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2.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195947

RESUMO

Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) puts the visual prognosis at risk, and rapid diagnosis is compulsory. Cotton wool spots, due to focal inner retinal ischemia, are an early diagnostic ophthalmological sign. However, atypical presentations, such as uveitis, especially in the anterior chamber, can delay diagnosis. We report on a 75-year-old woman with GCA who initially presented with anterior uveitis, systemic inflammation, and negative exhaustive work-up including positron emission tomography (PET) scan. In the following weeks, she subsequently developed large vessel vasculitis and cotton wool spots linked to retinal arteriolar hypoperfusion. Anterior uveitis has been reported rarely in GCA. Our case stresses that uveitis onset can precede large vessels vasculitis and typical symptoms of GCA. PET-scan is a useful tool for atypical GCA, but its sensitivity is not perfect, and its repetition can be helpful in selected cases such as in that of this patient.

5.
Joint Bone Spine ; 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30053612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of salivary gland ultrasonography for the diagnosis of primary and secondary Sjögren's syndromes (pSS and sSS). METHOD: Multicenter cross-sectional study on 97 patients with clinical sicca symptoms. The pSS (n = 22) met the American-European Consensus Group (AECG) classification criteria. The control patients (n = 36) with sicca symptoms did not fulfill the AECG criteria. Four scores were used to evaluate the 4 major salivary gland echostructure: the Salaffi score (0-16), Jousse-Joulin score (0-4), Hocevar score (0-48) and Milic score (0-12). RESULTS: The medians of ultrasonographic (US) scores were higher in the pSS and sSS groups than in the control group (P < 0.001). The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the positive likelihood ratio (LR+) of the four scores showed a good diagnostic performance for the US diagnosis of pSS and sSS. Respectively, for pSS and sSS, the AUC were 0.891 (95%CI 0.812-0.970) and 0.824 (95%CI 0.695-0.954) for Hocevar score, 0.885 (95%CI 0.804-0.965) and 0.808 (95%CI 0.673-0.943) for Milic score, 0.915 (95%CI 0.848-0.982) and 0.844 (95%CI 0.724-0.965) for Salaffi score, 0.897 (95%CI 0.821-0.973) and 0.851 (95%CI 0.735-0.968) for Jousse-Joulin score. This study showed an interesting inter-observer reproducibility (kappa = 0.714 ± 0.131) of the US evaluation with 85.7% agreement between reader to determine the pathological character of the salivary glands. CONCLUSION: Salivary gland US is a simple, non-invasive and performant imaging procedure for the diagnosis of pSS and sSS, with Salaffi, Milic and Jousse-Joulin scores.

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(4): 563-570, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29306872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to use the opportunity provided by the European Scleroderma Observational Study to (1) identify and describe those patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) with progressive skin thickness, and (2) derive prediction models for progression over 12 months, to inform future randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) was recorded every 3 months in 326 patients. 'Progressors' were defined as those experiencing a 5-unit and 25% increase in mRSS score over 12 months (±3 months). Logistic models were fitted to predict progression and, using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, were compared on the basis of the area under curve (AUC), accuracy and positive predictive value (PPV). RESULTS: 66 patients (22.5%) progressed, 227 (77.5%) did not (33 could not have their status assessed due to insufficient data). Progressors had shorter disease duration (median 8.1 vs 12.6 months, P=0.001) and lower mRSS (median 19 vs 21 units, P=0.030) than non-progressors. Skin score was highest, and peaked earliest, in the anti-RNA polymerase III (Pol3+) subgroup (n=50). A first predictive model (including mRSS, duration of skin thickening and their interaction) had an accuracy of 60.9%, AUC of 0.666 and PPV of 33.8%. By adding a variable for Pol3 positivity, the model reached an accuracy of 71%, AUC of 0.711 and PPV of 41%. CONCLUSIONS: Two prediction models for progressive skin thickening were derived, for use both in clinical practice and for cohort enrichment in RCTs. These models will inform recruitment into the many clinical trials of dcSSc projected for the coming years. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02339441.

7.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(2): 370-381, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29207002

RESUMO

Objectives: Our aim was to describe the burden of early dcSSc in terms of disability, fatigue and pain in the European Scleroderma Observational Study cohort, and to explore associated clinical features. Methods: Patients completed questionnaires at study entry, 12 and 24 months, including the HAQ disability index (HAQ-DI), the Cochin Hand Function Scale (CHFS), the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-fatigue and the Short Form 36 (SF36). Associates examined included the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), current digital ulcers and internal organ involvement. Correlations between 12-month changes were also examined. Results: The 326 patients recruited (median disease duration 11.9 months) displayed high levels of disability [mean (s.d.) HAQ-DI 1.1 (0.83)], with 'grip' and 'activity' being most affected. Of the 18 activities assessed in the CHFS, those involving fine finger movements were most affected. High HAQ-DI and CHFS scores were both associated with high mRSS (ρ = 0.34, P < 0.0001 and ρ = 0.35, P < 0.0001, respectively). HAQ-DI was higher in patients with digital ulcers (P = 0.004), pulmonary fibrosis (P = 0.005), cardiac (P = 0.005) and muscle involvement (P = 0.002). As anticipated, HAQ-DI, CHFS, the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy and SF36 scores were all highly correlated, in particular the HAQ-DI with the CHFS (ρ = 0.84, P < 0.0001). Worsening HAQ-DI over 12 months was strongly associated with increasing mRSS (ρ = 0.40, P < 0.0001), decreasing hand function (ρ = 0.57, P < 0.0001) and increasing fatigue (ρ = -0.53, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: The European Scleroderma Observational Study highlights the burden of disability in early dcSSc, with high levels of disability and fatigue, associating with the degree of skin thickening (mRSS). Impaired hand function is a major contributor to overall disability.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Europa (Continente) , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Dedos , Força da Mão , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia
8.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 90(8): 865-871, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28766012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A single-center case-control study was carried out to investigate the relationship between occupational and environmental exposure and organizing pneumonia (OP). METHODS: Thirty-seven cases of OP, including 25 cases of cryptogenic OP, and 111 controls were included. Occupational exposure was assessed retrospectively by an industrial hygienist and an occupational physician, through semi-quantitative estimates of exposure. An exposure score was calculated for each subject, based on probability, intensity, daily frequency, and duration of exposure for each period of employment. The final cumulative exposure score was obtained by summing exposure scores for all periods of employment. RESULTS: Significant associations with all-cause OP were observed for exposure to tetrachloroethylene (OR 13.33, CI 95% 1.44-123.5) and silica (OR 6.61, CI 95% 1.16-37.71). A significant association with cryptogenic OP was observed only for tetrachloroethylene (OR 31.6, CI 95% 1.64-610.8). No associations were found for environmental exposure. CONCLUSION: Despite its low statistical power, this work suggests that occupational risk factors could be involved in OP.


Assuntos
Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais , Fatores de Risco , Dióxido de Silício , Tetracloroetileno/efeitos adversos
9.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 69(11): 2175-2186, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28678392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In most patients with nonsevere systemic necrotizing vasculitides (SNVs), remission is achieved with glucocorticoids alone, but one-third experience a relapse within 2 years. This study was undertaken to determine whether the addition of azathioprine (AZA) to glucocorticoids could achieve a higher sustained remission rate of newly diagnosed nonsevere eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss) (EGPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), or polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). METHODS: All patients included in this double-blind trial received glucocorticoids, gradually tapered over 12 months, and were randomized to receive AZA or placebo for 12 months, with stratification according to SNV (EGPA or MPA/PAN). The primary end point was the combined rate of remission induction failures and minor or major relapses at month 24. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients (51 with EGPA, 25 with MPA, and 19 with PAN) met the inclusion criteria, were randomized, and received at least 1 dose of AZA (n = 46) or placebo (n = 49). At month 24, 47.8% of the patients receiving AZA versus 49% of the patients receiving placebo had remission induction failures or relapses (P = 0.86). Secondary end points were comparable between the AZA and placebo arms. These included initial remission rate (95.7% versus 87.8%), total relapse rate (44.2% versus 40.5%), and glucocorticoid use. Two patients in the placebo arm died; 22 patients in the AZA arm (47.8%) and 23 patients in the placebo arm (46.9%) experienced ≥1 severe adverse event. For EGPA patients, the primary end point (48% in the AZA arm versus 46.2% in the placebo arm) and the percent of patients who experienced asthma/rhinosinusitis exacerbations (24% in the AZA arm versus 19.2% in the placebo arm) were comparable between treatment arms. CONCLUSION: Addition of AZA to glucocorticoids for the induction of remission of nonsevere SNVs does not improve remission rates, lower relapse risk, spare steroids, or diminish the EGPA asthma/rhinosinusitis exacerbation rate.


Assuntos
Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Poliangiite Microscópica/tratamento farmacológico , Poliarterite Nodosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Progressão da Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Rinite/induzido quimicamente , Sinusite/induzido quimicamente
11.
Clin Rheumatol ; 36(9): 2055-2062, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28405843

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA), following high dose of corticosteroids (CS). Thirty patients with GCA who had stopped CS or who were under long-term low dose of CS were included and matched to 60 controls. QOL was measured by the SF-36 score and a specific questionnaire. GCA patients had no impairment of QOL compared to controls according to SF-36. Most of them (57%) estimated that their general condition was improved following treatment. Patients with GCA complications or CS therapy side effects had no significant impairment of their QOL compared with patients without complications or adverse effects. Only the patients who had gained weight had a lower score on the domain "Vitality" (VT; p = 0.013). Walking difficulties were the most frequent complaints. They were associated with impaired scores on the physical summary score (p = 0.0340) and on the "General Health" (GH; p = 0.005) and "Physical Functioning" (PF, p = 0.0298) domains. Falls among GCA patients were associated with altered scores on the domain VT (p = 0.0058) and on the mental summary score if they had fallen at least three times (p = 0.0460). GCA patients following high dose of CS or under long-term low doses of CS have no significant impairment of their QOL compared to controls. GCA complications, including visual impairment, do not seem to have any major impact on QOL.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , França , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 46(6): 759-766, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28214014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ischemic digital ulcers (DU) represent a major complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). We investigated the impact of controlling the ulcerative disease on disability, pain, and quality of life in SSc patients receiving bosentan. METHODS: ECLIPSE (Study AC-052-517) is a 2-year prospective, multicenter, and observational study. Patients with SSc who experienced at least 1 DU in the previous year and received bosentan were included between October 2009 and March 2011. Disability scores [Cochin Hand Function Scale (CHFS) and Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI)], pain scores (visual analog scale), and quality-of-life scores (SF-36) were collected at inclusion and 1 year later (primary endpoint). A controlled ulcerative disease was defined by the absence of ongoing/new DU episode between inclusion and 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Data were available at 1 year for 120 patients out of 190 included. During follow-up, 46 (38.3%) patients experienced a new DU episode. The number of DU per patient decreased from 1.4 ± 1.8 at inclusion to 0.6 ± 1.6 (p < 0.0001) at 1 year. Disability scores decreased from 1.0 ± 0.7 to 0.9 ± 0.7 (p = 0.04) for the HAQ-DI and from 29 ± 20 to 25 ± 20 (p = 0.005) for the CHFS; the pain score decreased from 4.3 ± 3.1 to 2.9 ± 2.8 (p < 0.0001). This improvement was attributed to patients with a controlled ulcerative disease (48.3%), who significantly improved HAQ-DI (p = 0.04), CHFS (p = 0.04), and pain score (p = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with SSc, control of the ulcerative disease for 1 year was associated with significant attenuation of hand disability.


Assuntos
Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina/uso terapêutico , Mãos/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Úlcera Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Bosentana , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Úlcera Cutânea/diagnóstico , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 76(7): 1207-1218, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28188239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The rarity of early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) makes randomised controlled trials very difficult. We aimed to use an observational approach to compare effectiveness of currently used treatment approaches. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational cohort study of early dcSSc (within three years of onset of skin thickening). Clinicians selected one of four protocols for each patient: methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), cyclophosphamide or 'no immunosuppressant'. Patients were assessed three-monthly for up to 24 months. The primary outcome was the change in modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS). Confounding by indication at baseline was accounted for using inverse probability of treatment (IPT) weights. As a secondary outcome, an IPT-weighted Cox model was used to test for differences in survival. RESULTS: Of 326 patients recruited from 50 centres, 65 were prescribed methotrexate, 118 MMF, 87 cyclophosphamide and 56 no immunosuppressant. 276 (84.7%) patients completed 12 and 234 (71.7%) 24 months follow-up (or reached last visit date). There were statistically significant reductions in mRSS at 12 months in all groups: -4.0 (-5.2 to -2.7) units for methotrexate, -4.1 (-5.3 to -2.9) for MMF, -3.3 (-4.9 to -1.7) for cyclophosphamide and -2.2 (-4.0 to -0.3) for no immunosuppressant (p value for between-group differences=0.346). There were no statistically significant differences in survival between protocols before (p=0.389) or after weighting (p=0.440), but survival was poorest in the no immunosuppressant group (84.0%) at 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: These findings may support using immunosuppressants for early dcSSc but suggest that overall benefit is modest over 12 months and that better treatments are needed. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02339441.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Esclerodermia Difusa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
PLoS One ; 11(9): e0160283, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27617966

RESUMO

In a pilot ProtoArray analysis, we identified 6 proteins out of 9483 recognized by autoantibodies (AAb) from patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). We further investigated the 6 candidates by ELISA on hundreds of controls and patients, including patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), known for high sera reactivity and overlapping AAb with SSc. Only 2 of the 6 candidates, Ephrin type-B receptor 2 (EphB2) and Three prime Histone mRNA EXonuclease 1 (THEX1), remained significantly recognized by sera samples from SSc compared to controls (healthy or with rheumatic diseases) with, respectively, 34% versus 14% (P = 2.10-4) and 60% versus 28% (P = 3.10-8). Above all, EphB2 and THEX1 revealed to be mainly recognized by SLE sera samples with respectively 56%, (P = 2.10-10) and 82% (P = 5.10-13). As anti-EphB2 and anti-THEX1 AAb were found in both diseases, an epitope mapping was realized on each protein to refine SSc and SLE diagnosis. A 15-mer peptide from EphB2 allowed to identify 35% of SLE sera samples (N = 48) versus only 5% of any other sera samples (N = 157), including SSc sera samples. AAb titers were significantly higher in SLE sera (P<0.0001) and correlated with disease activity (p<0.02). We could not find an epitope on EphB2 protein for SSc neither on THEX1 for SSc or SLE. We showed that patients with SSc or SLE have AAb against EphB2, a protein involved in angiogenesis, and THEX1, a 3'-5' exoribonuclease involved in histone mRNA degradation. We have further identified a peptide from EphB2 as a specific and sensitive tool for SLE diagnosis.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Exorribonucleases/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Receptor EphB2/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Mapeamento de Epitopos , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
Autoimmun Rev ; 15(10): 994-1000, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27481038

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare respiratory manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), characterized by dyspnea, chest pain, elevated hemidiaphragm and a restrictive pattern on pulmonary function tests. Here, we report 15 new observations of SLS during SLE and provide a systematic literature review. We studied the clinical, biological, functional and morphologic characteristics, the treatments used and their efficacy. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were all patients with SLE defined by the American College of Rheumatology criteria Hochberg (1997) , associated with a restrictive pattern on pulmonary function tests. The exclusion criteria were all differential diagnoses of restrictive patterns, including obesity and pulmonary fibrosis. The patients were recruited from local databases through chest physicians, rheumatologists and internists. The data for the literature review were extracted from the Medline database using "shrinking lung syndrome" and "lupus" as key words. RESULTS: All 15 new cases were women with a median age at SLS onset of 27years old (range 17-67years). All of them complained of dyspnea and all but one of chest pain. The antibodies were similar to those found in SLE, although the anti-SS-A was positive in 10 of 13 cases. Thoracic imaging showed elevated hemidiaphragm (12/15) and/or basal atelectasia (8/15). All of the patients had an isolated restrictive pattern on PFT, with a median decrease >50% of lung volume. All of the patients were treated, using corticosteroids (11/15), immunosuppressive drugs (8/15), beta-mimetics (2/15), physiotherapy (3/15) and/or colchicine (1/15). Improvement was described in 9 of 12 patients and stability in 3 of 12. We extracted 155 cases of SLE-associated SLS from the Medline database. The clinical, biological and functional parameters were similar to our cases. Clinical improvement was described in 48 of 52 cases (94%) and PFT improvement in 36 of 47 cases. Worsening occurred in 4 cases. CONCLUSION: SLS is a rare SLE manifestation. Pain and parietal inflammation seem to play important pathogenic roles. Steroids and antalgics are the most commonly used therapies with good responses. There is no proof of efficacy with immunosuppressive drugs for this entity. Rituximab can be discussed after failure of corticosteroids, as well as antalgics, theophylline and beta-mimetics.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumopatias/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 34 Suppl 100(5): 43-48, 2016 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27385538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare autoimmune disease (AID) with a complex genetic etiology. Evidence for a shared pathogenesis across AIDs is given by the well-known pleiotropism of autoimmune genes. Recently, several unbiased approaches have identified an association between polymorphisms of the CD2 gene, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility. The objective of this study was to investigate whether CD2 polymorphisms are associated with SSc. METHODS: Two SNPs of CD2, rs624988 and rs798036, were genotyped in a total of 1,786 SSc patients and 2,360 healthy individuals from two European populations (France and Italy). Meta-analyses were performed to assess whether an association exists between CD2 polymorphisms or haplotypes and SSc or its main subtypes. RESULTS: The combined analyses revealed an association between the rs624988 A allele and SSc susceptibility: padj=0.023, OR=1.14 (95%CI 1.04-1.25). Single marker analysis did not reveal any association between rs798036 and SSc. Haplotype analysis identified that the A-T haplotype, previously described in RA, was associated with higher susceptibility for SSc (padj=0.029, OR=1.14, 95%CI 1.04-1.25) and with the positive anti-centromere antibody sub-group of SSc patients (padj=0.009, OR=1.19 95%CI 1.07-1.32). Genotype-mRNA expression correlations revealed that the CD2 risk haplotype was associated with decreased CD2 mRNA expression in SSc patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our study establishes CD2 as a new susceptibility factor for SSc, in a European Caucasian population, confirming the sharing of autoimmune risk factors by SSc and RA.


Assuntos
Autoimunidade/genética , Antígenos CD2/genética , Haplótipos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD2/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fenótipo , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia
17.
Eur Respir Rev ; 25(140): 110-23, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27246587

RESUMO

In 9-20% of cases, Sjögren's syndrome is associated with various respiratory symptoms. The most typical manifestations are chronic interstitial lung disease (ILD) and tracheobronchial disease. The most common manifestation of ILD is nonspecific interstitial pneumonia in its fibrosing variant. Other types of ILD, such as organising pneumonia, usual interstitial pneumonia and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis, are rare. Their radiological presentation is less distinctive, and definitive diagnosis may require the use of transbronchial or surgical lung biopsy. Corticosteroid therapy is the mainstay of ILD treatment in Sjögren's syndrome, but the use of other immunosuppressive drugs needs to be determined. ILD is a significant cause of death in Sjögren's syndrome. Tracheobronchial disease is common in Sjögren's syndrome, characterised by diffuse lymphocytic infiltration of the airway. It is sometimes responsible for a crippling chronic cough. It can also present in the form of bronchial hyperresponsiveness, bronchiectasis, bronchiolitis or recurrent respiratory infections. The management of these manifestations may require treatment for dryness and/or inflammation of the airways. Airway disease has little effect on respiratory function and is rarely the cause of death in Sjögren's syndrome patients. Rare respiratory complications such as amyloidosis, lymphoma or pulmonary hypertension should not be disregarded in Sjögren's syndrome patients.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/etiologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/imunologia , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumopatias/mortalidade , Pneumopatias/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Testes de Função Respiratória , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/mortalidade , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Autoimmun Rev ; 15(6): 571-6, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26903476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare clinical/imaging findings and outcome in patients with idiopathic (isolated aortitis, IA) and with giant cell arteritis (GCA)-related aortitis. METHODS: Patients from 11 French internal medicine departments were retrospectively included. Aortitis was defined by aortic wall thickening >2mm and/or an aortic aneurysm on CT-scan, associated to inflammatory syndrome. Patients with GCA had at least 3 ACR criteria. Aortic events (aneurysm, dissection, aortic surgeries) were reported, and free of aortic events-survival were compared. RESULTS: Among 191 patients with non-infectious aortitis, 73 with GCA and 44 with IA were included. Patients with IA were younger (65 vs 70 years, p=0.003) and comprised more past/current smokers (43 vs 15%, p=0.0007). Aortic aneurisms were more frequent (38% vs 20%, p=0.03), and aortic wall thickening was more pronounced in IA. During follow-up (median=34 months), subsequent development of aortic aneurysm was significantly lower in GCA when compared to IA (p=0.009). GCA patients required significantly less aortic surgery during follow-up than IA patients (p=0.02). Mean age, sex ratio, inflammatory parameters, and free of aortic aneurism survival were equivalent in patients with IA ≥ 60 years when compared to patients with GCA-related aortitis. CONCLUSIONS: IA is more severe than aortitis related to GCA, with higher proportions of aortic aneurism at diagnosis and during follow-up. IA is a heterogeneous disease and its prognosis is worse in younger patients <60 years. Most patients with IA ≥ 60 years share many features with GCA-related aortitis.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico , Aortite/diagnóstico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico , Idoso , Aneurisma Aórtico/patologia , Aortite/patologia , França , Arterite de Células Gigantes/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 34(3 Suppl 97): S7-11, 2016 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26412031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to describe the characteristics of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) associated with systemic vasculitis. METHODS: A standardised questionnaire was used for a nationwide retrospective multicentre study in 2013 to collect clinical, radiological and outcome data about PRES associated with systemic vasculitis. RESULTS: We included six patients (all women; mean age 22.6±19.8 years (20-62)): two with polyarteritis nodosa and one case of each granulomatosis with polyangiitis, cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis, hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis, and Takayasu arteritis. PRES was the first manifestation of systemic vasculitis in three patients. Arterial hypertension was suspected to be the cause of PRES in five patients. Several other plausible causes including drugs, renal failure, and pneumonia were found in three patients. Clinical findings included headache, seizure, blurred or loss of vision, confusion, and altered cognition. Radiological study showed oedema in the occipital region in all patients, with a reversible state in MRIs performed one week to one month after the onset of PRES. Therapies used included antihypertensive therapy (n=5), immunosuppressive therapy (corticosteroids (n=5), cyclophosphamide (n=4), azathioprine (n=1), methotrexate (n=1), plasma exchange (n=1)), antibiotics (n=1), anticonvulsant therapy (n=2)), and analgesics. No relapse of PRES was reported during the follow-up period (mean: 47.5 ±29.9 months, 13-98); one patient continued to complain of vision loss. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that PRES is a rare condition associated with systemic vasculitis; which may be present at the onset vasculitis symptoms. Antihypertensive drugs should be prescribed if blood pressure is elevated. The impact of immunosuppressive therapy remains unclear.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Leucoencefalopatia Posterior/etiologia , Vasculite Sistêmica/complicações , Adulto , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome da Leucoencefalopatia Posterior/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 75(6): 1009-15, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25995322

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, on digital ulcer (DU) healing in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Randomised, placebo-controlled study in patients with SSc to assess the effect of sildenafil 20 mg or placebo, three times daily for 12 weeks, on ischaemic DU healing. The primary end point was the time to healing for each DU. Time to healing was compared between groups using Cox models for clustered data (two-sided tests, p=0.05). RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analysis involved 83 patients with a total of 192 DUs (89 in the sildenafil group and 103 in the placebo group). The HR for DU healing was 1.33 (0.88 to 2.00) (p=0.18) and 1.27 (0.85 to 1.89) (p=0.25) when adjusted for the number of DUs at entry, in favour of sildenafil. In the per protocol population, the HRs were 1.49 (0.98 to 2.28) (p=0.06) and 1.43 (0.93 to 2.19) p=0.10. The mean number of DUs per patient was lower in the sildenafil group compared with the placebo group at week (W) 8 (1.23±1.61 vs 1.79±2.40 p=0.04) and W12 (0.86±1.62 vs 1.51±2.68, p=0.01) resulting from a greater healing rate (p=0.01 at W8 and p=0.03 at W12). CONCLUSIONS: The primary end point was not reached in intention-to-treat, partly because of an unexpectedly high healing rate in the placebo group. We found a significant decrease in the number of DUs in favour of sildenafil compared with placebo at W8 and W12, confirming a sildenafil benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01295736.


Assuntos
Dedos/irrigação sanguínea , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Citrato de Sildenafila/administração & dosagem , Úlcera Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Isquemia/etiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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