervals (CIs). Stratified analyses by regions of the studies and length of follow-up were conducted to assess the effects in different subgroups. Sensitivity analyses by omitted studies one by one, as well as adjusting certain confounding factors, were also conducted. The search resulted in 1878 studies, among which 16 studies with 18 cohorts were included. The incidence of T2DM was significantly associated with 10 µg/m3 increase of PM2.5 (overall HR = 1.11, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.19) and PM10 (overall HR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.23) exposure. Stratified analyses confirmed that PM2.5 was significantly associated with increased T2DM incidence in American countries but not European countries. The results in the long follow-up subgroup also confirmed that exposure of PM2.5 and PM10 was associated with increased T2DM incidence. Interestingly, educational level and gender could potentially affect the impacts of PM10 and PM2.5 on T2DM incidence. The findings show long-term exposure to PM2.5, and PM10 could significantly increase the incidence of T2DM, especially in cohorts with long follow-up time.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109905, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706245

RESUMO

Cooking oil fumes-derived PM2.5 (COFs-derived PM2.5) is the main source of indoor pollution. Exposure to COFs-derived PM2.5 can cause oxidative stress and affect angiogenesis. Here we investigated the roles of vitamin D3 (VD3) in protecting tubule formation injury induced by COFs-derived PM2.5, and the roles of ROS/NLRP3/VEGF signaling pathway in the effects. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were exposed to 0 (1‰ DMSO), 1000 nmol/l VD3, 100 µg/ml PM2.5, and 1000 nmol/l VD3 + 100 µg/ml PM2.5, respectively. Cell viability and tube formation, as well as protein and mRNA levels were measured. The results showed that exposure of COFs-derived PM2.5 dose-and time-dependently reduced the viability of HUVECs, increased the levels of mitochondrial and intracellular ROS, and changed the mitochondrial membrane potential level. While co-incubation with VD3 rescued these adverse effects. Both Western blot and real-time PCR (RT-PCR) showed that the expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1, Interleukin (IL)-1ß, and IL-18 in COFs-derived PM2.5 exposure group increased significantly, which could be effectively decreased by co-incubation with VD3. COFs-derived PM2.5 exposure could also reduce the expression of VEGF, while co-incubating HUVECs with VD3 evidently up-regulated the protein level of VEGF in HUVECs. In addition, COFs-derived PM2.5 could also inhibit the tube formation of HUVECs in vitro, which could be effectively rescued by the co-incubation of VD3. Our study proved that COFs-derived PM2.5 could damage the tubule formation of HUVECs in vitro, which could be effectively rescue by co-incubation with VD3, in which processes the ROS/NLRP3/VEGF signaling pathway played a crucial role. It provides a new theoretical basis for further study on the toxicity of PM2.5 to umbilical cord blood vessels.


Assuntos
Colecalciferol/farmacologia , Culinária , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Veias Umbilicais/citologia , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamanho da Partícula , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Veias Umbilicais/efeitos dos fármacos , Veias Umbilicais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
5.
Chemistry ; 26(13): 2798-2802, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867759

RESUMO

Cost-competitive perovskite fluoride KZnF3 has been introduced for the first time as an advanced anode for high-performance lithium-based dual-ion batteries, exhibiting conversion/alloying hybrid mechanisms and dominated pseudocapacitive kinetics for Li-ion storage.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 1): 113146, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522001

RESUMO

In wheat production areas of China, soil lead (Pb) pollution is generally accompanied by cadmium (Cd) pollution and it is of considerable significance in repairing the Cd and Pb co-contaminated soils for safe agronomic production. Organosilicon fertilizer (OSiF) is a new type of silicon (Si) fertilizer that can effectively alleviate heavy metal toxicity in plants, but the mechanisms on its heavy metal detoxification are poorly understood. A soil pot experiment was conducted to evaluate and compare the effects of two OSiFs (OSiFA and OSiFB) and an inorganic silicon fertilizer (InOSiF) on wheat heavy metal uptake and biochemical parameters in a Cd and Pb co-contaminated soil. The results demonstrated that OSiFA, OSiFB and InOSiF could alleviate the Cd and Pb toxicity of wheat, as indicated by increasing wheat grain yield by 65%, 45% and 22%, respectively. The Si fertilizers enhanced leaf gas exchange attributes and chlorophyll content, whereas diminished the oxidative damage, as indicated by a lower level of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and lower activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity, as compared with control. Adding OSiFA, OSiFB and InOSiF increased Si uptake in roots and shoots, thus reducing Cd and Pb accumulation in the wheat shoot, bran and flour, especially, flour Cd contents by 17%, 10% and 31% respectively, flour Pb contents by 74%, 53% and 48% respectively. Also, Si fertilizers application decreased the health risk index (HRI) of both Cd and Pb. The grey correlation degrees of OSiFA, OSiFB and InOSiF are 0.72, 0.77 and 0.61, respectively, indicating that the effects of OSiFs on detoxifying Cd and Pb could be better than that of InOSiF in wheat. Thus, the use of OSiFs might be a feasible approach to reduce Cd and Pb entry into the human body through crops.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Chumbo/metabolismo , Silício/farmacologia , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , China , Clorofila/metabolismo , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Medição de Risco , Solo/química , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Triticum/metabolismo
8.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(8): 3399-3410, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559044

RESUMO

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Few effective biomarkers for lung adenocarcinoma have been adapted for clinical practice to assist in prognosis evaluation and treatment plan implementation. Our study's goal was to find a new biological marker associated with the prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma after curative resection and the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT). Methods: Using the clinical information and RNA-Seq expression from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, prognostic genes were screened out and analyzed by Subpopulation Treatment Effect Pattern Plot (STEPP) in GSE42127 to filter out the drug-related gene. The relationship between the gene expression and clinicopathological parameters was assessed in the TCGA database. The prognostic significance was evaluated by Cox proportional hazards (PHs) regression analysis with 1,000 bootstrap replications. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed using high-throughput RNA sequencing data in TCGA and functional gene sets derived from the Molecular Signatures Database (MSigDB). Results: A total of 297 prognostic genes were analyzed by STEPP in GSE42127. The results indicated a beneficial effect of adjuvant paclitaxel-carboplatin in patients with high TMEM213 expression. Its expression correlated with gender (P=0.013), and Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with high TMEM213 expression had significantly longer overall survival (OS) (P=0.014, 0.027, and 0.000). Multivariate analysis showed TMEM213 to be an independent predictor for improved OS of patients (P=0.020), and the result was verified with the bootstrapping methodology and online "Kaplan-Meier Plotter" database analysis. Moreover, enriched pathway analysis indicated that TMEM213 expression was associated with the two gene sets of KEGG_DRUG_METABOLISM_CYTOCHROME_P450 and KEGG_ABC_TRANSPORTERS. Conclusions: Based on bioinformatics analysis, we found that TMEM213 expression independently predicted better OS for lung adenocarcinoma. Patients in the high TMEM213 group appear to benefit more from adjuvant paclitaxel-carboplatin, but this needs further validation.

9.
Int J Biometeorol ; 63(10): 1437-1447, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385092

RESUMO

China is among the countries with the worst air quality throughout the world. As PM2.5 was not included in the national air quality monitoring network before January 2013 in China, no study has investigated the associations of ambient PM2.5 and O3 with cardiovascular mortality in Hefei, China. In this time-series analysis, Poisson regression in generalized additive model was adopted to assess the associations between the air pollutants and cardiovascular mortality during the 2013-2015 in Hefei, China. The findings showed that the daily average level of PM2.5 and O3 was 77.8 µg/m3 and 60.1 µg/m3 in the study period, respectively. PM2.5 and O3 exposure tended to increase cardiovascular mortality, but the associations were statistically insignificant. Further stratified analyses by seasons showed that with every 10 µg/m3 increase of PM2.5 in the cold season (October-March), the risk of cardiovascular death increased by 0.22% (95% CI 0.05%, 0.39%); while every 10 µg/m3 increase of O3 in the warm season (April-September), the risk of cardiovascular death increased by 1.29% (95% CI 0.26%, 2.33%) on Lag0. Interestingly, stratified analysis by gender showed that the associations of PM2.5, but not O3 exposure, could significantly increase cardiovascular mortality in females, but not males. The findings of this study especially underscored the adverse associations of PM2.5 and O3 exposure with females in specific seasons. More studies are needed to verify our findings and further investigate the underlying mechanisms. Graphical Abstract.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , China , Feminino , Material Particulado , Estações do Ano
10.
Chem Asian J ; 14(19): 3264-3268, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437354

RESUMO

A visible-light mediated multicomponent cascade reaction of diselenides, alkynes, and sulfur dioxide was developed, in which multiple C-Se and C-S bonds were constructed, and unexpected ß-sulfonylvinylselane compounds were generated with high selectivity for E configuration. ß-Sulfonylvinylselane transformation into 1,4-oxathiine-4,4-dioxide and sulfonylethyne derivates was then investigated. A plausible mechanism involving a selenium radical-initiated cascade reaction and sulfur dioxide insertion was proposed.

11.
J Food Drug Anal ; 27(3): 623-631, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324279

RESUMO

Trillions of microbes have evolved with and continue to live on human beings. With the rapid advances in tools and technology in recent years, new knowledge and insight in cross-talk between the microbes and their hosts have gained. It is the aim of this work to critically review and summarize recent literature reports on the role of microbiota and mechanisms involved in the progress and development of major human diseases, which include obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), gout, depression and arthritis, as well as infant health and longevity.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2799-2805, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359693

RESUMO

To establish and validate the design space of the Digeda-4 flavored decoction( DGD-4D) extraction process by using the quality by design( Qb D) concept. With DGD-4D decoction pieces as a model drug,with the transfer rate of aesculin,picroside I,picroside Ⅱ,geniposide and the yield of extract as critical quality attributes( CQAs),the single factor experiment design was used to determine the level of each factor; the Plackett-Burman experiment design was used to select the critical process parameters( CPPs);and the Box-Behnken experiment design was used to optimize the extraction process. The design space of the DGD-4D extraction process was established,and finally,four experimental points were selected to verify the established model. The single factor experiment determined the levels of each factor,including soaking time 60 min and 30 min,water adding volume 12 times and 8 times,extraction time 90 min and 30 min,number of extraction times 3 times and 1 time,as well as extraction temperature 100 ℃ and 90 ℃.By Plackett-Burman experimental design,the DGD-4D water addition,extraction time and number of extraction times were determined to be CPPs. The Box-Behnken experimental variance analysis showed that P of the regression model was less than 0. 01 and the misstated value was more than 0. 01,indicating that the model had good predictive ability,and the operation space of CPPs in the DGD-4D extraction process was determined as follows: the amount of water addition was 10-12 times; extraction time 50-80 min; and number of extraction times was 3 times. The design space of DGD-4D extraction process based on the concept of Qb D is conducive to improving the stability of product quality and laying a foundation for the future development of DGD-4D.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Projetos de Pesquisa
13.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 40(11): 1466-1479, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316176

RESUMO

Recently, inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) and some IAP antagonists were found to regulate autophagy, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. WX20120108 is an analogue of GDC-0152 (a known IAP antagonist) and displays more potent anti-tumor and autophagy-regulating activity in tumor cells, we investigated the regulatory mechanisms underlying WX20120108-induced autophagy. Using molecular docking and fluorescence polarization anisotropy (FPA) competitive assay, we first demonstrated that WX20120108, acting as an IAP antagonist, bound to the XIAP-BIR3, XIAP BIR2-BIR3, cIAP1 BIR3, and cIAP2 BIR3 domains with high affinities. In six cancer cell lines, WX20120108 inhibited the cell proliferation with potencies two to ten-fold higher than that of GDC-0152. In HeLa and MDA-MB-231 cells, WX20120108 induced caspase-dependent apoptosis and activated TNFα-dependent extrinsic apoptosis. On the other hand, WX20120108 induced autophagy in HeLa and MDA-MB-231 cells in dose- and time-dependent manners. We revealed that WX20120108 selectively activated Foxo3, evidenced by Foxo3 nuclear translocation in both gene modified cell line and HeLa cells, as well as the upregulated expression of Foxo3-targeted genes (Bnip3, Pik3c3, Atg5, and Atg4b), which played a key role in autophagy initiation. WX20120108-induced autophagy was significantly suppressed when Foxo3 gene was silenced. WX20120108 dose-dependently increased the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HeLa cells, and WX20120108-induced Foxo3 activation was completely blocked in the presence of catalase, a known ROS scavenger. However, WX20120108-induced ROS generation was not affected by cIAP1/2 or XIAP gene silencing. In conclusion, WX20120108-induced autophagy relies on activating ROS-Foxo3 pathway, which is independent of IAPs. This finding provides a new insight into the mechanism of IAP antagonist-mediated regulation of autophagy.

14.
Biol Psychol ; 146: 107728, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306692

RESUMO

The perception of surprised faces is demonstrably modulated by emotional context. However, the influence of self-relevance and its interaction with emotional context have not been explored. The present study investigated the effects of contextual valence and self-reference on the perception of surprised faces. Our results revealed that faces in a negative context elicited a larger N170 than those in a neutral context. The EPN was affected by the interaction between contextual valence and self-reference, with larger amplitudes for faces in self-related positive contexts and sender-related negative contexts. Additionally, LPP amplitudes were enhanced for faces in negative contexts relative to neutral and positive contexts, as well as for self-related contexts in comparison to sender-related contexts. Together, these findings help to elucidate the psychophysiological mechanisms underlying the effects of emotional and self-referential contexts on the perception of surprised faces, which are characterized by distinctive ERPs.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Expressão Facial , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Eletroencefalografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estimulação Luminosa , Adulto Jovem
15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 182: 109389, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272027

RESUMO

Simvastatin (SV), as an hypocholesterolaemic drug, has been detected in various aquatic environment. However, limited information is available on the effects of SV on freshwater invertebrates. In the present study, we investigated the toxic effects of SV on Daphnia. magna (D. magna) through measuring the physiological changes (e.g., survival, growth rate, and reproduction) in a 21-d chronic toxicity test We also determined the expression of seven detoxification and reproduction-related genes (i.e. HR96, P-gp, CYP360A8, GST, CYP314, EcR and Vtg) and several enzymes (i.e. APND, ERND, GST and CAT) in a acute test (24 h). Results showed that high concentration (e.g. 50 µg L-1) of SV for short time exposure (e.g. 24 h) significantly induced the expression of HR96 and P-gp (e.g. up to 2.5 folds)and enzymes (e.g. increasing 4.0 folds for ERND and GST activity) in D. magna.. The long-term chronic exposure (21 days) may cause the changes of life history parameters such as decreasing total egg production number per individual and intrinsic growth rates etc. SV may act as a potential endocrine disruptor to D. magna and the reproduction parameters were more sensitive endpoints than the survival and growth for evaluating SV exposure.


Assuntos
Daphnia , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Sinvastatina/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Daphnia/efeitos dos fármacos , Daphnia/enzimologia , Daphnia/genética , Inativação Metabólica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Metabólica/genética , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Reprodução/genética , Testes de Toxicidade Crônica
16.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 3029-3041, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31114349

RESUMO

Background: Body mass index (BMI) has been associated with a risk of esophageal cancer. However, the influence of BMI and BMI loss on people with esophageal cancer that were treated with different therapies has not been described in China. Methods: In total, 615 consecutive patients that underwent esophagectomy and/or chemotherapy/radiotherapy were classified according to the Asian-specific BMI (kg/m2) cutoff values. The impact of BMI and BMI loss on long-term overall survival (OS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard models. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that overweight and obese patients had a more favorable survival than normal weight and underweight patients (p=0.017). Patients with a low BMI and high BMI loss before therapy had worse OS than others (p=0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that patients with a high BMI were more likely to suffer hypertension (p<0.001) and receive only surgery (p<0.001), and they were less likely to be smokers (p=0.007) and anemic (p<0.001). Conversely, patients with high BMI loss were more likely to be anemic (p=0.001), to have advanced pathological stage (p=0.012), and to receive chemotherapy and radiotherapy (p=0.001). Moreover, the mortality rate was higher when patients had a high BMI loss. There is no survival benefit of higher BMI in the non-esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) group. Conclusion: Pretreatment BMI was an independent prognostic factor for long-term survival in esophageal cancer patients treated with different treatments. The overall survival was increased in esophageal cancer patients with a high pretreatment BMI and no BMI loss. There is no survival benefit of higher BMI in the non-ESCC group.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(47): 6739-6742, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119250

RESUMO

A vacancy defective perovskite Na0.85Ni0.45Co0.55F3.56 nanocrystal (NNCF) has been introduced as an advanced anode for Li-ion capacitors (LICs), Li-ion batteries (LIBs) and Li-dual-ion batteries (Li-DIBs), exhibiting the surface conversion and insertion hybrid mechanisms for Li-ion storage.

18.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 356, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cadmium (Cd)-containing chemicals can cause serious damage to biological systems. In animals and plants, Cd exposure can lead to metabolic disorders or death. However, for the most part the effects of Cd on specific biological processes are not known. DNA methylation is an important mechanism for the regulation of gene expression. In this study we examined the effects of Cd exposure on global DNA methylation in a living organism by whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) using Drosophila melanogaster as model. RESULTS: A total of 71 differentially methylated regions and 63 differentially methylated genes (DMGs) were identified by WGBS. A total of 39 genes were demethylated in the Cd treatment group but not in the control group, whereas 24 showed increased methylation in the former relative to the latter. In most cases, demethylation activated gene expression: genes such as Cdc42 and Mekk1 were upregulated as a result of demethylation. There were 37 DMGs that overlapped with differentially expressed genes from the digital expression library including baz, Act5C, and ss, which are associated with development, reproduction, and energy metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: DNA methylation actively regulates the physiological response to heavy metal stress in Drosophila in part via activation of apoptosis.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Metilação de DNA , Drosophila melanogaster/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Drosophila melanogaster/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Genômica , Sulfitos/química , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos
19.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 69: 112-119, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026735

RESUMO

In China, cooking oil fume derived fine particulate matter (COF-derived PM2.5) is a principal source of indoor air pollution. Here, we investigated cytotoxicity of COF-derived PM2.5, as well as the roles of VEGF, VEGFR2, MEK1/2, ERK1/2, and mTOR cascade in the inhibitory effects of COF-derived PM2.5, on angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). After exposure to COF-derived PM2.5, cell viability and tube formation, as well as protein and mRNA levels of VEGF, VEGFR2, MEK1/2, ERK1/2, and mTOR in HUVECs were measured. Cell viability and number of tubes reduced dose-dependently after COF-derived PM2.5 and SU5416 treatment. In addition, SU5416 and VEGF significantly affected tube formation. The protein and mRNA levels of VEGF, VEGFR2, MEK1/2, ERK1/2, and mTOR all tended to reduce with the increase of COF-derived PM2.5 concentrations. These findings demonstrate that VEGF, VEGFR2, MEK1/2, ERK1/2, and mTOR play key roles in COF-derived PM2.5 induced inhibition of angiogenesis in HUVECs.


Assuntos
Culinária , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/fisiologia , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/fisiologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia
20.
Aquat Toxicol ; 211: 73-80, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30954018

RESUMO

Paracetamol (APAP) is one of the most widely used anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs in human being health care and has been universally detected in various aquatic environments. However, its potential adverse effects and toxic mechanisms on freshwater invertebrates still remain unclear. In the present study, the effects of APAP on the expressions of Nrf1 and the antioxidant related genes including GCLC, GST, GPX, CAT, TRX, TrxR and Prx1 in Daphnia magna (D. magna) were evaluated after 24, 48 and 96 h, and the changes of GPX, GST and CAT enzyme activities, as well as the GSH and MDA content under APAP exposure for 48 h were also determined. Results showed that paracetamol affected the expressions of Nrf1 and antioxidant related genes in D. magna, which were related to the exposure time and concentration of APAP. Nrf1 was inhibited at 48 h, but induced at 96 h under the APAP exposure, being about two fold of the control in 5.0 µg/L. CAT were significantly induced in all treatments. But Prx decreased in an concentration-dependent manner in all treatments. In comparison with the mRNA expression, antioxidant enzymes activity displayed less changes in D. magna. Overall, APAP exposure altered the expression of Nrf1 and genes related to antioxidant system and disturbed the redox homeostasis of D. magna.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Daphnia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 1 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Daphnia/genética , Daphnia/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Água Doce/química , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/genética
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