Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 384
Filtrar
1.
Mol Oncol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543520

RESUMO

We studied the value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in predicting early postoperative tumor recurrence and monitoring tumor burden in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Plasma-free DNA, germline DNA, and tissue DNA were isolated from 41 patients with HCC. Serial ctDNAs were analyzed by next-generation sequencing before and after operation. Whole-exome sequencing was used to detect the DNA of HCC and adjacent tissues. In total, 47 gene mutations were identified in the ctDNA of the 41 patients analyzed before surgery. ctDNA was detected in 63.4% and 46% of the patient plasma pre- and postoperation, respectively. The preoperative ctDNA positivity rate was significantly lower in the nonrecurrence group than in the recurrence group. With a median follow-up of 17.7 months, nine patients (22%) experienced tumor recurrence. ctDNA positivity at two time-points was associated with significantly shorter recurrence-free survival (RFS). Tumors with NRAS, NEF2L2, and MET mutations had significantly shorter times to recurrence than those without mutations and showed high recurrence prediction performance by machine learning. Multivariate analyses showed that the median variant allele frequency (VAF) of mutations in preoperative ctDNA was a strong independent predictor of RFS. ctDNA is a real-time monitoring indicator that can accurately reflect tumor burden. The median VAF of baseline ctDNA is a strong independent predictor of RFS in individuals with HCC.

2.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(6)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590153

RESUMO

The morbidity and mortality of pancreatic cancer have been continuously increasing, causing seven deaths per 100,000 individuals/year. At present, effective therapies are severely lacking, thus, highlighting the importance of developing novel therapeutic approaches. The present study aimed to investigate the inhibitory roles of the 2,3­oxidosqualene cyclase inhibitor, RO 48­8071 (RO), on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. RO was used to treat the pancreatic cancer cell line (PANC­1) in vitro to examine the effects of RO on cell viability, as well as to determine its potential molecular mechanism. Moreover, experiments in a xenograft model of subcutaneous tumors generated by injecting PANC­1 cells hypodermically into nude mice were performed to observe the inhibition of RO on tumor growth. It was found that RO inhibited PANC­1 cell viability when treatment was given for 24, 48 and 72 h. The in vivo study demonstrated that RO markedly inhibited subcutaneous tumor growth in nude mice. Further studies revealed that RO could induce cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase by regulating p27, cyclin B1 and cyclin E expression to inhibit PANC­1 cell viability. Moreover, RO inactivated the JNK and ERK MAPK signaling pathway by decreasing the phosphorylation levels of JNK and ERK. Collectively, the present study demonstrated that RO served anti­pancreatic cancer roles in vitro and in vivo, which may provide new ideas and facilitate the development of novel treatment options for pancreatic cancer.

3.
J Med Virol ; 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460118

RESUMO

Recently, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic. Several studies indicate that the digestive system can also be affected by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Therefore, patients with digestive symptoms should have a capsule endoscopy (CE). COVID-19 patients with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms who underwent CE were recruited from March 2020 to April 2020. We collected patients' data and performed a prospective follow-up study for 6 months. All 11 COVID-19 cases with GI symptoms who underwent CE presented gastritis. Eight cases (72.7%) had intestinal mucosa inflammation. Among them, two cases showed intestinal ulcers or erosions. Moreover, two cases displayed colonic mucositis. One case was lost during follow-up. At 3-6 months after hospital discharge, five patients underwent CE again, presenting gastrointestinal lesions. Five of the 10 cases had GI symptoms, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, and others. Among these five cases, the GI symptoms of three patients disappeared at the last follow-up and two patients still presented diarrhea symptoms. Overall, we observed damaged digestive tract mucosa that could be caused by SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, after discharge, some patients still presented intestinal lesions and GI symptoms.

4.
Diabetes ; 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380695

RESUMO

The mammalian focal adhesion proteins Pinch1/2 activate integrins and promote cell-ECM adhesion and migration; however, their roles in adipose tissue and metabolism are unclear. Here we find that high fat diet (HFD) feeding dramatically increases expression of Pinch1 protein in white adipose tissues (WAT) in mice. Furthermore, expression of Pinch1 is largely up-regulated in WAT in the Leptin-deficient ob/ob type 2 diabetic mice and obese humans. While mice with the loss of Pinch1 in adipocytes or global Pinch2 do not display any notable phenotypes, deleting Pinch1 in adipocytes and Pinch2 globally significantly decreases body weight and WAT mass in HFD-, but not normal chow diet (NCD)-, fed mice. Pinch loss ameliorates HFD-induced glucose intolerance and fatty liver. While Pinch loss decreases adipocyte size and alters adipocyte size distribution, it greatly accelerates cell apoptosis primarily in epididymal WAT and to a less extent subcutaneous WAT. In vitro studies demonstrate that Pinch loss accelerates adipocyte apoptosis by activating the Bim/Caspase-8 pathway. In vivo, genetic ablation of Caspase-8 expression in adipocytes essentially abolishes the ameliorating effects of Pinch deficiency on obesity, glucose intolerance and fatty liver in mice. Thus, we demonstrate a previously unknown function of Pinch in control of adipose mass, glucose and fat metabolism via modulation of adipocyte apoptosis. We may define a novel target for the prevention and treatment of metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetics.

5.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372529

RESUMO

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is an economically significant swine infectious agent. A PRV outbreak took place in China in 2011 with novel virulent variants. Although the association of viral genomic variability with pathogenicity is not fully confirmed, the knowledge concerning PRV genomic diversity and evolution is still limited. Here, we sequenced 54 genomes of novel PRV variants isolated in China from 2012 to 2017. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that China strains and US/Europe strains were classified into two separate genotypes. PRV strains isolated from 2012 to 2017 in China are highly related to each other and genetically close to classic China strains such as Ea, Fa, and SC. RDP analysis revealed 23 recombination events within novel PRV variants, indicating that recombination contributes significantly to the viral evolution. The selection pressure analysis indicated that most ORFs were under evolutionary constraint, and 19 amino acid residue sites in 15 ORFs were identified under positive selection. Additionally, 37 unique mutations were identified in 19 ORFs, which distinguish the novel variants from classic strains. Overall, our study suggested that novel PRV variants might evolve from classical PRV strains through point mutation and recombination mechanisms.

6.
J Med Virol ; 93(10): 5998-6007, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232513

RESUMO

In the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, we investigated the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of a young patient infected by avian influenza A (H5N6) virus in Anhui Province, East China, and analyzed genomic features of the pathogen in 2020. Through the cross-sectional investigation of external environment monitoring (December 29-31, 2020), 1909 samples were collected from Fuyang City. It was found that the positive rate of H5N6 was higher than other areas obviously in Tianma poultry market, where the case appeared. In addition, dual coinfections were detected with a 0.057% polymerase chain reaction positive rate the surveillance years. The virus was the clade 2.3.4.4, which was most likely formed by genetic reassortment between H5N6 and H9N2 viruses. This study found that the evolution rates of the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes of the virus were higher than those of common seasonal influenza viruses. The virus was still highly pathogenic to poultry and had a preference for avian receptor binding.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Aviária/virologia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Animais , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Genoma Viral/genética , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/classificação , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Mutação , Filogenia , Aves Domésticas/virologia , Vírus Reordenados/classificação , Vírus Reordenados/genética , Vírus Reordenados/isolamento & purificação , SARS-CoV-2 , Proteínas Virais/genética
7.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131615, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systematic evaluations of the cumulative effects and mortality displacement of ambient particulate matter (PM) pollution on deaths are lacking. We aimed to discern the cumulative effect profile of PM exposure, and investigate the presence of mortality displacement in a large-scale population. METHODS: We conducted a time-series analysis with different exposure-lag models on 13 cities in Jiangsu, China, to estimate the effects of PM pollution on non-accidental, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality (2015-2019). Over-dispersed Poisson generalized additive models were integrated with distributed lag models to estimate cumulative exposure effects, and assess mortality displacement. RESULTS: Pooled cumulative effect estimates with lags of 0-7 and 0-14 days were substantially larger than those with single-day and 2-day moving average lags. For each 10 µg/m3 increment in PM2.5 concentration with a cumulative lag of 0-7 days, we estimated an increase of 0.50 % (95 % CI: 0.29, 0.72), 0.63 % (95 % CI: 0.38, 0.88), and 0.50 % (95 % CI: 0.01, 1.01) in pooled estimates of non-accidental, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality, respectively. Both PM10 and PM2.5 were associated with significant increases in non-accidental and cardiovascular mortality with a cumulative lag of 0-14 days. We observed mortality displacement within 30 days for non-accidental, cardiovascular, and respiratory deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that risk assessment based on single-day or 2-day moving average lag structures may underestimate the adverse effects of PM pollution. The cumulative effects of PM exposure on non-accidental and cardiovascular mortality can last up to 14 days. Evidence of mortality displacement for non-accidental, cardiovascular, and respiratory deaths was found.

8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(13): 1552-1560, 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common public health problem worldwide. Recent studies have reported that socioeconomic status (SES) is related to the incidence of COPD. This study aimed to investigate the association between SES and COPD among adults in Jiangsu province, China, and to determine the possible direct and indirect effects of SES on the morbidity of COPD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adults aged 40 years and above between May and December of 2015 in Jiangsu province, China. Participants were selected using a multistage sampling approach. COPD, the outcome variable, was diagnosed by physicians based on spirometry, respiratory symptoms, and risk factors. Education, occupation, and monthly family average income (FAI) were used to separately indicate SES as the explanatory variable. Mixed-effects logistic regression models were introduced to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for examining the SES-COPD relationship. A pathway analysis was conducted to further explore the pulmonary function impairment of patients with different SES. RESULTS: The mean age of the 2421 participants was 56.63 ±â€Š9.62 years. The prevalence of COPD was 11.8% (95% CI: 10.5%-13.1%) among the overall sample population. After adjustment for age, gender, residence, outdoor and indoor air pollution, body weight status, cigarette smoking, and potential study area-level clustering effects, educational attainment was negatively associated with COPD prevalence in men; white collars were at lower risk (OR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.43-0.83) of experiencing COPD than blue collars; compared with those within the lower FAI subgroup, participants in the upper (OR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.49-0.97) tertiles were less likely to experience COPD. Such negative associations between all these three SES indicators and COPD were significant among men only. Education, FAI, and occupation had direct or indirect effects on pulmonary function including post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC), FEV1, FVC, and FEV1 percentage of predicted. Education, FAI, and occupation had indirect effects on pulmonary function indices of all participants mainly through smoking status, indoor air pollution, and outdoor air pollution. We also found that occupation could affect post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC through body mass index. CONCLUSIONS: Education, occupation, and FAI had an adverse relationship with COPD prevalence in Jiangsu province, China. SES has both direct and indirect associations with pulmonary function impairment. SES is of great significance for COPD morbidity. It is important that population-based COPD prevention strategies should be tailored for people with different SES.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Classe Social , Espirometria , Capacidade Vital
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268691

RESUMO

Particulate matters with an aerodynamic diameter ≤1 µm (PM1) significantly increased mortality risk, and the effect of PM1 was even greater than that of PM2.5 (aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm). But the quantitative impact of PM1 on life expectancy was unknown. We aim to examine the extent to which that people's life expectancy was shortened by PM1 and PM2.5. We obtained daily data on deaths, PM1 and PM2.5 records, and weather variables during 2016-2017 in Nanjing, China. Years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated by matching each decedent's age and sex to the Chinese life table. The fitted nonlinear dose-response associations of YLLs with PM1 and PM2.5 were estimated by utilizing a generalized additive model with a Gaussian link that controlled for confounding factors including meteorological variables, day of week, and long-term trend and seasonality. The effect estimates were presented as the YLLs when PM1 and PM2.5 concentrations fell in different ranges. Life expectancy losses attributable to PM1 and PM2.5 were calculated. Stratified analyses were also performed by age, sex, and death causes. Significant PM-YLL associations were observed, with greater increases in YLLs associated with PM1 (68.9 thousand). PM1 was estimated to reduce life expectancy, which was greater than PM2.5 (PM1: 1.67 years; PM2.5: 1.55 years). For PM1, greater years of loss in PM-related life expectancy were found in the female group, ≥65 years group, and cardiovascular disease group. Exposure to PM1 had a greater impact on life expectancy loss than did PM2.5. Constant efforts are urgently needed to control PM1 air pollution to improve people's longevity.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 792: 148259, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147788

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance constitutes a global challenge to public health. The common addition of Zn, Cu and other metals to animal feed and the widespread presence of metal ions in livestock and their receiving environments may be a factor that facilitates the proliferation of antimicrobial resistance via co-selection of antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) and metal resistance genes (MRGs). However, the extent of co-selection is not yet fully understood. In this study, we used a metagenomic approach to profile ARGs, MRGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) known to constitute potential ARG and MRG vectors of transmission, and we determined the concentration of metal ions to assess the interrelationships between the occurrence of ARGs, MRGs and metal concentrations in samples from pig farms in China. Samples analyzed included fresh pig feces, soils fertilized with treated slurry, and sediments from aquatic environments, where effluent from treated slurry was discharged. Resistance genes to tetracycline and zinc were the most commonly observed ARGs and MRGs for all three types of samples. Significant correlations were observed between the abundance of ARGs and MRGs, and between ARGs/MRGs and MGEs, and between metal and ARGs/MGEs as documented by Pearson's correlation analysis (r > 0.9, P < 0.001). Further network analysis revealed significant co-occurrence between specific ARGs and MRGs, between ARGs/MRGs and MGEs, and between specific metals (Zn, Cr, and Mn) and ARGs and MGEs. Collectively, our findings demonstrate a high level of co-occurrence of antimicrobial and metal resistance genes in slurry from pig farms and their surrounding environments. The results suggest that metals added to pig feed might facilitate co-selection of ARGs and MGEs in the pig production environments, thereby resulting in a bigger pool of mobile ARGs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Genes Bacterianos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Fezes , Metagenômica , Suínos
11.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is an important risk factor for severe acute pancreatitis. The necrosis of epididymal adipose tissue occurs in severe acute pancreatitis. Adipose tissue macrophages play an important role in metabolic related inflammation. Therefore, we explored the potential mechanisms between adipose tissue macrophages and obesity-related severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Severe acute pancreatitis mice model was induced by caerulein with lipopolysaccharide. The severity of severe acute pancreatitis was evaluated according to the morphological, general, and biochemical change. We assessed the injury of epididymal white adipose tissue, pancreas, and adipose tissue macrophages in obese mice and lean mice with severe acute pancreatitis. Outcomes of caerulein-induced severe acute pancreatitis were studied in lean and obese mice with or without lipase inhibitor orlistat. RESULTS: Fat necrosis and pancreatic injury increased in the SAP groups. High levels of serum free fatty acid and triglyceride were increased significantly in the SAP group. The NLRP3-caspase1 inflammasome signal pathway in adipose tissue macrophages markedly enhanced in the SAP groups compared with control group. Free fatty acid can trigger macrophages inflammation through NLRP3-caspase1. Lipase inhibited by orlistat remarkably decreased in adipose tissue necrosis, and the levels of serum lipase, amylase, and pancreatic tissue damage decreased in the orlistat group compared with the SAP group. The NLRP3-caspase1 inflammasome pathway in adipose tissue macrophages markedly decreased in the orlistat groups compared with SAP group. The levels of serum free fatty acid and triglyceride were decreased significantly in the orlistat group. CONCLUSIONS: Inflammation increases in adipose tissue macrophages of obese mice with severe acute pancreatitis. Free fatty acid generated via adipocyte lipolysis worsens inflammation in adipose tissue macrophages and the outcome of severe acute pancreatitis in obese mice through the NLRP3-caspase1 inflammasome pathway.

12.
Pancreatology ; 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088592

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Macrophages are involved in obesity-associated inflammation and severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) development. However, the role of adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) in obesity-related SAP has not been fully elucidated. We investigated the relationship between ATMs and inflammatory responses in SAP model mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS: SAP was induced in animal models via intraperitoneal injections of caerulein and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). SAP severity was evaluated, both morphologically and biochemically, and macrophage infiltration in the pancreas and epididymal adipose tissue was measured. We also analyzed apoptosis levels, polarization of the ATMs, and expression of inflammatory mediators in epididymal adipose tissue. RESULTS: Obesity increased disease severity in SAP animals. Increased macrophage infiltration in the pancreas induced by SAP was found in both normal diet (ND)- and HFD-fed mice. Total ATM infiltration in epididymal adipose tissue was elevated by HFD, while a significant decrease in infiltration was observed in both the ND + SAP and HFD + SAP groups. The apoptosis levels of ATMs were reduced in the HFD group, but were markedly enhanced in both the ND + SAP and HFD + SAP groups compared to their respective control groups. Higher levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were observed in the HFD + SAP than in the ND + SAP group. Increased proportion of M1 type ATMs was induced by both HFD and SAP. CONCLUSIONS: Total ATM infiltration was decreased in epididymal adipose tissue of SAP animals. ATM polarization to the M1 type resulted in an amplified inflammatory response in obese mice with SAP.

13.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 255, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for determining the T category of gastric cancer is variable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the superiority of EUS by using the 6th edition American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for stomach cancer compared to the new 7th/8th edition. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of clinical and EUS imaging features of 348 gastric carcinoma patients who underwent radical resection were retrospectively analyzed. Differences between the 6th and 7th/8th edition T staging systems for preoperative EUS evaluation were compared. RESULTS: The accuracy of EUS T staging was 72.4% for the 7th/8th edition and 78.4% for the 6th edition. T3 stage accuracy was significantly worse when the T3 group status was changed. The tumor location, echoendoscope type, and histological type were associated with inaccuracy. We further analyzed the EUS image features for each tumor T stage and found that an indistinctly visible muscularis propria (MP) or with obvious thickening was considered an indicator of lesions involved in the MP with a sensitivity of 81.3%; an MP completely disappeared and accompanied with a serosal layer intact may be a marker that the lesion invaded to the subserosa. We also found that irregularities in the outer edge of the gastric wall were markers of gastric serosal layer penetration with a positive predictive value of 92.2%. CONCLUSIONS: The increased complexity of the 7th/8th edition T staging system is accompanied by worsening of the predictive accuracy for EUS as compared to the 6th edition. Furthermore, the tumor location, echoendoscope type, histological type, and EUS image features for each tumor T stage should warrant attention.


Assuntos
Endossonografia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Estados Unidos
14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(10): 7094-7101, 2021 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955737

RESUMO

Capturing gaseous Hg0 using regenerable metal sulfides is a promising technology to recover gaseous Hg0 from both coal-fired flue gas (CFG) and smelting flue gas (SFG) for the centralized control. Gaseous Hg0 concentration in SFG is 2-3 orders of magnitude higher than that in CFG; therefore, the design strategy of metal sulfides for capturing gaseous Hg0 from CFG is quite different from that from SGF. In this work, the structure-activity relationship of metal sulfides to capture Hg0 was investigated according to the remarkable difference in MoO3 loading on sulfureted FeTiOx to capture low/high concentrations of gaseous Hg0. The rate of Hg0 adsorption onto metal sulfides was mainly related to the amounts of adsorption sites and S22- on the surface, the affinity of adsorption sites to gaseous Hg0, and the gaseous Hg0 concentration. Meanwhile, the capacity for Hg0 adsorption was approximately equal to the less of the amount of adsorption sites and S22- on the surface. Furthermore, capturing low concentrations of gaseous Hg0 from CFG required the metal sulfide sorbents having more adsorption sites with strong affinity to gaseous Hg0, while capturing high concentrations of gaseous Hg0 from SFG required the sorbents with enough adsorption sites.


Assuntos
Gases , Mercúrio , Adsorção , Carvão Mineral , Centrais Elétricas , Sulfetos
15.
Vet Microbiol ; 257: 109074, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940460

RESUMO

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a reemerging Alphacoronavirus that causes lethal diarrhea in piglets. Coronavirus nonstructural protein 13 (nsp13) encodes helicase, which plays pivotal roles during viral replication by unwinding viral RNA. However, the biochemical characterization of PEDV nsp13 remains largely unknown. In this study, PEDV nsp13 was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. The recombinant nsp13 possessed ATPase and helicase activities for binding and unwinding dsDNA/RNA substrates with 5'-overhangs, and Mg2+ and Mn2+ were critical for its ATPase and helicase activities. PEDV nsp13 also unwound dsDNA into ssDNA in the pH from 6.0-9.0, and used energy from all nucleoside triphosphates and deoxynucleoside triphosphates. Site-directed mutagenesis demonstrated that Lys289 (K289) of PEDV nsp13 was essential for its ATPase and helicase activities. These results provide new insights into the biochemical properties of PEDV nsp13, which is a potential target for developing antiviral drugs.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/enzimologia , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Chlorocebus aethiops , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , DNA Helicases/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Células Vero
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(18): e25753, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950960

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Due to difficulty in early diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis (CP), it is urgent to find novel biomarkers to detect CP. Exosomal microRNAs (Exo-miRNAs) located in the serum may be potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets for CP. OBJECTIVE: To identify differentially expressed Exo-miRNAs (DE-Exo-miRNAs) in the serum of CP patients, we performed a bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: The dataset GSE128508 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The analysis was carried out using BRB-ArrayTools and significance analysis of microarrays (SAM). The target genes of DE-S-Exo-miRNAs were predicted by miRWalk databases. Further gene ontology (GO) term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed with plug-in ClueGO in Cytoscape software 3.7.0. Subsequently, the interaction regulatory network between encoded proteins of target genes was performed with the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) database and analyzed using plug-in Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) and cytoHubba in Cytoscape software 3.7.0. RESULTS: We identified 227 DE-Exo-miRNAs in the serum. Further analysis using the miRWalk database identified 5164 target genes of these miRNAs. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) regulatory network of 1912 potential target genes for hub 10 up-regulated miRNAs with high degrees and one down-regulated miRNAs were constructed using the STRING database and Cytoscape software. The functional analysis using Cytoscape software tool highlighted that target genes involved in pancreatic cancer. Acinar-ductal metaplasia (ADM) in the inflammatory environment of CP is a precursor of pancreatic cancer. Subsequently, we constructed a network of target genes associated with ADM and their miRNAs. CONCLUSIONS: Exo-miRNAs in the serum as well as their target genes may be promising targets for the early diagnosis and treatment of CP. In addition, we identified potential Exo-miRNAs involved in ADM that is a precursor of pancreatic cancer associated with CP.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/sangue , Pâncreas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Pancreatite Crônica/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biologia Computacional , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Exossomos/metabolismo , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Metaplasia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Pancreatite Crônica/sangue , Pancreatite Crônica/imunologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/sangue , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/genética , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética
17.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 22(6): 146-153, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955134

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a simulation model for GammaMed Plus high dose rate 192 Ir brachytherapy source in TOPAS Monte Carlo software and validate it by calculating the TG-43 dosimetry parameters and comparing them with published data. METHODS: We built a model for GammaMed Plus high dose rate brachytherapy source in TOPAS. The TG-43 dosimetry parameters including air-kerma strength SK , dose-rate constant Λ, radial dose function gL (r), and 2D anisotropy function F(r,θ) were calculated using Monte Carlo simulation with Geant4 physics models and NNDC 192 Ir spectrum. Calculations using an old 192 Ir spectrum were also carried out to evaluate the impact of incident spectrum and cross sections. The results were compared with published data. RESULTS: For calculations using the NNDC spectrum, the air-kerma strength per unit source activity SK /A and Λ were 1.0139 × 10-7 U/Bq and 1.1101 cGy.h-1 .U-1 , which were 3.56% higher and 0.62% lower than the reference values, respectively. The gL (r) agreed with reference values within 1% for radial distances from 2 mm to 20 cm. For radial distances of 1, 3, 5, and 10 cm, the agreements between F(r,θ) from this work and the reference data were within 1.5% for 15° < Î¸ < 165°, and within 4% for all θ values. The discrepancies were attributed to the updated source spectrum and cross sections. They caused deviations of the SK /A of 2.90% and 0.64%, respectively. As for gL (r), they caused average deviations of -0.22% and 0.48%, respectively. Their impact on F(r,θ) was not quantified for the relatively high statistical uncertainties, but basically they did not result in significant discrepancies. CONCLUSION: A model for GammaMed Plus high dose rate 192 Ir brachytherapy source was developed in TOPAS and validated following TG-43 protocols, which can be used for future studies. The impact of updated incident spectrum and cross sections on the dosimetry parameters was quantified.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Anisotropia , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Método de Monte Carlo , Radiometria , Dosagem Radioterapêutica
19.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(2): 211-218, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877537

RESUMO

The association between meteorological factors and infectious diarrhea has been widely studied in many countries. However, investigation among children under 5 years old in Jiangsu, China remains quite limited. Data including infectious diarrhea cases among children under five years old and daily meteorological indexes in Jiangsu, China from 2015 to 2019 were collected. The lag-effects up to 21 days of daily maximum temperature (Tmax) on infectious diarrhea were explored using a quasi-Poisson regression with a distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) approach. The cases number of infectious diarrhea was significantly associated with seasonal variation of meteorological factors, and the burden of disease mainly occurred among children aged 0-2 years old. Moreover, when the reference value was set at 16.7°C, Tmax had a significant lag-effect on cases of infectious diarrhea among children under 5 years old in Jiangsu Province, which was increased remarkably in cold weather with the highest risk at 8°C. The results of DLNM analysis implicated that the lag-effect of Tmax varied among the 13 cities in Jiangsu and had significant differences in 8 cities. The highest risk of Tmax was presented at 5 lag days in Huaian with a maximum RR of 1.18 (95% CI: 1.09, 1.29). Suzhou which had the highest number of diarrhea cases (15830 cases), had a maximum RR of 1.04 (95% CI:1.03, 1.05) on lag 15 days. Tmax is a considerable indicator to predict the epidemic of infectious diarrhea among 13 cities in Jiangsu, which reminds us that in cold seasons, more preventive strategies and measures should be done to prevent infectious diarrhea.

20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(8)2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924152

RESUMO

Accurate and reliable motion intention perception and prediction are keys to the exoskeleton control system. In this paper, a motion intention prediction algorithm based on sEMG signal is proposed to predict joint angle and heel strike time in advance. To ensure the accuracy and reliability of the prediction algorithm, the proposed method designs the sEMG feature extraction network and the online adaptation network. The feature extraction utilizes the convolution autoencoder network combined with muscle synergy characteristics to get the high-compression sEMG feature to aid motion prediction. The adaptation network ensures the proposed prediction method can still maintain a certain prediction accuracy even the sEMG signals distribution changes by adjusting some parameters of the feature extraction network and the prediction network online. Ten subjects were recruited to collect surface EMG data from nine muscles on the treadmill. The proposed prediction algorithm can predict the knee angle 101.25 ms in advance with 2.36 degrees accuracy. The proposed prediction algorithm also can predict the occurrence time of initial contact 236±9 ms in advance. Meanwhile, the proposed feature extraction method can achieve 90.71±3.42% accuracy of sEMG reconstruction and can guarantee 73.70±5.01% accuracy even when the distribution of sEMG is changed without any adjustment. The online adaptation network enhances the accuracy of sEMG reconstruction of CAE to 87.65±3.83% and decreases the angle prediction error from 4.03∘ to 2.36∘. The proposed method achieves effective motion prediction in advance and alleviates the influence caused by the non-stationary of sEMG.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Intenção , Algoritmos , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Movimento (Física) , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...