Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 320
Filtrar
1.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(4): 2378-2384, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35371957

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the value of intraoperative frozen section examination (IFSE) in multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging/transrectal ultrasound (mpMRI/TRUS) fusion prostate biopsy in a major pandemic. Methods: A total of 35 patients were prospectively enrolled in our hospital from March 2020 to January 2021. The mpMRI/TRUS fusion system was used to perform a targeted biopsy, and the collected specimens were examined by IFSE (Observation Group 1). Then, a targeted biopsy was performed again for routine pathological examination (Observation Group 2). Finally, a systemic biopsy was performed, and the obtained specimens were routinely examined (Control Group). The positive rate, single core positive rate, Gleason score, and time to obtain pathological reports were compared between the groups. Results: The positive rate was 48.6% (17/35) in the control group, 48.6% (17/35) in Observation Group 1, and 51.4% (18/35) in Observation Group 2, showing no significant difference (P>0.05). The single core positive rates were 17.8%, 44.6%, and 47.1% in the Control Group, Observation Group 1, and Observation Group 2, respectively. Observation Group 1 and Observation Group 2 were significantly different from the Control Group (P<0.001). No participants in Observation Group 1 had increased or decreased Gleason scores compared with those in Observation Group 2. The time to obtain the pathological report was 0.025±0.014 days and 4.216±1.073 days for Observation Group 1 and Observation Group 2, respectively, showing a significant difference (P<0.001). Conclusions: This study showed that IFSE can not only rapidly obtain the pathological report of an mpMRI/TRUS biopsy, but can also ensure the accuracy of the pathological diagnosis. Trial Registration: CHICTR, Identifier: ChiCTR2000040789. Registered 10 December 2020 - Retrospectively registered, http://www.chictr.org.cn/edit.aspx?pid=63252&htm=4.

2.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2438, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508457

RESUMO

MAPK signaling modules play crucial roles in regulating numerous biological processes in all eukaryotic cells. How MAPK signaling specificity and strength are tightly controlled remains a major challenging question. In Arabidopsis stomatal development, the MAPKK Kinase YODA (YDA) functions at the cell periphery to inhibit stomatal production by activating MAPK 3 and 6 (MPK3/6) that directly phosphorylate stomatal fate-determining transcription factors for degradation in the nucleus. Recently, we demonstrated that BSL1, one of the four BSL protein phosphatases, localizes to the cell cortex to activate YDA, elevating MPK3/6 activity to suppress stomatal formation. Here, we showed that at the plasma membrane, all four members of BSL proteins contribute to the YDA activation. However, in the nucleus, specific BSL members (BSL2, BSL3, and BSU1) directly deactivate MPK6 to counteract the linear MAPK pathway, thereby promoting stomatal formation. Thus, the pivotal MAPK signaling in stomatal fate determination is spatially modulated by a signaling dichotomy of the BSL protein phosphatases in Arabidopsis, providing a prominent example of how MAPK activities are integrated and specified by signaling compartmentalization at the subcellular level.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Fenômenos Biológicos , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo
3.
Phytomedicine ; 101: 154120, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postmenopausal women have a high incidence of atherosclerosis. Phytosterols have been shown to have cholesterol-lowering properties. Alisa B 23-acetate (AB23A) is a biologically active plant sterol isolated from Chinese herbal medicine Alisma. However, the atherosclerosis effect of AB23A after menopause and its possible mechanism have not been reported yet. PURPOSE: To explore whether AB23A can prevent atherosclerosis by regulating farnesoid X receptor and subsequently increasing fecal bile acid and cholesterol excretion to reduce plasma cholesterol levels. METHODS: Aortic samples from premenopausal and postmenopausal women with ascending aortic arteriosclerosis were analyzed, and bilateral ovariectomized (OVX) female LDLR-/- mice and free fatty acid (FFA)-treated L02 cells were used to analyze the effect of AB23A supplementation therapy. RESULTS: AB23A increased fecal cholesterol and bile acids (BAs) excretion dependent on activation of hepatic farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in ovariectomized mice. AB23A inhibited hepatic cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and sterol 12α-hydroxylase (CYP8B1) via inducing small heterodimer partner (SHP) expression. On the other hand, AB23A increased the level of hepatic chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), and activated the hepatic BSEP signaling. The activation of hepatic FXR-BSEP signaling by AB23A in ovariectomized mice was accompanied by the reduction of liver cholesterol, hepatic lipolysis, and bile acids efflux, and reduced the damage of atherosclerosis. In vitro, AB23A fixed abnormal lipid metabolism in L02 cells and increased the expression of FXR, BSEP and SHP. Moreover, the inhibition and silencing of FXR canceled the regulation of BSEP by AB23A in L02 cells. CONCLUSION: Our results shed light into the mechanisms behind the cholesterol-lowering of AB23A, and increasing FXR-BSEP signaling by AB23A may be a potential postmenopausal atherosclerosis therapy.

4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(4): 1898-1907, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35393813

RESUMO

As an important food production area in the north of China, the Hetao plain is extremely vulnerable to nitrate pollution caused by agricultural production activities and additional factors. Thus, it is of great significance for the environmental protection and rational use of groundwater to detect the current situation of groundwater nitrate pollution, temporal and spatial evolution characteristics, and main influencing factors in the Hetao irrigation district. We selected the Wualte irrigation area as the study area, and the characteristics of temporal and spatial changes in groundwater nitrate concentration and the main influencing factors in this area were explored. We used statistical analysis to analyze the nitrogen content of groundwater in the study area, and the Piper three-line diagram was used to explore the characteristics of chemical composition and evolution; furthermore, we used ion ratio and correlation analysis methods to explore the source of NO3--N in groundwater. The results showed that NO3--N was the main existing form of nitrogen in the Wulate irrigation area, and its concentration varied from 0.01 to 60.00 mg·L-1, with an exceeding standard rate of 10.50%. In terms of time, the characteristic of time change was that the NO3--N concentration in August of groundwater was the highest (average 6.61 mg·L-1), followed by that in October (6.22 mg·L-1) and November (6.25 mg·L-1), and that in March (average value of 1.77 mg·L-1) was the lowest. With the influence of rainfall and irrigation, the NO3--N in the soil was infiltrated into the groundwater, showing the characteristic that wet season and concentrated irrigation periods were higher than those in other periods. Spatially, it appeared as southwest (8.87 mg·L-1)>northwest (4.25 mg·L-1)>east (0.89 mg·L-1), mainly due to the original geological conditions, land use, and domestic waste stacking. In addition, the concentration of NO3--N of groundwater in the study area was closely related to the depth of groundwater and redox conditions but was relatively less affected by the concentration of water chemical ions. Therefore, identifying the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics and main sources of groundwater nitrogen pollution can provide a scientific basis for scientific fertilization, groundwater nitrate pollution control, and water safety.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Água Subterrânea/química , Nitratos/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/análise , Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-12, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416756

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate whether lactating Hu sheep's dietary protein levels could generate dynamic effects on the performance of their offspring. Twelve ewes with similar parity were fed iso-energy diets which contained different protein levels (P1: 9.82%, P2: 10.99%) (n = 6), and the corresponding offspring were divided into SP1 and SP2 (n = 12). At 60 days, half of the lambs were harvested for further study: the carcass weight (p = 0.043) and dressing percentage (p = 0.004) in the SP2 group were significantly higher than SP1. The acetic acid (p = 0.007), propionic acid (p = 0.003), butyric acid (p < 0.001) and volatile fatty acids (p < 0.001) in rumen fluid of SP2 were significantly lower than SP1. The expression of MCT2 (p = 0.024), ACSS1 (p = 0.039) and NHE3 (p = 0.006) in the rumen of SP2 was lower than SP1, while the HMGCS1 (p = 0.026), HMGCR (p = 0.024) and Na+/K+-ATPase (p = 0.020) was higher than SP1. The three dominant phyla in the rumen are Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. The membrane transport, amino acid metabolism and carbohydrate metabolism of SP1 were relatively enhanced, the replication and repair function of SP2 was relatively enhanced. To sum up, the increase of dietary protein level significantly increased the carcass weight and dressing percentage of offspring and had significant effects on rumen volatile fatty acids, acetic acid activation and cholesterol synthesis related genes. HIGHLIGHTSIn the early feeding period, the difference in ADG of lambs was mainly caused by the sucking effect.The increase in dietary protein level of ewes significantly increased the carcass weight and dressing percentage of offspring.The dietary protein level of ewes significantly affected the volatile fatty acids (VFAs) and genes related to acetic acid activation and cholesterol synthesis in the rumen of their offspring.The membrane transport, amino acid metabolism and carbohydrate metabolism of the offspring of ewes fed with a low protein diet were relatively enhanced.The replication and repair function of the offspring of ewes fed with a high protein diet was relatively strengthened.

6.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 27(3): 106, 2022 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To observe the ultrastructural outcomes of autologous transplantation of retinal pigment epithelium-partial-thickness choroidal (RPE-PTC) sheets in rabbits after 6 months. METHODS: Eighteen pigmented rabbits were used in this study. Among them, nine rabbits were used for autologous transplantation of RPE-PTC sheets. Tissue sections were observed under a transmission electron microscope for one, three, and six months after transplantation, respectively. RESULTS: One, three, and six months after the autologous transplantation of RPE-PTC sheets, the inner and outer segments of photoreceptor cells were arranged regularly, and the connection between the inner and outer segments was normal. The inner structure of the RPE cells and tight junctions among them remained normal. Phagocytosis of outer segment of photoreceptor cells could also be observed in RPE cells. The structure of the Bruch's membrane appeared loose, rather than being dense as normal, and it was undulated after one and three months, while it became dense after six months. The graft and the bed were healed well, the boundary was unclear, and the graft was vascularized after one, three, and six months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings revealed that the RPE-PTC sheets could quickly rebuild blood vessels, thereby maintaining the normal physiological functions of RPE cells, as well as the survival and functional status of photoreceptor cells for a long-time.


Assuntos
Corioide , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina , Animais , Lâmina Basilar da Corioide/transplante , Lâmina Basilar da Corioide/ultraestrutura , Corioide/transplante , Corioide/ultraestrutura , Coelhos , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/transplante , Transplante Autólogo
7.
Comput Biol Med ; 144: 105340, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305504

RESUMO

The outbreak of COVID-19 has caused a severe shortage of healthcare resources. Ground Glass Opacity (GGO) and consolidation of chest CT scans have been an essential basis for imaging diagnosis since 2020. The similarity of imaging features between COVID-19 and other pneumonia makes it challenging to distinguish between them and affects radiologists' diagnosis. Recently, deep learning in COVID-19 has been mainly divided into disease classification and lesion segmentation, yet little work has focused on the feature correlation between the two tasks. To address these issues, in this study, we propose MultiR-Net, a 3D deep learning model for combined COVID-19 classification and lesion segmentation, to achieve real-time and interpretable COVID-19 chest CT diagnosis. Precisely, the proposed network consists of two subnets: a multi-scale feature fusion UNet-like subnet for lesion segmentation and a classification subnet for disease diagnosis. The features between the two subnets are fused by the reverse attention mechanism and the iterable training strategy. Meanwhile, we proposed a loss function to enhance the interaction between the two subnets. Individual metrics can not wholly reflect network effectiveness. Thus we quantify the segmentation results with various evaluation metrics such as average surface distance, volume Dice, and test on the dataset. We employ a dataset containing 275 3D CT scans for classifying COVID-19, Community-acquired Pneumonia (CAP), and healthy people and segmented lesions in pneumonia patients. We split the dataset into 70% and 30% for training and testing. Extensive experiments showed that our multi-task model framework obtained an average recall of 93.323%, an average precision of 94.005% on the classification test set, and a 69.95% Volume Dice score on the segmentation test set of our dataset.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pneumonia , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
8.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 1512, 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35314721

RESUMO

It has long been known that the thermal catalyst Cu/ZnO/Al2O3(CZA) can enable remarkable catalytic performance towards CO2 hydrogenation for the reverse water-gas shift (RWGS) and methanol synthesis reactions. However, owing to the direct competition between these reactions, high pressure and high hydrogen concentration (≥75%) are required to shift the thermodynamic equilibrium towards methanol synthesis. Herein, a new black indium oxide with photothermal catalytic activity is successfully prepared, and it facilitates a tandem synthesis of methanol at a low hydrogen concentration (50%) and ambient pressure by directly using by-product CO as feedstock. The methanol selectivities achieve 33.24% and 49.23% at low and high hydrogen concentrations, respectively.

9.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(7): 2307-2314, 2022 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) is an asymptomatic plasma cell proliferative disorder that can progress to multiple myeloma (MM). Amyloidosis (light chain) (AL) is the most common form of systemic amyloidosis. There are few reports of SMM coexisting with AL involving the digestive tract. CASE SUMMARY: A 63-year-old woman presented with lower limb edema, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and hematochezia. Gastroscopy showed gastric retention, gastric angler mucosal coarseness, hyperemia, and mild oozing of blood. Colonoscopy showed hyperemic and edematous mucosa of the distal ascending colon and sigmoid colon with the presence of multiple round and irregular ulcers, submucosal ecchymosis, and hematoma. Gastric and colonic tissue biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of AL by positive Congo red staining. MM was confirmed by bone marrow biopsy and immunohistochemistry. The patient had no hypercalcemia, renal dysfunction, anemia, bone lesions or biomarkers of malignancy defined as plasma cells > 60% in bone marrow. Additionally, no elevated serum free light chain ratio, or presence of bone marrow lesions by magnetic resonance imaging (SLiM criteria) were detected. The patient was finally diagnosed with SMM coexisting with AL. She received chemotherapy and was discharged when the symptoms were relieved. She is doing well at nearly five years of follow up. CONCLUSION: This case highlights that high index of suspicion is required to diagnose gastrointestinal AL. It should be suspected in elderly patients with endoscopic findings of granular-appearing mucosa, ecchymosis, and submucosal hematoma. Timely diagnosis and appropriate therapy can help to improve the prognosis of these patients.

10.
Neoplasma ; 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35330996

RESUMO

Clinical trials suggest that non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with KRAS mutations and wild-type EGFR have reduced benefits from gefitinib treatment. Ferroptosis is a new form of cell death that plays an important role in mediating the sensitivity of EGFR-TIKs. Here, we explored the antitumor ability of gefitinib in combination with betulin to overcome drug resistance through ferroptosis in wild-type EGFR/KRAS-mutant NSCLC cells. A549 and H460 cells were treated with gefitinib and betulin, and cell viability, apoptosis, and migration ability were assessed using the CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, and wound-healing assay, respectively. Several cell death inhibitors were used to study the form of cell death. Ferroptosis-related events were detected by performing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and iron level detection, malondialdehyde (MDA) assay, and glutathione (GSH) assay. EMT-associated proteins and ferroptosis-related proteins were detected by using western blotting. A xenograft model was constructed in vivo to investigate the role of the combination treatment of betulin and gefitinib in NSCLC tumor growth. Gefitinib in combination with betulin exhibited antagonistic effects on cellular viability and induced cell apoptosis. It also induced ROS accumulation, lipid peroxidation, and GSH depletion and induced ferroptosis-related gene expression. Moreover, ferroptosis inhibitors, but not inhibitors of other forms of cell death, abrogated the effect of gefitinib in combination with betulin. Moreover, it also inhibited the tumor growth of NSCLC in vivo. Our findings suggest that gefitinib in combination with betulin is a novel therapeutic approach to overcome gefitinib resistance in EGFR wild-type/KRAS-mutant NSCLC cells by inducing ferroptosis.

11.
J Org Chem ; 87(6): 4183-4194, 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35234480

RESUMO

Free radical carbochloromethylations of ortho-cyanoarylacrylamides and N-(arylsulfonyl)acrylamides have been developed by employing simple alkyl chlorides as the chloromethyl source. The transformations are characterized by wide functional group compatibility and utilizing readily available reagents, thus providing efficient methods for constructing polychloromethyl-substituted quinoline-2,4-diones and α-aryl-ß-polychloromethylated amides.

12.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 27(2): 59, 2022 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35227002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cosmetic filler injection can cause a variety of eye complications; however, there is currently no good way to evaluate injury severity and prognosis. By analyzing the injury manifestations of severe ocular complications following cosmetic filler injection and their prognosis, we propose a new injury severity scale. METHODS: Twenty-two eyes of 22 patients experiencing ocular complications following cosmetic filler injection were followed for 6 months to observe injury characteristics, manifestations and prognosis. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), split lamp microscopy, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fundus fluorescein angiography were examined at the onset and follow-up visits. RESULTS: According to the immediate BCVA at the time of injury (with the presence or absence of brain infarction), a new injury severity scale was proposed, namely, Grades 1-4. Grade 1 (4 patients) and Grade 2 (2 patients) tended to have no atrophy of the globe. Grade 3 (12 patients) and Grade 4 (4 patients) were more likely to develop atrophy of the globe (4/12 patients and 2/4 patients, respectively) at the last follow-up. Grade 3 and Grade 4 were more likely to be complicated with ophthalmoplegia and ptosis (7/16 patients). CONCLUSIONS: The new injury severity scale we proposed can determine the prognosis of different ocular complications following cosmetic filler injection. Accordingly, we can inform injured patients regarding the possibility of phthisis bulbi and the extent of improvement of visual impairment, ophthalmoplegia, ptosis and stroke.


Assuntos
Técnicas Cosméticas , Cosméticos , Oftalmoplegia , Oclusão da Artéria Retiniana , Técnicas Cosméticas/efeitos adversos , Face , Humanos , Artéria Oftálmica , Oftalmoplegia/complicações , Oclusão da Artéria Retiniana/etiologia
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(7): 9480-9491, 2022 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35138082

RESUMO

Plasmonic materials have been widely used in chemo/biosensing and biomedicine. However, little attention has been paid to the application of plasmonic materials in terms of the transition from molecular sensing to molecular informatization. Herein, we demonstrated that silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) prepared through facile and rapid microwave heating have multimode colorimetric sensing capabilities to different metal ions (Cr3+, Hg2+, and Ni2+), which can be further transformed into interesting and powerful molecular information technology (massively parallel molecular logic computing and molecular information protection). The prepared AgNPs can quantitatively and sensitively detect Cr3+ and Hg2+ in actual water samples. The AgNPs' multimode-guided multianalyte sensing processing was further investigated to construct a series of basic logic gates and advanced cascaded logic circuits by considering the analytes as the inputs and the colorimetric signals (like color, absorbance, wavelength shift) as the outputs. Moreover, the selective responses and molecular logic computing ability of AgNPs were also utilized to develop molecular cryptosteganography for encrypting and hiding some specific information, which proves that the molecular world and the information world are interconnected and use each other. This research not only opens the door for the transition from molecular sensing to molecular informatization but also provides an excellent opportunity for the construction of the "metaverse" of the molecular world.

14.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 16: 803718, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35210991

RESUMO

The excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial damage have been widely reported in noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). However, the specific mechanism of noise-induced mitochondrial damage remains largely unclear. In this study, we showed that acoustic trauma caused oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), leading to the reduction of mtDNA content, mitochondrial gene expression and ATP level in rat cochleae. The expression level and mtDNA-binding function of mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) were impaired following acoustic trauma without affecting the upstream PGC-1α and NRF-1. The mitochondria-target antioxidant mito-TEMPO (MT) was demonstrated to enter the inner ear after the systemic administration. MT treatment significantly alleviated noise-induced auditory threshold shifts 3d and 14d after noise exposure. Furthermore, MT significantly reduced outer hair cell (OHC) loss, cochlear ribbon synapse loss, and auditory nerve fiber (ANF) degeneration after the noise exposure. In addition, we found that MT treatment effectively attenuated noise-induced cochlear oxidative stress and mtDNA damage, as indicated by DHE, 4-HNE, and 8-OHdG. MT treatment also improved mitochondrial biogenesis, ATP generation, and TFAM-mtDNA interaction in the cochlea. These findings suggest that MT has protective effects against NIHL via maintaining TFAM-mtDNA interaction and mitochondrial biogenesis based on its ROS scavenging capacity.

15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 1213, 2022 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35075137

RESUMO

Neuropeptides, as pervasive intercellular signaling molecules in the CNS, modulate a variety of behavioral systems in both protostomes and deuterostomes. Allatostatins are neuropeptides in arthropods that inhibit the biosynthesis of juvenile hormones. Based on amino acid sequences, they are divided into three different types in arthropods: allatostatin A, allatostatin B, allatostatin C. Allatostatin C (AstC) was first isolated from Manduca sexta, and it has an important conserved feature of a disulfide bridge formed by two cysteine residues. Moreover, AstC appears to be the ortholog of mammalian somatostatin, and it has functions in common with somatostatin, such as modulating feeding behaviors. The AstC signaling system has been widely studied in arthropods, but minimally studied in molluscs. In this study, we seek to identify the AstC signaling system in the marine mollusc Aplysia californica. We cloned the AstC precursor from the cDNA of Aplysia. We predicted a 15-amino acid peptide with a disulfide bridge, i.e., AstC, using NeuroPred. We then cloned two putative allatostatin C-like receptors and through NCBI Conserved Domain Search we found that they belonged to the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family. In addition, using an inositol monophosphate 1 (IP1) accumulation assay, we showed that Aplysia AstC could activate one of the putative receptors, i.e., the AstC-R, at the lowest EC50, and AstC without the disulfide bridge (AstC') activated AstC-R with the highest EC50. Moreover, four molluscan AstCs with variations of sequences from Aplysia AstC but with the disulfide bridge activated AstC-R at intermediate EC50. In summary, our successful identification of the Aplysia AstC precursor and its receptor (AstC-R) represents the first example in molluscs, and provides an important basis for further studies of the AstC signaling system in Aplysia and other molluscs.


Assuntos
Aplysia/metabolismo , Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Aplysia/genética , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Evolução Molecular , Neuropeptídeos/química , Neuropeptídeos/genética , Filogenia
16.
Nano Lett ; 22(2): 822-829, 2022 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029994

RESUMO

The structural and mechanical properties of low-dimensional nanostructured metals have been attracting tremendous interest in the fast-growing fields of nanosciences and nanotechnologies. However, it still remains a challenge today to develop strong yet ductile low-dimensional metals that can support the further development of nanodevices. Here, through the polymer-assisted assembly of gold nanocrystals, we successfully fabricated the freestanding, ultrathin gold nanomaterial. Unlike conventional bulk gold or other low-dimensional gold nanostructures (i.e., nanowires and nanosheets), these gold nanosheets are composed of highly distorted gold nanocrystals that are 3-5 nm in size, which are joined together through nanosized amorphous carbon interphases. As a result, the gold nanosheets exhibit superb strength (up to 1.2 GPa), excellent ductility (>50%), and superior fracture toughness (>100 J/m2), outperforming various gold nanostructures hitherto reported.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Nanoestruturas , Ouro , Nanoestruturas/química , Resistência à Tração
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(1): 360-372, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34978452

RESUMO

Marine molluscs are seafood consumed worldwide and could cause food allergies, while investigation on their sensitizing components and cross-reactivity seems to be rare. Furthermore, allergy to mites may result in anaphylaxis in mollusc-allergic individuals owing to their cross-reactivity. The aim of the study was to identify cross-reactive allergens and investigate the cross-reactivity between different mollusc groups and mite-mollusc. The extracted mollusc and dust mite proteins were separated by SDS-PAGE, and IgE-binding components were recognized by immunoblotting with sera from patients sensitized to mollusc and mite. Cross-reactivity of different mollusc groups and mite-mollusc was assessed using ELISA and inhibition ELISA. The results of the immune detection, ELISA, and inhibition ELISA indicated that different mollusc groups and mite-mollusc showed varying degrees of cross-reactivity. The most frequently recognized cross-reactive protein was paramyosin from different mollusc groups and dust mite, while cross-reactive allergen paramyosin in the mite extract was identified and evaluated by MS and Allermatch, respectively. Inhibition ELISA studies also revealed that paramyosin played an important role in molluscan and mite-molluscan cross-reactivity. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the cross-reactivity involving mollusc species and mite-mollusc, which can be used to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of mite- and mollusc-allergic disorders.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Ácaros , Alérgenos , Animais , Reações Cruzadas , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Moluscos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015221

RESUMO

Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), generally defined as a decreased number or quality of oocytes, has a significant impact on quality of life and fertility in women. In recent years, the incidence of DOR has been increasing and the ages of patients are younger. The search for an effective DOR treatment has emerged as one of the preeminent research topics in reproductive health. An effective DOR therapy would improve ovarian function, fertility, and quality of life in patients. In this review we evaluated DOR treatment progress both in Western medicine and Chinese medicine, and elucidated the characteristics of each treatment.

19.
Acad Radiol ; 29(1): 95-106, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756348

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Standardized Uptake Value (SUV) is an important semiquantitative measurement used in the clinical and research domains to assess radiopharmaceutical concentration in tumors versus normal organs, but is susceptible to many factors beyond the tumor biological environment. So, the aim of this study is to identify the optimum internal reference among organs with physiological uptake in 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT (DOTA PET/CT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This HIPAA-compliant, IRB-approved study with waiver of consent included retrospective imaging review of 180 consecutive patients with neuroendocrine tumors presenting for DOTA PET/CT image acquisition: Ga-68 DOTATATE dose was reported as (0.054 mCi/Kg) scans between September 2018 and May 2019. Mean value of body weight normalized SUV (SUVbw) and lean body mass normalized SUV (SUL) of liver and spleen were measured. Information about the patients and scan characteristics were collected. The paired Grambsch test was used to compare variance among the measured SUVs. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to assess correlation between SUVs and potential patient- and scan-specific confounding factors. RESULTS: Variance of SUL was significantly lower than variance of SUVbw in both liver and spleen (p-value < 0.0001). Variances of liver SUVbw and SUL were significantly lower than the corresponding spleen SUVs. Liver SUL showed the lowest variance (3.69% ± 1.25%) among all measured SUVs. CONCLUSION: SUL is a more reproducible, less variable, and therefore more reliable quantitative measure in DOTA PET/CT scans, compared SUVbw. Among the available organs with physiological uptake, liver SUL is the optimum internal reference given the liver's larger size and uniform SUL values resulting in lower variability and better reproducibility.


Assuntos
Compostos Organometálicos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Cintilografia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Int Forum Allergy Rhinol ; 12(5): 757-770, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic jet lag (CJL)-induced circadian rhythm disruption (CRD) is positively correlated with an increased risk of allergic diseases. However, little is known about the mechanism involved in allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: Aberrant light/dark cycles-induced CRD mice were randomly divided into negative control (NC) group, AR group, CRD+NC group, and CRD+AR group (n = 8/group). After ovalbumin (OVA) challenge, nasal symptom scores were recorded. The expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in both nasal mucosa and lung tissues was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining. The level of OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and T-helper (Th)-related cytokines in the plasma was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the proportion of Th1, Th2, Th17, and regulatory T cell (Treg) in splenocytes was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The nasal symptom score in the CRD+AR group was significantly higher than those in the AR group with respect to eosinophil infiltration, mast cell degranulation, and goblet cell hyperplasia. The expression of ZO-1 and Occludin in the nasal mucosa and lung tissues in the CRD+AR group were significantly lower than those in the AR group. Furthermore, Th2 and Th17 cell counts from splenocytes and OVA-sIgE, interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-6, IL-13, and IL-17A levels in plasma were significantly increased in the CRD+AR group than in the AR group, whereas Th1 and Treg cell count and interferon γ (IFN-γ) level were significantly decreased in the CRD+AR group. CONCLUSION: CRD experimentally mimicked CJL in human activities, could exacerbate local and systemic allergic reactions in AR mice, partially through decreasing Occludin and ZO-1 level in the respiratory mucosa and increasing Th2-like immune response in splenocytes.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Rinite Alérgica , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Imunidade , Imunoglobulina E , Inflamação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ocludina
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...