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1.
Food Chem ; 304: 125425, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476549

RESUMO

Ceramide 2-aminoethylphosphonate (CAEP) is a type of phosphonosphingolipids with potential trophic activity. In this work, complicated CAEP species from different aquatic products were comprehensively identified and semi-quantified by utilizing normal phase liquid chromatography/Q-Exactive mass spectrometry (NPLC/Q-Exactive-MS). We elucidated the fragment schemes of CAEP molecules and found the presence of methylated CAEP (Me-CAEP) species. Remarkably, quantitative results revealed that Loligo chinensis had the highest CAEP content of 4.9 ±â€¯0.4 mg/g dry weight and the most complex molecular species composition, whereas Asterias amurenis had the lowest CAEP content of 1.9 ±â€¯0.6 mg/g dry weight. The most common molecule was CAEP (d19:3-16:0). Additionally, statistical analysis revealed that five aquatic products can be effectively distinguished from their CAEP species; thus, CAEP molecules can play an important role in identifying processed products from aquatic products.

2.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486580

RESUMO

The thermosensitive genic male sterile 5 (tms5) mutation causes thermosensitive genic male sterility in rice (Oryza sativa) through loss of RNase ZS1 function, which influences ubiquitin fusion ribosomal protein L40 (UbL40 ) mRNA levels during male development. Here, we employed ATAC-seq, combined with analysis of H3K9ac and H3K4me2, to identify changes in accessible chromatin during fertility conversion of the two-line hybrid rice Wuxiang S (WXS) derived from a mutant tms5 allele. Furthermore, RNA-seq and bioinformatic analyses identified specific transcription factors (TFs) in differentially accessible chromatin regions. Among these TFs, only GATA10 targeted UbL40 . Osgata10 knockout mutations, which resulted in low expression of UbL40 and a tendency toward male fertility, confirmed that GATA10 regulated fertility conversion via the modulation of UbL40 . Meanwhile, GATA10 acted as a mediator for interactions with ERF65, which revealed that transcriptional regulation is a complex process involving multiple complexes of TFs, namely TF modules. It appears that the ERF141/MADS7/MADS50/MYB modules affect metabolic processes that control anther and pollen development, especially cell wall formation. Our analysis revealed that these modules directly or indirectly affect metabolic pathway-related genes to coordinate plant growth with proper anther development, and furthermore, that GATA10 regulates fertility conversion via the modulation of UbL40 expression. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 156: 107831, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476346

RESUMO

AIM: Circadian rhythm controls a wide variety of physiological processes in the body. Disruption of the circadian clock in metabolic tissues may increase the risk of diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. The following study investigated whether the expression of clock genes of peripheral blood cells is impaired in type 2 diabetes (DT2) and whether inflammatory markers are associated with circadian clock gene expression in DT2 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from 36 DT2 patients and 14 non-diabetic volunteers. Transcript levels of circadian clock genes were analyzed using real-time quantitative PCR; plasma inflammatory markers were measured by ELISA or clinical laboratory test. RESULTS: The CLOCK, BMAL1, PER1, CRY1 and CRY2 mRNA levels were decreased in the diabetic patients. In addition, HbA1c levels were negatively correlated with BMAL1, PER1 and CRY1 mRNA levels. The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and CRP were higher in diabetic subjects compared to control subjects. Impaired expression of circadian clock gene was interrelated with the elevated levels of plasma IL-6 and TNF. Moreover, a multiple linear regression showed that plasma IL-6 level was correlated with impaired expression of circadian clock gene. CONCLUSIONS: Circadian clock genes are reduced in peripheral leucocytes of DT2 patients. Furthermore, impaired expression of circadian clock gene are interrelated with the elevated levels of plasma inflammatory markers.

4.
Opt Express ; 27(16): 23357-23367, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510614

RESUMO

We investigate the evolution of nonlinear dynamic behaviors of two polarization components (x-PC and y-PC), as well as the interplay of polarization bistability, frequency detuning and injection strength in the vertical cavity surface emitting laser with optical injection. Specifically, by encoding two logic inputs and one clock input in the amplitude of the light from a sampled grating distributed Bragg reflector laser, and by decoding two output logic responses from the x-PC and y-PC emitted by the laser, we demonstrate two parallel data-selection computing. The correct logic output encoded in two emitted PCs response for as short as 100 ps bit time and the response bit time of the correct logic output encoded in the y-PC may be 67 ps by the optimization of the injection strength. The probability of a correct response is controlled by the interplay of the bit time, the injection strength and noise strength, and is equal to 1 in a wide region of the injection strength and noise strength. The chaotic data-selection computing in an optically VCSEL offer interesting perspectives for applications where noise is unavoidable and fast switching is required.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512136

RESUMO

The microalgae-based CO2 sequestration is considered to be an effective technique with great potential to cope with carbon emission. However, most researches are only focused on microalgae; the effects of physicochemical factors, which are carbon concentration, medium pH, and bubbling depth, on absorption and utilization of supplied CO2 in culture is less known. In order to understand and improve CO2 absorption in microalgae culture, the effects of these three factors were studied with different levels and combinations. Results revealed that when medium carbon concentration increased from 4.76 to 95.24 mmol/L, CO2 absorption ratio increased by about 12%, 10%, 12%, and 11% at medium depths of 10, 20, 40, and 80 cm, with the initial pH 10.6 to 9.7 by bubbling CO2, respectively. As bubbling depth increased from 10 to 80 cm, CO2 absorption ratio increased by about 25%, 22%, and 25% at carbon concentrations of 4.76, 9.52, and 95.24 mmol/L, with the initial pH 10.6 to 9.7 by bubbling CO2, respectively. In range of 10.6-7.0, pH had no significant effect on CO2 absorption ratio (P > 0.05) when carbon concentration is below 9.52 mmol/L, while above 9.52 mmol/L, pH had significant effect on CO2 absorption ratio (P < 0.05). It was found for the first time that the effect of pH on the CO2 absorption ratio was affected by carbon concentration. In addition, equilibrium pH, at which the CO2 partial pressure in the medium equals to that in the air, of medium with different carbon concentrations was also determined. Overall, in microalgae culture for CO2 sequestration, increasing CO2 bubbling depth and keeping higher carbon concentration and higher pH can improve CO2 absorption ratio, which will optimize the biofixation of CO2 by microalgae furthermore.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3981, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484922

RESUMO

The diverse expression pattern of CD36 reflects its multiple cellular functions. However, the roles of CD36 in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unknown. Here, we discover that CD36 expression is progressively decreased from adenomas to carcinomas. CD36 loss predicts poor survival of CRC patients. In CRC cells, CD36 acts as a tumor suppressor and inhibits aerobic glycolysis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanically, CD36-Glypcian 4 (GPC4) interaction could promote the proteasome-dependent ubiquitination of GPC4, followed by inhibition of ß-catenin/c-myc signaling and suppression of downstream glycolytic target genes GLUT1, HK2, PKM2 and LDHA. Moreover, disruption of CD36 in inflammation-induced CRC model as well as ApcMin/+ mice model significantly increased colorectal tumorigenesis. Our results reveal a CD36-GPC4-ß-catenin-c-myc signaling axis that regulates glycolysis in CRC development and may provide an intervention strategy for CRC prevention.

7.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(5): 4229-4249, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499660

RESUMO

The ciphertext policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) is widely used in cloud storage. It not only provides a secure data sharing scheme but also has the characteristics of fine-grained access control. However, most CP-ABE schemes have problems such as the ciphertext length increases with the complexity of the access policy, the encryption scheme is complex, the computational efficiency is low, and the fine-grained revocation cannot be performed. In view of the above problems, this pa-per proposes an efficient CP-ABE scheme with fine-grained revocable storage and constant ciphertext length. The scheme combines proxy re-encryption with CP-ABE technology, adopts the flexible access strategy AND-gates on multi-valued attributes with wildcards (AND∗m ), and realizes revocable storage and fixed-length ciphertext. At the same time, in order to reduce the amount of user decryption calcu-lation, the complex operation in the decryption process is outsourced to the third-party server and the decryption result is verified to ensure the correctness of the information. Finally, the security of the scheme is proved under the decisional bilinear Diffie-Hellman (DBDH) assumption. In addition, the performance analysis shows that the scheme is efficient and feasible in cloud storage.

8.
Cell Microbiol ; : e13100, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418513

RESUMO

Wsc1I homologues featuring both an N-terminal DUF1996 (domain of unknown function 1996) and a C-terminal WSC (cell wall stress-responsive component) domain exist in filamentous fungi but have never been functionally characterized. Here, Wsc1I is shown to localize in the vacuoles and cell wall/membrane of the insect mycopathogen Beauveria bassiana and hence linked to cell membrane- and vacuole-related cellular events. In B. bassiana, deletion of Wsc1I resulted in marked increases of hyphal and conidial sensitivities to hyperosmotic agents, oxidants, cell wall perturbing chemicals, and metal cations (Cu2+ , Zn2+ , Fe2+ , and Mg2+ ) despite slight impact on normal growth and conidiation. Conidia produced by the deletion mutant showed not only reduced tolerance to both 45°C heat and UVB irradiation but also attenuated virulence to a susceptible insect through normal cuticle infection or cuticle-bypassing infection. Importantly, phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase Hog1 was largely attenuated or nearly abolished in the Wsc1I-free cells triggered with hyperosmotic, oxidative, or cell wall perturbing stress. All changes were well restored by targeted gene complementation. Our findings highlight a novel role of Wsc1I in sensing multiple stress cues upstream of the Hog1 signalling pathway and its pleiotropic effects in B. bassiana.

9.
Nanotechnology ; 30(46): 465202, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422944

RESUMO

Currently, identifying suitable oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts in novel two-dimensional (2D) materials has attracted more and more research attention. Here, we have studied the catalytic activities of 2D h-BeN2 and MgN2 monolayers for ORR by using first-principles calculations. The calculated results reveal that the direct quasiparticle bandgap of BeN2 monolayer is 3.32 eV, and the indirect bandgap of MgN2 is 3.42 eV. 2D h-BeN2 and MgN2 exhibit high exciton binding energies of 1.07 and 0.83 eV respectively, and their optical properties are determined by bound exciton transitions due to the strong quantum confinement effects. Importantly, h-BeN2 and MgN2 monolayers with positive-charged (+1.6 e) metal atom (Be/Mg) on the surface exhibit excellent adsorption ability for O2 and ORR intermediates, and show better CO tolerance than Pt(111). The calculated free energy plots are always downhill for ORR catalyzed by BeN2 in both acid and alkaline environments, and by MgN2 in alkaline environments. The detailed reaction mechanism analyses show that high-efficient four-electron pathway is the optimal pathway for ORR catalyzed by BeN2 in acid environments. Surprisingly, there is a low overpotential of 0.45 eV for ORR catalyzed by BeN2 in the acid solution and no overpotential in the alkaline solution. Our studies found for the first time that 2D h-BeN2 shows huge potential as a non-precious metal ORR catalyst in acid and alkaline environments.

10.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388100

RESUMO

Recognition of viral dsRNA by Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) leads to the induction of downstream antiviral effectors and the innate antiviral immune response. Here, we identified the zinc-finger FYVE domain-containing protein ZFYVE1, a guanylate-binding protein (GBP), as a positive regulator of TLR3-mediated signaling. Overexpression of ZFYVE1 promoted the transcription of downstream antiviral genes upon stimulation with the synthetic TLR3 ligand poly(I:C). Conversely, ZFYVE1 deficiency had the opposite effect. Zfyve1-/- mice were less susceptible than wild-type mice to inflammatory death induced by poly(I:C) but not LPS. ZFYVE1 was associated with TLR3, and the FYVE domain of ZFYVE1 and the ectodomain of TLR3 were shown to be responsible for their interaction. ZFYVE1 was bound to poly(I:C) and increased the binding affinity of TLR3 to poly(I:C). These findings suggest that ZFYVE1 plays an important role in the TLR3-mediated innate immune and inflammatory responses by promoting the ligand binding of TLR3.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363874

RESUMO

A Gram-stain negative, aerobic bacterium, designated strain YIM 78456T, was isolated from a hot spring sediment, Ngamring county, Tibet, south-west China. The taxonomic position of the isolate was investigated by a polyphasic approach. The novel isolate was found to be aerobic and rod-shaped. Colonies were observed to be pale yellow and circular. The strain was found to grow at pH 7.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0), 45-65 °C (optimum, 55 °C) and in the presence of up to 1.5% NaCl. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain YIM 78456T and other members of the genus Thermus showed sequence similarities ranging from 90.3 to 97.3%, with strain YIM 78456T showing close sequence similarity to Thermus caliditerrae YIM 77925T (97.3%). The phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YIM 78456T forms a distinct clade with T. caliditerrae YIM 77925T. The predominant menaquinone was identified as MK-8 and the DNA G+C content was determined to be 65.1 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids (> 10%) were identified as iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C17:0. The polar lipids were found to consist of an aminophospholipid, a phospholipid and glycolipids. On the basis of the morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, as well as genotypic data, it is proposed that strain YIM 78456T represents a novel species of the genus Thermus, for which the name Thermus caldilimi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 78456T (= KCTC 52948T = NBRC 113036T).

12.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 517(4): 596-602, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395343

RESUMO

The pneumolysin (Ply) protein of Streptococcus pneumoniae is composed of four domains and possesses several different but related activities. In this study, recombinant Ply and two truncated forms, Ply domain 1-3 and Ply domain 4 (rPly4), were expressed and characterized regarding their participation in apoptosis, the stimulation of cytokine production, hemolytic activity and virulence. rPly4 activated murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells in a Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4-dependent manner. The rPly4 alone was able to produce hemolytic activity at high concertation and penetrate the lipid bilayer. We further demonstrated that domain 4 of Ply involved in the virulence of the bacteria in mouse model. In the absence of apoptotic activity, the virulence level caused by rPly4 was similar to that of full length Ply. Our data suggested that domain 4 of Ply alone with TLR4 agonist and hemolytic activity may play roles in virulence of Streptococcus pneumoniae.

13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 340, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are known to play an important role in the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Photo-thermosensitive genic male sterile (PTGMS) is a very important germplasm resource in two-line hybrid rice breeding. Although many circRNAs have been identified in rice (Oryza sativa L.), little is known about the biological roles of circRNAs in the fertility transition of the PTGMS rice line. RESULTS: In the present study, RNA-sequencing libraries were constructed from the young panicles of the Wuxiang S sterile line rice (WXS (S)) and its fertile line rice (WXS (F)) at three development stages with three biological replicates. A total of 9994 circRNAs were obtained in WXS rice based on high-throughput strand-specific RNA sequencing and bioinformatic approaches, of which 5305 were known circRNAs and 4689 were novel in rice. And 14 of 16 randomly selected circRNAs were experimentally validated with divergent primers. Our results showed that 186 circRNAs were significantly differentially expressed in WXS (F) compared with WXS (S), of which 97, 87 and 60 circRNAs were differentially expressed at the pollen mother cell (PMC) formation stage (P2), the meiosis stage (P3) and the microspore formation stage (P4), respectively. Fertility specific expression patterns of eight circRNAs were analysis by qRT-PCR. Gene ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway analysis of the parental genes of differentially expressed circRNAs (DECs) revealed that they mainly participated in various biological processes such as development, response to stimulation, hormonal regulation, and reproduction. Furthermore, 15 DECs were found to act as putative miRNA sponges to involved in fertility transition in PTGMS rice line. CONCLUSION: In the present study, the abundance and characteristics of circRNAs were investigated in the PTGMS rice line using bioinformatic approaches. Moreover, the expression patterns of circRNAs were different between WXS (F) and WXS (S). Our findings primarily revealed that circRNAs might be endogenous noncoding regulators of flower and pollen development, and were involved in the fertility transition in the PTGMS rice line, and guide the production and application of two-line hybrid rice.


Assuntos
Oryza/genética , RNA/genética , Fertilidade/genética , Fertilidade/fisiologia , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Genes de Plantas/genética , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Oryza/fisiologia , Pólen/crescimento & desenvolvimento , RNA/fisiologia
14.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insecticides are still the main method of mosquito control, but mosquito resistance presents a large obstacle. The function of mitochondrial genes in the evolution of insecticide resistance is still poorly understood. Pyrethroid is the most commonly used insecticide, and Anopheles sinensis is an important malaria vector in China and Southeast Asia. In this study, we investigated the mitochondrial genes associated with pyrethroid resistance through their genetic and expression variation based on analyses of transcriptomes and 36 individuals with resequencing in three geographical populations in China. RESULTS: The nucleotide diversity (Pi) in 18 resistant individuals was much lower than that in 18 susceptible individuals, which suggests that some sites experienced purifying selection subject to pyrethroid stress. Ka/Ks and amino acid analyses showed that ND4 experienced positive selection and had 23 amino acid mutations due to pyrethroid stress. These mutations might change the ND4 structure and function and thus alter the efficiency of the respiratory chain. ND5 was significantly upregulated, and ATP8 was significantly downregulated in these three pyrethroid resistant populations, which suggests that these two genes function in the production and maintenance of pyrethroid resistance. There are differences in mitochondrial genes involved in pyrethroid resistance among these three populations. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to reveal the association of mitochondrial genes in the evolution of insecticide resistance through amino acid mutation and expression patterns and can help us further understand insecticide resistance mechanisms. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

15.
IET Syst Biol ; 13(4): 186-193, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318336

RESUMO

Currently, the anti-viral therapy has been extensively utilised to reduce the viral burden and switch off certain infectious sources for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected patients in clinical treatment. Several pieces of existing evidence have demonstrated that large-scale coverage with anti-viral therapy has obtained a certain great contribution in hygiene and disease control. In this study, an anti-HBV mathematical model is considered and its control strategy of the drug treatment is designed. Based on the Lyapunov theory, this study derives three main theorems to propose three different control strategies, respectively, for drug treatments [inline-formula removed] and [inline-formula removed], such that all states of the anti-HBV model can finally converge to the infection-free equilibrium point [inline-formula removed] asymptotically. Especially, the designed drug treatment [inline-formula removed] or [inline-formula removed] is not a fixed value, but it is time-varying and dependent on states. In Theorem 1, the single drug treatment [inline-formula removed] without [inline-formula removed] is synthesised. Theorem 2 considers the single drug treatment [inline-formula removed] without [inline-formula removed]. In Theorem 3, the combination therapy of [inline-formula removed] and [inline-formula removed] is designed. Finally, there are several simulations to show that the proposed combination therapy is much more effective to cure HBV infected patients than the drug treatment with solely single [inline-formula removed] or single [inline-formula removed].

16.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 5389-5400, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Dendritic cell autophagy plays a pivotal role in asthma. Wuhu decoction can significantly improve respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis and delay its development into asthma. The aim of the present study was to explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Wuhu decoction on RSV -induced asthma in mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS Establishment of asthmatic mice model was induced by RSV. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining, and Masson trichrome staining were performed to observe pathological changes in the lungs. The levels of CD4⁺ T, CD8⁺ T, and CD4⁺ CD25⁺ T in blood were analyzed by flow cytometry. The contents of interleukin (IL)-4, interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), IL-10, and IL-13 in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The number of autophagosomes in dendritic cells (DCs) of lung tissue was observed by transmission electron microscope. The DCs of lung tissue were isolated by magnetic bead sorting. The levels of LC3-II, Beclin-1, and LC3-I in DCs and MMP-9, TIMP-1, AMPK, p-AMPK, ULK1, and LK1 expression in lung tissues were detected by western blot. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detected the expression of AMPK and ULK1 genes. RESULTS Wuhu decoction can effectively alleviate chronic airway inflammation and airway remodeling and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness. Moreover, Wuhu decoction can significantly enhance the level of autophagy in DCs of lung tissue and promote the expression of AMPK and ULK1 in lung tissue. CONCLUSIONS Wuhu decoction may improve the RSV-induced asthmatic symptoms by enhancing autophagy of DCs in lung tissue dependent on the AMPK/ULK1 signaling pathway.

17.
Turk J Med Sci ; 49(4): 1079-1084, 2019 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340633

RESUMO

Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of technical details of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) on the clinical outcomes of patients with infected necrotizing pancreatitis (INP). Materials and methods: A total of 44 INP patients treated in our hospital from October 2013 to October 2015 were included. The correlations of the first PCD treatment data and the clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results: The number of catheters was positively correlated with hospital readmission (r = 0.335, P = 0.032). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that patients with ≥ 3 catheters were more likely to have hospital readmission. Patients with pleural effusion undergoing thoracentesis were more likely to have new intensive care unit admission (P = 0.025) and bleeding in need of intervention (P = 0.032). Patients with more effusion regions had higher incidences of mortality (P = 0.012) and new intensive care unit admissions (2.44 ± 1.03 vs. 1.88 ± 0.80; P = 0.059). Patients with PCD only were less likely to have new intensive care unit admissions (22.22% vs. 54.55%; P = 0.038) than those with PCD + small incision or/and videoscopic assisted retroperitoneal debridement. Conclusion: Number of catheters greater than three was associated with unfavorable outcomes of PCD treatment in INP patients. Patients that received PCD treatment only had better outcomes.

18.
Chemistry ; 25(51): 11918-11923, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291029

RESUMO

The effective catalytic activity of organoaluminum compounds for the monohydroboration of carbodiimides has been demonstrated. Two aluminum complexes, 2 and 3, were synthesized and characterized. The efficient catalytic performances of four aluminum hydride complexes L1 AlH2 (L1 =HC(CMeNAr)2 , Ar=2,6-Et2 C6 H3 ; 1), L2 AlH2 (NMe3 ) (L2 =o-C6 H4 F(CH=N-Ar), Ar=2,6-Et2 C6 H3 ; 2), L3 AlH (L3 =2,6-bis(1-methylethyl)-N-(2-pyridinylmethylene)phenylamine; 3), and L4 AlH(NMe3 ) (L4 =o-C6 H4 (N-Dipp)(CH=N-Dipp), Dipp=2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 ; 4), and an aluminum alkyl complex L1 AlMe2 (5) were used for the monohydroboration of carbodiimides investigated under solvent-free and mild conditions. Compounds 1-3 and 5 can produce monohydroborated N-borylformamidine, whereas 4 can afford the C-borylformamidine product. A suggested mechanism of this reaction was explored, and the aluminum formamidinate compound 6 was characterized by single-crystal X-ray, also a stoichiometric reaction was investigated.

19.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 182: 110367, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344610

RESUMO

Effective hemostasis improvements for penetrating traumas remain a research priority for civilian and noncivilian applications. Herein, we fabricated an expandable keratin sponge (EKS) for the hemostatic treatment of a penetrating trauma based on the excellent hemostatic ability of keratin and the expandable property of polyacrylamide (PAM). EKSs with semi-interpenetrating networks were fabricated by radical polymerization of keratin and PAM, and the EKS showed rapid expansion upon blood absorption. This sponge exhibited effective hemostasis on a rat penetrating liver hemorrhage, and the expansion of the EKS was dependent on the bleeding volume. In addition, the results of a shear wave elastography analysis showed that the elasticity of the liver tissue increased from 12.5 kPa to 21.2 kPa after the penetrating liver trauma treated by the EKS, and the mechanical strength of the liver tissue was maintained after 1 h of the EKS application. Further in vivo tests indicated the effectiveness of the EKS for hemostasis in a swine femoral artery transection hemorrhage model. This EKS is promising for hemostatic applications.

20.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 2957-2966, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315467

RESUMO

Researchers have been exploring the genetic mechanisms underlying the control of liver regeneration (LR). However, an integrated analysis of circRNAs expression of rat regenerating livers during the proliferation phase has not been performed yet. For this purpose, circRNAs expression profile was globally analyzed by high-throughput sequencing. It showed that 10,003 circRNAs were detected, and 164 circRNAs were differentially expressed. Subsequently, 27 circRNAs were predicted to bind to 58 candidate miRNAs and compete for miRNA-binding sites with 2195 mRNAs. By applying GO and KEGG analysis, it was predicted that these circRNAs significantly participated in tissue regeneration, regulation of cell proliferation and Ras, p53, Wnt, Jak-STAT, MAPK signalling pathways. Based on the number of the corresponding miRNAs and their role enriched and reported in cell proliferation of LR or hepatocellular carcinoma, four kinds of circRNAs (circ_03848, circ_08236, circ_13398 and circ_15013) were considered as the key circRNAs. The predicted competing endogenous RNA networks and bioinformatics analysis revealed the potential role of these circRNAs in LR, which would provide useful information for understanding the mechanism of LR.

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