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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114654, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537283

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Luteolin (Lut) was recently identified as the major active ingredient of Mosla scabra, which was a typical representative traditional Chinese medicine and had been used to treat pulmonary diseases for thousands of years. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was to explore the effects and relative mechanisms of Lut in LPS-induced acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). The main characteristic of ALI/ARDS is pulmonary edema, and epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is a key factor in effective removal of excessive alveolar edematous fluid, which is essential for repairing gas exchange and minimizing damage to the peripheral tissues. However, whether the therapeutic effects of Lut on respiratory diseases are relative with ENaC is still unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Alveolar fluid clearance was calculated in BALB/c mice and ENaC function was measured in H441 cells. Moreover, ENaC membrane protein and mRNA were detected by Western blot and real-time PCR, respectively. We also studied the involvement of cGMP/PI3K pathway during the regulation of Lut on ENaC during LPS-induced ALI/ARDS by ELISA method and applying cGMP/PI3K inhibitors/siRNA. RESULTS: The beneficial effects of Lut in ALI/ARDS were evidenced by the alleviation of pulmonary edema, and enhancement of both amiloride-sensitive alveolar fluid clearance and short-circuit currents. Lut could alleviate the LPS decreased expression levels of ENaC mRNA and membrane protein in H441 cells and mouse lung. In addition, cGMP concentration was increased after the administration of Lut in ALI/ARDS mice, while the inhibition of cGMP/PI3K pathway could abrogate the enhanced AFC and ENaC protein expression of Lut. CONCLUSION: These results implied that Lut could attenuate pulmonary edema via enhancing the abundance of membrane ENaC at least partially through the cGMP/PI3K pathway, which could provide a promising therapeutic strategy for treating ALI/ARDS.

2.
Int J Med Inform ; 157: 104641, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785488

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common clinical pancreatic disease. Patients with different severity levels have different clinical outcomes. With the advantages of algorithms, machine learning (ML) has gradually emerged in the field of disease prediction, assisting doctors in decision-making. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase databases, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Publication time was limited from inception to 29 May 2021. Studies that have used ML to establish predictive tools for AP were eligible for inclusion. Quality assessment of the included studies was conducted in accordance with the IJMEDI checklist. RESULTS: In this systematic review, 24 of 2,913 articles, with a total of 8,327 patients and 47 models, were included. The studies could be divided into five categories: 10 studies (42%) reported severity prediction; 10 studies (42%), complication prediction; 3 studies (13%), mortality prediction; 2 studies (8%), recurrence prediction; and 2 studies (8%), surgery timing prediction. ML showed great accuracy in several prediction tasks. However, most of the included studies were retrospective in nature, conducted at a single centre, based on database data, and lacked external validation. According to the IJMEDI checklist and our scoring criteria, two studies were considered to be of high quality. Most studies had an obvious bias in the quality of data preparation, validation, and deployment dimensions. CONCLUSION: In the prediction tasks for AP, ML has shown great potential in assisting decision-making. However, the existing studies still have some deficiencies in the process of model construction. Future studies need to optimize the deficiencies and further evaluate the comparability of the ML systems and model performance, so as to consequently develop high-quality ML-based models that can be used in clinical practice.

3.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734530

RESUMO

Emerin (EMD) plays diverse roles in cellular polarity organization, nuclear stability, and cell motility, however, the biological role of EMD relevant to the migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells has not yet been illustrated. In the present study, we initially found that the upregulation of EMD in HCC tissues, and EMD expression was negatively correlated with the spontaneous metastatic potential of HCC cell lines. Loss of EMD in HCC cells facilitated cell migration and invasion in vitro and metastasis in vivo. Meanwhile, we demonstrated that EMD knockdown induced EMT but enhanced p21 expression in HCC cells. Notably, silencing of EMD in HCC cells increased the cytoplasmic localization of p21 protein, whereas p21 knockdown partially abrogated the migratory and invasive ability, EMT, and the actin cytoskeleton rearrangement induced by EMD knockdown in HCC cells. Our results indicated a significant role of EMD knockdown in the HCC cell motility and metastasis through upregulating the cytoplasmic p21, unveiling a novel mechanism of cell motility regulation induced by EMD.

4.
Clin Epidemiol ; 13: 1019-1026, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737646

RESUMO

Purpose: Medication-related osteonecrosis of jaw (MRONJ) is associated with certain drug therapies. Pharmacoepidemiologic studies often rely on electronic healthcare data to assess adverse events following drug exposure. Few studies have developed and validated claims-based MRONJ identification algorithms. This study assessed the performance of claims-based MRONJ algorithms by chart review of potential cases among postmenopausal (PM) women and women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO). Methods: Among PM and PMO women sourced from a large US commercial health insurance database affiliated with Optum, potential cases were identified by International Classification of Diseases, 9th and 10th Revisions (ICD-9, ICD-10) diagnosis codes; 200 were selected for chart retrieval, with the goal of obtaining 100 charts in each coding era. Procured charts were redacted and then reviewed by an oral surgeon who determined case status. Positive predictive values (PPV) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated overall, by cohorts, and coding eras. Baseline characteristics were assessed. Two potential algorithm refinements were explored: using a restricted set of ICD codes; requiring antibiotic use after MRONJ diagnosis. Results: A total of 1273 potential cases were identified. Of the 200 potential cases selected, 104 (52%) were procured, and six cases were confirmed (PPV 5.8%, 95% CI 2.2, 12.1). Baseline characteristics were largely similar across all strata. Potential algorithm refinements yielded marginal PPV improvement. Conclusion: This study identified a small number of confirmed cases, and the resulting PPVs were low, but consistent with reported studies. Potential algorithm refinements yielded minimal improvements. To our knowledge, this study is the first to report on the identification of MRONJ using ICD-10 codes in the US.

5.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(40): 6927-6938, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative hepatitis B core-related antigen (qHBcrAg) has a better correlation with intrahepatic hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) than HBV DNA or hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), but data are still lacking for its clinical application. AIM: The aim was to investigate serum qHBcrAg levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B and assess the correlation of serum qHBcrAg with pregenomic RNA (pgRNA), cccDNA, and HBeAg seroconversion. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of patients who underwent percutaneous liver biopsy between July 2014 and June 2019 in two multicenter randomized controlled clinical trials of peginterferon vs nucleos(t)ide analog (NUC)-based therapy (NCT03509688 and NCT03546530). Serum qHBcrAg, pgRNA, HBV DNA, hepatitis B core antigen, HBeAg, liver cccDNA, and HBV DNA were measured. The correlations of serum qHBcrAg with other biomarkers were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 139 patients were included. The mean qHBcrAg levels were 5.32 ± 1.18 log10 U/mL at baseline and decreased during treatment (all P < 0.0001). Serum qHBcrAg levels were positively correlated with pgRNA (r = 0.597, P < 0.0001) and cccDNA (r = 0.527, P < 0.0001) levels. The correlation of serum qHBcrAg level and intrahepatic HBV DNA levels at baseline was weak but significant (r = 0.399, P < 0.0001). HBcrAg predicted HBeAg seroconversion, with areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve of 0.788 at 24 wk and 0.825 at 48 wk. Log HBcrAg at wk 24 and 48 was independently associated with HBeAg seroconversion [odds ratio (OR) = 2.402, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.314-4.391, P = 0.004; OR = 3.587, 95%CI: 1.315-9.784, P = 0.013]. CONCLUSION: Serum HBcrAg levels were correlated with HBV virological markers and could be used to predict HBeAg seroconversion.


Assuntos
Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , DNA Viral/uso terapêutico , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Soroconversão
6.
Food Chem ; 373(Pt B): 131466, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731812

RESUMO

We develop and validate a method for the rapid determination and identification of 19 quinolones in goat's milk by combining the QuEChERS technique with ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Plackett-Burman and Central Composite Design methods were used to select the parameters that best promote the extraction efficiency, which led to extraction with acetonitrile/5% formic acid, followed by phase separation with sodium citrate, disodium hydrogen citrate, Na2SO4, and NaCl as optimal. The supernatant was then extracted and cleaned by dispersive solid-phase extraction using C18 and Na2SO4 aided by low-temperature clean-up. The method was validated, with limits of quantification (LOQs) of 5 ppb, specificities of 1/5 LOQ, linearities (R2) > 0.9853, recoveries of 73.4-114.2%, repeatabilities < 15.0%, and intermediate precisions < 13.6%. The developed method was suitable for the routine analysis of quinolone residues in goat's milk and was used to test 10 goat milk samples produced in Taiwan.

7.
Toxicology ; 465: 153032, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774660

RESUMO

The most abundant saturated free fatty acid such as palmitate (PA), can accumulate in cardiomyocytes and induce lipotoxicity. CYLD is a known regulator in the development of cardiovascular disease and an important mediator of apoptosis. The role of CYLD in PA-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis is not completely known. Here, we showed that PA treatment resulted in a concentration- and time-dependent effect on neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) apoptosis. PA impaired autophagy by significantly increasing the expression levels of LC3-II, Beclin 1, and also p62 in NRCMs. The autophagy flux was measured by detecting the fluorescence in the cells with Ad-mCherry-GFP-LC3B, a decrease in red puncta and a significant increase in yellow puncta in response to PA stimulation indicated that PA impairs the autophagic flux at the late stage of autophagosome-lysosome fusion. We further found knocked down of p62 by siRNA significantly decreased the expression level of cleaved caspase-3, decreased the apoptosis rate, also alleviated the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, and decreased AIF and Cyt C releasing from mitochondria into the cytoplasm in the PA-treated NRCMs. From this, we considered that p62 accumulation was responsible for mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in PA-treated NRCMs. In addition, PA-induced a strong elevation of CYLD, siRNA-mediated knockdown of CYLD significantly antagonized PA-induced apoptosis and restored the autophagic flux in NRCMs. Knockdown of CYLD activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway to restore the autophagic flux and reduce the accumulation of p62 in PA- stimulated NRCMs, while an inhibitor of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway reversed this effect. Thus, our findings provide new insight into the molecular mechanism of PA toxicity in myocardial cells and suggest that CYLD may be a new therapeutic target for lipotoxic cardiomyopathy.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724090

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with high mortality, but lacks effective treatments. Carcinoembryonic antigen glypican-3 (GPC3) is a tumor-associated antigen overexpressed in HCC but rarely expressed in healthy individuals and thus is one of the most promising therapeutic targets. T cell epitope-based vaccines may bring light to HCC patients, especially to the patients at a late stage. However, few epitopes from GPC3 were identified to date, which limited the application of GPC3-derived epitopes in immunotherapy and T cell function detection. In this study, a total of 25 HLA-A0201 restricted GPC3 epitopes were in silico predicted and selected as candidate epitopes. Then, HLA-A0201+/GPC3+ HCC patients' PBMCs were collected and co-stimulated with the candidate epitope peptides in ex vivo IFN-γ Elispot assay, by which five epitopes were identified as real-world epitopes. Their capacity to elicit specific CD8+ T cells activation and proliferation was further confirmed by in vitro co-cultures of patients' PBMCs with peptide, in vitro co-cultures of healthy donors' PBLs with DCs and peptide, T2 cell binding assay as well as HLA-A2 molecule stability assay. Moreover, the in vivo immunogenicity of the five validated epitopes was confirmed by peptides cocktail/poly(I:C) vaccination in HLA-A0201/DR1 transgenic mice. Robust epitope-specific CD8+ T cell responses and cytotoxicity targeting HepG2 cells were observed as detected by IFN-γ Elispot, intracellular IFN-γ staining and cytolysis assay. This study provided novel GPC3 CTL epitopes for the development of T cell epitope vaccines and evaluation of GPC3 specific T cell responses.

9.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 18(12): 2588-2608, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728796

RESUMO

Since severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)-specific T cells have been found to play essential roles in host immune protection and pathology in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), this study focused on the functional validation of T cell epitopes and the development of vaccines that induce specific T cell responses. A total of 120 CD8+ T cell epitopes from the E, M, N, S, and RdRp proteins were functionally validated. Among these, 110, 15, 6, 14, and 12 epitopes were highly homologous with SARS-CoV, OC43, NL63, HKU1, and 229E, respectively; in addition, four epitopes from the S protein displayed one amino acid that was distinct from the current SARS-CoV-2 variants. Then, 31 epitopes restricted by the HLA-A2 molecule were used to generate peptide cocktail vaccines in combination with Poly(I:C), R848 or poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles, and these vaccines elicited robust and specific CD8+ T cell responses in HLA-A2/DR1 transgenic mice as well as wild-type mice. In contrast to previous research, this study established a modified DC-peptide-PBL cell coculture system using healthy donor PBMCs to validate the in silico predicted epitopes, provided an epitope library restricted by nine of the most prevalent HLA-A allotypes covering broad Asian populations, and identified the HLA-A restrictions of these validated epitopes using competitive peptide binding experiments with HMy2.CIR cell lines expressing the indicated HLA-A allotype, which initially confirmed the in vivo feasibility of 9- or 10-mer peptide cocktail vaccines against SARS-CoV-2. These data will facilitate the design and development of vaccines that induce antiviral CD8+ T cell responses in COVID-19 patients.

10.
Front Neurol ; 12: 720664, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630292

RESUMO

Background: Dl-3-n-Butylphthalide (NBP) has the potential to improve clinical outcomes in acute ischemic stroke patients by improving collateral circulation. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of NBP in patients with non-disabling minor ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). Methods: The BRIDGE (the observation study on clinical effectiveness of NBP on patients with non-disabling ischemic cerebrovascular disease) is a prospective registry to monitor the efficacy and safety of NBP therapy in acute non-disabling ischemic stroke or high-risk TIA. Non-disabling minor ischemic stroke patients within 48 h were enrolled across 51 stroke centers in China. We divided patients into NBP compliance or non-compliance groups according to their adherence to NBP. The primary outcome was the favorable functional outcome at 90 days, defined as a modified Rankin scale (mRS) <2. Results: Between 10th October 2016 and 25th June 2019, 3,118 patients were included in this analysis. In multivariable analysis, after adjusting for common risk factors and demographic factors, NBP-compliance group has a higher proportion of favorable functional outcome (92.1 vs. 87.4%, adjusted odds ratio 2.00, 95% confidence interval, 1.50-2.65), and a higher stroke recurrence rate (2.40 vs. 0.31%, adjusted odds ratio 8.86, 95% confidence interval, 3.37-23.30) than the NBP-non-compliance group. There was no significant difference in death and intracranial hemorrhage rate between the two groups. In subgroup analysis, patients with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores from 3 to 5 who complied to NBP therapy had a higher rate of favorable functional outcomes than the NBP-non-compliance group. [89.8 vs. 76.8%, adjusted odds ratio 2.54 (1.64-3.93), adjusted interaction P = 0.001]. Conclusion: In non-disabling minor ischemic stroke or TIA patients, compliance with NBP therapy led to better 90-day functional outcomes despite a higher risk of recurrence, and this effect seems to be stronger in patients with NIHSS scores of 3-5. Further large randomized, double-blind controlled studies to analyse the association between NBP and functional outcome is warranted in the coming future.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628832

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate interrelationships in parameters between caloric test and video head impulse test(vHIT) in the common peripheral vertigo diseases and healthy people, and to conduct correlation and difference analysis between the results in two tests, so as to evaluate the clinical diagnosis value of peripheral vertigo. Methods:The caloric test and vHIT were fulfilled in 68 patients with vertigo and 17 healthy volunteers. The diagnosis was done according to history inquiring, otology and audiology examination and vestibular tests. The vestibulo-ocular reflex(VOR) gain and gain asymmetry(GA) of a vHIT as well as unilateral weakness(UW) and the sum of the slow-phase velocities(SPVs) of warm and cold irrigation of the same side were compared. A cutoff value of VOR gain of a vHIT was also calculated using a receiver-operating characteristic curve. Results:In all ears(n=170), there was significant correlation in ipsilateral SPVs and VOR gain(r=0.568, P<0.0001); In all ears(n=34) of 17 healthy volunteers, there was no correlation in ipsilateral SPVs and VOR gain(r=-0.05, P=0.778); In all affected ears(n=76), there was statistically positive correlation in ipsilateral SPVs and VOR gain(r=0.571, P<0.0001); In all the unaffected ears(n=94), there was positive correlation in ipsilateral SPVs and VOR gain(r=0.286, P=0.005). In 60 patients with unilateral vestibular disease(n=60), there was statistically significant negative correlation between the VOR gain of affected ears and UW(r=-0.513, P<0.0001); there was statistically significant positive correlation between GA of a vHIT and UW(r=0.713, P<0.0001). There was a statistically significant negative correlation between the VOR gain of affected ears and UW in the fluctuating vertigo group(r=-0.516, P=0.002) as well as a positive correlation between GA and UW(r=0.529, P=0.001); In the non-fluctuating vertigo group, there was a statistically significant negative correlation between the VOR gain of affected ears and UW(r=-0.428, P=0.029); there was a positive correlation between GA of a vHIT and UW(r=0.743, P<0.0001). In the vestibular neuropathy group, there was a negative correlation between the VOR gain of affected ears and UW(r=-0.462, P=0.030); there was a statistically significant positive correlation between GA of a vHIT and UW(r=0.757, P<0.0001). There was a negative correlation between the VOR gain of affected ears and UW in the vestibular peripheral disease group(r=-0.516, P=0.002) as well as a statistically significant positive correlation between GA and UW(r=0.529, P=0.001). The mean value of UW(65.5%) was higher in the overt saccade group than that in the normal VOR group, there was statistically significant difference(P=0.006). According to the UW damage degree grading, there was statistically significant difference in abnormal educe rates(χ²=17.76, P<0.05). Based on the gold standard of caloric response, a cutoff value of 0.865 was determined; the parameters of the two tests were dissociated in 28.3%. Conclusion:There was a statistically significant correlation in parameters between vHIT and caloric test. The patients of overt saccade always accompany with the high UW, which could indicate that the vestibular function severely damaged. vHIT and caloric test can be complementary tools for the comprehensive evaluation of patients' vestibule function, on account of dissociation between the results of vHIT and caloric test and general result of consistent check.


Assuntos
Doenças Vestibulares , Neuronite Vestibular , Testes Calóricos , Teste do Impulso da Cabeça , Humanos , Reflexo Vestíbulo-Ocular , Doenças Vestibulares/diagnóstico
13.
Nat Metab ; 3(10): 1400-1414, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663975

RESUMO

5-diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate (5-IP7) is a signalling metabolite linked to various cellular processes. How extracellular stimuli elicit 5-IP7 signalling remains unclear. Here we show that 5-IP7 in ß cells mediates parasympathetic stimulation of synaptotagmin-7 (Syt7)-dependent insulin release. Mechanistically, vagal stimulation and activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors triggers Gαq-PLC-PKC-PKD-dependent signalling and activates IP6K1, the 5-IP7 synthase. Whereas both 5-IP7 and its precursor IP6 compete with PIP2 for binding to Syt7, Ca2+ selectively binds 5-IP7 with high affinity, freeing Syt7 to enable fusion of insulin-containing vesicles with the cell membrane. ß-cell-specific IP6K1 deletion diminishes insulin secretion and glucose clearance elicited by muscarinic stimulation, whereas mice carrying a phosphorylation-mimicking, hyperactive IP6K1 mutant display augmented insulin release, congenital hyperinsulinaemia and obesity. These phenotypes are absent in mice lacking Syt7. Our study proposes a new conceptual framework for inositol pyrophosphate physiology in which 5-IP7 acts as a GPCR second messenger at the interface between peripheral nervous system and metabolic organs, transmitting Gq-coupled GPCR stimulation to unclamp Syt7-dependent, and perhaps other, exocytotic events.

14.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(6): 1421, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707703

RESUMO

During a woman's reproductive period, the endometrial tissue is shed and regenerated every month to prepare for pregnancy or for the next cycle. The aim of the present study was to isolate, culture and characterize human endometrial cells (ECs) derived from menstrual blood (MB) and the endometrium (E). MB-derived ECs (MB-ECs) were isolated from women's MB. E-derived ECs (E-ECs) were isolated from women's endometrial tissues. The present study investigated the epithelial cell marker cytokeratin 18 (CK18) in MB-ECs and E-ECs. Cell proliferation analyses indicated that E-ECs (population doubling time, 20.85 h) grew faster than MB-ECs (population doubling time, 22.05 h; P<0.05). Cell migration ability was found to be significantly greater for MB-ECs than for E-ECs at 48 h (P<0.01). MB-ECs incubated with TGF-ß1 (3 ng/ml) exhibited significantly decreased CK18 mRNA expression (P<0.01), and significantly increased vimentin (Vim) mRNA (P<0.05) and protein (P<0.01) expression at 6 and 12 h, respectively. E-EC incubation with TGF-ß1 (3 ng/ml) significantly decreased CK18 mRNA expression (P<0.01) at 12 h and significantly increased Vim mRNA (P<0.01) and protein expression (P<0.05) at 6 h. The present results indicated that MB-ECs and E-ECs were biologically different, and that epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation could be induced by TGF-ß1 treatment.

15.
Front Immunol ; 12: 722404, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691028

RESUMO

Background: Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein-antibody (MOG-ab)-associated disease (MOGAD) has highly heterogenous clinical and imaging presentations, in which encephalitis is an important phenotype. In recent years, some atypical presentations in MOG-ab-associated encephalitis (MOG-E) have been increasingly reported but have not yet been described well. The aim of the study was to describe the clinical and imaging features of patients with MOG-E in our center. Atypical phenotypes would be reported, which is expected to expand the spectrum of MOGAD. Methods: We reviewed medical records of 59 patients with MOGAD diagnosed in our center and identified cases who had ever experienced encephalitic symptoms. Three hundred ten patients with autoimmune encephalitis (AE) were also reviewed, and cases with positive MOG-ab were identified. Besides, patients with chronically progressive encephalitis were identified from 13 MOG-E and 310 AE patients. We collected demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and outcome data to explore clinical and imaging characteristics in MOG-E, especially in the atypical phenotype of chronically progressive encephalitis. Results: We identified 13 patients (7 males, 6 females) with MOG-E. The median age at onset was 33 years (range 13~62 years). Most (9/13, 69.2%) of patients showed acute or subacute onset of encephalitic symptoms. Brain MRI abnormalities were observed in all patients. The most common lesion locations on MRI were cortical/subcortical (11/13, 84.6%), deep/periventricular white matter (10/13, 76.9%) and corpus callosum (4/13, 30.8%). Brain MRI patterns were categorized into four phenotypes. The most common pattern was cortical encephalitis with leptomeningeal enhancement/brain atrophy (10/13, 76.9%). Eight (8/13, 61.5%) patients had a good response to immunotherapy. Four (4/13, 30.8%) patients with chronically progressive course were identified from MOG-E cohort. They showed leukodystrophy-like pattern, multifocal hazy lesions, or cortical encephalitis on MRI. With immunotherapy, they only showed mild or no improvement. We also identified four (4/310, 1.3%) patients with chronically progressive course from AE cohort. They had better outcomes than counterparts in MOG-E. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that encephalitic presentations in MOGAD had complex clinical patterns. Chronically progressive encephalitis may be a new phenotype of MOGAD. We recommend to test MOG-ab in subacute and chronic progressive dementia with leukodystrophy-like MRI lesions.

16.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 267: 49-55, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710724

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life and surgical outcomes in patients with congenital cervicovaginal malformation after cervicovaginal reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-eight patients diagnosed with congenital cervicovaginal aplasia and underwent cervicovaginal reconstruction using acellular porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) grafts were included in the study from January 2012 to December 2019. Of these, twenty-one patients underwent conventional laparoscopy, nine underwent robotic surgery, and eight underwent laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery. Clinical characteristics, perioperative data, condition of the neovagina and neocevix, post-operation complications, body image, resumption of menstruation, sexual function, and quality of life were assessed. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 16.4 ± 5.78 years. The operative procedure lasted 182.29 ± 70.85 min, with a hemoglobin decrease of 12.53 ± 7.55 g/dl. All surgery was completed successfully without complications. The total cost was highest in the robotic surgery group (P < 0.001). The cosmetic scores were significantly higher in the LESS group (P < 0.001). At a median follow-up of 49.79 ± 31.02 months, all patients resumed menstruation, except one patient who underwent hysterectomy due to vaginal obstruction. The average length of neovagina was 8.11 ± 0.75 cm, and the length of the cervix was 1.73 ± 1.00 cm. There were one patient with vaginal stenosis, two patients with cervical occlusion, two patients with cervical stenosis, and six patients with intrauterine device loss. Fourteen patients experienced sexual activity, with the total female sexual function index scores of 26.83 ± 3.49. Six patients had a desire of pregnancy, and one patient had pregnant via assisted-reproduction techniques. No differences in the mean physical component score (PCS) and mental component score (MCS) were identified among three different groups at baseline and all post-surgery time points (P > 0.05), but with the extension of follow-up, both PCS and MCS increased significantly in all groups (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Cervicovaginal reconstruction using an SIS graft is safe and efficient to the management of congenital cervicovaginal atresia whatever by the conventional laparoscopy, robotic surgery or LESS, with good surgical outcomes and high of quality of life.

17.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 270, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610810

RESUMO

Rickettsia is the pathogen of Q fever, Brucella ovis is the pathogen of brucellosis, and both of them are Gram-negative bacteria which are parasitic in cells. The mixed infection of rickettsia and Brucella ovis is rarely reported in clinic. Early diagnosis and treatment are of great significance to the treatment and prognosis of brucellosis and Q fever. Here, we report a case of co-infection Rickettsia burneti and Brucella melitensis. The patient is a 49-year-old sheepherder, who was hospitalized with left forearm trauma. Three days after admission, the patient developed fever of 39.0°C, accompanied by sweating, fatigue, poor appetite and headache. Indirect immunofluorescence (IFA) was used to detect Rickettsia burneti IgM. After 72 hours of blood culture incubation, bacterial growth was detected in aerobic bottles, Gram-negative bacilli were found in culture medium smear, the colony was identified as Brucella melitensis by mass spectrometry. Patients were treated with doxycycline (100 mg bid, po) and rifampicin (600 mg qd, po) for 4 weeks. After treatment, the symptoms disappeared quickly, and there was no sign of recurrence or chronic infection. Q fever and Brucella may exist in high-risk practitioners, so we should routinely detect these two pathogens to prevent missed diagnosis.

18.
J Org Chem ; 86(21): 15753-15760, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628862

RESUMO

A titanium(IV)-mediated ring-opening/dehydroxylative cross-coupling of diaryl-substituted methanols with a cyclopropanol derivative was developed. The reactions proceeded efficiently to provide synthetically useful γ,γ-diaryl esters in moderate to good yields, which could be applied to the functionalization of complex molecules derived from bioactive fenofibrate and isoxepac and the synthesis of a precursor of Zoloft.

20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112114, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shenxiong glucose injection (SGI) is a traditional Chinese medicine injection composed of water extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Ligustrazine hydrochloride. SGI has shown strong antioxidant and anti-apoptotic properties. However, the mechanisms underlying its anti-apoptotic effect need to be addressed. METHODS: H9c2 cell apoptosis model was established by treatment of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Cell survival rates were examined by MTS assay, cell apoptosis rates were determined by flow cytometry, levels of intracellular ROS were assessed by ROS kit, proteome phosphorylation was determined by phosphoproteomic analysis, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), phosphorylated ERK, phosphorylated c-Jun, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein (Bax), Bcl-2, and cleaved caspase-3 were examined by Western blot. RESULT: SGI showed protective effects against H2O2-induced reduced cell viability, elevated ROS, and increased apoptosis in H9c2 cells. Phosphorylation proteomics detected a total of 3369 proteins with 78 protein of upregulated phosphorylation and 104 protein of downregulated phosphorylation. Kyoto Encyclopedia Genes and Genomes pathway analyses of differentially phosphorylated proteins showed that the ERK pathway, the downstream pathway of the focal adhesion pathway related to apoptosis, was highly enriched, and the phosphorylation levels of ERK and c-Jun were confirmed by Western blot. In addition, the ERK pathway inhibitor PD98059 significantly inhibited the anti-apoptotic effect of SGI. CONCLUSION: SGI antagonizes H2O2-induced cell apoptosis by activating the ERK pathway.

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