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1.
Blood ; 135(4): 274-286, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738823

RESUMO

Pediatric large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs) share morphological and phenotypic features with adult types but have better prognosis. The higher frequency of some subtypes such as LBCL with IRF4 rearrangement (LBCL-IRF4) in children suggests that some age-related biological differences may exist. To characterize the genetic and molecular heterogeneity of these tumors, we studied 31 diffuse LBCLs (DLBCLs), not otherwise specified (NOS); 20 LBCL-IRF4 cases; and 12 cases of high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBCL), NOS in patients ≤25 years using an integrated approach, including targeted gene sequencing, copy-number arrays, and gene expression profiling. Each subgroup displayed different molecular profiles. LBCL-IRF4 had frequent mutations in IRF4 and NF-κB pathway genes (CARD11, CD79B, and MYD88), losses of 17p13 and gains of chromosome 7, 11q12.3-q25, whereas DLBCL, NOS was predominantly of germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype and carried gene mutations similar to the adult counterpart (eg, SOCS1 and KMT2D), gains of 2p16/REL, and losses of 19p13/CD70. A subset of HGBCL, NOS displayed recurrent alterations of Burkitt lymphoma-related genes such as MYC, ID3, and DDX3X and homozygous deletions of 9p21/CDKN2A, whereas other cases were genetically closer to GCB DLBCL. Factors related to unfavorable outcome were age >18 years; activated B-cell (ABC) DLBCL profile, HGBCL, NOS, high genetic complexity, 1q21-q44 gains, 2p16/REL gains/amplifications, 19p13/CD70 homozygous deletions, and TP53 and MYC mutations. In conclusion, these findings further unravel the molecular heterogeneity of pediatric and young adult LBCL, improve the classification of this group of tumors, and provide new parameters for risk stratification.

2.
Am J Hematol ; 95(2): 151-155, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709579

RESUMO

The T Cell Project was the largest prospective trial to explore the incidence, treatment patterns, and outcomes for T cell lymphomas. The rare subtypes of T cell lymphomas, including hepatosplenic T cell lymphoma (HSTCL), enteropathy associated T cell lymphoma (EATL), and peripheral gamma delta T cell lymphomas (PGDTCLs) are poorly represented in most studies and there is little data regarding treatment patterns. We report results from 115 patients with hepatosplenic (n = 31), enteropathy associated (n = 65), and PGDTCLs (n = 19). While anthracycline regimens were most commonly used as first line therapy, response rates ranged from 20%-40% and were suboptimal for all groups. Autologous stem cell transplantation was performed as a consolidation in first remission in a small number of patients (33% of HSTCL, 7% of EATL, and 12% of PGDTCL), and four patients with HSTCL underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation in first remission. The progression free survival at 3 years ranged from 28%-40% for these rare subtypes, and the overall survival at 3 years was most favorable for PGDTCL (70%). These data highlight the need for novel treatment approaches for rare subtypes of T cell lymphomas and for their inclusion in clinical trials.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 184(5): 753-759, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515755

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an indolent disease characterized by long survival but frequent relapses. Before the introduction of rituximab, the clinical course of these patients showed a shorter response duration (RD) after each relapse. In this study, we analysed if this pattern of shortened responses remains in patients treated in the rituximab era. We selected 348 patients newly diagnosed with FL in two institutions between 2001 and 2014 that received chemoimmunotherapy. After a median follow-up of 6·3 years, 10-year progression-free and overall survivals were 53% and 72%, respectively. All patients received first-line, 111 second-line and 41 third-line treatments, with a 5-year RD of 62%, 39% and 24%, respectively (P < 0·0001). Variables predicting longer RD after first-line treatment were normal ß2microglobulin, complete remission achievement and maintenance with rituximab. Patients with longer RD after first-line showed significantly longer RD after second-line therapy. Autologous stem-cell transplantation after second-line therapy did not significantly impact RD. Median survival after first, second and third therapies was not reached, 7·6 and 4·8 years, respectively, whereas relative survival with respect to a sex- and age-matched Spanish population, the decrease in the life expectancy at 10 years was 17%, 45% and 79%, respectively. Thus, RD still shortens after each relapse in patients with FL treated in first line with rituximab combinations.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autoenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Haematologica ; 103(7): 1191-1197, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29599200

RESUMO

This analysis explored factors influencing survival of patients with primary refractory and relapsed peripheral T-cell lymphomas enrolled in the prospective International T-cell Project. We analyzed data from 1020 patients with newly diagnosed disease, enrolled between September 2006 and December 2015. Out of 937 patients who received first-line treatment, 436 (47%) were identified as refractory and 197 (21%) as relapsed. Median time from the end of treatment to relapse was 8 months (range 2-73). Overall, 75 patients (8%) were consolidated with bone marrow transplantation, including 12 refractory and 22 relapsed patients. After a median follow up of 38 months (range 1-96 months) from documentation of refractory/relapsed disease, 440 patients had died. The median overall survival (OS) was 5.8 months; 3-year overall survival rates were 21% and 28% for refractory and relapsed patients, respectively (P<0.001). Patients receiving or not salvage bone marrow transplantation had a 3-year survival of 48% and 18%, respectively (P<0.001). In a univariate Cox regression analysis, refractory disease was associated with a higher risk of death (HR=1.43, P=0.001), whereas late relapse (>12 months, HR 0.57, P=0.001) and salvage therapy with transplantation (HR=0.36, P<0.001) were associated with a better OS. No difference was found in OS with respect to histology. This study accurately reflects outcomes for patients treated according to standards of care worldwide. Results confirm that peripheral T-cell lymphomas patients had dismal outcome after relapse or progression. Patients with chemotherapy sensitive disease who relapsed after more than 12 months might benefit from consolidation bone marrow transplantation.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Leuk Res ; 59: 20-25, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28544905

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive lymphoma with heterogeneous outcomes. To improve accuracy of the international prognostic index score, new biological variables are being investigated. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of serum levels of different cytokines, namely soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL2-R), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF). We analyzed 197 de novo DLBCL patients (91 M/106 F; median age 66 years) treated with immunochemotherapy in a single institution. Serum cytokine determination was performed with ELISA, using the upper normal values as cut-offs. sIL-2R, IL-6 and TNF were elevated in 133, 130 and 144 cases, respectively. Elevation of each of these cytokines correlated with worse performance status, presence of B symptoms, advanced stage, elevated LDH and ß2-microglobulin (P<0.03) and lower complete remission rate (P<0.001). Elevated levels of serum sIL-2R and TNF were significantly associated with shorter progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS), while elevated IL-6 only with shorter PFS. Early death (<4months from diagnosis) strongly correlated with elevated cytokines. Determination of serum cytokines levels is simple and adds information regarding risk of early death, response to therapy, and outcome.


Assuntos
Interleucina-6/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Receptores de Interleucina-2/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Idoso , Citocinas/sangue , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 41(7): 877-886, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28288039

RESUMO

MYC translocation is a defining feature of Burkitt lymphoma (BL), and the new category of high-grade B-cell lymphomas with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations, and occurs in 6% to 15% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs). The low incidence of MYC translocations in DLBCL makes the genetic study of all these lymphomas cumbersome. Strategies based on an initial immunophenotypic screening to select cases with a high probability of carrying the translocation may be useful. LMO2 is a germinal center marker expressed in most lymphomas originated in these cells. Mining gene expression profiling studies, we observed LMO2 downregulation in BL and large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) with MYC translocations, and postulated that LMO2 protein expression could assist to identify such cases. We analyzed LMO2 protein expression in 46 BLs and 284 LBCL. LMO2 was expressed in 1/46 (2%) BL cases, 146/268 (54.5%) DLBCL cases, and 2/16 (12.5%) high-grade B-cell lymphoma cases with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations. All BLs carried MYC translocation (P<0.001), whereas LMO2 was only positive in 6/42 (14%) LBCL with MYC translocation (P<0.001). The relationship between LMO2 negativity and MYC translocation was further analyzed in different subsets of tumors according to CD10 expression and cell of origin. Lack of LMO2 expression was associated with the detection of MYC translocations with high sensitivity (87%), specificity (87%), positive predictive value and negative predictive value (74% and 94%, respectively), and accuracy (87%) in CD10 LBCL. Comparing LMO2 and MYC protein expression, all statistic measures of performance of LMO2 surpassed MYC in CD10 LBCL. These findings suggest that LMO2 loss may be a good predictor for the presence of MYC translocation in CD10 LBCL.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linfoma de Burkitt/metabolismo , Genes myc , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfoma de Burkitt/genética , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Br J Haematol ; 176(6): 918-928, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106247

RESUMO

The study included 1848 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)patients treated with chemotherapy/rituximab. The aims were to validate the National Comprehensive Cancer Network International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) and explore the effect of adding high Beta-2 microglobulin (ß2M), primary extranodal presentation and intense treatment to the NCCN-IPI variables in order to develop an improved index. Comparing survival curves, NCCN-IPI discriminated better than IPI, separating four risk groups with 5-year overall survival rates of 93%, 83%, 67% and 49%, but failing to identify a true high-risk population. For the second aim the series was split into training and validation cohorts: in the former the multivariate model identified age, lactate dehydrogenase, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, Stage III-IV, and ß2M as independently significant, whereas the NCCN-IPI-selected extranodal sites, primary extranodal presentation and intense treatments were not. These results were confirmed in the validation cohort. The Grupo Español de Linfomas/Trasplante de Médula ósea (GELTAMO)-IPI developed here, with 7 points, significantly separated four risk groups (0, 1-3, 4 or ≥5 points) with 11%, 58%, 17% and 14% of patients, and 5-year overall survival rates of 93%, 79%, 66% and 39%, respectively. In the comparison GELTAMO IPI discriminated better than the NCCN-IPI. In conclusion, GELTAMO-IPI is more accurate than the NCCN-IPI and has statistical and practical advantages in that the better discrimination identifies an authentic high-risk group and is not influenced by primary extranodal presentation or treatments of different intensity.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Microglobulina beta-2/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Hematol Oncol ; 35(4): 630-636, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27255982

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) comprise a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that are derived from post-thymic lymphoid cells at different stages of differentiation with different morphological patterns, phenotypes and clinical presentations. PTCLs are highly diverse, reflecting the diverse cells from which they can originate and are currently sub-classified using World Health Organization (WHO) 2008 criteria. In 2006 the International T-Cell Lymphoma Project launched the T-Cell Project, building on the retrospective study previously carried on by the network, with the aim to prospectively collect accurate data to improve knowledge on this group of lymphomas. Based on previously published reports from International Study Groups it emerged that rendering a correct classification of PTCLs is quite difficult because the relatively low prevalence of these diseases results in a lack of confidence by most pathologists. This is the reason why the T-Cell Project requested the availability of diagnostic material from the initial biopsy of each patient registered in the study in order to have the initial diagnosis centrally reviewed by expert hematopathologists. In the present report the results of the review process performed on 573 cases are presented. Overall, an incorrect diagnosis was centrally recorded in 13.1% cases, including 8.5% cases centrally reclassified with a subtype eligible for the project and 4.6% cases misclassified and found to be disorders other than T-cell lymphomas; 2.1% cases were centrally classified as T-Cell disorders not included in the study population. Thus, the T-Cell Project confirmed the difficulties in providing an accurate classification when a diagnosis of PTCLs is suspected, singled out the major pitfalls that can bias a correct histologic categorization and confirmed that a centralized expert review with the application of adequate diagnostic algorithms is mandatory when dealing with these tumours. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Técnicas Histológicas/métodos , Técnicas Histológicas/normas , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Ann Hematol ; 96(3): 405-410, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28035434

RESUMO

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients carrying hepatitis C virus (HCV) have higher risk of treatment toxicity and complications. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of HCV in a series of DLBCL patients treated with immunochemotherapy. 321 patients (161 M/160F; median age, 66 years) diagnosed with de novo DLBCL in a single center between 2002 and 2013 were included. Immunodeficiency-related lymphomas were excluded. HCV+ cases were defined by the presence of IgG anti-HCV. Main clinico-biological characteristics and outcome were analyzed according to the viral status. Two hundred ninety patients were HCV- and 31 HCV+. HCV+ patients were older (median age 71 vs. 64 years, P = 0.03), had more often B symptoms (P = 0.013), spleen (P = 0.003), and liver (P = 0.011) involvement, higher rate of early death (<4 months, P = .001), and shorter overall survival (OS). Eleven HCV+ patients had cirrhosis criteria. HCV+ patients with impaired liver function before or during treatment showed inferior OS. Elevated pre-treatment bilirubin correlated also with higher liver toxicity. In a multivariate analysis that included R-IPI score, serum beta2-microglobulin (ß2m), HCV status, and presence of cirrhosis, only R-IPI, ß2m, and cirrhosis showed independent prognostic impact on OS. The presence of HCV in DLBCL patients entails higher number of complications and early deaths; however, liver impairment and not the hepatitis viral status was the key feature in the outcome of the patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/mortalidade , Humanos , Imunoterapia/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 58(4): 842-850, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27687692

RESUMO

We have analyzed in lymph nodes at diagnosis of 75 patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) the relationship between different T-cell subpopulations, assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and flow cytometry (FC), with the outcome. CD4+ cells were the most abundant T-cells in tumor tissue sections, whilst CD57+ cells were the less frequent. In addition to nonambulatory performance status, advanced stage and FLIPI, low CD4+CD57+/CD4+ ratio (p = .041), and low CD4+/CD8+ ratio (p = .008) predicted poor overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis showed that CD4+CD57+/CD4+ ratio was the most important variable for OS. In conclusion, T-cell subpopulations, including CD4+CD57+/CD4+ ratio analyzed by FC, could identify FL patients with favorable outcome.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
Mod Pathol ; 29(8): 844-53, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27125356

RESUMO

MYC rearrangement can be detected in a subgroup of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma characterized by unfavorable prognosis. In contrast to Burkitt lymphoma, the correlation between MYC rearrangement and MYC protein expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is less clear, as approximately one-third of rearranged cases show negative or low expression by immunohistochemistry. To better understand whether specific characteristics of the MYC rearrangement may influence its protein expression, we investigated 43 de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma positive for 8q24 rearrangement by FISH, using 14 Burkitt lymphoma for comparison. Different cell populations (clones), breakpoints (classical vs non-classical FISH patterns), partner genes (IGH vs non-IGH) and immunostaining were detected and analyzed using computerized image systems. In a subgroup of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, we observed different clones within the same tumor distinguishing the founder clone with MYC rearrangement alone from other subclones, carrying MYC rearrangement coupled with loss/extra copies of derivatives/normal alleles. This picture, which we defined MYC genetic heteroclonality, was found in 42% of cases and correlated to negative MYC expression (P=0.026). Non-classical FISH breakpoints were detected in 16% of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma without affecting expression (P=0.040). Non-IGH gene was the preferential partner of rearrangement in those diffuse large B-cell lymphoma showing MYC heteroclonality (P=0.016) and/or non-classical FISH breakpoints (P=0.058). MYC heteroclonality was not observed in Burkitt lymphoma and all cases had positive MYC expression. Non-classical FISH MYC breakpoint and non-IGH partner were found in 29 and 20% of Burkitt lymphoma, respectively. In conclusion, MYC genetic heteroclonality is a frequent event in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and may have a relevant role in modulating MYC expression.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8 , Rearranjo Gênico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes de Cadeia Pesada de Imunoglobulina , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/química , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/análise , Espanha , Suíça
13.
Br J Haematol ; 173(2): 245-52, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26847165

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients failing rituximab-containing therapy have a poor outcome with the current salvage regimens. We conducted a phase 1b trial to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of lenalidomide in combination with R-ESHAP (rituximab, etoposide, cisplatin, cytarabine, methylprednisolone) (LR-ESHAP) in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL. Efficacy data were collected as a secondary objective. Subjects received 3 cycles of lenalidomide at escalating doses (5, 10 or 15 mg) given on days 1-14 of every 21-day cycle, in combination with R-ESHAP. Responding patients received BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan) followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation. Lenalidomide 10 mg/d was identified as the MTD because, in the 15 mg cohort, one patient experienced dose-limiting toxicity (grade 3 angioedema) and two patients had mobilization failure. A total of 19 patients (3, 12 and 4 in the 5, 10 and 15 mg cohorts, respectively) were evaluable. All toxicities occurring during LR-ESHAP cycles resolved appropriately and no grade 4-5 non-haematological toxicities were observed. The complete remission and overall response rates were 47·4% and 78·9%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 24·6 (17·4-38·2) months, the 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival were 44% and 63%, respectively. In conclusion, the LR-ESHAP regimen is feasible and yields encouraging outcomes.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Lenalidomida , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Clin Cancer Res ; 22(11): 2755-64, 2016 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26792260

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Mutations in MYD88 are found in different lymphoproliferative disorders associated with particular biologic characteristics and clinical impact. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of MYD88 mutations and its clinical impact in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The incidence, clinicobiological features, and outcome of 213 patients (115 M/98 F; median age, 65 years) with DLBCL treated with immunochemotherapy in a single institution according to MYD88 mutational status as assessed by an allele-specific PCR assay were analyzed. The cell of origin (COO) was determined in 129 cases by gene expression. RESULTS: MYD88 mutations were found in 47 cases (22%), including L265P in 39 and S219C and M232F in 4 cases, respectively. Patients with MYD88 L265P were older, presenting frequent extranodal involvement, and mostly corresponded to activated B-cell like (ABC) subtype, whereas no preference in COO was observed in patients with other MYD88 mutations. Five-year overall survival (OS) for MYD88 wild-type, MYD88 L265P, and other variants was 62%, 52%, and 75%, respectively (P = 0.05). International Prognostic Index (IPI) (HR, 2.71; P < 0.001) and MYD88 L265P (HR, 1.786; P = 0.023) were independent variables predicting OS in the multivariate analysis. However, MYD88 L265P lost its independent value when COO was included in the model. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that MYD88 L265P mutations, but no other variants, identify a subgroup of DLBCL mainly of ABC origin, with extranodal involvement and poor outcome. Clin Cancer Res; 22(11); 2755-64. ©2016 AACR.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Ativação Linfocitária , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Ann Hematol ; 94(5): 803-12, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25501975

RESUMO

A retrospective study was performed to assess the outcome of patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who did not achieve complete response or who relapsed before and after the use of rituximab. Clinical features and outcome of 816 (425 M/391 F; median age 63 years) patients diagnosed from 1991 to 2001 (pre-rituximab era, N = 348) and from 2002 to 2012 (rituximab era, N = 468) in a single institution were evaluated. Five hundred fifty-three patients achieved complete remission (CR), 57 partial response (PR), and 206 were refractory with a median overall survival of 15, 1.5, and 0.4 years, respectively. Patients receiving rituximab had lower risk of refractoriness or relapse. In primarily refractory and PR patients, there was not a difference in survival depending on whether patients received or not rituximab-containing frontline treatment. Early death rate was 11%, including 3.6% due to infectious complications. Rituximab did not modify these figures. In the relapse setting, 5-year survival from relapse was 25% for patients who never received rituximab, 54% for those who received rituximab only at relapse, and 48% for those treated with immunochemotherapy both as frontline and at relapse. In conclusion, relapsed/refractory patients with DLBCL show poor prognosis despite the use of frontline immunochemotherapy. New therapeutic approaches are needed in this group of patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab , Adulto Jovem
16.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 14(1): 73-9, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24126217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The combination of purine analogues (PA) and rituximab (chemoimmunotherapy) is considered the treatment of choice for CLL. The aim of this study was to determine whether chemoimmunotherapy prolonged the overall survival in patients with CLL from a single center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1980 to 2010, 273 patients with CLL received: (1) PA (n = 159); and (2) PA plus rituximab (PA+R) (n = 114). All treated patients were included in the analysis, regardless of time at which treatment was administered, duration of therapy, and response. RESULTS: Patients from the PA and PA+R groups were well balanced for demographic, clinical, and biologic features. At 8 years, the survival from diagnosis of the PA+R group was 88% (95% confidence interval [CI], 82-94%) compared with 68% (95% CI, 60-76%) for the PA group (P < .001). When survival of patients treated with PA+R was analyzed according to the time of treatment administration (first- [n = 55] vs. second or more lines [n = 59]), no significant differences were observed (8-year overall survival 89% vs. 87%, respectively; P = .8). CONCLUSION: Chemoimmunotherapy prolonged the survival of patients with CLL and this effect was independent of the phase of the disease at which treatment was given.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Purinas/agonistas , Rituximab , Adulto Jovem
18.
Leuk Res ; 36(12): 1521-5, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22938831

RESUMO

We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of retreatment with purine analogs (PA) in 62 patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Median OS and PFS after retreatment were 60 and 26 months, respectively. By multivariate analysis, minimal residual disease status, ZAP-70 expression and age had independent predictive power in terms of OS. Toxicity was mainly neutropenia (21%) and infections (39%). Second malignancies were observed in 10 (16%) patients. Our results outline that retreatment with PA is remarkably effective in patients with relapsed CLL, but with a significant toxicity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Purinas/administração & dosagem , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Infecções Bacterianas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/complicações , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Neoplasia Residual , Neutropenia/complicações , Neutropenia/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Purinas/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Proteína-Tirosina Quinase ZAP-70/genética , Proteína-Tirosina Quinase ZAP-70/metabolismo
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